adjustment the challenge of the workplace finding a career women career development

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  • AdjustmentThe Challenge of the WorkplaceFinding a CareerWomenCareer Development

  • Career Development

  • Motives for WorkingExtrinsic Motives: Motives involving pursuit of external rewards, such as money or approval.

    Intrinsic Motives: Motives involving pursuit of internal goals, such as self-satisfaction.

  • Intrinsic Reasons for Working:The work ethicSelf-identitySelf-fulfillmentSelf-worthSocial values of workSocial Roles

  • Stages of Career DevelopmentFantasyTentative choiceRealistic choiceMaintenanceCareer changeRetirement

    Goal: Maintain flexibility

  • Writing a ResumeWhile standards for resumes have changed, some things have always been the same: be neat and be serious. Show that you are right for the job and dont use the same resume for every position.

  • Writing a ResumeConsider the following parts for your resume:

    HeadingStatement of your job objectiveSummary of your educational background.Summary of your work experience.Personal InformationList of references

  • First impressions and neatness count.Avoid perfume and cologneMaintain direct eye contactLook alert, cooperative and friendlyAnticipate the questions and prepare responsesBe patient, allow the interviewer to give information

    Wowing the Interviewer

  • There are a number of developmental tasks that we undertake when we begin working. Some of these include:

    Transitioning from school to workAccepting responsibility for your jobAccepting subordinate statusGetting along with coworkersFinding a mentorLearning to cope with daily job hassles

    Developmental Tasks

  • Adjustment in the Workplace

  • Job SatisfactionJob Satisfaction: The degree to which workers have positive feelings toward their jobs.

    A Gallup survey found that most workers are somewhat or completely satisfied with jobs.

    40% of Americans view themselves as workaholics. 56% call themselves solid performers. However, fewer than 40% are satisfied with their pay.

    Thus, Americans often see themselves as hardworking, stressed, underpaid and underappreciated.

  • Job SatisfactionJob satisfaction is associated with such factors as opportunity to engage in interesting work, degree of control over work, availability of child-care facilities, and income and fringe benefits.

    Job satisfaction tends to increase with age and income.

  • Job Satisfaction and Age

  • Job Satisfaction and Income

  • What Determines Job Satisfaction?Job satisfaction depends on a variety of factors such as opportunities to garner intrinsic rewards (such as a sense of accomplishment from performing a job well) and extrinsic rewards (such as high salary, bonuses, professional recognition and awards).

    However, job satisfaction also depends upon the qualities that the worker brings to the job, such as personal traits and attributional style.

  • Job Aspects and Satisfaction

  • Enhancing Job SatisfactionIncreased job satisfaction is associated with lower employee turnover and absenteeism. Employers use several methods to both increase productivity and job satisfaction

  • Enhancing Job SatisfactionMethods of increasing satisfaction and productivity:

    Improved recruitment and placementTraining and instructionUnbiased appraisal of performanceGoal settingFinancial compensationWork redesign (quality circles)Work schedules with flextimeIntegration of new technology

  • Work and StressMany factors make work stressful.

    High levels of work stress are associated with increased physical symptoms.

    Organizational stressors include lack of opportunity to participate in decision making, ambiguous policies, low pay and sexism.

    Stress at work also spills over at home, and vice versa.

  • Work and Stress

  • Coping with Job StressBegin with an objective analysis of the workplace to determine if physical conditions help or hinder the quality of life.

    Provide better matches between employees and positions.

    Provide social support for employees.

    Help employees manage stress.

  • BurnoutBurnout: A state of mental and physical exhaustion brought on by overcommitment to work or other responsibilities.

    Warning signs of burnout include: loss of energy, irritability or short temper, stress-related problems such as depression, difficulty concentrating, loss of motivation, lack of satisfaction or feelings of achievement at work, loss of concern about work in someone who has previously committed, feeling that one has nothing left to give.

  • Preventing BurnoutEstablish your prioritiesSet reasonable goalsTake things one day at a timeSet limitsShare your feelingsBuild supportive relationshipsDo things you enjoyTake time for yourselfDont skip vacationsBe attuned to your health

  • Women in the Workplace

  • Why Do Women Work?Women, like men, work to support their families.

    According to a recent poll, wives share about equally with their husbands in supporting their families. Nearly half provide 50% of the family income.

  • Who does the work?Even when moms work, who does the household chores?

  • Earnings GapWomen still only earn about of what men do.

    Why is there a gap?

    Though discrimination plays a role, men tend to gravitate towards higher paying specialties and higher paying academic fields.

    While the gap is narrowing, some sexist attitudes still linger.

  • Reducing the Earnings GapEncourage more realistic career planningProvide employers with accurate information about women in the workplaceHeighten awareness of the importance of the womans career in dual-career marriagesMaintain employment continuity and stabilityIncrease job flexibility and provide child care facilitiesRecruit qualified women into training programs and jobs

  • Sexual HarassmentSexual harassment is one of the common and troubling adjustment problems that women-and sometimes men-face in the workplace.

    Sexual harassment is behavior that consists of deliberate or repeated unsolicited verbal comments, gestures, or physical contact of a sexual nature that is not wanted by the recipient.

    Sexual harassment has more to do with aggressiveness and the abuse of power than with sexual desire.

  • Resisting Sexual HarassmentConvey a professional attitudeDiscourage harassing behavior, and encourage appropriate behaviorAvoid being alone with the harasserKeep a recordTalk with the harasserWrite a letter to the harasserSeek supportFile a complaintSeek legal remedies

  • Finding a Career that Fits

  • Finding a Career that FitsThe work we do is important to us, thus we want to find the correct fit.

    Methods of determining fit include occupational assessments such as the Hollands Vocational Preference Inventory.

    Balance sheets are another helpful method in making personal decisions, such as a career choice.

  • Finding Your Dream JobLondon-Vargas suggests asking yourself the following questions to determine whether your present (or future) position meets both your professional and personal needs:

    Is the job associated with your interests and passions in life?Will the job help you pursue your dreams?Are you passionate about your work?Did you seek out the job, or did you just happen to fall into it?Does your work make you feel like youve accomplished a job well done? Or do you leave work feeling unfulfilled and depressed?

  • To the Instructor:The preceding slides are intended to provide you a base upon which to build your presentation for Chapter 15 of Nevids Psychology and the Challenges of Life.

    For further student and instructor resources including images from the textbook, quizzes, flashcard activities and e-Grade plus, please visit our website:

  • CopyrightCopyright 2004 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, NY. All rights reserved. No part of the material protected by this copyright may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission of the copyright owner.

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