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Advanced searching in CINAHL Prepared by Graham Spooner, July 2009 , The College of Nursing ACN 000106 829 2009 The College of Nursing. This publication is copyright. Except as expressly provided in the Copyright Act (1968) no part of this publication may be reproduced by any means (including electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise) without prior written permission from The College of Nursing.

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Slides from a presentation 17th July 2009 to librarians on advanced features of using the CINAHL database with EBSCOHost platform.

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Page 1: Advanced Cinahl

Advanced searching in CINAHL

Prepared by Graham Spooner, July 2009 , The College of NursingACN 000106 829

2009 The College of Nursing. This publication is copyright. Except as expressly provided in the Copyright Act (1968) no part of this publication may be reproduced by any means (including electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise) without prior written permission from The College of Nursing.

Page 2: Advanced Cinahl

What is “Advanced”?

Today’s session• Ovid versus EBSCO• Boolean (logic and illogic)• Focus pocus• Explosions galore• Outer Limits• Shortcuts

Page 3: Advanced Cinahl

Today’s session - continued

Working with results• Manipulation • Salvation• Personal preferences• Feed me

Tips & tricks

Page 4: Advanced Cinahl

OvidSP versus EBSCOHost

Same:• Mapping turned on • Can choose to search other fields • Limits on display

Page 5: Advanced Cinahl

OvidSP versus EBSCOHost

Similar:• Citation display & linking

Page 6: Advanced Cinahl

OvidSP versus EBSCOHostDifferent:

No automatic subheadings

display during mapping – need

to click on term to display

Page 7: Advanced Cinahl

OvidSP versus EBSCOHost

Subheadings now

available

Page 8: Advanced Cinahl

OvidSP versus EBSCOHostDifferent:

Explode option not

available for terms at bottom

of tree

Page 9: Advanced Cinahl

OvidSP versus EBSCOHostDifferent (and annoying):

Number of articles not listed

Page 10: Advanced Cinahl

Boolean (logic and illogic)• Effective use of “Not”

– Eliminate aspects of a topic not required eg Health Promotion not Australia

Page 11: Advanced Cinahl

Boolean (logic and illogic)• Effective use of “Not”

– Eliminate items you have already browsed

Page 12: Advanced Cinahl

Boolean (logic and illogic)• Effective use of “Or”

– Combine multiple terms before applying “and”

Page 13: Advanced Cinahl

Focus pocus• Applying retrospectively

Page 14: Advanced Cinahl

Focus pocus

Called “Major Concept” in EBSCO

Why would you not narrow/focus too early?• Unsure of number of results – may end up with too

few • If too many - easier to focus after the fact • Can help identify other potential headings

Another example of when the number of articles would be useful during mapping!

Page 15: Advanced Cinahl

Focus pocus• Applying retrospectively

Knowing the number of articles is useful during mapping

Too many? Go back a screen and Focus first in Ovid

Page 16: Advanced Cinahl

Explosions galore• Only appears if narrower terms exist (ie no

tick box if already at the bottom of a tree)• Applying retrospectively – add a plus sign + after the

term

Page 17: Advanced Cinahl

Explosions galore• If narrower terms are available it is a good idea to have

a look – it may be better to go either broader or narrower

Other term(s)

may be more suitable?

Click on + to see further down the tree

Exploding from further up the tree may be a better option?

Page 18: Advanced Cinahl

Explosions galore

A more specific,

narrower term may hit the

spot?

Page 19: Advanced Cinahl

Outer Limits

Many limits on display at

first screen

Page 20: Advanced Cinahl

Outer Limits

Limits available once

sets are created

Click to display

all Limits

Page 21: Advanced Cinahl

Outer Limits

Limits displaye

d

Page 22: Advanced Cinahl

Outer Limits • Maybe best not to try too many at once?• English not as important as in Medline/ Embase, etc• Publication Type is different to Medline & quite useful eg Research, Questionnaire, Cartoon, etc

Page 23: Advanced Cinahl

Shortcuts•

• Subject search

- Unfocussed – mh before term eg mh stroke- Focussed – mm before term eg mm stroke- Explode - + after the term eg mh stoke+- Subheading /xx after the term eg stroke/et

Page 24: Advanced Cinahl

Shortcuts

•Truncation - * at end of term – eg nurs*• Wildcard - ? - within a term eg wom?n• Proximity – nx – eg baby n2 friendly• Field searching – ti, au, etc before term eg ti “baby friendly” or au clarke b*

Page 25: Advanced Cinahl

Working with resultsThe “Folder” – pros & cons• Add to Folder/Remove from Folder less intuitive than ticking a box• Location not obvious for first timers

Page 26: Advanced Cinahl

Working with resultsThe “Folder” – pros & cons• Icons for Print, email, save obvious• Selecting or deleting simple

Page 27: Advanced Cinahl

Working with resultsThe “Folder” – pros & cons• Page estimate useful• Customise fields to print/email/save

Page 28: Advanced Cinahl

Working with resultsThe “Folder” – pros & cons• Saving file options seems better than emailing at College – neater format when sending• Customise Fields for Output also useful

Page 29: Advanced Cinahl

May need to experiment for best format for local

email system

Page 30: Advanced Cinahl

Working with results

Beware

leaving this

option

ticked…

…sends a separate email for each citation with a pdf attached

Page 31: Advanced Cinahl

Saving and alerting

Page 32: Advanced Cinahl
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Personal preferences

Page 39: Advanced Cinahl

Tips and tricks

1. Bypass Mapping and go straight to CINAHL Headings

2. Use “Term contains” or “Term begins with” buttons

3. Browse the terms and select several appropriate ones to build a set – can be more effective than mapping each term

Page 40: Advanced Cinahl

CIHNAHL Headings

Page 41: Advanced Cinahl

More

Page 42: Advanced Cinahl

More – Citation matcher

Page 43: Advanced Cinahl

More – Indexes (Search Fields)

Page 44: Advanced Cinahl

More - Publications• Find out more about the publication – full text coverage, local holdings, indexing period, embargos, etc

• Also easy RSS feed set-up

Page 45: Advanced Cinahl

Tips and tricks

Tried limiting, focus and Boolean and still have thousands of citations?

• Look for keywords in the title only• Re-negotiate with requester – can they refine want they want? • Go back and try subheadings• Quickly browse the set – are there any extra subject terms which can be used to combine? • Limit to full-text and local holdings (be sure to explain pitfalls of this to requester).

Page 46: Advanced Cinahl

Tips and tricksGetting too few citations?

• Re-negotiate with requester – can they expand/broaden or even redefine what they want? • Quickly browse the set – are there any extra subject terms which can be considered? • Remove year limit – maybe there is little recent material on the topic?• Jump to Medline or Embase – some topics are not well covered in nursing/allied health journals• Discuss topic with a colleague – they might recall a good subject heading to try or a similar search that they have attempted in the past• Try ALIAHealth or DoHLib listservs

Page 47: Advanced Cinahl

Tips and tricksAge Groups• Many articles include both children & adult• Limit set to both and then use “not” Boolean operator

Articles dealing with

adults eliminated

Page 48: Advanced Cinahl

Advanced searching in CINAHL

The End

Prepared by Graham Spooner, July 2009 , The College of NursingACN 000106 829

2009 The College of Nursing. This publication is copyright. Except as expressly provided in the Copyright Act (1968) no part of this publication may be reproduced by any means (including electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise) without prior written permission from The College of Nursing.