a literature process

A Literature Process One You Can Use and Adapt for Any Piece of Literature

Upload: englishtwo2

Post on 28-Oct-2014




1 download




Page 1: A Literature Process

A Literature Process

One You Can Use and Adapt for Any Piece of Literature

Page 2: A Literature Process

5 Steps at a Glance

Page 3: A Literature Process

1. The Big Picture? Why?

The more challenging the piece of literature, the more important it is to get the big picture.

Page 4: A Literature Process

1. What Are Some Big Picture Questions?

• Who are these characters?

• Where are they?

• What are they doing?

• When was this written?

Page 5: A Literature Process

Hmmm, how do I go about

answering these


Page 6: A Literature Process



And don’t forget about BOOKS.

Page 7: A Literature Process

Step One Continued



• Where and When? Learn about the CONTEXT

• What? Make a PLOT MAP or TIMELINE

Page 8: A Literature Process

2. Find a Meaningful Connection

Between what and what

Page 9: A Literature Process



• TEXT TO SELF, including character to self & reading as a writer

• TEXT TO TEXT, including books, films, and your own created texts

• TEXT TO WORLD, or maybe to the universe

Brainstorm LOTS of connections at the beginning-----then focus on a few------

Page 10: A Literature Process

2. About that Connection

Can you transform your connection into a QUESTION that matters to you?

Page 11: A Literature Process

2. Examples

• [pending our class discussion]

Page 12: A Literature Process

3. Read with a Pen

Read what with a pen? And what does that mean exactly?

Page 13: A Literature Process

3. Which Part? How?

It’s especially important to read the BEGINNING closely. Here’s a method for doing that:

A. Print or copy the opening

B. Paraphrase (We’ll talk more about this, but it’s essentially translating the text into your own words.)

C. Figure out how the opening relates to the big picture

D. Ask: Why did the author start here?

Page 14: A Literature Process

3. How Else Do You Choose What To Read


Page 15: A Literature Process

3. Close Reading

• Pivotal scenes or moments

• Interesting scenes or moments

• Character development

• Think of your angle: WHAT’S YOUR GUIDING QUESTION?

• How much time do you have?

Page 16: A Literature Process

3. Reading with a Pen Can Prepare You for Steps

4 & 5In addition to paraphrasing you can:

• Make note of literary elements such as imagery, themes, irony, symbolism, and interesting uses of language---ANALYSIS

• Make note of connections or ideas that could lead you toward a creative project---seeds of CREATION

Page 17: A Literature Process

4. Analysis

This is really just taking a closer look at certain elements of a text—or parts. Your guiding question from Step 2 can help determine what you’ll look at and how.

Page 18: A Literature Process

4. Analyze What?

What interests you most?

• The language?

• A particular character’s transformation?

• The imagery?

• The big issues or questions addressed?

• A connection to another text?

Page 19: A Literature Process


Finally. . .

The KEY here is to remember no one has ever read this literary work precisely the way you are and will and have. You have a unique contribution to make after you finish your reading. The question for you to figure out: What contribution is that?

Page 20: A Literature Process

5. About Creation

Questions to consider:

• What unique skills and interests and knowledge do you bring to the text?

• What interests you most about the text?

• What audience do you imagine being interested in what you might make? High school students? Children? Film-goers? Poetry readers? Game players? Comic-book fans? College lit teachers?

Page 21: A Literature Process

5. What Will You Make?