Предложение стратегии children and rights. plan introduction introduction...
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Children and rights
PlanIntroductionEducation and EmploymentTravel and recreationHealth, relationships and legal rights
In Ireland under the Child Care Act 1991, the Children Act 2001 and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child a child is defined as anyone under the age of 18.
Education systemThe Irish education system is made up of primary, second-level, third-level and further education. Children can attend primary school from the age of 4. To attend second-level they must be aged 12 on 1 January in the first school year of attendance.
School AttendanceAttendance at school (or receiving an education) is compulsory from the age of 6 up to age 16 or until students have completed 3 years of second-level education, whichever is the later.There is no compulsory early childhood education.
WorkingUnder the Protection of Young Persons (Employment) Act 1996 employers cannot employ children under age 16 in regular full-time jobs. Children under age 14 cannot be employed. Children aged 14 and 15 may be employed as follows:Doing light work during the school holidays they must have at least 21 days off work during this time
Children aged 15 may do 8 hours a week light work in school term time. The maximum working week for children outside school term time is 35 hours or up to 40 hours if they are on approved work experience.The maximum working week for children aged 16 and 17 is 40 hours with a maximum of 8 hours a day.
*You can become an apprentice in the Army or Air Corps at age 17*You can join the Army, Air Corps and Naval Service at age 17
Apprenticeships and other careers
Travel and recreation
CategoryVehicle typeMinimum age of driverA1Motorcycles up to 11kW and up to 125cc with or without a sidecar16 yearsMMopeds with a maximum speed of 45kph and an engine size of up to 50cc16 yearsBVehicles with seats for up to 8 passengers and a maximum weight of 3,500kg (includes pulling a trailer where the maximum weight of the trailer when fully loaded is 750kg or less)17 years WWork vehicles with or without a trailer, such as a land tractor or JCB16 years
Children cannot book a holiday or a flight until they are 18 years of age. In general, they cannot travel unaccompanied until they are aged 16. Otherwise they must be accompanied by someone aged 16 or over.
There are two types ofpassports for children. Three-year passports are available for children under 3, and five-year passports are available for children aged between 3-17 years. Parental consent is required when applying.You can apply for a ten-year passport when you are 18 years of age or over.
Films, videos and computer games
What films you can watch in the cinema depends on the films classification. The film classifications currently in use are as follows: *G: The film is suitable for everyone including children of school going age*PG: While the film may be watched by unaccompanied children, parental guidance is recommended as to its suitability for children under 12 years of age
*12A: While the film is considered suitable only for children aged 12 or over, a child under age 12 may be admitted to see the film if he/she is accompanied by a parent or guardian* 15A: While the film is considered suitable only for children aged 15 or over, a child under age 15 may be admitted to see the film if he/she is accompanied by a parent or guardian
*16: The film is considered to be suitable for children aged 16 or over. Children under this age cannot be admitted to screenings
*18: The film is considered suitable for persons age 18 or over
Videos A similar classification system is used for renting or buying Videos and DVDs:
G: The video/DVD is suitable for viewers generallyPG: The video/DVD is suitable for viewers generally, but parental guidance is recommended for children under 12
Under theControl of Dogs Act 1986you cannot keep a dog unless you have a dog licence for it. A local authority does not issue a dog licence to anyone under 16 years of age.
If you have your dog out in public you must keep it under control, such as on a lead. Certain breeds of dog must be muzzled at all times in public. These dogs must also be lead by someone over the age of 16 and kept on a strong chain or lead that is no longer than 2 metres.
You have to be aged 16 or over before you can apply for a firearms certificate. You have to be aged 14 or over before you can apply for a firearms training certificate. A firearms training certificate does not allow you to own a firearm but it does allow you to possess a firearm while carrying and using it under the supervision of the person who holds a firearm certificate for that firearm and is over 18 years of age.
Marriage and civil partnership
if you are ordinarily resident in Ireland, the minimum age at which you can marry or become a civil partner is 18 years. This is the case even if you marry or become a civil partner outside of Ireland. In certain special circumstances, you may be able to get a Court Exemption Order allowing a marriage or civil partnership to proceed even if one or both parties are under 18. Parental consent is not required.
You can leave home at age 16, provided you have your parents consent. No consent is required at age 18.If you leave home before you are 18 without your parents consent and you are considered to be homeless or at risk, theHealth Service Executive (HSE)may be asked to intervene. Information on the powers available to the HSE is available in our document,Children in care.
The age of criminal responsibility is 12 years of age. This means that children who have not reached the age of 12 cannot be charged with an offence. There is an exception, however, for children aged 10 or 11, who can be charged with murder, manslaughter, rape or aggravated sexual assault.
Children under 12 Where the Garda have reasonable grounds for believing that a child under 12 years of age has committed an offence with which the child cannot be charged due to his/her age, the Garda must take the child to his/her parents or guardian.
Age 18 for local electionsAge 21 for national and European electionsAge 35 for presidential elections
Changing your name
Children aged between 14 and 17 years can execute the Deed Poll themselves but need the consent of both parents. Where a child is under the age of 14 years, one of the child's parents must execute the Deed Poll with the consent of the other parent.