advanced spoken english

Click here to load reader

Download Advanced Spoken English

Post on 14-Jan-2016

338 views

Category:

Documents

23 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Advanced Spoken English. Phonology Session Linking & Elision. Speaking Portfolio: reminder. My feedback on task two is ready for you on Moodle. Don’t forget to respond to my feedback, especially if I ask you to re-record a few sentences. We will do Task 3 this week. Outcomes. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

TRANSCRIPT

  • *Advanced Spoken EnglishPhonology Session Linking & Elision

  • Speaking Portfolio: reminderMy feedback on task two is ready for you on Moodle. Dont forget to respond to my feedback, especially if I ask you to re-record a few sentences.We will do Task 3 this week.

  • OutcomesUnderstand the concept and significance of linking and elisionIdentify and practise different kinds of linkingIdentify and practise elisionStart work on next Speaking Task

    *

  • Speech UnitWe dont talk in wordsWe talk in pause groupsAlso called phrasal unitsOr speech unitsCan be one word, (oh) can be 3 words How are you?, can be many words. So I was talking with my mum the other day

    *

  • *What happens inside speech units / pause groups?A speech unit is pronounced as if it were ONE BIG WORD How do we achieve this?Intonation over the unitLinking : C-V, V-V, C-CElision of consonants

  • *Why use Linking?Linking helps make the rhythm of speech smooth and flowingWhen we link correctly we are better understood we indicate which words belong togetherWhen we dont link we may suggest that we are upset or angry (English speakers can express this by saying each word separately, slowly & distinctly)

  • *C-V Linking How would you pronounce these words?Came inDish outLaugh aboutGrab itMarch inCarves upNot at allAn old dog

  • *C-V LinkingWhen does it happen? ___C V___What happens? We move the final consonant over to the beginning of the next word.For example:An old dog =a nold dogMarch in=mar chin

  • *C-V Linking Now try to pronounce these wordsCame inDish outLaugh aboutGrab itMarch inCarves upNot at allAn old dog

  • *V-V Linking Say these words. How oftenWe oughtFor better or for worseThey are hereFar awayYou and me

  • *V-V LinkingWhen does it happen? ___V V___What happens?When the first word finishes with round lips, we add /w/When the first word finishes with spread lips, we add /j/When the first word has an unpronounced r, we pronounce the /r/Otherwise we can add an /r/(Do NOT use a glottal stop between words)

  • *V-V Linking Now say these words. How oftenWe oughtFor better or for worseThey are hereFar awayYou and me

  • *C-C Linking Say these phrasesGood boyHit manIn bedThis shopGood girlTin manHave to goDid you?Dont you know?

    (Adrian Underhill, Sound Foundations (1998), MacMillan: Oxford, p.60)

  • *C-C Linking (= assimilation)When does it happen? ___C C___What happens?Your mouth gets ready to say the sound across the word boundary:The sound at the end of the first word may change its place of articulation to that of the next soundOr it may change its voicingThe sounds may fuse into a new one

  • *C-C Linking Now say these phrasesGood boyHit manIn bedThis shopGood girlTin manHave to goDid you?Dont you know?

    (Adrian Underhill, Sound Foundations (1998), MacMillan: Oxford, p.60)

  • *Elision of consonants Try!A dustbin was thrown through the window.We distinguish between dialects and accents.well and then they saidIve always wanted to tell you that.This must be her!

  • *Elision of consonantsWhen does it happen?CCCWhat happens?We delete the middle consonant(not the first or last!)

  • *Elision of consonants Now tryA dustbin was thrown through the window.We distinguish between dialects and accents.well and then they saidIve always wanted to tell you that.This must be her!

  • *We dont link -Where there is a pause ie between Pause Groups! - Linking works inside Pause Groups, pauses separate phrases.Before a word we want to emphasize we focus on a word by stressing it and making it stand out from the other words.

  • *PracticeUse the Linking Worksheet handout. See if you can work out what the words are from the pronunciationWhich rules of linking/ assimilation/ elision have been used?

  • *Now its your timeYou may like to read through the tutorial notes in Connected Speech. Start with Level 1, then level 2, then level 3.Practice linking using Connected Speech (see handout to record your notes/progress).

  • Speaking Task 3Practise saying the poem from Vaughan-Rees (2010), p. 13.Practise with the sound recording, if it helps.Make sure you pronounce all of the links.Record yourself saying this text, and post as your next speaking task.Remember to answer the reflection questions.

    *