10 most extreme places on earth

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    10 Most Extreme Places on Earth

    Here is a list of the most extreme places on Earth! From the hottest to the

    coldest place, from the highest to the lowest and many more!

    Lut Desert (Iran): hottest place on Earth at 159 F (71 C)

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    There is a big discussion about the hottest spot on Earth. Many believe it is in

    Al Azizyah, Libya, with a recorded temperature of 136 degrees Fahrenheit(57.8 Celsius), and the second hottest place being in Death Valley, California,

    USA, where it got up to 134 Fahrenheit in 1913. But according to other sites,

    a NASA satellite recorded surface temperatures as high as 71 C (159 F) in

    the Lut desert of Iran, supposedly the hottest temperature ever recorded on

    the surface of Earth. This region, which covers an area of about 480

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    Almost everyone knows that Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the

    world. Climbers from everywhere travel to Everest hoping to earn thedistinction of climbing the "World's Highest". The peak of Mount Everest is

    8,848 meters (29,028 feet) above sea level. This high elevation gives Mount

    Everest the distinction of being the mountain with the highest altitude.

    But not many people know about Mt Chimborazo in Ecuador with an altitude

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    of 6,310 meters (20,703 feet), which is less than Mount Everest; however,

    Chimborazo has the distinction of being the highest mountain above Earth's

    center. This is because Earth is not a sphere - it is an oblate spheroid. As an

    oblate spheroid, Earth is widest at its equator. Chimborazo is just one degree

    south of Earth's equator and at that location it is 6,384 kilometers fromEarth's center or about 2 kilometers farther from Earth's center than Mount

    Everest.

    Ecuadorians find pride in this interesting fact. Nonetheless, Chimborazo

    cannot compare in difficulty, lack of oxygen, nor in fame, to Mount Everest.

    (Link | Photo)

    Tristan de Cunha (UK): most remote inhabited archipelago on Earth

    at 2,000 miles from the nearest continent

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    The most remote inhabited island group in the world, Tristan de Cunha in the

    southern Atlantic Ocean, is so tiny its main island has no airstrip. Home to

    272 people sharing just 8 surnames, inhabitants suffer from hereditary

    complaints like asthma and glaucoma. Annexed by the United Kingdom inthe 1800s, the island's inhabitants have a British postal code and, while they

    can order things online, it takes a very long time for their orders to arrive.

    But then, that's the trade off for having your own island settlement some

    2,000 miles from the nearest continent. (Link | Photo)

    Angels Falls (Venezuela): Earth's highest waterfall with 3230 feet

    (984 m) in height

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    Angel Falls (Salto ngel) in Venezuela is the highest waterfall in the world.

    The falls are 3230 feet in height with an uninterrupted drop of 2647 feet.

    Angel Falls are located on a tributary of the Rio Caroni. The falls are formed

    when the tributary stream falls from the top of Auyantepui (a tepui is a flat-

    topped structure surrounded by cliffs - similar to a mesa).

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    Oymyakon (Russia): coldest inhabited place on Earth at 96.2 F

    (71.2 C)

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    Oymyakon is a village in Oymyakonsky Ulus of the Sakha Republic, Russia,

    located along the Indigirka River, 30 kilometers (20 mi) northwest of Tomtoron the Kolyma Highway. The population is 800 people. Oymyakon is known

    as one of the candidates for the Northern Pole of Cold, because on January

    26, 1926, a temperature of 71.2 C (96.2 F) was recorded there. This is

    the lowest recorded temperature for any permanently inhabited location on

    Earth. It is also the lowest temperature recorded in the Northern hemisphere.

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    The lowest temperature ever recorded on Earth was -129 F in 1983, at the

    Russian Base Vostok in Antarctica.

    The Dry Valleys (Antarctica): driest place on Earth

    One interior region of the Antarctic is known as The Dry Valleys. These

    valleys have not seen rainfall in over two million years. With the exception ofone valley, whose lakes are briefly filled with water by inland flowing rivers

    during the summer, the Dry Valleys contain no moisture (water, ice, or

    snow). The reasons why the Dry Valleys exist are the 200 mph Katabatic

    down winds which evaporate all moisture. The dry valleys are strange:

    except for a few steep rocks they are the only continental part of Antarctica

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    devoid of ice. Located in the Trans-Antarctic Range, they correspond to a

    mountain area where evaporation (or rather, sublimation) is more important

    than snowfall, thus all the ice disappears, leaving dry barren land.

    Another driest place is the Atacama Desert in Chile, some parts of whichhave received absolutely zero precipitation in centuries. Parts of the

    Atacama Desert may actually exceed the dryness of most of Antarctica,

    though data from the latter is insufficient to tell.

    Marianas Trench (Indonesia and Japan): lowest point on Earth at

    35,840 feet (10,924 m) below sea level

    Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench (or Marianas Trench) is the deepest

    point in Earth's oceans. The bottom there is 10,924 meters (35,840 feet)

    below sea level. If Mount Everest, the highest mountain on Earth, were

    placed at this location it would be covered by over one mile of water. The

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    only people to have ever explored this trench were Jacques Piccard and Don

    Walsh. At the bottom they were seven miles down and all around them eight

    tons of pressure. They observed fish, shrimp and other creatures living on

    the bottom of the sea floor. (Link | Photo)

    Cherrapunji (India): wettest place on Earth

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    Cherrapunji, North-Eastern India is thought for many years to be the wettest

    place in the world. Here 10,820mm rain falls on average in a year. Unlike

    Colombia where the rain falls throughout the whole year, Cherrapunji getsmost of its rain during the 'south-west monsoon', or wet season, between

    June and August. Cherrapunji does hold the record for the wettest month on

    record, recording 9,296mm in July 1861. Actually, between 1860 and 1862

    Cherrapunji was incredibly wet; between August 1st 1860 and July 31st 1861

    (which overlaps parts of 2 wet seasons) 26,467mm rain fell. In the calendar

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    year 1861 22,987mm rain fell, of which 22,454 fell between April and

    September.

    Mount Thor (Canada): Earth's greatest vertical drop

    Mount Thor, in Auyuittuq National Park on Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada,

    presents a 4,100 foot pure vertical drop. Mt. Thor is Canada's most famous

    peak, and it's made of pure granite. It's a favorite of thrill seekers and

    climbers. Mount Thor was first climbed in 1953 by an Arctic Institute of North

    America team. There have been a few recent rappel expeditions, with one

    fatality in 2006. (Link)

    Dead Sea (Jordan): Earth's lowest elevation at 1,385 ft (422 mt)

    below sea level

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    The Dead Sea is the lowest elevation on Earth's surface on dry land, itssurface and shores are 422 meters (1,385 ft) below sea level. On the border

    of Jordan and Israel, the road around the Dead Sea also happens to be the

    lowest road on Earth. Famous for its salinity (over ten times that of the

    Mediterranean Sea), the Dead Sea is said to be home of the first health

    retreat. Because of the extreme salt content, no life can survive in the sea,

    hence the name.