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Present, past and future simple.
Liceo Cientfico Tecnolgico En-Gadi
Name: Karla Priscila Quiej Pajarito Grade: 4TH tourism BTeacher: Melina Chivichn
Present, past, and future simple.
introductionlearnthegrammarof the English languageis very importantto express ourselves intheplace meetsmannerandthereforewe must be abletopractice whatis the present,past andfuture simple
The present simpleaffirmative
The present tense is thebase formof the verb: Iworkin London.But the third person (she/he/it) adds an-s: Sheworksin London.UseWe use the present tense to talk about: something that is true in thepresent:Imnineteen years old.Helivesin London.Imp.a student. something that happens again and again in the present:Iplayfootball every weekend.We use words likesometimes,often.always, andnever(adverbs of frequency) with the present tense:Isometimesgo to the cinema.Seneverplays football. something that isalways true:The adult human bodycontains206 bones.Lighttravelsat almost 300,000 kilometers per second. something that is fixed in the future.The school termstartsnext week.The trainleavesat 1945 this evening.Weflyto Paris next week.
Questions and negativesLook at these questions:Do you play the piano?Where do you live?Does Jack play football?Where does he come from?Do Rita and Angela live in Manchester?White do they work? With the present tense, we usedoanddoesto make questions. We usedoesfor the third person (she/he/it) and we usedofor the others.We usedoanddoeswith question words likewhere,whatandwhy:But look at these questions with who:Who lives in London?Who plays football at the weekend?Who works at Liverpool City Hospital?Look at these sentences:I like tennis, but I dont like football. (dont = do not)I dont live in London now.I dont play the piano, but I play the guitar.They dont work at the weekend.John doesnt live in Manchester. (doesnt = does not)Angela doesnt drive to work. She goes by bus.
Past simpleWith most verbs the past tense is formed by adding -end:call >> called; like >> liked; want >> wanted; work >> workedBut there are a lot of irregular past tenses in English. Here are the most common irregular verbs in English, with their past tenses:
UseWe use the past tense to talk about: something that happenedonce in the past:Imetmy wife in 1983.Wewentto Spain for our holidays.Theygothome very late last night. something that happenedagain and again in the past:When I was a boy Iwalkeda mile to school every day.Weswama lot while we were on holiday.Chewy alwaysenjoyedvisiting their friends. something that wastrue for some timein the past:Ilivedabroad for ten years.Heenjoyedbeing a student.Sheplayeda lot of tennis when she was younger. we often use phrases withagowith the past tense:Imetmy wife a long timeago.
Questions and negatives We usedidto make questions with the past tense:Whendid you meetyour wife?Wheredid you gofor your holidays?Did she playtennis when she was younger?Did you liveabroad?But look at these questions:Who discovered penicillin?Who wrote Don Quixote?
For more on these questions seequestion formsWe usedidnt(did not) to makenegativeswith the past tense:Theydidnt goto Spain this year.Wedidnt gethome until very late last night.Ididnt seeyou yesterday.
Future simple1. When weknowabout thefuturewe normally use thepresent tense. We use thepresent simplefor somethingscheduledor arranged:We havea lessonnext Monday.Thetrain arrivesat6.30 in the morning.Theholidays startnext week.Itis my birthdaytomorrow. We can use thepresent continuousforplansor arrangements:Im playing footballtomorrow.They are comingto see us tomorrow.Were havinga party at Christmas.
2. We usewillto talk about the future: Han de maquepredictivos:It will bea nice day tomorrow.I thinkBrazil will winthe World Cup.Imp. sureyou will enjoythe film. To meanwantto orbe willing to:I hopeyou will come to my party.George sayshe will helpus. To make offers and promises:I'll seeyou tomorrow.We'll sendyou an email. To talk aboutoffersandpromises:Tim will beat the meeting.Mary will helpwith the cooking.
3. We use(be) going to: To talk aboutplansandintentions:Im going to driveto work today.They are going to moveto Manchester. When we canseethat something islikely to happen:Be careful!You are going to fall.Look at those black clouds. I thinkits going to rain.
4. We often use verbs likewould like,plan,want,mean,hope,expectto talk about the future:What are you going to do next year?Id like to goto University.We plan to goto France for our holidays.Georgewants to buya new car.
5. We usemodalsmay,might, andcouldwhen we arenot sureabout the future:I might stayat home tonight, orI might goto the cinema.We could seeMary at the meeting. She sometimes goes.
6. We can useshouldif we think something islikely to happen:We should behome in time for tea.The game should beover by eight oclock.
7. Clauses withtime words: In clauses with time words likewhen,after, anduntilwe often use apresent tenseformto talk about the future:Ill come homewhen I finishwork.You must wait hereuntil your father comes.They are comingafter they have haddinner.
8. Clauses withif: In clauses withifwe often use apresent tenseform to talk about the future:We wont be able to go outif it rains.If Barcelona wintomorrow they will be champions. WARNING: We do not normally usewillin clauses withifor withtime words:Ill come homewhen Iwillfinish work.We wont be able to go outif itwill rainrains. Butwe can usewillif it means a promise or offer:I will be very happyif you will cometo my party.We should finish the job earlyif George will helpus.
9. We can use thefuture continuousinstead of the present continuous or going tofor emphasis when we are talking about plans, arrangements and intentions:Theyll be comingto see us next week.I will be drivingto work tomorrow.
the times past present and future simple English combine differently, verbs in the third person carry a s, the negative leads the verb do not and interrogative takes the verb do before. In the past tense verbs they are in past and future tense verbs go in future.