2010 chemistry perak(gerak gempur)

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  • Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

    1 Which of the following substances is made up of atoms?

    Antara berikut, bahan yang manakah terdiri daripada atom?

    A

    B

    C

    D

    Iron

    Ferum

    Oxygen gas

    Gas oksigen

    Naphthalene

    Naftalena

    Sodium chloride

    Natrium klorida

    2 The equation below shows the reaction between magnesium and hydrochloric acid,

    Persamaan di bawah menunjukkan tindakbalas antara magnesium dan asid hidroklorik

    Mg(s) + 2HCl(aq) MgCl2(aq) + H2(g)

    Which of the following statements is true?

    Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar?

    [Relative atomic mass of H = 1. Mg = 24, Cl = 35.5]

    [Jisim atom relatif H = 1, Mg = 24, Cl = 35.5]

    A

    B

    C

    D

    1 g magnesium react with 2 g hydrochloric acid to produce 1 g magnesium chloride and

    1 g hydrogen gas

    1 g magnesium bertindak balas dengan 2 g asid hidroklorik menghasilkan 1 g

    magnesium klorida dan 1 g gas hidrogen

    24 g magnesium react with 36.5 g hydrochloric acid to produce 95 g magnesium chloride

    and 2 g hydrogen gas

    24 g magnesium bertindak balas dengan 36.5 g asid hidroklorik menghasilkan 95 g

    magnesium klorida dan 2 g gas hidrogen

    1 mol magnesium react with 2 mol hydrochloric acid to produce 1 mol magnesium

    chloride and 1 mol hydrogen gas

    1 mol magnesium bertindak balas dengan 2 mol asid hidroklorik menghasilkan 1 mol

    magnesium klorida dan 1 mol gas hidrogen

    1 magnesium atom reacts with 2 hydrochloric acid molecule to produce 1 magnesium

    chloride molecule and 1 hydrogen gas molecule

    1 atom magnesium bertindak balas dengan 2 molekul asid hidroklorik menghasilkan 1

    molekul magnesium klorida dan 1 molekul gas hidrogen

    http://chngtuition.blogspot.com

  • Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

    2

    3 Which of the following chemists arranged the elements in order of increasing atomic mass in The

    Periodic Table ?

    Antara ahli kimia berikut, yang manakah menyusun unsur-unsur dalam Jadual Berkala

    berdasarkan pertambahan jisim atom?

    A

    B

    C

    D

    Dmitri Mendeleev

    Johann Dobereiner

    John Newlands

    Henry Moseley

    4 Element J has 11 electrons

    Unsur J mempunyai 11 elektron.

    Which of the following electron arrangements represent ion J?

    Antara susunan elektron berikut, yang manakah mewakili ion J?

    5 The ions that are present in copper(II) sulphate solution are

    Ion-ion yang wujud dalam larutan kuprum(II) sulfat ialah

    A

    B

    C

    Cu2+

    , SO42-

    Cu2+

    , SO42-

    , H+

    Cu

    2+, SO4

    2-, OH

    -

    A

    D

    C

    B

    http://chngtuition.blogspot.com

  • Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

    3

    D Cu2+

    , SO42-

    , H+, OH

    -

    6 Which of the following is a strong acid?

    Antara yang berikut, yang manakah asid kuat?

    A

    B

    C

    D

    Alkyl sulphonic acid

    Asid Alkil sulfonik

    Ethanoic acid

    Asid etanoik

    Palmitic acid

    Asid palmitik

    Nitric acid

    Asid nitrik

    7 Which of the following is a salt ?

    Antara berikut, yang manakah merupakan garam?

    A

    B

    C

    D

    Lead (II) oxide

    Plumbum(II) oksida

    Barium hydroxide

    Barium hidroksida

    Aluminium nitrate

    Aluminium nitrat

    Hydrogen sulphate

    Hidrogen sulfat

    8 Which of the following is true about manufactured substance in industry and its uses?

    Antara yang berikut,,yang manakah benar tentang bahan buatan dalam industri dengan

    kegunaannya?

    Manufactured substance in industry

    Bahan Buatan Industri

    Uses

    Kegunaan

    A Polythene

    Politena

    Lenses

    Kanta

    B Lead glass

    Kaca Plumbum

    Mirror

    Cermin

    C Photochromic glass

    Kaca fotokromik

    Optical lenses

    Kanta cermin mata

    D Plastic reinforced with glass

    Plastik yang diperkukuhkan dengan kaca

    Test tube

    Tabung uji

    http://chngtuition.blogspot.com

  • Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

    4

    9 Which of the following statements best explain the decrease in rate of decomposition of

    hydrogen peroxide with time?

    Antara pernyataan berikut,yang manakah menerangkan pengurangan kadar penguraian

    hidrogen peroksida dengan masa ?

    A

    B

    C

    D

    Product of reaction decreases

    Hasil tindak balas berkurang

    Temperature of hydrogen peroxide decreases

    Suhu hidrogen peroksida berkurang

    Volume of hydrogen peroxide decreases

    Isipadu hidrogen peroksida berkurang

    Concentration of hydrogen peroxide decreases

    Kepekatan hidrogen peroksida berkurang

    10 Which of the following chemicals is used to keep latex in its liquid state?

    Antara bahan kimia berikut, yang manakah digunakan untuk mengekalkan lateks dalam keadaan

    cecair?

    A

    B

    C

    D

    Aqueous ammonia

    Ammonia akueous

    Ethanoic acid

    Asid ethanoik

    Methanol

    Metanol

    Water

    Air

    http://chngtuition.blogspot.com

  • Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

    5

    12 What is the meaning of heat of reaction?

    Apakah maksud haba tindak balas?

    A The energy needed to break the chemical bond

    Tenaga yang diperlukan untuk memecahkan ikatan kimia

    B The energy needed to start a reaction

    Tenaga yang diperlukan untuk memulakan tindak balas

    C The energy involved when change of state of matter occurs

    Tenaga yang dibebaskan apabila perubahan keadaan bahan berlaku

    D The change in the energy contained in the products and in the reactants

    Perubahan kandungan tenaga dalam hasil tindak balas dan bahan tindak balas

    11 Diagram 1 shows the set up of apparatus for a chemical reaction.

    Rajah 1 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu tindak balas kimia.

    DIAGRAM 1

    RAJAH 1

    Which of the following statements is true for the reaction?

    Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar mengenai tindak balas itu?

    A

    B

    C

    D

    Iron is reduced

    Ferum diturunkan

    Iron is an oxidising agent

    Ferum adalah agen pengoksidaan

    Magnesium releases electron

    Magnesium membebaskan elektron

    The oxidation number of magnesium decreases

    Nombor pengoksidaan magnesium berkurang

    Magnesium strip

    Kepingan magnesium

    Agar solution

    Larutan agar-agar

    Iron strip

    Kepingan ferum

    http://chngtuition.blogspot.com

  • Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

    6

    13 The body of an aeroplane is made up of alloy X.

    Badan sebuah kapalterbang dibina dari sejenis aloi X.

    What is the alloy X?

    Apakah aloi X itu?

    A

    B

    C

    D

    Pewter

    Piuter

    Brass

    Loyang

    Bronze

    Gangsa

    Duralumin Duralumin

    14 Which of the following is true about the charges of an electron, a neutron and a proton?

    Antara yang berikut, yang manakah benar tentang cas-cas bagi elektron, neutron dan proton?

    A

    B

    C

    D

    Electron

    Elektron

    Neutron

    Neutron

    Proton

    Proton

    Negative

    Negatif

    Positive

    Positif

    Neutral

    Neutral

    Positive

    Positif

    Neutral

    Neutral

    Negative

    Negatif

    Positive

    Positif

    Negative

    Negatif

    Neutral

    Neutral

    Negative

    Negatif

    Neutral

    Neutral

    Positive

    Positif

    15 Which of the following pair of compounds and formulae is correct?

    Antara berikut, yang manakah pasangan sebatian dan fomulanya betul?

    A

    B

    C

    D

    Compound Formula

    Sebatian Formula

    Sodium sulphate NaSO4 Natrium sulfat

    Copper(II) oxide Cu2O Kuprum(II) oksida

    Iron(III) chloride FeCl3 Ferum(III) klorida

    Zinc nitrate Zn(NO2)3 Zink nitrat

    http://chngtuition.blogspot.com

  • Gerak Gempur SPM Chemistry paper 1

    7

    16 Astatine is below iodine in Group 17 of Periodic Table. Astatine terletak di bawah iodin dalam Kumpulan17 Jadual Berkala.

    Which of the following statements is true for astatine?

    Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar tentang astatine?

    A

    B

    C

    D

    Form basic oxide

    Membentuk oksida alkali

    Exists as monoatom

    Wujud sebagai monoatom

    Solid at room temperature

    Pepejal pada suhu bilik

    More electronegativity than iodine

    Lebih elektronegatif daripada iodin

    17 The diagram 2 shows the electron arrangement of a molecule of water ,H2 O

    Rajah 2 menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi molekul air ,H2O

    DIAGRAM 2

    RAJAH 2

    Which of the following statements is true about the molecule?

    Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar tentang molek