1865 1890 in a nutshell

of 19/19
1865-1890 1865-1890 25 Years of History in a Nutshell

Post on 14-Jan-2015

1.263 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

 

TRANSCRIPT

  • 1. 1865-1890 25 Years of History in a Nutshell

2. The Unofficial Civil War

  • Official Civil War ended at Appomattoxin April of 1865
  • Southern mentality
  • Lincoln assassinated
  • Tensions between N & S - high

3. Reconstruction

  • After the Civil War, the South was wrecked
    • Physically
    • Psychologically
    • Economically

4. Physical Wreckage

    • Most of fighting in South
    • Buildings, businesses severely damaged

Charelston, SC- 1864 5. Psychological Damage

  • Confederate dead behind the stone wall of Marye's Heights, Fredericksburg, Virginia, killed during the Battle of Chancellorsville, May 1863

Civil War Refugee 6. Economic Damage

  • 13 thAmendment
  • Were Freedmen citizens?
  • 14 thAmendment
  • Northerners take advantage

7. The End of Reconstruction

  • 1872
  • The bad news is
    • Freedmen still treated badly
    • Birth of KKK (terrorists of the time)
  • The good news is
    • Upward economic swing
    • Growth of cities
    • And

8. Industrialization

  • Technological Revolution
    • Edison (electricity, light bulb, phonograph)
    • Morse (telegraph)
    • Bell (telephone)
  • Oil as fuel
  • Transcontinental Railroad

9. Industrialization

  • Bessemer Process
    • Easier & cheaper to remove impurities from steel

10. Birth of Big Business

  • Robber Barons vs. Captains of Industry
  • John D. Rockefeller
    • Standard Oil Company
    • philanthropist
  • Andrew Carnegie (photo)
    • Carnegie Steel
    • Gospel of Wealth

11. Social Darwinism

  • Charles Darwin
  • natural selectionevolution
  • Herbert Spencer & William Graham Sumner extend to human society
  • Problems???

12. Issues of Industry

  • Workers
    • Women
    • Children
    • Immigrants
    • Abuses
  • Conditions
    • Dangerous
    • Unsanitary
  • Political Bosses & Corruption

13. Economic & Social Impact

  • Larger gap between rich & poor
  • Tenements
  • Economy grows
    • More money to spend
      • Consumer goods & services
      • Leisure activities

14. Political Impact

  • Birth of Socialism
    • An economic and political philosophy that favors public (instead of private) control of property & income
  • Reform
    • Labor Unions
    • Tariffs & Labor Laws
    • Settlement house (Hull House)

15. Westward Expansion

  • Western Frontier
    • Morrill Land-Grant Act of 1862
    • Homestead Act
  • Work in the West
    • Mining
    • Ranching
    • Farming

16. Mining

  • Gold rush
  • Mines opened throughout West
    • Gold
    • Silver

17. Ranching

  • Adopted Mexican ranching equipment & dress
  • Cattle boom (consumers demanded beef over pork)
    • Cow towns
    • Cattle Barons
  • Birth of the American
  • Cowboy
    • Fact vs. Myth

18. Farming

  • Hard life
    • Backbreaking labor
    • Bugs & pests = problems
    • Droughts
  • Building a house
    • Few to no trees
    • Built dugout or soddie
  • Soddie
    • Walls & roof built from blocks of sod
    • Cost = less than $10
  • Many homesteaders headed back east
  • Technology eased farming labor

19. The End of the Frontier???

  • Turners Frontier Thesis
    • 1893, Frederick Jackson Turner
    • Frontier life made Americans who were:
      • Socially mobile
      • Ready for adventure
      • Bent on self-improvement
      • Committed to democracy
  • No Where to Go