03132013 how russia views america

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March 12, 2013 Ivan Kurilla Professor of Volgograd State University, Russia Visiting Fellow at the Institute of European, Russian and Eurasian Studies Elliot School of International Affairs, George Washington University

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How Russia Views America?

March 12, 2013

Ivan Kurilla Professor of Volgograd State University, Russia

Visiting Fellow at the Institute of European, Russian and Eurasian Studies Elliot School of International Affairs, George Washington University How Russia Views America?During that period most of the Russian stereotypes about the United States were formed

Period of shaping Americas image in Russia XVIII Mid-XIXth CenturyJean-Jacques Rousseau idea of Noble savage

Russian poets of the XVIII century:Vasilii Trediakovski, Alexandr Sumarokov, Nikolai Karamzin

The first image of America in Russia: the Country of Indians (XVIII early XIX c.)Pavel Svinin, Russian diplomat, journalist and painter

The first image of America in Russia: the Country of Indians (XVIII early XIX c.)The first image of America in Russia: the Country of Indians (XVIII early XIX c.)

Pavel SvininThe first image of America in Russia: the Country of IndiansJames Fenimore CooperGeorge Catlin

The next image of America: a land of Liberty and Freedom Alexander Radishchev, ode Liberty (1783)

Decembrists revolt (1825)

Railroads, steamships, telegraph, revolversSteamship orders in the USMoscow-St.Petersburg railroadSamuel Colt, Hiram Berdan and other weapon producersSamuel Morse

Russian engineers is the USA:Melnikov, Kraft, Shants, GorlovThe Hotbed of Industry 1830-1850sThe Russian contracts became the first major foreign recognition of US ability to provide technological leadership and assistance.

The USA acquired the new reason to believe in its leading world role and destiny (after City upon a hill in the 17th Century and invention of democracy in the 18th)

Americans at around 1830-40s started to believe in its special mechanical skills and inventiveness as a new token of their choosinessThe Hotbed of Industry 1830-1850sHarriet Beecher Stowe Uncle Tom's Cabin

Country of Slavery (comparison to Russias Serfdom)(1850-1860s)

Dmitry Kachenovsky and Andrew Dickson White

Country of Slavery (comparison to Russias Serfdom)(1850-1860s)

Armed neutrality (1780)Crimean war (1853-1856)Civil War and visit of Russian fleets (1863)

First World War (1917)

Second World War (1941-1945)War on Terror (2001)

An Ally America as a model

or

America as a threatPendulum movement of attitudes:Depended on Russias home agenda:

America as a model (examples):Nicholas I modernization (1830-40s)Alexander II Great Reforms (1861-1881)Bolshevik reforms and industrialization (1920-30s)Nikita Khrushchev reforms (late 1950s-early 1960s)Leonid Brezhnev in early 1970sMikhail Gorbachev Perestroika (late 1980s)Boris Yeltsyn (1990s) reformsDmitrii Medvedev modernization effort (2009-11)

Pendulum movement of attitudes:Depended on Russias home agenda:

America as a threat (examples):Alexander III counter-reforms (1880s)USSR in the late 1940s early 1950s (post-war stabilization)Leonid Brezhnev stagnation (late 1970s)Vladimir Putins stabilization (after 2011)

Pendulum movement of attitudes:If Russia will continue its reformation, - the attitude to the United States of America will become better

If the stabilization project will overcome, - the attitude will remain low.

However, Russia needs to reform Prospects for the FutureThank you for your attention!