advantage 2e (synon 2e) tutorial rel.81

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7/23/2019 Advantage 2E (Synon 2E) Tutorial Rel.81

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]~}kv`hiv4,8

 H??=>6'8N

 Hmqhl}hbn

6N

 

7/23/2019 Advantage 2E (Synon 2E) Tutorial Rel.81

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]d`u mke~gnl}h}`kl hlm vnih}nm ekgp~}nv uka}rhvn pvkbvhg $dnvn`lha}nv vnanvvnm }k hu }dn ’Mke~gnl}h}`kl‗) u akv}dn nlm ~unv‐u lakvgh}`klhi p~vpkunu kli hlm u u~fcne} }k edhlbn kv r`}dmvhrhi f Ekgp~}nv Huuke`h}nu@l}nvlh}`klhi @le, $’EH‗) h} hl }`gn,

]d`u mke~gnl}h}`kl gh lk} fn ekp`nm }vhluanvvnm vnpvkm~enm m`ueikunm kv m~pi`eh}nm l rdkin kv l phv} r`}dk~}}dn pv`kv rv`}}nl eklunl} ka EH, ]d`u mke~gnl}h} kl u pvkpv`n}hv lakvgh}`kl ka EH hlm pvk}ne}nm f }dn ekpv`bd}ihru ka }dn l`}nm U}h}nu hlm l}nvlh}`klhi }vnh}`nu,

Lk}r`}du}hlm`lb }dn akvnbk`lb i`enlunm ~unvu gh pv`l} h vnhuklhfin l~gfnv ka ekp`nu ka }d`u mke~gnl}h}`kl akv}dn`v krl l}nvlhi ~un pvkq`mnm }dh} hii EH ekpv`bd} lk}`enu hlm inbnlmu hvn haa`tnm }k nhed vnpvkm~enm ekp, Klih~}dkv`snm ngpiknnu eklu~i}hl}u kv hbnl}u ka }dn ~unv rdk hvn fk~lm f }dn ekla`mnl}`hi } pvkq`u`klu ka }dni`enlun akv }dn uka}rhvn hvn pnvg`}}nm }k dhqn heenuu }k u~ed ekp`nu,

]d`u v`bd} }k pv`l} ekp`nu `u i`g`}nm }k }dn pnv`km m~v`lb rd`ed }dn i`enlun akv }dn pvkm~e} vngh`lu l a~ii akven hlm

naane}, Udk~im }dn i`enlun }nvg`lh}n akv hl vnhukl } udhii fn }dn ~unv‐u vnupklu`f`i`} }k vn}~vl }k EH }dn vnpvkm~enmekp`nu kv }k env}`a }k EH }dh} uhgn dhqn fnnl mnu}vknm,

]k }dn nt}nl} pnvg`}}nm f hppi`ehfin ihr EH pvkq`mnu }d`u mke~gnl}h} kl ’hu u‗ r`}dk~} rhvvhl} ka hl j`lm`lei~m`lb r`}dk~} i`g`}h} kl hl gpi`nm rhvvhl}`nu ka gnvedhl}hf i`} a`}lnuu akv h phv}`e~ihv p~vpkun kvlkl`lav`lbngnl}, @l lk nqnl} r`ii EH fn i`hfin }k }dn nlm ~unv kv hl }d`vm phv} akv hl ikuu kv mhghbn m`vne} kv`lm`vne} avkg }dn ~un ka }d`u mke~gnl}h} kl lei~m`lb r`}dk~} i`g`}h}`kl iku} pvka`}u f~u`lnuu l}nvv~p}`klbkkmr`ii kv iku} mh}h nqnl a EH u ntpvnuui hmq`unm ka u~ed ikuu kv mhghbn,

]dn ~un ka hl pvkm~e} vnanvnlenm l }d`u mke~gnl}h}`kl hlm }d`u mke~gnl}h}`kl u bkqnvlnm f }dn nlm ~unv‐uhppi`ehfin i`enlun hbvnngnl},

]dn ghl~ahe}~vnv ka }d`u mke~gnl}h}`kl u Ekgp~}nv Huuke`h}nu @l}nvlh}`klhi @le,

_vkq`mnm r`}d ’Vnu}v`e}nm V`bd}u‗ hu un} akv}d l =4 E,A,V, Une}`kl 86,686 =4 E,A,V, Une}`klu >6,662'80$e)$8) hlm $6) kvMAHVU Une}`kl 6>6,662'2?85$e)$8)$` ) kv hppi`ehfin u~eenuukv pvkq`u`klu,

6??= Ekgp~}nv Huuke`h}nu @l}nvlh}`klhi @le,

Hii }vhmnghvju }vhmn lhgnu unvq`en ghvju hlm ikbku vnanvnlenm dnvn`l fniklb }k }dn`v vnupne}`qn ekgphl`nu,

 

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Ekl}nl}u

Edhp}nv 83 Hfk~} }d`u ]~}kv`hi Edhp}nv 6 Mna`l`lb Vnx~`vngnl}u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 8'8 Edhp}nv 5 Mh}h Gkmni`lb ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 8'8 Edhp}nv = Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 8'8 Edhp}nv > Bnlnvh}`lb) Ekgp`i`lb) hlm Ntne~}`lb ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 8'6 Edhp}nv 1 Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 8'6 Edhp}nv 2 Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 8'6 Edhp}nv 4 Vnpkv} A~le}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 8'6 

Vnih}nm @lakvgh}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 8'6 Kqnvq`nr ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 8'6 Bn}}`lb U}hv}nm ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 8'5 Mna`l`lb h Mh}h Gkmni ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 8'5 F~`im`lb Heenuu _h}du ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 8'5 F~`im`lb Hppi`eh}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 8'5 Bnlnvh}`lb hlm @gpingnl}`lb Hppi`eh}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 8'5 

Hmqhl}hbn 6N hlm }dn Hppi`eh}`kl Mnqnikpgnl} I`an Eein ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 8'= _vnvnx~`u`}nu akv ^u`lb Hmqhl}hbn 6N ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 8'> 

Edhp}nv 63 Mna`l`lb Vnx~`vngnl}u @l}vkm~e}`kl }k Mna`l`lb Vnx~`vngnl}u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 6'8 

Vnx~`vngnl}u Mna`l`}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 6'8 

Edhp}nv 53 Mh}h Gkmni`lb 

Mh}h Gkmni ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'8 Kfcne}`qnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'6 @mnl}`a Hppi`eh}`kl Nl}`}`nu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'6 @mnl}`a F~u`lnuu Vnih}`klud`pu Fn}rnnl Nl}`}`nu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'6 @mnl}`a H}}v`f~}nu hlm ^l`x~n @mnl}`a`nvu akv }dn Nl}`}`nu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'5 

Ekl}nl}u ```

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@mnl}`a }dn H}}v`f~}nu akv Nhed Nl}`} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'5 Unine} Nhed Nl}`}‐u ^l`x~n @mnl}`a`nv,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'> Lkvghi`sn }dn Nl}`}`nu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'2 Bnlnvhi`sn }dn Nl}`}`nu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'0 Hmqhl}hbn 6N Mh}h Gkmni M`hbvhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'8? Hmqhl}hbn 6N Vnih}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'8? Kfcne}`qnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'88 Kqnvq`nr ka Hmqhl}hbn 6N Vnih}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'88 ]dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu _hlni ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'86 Nl}nv`lb Vnih}`kl U}h}ngnl}u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'86 Qhi`mh}`kl ka Vnih}`kl U}h}ngnl}u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'8= Mna`l`lb Kfcne}u,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'8> Upne`a`lb Kfcne} H}}v`f~}nu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'8> A`in Nl}v`nu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'82 A`in Nl}v`nu akv EK^VUN

,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

5'82 A`in Nl}v`nu akv VHEN ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'84 Hmm`lb Gkvn Vnih}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'6? Mneihv`lb Gkvn A`inu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'6? Mna`l`lb Kfcne}u,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'68 A`in H}}v`f~}nu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'68 Mnin}`lb Vnih}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'66 Mke~gnl}`lb Vnih}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'66 

A`nim Mn}h`iu hlm Eklm`}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'65 Kfcne}`qnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'65 Kqnvq`nr ka A`nim Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'65 Kqnvq`nr ka A`nim Eklm`}`klu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'6= A`nim Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'6= A`nim Mn}h`i M`upih akv Dkvun Bnlmnv,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'6= A`nim Eklm`}`klu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'6> Hmm`lb h A`nim Eklm`}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'6> A`nim Eklm`}`kl Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'62 Hmm`lb A`nim Eklm`}`kl Mn}h`i,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'62 Hmm`lb Hlk}dnv Eklm`}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'62 Q`nr`lb A`nim Eklm`}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'64 Upne`a`lb h Ednej Eklm`}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'60 Ntnve`unu

,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

5'5? 

M`upih`lb Unine}nm Vnih}`klu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'58 Nt}nlm`lb Vnih}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'56 

Kfcne}`qnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'56 Kqnvq`nr ka Vnih}`kl Nt}nlu`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'55 @lqki~}`kl hlm }dn Dkvun _nm`bvnnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'55 

`q ]~}kv`hi

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Hmm`lb Gkvn Vnih}`klu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'5= Unx~nlen ka Vnih}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'5= Nt}nlm`lb Vnih}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'5> Nt}nlmnm Vnih}`klu akv DKVUN A`in ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'51 Nthgpin Udkr`lb ^un ka }dn Udhv`lb A`nim ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'52 Hmm`lb Mn}h`iu ka Nt}nlmnm Vnih}`klu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'52 A`nim Nl}v`nu akv DKVUN ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'52 Huu`bl`lb ^l`x~n Lhgnu }k A`nim Nl}v`nu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'50 Udkr`lb hlm D`m`lb Vnih}`kl Nt}nlu`kl I`lnu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'50 

Q`v}~hi A`nimu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'=? Kqnvq`nr ka Q`v}~hi A`nimu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'=? Upne`a`lb Q`v}~hi A`nimu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'=? Q`v}~hi A`nimu akv Mn}h`iu ka h Dkvun‐u Mhg hlm U`vn ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'=8 Unx~nlen ka Vnih}`klu hlm Q`v}~hi A`nimu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'=8 Hmm`lb Q`v}~hi A`nimu

,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

5'=6 Q`v}~hi A`nim Nl}v`nu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'=6 Unine}`lb Q`v}~hi A`nimu akv Mhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'=6 Ekla`vg`lb Q`v}~hi A`nimu akv Mhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'=5 Hmm`lb Gkvn Q`v}~hi A`nimu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'== Unine}`lb Q`v}~hi A`nimu akv U`vn ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'== Ekla`vg`lb Q`v}~hi A`nimu akv U`vn ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'=> A`in Nl}v`nu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'=1 Vnlhg`lb A`nimu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'=2 A`nim Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'=2 Nl}nv`lb h Lnr A`nim Lhgn,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'=4 A`nim Mn}h`iu Ha}nv Vnlhg`lb,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'=0 Vnlhg`lb K}dnv A`nimu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'=0 Ntnve`un ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'=0 M`upih`lb A`in Nl}v`nu Hbh`l ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'>? Hmm`lb Q`v}~hi A`nimu akv }dn Vhen hlm Vhen Nl}v A`inu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'>? Hmm`lb Gkvn Q`v}~hi Nl}v`nu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'>8 Ntnve`un ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'>6 

Hmqhl}hbn 6N Heenuu _h}du,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'>6 Kfcne}`qnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'>5 Kqnvq`nr ka Heenuu _h}du,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'>5 Mnah~i} Heenuu _h}du

,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

5'>= 

Q`nr Mnah~i} Heenuu _h}du akv EK^VUN,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'>= Heenuu _h}du akv }dn DKVUN A`in ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'>1 Hmm`lb Q`v}~hi A`nimu }k }dn Vn}v`nqhi Heenuu _h}d ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'>1 Hmm`lb Lnr Heenuu _h}du akv DKVUN ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'1? Ekla`vg`lb Hmm`}`kl ka Heenuu _h}du ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'1? 

Ekl}nl}u q

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Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'18 Unine}+Kg`} Un}u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'16 U}h}`e hlm Mlhg`e Unine}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'16 Unine}`kl Eklm`}`klu akv }dn Ghvnu Heenuu _h}d,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'16 Unine}+Kg`} Un} akv Ghvnu Heenuu _h}d ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'15 Upne`a`lb }dn Eklm`}`klu akv }dn Unine}+Kg`} Un} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'1> Unine}`kl Heenuu _h}d akv U}hii`klu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'1> Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'11 Lhg`lb }dn Unine}+Kg`} Un} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'12 Upne`a`lb Eklm`}`klu akv }dn Heenuu _h}d ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'12 Heenuu _h}d Vnih}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'14 Gkm`a`lb }dn Mnah~i} V]Q Heenuu _h}d akv DKVUN ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'14 M`upih`lb Heenuu _h}d Vnih}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'10 Heenuu _h}d Vnih}`klu akv }dn Vn}v`nqhi @lmnt,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'2? @lqki~}`kl hlm Heenuu _h}d Vnih}`klu

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5'2? Edhlb`lb h Vnanvnlenm Heenuu _h}d ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'2? Unine}`lb hl Heenuu _h}d akv Ghvnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'28 Unine}`lb hl Heenuu _h}d akv U}hii`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 5'28 

Edhp}nv =3 Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu @l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8 

Kfcne}`qnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='6 Kqnvq`nr ka A~le}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='6 Mnah~i} A~le}`klu

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='5 

Mnah~i} Nt}nvlhi A~le}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='5 Mnah~i} @l}nvlhi A~le}`klu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='= Mna`l`lb Nm`} Ek~vun hlm Unine} Ek~vun ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='= M`upih`lb Mnah~i} A~le}`klu Akv DKVUN ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='> Hmm`lb A~le}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='1 Unine} Ghvnu hlm Unine} U}hii`klu A~le}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='1 Evnh}`lb Lnr A~le}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='2 ^lmnvu}hlm`lb A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='2 M`upih`lb A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='4 

Mnq`en Mnu`blu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='0 Kqnvq`nr ka Mnq`en Mnu`blu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='0 M`upih`lb }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl akv Nm`} Dkvun ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8? Mnah~i} Mnq`en Mnu`bl Akvgh}u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='88 Mnu`bl U}hlmhvmu hlm U~fa`in Unine}kv Kp}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='88 U~fa`in Ekl}vki Mnah~i},,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='86 U~fa`in Vnekvm Mnah~i} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='86 

q` ]~}kv`hi

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M`upih`lb }dn Vnu} ka }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='86 Nm`}`lb }dn Mnah~i} Mnq`en Mnu`bl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8= Vnm~e`lb }dn R`m}d ka }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl Ihk~} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8> Akim`lb }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl Ihk~} Hbh`l,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='81 _hlni Akvgh} Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='81 Nm`} Uevnnl Akvgh} Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='82 Nm`}`lb }dn _hlni Akvgh} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='82 Naane} ka Uevnnl Akvgh} Edhlbnu kl Mnq`en Mnu`bl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='80 Udkv}nl`lb A`nim Ihfniu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='80 Udkv}nl`lb A`nim Ihfni akv Mhg Dkvun Ekmn ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='68 Udkv}nl`lb A`nim Ihfni akv U`vn Dkvun Ekmn,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='68 Vngkq`lb A`nim Ihfniu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='66 Vngkq`lb A`nim Ihfni akv Mhg Lhgn ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='65 Vngkq`lb A`nim Ihfni akv U`vn Lhgn,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='65 Enl}nv`lb h A`nim r`}d Vnupne} }k `}u Ihfni

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='6> Gkq`lb A`nimu }k V`bd} hlm Ina} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='61 ^u`lb A~le}`kl Jnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='61 ^u`lb }dn Nm`} Uevnnl Nl}v Mn}h`iu _hlni ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='62 Hmc~u}`lb }dn Ihfni Uphe`lb ka }dn Mhg A`nim ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='64 Gkm`a`nm _hlni ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='60 Kp}`klhi Ntnve`un ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='5? _hlni Akvgh} Vnih}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='5? Nm`}`lb _hlni Akvgh} Vnih}`klu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='58 Ekgpin}nm Mnq`en Mnu`bl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='56 Nt`}`lb }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='55 Nt`} A~le}`kl Mna`l`}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='55 A~le}`kl Ekla`vgh}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='5= R`lmkr Mnq`en Mnu`bl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='5= @lqkj`lb }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='5> Mnah~i} Mnq`en Mnu`bl akv Unine} Dkvun,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='5> D`m`lb A`nimu `l }dn U~fa`in Vnekvm Akvgh} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='51 Gkm`a`nm U~fa`in Ekl}vki Akvgh} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='52 Ntnve`un ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='54 R`lmkr Kp}`klu Nm`}kv ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='54 Edhlb`lb R`lmkr M`gnlu`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='50 Ekgpin}nm Mnq`en Mnu`bl

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='=? 

Nt`}`lb }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='=8 Ntnve`unu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='=8 

He}`kl M`hbvhgu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='=6 Kqnvq`nr ka He}`kl M`hbvhgu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='=6 Mnah~i} He}`kl M`hbvhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='== 

Ekl}nl}u q``

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D`mmnl Eklu}v~e}u hlm ^unv _k`l}u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='=> Nm`} Dkvun He}`kl M`hbvhg,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='=> M`upih`lb D`mmnl Eklu}v~e}u `l h He}`kl M`hbvhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='=> Hmm`lb Nt}vh Qhi`mh}`kl }k Nm`} Dkvun ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='=1 ]dn _vkenuu Vnupklun Eklu}v~e} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='=2 ]dn _vkenuu Uevnnl Eklu}v~e} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='=2 ]dn Qhi`mh}n U~fa`in Vnekvm Eklu}v~e},,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='=4 Hmm`lb h Qhi`mh}`kl _vkenm~vn ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='=0 U~fa`in Vnekvm Vnih}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='>? Nm`}`lb }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='>? Nm`}`lb }dn Nm`} Dkvun He}`kl M`hbvhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='>6 @lunv}`lb h Eklm`}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='>5 @lunv}`lb h U`lbin He}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='>5 Hmm`lb Hlk}dnv Eklm`}`kl f Ekp`lb ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='>= Upne`a`lb Mn}h`iu ka Eklm`}`klu

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='>> ]dn Nm`} He}`kl Eklm`}`kl R`lmkr ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='>1 Ekl}nt}u,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='>1 Hmm`lb Mn}h`iu ka }dn A`vu} Eklm`}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='>1 Hmm`lb }dn Uneklm Eklm`}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='>2 Hmm`lb Mn}h`iu ka }dn Uneklm Eklm`}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='>4 Hmm`lb He}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='>4 Nt`}`lb }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='>0 Gnuuhbn A~le}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='18 M`upih`lb }dn Gnuuhbn A~le}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='16 Hmm`lb h Lnr Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='16 Mna`l`lb _hvhgn}nvu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='15 Upne`a`lb _hvhgn}nvu akv }dn A`vu} Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='1= Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='1> Hmm`lb ]nt} }k }dn A`vu} Gnuuhbn ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='11 Vn}~vl`lb }k }dn Nm`} Dkvun He}`kl M`hbvhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='11 M`upih`lb ^unv _k`l}u akv Nm`} Dkvun ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='14 Hmm He}`kl akv A`vu} Eklm`}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='10 ]dn Nm`} He}`kl A~le}`kl Lhgn _hlni ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='10 Gnuuhbn A~le}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='2? M`upih`lb }dn Gnuuhbn A~le}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='2? Unine}`lb h Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl

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='28 

A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu akv }dn A`vu} He}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='26 He}`kl M`hbvhg r`}d }dn A`vu} He}`kl Mna`lnm,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='26 Mna`l`lb }dn Uneklm He}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='26 Hmm`lb }dn Uneklm Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='2= Mn}h`iu ka }dn Uneklm Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='2= 

q``` ]~}kv`hi

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Mna`l`lb _hvhgn}nvu akv }dn Uneklm Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='2> Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='21 Hmm`lb Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl ]nt},,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='22 Unine}`lb }dn Uneklm Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='22 Vn}~vl`lb }k }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='24 Ekgpin}nm He}`kl M`hbvhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='24 Nt`}`lb }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='20 

A~le}`kl Kp}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='4? Kfcne}`qnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='4? Heenuu`lb }dn A~le}`kl Kp}`klu _hlni,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='4? Mnah~i} A~le}`kl Kp}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='48 Edhlb`lb A~le}`kl Kp}`klu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='46 

I`lj`lb A~le}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='45 Kfcne}`qnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='45 U}npu Vnx~`vnm }k I`lj A~le}`klu

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='4= Gkm`a`lb }dn Nm`} Dkvun He}`kl M`hbvhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='4= Kf}h`l`lb }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg ^unv _k`l}u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='41 Hmm`lb h Lnr EHUN Eklu}v~e} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='41 @lunv}`lb h Eklm`}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='42 Nl}nv`lb }dn Eklm`}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='42 Nl}nv`lb }dn Eklm`}`kl Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='44 Unine}`lb }dn Skkg%8 Eklm`}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='44 Upne`a`lb h A~le}`kl hu }dn He}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='40 Lhg`lb }dn A~le}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='0? Unine}`lb h A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='0? Evnh}`lb }dn Lnr A~le}`kl hlm Heenuu _h}d ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='0? Unine}`lb hl Heenuu _h}d ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='08 Evnh}`lb h Lnr Heenuu _h}d ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='08 Upne`a`lb }dn Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='05 Mna`l`lb }dn Heenuu _h}d Jn ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='05 Unine}`lb }dn Heenuu _h}d ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='0= 

A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='0= Kfcne}`qnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='0> ^lmnvu}hlm`lb _hvhgn}nv ^uhbn hlm Vkin ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='0> Upne`a`lb A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='01 Mna`l`lb A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

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='02 

Upne`a`lb _hvhgn}nvu ^u`lb hl Heenuu _h}d,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='02 Mna`l`lb _hvhgn}nv Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='04 Ekgpin}`lb }dn _hvhgn}nv Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='00 Unine}`lb }dn Lnr A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='00 Vn}~vl`lb }k }dn Nm`} He}`kl ' A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu R`lmkr ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8?? 

Ekl}nl}u `t

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U~ppvnuu`lb }dn Ekla`vg _vkgp} hlm A`in ^pmh}n ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8?8 @lunv}`lb #GKQN hu hl He}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8?6 Upne`a`lb _hvhgn}nvu akv }dn #GKQN A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8?6 Upne`a`lb Mnanv Ekla`vg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8?5 Vnikhm U~fa`in,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8?5 Upne`a`lb Vnikhm U~fa`in ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8?= ]dn Ekgpin}nm He}`kl M`hbvhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8?> Uhq`lb }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8?> ^pmh}`lb }dn Nm`} Dkvun A~le}`kl‐u He}`kl Fhv,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8?1 ^pmh}`lb }dn Nm`} Dkvun _hlni‐u Skkg He}`kl ]nt} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8?1 Rkvj`lb r`}d }dn Unine}kv Edk`en ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8?2 Gkm`a`lb hl He}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8?4 Edhlb`lb }dn He}`kl ]nt} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8?4 Udkr`lb }dn Lnr He}`kl ]nt} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='8?0 Nt`}`lb }dn He}`kl Fhv Nm`}kv

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='88? Nt`}`lb }dn Gkm`a`nm _hlni ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='88? Uhq`lb }dn Gkm`a`nm _hlni,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='888 Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu _hlni ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='886 Ntnve`un ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ='886 

Edhp}nv >3 Bnlnvh}`lb) Ekgp`i`lb) hlm Ntne~}`lb @gpingnl}`lb Heenuu _h}du hlm A~le}`klu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'8 

Kfcne}`qnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'8 Kqnvq`nr ka @gpingnl}h}`kl

,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

>'6 

Uk~ven Bnlnvh}`kl hlm Ekgp`ih}`kl ka Heenuu _h}du hlm A~le}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'6 M`upih hii Heenuu _h}du akv Unine}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'6 Unine}`lb Hii Heenuu _h}du akv Fh}ed Bnlnvh}`kl hlm Ekgp`ih}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'5 Ekgpin}`lb }dn Vnx~nu},,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'= M`upih hii A~le}`klu akv Unine}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'> Unine}`lb Hii Nt}nvlhi A~le}`klu akv Fh}ed Bnlnvh}`kl hlm Ekgp`ih}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'> Ekgpin}`lb }dn Vnx~nu},,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'2 U~fg`} Fh}ed Bnlnvh}`kl hlm Evnh}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'2 Bnlnvh}`lb hlm Evnh}`lb Kfcne}u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'2 I`u} ka Kfcne}u }k fn Bnlnvh}nm hlm Evnh}nm ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'4 Ekla`vg`lb }dn Ckf I`u} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'8? U~eenuua~i U~fg`} akv Bnlnvh}`kl hlm Ekgp`ih}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'8? Nthg`l`lb }dn Ckf I`u} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'88 Eklqnv}`lb Eklm`}`kl Qhi~nu }k h Mh}hfhun A`in ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'86 PEQ]ELMQHI Ekgghlm _vkgp} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'85 Ekla`vg`lb Eklqnvu`kl ka Eklm`}`kl Qhi~nu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'8= 

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Nt`}`lb }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N Mnu`bl Gkmni ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'8> Vnuledvkl`s`lb hl Hmqhl}hbn 6N Mnu`bl Gkmni ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'8> 

Ntne~}`lb hlm ]nu}`lb Ekgp`inm _vkbvhgu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'81 Ehii`lb }dn _vkbvhg,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'81 ]dn Nm`} Dkvun A~le}`kl _hlni ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'82 Hmm`lb Mh}h }k }dn DKVUN A`in ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'84 Ekla`vg`lb Mh}h Nl}v`nu akv }dn Dkvun A`in ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'80 Ur`}ed`lb avkg Lnr }k Kpnl Gkmn ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'6? Nt`}`lb }dn Nm`} Dkvun _vkbvhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'68 Ntnve`unu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, >'68 

Edhp}nv 13 Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl Hppi`eh}`kl Gh`l}nlhlen ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'8 Hl`gh}`lb hl @l}nvhe}`qn Mnq`en Mnu`bl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'6 

Kqnvq`nr ka Hmqhl}hbn 6N Hl`gh}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'6 Hl`gh}n }dn Nm`} Dkvun Mnq`en Mnu`bl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'5 Hl`gh}n A~le}`klu _hlni ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'= Hl`gh}`lb Nm`} Dkvun ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'= Nl}nv`lb Uhgpin Mh}h akv Nm`} Dkvun,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'> Nm`}`lb hlm Gh`l}h`l`lb G~i}`pin A~le}`klu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'1 Kpnl A~le}`klu _hlni ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'2 Hl`gh}`lb }dn M`upih Vhe`lb Vnu~i}u A~le}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'4 Eklqnv}`lb Ekgghlm Jn Lhq`bh}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'0 Rkvj`lb r`}d =?? ]kkij`} _hlni Mnu`blu

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1'0 

=?? ]kkij`} Ekgghlm Jn Lhq`bh}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'8? Vnhuu`bl`lb h Ekgghlm Jn `l =?? ]kkij`} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'88 Un}}`lb ^p He}`kl Fhv Lhq`bh}`kl akv Nm`} Dkvun,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'85 Huu`bl`lb He}`kl Fhv Lhq`bh}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'8= ]nu}`lb }dn A~le}`kl I`lj,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'82 Hl`gh}`lb Nm`} Dkvun ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'84 He}`qh}n }dn He}`kl Fhv ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'80 M`upih Vhe`lb Vnu~i}u _hlni Mnu`bl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'6? Nt`}`lb Fk}d A~le}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'68 

Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'66 Kfcne}`qnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'66 Kqnvq`nr ka Gkmni Kfcne}u hlm Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'66 Nm`}`lb Pk~v Unuu`kl I`u} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'6= Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} _hlni ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'6= Q`nr`lb Gkmni Kfcne} ]pnu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'6> I`u} Nl}v M`aanvu avkg Gkmni Kfcne},,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'6> 

Ekl}nl}u t`

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_ku`}`kl`lb h Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'62 Vn}~vl`lb }k }dn ]kp ka }dn I`u} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'60 Q`nr`lb h U~fun} ka h Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'60 Kpnl`lb G~i}`pin A~le}`klu h} Kln ]`gn ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'58 Rkvj`lb r`}d Kpnl A~le}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'56 M`upih`lb }dn ^lu~fun}}nm Gkmni I`u},,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'55 Nm`}`lb Gkmni Kfcne}u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'55 Ntnve`un ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'5= Nm`}`lb Eklm`}`klu akv Nl}v U}h}~u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'5= Ntnve`un ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'5> M`upih`lb }dn ^lu~fun}}nm Gkmni I`u},,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'5> Nm`}`lb Vnih}`klu hlm Evnh}`lb Kfcne}u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'5> Mnin}`lb h Gkmni I`u} Nl}v ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'52 Hii Kfcne}u I`u} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'54 Heenuu`lb }dn Hii Kfcne}u I`u}

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1'54 Dkr #HIIKFC hlm Gkmni I`u}u M`aanv ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'50 M`upih`lb Hi}nvlh}n Q`nru ka Mn}h`i @lakvgh}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'=? Ntnve`un ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'=? Vnu}kv`lb }dn Mnin}nm Unuu`kl I`u} Nl}v ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'=? Heenuu`lb K}dnv Gkmni I`u}u,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'=8 Vn}~vl`lb }k Pk~v Unuu`kl I`u} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'=8 Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'=6 

A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'=5 Kfcne}`qnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'== Kqnvq`nr ka Qnvu`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'== ^u`lb Qnvu`klu }k ^pmh}n hl Nt`u}`lb A~le}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'=> Heenuu`lb }dn Unuu`kl I`u} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'=1 _ku`}`kl`lb }k }dn Nm`} Dkvun ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'=2 Evnh}`lb h Qnvu`kl akv Nm`} Dkvun ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'=4 Rkvj`lb r`}d Qnvu`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'=4 Lhg`lb }dn Qnvu`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'=0 @gpingnl}h}`kl Lhgn akv }dn Lnr Qnvu`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'>? Nm`}`lb }dn Lnr A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'>? @lunv}`lb h Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'>6 Upne`a`lb h _hvhgn}nv akv }dn Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'>5 Nm`}`lb }dn Gnuuhbn ]nt}

,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

1'>= 

^u`lb h U~fu}`}~}`kl Qhv`hfin,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'>> Unine}`lb }dn Lnr Gnuuhbn ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'>1 Ednej`lb }dn Mnah~i} _hvhgn}nvu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'>2 Vn}~vl`lb }k }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'>4 U~fg`}}`lb }dn A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl akv Bnlnvh}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'>4 

t`` ]~}kv`hi

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Q`nr`lb Ckf I`u} Ekgghlmu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'>0 M`upih`lb Hi}nvlh}n Q`nru ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'1? ]nu}`lb Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'18 Ekgphv`lb ]rk Qnvu`klu ka h A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'16 Nl}nv`lb _hvhgn}nvu akv PEG_GMIKFC ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'16 Q`nr`lb M`aanvnlenu fn}rnnl Qnvu`klu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'15 Ghj`lb }dn Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8 E~vvnl} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'1= Lhg`lb }dn Lnr E~vvnl} Qnvu`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'1> Vnbnlnvh}`lb }dn Lnr E~vvnl} Qnvu`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'12 Ntnve`un ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'12 Q`nr`lb Gkmni Kfcne} @lakvgh}`kl akv }dn Qnvu`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'12 Vnavnud`lb I`u} Nl}v`nu akv }dn Qnvu`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'10 Ntnve`un ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'2? 

Gkmni Kfcne} Evkuu Vnanvnlenu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'2? Kfcne}`qnu

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1'2? Kqnvq`nr ka Gkmni Kfcne} Evkuu Vnanvnlenu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'2? Gkmni Kfcne} ^uhbnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'28 Heenuu`lb Pk~v Unuu`kl I`u},,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'28 M`upih Gkmni ^uhbnu _hlni ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'26 ^uhbn Vnhukl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'25 Ntnve`un ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'2= ^u`lb ^uhbn Inqniu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'2= Nt`}`lb Gkmni ^uhbnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'2> Gkmni Kfcne} Vnanvnlenu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'2> Heenuu`lb }dn #HIIKFC I`u},,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'2> _ku`}`kl`lb #HIIKFC }k hl @gpingnl}h}`kl Lhgn ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'2> M`upih`lb Vnanvnlenu akv Nm`} Dkvun ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'21 M`upih Gkmni Vnanvnlenu _hlni,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'22 M`upih`lb Kli Nt}nvlhi A~le}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'24 Evnh}`lb h Gkmni I`u} ka }dn Vnanvnlenu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'20 Lhg`lb }dn I`u} ka Vnanvnlenu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'20 ^u`lb }dn I`u} ka Vnanvnlenu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'4? Nt`}`lb M`upih Gkmni Vnanvnlenu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'4? Vnm`upih Pk~v Unuu`kl I`u},,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'4? 

@gphe} Hlhiu`u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'4? Kfcne}`qnu

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1'48 

Kqnvq`nr ka @gphe} Hlhiu`u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'48 Edhlbn ]pn ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'48 U`g~ih}`lb h Edhlbn }k h Gkmni Kfcne} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'46 _ku`}`kl`lb }dn I`u} }k Ek~vun Ekmn,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'46 _ku`}`kl`lb }dn ^uhbnu }k Ek~vun Ekmn,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'45 

Ekl}nl}u t```

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U`g~ih}`lb h #_^FI@E Edhlbn,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'4= @l}nvpvn}`lb }dn Vnu~i}u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'4> Eklqnv}`lb }dn U`g~ih}`kl ^uhbnu }k h I`u} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'4> Kp}`klhi Ntnve`un,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'41 Ekgpklnl} Edhlbn _vkenuu`lb ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'41 Heenuu`lb Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1'41 

Edhp}nv 23 Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'8 

Kfcne}`qnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'8 Kqnvq`nr,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'8 Kqnvq`nr ka _vkenuu`lb U}npu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'6 Nl}nv`lb Pk~v Mnu`bl Gkmni ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'6 Evnh}`lb h Uphl Heenuu _h}d ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'5 Mna`l`lb }dn Uphl Heenuu _h}d ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'= Nl}nv`lb }dn Heenuu _h}d Akvgh}u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'= Unine}`lb }dn A`vu} Heenuu _h}d Akvgh} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'> Ekla`vg`lb Unine}`kl ka }dn A`vu} Akvgh},,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'1 Upne`a`lb }dn Uneklm Akvgh} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'1 Hmm`lb Q`v}~hi A`nimu }k }dn Heenuu _h}d Akvgh}u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'2 Mn}h`iu akv }dn A`vu} Heenuu _h}d Akvgh},,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'8? Upne`a`lb }dn Jn akv }dn A`vu} Heenuu _h}d Akvgh},,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'8? Mn}h`iu akv }dn Uneklm Heenuu _h}d Akvgh} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'88 Vnx~nu}`lb Fh}ed Bnlnvh}`kl ka }dn U_L Heenuu _h}d

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2'86 

]dn Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'85 Kfcne}`qnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'85 Mna`l`lb }dn Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'85 ]dn Mnah~i} Mnq`en Mnu`bl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'8= ]dn Gkm`a`nm Mnq`en Mnu`bl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'8> Mna`l`lb Kp}`klhi Nl}v A`nimu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'8> 

@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'84 Kfcne}`qnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'84 Kqnvq`nr ka A~le}`kl A`nimu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'84 Hmm`lb A~le}`kl A`nimu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'84 Lhg`lb }dn A~le}`kl A`nim ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'80 M`upih`lb Nt`u}`lb A`nimu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'6? Mna`l`lb ]rk Lnr A~le}`kl A`nimu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'6? Kqnvv`m`lb }dn A`nim Mnah~i}u,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'68 M`upih`lb }dn A~le}`kl A`nimu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'66 Mna`l`lb A~le}`kl A`nim _hvhgn}nvu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'66 

t`q ]~}kv`hi

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Unine}`lb }dn A~le}`kl A`nim ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'6= Heenp}`lb }dn _hvhgn}nvu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'6= ]dn Gkm`a`nm Mnq`en Mnu`bl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'6> Mna`l`lb h A~le}`kl A`nim He}`kl M`hbvhg,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'61 Hmm`lb h EHUN Eklu}v~e} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'64 Hmm`lb hl He}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'60 Hmm`lb h Uneklm Eklm`}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'5? Hmm`lb h Uneklm He}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'5? Mna`l`lb }dn Eklm`}`klu hlm He}`klu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'58 Upne`a`lb }dn A`vu} Eklm`}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'58 Mna`l`lb A`nim Eklm`}`klu akv }dn U}h}~u A`nim ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'56 Upne`a`lb }dn A`vu} He}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'55 Upne`a`lb }dn Uneklm Eklm`}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'5= Mna`l`lb }dn Uneklm He}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'5> Ekgpin}n He}`kl M`hbvhg

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2'51 Vn}~vl`lb }k }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'54 Hmm`lb }dn Uneklm A~le}`kl A`nim ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'54 Upne`a`lb }dn Uneklm A~le}`kl A`nim ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'50 Mna`l`lb _hvhgn}nvu akv }dn Lk, ka a`l`udnvu A~le}`kl A`nim ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'50 ]dn Hmmnm A~le}`kl A`nim ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'=? Vnhmc~u}`lb }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'=8 Nt`}`lb }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'=6 U~fg`}}`lb }dn A~le}`kl akv Bnlnvh}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'=6 Ntnve`unu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2'== 

Edhp}nv 43 Vnpkv} A~le}`klu @l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'8 

Kfcne}`qnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'6 Mna`l`lb }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'6 Upne`a`lb h Lnr Heenuu _h}d,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'5 Hmm`lb Q`v}~hi Nl}v`nu }k }dn Heenuu _h}d ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'5 Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'> Upne`a`lb Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'> ]dn Lnr Jn Kvmnv,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'> Bnlnvh}`lb hlm Ekgp`i`lb }dn Lnr Heenuu _h}d,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'1 Unine}`lb }dn Heenuu _h}d ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'2 ]dn Vnpkv} Mnu`bl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'2 ]dn Mnah~i} Vnpkv} Ihk~},,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'4 M`upih`lb }dn Vnpkv} Akvgh}u ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'0 Mvkpp`lb Akvgh}u avkg h Vnpkv} Mnu`bl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'8? 

Ekl}nl}u tq

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Hmm`lb A~le}`kl A`nimu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'8? M`upih`lb Nt`u}`lb A~le}`kl A`nimu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'86 Mna`l`lb Lnr A~le}`kl A`nimu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'85 Upne`a`lb A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'8= ]dn Mnah~i} _hvhgn}nvu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'8= Unine}`lb }dn A~le}`kl A`nimu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'8> Ekla`vg`lb }dn A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'81 Hmm`lb }dn ]k}hi L~gfnv ka Dkvunu A~le}`kl A`nim,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'81 Ekla`vg`lb }dn _hvhgn}nvu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'84 Ntnve`un ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'84 ]dn Vnpkv} Mnu`bl r`}d A~le}`kl A`nimu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'84 Ekgpin}`lb }dn Vnpkv},,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'80 ]dn Gkm`a`nm Vnpkv} Mnq`en Mnu`bl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'6? ]dn Ekgpin}nm Vnpkv} Ihk~},,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'68 Uhq`lb }dn Vnpkv} Mnq`en Mnu`bl

,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

4'66 Bnlnvh}`lb hlm Ekgp`i`lb }dn A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'66 V~ll`lb Pk~v _vkbvhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'66 

@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'65 Kfcne}`qnu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'65 Mna`l`lb }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'6= Hmm`lb h _v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu A~le}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'6= Upne`a`lb h X~nv Heenuu _h}d,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'6> M`upih`lb }dn Heenuu _h}d Akvgh} Nl}v`nu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'61 Upne`a`lb hl Hi}nvlh}`qn Jn ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'62 Ekgp`i`lb }dn XVP Heenuu _h}d ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'64 Unine}`lb }dn Heenuu _h}d akv }dn A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'64 M`upih`lb }dn Vnpkv} Mnq`en Mnu`bl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'60 ]dn Mnah~i} Vnpkv} Mnq`en Mnu`bl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'60 Ntnve`un ' ^pmh}`lb }dn Vnpkv} Ihk~} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'5? Nt`}`lb }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'58 Ekgf`l`lb }dn Vnpkv} A~le}`klu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'58 Ngfnmm`lb }dn _v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'56 Unine}`lb }dn _V]KFC A~le}`kl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'55 ]dn Gkm`a`nm Mnq`en U}v~e}~vn ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'5= Uhq`lb }dn Mnq`en U}v~e}~vn ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'5= M`upih`lb }dn Vnpkv} Mnq`en Mnu`bl

,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

4'5> 

]dn Lnr Vnpkv} Mnq`en Mnu`bl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'5> Q`nr }dn Vnu} ka }dn Vnpkv} Mnq`en Mnu`bl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'51 Gkm`a`lb }dn Ekgf`lnm Vnpkv} Mnq`en Mnu`bl ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'51 Upne`a`lb _hvhgn}nvu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'52 Nm`}`lb }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'54 

tq` ]~}kv`hi

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]dn _v`l} Mn}h`iu Eklu}v~e} ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'50 Nm`}`lb }dn _v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu A~le}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'50 ]dn He}`kl M`hbvhg Nm`}kv U~fa`in Unine}kv Qhi~nu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'=? Nm`}`lb }dn A~le}`kl,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'=? M`upih`lb }dn A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'=8 Nm`}`lb }dn A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'=8 Upne`a`lb h Vnu}v`e}kv _hvhgn}nv,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'=6 Ekla`vg`lb _hvhgn}nv Mn}h`iu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'=5 Nt`} He}`kl M`hbvhg ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'=5 Bnlnvh}`lb hlm Ekgp`i`lb }dn A~le}`klu,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'=5 ]nu}`lb }dn _vkbvhg,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 4'== 

Bikuuhv

@lmnt

Ekl}nl}u tq``

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Edhp}nv

8 Hfk~} }d`u ]~}kv`hi

]d`u }~}kv`hi pvkq`mnu h lhq`bh}`klhi b~`mn }k }dn lnr Hmqhl}hbn 6N ~unv, @} r`iib~`mn k~ }dvk~bd }dn u}npu vnx~`vnm }k mnqnikp hl hppi`eh}`kl ~u`lb Hmqhl}hbn6N, Ha}nv ekgpin}`lb }d`u }~}kv`hi k~ r`ii dhqn mnu`blnm hl Hmqhl}hbn 6Nrkvj`lb hppi`eh}`kl, ]dn }~}kv`hi `lei~mnu hii ka }dn fhu`e ahe`i`}`nu ka Hmqhl}hbn6N hu rnii hu ukgn hmqhlenm anh}~vnu,

]d`u edhp}nv mnuev`fnu }dn kvbhl`sh}`kl ka }dn }~}kv`hi uk~venu akv hmm`}`klhi`lakvgh}`kl hfk~} Hmqhl}hbn 6N eklqnl}`klu ~unm `l }dn }~}kv`hi }dnhppi`eh}`kl mnqnikpgnl} i`an eein b~`mni`lnu akv bn}}`lb u}hv}nm r`}d }dn}~}kv`hi hlm h bikuuhv ka }nvgu `l}vkm~enm `l }dn }~}kv`hi,

Lk}n3 Fn u~vn }k vnhm }d`u edhp}nv fnakvn fnb`ll`lb }dn }~}kv`hi,

]dn akiikr`lb une}`klu u~gghv`sn nhed edhp}nv ka }dn }~}kv`hi,

Edhp}nv 6 Mna`l`lb Vnx~`vngnl}u

Mn}nvg`lnu }dn f~u`lnuu vnx~`vngnl}u ka }dn hppi`eh}`kl }k fn mnqnikpnm,Mnuev`fnu dkr }k mn}nvg`ln }dn mh}h vnx~`vnm avkg }dn f~u`lnuu vnx~`vngnl}u,Hppi`nu }dn v~inu ka lkvghi`sh}`kl hlm bnlnvhi`sh}`kl }k }dn i`u} ka mh}h ningnl}u}k mnqnikp hl nl}`} vnih}`klud`p m`hbvhg,

Edhp}nv 5 Mh}h Gkmni`lb

Mnuev`fnu dkr }k }vhluih}n }dn nl}`} vnih}`klud`p m`hbvhg `l}k hl Hmqhl}hbn 6Nmh}h gkmni m`hbvhg, Mnuev`fnu dkr }k nl}nv a`inu hlm a`nim mn}h`iu a`nimqhi`mh}`kl hlm mnah~i} heenuu ph}du evnh}nm f Hmqhl}hbn 6N, @l}vkm~enu`lqki~}`kl, Mnuev`fnu dkr }k evnh}n hi}nvlh}n heenuu ph}du }dh} ~un unine}`klev`}nv`h hlm dkr }k ck`l a`inu }kbn}dnv,

Edhp}nv = Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu

@l}vkm~enu Hmqhl}hbn 6N a~le}`klu $Nm`} A`in Unine} Vnekvm) hlm dkr }k mnu`bl}dnun `l Hmqhl}hbn 6N,

Hfk~} }d`u ]~}kv`hi 8―8

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Vnih}nm @lakvgh}`kl

Edhp}nv > Bnlnvh}`lb) Ekgp`i`lb) hlm Ntne~}`lb

Mnuev`fnu dkr }k bnlnvh}n uk~ven }k `gpingnl} }dn heenuu ph}du hlm a~le}`kluevnh}nm `l }dn a`vu} ak~v edhp}nvu hlm dkr }k ekgp`in }dn uk~ven }k pvkm~en

ntne~}hfin KU+=?? kfcne}u ' a`inu hlm pvkbvhgu,

Edhp}nv 1 Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl

_vnunl}u }kkiu }k dnip k~ gh`l}h`l hl Hmqhl}hbn 6N bnlnvh}nm hppi`eh}`kl`lei~m`lb pvk}k}p`lb rkvj`lb r`}d gkmni kfcne} i`u}u hlm evnh}`lb a~le}`klqnvu`klu,

Edhp}nv 2 Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu

Mnuev`fnu }dn ~un ka }dn Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl a~le}`kl ~u`lb }dn Uphl heenuu ph}d,

Edhp}nv 4 Vnpkv} A~le}`klu

Mnuev`fnu dkr }k pvkm~en h fhu`e vnpkv} pvkbvhg avkg }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`blgkmni,

Vnih}nm @lakvgh}`kl

]d`u gkm~in pvkq`mnu kli }dn `lakvgh}`kl hfk~} Hmqhl}hbn 6N }dh} `u lnenuuhv}k ekgpin}n }dn ]~}kv`hi, Hmm`}`klhi `lakvgh}`kl ehl fn ak~lm `l }dn Hmqhl}hbn6N ghl~hiu i`u}nm fnikr,

Lk}n3 Hmqhl}hbn 6N phlniu pvkq`mn nt}nlu`qn kli`ln dnip: u`gpi pvnuu }dn Dnipjn kl k~v jnfkhvm }k m`upih gkvn `lakvgh}`kl akv }dn e~vvnl} phlni, Fn u~vn}k ~un }d`u ahe`i`} hu k~ mk }dn }~}kv`hi,

Kqnvq`nr

]d`u gkm~in pvkq`mnu hl kqnvq`nr ka Hmqhl}hbn 6N a~le}`klhi`} hlm mnuev`fnu

dkr `lakvgh}`kl `u kvbhl`snm `l }dn k}dnv gkm~inu, Hiuk `lei~mnm `u }dnHmqhl}hbn 6N bikuuhv hlm ghu}nv `lmnt,

8―6 ]~}kv`hi

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Vnih}nm @lakvgh}`kl

Bn}}`lb U}hv}nm

]d`u gkm~in mnuev`fnu }dn i`fvhv`nu }dh} ghjn ~p Hmqhl}hbn 6N hlm }dnmnqnikpgnl} nlq`vklgnl}, ]d`u gkm~in hiuk k~}i`lnu }dn `lu}hiih}`kl hlm

~pbvhmn pvkenuu,

Mna`l`lb h Mh}h Gkmni

]d`u gkm~in pvkq`mnu `lu}v~e}`klu kl ~u`lb Hmqhl}hbn 6N }k mnu`bl hlmgh`l}h`l h mh}h gkmni,

F~`im`lb Heenuu _h}du

]d`u gkm~in pvkq`mnu `lu}v~e}`kl kl dkr }k f~`im gkm`a mnin}n hlm mke~gnl}

heenuu ph}du hlm dkr }k evnh}n hvvhu,

F~`im`lb Hppi`eh}`klu

]d`u gkm~in pvkq`mnu `lu}v~e}`klu kl f~`im`lb a~le}`klu `l Hmqhl}hbn 6N, ]dngkm~in }niiu k~ dkr }k un} ~p uu}ng mnah~i} qhi~nu f~`im a~le}`klu nm`}mnq`en mnu`blu hlm he}`kl m`hbvhgu hlm dkr }k bnlnvh}n hlm ekgp`in a~le}`klu,

Bnlnvh}`lb hlm @gpingnl}`lb Hppi`eh}`klu

]d`u gkm~in mnuev`fnu gkmni kfcne}u gkmni kfcne} i`u}u hlm `gphe} hlhiu`u hlmpvkq`mnu lu}v~e}`klu hlm vnekggnlmh}`klu }k u~eenuua~ii bnlnvh}n ekgp`inhlm `gpingnl} hl Hmqhl}hbn 6N hppi`eh}`kl,

Hfk~} }d`u ]~}kv`hi 8―5

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Hmqhl}hbn 6N hlm }dn Hppi`eh}`kl Mnqnikpgnl} I`an Eein

Hmqhl}hbn 6N hlm }dn Hppi`eh}`kl Mnqnikpgnl} I`an Eein

Hmqhl}hbn 6N u~ppkv}u }dn ~un ka h }kp mkrl u}v~e}~vnm mh}h'mv`qnlhppi`eh}`kl mnqnikpgnl} i`an eein, ]dn hppi`eh}`kl mnqnikpgnl} i`an eein u`ii~u}vh}nm `l }dn akiikr`lb m`hbvhg,

]dn hppi`eh}`kl mnqnikpgnl} i`an eein pvkq`mnu m`vne}`kl m~v`lb }dn mnu`bl hlmbnlnvh}`kl ka hl Hmqhl}hbn 6N hppi`eh}`kl, ]d`u }~}kv`hi pvkq`mnu `lu}v~e}`klu }kekgpin}n nhed ka }dn u}hbnu i`u}nm `l }dn m`hbvhg,

8, Mn}nvg`ln }dn hppi`eh}`kl vnx~`vngnl}u,

6, Mnuev`fn mh}h l }dn akvg ka hl Hmqhl}hbn 6N mh}h gkmni, ]dn mh}h gkmni u}dn fhu`u akv nqnv}d`lb mnu`blnm r`}d`l Hmqhl}hbn 6N,

5, Mnu`bl }dn a~le}`klu }dh} r`ii kpnvh}n kl k~v mh}h,

=, _vk}k}pn k~v a~le}`klu }k }nu} k~v mnu`bl,

>, Vn}~vl }k k~v mnu`bl gkmni }k upne`a hmm`}`klhi a~le}`klhi`},

1, Bnlnvh}n hlm ekgp`in k~v hppi`eh}`kl,

8―= ]~}kv`hi

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_vnvnx~`u`}nu akv ^u`lb Hmqhl}hbn 6N

_vnvnx~`u`}nu akv ^u`lb Hmqhl}hbn 6N

Fnakvn u}hv}`lb }d`u }~}kv`hi ghjn u~vn }dn akiikr`lb eklm`}`klu hvn uh}`ua`nm3

▯ @lu}hiih}`klHmqhl}hbn 6N g~u} fn `lu}hiinm kl k~v `Unv`nu, ]d`u ghl~hi huu~gnu }dh}`lu}hiih}`kl dhu fnnl u~eenuua~ii ekgpin}nm, @a lk} pinhun vnanv }k }dn@lu}hiih}`kl B~`mn akv hmm`}`klhi mn}h`iu,

▯ H~}dkv`sh}`kl

Pk~ g~u} fn u`blnm kl hl `Unv`nu r`}d h ~unv pvka`in }dh} `u h~}dkv`snm }k ~unHmqhl}hbn 6N, Pk~ g~u} hiuk fn h~}dkv`snm }k ehvv k~} pvkbvhgg`lbkpnvh}`klu u~ed hu evnh}`lb a`inu hlm V_B kv EKFKI pvkbvhgu, @a k~ mk lk}dhqn }dn vnx~`vnm pvka`in kv h~}dkv`sh}`klu eklu~i} k~v une~v`} kaa`env,Vnanv }k }dn @lu}hiih}`kl B~`mn akv gkvn mn}h`iu, ]k fnb`l k~ r`ii vnx~`vnheenuu }k n`}dnv }dn Ekgghlm nl}v $XEGM) }dn _vkbvhggnv‐u gnl~

$X_BGGNL^) kv }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N Gh`l gnl~,

▯ I`fvhv I`u}

Pk~v i`fvhv i`u} g~u} `lei~mn env}h`l i`fvhv`nu fnakvn k~ ehl evnh}n hlHmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`bl gkmni: akv nthgpin }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N hlm =?? ]kkij`}pvkm~e} i`fvhv`nu, Vnanv }k }dn rkvjudnn} }dh} rhu a`iinm k~} rdnl Hmqhl}hbn6N rhu `lu}hiinm h} k~v ekgphl akv h i`u} ka }dn vnx~`vnm i`fvhv`nu, ]dnrkvjudnn} `u `l }dn @lu}hiih}`kl B~`mn, Pk~ ehl hmm hl g`uu`lb i`fvhv`nu ~u`lb}dn KU+=?? Hmm I`fvhv I`u} Nl}v $HMMI@FIN) ekgghlm, Akv nthgpin

HMMI@FIN P6UPHMMI@FIN P8UP

▯ Evnh}`lb hl Hmqhl}hbn 6N Mnu`bl Gkmni

Pk~ g~u} dhqn hl Hmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`bl gkmni i`fvhv `l rd`ed }k u}kvn k~vHmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`bl gkmni, @a k~ mk lk} hivnhm dhqn h mnu`bl gkmni k~gh evnh}n h lnr kln ~u`lb }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N Evnh}n Gkmni I`fvhv$PEV]GMII@F) ekgghlm hu akiikru3

PEV]GMII@F GMII@F$GPGMI) KFC_AT$GP)*UPU]NT]$—Gp Gkmni‐) MULU]M$#E^H]NT])

]d`u ekgghlm hiikru k~ }k evnh}n k~v gkmni `l}nvhe}`qni, Pk~ ehl hiukmk }d`u hu h fh}ed pvkenuu, @l }d`u nthgpin }dn mnu`bl u}hlmhvm #E^H]NT]dhu fnnl upne`a`nm uk }dh} hii a~le}`klu }dh} `lei~mn `l}nvhe}`qn phlni m`upihur`ii fn pvnunl}nm r`}d n`}dnv He}`kl Fhvu kv R`lmkru, ]dn lkvghi mnah~i}akv }dn mnu`bl u}hlmhvm `u #E^HNL]VP,

Lk}n3 @a ukgnkln niun evnh}nu k~v gkmni fn u~vn }dn vnhm }dn hfkqnphvhbvhpd hlm un} }dn MULU]M phvhgn}nv }k #E^H]NT]: k}dnvr`un }dn}~}kv`hi r`ii lk} rkvj pvkpnvi,

Hfk~} }d`u ]~}kv`hi 8―>

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_vnvnx~`u`}nu akv ^u`lb Hmqhl}hbn 6N

]dn gnuuhbn ’Gkmni i`fvhv GPGMI evnh}nm‗ udk~im hppnhv akiikr`lbu~eenuua~i ekgpin}`kl ka }dn ekgghlm, ]dn ~un ka }d`u ekgghlm `u klilnenuuhv rdnl k~ hvn evnh}`lb h lnr Hmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`bl gkmni, ]dnlnt} }kp`e m`ue~uunu dkr }k heenuu hl nt`u}`lb Hmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`bl gkmni,

]dn PEV]GMII@F ekgghlm hiuk evnh}nu h i`fvhv }k ekl}h`l }dn uk~ven hlmhppi`eh}`kl kfcne}u }dh} k~ r`ii bnlnvh}n avkg k~v Hmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`blgkmni, ]dn lhgn ka }d`u i`fvhv `u b`qnl f }dn BNLI@F phvhgn}nv rd`ed `l}d`u ehun mnah~i}u }k }dn lhgn GPBNL, A~v}dnvgkvn `} evnh}nu h =?? ]kkij`}I`fvhv i`u} r`}d }dn uhgn lhgn hu }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`bl gkmni i`fvhv,

▯ Nl}nv`lb }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N Mnu`bl Gkmni

]k nl}nv Hmqhl}hbn 6N }pn }dn U}hv} Hmqhl}hbn 6N $PU]VP6) ekgghlmupne`a`lb }dn lhgn ka k~v Hmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`bl gkmni hu }dn I@FIU]phvhgn}nv avkg hl KU+=?? Ekgghlm Nl}v i`ln3

PU]VP6 GPGMI

]pn }dn ekgghlm hu udkrl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N Gh`l gnl~ hppnhvu, ]dn a`vu} phlni ka }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6NGh`l Gnl~ pvkq`mnu h un} ka Mnu`bl Gkmni kp}`klu hlm heenuu }k Hmqhl}hbn6N ekgghlmu bvk~pnm heekvm`lb }k a~le}`kl,

]pn 8 `l }dn ekgghlm nl}v i`ln hu udkrl }k m`upih }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6NMnu`blnv $#MULV) Gnl~,

8―1 ]~}kv`hi

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_vnvnx~`u`}nu akv ^u`lb Hmqhl}hbn 6N

_vnuu Nl}nv, ]dn a`vu} phlni ka }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N Mnu`blnv $#MULV) Gnl~

m`upihu, ]d`u gnl~ pvkq`mnu h i`u} ka }huju hqh`ihfin }k ~unvu r`}d #MULVh~}dkv`}, ]pn 8 `l }dn ekgghlm nl}v i`ln hu udkrl }k nl}nv k~vHmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`bl gkmni akv nm`}`lb,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Pk~v Hmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`bl gkmni r`ii lkr fn ikhmnm, Hl Hmqhl}hbn 6Nr`lmkr r`}d }dn gnuuhbn U}hv}`lb Hmqhl}hbn 6N Unuu`kl hppnhvu, ]dn ikhmpvkenuu gh }hjn unqnvhi uneklmu, Rdnl `} `u a`l`udnm }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhunVnih}`klu phlni r`ii hppnhv,

Hfk~} }d`u ]~}kv`hi 8―2

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_vnvnx~`u`}nu akv ^u`lb Hmqhl}hbn 6N

@l bnlnvhi k~ ehl fnb`l rkvj`lb r`}d k~v gkmni h} }d`u pk`l}, Dkrnqnv `a

}d`u `u }dn a`vu} }`gn k~ nl}nvnm k~v }~}kv`hi gkmni vnhm hlm ekgpin}n }dnakiikr`lb lu}v~e}`klu fnakvn ekl}`l~`lb,

▯ K}dnv Gn}dkmu ka Nl}nv`lb Pk~v Mnu`bl Gkmni

Akiikr`lb hvn }rk hi}nvlh}`qn gn}dkmu ka nl}nv`lb k~v mnu`bl gkmni,

― Bk m`vne}i }k }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N Mnu`blnv $#MULV) Gnl~ ~u`lb }dnGnl~ phvhgn}nv kl }dn U}hv} Hmqhl}hbn 6N $PU]VP6) ekgghlm avkghl KU+=?? Ekgghlm Nl}v i`ln hu akiikru3

PU]VP6 GPGMI GNL^$MULV)

― Fphuu }dn Mnu`blnv $#MULV) Gnl~ hlm m`vne}i nl}nv k~v gkmni akvnm`}`lb ~u`lb }dn =?? ]kkij`} Edhlbn I`fvhv I`u} $PEDBI@FI)ekgghlm hlm }dn Nm`} Gkmni $PNM]GMI) ekgghlm avkg hl KU+=??Ekgghlm Nl}v i`ln,

PEDBI@FI GPGMIPNM]GMI

]dn P6 ekgghlm `u h udkv} akvg ka }dn PNM]GMI ekgghlm,

PEDBI@FI GPGMIP6

▯ Inhq`lb }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N Mnu`bl Gkmni

@} `u ~li`jni }dh} k~ r`ii ekgpin}n }dn }~}kv`hi `l h u`lbin unuu`kl, @a h} hl}`gn k~ rhl} }k inhqn k~v Hmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`bl gkmni k~ ehl mk uk fpvnuu`lb A5 vnpnh}nmi ~l}`i k~ vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,H} }dh} pk`l} pvnuu A5 hbh`l }k m`upih }dn Nt`} gnl~, _vnuu A5 lkr akvpvhe}`en,

8―4 ]~}kv`hi

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_vnvnx~`u`}nu akv ^u`lb Hmqhl}hbn 6N

Lkvghii rdnl k~ nt`} k~v mnu`bl gkmni k~ r`ii heenp} }dn mnah~i}kp}`kl hlm pvnuu Nl}nv, Dkrnqnv `a k~ pihl }k ekl}`l~n r`}d }dn }~}kv`hi}pn 5 `lu}nhm ka heenp}`lb }dn mnah~i} }k ekl}`l~n k~v nm`}`lb unuu`kl hlmpvnuu Nl}nv, ]d`u vn}~vlu k~ }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

▯ Un}}`lb Pk~v Gkmni _vka`in }k Ikb Edhlbnu }k Pk~v Gkmni

Pk~v gkmni pvka`in nu}hfi`udnu }dn fhu`e rkvj`lb nlq`vklgnl} akv k~v`l}nvhe}`qn unuu`kl, Hmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehii evnh}nu h gkmni pvka`in akvnhed ~unv }dh} `u bvhl}nm heenuu }k h gkmni, Fnakvn fnb`ll`lb rkvj kl k~vHmqhl}hbn 6N gkmni k~ lnnm }k ednej hlm pkuu`fi kqnvv`mn }dn mnah~i}un}}`lbu `l k~v gkmni pvka`in,

Lk}n3 Pk~ lnnm }k mk }d`u u}np fnakvn k~ nl}nv hl `lakvgh}`kl akv k~v}~}kv`hi mnu`bl gkmni hlm k~ kli lnnm }k mk `} klen,

]d`u pvkenuu huu~gnu }dh} }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni `u m`upihnm klk~v uevnnl, @a lk} vn'nl}nv k~v gkmni hu ntpih`lnm pvnq`k~ui ~u`lb }dnU}hv} Hmqhl}hbn 6N $PU]VP6) ekgghlm,

▯ Heenuu`lb }dn M`upih Unvq`enu Gnl~

Kln rh }k heenuu k~v gkmni pvka`in `u f ~u`lb }dn M`upih Unvq`enu Gnl~,

]d`u gnl~ `u hl `gpkv}hl} Hmqhl}hbn 6N }kki }dh} b`qnu k~ heenuu }k ghlHmqhl}hbn 6N u~ppkv} a~le}`klu rd`in k~ hvn rkvj`lb kl h gkmni, Avkg}dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni pvnuu A82 }k heenuu }dn M`upih Unvq`enuGnl~ ]d`u a~le}`kl jn `u hqh`ihfin avkg ghl Hmqhl}hbn 6N phlniu,

Avkg }dn M`upih Unvq`enu Gnl~ }pn 88 `l }dn Kp}`kl a`nim }k Nm`} k~vgkmni pvka`in,

Hfk~} }d`u ]~}kv`hi 8―0

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_vnvnx~`u`}nu akv ^u`lb Hmqhl}hbn 6N

▯ Nm`}`lb Pk~v Gkmni _vka`in

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn a`vu} uevnnl ka }dn Nm`} Gkmni _vka`in phlni,

]dn gkmni pvka`in in}u k~ mna`ln mnah~i}u akv qhv`k~u pvkenuunu hlm a`inupne`a`eh}`klu akv hl `l}nvhe}`qn unuu`kl, Lk}`en }dh} }dn mnah~i} qhi~n akv }dnUnuu`kl i`u} a`nim `u k~v ~unv pvka`in lhgn, Hiuk ednej }dh} }dn qhi~n ka }dnIkb edhlbnm kfcne}u a`nim `u P, @a `} `u lk} }pn P,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn M`upih Unvq`enu Gnl~,

8―8? ]~}kv`hi

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_vnvnx~`u`}nu akv ^u`lb Hmqhl}hbn 6N

▯ ^lmnvu}hlm`lb h Unuu`kl I`u}

]dn fhu`e ekgpklnl}u ka hl Hmqhl}hbn 6N gkmni hvn ehiinm gkmni kfcne}u,Hmqhl}hbn 6N pvkq`mnu h gkmni kfcne} i`u} }kki }dh} in}u k~ ghl`p~ih}nikb`ehi bvk~pu ka gkmni kfcne}u, Kln nthgpin ka h gkmni kfcne} i`u} `u }dnunuu`kl i`u}, Rdnl }dn Ikb edhlbnm kfcne}u a`nim `l k~v gkmni pvka`in `u PHmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehii jnnpu }vhej ka nhed edhlbn k~ ghjn }k k~vHmqhl}hbn 6N gkmni hlm hmmu }dn edhlbnm gkmni kfcne} }k k~v unuu`kl i`u},]dn unuu`kl i`u} `u e~g~ih}`qn hlm }dnvnakvn `} pnvu`u}u hevkuu k~v `l}nvhe}`qnunuu`klu,

Lk}`en }dn Nm`} gkmni i`u} $PNM]GMIIU] #UNUU@KL) kp}`kl kl }dn M`upihUnvq`enu Gnl~, Pk~ ehl ~un }d`u kp}`kl h} hl }`gn }k q`nr hlm rkvj r`}d}dn ekl}nl}u ka k~v unuu`kl i`u}: `l k}dnv rkvmu k~ ehl ~un }d`u kp}`kl }kq`nr }dn gkmni kfcne}u k~ edhlbnm `l k~v Hmqhl}hbn 6N gkmni,

Pk~ r`ii ~un }dn unuu`kl i`u} hbh`l ih}nv `l }dn Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl edhp}nv ka }d`u }~}kv`hi,

▯ Nt`}`lb }dn M`upih Unvq`enu Gnl~

Rdnl k~ a`l`ud ~u`lb }dn }huju kl }dn M`upih Unvq`enu Gnl~ nt`} fpvnuu`lb A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

▯ Mnin}`lb ^unv'mna`lnm Mh}h avkg k~v Hmqhl}hbn 6N Mnu`bl Gkmni

]d`u u}np hppi`nu kli `a k~ r`ud }k mnin}n }dn mh}h k~ nl}nvnm avkg k~vHmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`bl gkmni, ]k mk uk ~un }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N Einhv Gkmni$PEIVGMI) ekgghlm hu akiikru3

PEIVGMI GMII@F$GPGMI) BNLI@F$#BNLI@F)

@a k~ v~l }d`u ekgghlm k~v Hmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`bl gkmni r`ii u}`ii nt`u}f~} nqnv}d`lb k~ dhqn hmmnm }k }dn mnu`bl gkmni r`ii fn mnin}nm,

Hfk~} }d`u ]~}kv`hi 8―88

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Edhp}nv

6 Mna`l`lb Vnx~`vngnl}u

]d`u edhp}nv b`qnu }dn f~u`lnuu vnx~`vngnl}u hlm mnuev`fnu }dn mh}h hlma~le}`klu vnx~`vnm }k u~ppkv} }dn Dkvun Vhe`lb hppi`eh}`kl,

@l}vkm~e}`kl }k Mna`l`lb Vnx~`vngnl}u

]d`u }~}kv`hi mngklu}vh}nu dkr }k ~un Hmqhl}hbn 6N }k hmmvnuu hii pdhunu ka }dni`an eein `l }dn mnqnikpgnl} hlm gh`l}nlhlen ka h dkvun vhen hppi`eh}`kl, Huhgpin dkvun vhe`lb akvg `u `ii~u}vh}nm fnikr,

Vnx~`vngnl}u Mna`l`}`kl

@l`}`hi vnx~`vngnl}u akv }dn hppi`eh}`kl `ii~u}vh}nm `l }d`u }~}kv`hi `lei~mn }dnakvg avkg }dn pvnenm`lb phbn, Ghlhbngnl} vnx~`vnu h uu}ng }dh} }vheju }dndkvunu hlm ckejnu nl}nvnm `l vhenu, @l hmm`}`kl }dn rhl} }k }vhej }dn phvnl}hbnhlm vhe`lb vnu~i}u ka nhed dkvun hlm vnx~`vn env}h`l vnpkv}u,

Mna`l`lb Vnx~`vngnl}u 6―8

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k Mna`l`lb Vnx~`vngnl}u

F~u`lnuu Vnx~`vngnl}u

Ha}nv hlhiu`u ka }dn akvg hlm a~v}dnv m`ue~uu`kl r`}d ghlhbngnl} `} `umn}nvg`lnm }dh} }dn hppi`eh}`kl vnx~`vnu }dn akiikr`lb3

▯ ]dn f~u`lnuu kfcne}u kv nl}`}`nu3 Ek~vun Dkvun Ckejn hlm Vhen, ]dnun r`iifnekgn a`inu,

▯ H vnekvm ka }dn Mhg $gk}dnv) akv nhed dkvun }k nlu~vn }dh} `} `u anghin hlmkimnv }dhl }dn dkvun,

▯ H vnekvm ka }dn U`vn $ah}dnv) akv nhed dkvun }k nlu~vn }dh} `} `u ghin hlm kimnv}dhl }dn dkvun,

▯ H vnekvm ka dkvunu nl}nvnm `l nhed vhen,

▯ ]dn akiikr`lb }rk vnpkv}u3

― H i`u} ka hii dkvunu `lei~m`lb h ek~l} hlm }k}hi qhi~n

― H i`u} ka }dn vhenu nhed dkvun dhu nl}nvnm

Mh}h Vnx~`vngnl}u

Dhq`lb `mnl}`a`nm }dn f~u`lnuu vnx~`vngnl}u `} `u lnenuuhv }k nthg`ln }dng hlmmn}nvg`ln }dn mh}h lnnmnm }k gnn} }dn vnx~`vngnl}u,

Hlhisn }dn akvg ehvna~ii }k ghjn h i`u} ka hii }dn mh}h lnnmnm }k evnh}n }dnakvg, Mk lk} fn eklenvlnm hfk~} mna`l`lb }dn mh}h hu h bvk~p`lb ka mh}h$nl}`}+a`in) kv h pvkpnv} ka }dn bvk~p $h}}v`f~}n+a`nim), Ukgn nthgpinu hvnudkrl dnvn3

▯ Ckejn

▯ Dkvun lhgn

▯ Dkvun ekmn

▯ Nl}v l~gfnv

▯ A`l`ud`lb pku`}`kl

▯ Vhen lhgn

▯ Vhen m`u}hlen

▯ Ek~vunu

Ek~vun lhgn▯ Vhen }`gn

▯ Bk`lb eklm`}`klu

6―6 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k Mna`l`lb Vnx~`vngnl}u

▯ _v`sn gkln

▯ Vhen mh}n

▯ Mhg $Dkvun‐u gk}dnv)

▯ U`vn $Dkvun‐u ah}dnv)

▯ Dkvun‐u mh}n ka f`v}d

Dhq`lb upne`a`nm }dn vnx~`vngnl}u ka }d`u hppi`eh}`kl k~ ehl lkr fnb`l }kf~`im }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N mh}h gkmni, ]d`u mh}h gkmni r`ii unvqn hu }dn ak~lmh}`klakv }dn hppi`eh}`kl mnu`bl `l Hmqhl}hbn 6N, ]dn mh}h gkmni`lb pvkenuu `u`ii~u}vh}nm `l }dn Mh}h Gkmni`lb edhp}nv,

Mna`l`lb Vnx~`vngnl}u 6―5

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Edhp}nv

5 Mh}h Gkmni`lb

]d`u edhp}nv `l}vkm~enu }dn akiikr`lb }kp`eu3

▯ Mh}h Gkmni

▯ Hmqhl}hbn 6N Vnih}`klu

▯ A`nim Mn}h`iu hlm Eklm`}`klu

Nt}nlm`lb Vnih}`klu▯ Q`v}~hi A`nimu

▯ Heenuu _h}du

Mh}h Gkmni

@l }d`u }kp`e k~ r`ii f~`im }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N mh}h gkmni }dh} u~ppkv}u }dnvnx~`vngnl}u ka }dn dkvun vhen hppi`eh}`kl,

Lnr }nvgu `l}vkm~enm3▯ Nl}`}

▯ Vnih}`klud`p

▯ Nl}`} Vnih}`klud`p M`hbvhg

▯ H}}v`f~}n

▯ ^l`x~n @mnl}`a`nv

▯ _v`ghv jn

▯ Akvn`bl jn

▯ Lkvghi`sh}`kl

▯ Bnlnvhi`sh}`kl

▯ Hmqhl}hbn 6N Vnih}`kl

▯ Hmqhl}hbn 6N Mh}h Gkmni M`hbvhg

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―8

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Mh}h Gkmni

Kfcne}`qnu

^un hl Nl}`} Vnih}`klud`p M`hbvhg $NVM) }k mnu`bl }dn dkvun vhen hppi`eh}`klmh}h gkmni, Lkvghi`sn hlm bnlnvhi`sn }dn nl}`}`nu }k vna`ln }dn NVM, ]vhluih}n

}dn NVM `l}k Hmqhl}hbn 6N vnih}`klu, ]dn akiikr`lb u}npu ntpih`l dkr }k hed`nqn}dnun kfcne}`qnu,

@mnl}`a Hppi`eh}`kl Nl}`}`nu

]dn a`vu} u}np `l nl}`} vnih}`klud`p gkmni`lb `u }k `mnl}`a }dn nl}`}`nu $a`inu) }dh}hvn pvnunl} `l k~v hppi`eh}`kl ~u`lb }dn mh}h ningnl}u k~ `mnl}`a`nm m~v`lbk~v vnx~`vngnl}u hlhiu`u, Hl nl}`} `u h }d`lb kv kfcne} ka u`bl`a`ehlen akv rd`edk~ lnnm }k bh}dnv hlm u}kvn `lakvgh}`kl,

Nhed nl}`} g~u} fn ~l`x~ni `mnl}`a`hfin, ]d`u gnhlu }dh} nhed `lu}hlen

$kee~vvnlen) ka hl nl}`} g~u} fn unphvh}n hlm m`u}`le}i `mnl}`a`hfin avkg hiik}dnv `lu}hlenu ka }dh} nl}`}, Akv nthgpin akv }dn nl}`} Dkvun nhed `lm`q`m~hidkvun $`lu}hlen) g~u} fn ~l`x~ni `mnl}`a`hfin `l }dn mh}h gkmni,

Nhed nl}`} ehl fn vnpvnunl}nm `l h m`hbvhg f h fkt ekl}h`l`lb }dn lhgn ka }dnnl}`}, ]dn lhgn `u `l u`lb~ihv hlm udkrl `l hii ~ppnvehun in}}nvu, ]d`u }~}kv`hi`lei~mnu }dn akiikr`lb nl}`}`nu3

@mnl}`a F~u`lnuu Vnih}`klud`pu Fn}rnnl Nl}`}`nu

]dn uneklm u}np `l nl}`} vnih}`klud`p gkmni`lb `u }k `mnl}`a }dn f~u`lnuuvnih}`klud`pu }dh} nt`u} fn}rnnl }dn nl}`}`nu, H f~u`lnuu vnih}`klud`p $kvvnih}`klud`p akv udkv}) `u h lhgnm u`bl`a`ehl} huuke`h}`kl fn}rnnl }rk nl}`}`nu, ]dn

vnih}`klud`pu pvnunl} `l }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N mh}h gkmni h} }d`u pk`l} ehl fnvnpvnunl}nm hu udkrl,

5―6 ]~}kv`hi

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Mh}h Gkmni

@mnl}`a H}}v`f~}nu hlm ^l`x~n @mnl}`a`nvu akv }dn Nl}`}`nu

]dn }d`vm u}np ka nl}`} vnih}`klud`p gkmni`lb `lqkiqnu }dn akiikr`lb3

▯ @mnl}`a`lb }dn h}}v`f~}nu $a`nimu) }dh} fniklb }k nhed nl}`}

▯ Unine}`lb }dn h}}v`f~}nu }dh} unvqn hu h ~l`x~n `mnl}`a`nv akv nhed nl}`}

]d`u ~l`x~n `mnl}`a`nv `u hiuk jlkrl hu }dn pv`ghv jn akv }dn nl}`},

▯ Lkvghi`s`lb }dn nl}`}`nu

▯ Bnlnvhi`s`lb }dn nl}`}`nu

]dn akiikr`lb une}`klu m`ue~uu nhed ka }dnun `l gkvn mn}h`i,

@mnl}`a }dn H}}v`f~}nu akv Nhed Nl}`}

Hl h}}v`f~}n `u hl mn}h`i }dh} unvqnu }k x~hi`a `mnl}`a eihuu`a x~hl}`a kvntpvnuu }dn u}h}n ka hl nl}`}, Hl h}}v`f~}n ehl hiuk fn hl mnuev`p}`kl ka h }d`lbka u`bl`a`ehlen, ]dn h}}v`f~}nu g~u} mnuev`fn }dn nl}`} hbh`lu} rd`ed }dn hvnudkrl,

Vnq`nr`lb }dn mh}h ningnl}u k~ `mnl}`a`nm m~v`lb vnx~`vngnl}u hlhiu`u hlm}hj`lb `l}k eklu`mnvh}`kl }dn nl}`}`nu k~ dhqn hivnhm `mnl}`a`nm `} `u pkuu`fin }k`mnl}`a }dn h}}v`f~}nu, I`u} }dn h}}v`f~}nu fnu`mn }dn hppvkpv`h}n nl}`} hu `l }dn

akiikr`lb }hfin3

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―5

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Mh}h Gkmni

Nl}`} H}}v`f~}n

EK^VUN Ek~vun ekmn

Ek~vun lhgn

DKVUN Dkvun ekmnDkvun lhgnDkvun bnlmnvMh}n ka f`v}d

 CKEJNP Ckejn ekmn Ckejn lhgn Ckejn bnlmnv

U@VN U`vn ekmnU`vn lhgnU`vn Mh}n ka f`v}d

MHG Mhg ekmnMhg lhgnMhg Mh}n ka f`v}d

VHEN Ek~vun ekmnEk~vun lhgnVhen mh}nVhen }`gnVhen lhgnBk`lb eklm`}`kluM`u}hlen_v`sn gkln

Dkvun ekmnDkvun lhgnDkvun bnlmnvMh}n ka f`v}d

 Ckejn ekmn Ckejn lhgnA`l`ud`lb pku`}`klDhlm`ehpNl}v u}h}~u

5―= ]~}kv`hi

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Mh}h Gkmni

Unine} Nhed Nl}`}‐u ^l`x~n @mnl}`a`nv

Nhed nl}`} g~u} fn ~l`x~ni `mnl}`a`hfin uk }dh} nhed `lu}hlen ka }dn nl}`} `uunphvh}n hlm m`u}`le}i vnekbl`shfin avkg hii k}dnv `lu}hlenu ka }dh} nl}`}, ]dn

~l`x~n mnl}`a`nv  hiuk jlkrl hu }dn pv`ghv jn ehl fn hl ka }dn akiikr`lb3

▯ Hl h}}v`f~}n

▯ H ekgf`lh}`kl ka h}}v`f~}nu

▯ H ekgf`lh}`kl ka vnih}`klud`pu

▯ H ekgf`lh}`kl ka h}}v`f~}nu hlm vnih}`klud`pu

H pv`ghv jn udk~im eklu`u} ka }dn anrnu} l~gfnv ka h}}v`f~}nu lnenuuhv }kghjn nqnv `lu}hlen ka }dn nl}`} ~l`x~n, Vnq`nr }dn h}}v`f~}nu ka nhed nl}`}hlm unine} }dn pv`ghv jn akv nhed nl}`}, _v`ghv jnu hvn `mnl}`a`nm `l }dnakiikr`lb }hfin3

Nl}`} H}}v`f~}n _v`ghv Jn

EK^VUN Ek~vun ekmnEk~vun lhgn

Ek~vun ekmn

DKVUN Dkvun ekmnDkvun lhgnDkvun bnlmnvMh}n ka f`v}d

Dkvun ekmn

 CKEJNP Ckejn ekmn Ckejn lhgn

 Ckejn bnlmnv

 Ckejn ekmn

U@VN U`vn ekmnU`vn lhgnU`vn Mh}n ka f`v}d

U`vn ekmn

MHG Mhg ekmnMhg lhgnMhg Mh}n ka f`v}d

Mhg ekmn

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―>

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Mh}h Gkmni

Nl}`} H}}v`f~}n _v`ghv Jn

VHEN Ek~vun ekmnEk~vun lhgn

Vhen mh}nVhen }`gnVhen lhgnBk`lb eklm`}`kluM`u}hlen_v`sn gklnDkvun ekmnDkvun lhgnDkvun bnlmnvMh}n ka f`v}d

 Ckejn ekmn Ckejn lhgn

A`l`ud`lb pku`}`klDhlm`ehpNl}v u}h}~u

Ek~vun ekmnVhen mh}n

Vhen }`gn

@mnl}`a Akvn`bl Jnu

Lk}n }dh} }dn VHEN nl}`} ekl}h`lu }dn pv`ghv jnu ka }dn DKVUN $Dkvun ekmn)hlm CKEJNP $Ckejn ekmn) nl}`}`nu, ]dn Dkvun ekmn hlm Ckejn ekmn hvn lnnmnmhu h}}v`f~}nu `l }dn VHEN nl}`} }k `mnl}`a }dn dkvunu hlm ckejnu }dh} ekgpn}nm`l nhed vhen, Dkrnqnv ln`}dnv }dn Dkvun ekmn lkv }dn Ckejn ekmn hvn lnnmnm }k`mnl}`a }dn VHEN nl}`}: `l k}dnv rkvmu ln`}dnv Dkvun ekmn lkv Ckejn ekmn hvnpv`ghv jnu ka VHEN, U~ed lkl'jn h}}v`f~}nu ka hl nl}`} }dh} hvn pv`ghvjnu ka hlk}dnv nl}`} hvn jlkrl hu akvn`bl jnu, @l }dn akiikr`lb }hfin akvn`bljnu hvn `mnl}`a`nm,

Nl}`} H}}v`f~}n _v`ghv Jn Akvn`bl Jn

EK^VUN Ek~vun ekmnEk~vun lhgn

Ek~vun ekmn L+H

DKVUN Dkvun ekmnDkvun lhgnDkvun bnlmnvMh}n ka f`v}d

Dkvun ekmn L+H

 CKEJNP Ckejn ekmn Ckejn lhgn Ckejn bnlmnv

 Ckejn ekmn L+H

5―1 ]~}kv`hi

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Mh}h Gkmni

Nl}`} H}}v`f~}n _v`ghv Jn Akvn`bl Jn

U@VN U`vn ekmnU`vn lhgn

U`vn Mh}n ka f`v}d

U`vn ekmn L+H

MHG Mhg ekmnMhg lhgnMhg Mh}n ka f`v}d

Mhg ekmn L+H

VHEN Ek~vun ekmnEk~vun lhgnVhen mh}nVhen }`gnVhen lhgnBk`lb eklm`}`kluM`u}hlen

_v`sn gklnDkvun ekmnDkvun lhgnDkvun bnlmnvMh}n ka f`v}d

 Ckejn ekmn Ckejn lhgnA`l`ud`lb pku`}`klDhlm`ehpNl}v u}h}~u

Ek~vun ekmnVhen mh}nVhen }`gn

Dkvun ekmn Ckejn ekmn

Lkvghi`sn }dn Nl}`}`nu

Lkvghi`sh}`kl ka mh}h `u h pvkenm~vn }dh} nlu~vnu }dh} h mh}h gkmni eklakvgu }kukgn ~una~i u}hlmhvmu,

Akv mh}h hlm nl}`} vnih}`klud`p gkmniu }dn akiikr`lb u}hlmhvmu dhqn fnnlmna`lnm }k g`l`g`sn m~pi`eh}`kl ka mh}h }k pvkq`mn }dn aint`f`i`} lnenuuhv }ku~ppkv} m`aanvnl} a~le}`klhi vnx~`vngnl}u hlm }k nlhfin }dn mh}h gkmni }k fnghppnm kl}k h vnih}`klhi mh}hfhun mnu`bl naane}`qni,

▯ Ni`g`lh}n vnpnh}`lb mh}h bvk~pu

▯ Ni`g`lh}n phv}`hi jn mnpnlmnle`nu

▯ Ni`g`lh}n lkl'jn mnpnlmnle`nu $h}}v`f~}nu }dh} mnpnlm ~pkl hlk}dnv lkl'jn h}}v`f~}n `l }dn nl}`})

Hi}dk~bd }dn u}npu hvn i`u}nm hlm fv`nai m`ue~uunm dnvn k~ gh r`ud }k eklu~i}hmm`}`klhi uk~venu akv h gkvn mn}h`inm mnuev`p}`kl,

Hppi`lb }dnun u}npu eh~unu }dn nl}`}`nu hlm h}}v`f~}nu }k fn vnmna`lnm hu akiikru3

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―2

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Mh}h Gkmni

Nl}`} H}}v`f~}n _v`ghv Jn Akvn`bl Jn

EK^VUN Ek~vun ekmn

Ek~vun lhgn

Ek~vun ekmn L+H

DKVUN Dkvun ekmnDkvun lhgnDkvun bnlmnvMh}n ka f`v}d

Dkvun ekmn L+H

 CKEJNP Ckejn ekmn Ckejn lhgn Ckejn bnlmnv

 Ckejn ekmn L+H

U@VN U`vn ekmnU`vn lhgnU`vn Mh}n ka f`v}d

U`vn ekmn L+H

MHG Mhg ekmnMhg lhgnMhg Mh}n ka f`v}d

Mhg ekmn L+H

VHEN Ek~vun ekmnVhen mh}nVhen }`gnVhen lhgnBk`lb eklm`}`kluM`u}hlen_v`sn gkln

Ek~vun ekmnVhen mh}nVhen }`gn

L+H

VHEN NL]VP Ek~vun ekmnVhen mh}nVhen }`gnNl}v l~gfnvDkvun ekmn

 Ckejn ekmnA`l`ud`lb pku`}`klDhlm`ehpNl}v u}h}~u

Ek~vun ekmnVhen mh}nNl}v l~gfnv

Dkvun ekmn Ckejn ekmn

]d`u pvkenuu dhu vnu~i}nm `l }dn evnh}`kl ka hlk}dnv nl}`} lhgnm VHEN NL]VP,Lkr k~v Nl}`} Vnih}`klud`p M`hbvhg ikkju i`jn }d`u, Lk}n }dh} J `lm`eh}nu h jn

h}}v`f~}n hlm H `lm`eh}nu h akvn`bl jn $lkl'jn h}}v`f~}n),

5―4 ]~}kv`hi

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Mh}h Gkmni

Bnlnvhi`sn }dn Nl}`}`nu

H} }d`u pk`l} }dnvn `u hlk}dnv uk~ven ka vnm~lmhl} mh}h lhgni }dn DKVUNMHG hlm U@VN nl}`}`nu, H dkvun ek~im hppnhv `l }rk ka }dnun }dvnn nl}`}`nu u`lenh dkvun ek~im fk}d ekgpn}n `l vhenu hlm hiuk fn h Mhg kv U`vn, ]d`u u`}~h}`kl ehlfn vnukiqnm f ekgf`l`lb }dnun }dvnn nl}`}`nu `l}k c~u} kln3 DKVUN, ]d`u pvkenuu`u ehiinm nl}`} bnlnvhi`sh}`kl,

]dn nl}`} vnih}`klud`p m`hbvhg lkr ikkju i`jn }d`u3

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―0

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Mh}h Gkmni

Hmqhl}hbn 6N Mh}h Gkmni M`hbvhg

]dn vnih}`klud`pu }dh} hvn `mnl}`a`nm `l }dn nl}`} vnih}`klud`p m`hbvhg ehl fn}vhluih}nm }k Hmqhl}hbn 6N vnih}`klu, ]dnvn hvn n`bd} m`aanvnl} Hmqhl}hbn 6N

vnih}`klu ak~v ka rd`ed hvn ekggkli vnx~`vnm, ]dn p~vpkun ka }dn fhu`evnih}`klu r`ii fn ntpih`lnm `l }dn ek~vun ka }d`u }~}kv`hi hlm gkvn mn}h`iu gh fnkf}h`lnm avkg }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N ghl~hiu, ]dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N Mh}h GkmniM`hbvhg akv }d`u dkvun vhen hppi`eh}`kl ikkju i`jn }d`u3

Dhq`lb mnl}`a`nm }dn nl}`}`nu $a`inu) h}}v`f~}nu $a`nimu) hlm vnih}`klud`pu$vnih}`klu) rn hvn vnhm }k upne`a hlm mna`ln }dng r`}d`l }dn mh}h gkmni, ]d`u

pvkenuu `u `ii~u}vh}nm `l }dn akiikr`lb }kp`eu,

Hmqhl}hbn 6N Vnih}`klu

@l }d`u }kp`e k~ r`ii nl}nv u`gpin vnih}`klu mna`ln lnr Hmqhl}hbn 6N kfcne}u akv~un `l }dn vnih}`klu hlm m`upih }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N nl}v`nu hv`u`lb avkg }dnvnih}`klu,

Lnr }nvgu `l}vkm~enm3

▯ Hmqhl}hbn 6N vnih}`kl

Dhu vnih}`kl▯ Jlkrl f vnih}`kl

▯ Krlnm f vnih}`kl

▯ Vnanvu }k vnih}`kl

▯ Hmqhl}hbn 6N gkmni kfcne}

5―8? ]~}kv`hi

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Mh}h Gkmni

▯ a`in a`in h}}v`f~}n

▯ a`nim a`nim h}}v`f~}n $mh}h }pn)

▯ a`in nl}v

Lnr phlniu hvn `l}vkm~enm3

▯ Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu

▯ Mna`ln Kfcne}u

▯ Nm`} A`in Nl}v`nu

Kfcne}`qnu

Pk~ r`ii upne`a vnih}`klu }k mna`ln }dn DKVUN EK^VUN CKEJNP VHEN hlmVHEN NL]VP nl}`}`nu,

Kqnvq`nr ka Hmqhl}hbn 6N Vnih}`klu

]dn a`vu} u}np `l ~u`lb Hmqhl}hbn 6N `u }k mna`ln k~v fhu`e mh}h gkmni, Mk }d`uf }p`lb h l~gfnv ka vnih}`kl u}h}ngnl}u }k mna`ln }dn nl}`}`nu `l k~v mh}hgkmni,

Vnih}`kl u}h}ngnl}u dhqn }dn akvg3

Kfcne} * Vnih}`kl * Kfcne}

rdnvn3

Kfcne} `u hl Hmqhl}hbn 6N gkmni kfcne}, Gkmni kfcne}u hvn ~unm }k vnpvnunl} vnhirkvim nl}`}`nu u~ed hu EK^VUN DKVUN kv VHEN, ]dnvn hvn unqnvhi m`aanvnl}}pnu ka Hmqhl}hbn 6N gkmni kfcne}u, @l`}`hii rn lnnm kli eklu`mnv }rk }pnu3a`nimu $`}ngu ka mh}h) hlm a`inu, @l bnlnvhi }dn nl}`}`nu rn `mnl}`a`nm r`ii fnekgna`inu hlm }dn h}}v`f~}nu rn `mnl}`a`nm r`ii fnekgn a`nimu,

Vnih}`kl `u hl Hmqhl}hbn 6N vnih}`kl }pn, ]dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N vnih}`klu nu}hfi`ud}dn vnih}`klud`pu fn}rnnl a`nimu hlm a`inu hlm a`inu hlm k}dnv a`inu,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―88

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Mh}h Gkmni

]dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu _hlni

Rdnl k~ nl}nv k~v mh}h gkmni }dn a`vu} phlni k~ unn `u }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhunVnih}`klu phlni, ]d`u phlni `u }dn }kp'inqni phlni `l Hmqhl}hbn 6N,

Lk}n3 @a k~ dhqn lk} hivnhm nl}nvnm k~v gkmni k~ ehl mk uk lkr fnl}nv`lb }dn akiikr`lb ekgghlm kl hl KU+=?? Ekgghlm Nl}v i`ln,

PU]VP6 GPGMI

^u`lb }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni k~ gh nl}nv vnih}`kl u}h}ngnl}u }dh}mneihvn }dn nl}`}`nu `l k~v mh}h gkmni, ]dn phlni dhu }dvnn gh`l eki~glu `lrd`ed }dn vnih}`klu hvn nl}nvnm, ]dnun eki~glu hvn ihfninm Kfcne} Vnih}`kl hlmVnanvnlenm kfcne},

Lk}n3 ]dn U~fa`in unine}kv eki~gl kl }dn ina} in}u k~ nl}nv i`ln unine}`kl kp}`klu,]dn i`ln ka `lp~}'ehphfin a`nimu hiklb }dn }kp ka }dn phlni in}u k~ unine} rd`edgkmni kfcne}u r`}d`l k~v Hmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`bl gkmni }k m`upih, Fk}d r`ii fnntpih`lnm ih}nv `l }d`u }~}kv`hi,

Nl}nv`lb Vnih}`kl U}h}ngnl}u

Rkvj`lb }kp mkrl mna`ln }dn gku} fhu`e nl}`}`nu `l k~v mh}h gkmni3 EK^VUNhlm VHEN,

]k mk }d`u k~ r`ii ~un }dvnn m`aanvnl} Hmqhl}hbn 6N vnih}`klu3

Jlkrl fp Mneihvnu h a`nim }dh} `u phv} ka }dn pv`ghv jn }dh} ~l`x~ni `mnl}`a nu h a`in

Dhu Mneihvnu h lkl'jn a`nim $h}}v`f~}n) kl h a`in

5―86 ]~}kv`hi

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Mh}h Gkmni

Krlnm fp Upne`a`nu h vnih}`klud`p fn}rnnl }rk a`inu: }dn pv`ghv jn ka }dn krl`lb a`infnekgnu phv} ka }dn pv`ghv jn ka }dn krlnm a`in

Akv nthgpin `l }dn }~}kv`hi gkmni VHEN `u Krlnm f EK^VUN, EK^VUN `u~l`x~ni `mnl}`a`nm f h Ek~vun ekmn, U`len VHEN `u Krlnm f EK^VUN nhedVHEN `u ~l`x~ni `mnl}`a`nm f h ekgf`lh}`kl ka }dn EK^VUN h} rd`ed `} `u v~lh mh}n hlm h }`gn, Hu h vnu~i} }dn pv`ghv jn akv VHEN eklu`u}u ka Ek~vunekmn Vhen Mh}n hlm Vhen ]`gn,

]pn `l vnih}`klu hu udkrl hlm ~un }dn ]hf jn kv }dn A`nim Nt`} jn }k hmqhlen}k }dn lnt} a`nim kv i`ln,

Lk}n3 Akiikr`lb hvn }rk udkv}e~}u akv nl}nv`lb vnih}`klu,

▯ Pk~ ehl ~un }dn M^_ jn $`lm`eh}nm f }dn u}v`lb ka −—u `l }dn hfkqn phlni) }kvnm~en }dn hgk~l} ka }p`lb, Rdnl }dn e~vukv `u `l h a`nim hlm k~ pvnuu }dnM^_ jn qhi~nu avkg }dn pvnq`k~u i`ln r`ii fn m~pi`eh}nm kl }dn i`ln fnikrrdnl k~ pvnuu Nl}nv,

▯ Pk~ kli lnnm }k }pn }dn a`vu} in}}nv ka h vnih}`kl: akv nthgpin k~ ehl }pnJ kv K `l pihen ka Jlkrl f kv Krlnm f vnupne}`qni,

_vnuu Nl}nv ha}nv nl}nv`lb hii }dn vnih}`klu udkrl,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―85

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Mh}h Gkmni

Qhi`mh}`kl ka Vnih}`kl U}h}ngnl}u

Ha}nv pvnuu`lb Nl}nv }dn vnih}`kl u}h}ngnl}u k~ dhqn nl}nvnm hvn vnm`upihnmr`}d hl ~un ka }dn M^_ jn vnukiqnm, Hii lnr kfcne}u akv nthgpin a`inu hlm

a`nimu hvn d`bdi`bd}nm `l vnqnvun `ghbn }k `lm`eh}n }dh} k~ dhqn lk} n} mna`lnm}dng, Hl nvvkv gnuuhbn akv }dn a`vu} ~lmna`lnm `}ng ’‐Ek~vun‐ }pn A@I lk}ak~lm‗ `u m`upihnm h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn phlni,

Pk~ r`ii ~un }dn A8? jn }k mna`ln }dn kfcne}u k~ c~u} nl}nvnm, A`vu} pvnuu A6= }km`upih gkvn a~le}`kl jnu,

_vnuu A8? }k m`upih }dn Mna`ln Kfcne}u phlni rdnvn k~ r`ii nl}nv }dn mn}h`iulnnmnm }k mna`ln }dn kfcne}u,

5―8= ]~}kv`hi

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Mh}h Gkmni

Mna`l`lb Kfcne}u

]dn Mna`ln Kfcne}u phlni udkru nhed ka }dn lnr kfcne}u k~ nl}nvnm kl }dn Nm`}Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

Fhunm kl }dn vnih}`kl u}h}ngnl}u k~ nl}nvnm nhed lnr kfcne} `u h~}kgh}`ehiihuu`blnm kln ka }dn akiikr`lb }pnu3

▯ A@I $akv a`inu)

▯ AIM $akv a`nimu)

@l hmm`}`kl a`nimu hvn huu`blnm h ~uhbn hu akiikru3

▯ EMN $jn a`nimu)

▯ H]V $lkl'jn a`nimu)

Upne`a`lb Kfcne} H}}v`f~}nu

^u`lb }dn Mna`ln Kfcne}u phlni k~ g~u} upne`a hl kfcne} h}}v`f~}n akv nhed lnrkfcne}, Pk~ ehl q`nr h i`u} ka }dn hqh`ihfin kfcne} h}}v`f~}nu f }p`lb ; `l }dnkfcne} h}}v`f~}n a`nim, Kfcne} h}}v`f~}nu nlhfin Hmqhl}hbn 6N }k }hjn mnu`blmnah~i}u,

▯ Akv a`inu }dn kfcne} h}}v`f~}n upne`a`nu h a`in }pn rd`ed r`ii fn kln ka }dn

akiikr`lb `l }d`u }~}kv`hi3

― Vnanvnlen a`in $VNA) akv vnih}`qni u}h}`e ghu}nv a`inu

― Ehp}~vn a`in $E_]) akv }vhluhe}`kl a`inu

@l }dn nthgpin EK^VUN hlm VHEN hvn Vnanvnlen $VNA) a`inu,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―8>

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Mh}h Gkmni

▯ Akv a`nimu }dn kfcne} h}}v`f~}n upne`a`nu h mh}h }pn, $Hlk}dnv }nvg akv mh}h}pn `u a`nim }pn,) Akv nthgpin Ek~vun ekmn `u ka }pn EMN hlm Ek~vunlhgn `u ka }pn ]T],

]dn mh}h }pn eh~unu Hmqhl}hbn 6N }k h~}kgh}`ehii huu`bl mnah~i}edhvhe}nv`u}`eu }k h a`nim: akv nthgpin inlb}d hlm m`upih akvgh}, Pk~ ehlkqnvv`mn }dnun mnah~i}u ih}nv,

@l }d`u }~}kv`hi k~ r`ii ~un }dn akiikr`lb mh}h }pnu3

EMN”Hipdhl~gnv`e ekmn a`nim

]T]”Mnuev`p}`qn }nt}

QHI”Gkln}hv qhi~n

M]%”@UK mh}n

]G%”@UK }`gn

U]U”U}h}~u

X]P”X~hl}`}

LFV”_~vn l~gnv`e a`nim qhi~n

]pn }dn kfcne} h}}v`f~}nu hu udkrl, ^un }dn ]hf jn kv A`nim Nt`} jn }khmqhlen }k hlk}dnv a`nim kv i`ln,

_vnuu Nl}nv rdnl k~ dhqn }pnm hii kfcne} h}}v`f~}nu,

@a hii }dn kfcne} h}}v`f~}nu k~ upne`a`nm rnvn qhi`m Hmqhl}hbn 6Nh~}kgh}`ehii nt`}u }dn Mna`ln Kfcne}u phlni hlm vn}~vlu }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhunVnih}`klu phlni,

5―81 ]~}kv`hi

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Mh}h Gkmni

A`in Nl}v`nu

Hmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehii vnukiqnu nhed vnih}`kl k~ nl}nvnm kl }dn Nm`}Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni `l}k kln kv gkvn a`in nl}v`nu, H a`in nl}v `lm`eh}nu }dn

pvnunlen ka h a`nim kl h a`in, @l k}dnv rkvmu nhed Hmqhl}hbn 6N vnih}`kl eh~unukln kv gkvn a`nimu }k fn evnh}nm kl h a`in,

Ukgn nthgpinu hvn3

▯ ]dn Jlkrl fp vnih}`kl eh~unu h jn a`nim }k fn evnh}nm kl }dn lhgnm a`in

▯ ]dn Dhu vnih}`kl eh~unu hl h}}v`f~}n }k fn evnh}nm kl }dn lhgnm a`in

▯ ]dn Krlnm fp vnih}`kl eh~unu kln kv gkvn jn a`nimu }k fn evnh}nm kl }dnkrlnm a`in,

Pk~ ehl q`nr dkr Hmqhl}hbn 6N dhu vnukiqnm k~v vnih}`klu f m`upih`lb }dnnl}v`nu akv }dn a`in,

A`in Nl}v`nu akv EK^VUN

Pk~ ehl q`nr }dn nl}v`nu kl }dn EK^VUN a`in ~u`lb }dn Nm`} A`in Nl}v`nu phlni,Avkg }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni }pn N lnt} }k hl ka }dn vnih}`klu akv }dnEK^VUN a`in,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} A`in Nl}v`nu phlni, ]d`u phlni udkru }dn a`in nl}v`nuHmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehii evnh}nm akv }dn EK^VUN a`in fhunm kl }dn vnih}`kluk~ nl}nvnm akv }dn a`in,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―82

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Mh}h Gkmni

Akv nhed a`in nl}v }d`u phlni m`upihu }dn a`nim lhgnu }dn a`nim }pn rdn}dnv }dna`nim `u h jn a`nim $J) kv hl h}}v`f~}n $H) }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N bnlnvh}nm`gpingnl}h}`kl lhgn hlm }dn a`nim inlb}d, Lk}n }dh} Hmqhl}hbn 6N huu`blnm }dn`gpingnl}h}`kl lhgn hlm mnah~i} inlb}d fhunm kl }dn mh}h }pn k~ upne`a`nm:akv nthgpin akv a`nimu ka }pn EMN Hmqhl}hbn 6N huu`blu h ='edhvhe}nv`gpingnl}h}`kl lhgn nlm`lb `l EM hlm h mnah~i} inlb}d ka 1,

Lk}n3 Pk~ ehllk} ~pmh}n a`nimu kl }d`u phlni,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

A`in Nl}v`nu akv VHEN

Pk~ ehl nthg`ln }dn nl}v`nu `l }dn VHEN a`in hu k~ m`m akv }dn EK^VUN a`in,Avkg }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni }pn N hbh`lu} }dn VHEN a`in,

5―84 ]~}kv`hi

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Mh}h Gkmni

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih a`in nl}v`nu akv }dn VHEN a`in,

]dn VHEN a`in dhu }dvnn jn a`nim nl}v`nu vnu~i}`lb avkg }dn vnuki~}`kl ka }dnKrlnm f hlm Jlkrl f vnih}`klu, ]dn jn kvmnv `u vnekvmnm `l }dn Jux $jnunx~nlen) eki~gl, ]dn ghckv jn `u Ek~vun ekmn u`len VHEN `u Krlnm fEK^VUN,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―80

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Mh}h Gkmni

Hmm`lb Gkvn Vnih}`klu

Pk~ gh lkr hmm k}dnv a`inu }k }dn mh}h gkmni,

M`upih h lnr phlni f pvnuu`lb Vkii ^p,

Mneihv`lb Gkvn A`inu

Pk~ ehl mna`ln }dn VHEN NL]VP DKVUN hlm CKEJNP a`inu ~u`lb }dn Jlkrlf Dhu hlm Krlnm f vnih}`klu hu k~ m`m akv }dn EK^VUN hlm VHEN a`inu,

@l hmm`}`kl u`len VHEN NL]VP vnx~`vnu vnanvnlenu }k }dn DKVUN hlm CKEJNPa`inu k~ r`ii hiuk ~un }dn Vnanvu }k vnih}`kl, ]dn Vnanvu }k vnih}`kl upne`a`nu hvnih}`klud`p fn}rnnl }rk a`inu, @} eh~unu }dn jn nl}v`nu ka }dn vnanvnlenm a`in$DKVUN hlm CKEJNP) }k fnekgn akvn`bl jnu ka }dn vnanvnle`lb a`in $VHENNL]VP),

Lk}n }dh} h a`in gh vnanvnlen hlk}dnv a`in gkvn }dhl klen hu udkrl ih}nv `l }d`u}~}kv`hi,

]pn }dn VHEN NL]VP DKVUN hlm CKEJNP vnih}`klu,

5―6? ]~}kv`hi

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Mh}h Gkmni

_vnuu A8? }k mna`ln }dn lnr kfcne}u,

Mna`l`lb Kfcne}u

]dn Mna`ln Kfcne}u phlni m`upihu r`}d }dn kfcne} h}}v`f~}n eki~gl fihlj,

A`in H}}v`f~}nu

Upne`a }dn hppvkpv`h}n kfcne} h}}v`f~}nu `l kvmnv }k mna`ln }dn lnr kfcne}u }kHmqhl}hbn 6N, ]d`u vnx~`vnu }dn akiikr`lb }rk hmm`}`klhi h}}v`f~}nu3

E_]”Mh}hfhun ehp}~vn a`in

LFV”_~vn l~gnv`e a`nim qhi~n

]pn }dn kfcne} h}}v`f~}nu,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―68

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Mh}h Gkmni

_vnuu Nl}nv,

@a hii }dn kfcne} h}}v`f~}nu k~ upne`a`nm rnvn qhi`m Hmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehiint`}u }dn Mna`ln Kfcne}u phlni hlm vn}~vlu }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,Pk~ dhqn lkr a`l`udnm }dn }kp'inqni mna`l`}`kl ka k~v mh}h gkmni,

Mnin}`lb Vnih}`klu

Pk~ ehl mnin}n h vnih}`kl avkg }dn mh}h gkmni f }p`lb M hbh`lu} }dn vnih}`kl,Klen mnin}nm vn}p`lb }dng ehl vn`lu}h}n vnih}`klu,

Mke~gnl}`lb Vnih}`klu

]k kf}h`l h i`u}`lb ka }dn vnih}`klu }dh} k~ dhqn nl}nvnm ~un }dn Mke~gnl}Gkmni Vnih}`klu $PMKEGMIVNI) ekgghlm, A`vu} pvnuu A82 avkg }dn Nm`}Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni }k m`upih }dn M`upih Unvq`enu Gnl~, ]dnl mk n`}dnv ka}dn akiikr`lb,

▯ _vnuu A0 }k m`upih h ekgghlm nl}v i`ln }pn }dn PMKEGMIVNI ekgghlm hlm pvnuu Nl}nv

▯ Unine} }dn Mke~gnl}h}`kl gnl~ kp}`kl }k m`upih h i`u} ka mke~gnl}h}`klekgghlmu hlm unine} Mke~gnl} gkmni vnih}`klu

Rdnl k~ a`l`ud pvnuu A5 ~l}`i k~ vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

5―66 ]~}kv`hi

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A`nim Mn}h`iu hlm Eklm`}`klu

A`nim Mn}h`iu hlm Eklm`}`klu

Dhq`lb nl}nvnm vnih}`klu }k mna`ln k~v mh}h gkmni k~ g~u} lkr hmm gkvnmn}h`inm `lakvgh}`kl hfk~} }dn a`nimu, ]d`u `lei~mnu mna`l`lb u`gpin qhi`mh}`klv~inu hlm upne`a`lb hl vnx~`vnm kqnvv`mnu }k }dn mnah~i}u Hmqhl}hbn 6Nhuu`blnm akv a`nim pvkpnv}`nu: akv nthgpin a`nim inlb}d,

]d`u }kp`e mnuev`fnu }dn a`nim mn}h`iu hlm dkr }k hmm a`nim eklm`}`kl `lakvgh}`kl}k k~v mh}h gkmni,

Lnr }nvgu `l}vkm~enm3

▯ a`nim eklm`}`kl

▯ QHI eklm`}`kl }pn

▯ IU] eklm`}`kl

▯ ednej eklm`}`kl

▯ unine}`kl i`ln

Lnr phlniu l}vkm~enm3

▯ Nm`} A`nim Mn}h`iu

▯ Nm`} A`nim Eklm`}`klu

▯ Nm`} A`nim Eklm`}`kl Mn}h`iu

Kfcne}`qnu

Pk~ r`ii mna`ln eklm`}`klu }k upne`a }dn hiikrnm qhi~nu akv }dn Dkvun bnlmnva`nim,

Kqnvq`nr ka A`nim Mn}h`iu

A`nim mn}h`iu upne`a }dn pvkpnv}`nu ka h b`qnl a`nim u~ed hu inlb}d }nt}qhi`mh}`kl hlm gpingnl}h}`kl lhgn,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―65

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A`nim Mn}h`iu hlm Eklm`}`klu

Kqnvq`nr ka A`nim Eklm`}`klu

A`nim eklm`}`klu mna`ln hiikrnm qhi~nu akv a`nimu, Eklm`}`klu vnekvm fk}d }dnqhi~nu }dh} h a`nim gh }hjn hlm }dn gnhl`lb }dh} }dn qhi~nu vnpvnunl},

Eklm`}`klu ehl fn ~unm `l h l~gfnv ka rhu, ]dn gku} ekggkl ~unu kaeklm`}`klu hvn3

▯ Qhi`mh}`lb }dn nl}v ka mh}h

▯ Upne`a`lb unine}`kl kv kg`uu`kl ka mh}h avkg h ikb`ehi q`nr ka }dn mh}h

▯ Upne`a`lb }dn pvkenuu`lb eklm`}`klu `l h pvkbvhg }dh} kpnvh}nu kl }dn mh}h

A`nim Mn}h`iu

]k kf}h`l }dn a`nim mn}h`iu akv h a`nim k~ r`ii unine} }dn hppvkpv`h}n vnih}`kl

u}h}ngnl} i`ln kl }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni hlm }pn S6 hbh`lu} }d`ukfcne}, ]dn mn}h`iu ka }dn vnanvnlenm kfcne} r`ii fn m`upihnm, Lk}n }dh} }dn U~fa`inunine}kv kp}`klu S8 hlm S fk}d b`qn mn}h`iu ka }dn a`vu} kfcne} `l }dn vnih}`kl,

A`nim Mn}h`i M`upih akv Dkvun Bnlmnv

@l }d`u ehun }dn Dkvun bnlmnv a`nim ka }dn DKVUN a`in r`ii fn ~unm }k `ii~u}vh}neklm`}`klu, ]pn S6 hbh`lu} }dn DKVUN Dhu Dkvun bnlmnv vnih}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} A`nim Mn}h`iu phlni akv Dkvun bnlmnv,

5―6= ]~}kv`hi

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A`nim Mn}h`iu hlm Eklm`}`klu

]dn Nm`} A`nim Mn}h`iu phlni udkru `lakvgh}`kl akv }dn a`nim, Gku} ka }dn mn}h`iuakv nthgpin a`nim inlb}d mnah~i} hppvkpv`h}ni heekvm`lb }k }dn a`nim‐u mh}h }pn,

@} `u pkuu`fin }k kqnvv`mn }dn mnah~i} qhi~nu `a vnx~`vnm, Rn r`ii m`ue~uu dkr }kedhlbn }dn a`nim lhgn h} h ih}nv u}hbn `l }d`u }~}kv`hi,

A`nim Eklm`}`klu

Kln ~un ka a`nim eklm`}`klu `u }k ednej }dh} }dn qhi~n nl}nvnm akv h a`nim `u qhi`mm~v`lb mh}h nl}v, ]d`u `u mkln f upne`a`lb h Ednej eklm`}`kl, F mnah~i} lka`nim qhi`mh}`kl }hjnu pihen, ]d`u `u `lm`eh}nm f #LKLN akv }dn Ednej eklm`}`kl

a`nim kl }dn Nm`} A`nim Mn}h`iu phlni,

H dkvun‐u bnlmnv ehl kli fn kln ka }rk qhi~nu3 ghin kv anghin, Eklm`}`klu }kednej akv }dnun qhi~nu ehl fn h}}hednm }k }dn Dkvun bnlmnv a`nim ka }dn DKVUNa`in hu akiikru,

Hmm`lb h A`nim Eklm`}`kl

Avkg }dn Nm`} A`nim Mn}h`iu phlni akv }dn Dkvun bnlmnv a`nim pvnuu A0 }k m`upih}dn Nm`} A`nim Eklm`}`klu phlni, ]d`u phlni udkru }dn hqh`ihfin eklm`}`klu akv }dna`nim, @l`}`hii }dnvn hvn lkln,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―6>

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A`nim Mn}h`iu hlm Eklm`}`klu

]k hmm h a`nim eklm`}`kl }pn }dn lhgn hlm }pn ka }dn eklm`}`kl, @l }d`u }~}kv`hikln qhi~n }dn Dkvun bnlmnv a`nim ehl }hjn `u U}hii`kl,

Pk~ mna`lnm Dkvun bnlmnv hu h u}h}~u a`nim $a`nim }pn U]U), U}h}~u a`nimu ghkli }hjn m`uevn}n qhi~nu uk }dn kli eklm`}`kl }pnu hiikrnm akv }d`u }pn kaa`nim hvn u`lbin qhi~nu $QHI) kv h i`u} ka qhi~nu $IU]), U}hii`kl `u h u`lbin qhi~n uk`} `u ka }pn QHI,

]pn }dn eklm`}`kl lhgn U}hii`kl r`}d h }pn ka QHI,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} A`nim Eklm`}`kl Mn}h`iu phlni,

5―61 ]~}kv`hi

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A`nim Mn}h`iu hlm Eklm`}`klu

A`nim Eklm`}`kl Mn}h`iu

]dn Nm`} A`nim Eklm`}`kl Mn}h`iu in}u k~ upne`a }dn he}~hi qhi~n }dh} `u }k fnu}kvnm kl }dn mh}hfhun a`in }k vnpvnunl} h phv}`e~ihv eklm`}`kl, Akv nthgpin k~

ehl m`u}`lb~`ud fn}rnnl }dn mna`l`}`kl ka }dn eklm`}`kl $U}hii`kl) hlm }dn qhi~n~unm }k vnpvnunl} }dn eklm`}`kl kl a`in $G),

Hmm`lb A`nim Eklm`}`kl Mn}h`i

]dn eklm`}`kl qhi~n $kv U}h}~u qhi~n) akv U}hii`kl `u }k fn vnpvnunl}nm f hl G `l}d`u }~}kv`hi, Lk}n }dh} eklm`}`kl qhi~nu g~u} fn ~l`x~n akv nhed a`nim, Akvnthgpin G ek~im lk} vnpvnunl} }rk m`aanvnl} bnlmnv eklm`}`klu,

]pn }dn eklm`}`kl qhi~n G,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Ha}nv pvnuu`lb Nl}nv }dn phlni `u vnm`upihnm r`}d }dn gnuuhbn ’Eklm`}`kl—U}hii`kl‐ hmmnm‗ }k `lm`eh}n }dh} }dn eklm`}`kl dhu fnnl u~eenuua~ii hmmnm,

Hmm`lb Hlk}dnv Eklm`}`kl

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii hmm hlk}dnv eklm`}`kl qhi~n akv ghvnu, Pk~ ehl kqnvrv`}n}dn m`upihnm qhi~nu `l kvmnv }k nl}nv }d`u hmm`}`klhi a`nim eklm`}`kl,

@l }d`u ehun k~ ehl kqnvrv`}n U}hii`kl r`}d Ghvn hlm G r`}d A, ]pn }dn mn}h`iuka }dn lnt} eklm`}`kl,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―62

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A`nim Mn}h`iu hlm Eklm`}`klu

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vnm`upih }dn phlni r`}d }dn gnuuhbn ’Eklm`}`kl —Ghvn‐ hmmnm,‗

_vnuu A5 }k nt`} hlm vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} A`nim Eklm`}`klu phlni,

Q`nr`lb A`nim Eklm`}`klu

Kl }dn Nm`} A`nim Eklm`}`klu phlni akv }dn Dkvun bnlmnv a`nim k~ udk~im lkrunn h i`u} ka }dn eklm`}`klu }dh} k~ dhqn c~u} hmmnm, Lk}n }dh} h upne`hi eklm`}`kldhu fnnl hmmnm h~}kgh}`ehii, ]d`u `u }dn eklm`}`kl ehiinm #HII qhi~nu udkrl h}}dn }kp ka }dn i`u} ka eklm`}`klu, ]dn #HII qhi~nu eklm`}`kl ehl fn ~unm rdnl k~r`ud }k upne`a }dh} h a`nim gh }hjn hl kln ka }dn `lm`q`m~hi qhi~nu i`u}nm,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} A`nim Mn}h`iu phlni,

5―64 ]~}kv`hi

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A`nim Mn}h`iu hlm Eklm`}`klu

Upne`a`lb h Ednej Eklm`}`kl

Lk}`en }dn Ednej eklm`}`kl a`nim kl }dn Nm`} A`nim Mn}h`iu phlni, ]d`u a`nim`lm`eh}nu }dn qhi~nu }dh} hvn hiikrnm akv }dn Dkvun bnlmnv a`nim, @l`}`hii }dn

Ednej eklm`}`kl `u #LKLN `lm`eh}`lb }dh} hl qhi~n `u hiikrnm akv }dn a`nim, @ak~ upne`a }dn i`u} eklm`}`kl #HII qhi~nu `} `lm`eh}nu }dh} }dn a`nim g~u} uh}`uakln ka }dn phv}`e~ihv qhi~n eklm`}`klu }dh} k~ dhqn mna`lnm: `l k}dnv rkvmu `}pvkq`mnu qhi`mh}`kl m~v`lb mh}h nl}v, @a k~ upne`a kln ka }dn eklm`}`klu }dh}k~ dhqn c~u} mna`lnm `} `gpkunu upne`a`e qhi`mh}`kl kl }dn a`nim,

Pk~ ehl }pn ; `l }dn Ednej eklm`}`kl a`nim }k q`nr h unine}`kl i`u} ka nt`u}`lbeklm`}`klu, @l }d`u }~}kv`hi hii dkvunu g~u} fn n`}dnv ghvnu kv u}hii`klu, ]dn ednejeklm`}`kl #HII Qhi~nu u hppvkpv`h}n,

]pn #HII qhi~nu akv }dn Ednej eklm`}`kl a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―60

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A`nim Mn}h`iu hlm Eklm`}`klu

Lk}n }dh} h _vkgp} a~le}`kl a`nim lkr m`upihu, Hu h vnu~i} rdnl }dn nlm ~unv ka}dn ekgp`inm hppi`eh}`kl pku`}`klu }dn e~vukv kl }dn Dkvun bnlmnv a`nim hlmn`}dnv nl}nvu ; kv pvnuunu A= h unine}`kl i`u} ka }dn eklm`}`klu k~ mna`lnm r`ii fnm`upihnm,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

Ntnve`unu

Fnakvn ekl}`l~`lb r`}d }dn vnu} ka }dn }~}kv`hi ekgpin}n }dn akiikr`lb ntnve`unu~u`lb }dn uhgn pvkenuu k~ ~unm }k mna`ln eklm`}`klu akv Dkvun bnlmnv,

8, Hmm eklm`}`klu }k mna`ln }dn hiikrnm qhi~nu akv }dn Ckejn bnlmnv a nim,

6, Hmm eklm`}`klu }k mna`ln }dn hiikrnm qhi~nu akv }dn Bk`lb eklm`}`klu a`nimkl }dn VHEN a`in: akv nthgpin A`vg Bkkm hlm Uka},

5, Hmm eklm`}`klu }k mna`ln }dn hiikrnm qhi~nu akv }dn Nl}v U}h}~u a`nim kl }dnVHEN NL]VP a`in: akv nthgpin Lk} n} v~l A`l`udnm Uevh}ednm hlmM`ux~hi`a`nm,

5―5? ]~}kv`hi

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A`nim Mn}h`iu hlm Eklm`}`klu

M`upih`lb Unine}nm Vnih}`klu

Lkr }dh} k~ dhqn upne`a`nm }dn vnih}`klu k~ ehl ~un }dn anh}~vnu ka }dn Nm`}Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni }k m`upih unine}nm kfcne}u,

Kl }dn }kp ka }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni hvn a`nimu }dh} in} k~ pku`}`kl}dn m`upih h} }dn phv} ka }dn gkmni k~ rhl} }k q`nr hlm in} k~ ekl}vki rd`edHmqhl}hbn 6N vnih}`klu hvn m`upihnm, ]dn i`ln }dh} ekl}h`lu }dnun a`nimu `uvnanvvnm }k hu }dn unine}`kl i`ln, ]pn ; `l hl une}`kl ka }dn i`ln }k m`upih }dnqhi~nu hqh`ihfin akv unine}`kl, @a k~ nl}nv h in}}nv $kv u}v`lb ka in}}nvu) akiikrnm f

hl hu}nv`uj $−) `l }dn Kfcne} kv Vnanvnlenm kfcne} eki~glu kli }dkun Hmqhl}hbn6N kfcne}u rdkun lhgnu fnb`l r`}d }dh} in}}nv $kv in}}nvu) r`ii fn unine}nm hlmm`upihnm,

@l }dn lnt} }kp`e k~ r`ii rkvj r`}d }dn DKVUN a`in, Pk~ ehl u`gpi`a }dnm`upih f unine}`lb hlm m`upih`lb kli }dkun vnih}`klu }dh} mna`ln }dn DKVUN

a`in, Mk }d`u f }p`lb }dn a`in lhgn akiikrnm f hl hu}nv`uj kl }dn unine}`kl i`ln,Pk~ r`ii ~un }d`u }nedl`x~n ka}nl `l }d`u }~}kv`hi,

]pn Dkvun# `l }dn Kfcne} eki~gl ka }dn unine}`kl i`ln,

_vnuu Nl}nv, Hmqhl}hbn 6N m`upihu kli }dkun vnih}`klu }dh} mna`ln }dn DKVUNa`in,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―58

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Nt}nlm`lb Vnih}`klu

Lk}n3 @a }dn unine}`kl i`ln `u fihlj k~ hvn vn}~vlnm }k }dn fnb`ll`lb ka }dnHmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`bl gkmni rdnl }dn phlni `u vnikhmnm akv nthgpin `a k~pvnuu A> kv Nl}nv,

Nt}nlm`lb Vnih}`klu

]d`u }kp`e a~v}dnv vna`lnu }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N mh}h gkmni`lb ihlb~hbn hlm`l}vkm~enu vnih}`kl nt}nlu`kl,

Lnr }nvgu l}vkm~enm3

▯ Nt}nlmnm vnih}`klu

▯ Udhv`lb

▯ Akv }nt}

▯ @lqki~}`kl $unia'vnanvnle`lb vnih}`kl)

▯ Vnih}`kl unx~nlen

Kfcne}`qnu

Pk~ r`ii hmm vnih}`klu }k }dn DKVUN a`in }k upne`a nhed dkvun‐u phvnl}u$pnm`bvnn),

5―56 ]~}kv`hi

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Nt}nlm`lb Vnih}`klu

Kqnvq`nr ka Vnih}`kl Nt}nlu`kl

Hu m`ue~uunm pvnq`k~ui kln a`in ehl fn huuke`h}nm r`}d hlk}dnv f gnhlu ka }dnVnanvu }k vnih}`kl, Akv nthgpin k~v mh}h gkmni ekl}h`lu }dn VHEN NL]VP

Vnanvu }k DKVUN hlm VHEN NL]VP Vnanvu }k CKEJNP vnih}`klu, Lk}n }dh} u`len}dn vnanvnlenm a`in `l }dnun }rk vnih}`klu hvn m`aanvnl} }dnvn `u lk m`aa`e~i} `lm`u}`lb~`ud`lb fn}rnnl }dng,

H a`in ehl hiuk vnanvnlen hlk}dnv a`in gkvn }dhl klen, @l kvmnv }k m`u}`lb~`udhgklb g~i}`pin vnanvnlenu }k }dn uhgn a`in Hmqhl}hbn 6N pvkq`mnu hl nt}nlmnmakvg ka }dn Vnanvu }k vnih}`kl }dh} in}u k~ upne`a m`aanvnlenu hgklb }dn vnih}`klu~u`lb Akv }nt},

@l hmm`}`kl h a`in ehl vnanv }k `}unia, ]d`u `u jlkrl hu `lqki~}`kl kv h unia'vnanvnle`lbvnih}`kl,

@lqki~}`kl hlm }dn Dkvun _nm`bvnnu

Kln ka }dn p~vpkunu ka }d`u hppi`eh}`kl `u }k vnekvm mn}h`iu ka nhed dkvun‐u phvnl}u$Mhg hlm U`vn), ]k mk uk k~ r`ii lnnm }k ~un fk}d }dn nt}nlmnm akvg ka }dnVnanvu }k vnih}`kl hlm `lqki~}`kl,

U`len h dkvun‐u phvnl}u hvn hiuk dkvunu }k vnekvm }dn dkvun‐u phvnl}u vnx~`vnu }rkDKVUN Vnanvu }k DKVUN vnih}`klu kln akv nhed phvnl}, ]d`u `u udkrl `l }dnakiikr`lb m`hbvhg,

Fneh~un }dn DKVUN a`in vnanvu }k `}unia gkvn }dhl klen k~ r`ii lnnm }k ~un }dnnt}nlmnm akvg ka }dn Vnanvu }k vnih}`kl `l kvmnv }k m`u}`lb~`ud fn}rnnl }dn }rk

vnih}`klu,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―55

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Nt}nlm`lb Vnih}`klu

Hmm`lb Gkvn Vnih}`klu

@a k~ dhqn lk} hivnhm mkln uk }pn Dkvun# kl }dn unine}`kl i`ln kl }dn Nm`}Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni }k m`upih kli }dn vnih}`klu }dh} mna`ln }dn DKVUN a`in,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Pk~ hvn lkr vnhm }k hmm }dn vnih}`klu }dh} mna`ln }dn dkvun‐u phvnl}u, ]k hmmvnanvnlenu }k h dkvun‐u phvnl}u }pn }dn Dkvun Vnanvu }k Dkvun vnih}`kl }r`en: klenakv }dn Mhg hlm klen akv }dn U`vn, ]pn }dn DKVUN Vnanvu }k DKVUN vnih}`klu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Unx~nlen ka Vnih}`klu

Fnakvn nt}nlm`lb }dn Vnanvu }k vnih}`klu akv }dn DKVUN a`in k~ lnnm }k nlu~vn}dh} }dnun }rk vnih}`klu vngh`l h} }dn nlm ka }dn vnih}`klu akv }dn DKVUN a`in, ]dn`gpkv}hlen ka }d`u r`ii fnekgn hpphvnl} ih}nv `l }dn m`ue~uu`kl ka q`v}~hi a`nimu,

Rdnlnqnv }dn mh}h gkmni `u vnikhmnm akv nthgpin rdnl k~ pvnuu A>Hmqhl}hbn 6N vnm`upihu }dn vnih}`klu `l }dn akiikr`lb kvmnv3

▯ A`vu} hipdhfn}`ehii f a`in lhgn

▯ ]dnl r`}d`l nhed a`in `l vnih}`kl kvmnv akv nthgpin Krlnm f fnakvn

Jlkrl f fnakvn Vnanvu }k fnakvn Dhu▯ ]dnl f vnanvnlenm kfcne}u `l }dn kvmnv `l rd`ed k~ nl}nvnm }dng

Pk~ ehl kqnvv`mn }d`u kvmnv f nl}nv`lb unx~nlen l~gfnvu }k }dn vnih}`klu `l }dnUnx eki~gl kl }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

5―5= ]~}kv`hi

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Nt}nlm`lb Vnih}`klu

Pk~ r`ii }pn unx~nlen l~gfnvu 8? }k 2? uk }dh} }dn Vnanvu }k vnih}`klu vngh`l h}}dn nlm ka }dn i`u} rdnl }dn phlni `u vnikhmnm, @a k~ mk lk} mk }d`u }dn }rk Vnanvu}k vnih}`klu r`ii fn pihenm ha}nv }dn Jlkrl f vnih}`kl `lu}nhm,

]pn }dn unx~nlen l~gfnvu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Nt}nlm`lb Vnih}`klu

]dn }rk DKVUN Vnanvu }k DKVUN vnih}`klu ehl fn m`u}`lb~`udnm f nt}nlm`lb

}dn Vnanvu }k vnih}`klu hlm mna`l`lb Akv }nt}, ]k mk }d`u }pn * lnt} }k nhed ka}dkun vnih}`klu,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―5>

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Nt}nlm`lb Vnih}`klu

_vnuu A>,

Nt}nlmnm Vnih}`klu akv DKVUN A`in

]dn }rk DKVUN Vnanvu }k DKVUN vnih}`klu hvn lkr udkrl `l hl nt}nlmnm akvg}dh} hiikru k~ }k upne`a }rk nt}vh }nvgu kl }dn vnih}`kl, Hl Vnanvu }k kvKrlnm f vnih}`kl ehl fn nt}nlmnm `l }d`u rh,

Nt}nlm`lb h vnih}`kl `l}vkm~enu }dn }rk akiikr`lb a`nimu3

▯ Akv a`nim

]dn Akv a`nim in}u k~ upne`a }dn vnhukl akv nhed vnih}`kl, @l }d`u }~}kv`hi k~r`ii ~un }d`u a`nim }k m`u}`lb~`ud }dn }rk DKVUN Vnanvu }k DKVUN vnih}`klu:`l k}dnv rkvmu DKVUN Vnanvu }k DKVUN akv Mhg hlm DKVUN Vnanvu }kDKVUN akv U`vn,

▯ Udhv`lb a`nim

]dn nl}v `l }dn Udhv`lb a`nim `lm`eh}nu rdn}dnv }dn ekggkl jnu ka }dn }rkvnih}`klu hvn }k fn udhvnm, #HII `u }dn mnah~i}, ]d`u a`nim hppi`nu kli rdnl}dn vnanvnlenm a`in dhu gkvn }dhl kln jn a`nim nl}v, @l }d`u }~}kv`hi u`len}dn DKVUN a`in dhu kli kln jn a`nim nl}v $Dkvun ekmn) k~ ehl }hjn }dnmnah~i},

5―51 ]~}kv`hi

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Nt}nlm`lb Vnih}`klu

Nthgpin Udkr`lb ^un ka }dn Udhv`lb A`nim

Akiikr`lb `u h fv`na mnuev`p}`kl ka h u`}~h}`kl rdnvn k~ rk~im lnnm }k nl}nv hqhi~n akv }dn Udhv`lb a`nim, U~ppkun k~v gkmni `lei~mnu h FVNNM a`in }dh} `u

Jlkrl f Fvnnm ekmn hlm }dh} }dn DKVUN a`in `u Krlnm f FVNNM, ]dn Krlnmf vnih}`kl eh~unu Fvnnm ekmn }k fnekgn h jn nl}v kl DKVUN b`q`lb DKVUN}rk jnu Fvnnm ekmn hlm Dkvun ekmn, ]k `lm`eh}n }dh} h dkvun ehl fn fvnm klir`}d hlk}dnv dkvun ka }dn uhgn fvnnm $uhgn Fvnnm ekmn) nl}nv #HII akv }dnUdhv`lb a`nim, ]k `lm`eh}n }dh} h dkvun ehl fn fvnm r`}d h dkvun ka h m`aanvnl}fvnnm nl}nv #LKLN akv }dn Udhv`lb a`nim,

Hmm`lb Mn}h`iu ka Nt}nlmnm Vnih}`klu

Pk~ ehl lkr upne`a }nt} }k mnuev`fn }dn nt}nlmnm vnih}`klu3 Mhg akv }dn a`vu}vnih}`kl hlm U`vn akv }dn uneklm, ]pn }dn nt}nlmnm vnih}`kl mn}h`iu Mhg hlm

U`vn,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

A`nim Nl}v`nu akv DKVUN

]dn nl}v`nu kl }dn DKVUN a`in hvn h~}kgh}`ehii ~pmh}nm f Hmqhl}hbn 6N }k`lei~mn }dn }rk lnr Vnanvu }k vnih}`klu, Nthg`ln }dn nl}v`nu kl }dn DKVUN a`in

f }p`lb N `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―52

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Nt}nlm`lb Vnih}`klu

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} A`in Nl}v`nu phlni,

Lk}n }dh} }dn vnuki~}`kl ka }dn }rk Vnanvu }k vnih}`klu hmmnm }rk akvn`bl jnnl}v`nu }k }dn DKVUN a`in Mhg Dkvun ekmn hlm U`vn Dkvun ekmn, Hmqhl}hbn 6Nfhunm }dn mna`l`}`kl ka }dnun a`nimu kl }dh} ka }dn Dkvun ekmn a`nim hlm hu h vnu~i}huu`blnm }dn h}}v`f~}n EMN, VNA akiikr`lb }dn h}}v`f~}n `lm`eh}nu }dh} }dn a`nimnl}v rhu vnukiqnm avkg h Vnanvu }k vnih}`kl,

5―54 ]~}kv`hi

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Nt}nlm`lb Vnih}`klu

Huu`bl`lb ^l`x~n Lhgnu }k A`nim Nl}v`nu

Lkvghii }dn lhgn ka h akvn`bl jn `u }dn uhgn hu }dn lhgn ka }dn kv`b`lhi jna`nim: `l }d`u ehun Dkvun ekmn, Dkrnqnv Hmqhl}hbn 6N a`inu ehllk} ekl}h`l

m~pi`eh}n a`nim lhgnu, ]k huu`bl ~l`x~n lhgnu }k }dn }rk lnr akvn`bl jnnl}v`nu Hmqhl}hbn 6N pvna`tnm Dkvun ekmn r`}d }dn Akv }nt} k~ nl}nvnm, @a k~dhm lk} nl}nvnm Akv }nt} Hmqhl}hbn 6N rk~im dhqn hmmnm h >'m`b`} l~gfnv }kDkvun ekmn }k evnh}n h ~l`x~n lhgn r`}d`l }dn DKVUN a`in: akv nthgpin Dkvunekmn 6>1=6,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

Udkr`lb hlm D`m`lb Vnih}`kl Nt}nlu`kl I`lnu

Pk~ ehl ~un }dn A1 ekgghlm jn }k }kbbin fn}rnnl udkr`lb hlm d`m`lb vnih}`kl

nt}nlu`kl i`lnu, Lk}n }dh} }dn mnah~i} nt}nlu`kl i`lnu hvn hirhu d`mmnl,

_vnuu A1 }k d`mn }dn vnih}`kl nt}nlu`kl i`lnu akv }dn }rk DKVUN Vnanvu }k DKVUNvnih}`klu,

_vnuu A1 hbh`l }k udkr }dn vnih}`kl nt}nlu`kl i`lnu,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―50

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Q`v}~hi A`nimu

Q`v}~hi A`nimu

]d`u }kp`e m`ue~uunu }dn p~vpkun ka q`v}~hi a`nimu hlm dkr }k upne`a }dng r`}d`lHmqhl}hbn 6N,

Lnr }nvgu l}vkm~enm3

▯ Q`v}~hi a`nim

▯ Q`v}~hi a`nim nl}v

Lnr phlni l}vkm~enm3

▯ Nm`} Q`v}~hi A`nim Nl}v`nu

Kqnvq`nr ka Q`v}~hi A`nimu

H bkkm mh}hfhun mnu`bl ni`g`lh}nu vnm~lmhle: `l k}dnv rkvmu nhed `}ng kamh}h udk~im fn u}kvnm `l kli kln pihen vh}dnv }dhl dhq`lb g~i}`pin ekp`nu klm`aanvnl} a`inu, ]dn KU+=?? ck`l ikb`ehi a`in `u h gnedhl`ug akv f~`im`lb q`nru }dh}huungfin mh}h avkg m`aanvnl} a`inu,

@l Hmqhl}hbn 6N k~ r`ii ~un q`v}~hi a`nimu }k mnu`bl u~ed q`nru, H q`v}~hi a`nim `uh a`nim }dh} `u ikb`ehii f~} lk} pdu`ehii pvnunl} kl h a`in, Hmqhl}hbn 6N q`v}~hia`nimu hvn `gpingnl}nm }dvk~bd KU+=?? ck`l ikb`ehi a`inu,

Lk}n }dh} }dnvn hvn ukgn i`g`}h}`klu hu }k dkr q`v}~hi a`nimu gh fn ~unm `la~le}`klu,

Upne`a`lb Q`v}~hi A`nimu

Rdnl h a`in `u vnanvnlenm f hlk}dnv a`in f gnhlu ka h Vnanvu }k vnih}`kl nl}v`nuhvn h~}kgh}`ehii evnh}nm kl }dn vnanvnle`lb a`in akv }dn jn a`nimu ka }dnvnanvnlenm a`in, ]dnun hvn jlkrl hu akvn`bl jnu hlm hvn udkrl `l fkim `l }dna`b~vn fnikr,

]k `lei~mn h lkl'jn a`nim avkg }dn vnanvnlenm a`in `l }dn vnanvnle`lb a`in k~lnnm }k upne`a `} hu h q`v}~hi a`nim, ]d`u ghjnu }dn a`nim hqh`ihfin akv ~un `l }dna~le}`klu }dh} kpnvh}n ~pkl }dn vnanvnle`lb a`in,

Akv nthgpin }k `lei~mn }dn lhgn ka }dn dkvun rdnl m`upih`lb }dn VHENNL]VP a`in upne`a Dkvun lhgn hu h q`v}~hi a`nim kl }dn VHEN NL]VP a`in, Hu hvnu~i} Dkvun lhgn `u pdu`ehii pvnunl} kl }dn DKVUN a`in hlm `u ikb`ehii f~}lk} pdu`ehii pvnunl} kl }dn VHEN NL]VP a`in, ]d`u `u udkrl `l `}hi`eu `l }dnakiikr`lb a`b~vn,

5―=? ]~}kv`hi

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Q`v}~hi A`nimu

Lk}n }dh} }d`u uhgn ehphf`i`} `u hqh`ihfin rdnl }rk a`inu hvn huuke`h}nm r`}dnhed k}dnv f gnhlu ka hl Krlnm f vnih}`kl, @l k}dnv rkvmu lkl'jn a`nimuavkg }dn krl`lb a`in gh fn `lei~mnm `l }dn krlnm a`in hu q`v}~hi a`nimu,

Q`v}~hi A`nimu akv Mn}h`iu ka h Dkvun‐u Mhg hlm U`vn

]dn DKVUN a`in lkr `lei~mnu Mhg Dkvun ekmn hlm U`vn Dkvun ekmn hu h vnu~i} ka}dn Vnanvu }k vnih}`klu, @l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii upne a Dkvun lhgn hlm Mh}n ka f`v}dhu q`v}~hi a`nimu kl }dn DKVUN a`in uk k~ ehl vnanv }k }dn lhgnu hlm mh}nu kaf`v}d akv h dkvun‐u Mhg hlm U`vn,

]d`u `lakvgh}`kl `u hivnhm pvnunl} `l }dn mh}hfhun, ]k vn}v`nqn }d`u mh}h kl}k }dnDKVUN a`in k~ lnnm }k upne`a }dn hmm`}`klhi a`nimu }k fn q`v}~hi a`nimu kl }dnhppvkpv`h}n Vnanvu }k vnih}`klu,

Unx~nlen ka Vnih}`klu hlm Q`v}~hi A`nimu

R`}d h unia'vnanvnle`lb a`in u~ed hu DKVUN }dn unx~nlen l~gfnvu k~ nl}nvnmpvnq`k~ui hbh`lu} }dn mh}hfhun vnih}`klu hvn u`bl`a`ehl} rdnl upne`a`lb q`v}~hia`nimu,

Hmqhl}hbn 6N ~unu h u`lbin'phuu hibkv`}dg }k vnukiqn nl}v`nu kl h a`in, RdnlHmqhl}hbn 6N ikkju akv q`v}~hi a`nimu `} vnukiqnu hii }dn vnih}`klu akv }dnvnanvnlenm a`in `l }dn kvmnv }dh} }dn hppnhv kl }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,]dn akiikr`lb a`b~vn udkru fk}d }dn mnah~i} vnih}`kl kvmnv akv }dn DKVUN a`inhlm }dn kvmnv mn}nvg`lnm f }dn unx~nlen l~gfnvu k~ nl}nvnm nhvi`nv `l }d`u}~}kv`hi,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―=8

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Q`v}~hi A`nimu

Fneh~un }dn DKVUN a`in vnanvu }k `}unia hl vnih}`klu }dh} kee~v ha}nv }dn Vnanvu }kDKVUN vnih}`klu r`ii lk} dhqn fnnl vnukiqnm h} }dn }`gn Hmqhl}hbn 6N h}}ngp}u}k vnukiqn }dn q`v}~hi a`nimu akv }dn Vnanvu }k vnih}`klu, @l k}dnv rkvmu `a k~ dhmlk} `lunv}nm unx~nlen l~gfnvu akv }dn DKVUN a`in vnih}`klu }dn Dhu vnih}`klu

rk~im lk} dhqn fnnl vnukiqnm h} }dn }`gn Hmqhl}hbn 6N lnnmnm }k vnukiqn }dnVnanvu }k vnih}`klu, Hu h vnu~i} Hmqhl}hbn 6N ek~im lk} dhqn evnh}nm }dn q`v}~hinl}v`nu akv }dn Dkvun lhgn hlm Mh}n ka f`v}d a`nimu,

Hmm`lb Q`v}~hi A`nimu

Pk~ ehl lkr hmm }dn Mhg‐u lhgn hlm mh}n ka f`v}d }k }dn i`u} ka a`nimu akv }dnDKVUN a`in f upne`a`lb q`v}~hi a`nimu, ]pn Q lnt} }k }dn DKVUN Vnanvu }kDKVUN Akv Mhg vnih}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} Q`v}~hi A`nim Nl}v`nu phlni,

Q`v}~hi A`nim Nl}v`nu

]dn Nm`} Q`v}~hi A`nim Nl}v`nu phlni udkru hii }dn a`nimu kl }dn vnanvnlenm a`in,U`len }dn DKVUN a`in vnanvu }k `}unia }dnun hvn }dn uhgn hu }dn a`nimu kl }dnvnanvnle`lb a`in, Avkg }d`u i`u} k~ ehl unine} hl a`nim hu h q`v}~hi a`nim,

Unine}`lb Q`v}~hi A`nimu akv Mhg

]dn Dkvun lhgn hlm Mh}n ka f`v}d a`nimu r`ii fnekgn q`v}~hi a`nimu akv }dn Vnanvu}k Akv Mhg vnih}`kl kl }dn DKVUN a`in, ]pn * hbh`lu} Dkvun lhgn hlm Mh}n kaf`v}d,

5―=6 ]~}kv`hi

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Q`v}~hi A`nimu

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Ekla`vg`lb Q`v}~hi A`nimu akv Mhg

]dn q`v}~hi a`nimu hvn `lm`eh}nm f hl hu}nv`uj $#) `l }dn Q eki~gl ka }dn phlniekla`vg`lb }dh} Hmqhl}hbn 6N dhu evnh}nm }dn q`v}~hi a`nimu,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―=5

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Q`v}~hi A`nimu

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Ekla`vg`lb Q`v}~hi A`nimu akv U`vn

Hmqhl}hbn 6N dhu ekla`vgnm k~v unine}`kl ka q`v}~hi a`nimu hu `lm`eh}nm f }dnhu}nv`uju,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―=>

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Q`v}~hi A`nimu

A`in Nl}v`nu

Ednej }dn a`in nl}v`nu akv }dn DKVUN a`in, ]k m`upih }dn a`in nl}v`nu }pn N lnt}}k kln ka }dn DKVUN a`in vnih}`klu,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} A`in Nl}v`nu phlni,

Lk}n }dh} }dn q`v}~hi a`nimu k~ c~u} upne`a`nm hvn `lei~mnm hu `lm`eh}nm f h Q `l}dn Nl}v }pn $N}) eki~gl, Hmqhl}hbn 6N dhu mna`lnm }dng f vnanvnlen }k }dnkv`b`lhi a`nimu hlm dhu lhgnm }dng f pvna`t`lb }dn Akv }nt} }k }dn kv`b`lhi lhgnakv nthgpin Mhg Dkvun lhgn,

5―=1 ]~}kv`hi

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Q`v}~hi A`nimu

Vnlhg`lb A`nimu

Pk~ ehl edhlbn }dn lhgnu }dh} Hmqhl}hbn 6N dhu b`qnl }dn q`v}~hi a`nimu }kghjn }dng gkvn ntpi`e`} kv ekgphe}, Akv nthgpin k~ ek~im edhlbn Mhg Dkvun

lhgn }k Mhg lhgn hlm U`vn Dkvun lhgn }k U`vn lhgn,

]k unine} }dn a`nimu }k fn vnlhgnm k~ r`ii skkg hbh`lu} }dn vninqhl} a`nimu kl}dn Nm`} A`in Nl}v`nu phlni, ]pn S }k unine} }dn a`nimu }k fn vnlhgnm,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} A`nim Mn}h`iu phlni akv }dn a`vu} a`nim k~ unine}nm,

A`nim Mn}h`iu

]dn Nm`} A`nim Mn}h`iu phlni in}u k~ q`nr mn}h`iu akv }dn a`nim Mhg Dkvun lhgn,Ukgn ka }dn h}}v`f~}nu ka }dn a`nim u~ed hu }dn lhgn hvn `l`}`hii pvk}ne}nm, ]dnA4 jn ~lpvk}ne}u }dn a`nim lhgn uk `} ehl fn edhlbnm,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―=2

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Q`v}~hi A`nimu

_vnuu A4 }k edhlbn }dn a`nim lhgn,

Nl}nv`lb h Lnr A`nim Lhgn

]dn e~vukv r`ii lkr fn kl }dn A`nim lhgn nl}v kl }dn Nm`} A`nim Mn}h`iu phlni,Vnlhgn }dn a`nim f }p`lb }dn lnr lhgn kqnv }dn nt`u}`lb lhgn, ]pn Mhglhgn kqnv Mhg Dkvun lhgn,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

5―=4 ]~}kv`hi

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Q`v}~hi A`nimu

A`nim Mn}h`iu Ha}nv Vnlhg`lb

]dn Nm`} A`nim Mn}h`iu phlni r`ii fn m`upihnm r`}d }dn lnr a`nim lhgn `lunv}nm}dvk~bdk~}, Pk~ ehl vnlhgn hl a`nim `l }d`u rh hlm }dn lnr lhgn r`ii fn

vnaine}nm }dvk~bdk~} k~v mnu`bl gkmni,

Vnlhg`lb K}dnv A`nimu

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vnm`upih }dn Nm`} A`nim Mn}h`iu phlni akv }dn U`vn dkvun lhgn a`nim,Vnehii }dh} }d`u rhu }dn uneklm a`nim k~ unine}nm akv vnlhg`lb kl }dn Nm`} A`inNl}v`nu phlni,

Ntnve`un

Edhlbn U`vn Dkvun lhgn }k U`vn lhgn akiikr`lb }dn uhgn u}npu hu udkrlpvnq`k~ui,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―=0

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Q`v}~hi A`nimu

M`upih`lb A`in Nl}v`nu Hbh`l

Rdnl k~ dhqn vnlhgnm }dn unine}nm a`nimu pvnuu Nl}nv }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} A`inNl}v`nu phlni, ]dn phlni dhu fnnl ~pmh}nm }k udkr }dn lnr a`nim lhgnu,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

Hmm`lb Q`v}~hi A`nimu akv }dn Vhen hlm Vhen Nl}v A`inu

Dhq`lb hmmnm q`v}~hi a`nimu }k }dn DKVUN a`in k~ gh upne`a q`v}~hi a`nimu klk}dnv a`in'}k'a`in vnih}`klu: akv nthgpin kl }dn VHEN hlm VHEN NL]VP a`inu,

]pn Vhen# kl }dn unine}`kl i`ln,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih vnih}`klu akv }dn VHEN hlm VHEN NL]VP a`inu,

5―>? ]~}kv`hi

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Q`v}~hi A`nimu

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii mna`ln Ek~vun lhgn hu h q`v}~hi a`nim kl }dn VHEN a`in hlmDkvun lhgn hlm Ckejn lhgn hu q`v}~hi a`nimu kl }dn VHEN NL]VP a`in, ]pn Q hbh`lu} }dn }dvnn vnih}`klu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Hmm`lb Gkvn Q`v}~hi Nl}v`nu

]dn hiikrnm q`v}~hi a`nim nl}v`nu avkg }dn EK^VUN a`in hvn m`upihnm, ]pn * hbh`lu} Ek~vun lhgn }k hmm `} hu h q`v}~hi nl}v }k }dn VHEN a`in,

_vnuu Nl}nv, ]dn Nm`} Q`v}~hi A`nim Nl}v`nu phlni vnm`upihu }k ekla`vg }dn

evnh}`kl ka }dn q`v}~hi a`nim hu `lm`eh}nm f }dn —−— `l }dn Q eki~gl,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―>8

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Hmqhl}hbn 6N Heenuu _h}du

▯ vnanvnlenm heenuu ph}d

Lnr phlniu l}vkm~enm3

▯ Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu

▯ Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu

▯ Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Unine}+Kg`}

▯ Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Eklm`}`klu

▯ Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Vnih}`klu

▯ M`upih A`in Heenuu _h}du

▯ Q`v}~hi`sn Heenuu _h}d

Kfcne}`qnu

@l }d`u }kp`e k~ r`ii3

▯ Heenp} }dn mnah~i} heenuu ph}du akv }dn EK^VUN a`in,

▯ Hmm q`v}~hi a`nimu }k }dn mnah~i} Vn}v`nqhi heenuu ph}d akv }dn DKVUN a`in,

▯ Hmm }rk heenuu ph}du }k }dn DKVUN a`in }k unine} n`}dnv anghin dkvunu$Ghvnu) kv ghin dkvunu $U}hii`klu),

▯ Gkm`a }dn mnah~i} Vn}v`nqhi heenuu ph}d akv }dn DKVUN a`in }k nlu~vn }dh}Mhgu hvn anghin hlm U`vnu hvn ghin,

Kqnvq`nr ka Heenuu _h}du

]dn lnt} u}hbn `l mna`l`lb k~v mnu`bl gkmni `u }k mna`ln }dn vnx~`vnm heenuuph}du, Heenuu ph}du upne`a q`nru ka }dn a`inu `l }dn mh}h gkmni, ]dn q`nru mna`lndkr mh}h `u }k fn pvnunl}nm }k }dn a~le}`klu, A~le}`klu upne`a }dn pvkenuunu }dh}kpnvh}n kl }dn mh}h unn }dn edhp}nv Nvvkv( Vnanvnlen uk~ven lk} ak~lm, akv gkvn`lakvgh}`kl,

Heenuu ph}du ekl}vki }dvnn m`aanvnl} hupne}u ka dkr mh}h `u pvnunl}nm }k ha~le}`kl, Hl heenuu ph}d mn}nvg`lnu3

▯ Rd`ed a`nimu r`ii fn hqh`ihfin }k }dn a~le}`kl

▯ Rd`ed vnekvmu r`ii fn unine}nm kv kg`}}nm avkg }dn a`in $unine}+kg`})

▯ ]dn kvmnv `l rd`ed vnekvmu hvn pvnunl}nm $jn unx~nlen) }k }dn a~le}`kl

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―>5

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Hmqhl}hbn 6N Heenuu _h}du

Mnah~i} Heenuu _h}du

Hmqhl}hbn 6N ~unu }dn vnih}`klu `l }dn mh}h gkmni }k evnh}n h mnah~i} un} ka heenuuph}du akv nhed a`in, @l ghl ehunu }dnun r`ii fn u~aa`e`nl}, Pk~ gh kqnvv`mn }dn

mnah~i}u kv mna`ln hmm`}`klhi heenuu ph}du,

]dvnn mnah~i} heenuu ph}du hvn h~}kgh}`ehii evnh}nm akv nqnv a`in3

▯ H pdu`ehi $_DP) heenuu ph}d $~l'jnnm), @} ekl}h`lu }dn hmmvnuu ka hii mh}hu}kvnm pdu`ehii r`}d`l h a`in hlm u}kvnm `l }dn kvmnv `l rd`ed }dn mh}h rhurv`}}nl }k }dn a`in,

▯ Hl ~pmh}n $^_M) heenuu ph}d $ikb`ehi q`nr), @} `u ~unm }k ~pmh}n }dn a`in hlmekl}h`lu hii a`nimu mna`lnm akv }dn a`in, @} ehllk} fn hi}nvnm,

▯ H vn}v`nqhi $V]Q) heenuu ph}d $ikb`ehi q`nr), @} upne`a`nu h q`nr ka }dn mh}h}dh} Hmqhl}hbn 6N bnlnvh}nm pvkbvhgu ~un }k vn}v`nqn vnekvmu avkg h a`in,Nhed a`in dhu h} inhu} kln,

Q`nr Mnah~i} Heenuu _h}du akv EK^VUN

]pn Ek~vun# kl }dn unine}`kl i`ln }k m`upih kli vnih}`klu akv }dn EK^VUN a`in,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn heenuu ph}du akv h a`in hvn vnekvmnm kl }dn Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu phlni, ]k kf}h`l}d`u phlni akv }dn EK^VUN a`in k~ r`ii skkg hbh`lu} kln ka }dn vnih}`klu akv }dna`in kl }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni, ]pn S hbh`lu} kln ka }dn vnih}`klu akv}dn EK^VUN a`in,

5―>= ]~}kv`hi

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Hmqhl}hbn 6N Heenuu _h}du

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu phlni,

]d`u phlni udkru }dn }dvnn mnah~i} heenuu ph}du }dh} Hmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehiievnh}nm akv }dn EK^VUN a`in,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―>>

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Hmqhl}hbn 6N Heenuu _h}du

_vnuu Nl}nv }k q`nr q`v}~hi nl}v`nu akv }dn DKVUN a`in,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k qhi`mh}n }dn hmm`}`kl ka }dn q`v}~hi a`nimu }k }dn Vn}v`nqhi `lmntheenuu ph}d akv }dn DKVUN a`in,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―>2

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Hmqhl}hbn 6N Heenuu _h}du

_vnuu Nl}nv hbh`l }k vnupklm }k }dn Ekla`vg pvkgp} `l }dn ikrnv v`bd}'dhlmekvlnv ka k~v uevnnl hlm vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu phlni,

]k q`nr }dn nl}v`nu akv }dn mnah~i} Vn}v`nqhi heenuu ph}d }pn S `l }dn U~fa`inunine}kv akv }dn Vn}v`nqhi `lmnt,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu phlni,

]pn S hbh`l hu udkrl }k q`nr nl}v`nu akv }dn Vn}v`nqhi `lmnt heenuu ph}d,

5―>4 ]~}kv`hi

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Hmqhl}hbn 6N Heenuu _h}du

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Akvgh} Nl}v`nu phlni,

Qnv`a }dh} }dn q`v}~hi a`nimu k~ upne`a`nm hvn i`u}nm, Q`v}~hi a`nimu hvn `lm`eh}nmf h Q `l }dn ]pn eki~gl, _vnuu A85 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu phlni,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―>0

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Hmqhl}hbn 6N Heenuu _h}du

Hmm`lb Lnr Heenuu _h}du akv DKVUN

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii hmm ukgn lnr heenuu ph}du hu rnii hu ~pmh}n }dn mnah~i}Vn}v`nqhi $V]Q) heenuu ph}d, ]d`u r`ii mngklu}vh}n ukgn ka }dn gkvn

ukpd`u}`eh}nm ehphf`i`}`nu ka heenuu ph}du,

Akv nthgpin k~ ehl mna`ln hl heenuu ph}d }k unine} kli env}h`l vnih}`klu avkg}dn a`in kv }k `lei~mn unine}`kl ev`}nv`h fhunm kl eklm`}`klu upne`a`nm akv env}h`la`nimu, @l }d`u }~}kv`hi k~ r`ii upne`a lnr heenuu ph}du }dh} unine} kli ghvnu kvkli u}hii`klu avkg }dn DKVUN a`in, Ehii }dnun lnr V]Q heenuu ph}du Ghvnu hlmU}hii`klu,

]pn }dn lhgnu ka }dn lnr V]Q heenuu ph}du Ghvnu hlm U}hii`klu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Ekla`vg`lb Hmm`}`kl ka Heenuu _h}du

Pk~ dhqn lkr hmmnm }dn }rk lnr heenuu ph}du, Hmqhl}hbn 6N `ggnm`h}nihuu`blu h uk~ven gngfnv lhgn hlm mnah~i} pvkpnv}`nu }k }dn lnr heenuu ph}du,

5―1? ]~}kv`hi

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Hmqhl}hbn 6N Heenuu _h}du

Unine}+Kg`} Un}u

H unine}+kg`} un} in}u k~ unine} kv kg`} vnekvmu avkg h q`nr fhunm kl mh}h qhi~nu`l upne`a`nm a`nimu, Upne`a`lb h unine}+kg`} un} akv hl heenuu ph}d `u h }rk'inqni

pvkenuu,

Pk~ ehl upne`a lkln kln kv ghl unine}+kg`} un}u akv h b`qnl heenuu ph}d,G~i}`pin unine}+kg`} un}u hvn ck`lnm r`}d h ikb`ehi KV: `l k}dnv rkvmu klen hvnekvm uh}`ua`nu h unine}+kg`} un} k}dnv un}u hvn lk} vninqhl},

R`}d`l nhed unine}+kg`} un} k~ mna`ln kln kv gkvn eklm`}`klu, G~i}`pineklm`}`klu hvn ck`lnm r`}d h ikb`ehi HLM: `l k}dnv rkvmu hii eklm`}`klu lnnm }kfn }v~n akv }dn nl}`vn un} }k fn }v~n,

@l }d`u }~}kv`hi }dnvn `u kli kln unine}+kg`} un} akv nhed heenuu ph}d hlm kli klneklm`}`kl h}}hednm }k nhed,

U}h}`e hlm Mlhg`e Unine}`kl

]dnvn hvn }rk j`lmu ka heenuu ph}d unine}`kl hqh`ihfin ~lmnv KU+=??3 u}h}`e hlmmlhg`e,

U}h}`e unine}`kl `u pnvghlnl}i f~`i} `l}k }dn heenuu ph}d ka }dn KU+=?? ikb`ehi a`inuk }dh} }dn ikb`ehi a`in kli ekl}h`lu }dn vnekvmu }dh} gnn} }dn unine}`kl ev`}nv`h,

Mlhg`e unine}`kl `u lk} u}kvnm `l }dn heenuu ph}d f~} `u hppi`nm }k nhed vnekvmhu `} `u vn}v`nqnm,

Pk~ r`ii ~un mlhg`e unine}`kl `l }d`u }~}kv`hi,

Unine}`kl Eklm`}`klu akv }dn Ghvnu Heenuu _h}d

]k upne`a }dn eklm`}`kl }dh} ghvnu g~u} fn anghin akv }dn Ghvnu heenuu ph}devnh}n h unine}+kg`} un} akv }dn heenuu ph}d hlm h}}hed eklm`}`klu }k }d`u un}, ]pnM `l }dn Hiikr unine}+kg`} a`nim }k unine} Mlhg`e KU+=?? unine}`kl hlm }pn U `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv }k mna`ln }dn unine}+kg`} ev`}nv`h,

5―16 ]~}kv`hi

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Hmqhl}hbn 6N Heenuu _h}du

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Eklm`}`klu phlni, Lk}n }dnUnine}+Kg`} un} a`nim,

5―1= ]~}kv`hi

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Hmqhl}hbn 6N Heenuu _h}du

Upne`a`lb }dn Eklm`}`klu akv }dn Unine}+Kg`} Un}

]pn }dn eklm`}`klu }k fn h}}hednm }k }dn unine}+kg`} un} Anghin dkvunu kli kl}d`u phlni, @l }d`u ehun }dn eklm`}`kl akv }dn unine}+kg`} un} r`ii fn fhunm kl }dn

eklm`}`klu k~ hivnhm upne`a`nm akv }dn Dkvun bnlmnv a`nim ka }dn DKVUN a`in, @lk}dnv rkvmu }d`u q`nr ka }dn DKVUN a`in `u }k ekl}h`l kli vnekvmu }dh} dhqn hqhi~n ka Ghvn $vnpvnunl}nm f hl A) akv }dn Dkvun bnlmnv a`nim, ]k nl}nv }d`ueklm`}`kl }pn }dn akiikr`lb3

Dkvun bnlmnv `l }dn A`nim eki~gl }k upne`a }dn a`nim kl rd`ed }dn eklm`}`kl `u }kfn fhunm,

Ghvn `l }dn eklm`}`kl eki~gl }k `lm`eh}n }dn qhi~n }dn Dkvun bnlmnv a`nim g~u}ekl}h`l akv }dn vnekvm }k fn unine}nm,

Lk}n3 @a k~ }pn ; `l }dn A`nim eki~gl Hmqhl}hbn 6N m`upihu h i`u} ka }dn a`nimukl }dn heenuu ph}d kl rd`ed unine}`kl ek~im fn fhunm, @a k~ }pn ; `l }dnEklm`}`kl eki~gl Hmqhl}hbn 6N m`upihu h i`u} ka pkuu`fin eklm`}`kl qhi~nu akv}dn huuke`h}nm a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k mna`ln }dn eklm`}`kl, ]dn pvkenuu `u lkr ekgpin}n akv }dn unine}`klka Ghvnu, _vnuu A85 $Ahu} nt`}) }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu phlni,

Unine}`kl Heenuu _h}d akv U}hii`kluPk~ ehl lkr upne`a h unine}`kl heenuu ph}d akv U}hii`klu f vnpnh}`lb }dn pvkenuuk~ c~u} ~unm }k upne`a h unine}`kl heenuu ph}d akv Ghvnu, ]pn S hbh`lu} }dnU}hii`klu heenuu ph}d,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―1>

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Hmqhl}hbn 6N Heenuu _h}du

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu

]k upne`a }dn eklm`}`kl }dh} u}hii`klu g~u} fn ghin akv }dn U}hii`klu heenuu ph}devnh}n h unine}+kg`} un} akv }dn heenuu ph}d hlm h}}hed eklm`}`klu }k }d`u un},

]pn M `l }dn Hiikr unine}+kg`} a`nim }k unine} Mlhg`e KU+=?? unine}`kl hlm}pn U `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv }k mna`ln }dn unine}+kg`} ev`}nv`h,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

5―11 ]~}kv`hi

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Hmqhl}hbn 6N Heenuu _h}du

Lhg`lb }dn Unine}+Kg`} Un}

]dn unine}+kg`} un} akv U}hii`klu udk~im unine} Ghin dkvunu kli, ]pn S U hlm}dn mnuev`p}`kl ka }dn unine}+kg`} un},

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Upne`a`lb Eklm`}`klu akv }dn Heenuu _h}d

]dn unine}`kl eklm`}`kl akv }d`u heenuu ph}d `u hiuk fhunm kl }dn eklm`}`klu k~pvnq`k~ui nl}nvnm akv }dn Dkvun bnlmnv a`nim ka }dn DKVUN a`in, ]pn }dn lhgn

ka }dn a`nim Dkvun bnlmnv hlm }dn Unine}`kl eklm`}`kl U}hii`kl,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―12

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Hmqhl}hbn 6N Heenuu _h}du

M`upih`lb Heenuu _h}d Vnih}`klu

Pk~ hvn lkr vnhm }k q`nr }dn i`u} ka heenuu ph}d vnih}`klu akv }dn DKVUNVn}v`nqhi `lmnt heenuu ph}d, ]pn V `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Vnih}`klu phlni,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―10

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Hmqhl}hbn 6N Heenuu _h}du

Heenuu _h}d Vnih}`klu akv }dn Vn}v`nqhi @lmnt

]dn mnah~i} Vn}v`nqhi `lmnt heenuu ph}d `lei~mnu hii }dn vnih}`klu }dh} mna`ln h a`in:`l k}dnv rkvmu `} ekl}h`lu hii }dn a`nimu `l }dn a`in, ]dn `lei~mnm vnih}`klu hvn

`lm`eh}nm f − `l }dn M eki~gl, Pk~ ehl mvkp lkl'jn vnih}`klu `l kvmnv }k`lei~mn h u~fun} ka a`nimu `l k~v ikb`ehi q`nr ka }dn mh}h, Pk~ ehl ih}nv vn`lu}h}nh mvkppnm vnih}`kl,

Lk}n }dh} nhed ka }dn }rk Vnanvu }k heenuu ph}d vnih}`klu `lqkiqnu h vnanvnlen }khlk}dnv heenuu ph}d, Hl vnanvnlen }k hlk}dnv a`in f hl heenuu ph}d vnih}`kl `u fgnhlu ka hl heenuu ph}d ka }dn vnanvnlenm a`in jlkrl hu }dn vnanvnlenm heenuu ph}d,F mnah~i} }d`u `u }dn Vn}v`nqhi `lmnt ka }dn vnanvnlenm a`in,

@lqki~}`kl hlm Heenuu _h}d Vnih}`klu

Fneh~un }dn DKVUN a`in Vnanvu }k `}unia `l k~v gkmni $`lqki~}`kl) k~ lnnm }kedhlbn }dn mnah~i} vnanvnlenm heenuu ph}d akv }dnun vnih}`klu, K}dnvr`un }dn uhgnheenuu ph}d r`ii fn ehiinm gkvn }dhl klen `l a~le}`klu }dh} ~un }dn a`in, Lk}n }dh}k~ lnnm }k edhlbn }dn mnah~i} vnanvnlenm heenuu ph}d kli rdnl `lqki~}`kl}hjnu pihen,

]dn akiikr`lb une}`klu mnuev`fn dkr }k edhlbn }dn vnanvnlenm heenuu ph}d akv }dn}rk Vnanvu }k heenuu ph}d vnih}`klu,

Edhlb`lb h Vnanvnlenm Heenuu _h}d

]k edhlbn }dn vnanvnlenm heenuu ph}d ~unm f }dn DKVUN Vnanvu }k DKVUN AkvMhg vnih}`kl }pn H hbh`lu} }dn vnih}`kl,

5―2? ]~}kv`hi

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Hmqhl}hbn 6N Heenuu _h}du

_vnuu Nl}nv }k q`nr heenuu ph}du akv }dn vnanvnlenm a`in,

Unine}`lb hl Heenuu _h}d akv Ghvnu

Unine} }dn heenuu ph}d }dh} `u }k fn ~unm `l pihen ka }dn mnah~i} vnanvnlenm heenuuph}d, @l }d`u ehun unine} }dn Ghvnu heenuu ph}d f }p`lb T hbh`lu} Ghvnu,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k unine} }dn heenuu ph}d hlm vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Vnih}`kluphlni,

Unine}`lb hl Heenuu _h}d akv U}hii`klu

Vnpnh} }d`u pvkenuu akv }dn DKVUN Vnanvu }k DKVUN Akv U`vn heenuu ph}d vnih}`kl,@l k}dnv rkvmu edhlbn }dn vnanvnlenm heenuu ph}d akv DKVUN Vnanvu }k DKVUNAkv U`vn avkg Vn}v`nqhi `lmnt }k U}hii`klu,

]pn H hbh`lu} }dn DKVUN Vnanvu }k DKVUN Akv U`vn vnih}`kl,

Mh}h Gkmni`lb 5―28

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Hmqhl}hbn 6N Heenuu _h}du

_vnuu Nl}nv }k q`nr }dn heenuu ph}du hqh`ihfin akv unine}`kl avkg }dn vnanvnlenma`in,

]pn T hbh`lu} }dn U}hii`klu heenuu ph}d,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

_vnuu A85 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu phlni, _vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`}

Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

5―26 ]~}kv`hi

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Edhp}nv

= Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu

]d`u edhp}nv `l}vkm~enu }dn akiikr`lb }kp`eu3

▯ A~le}`klu

▯ Mnq`en Mnu`blu

▯ He}`kl M`hbvhgu

A~le}`kl Kp}`klu▯ I`lj`lb A~le}`klu

▯ A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`klu

]d`u }kp`e `l}vkm~enu k~ }k Hmqhl}hbn 6N a~le}`klu,

Lnr }nvgu `l}vkm~enm3

▯ A~le}`kl

▯ Nt}nvlhi a~le}`kl

▯ @l}nvlhi a~le}`kl

▯ A~le}`kl }pn

▯ Nm`} A`in $NM]A@I) a~le}`kl }pn

▯ Unine} Vnekvm $UNIVEM) a~le}`kl }pn

Lnr phlniu l}vkm~enm3

▯ Nm`} A~le}`klu

▯ Nm`} A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―8

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`klu

Kfcne}`qnu

Pk~ r`ii mnu`bl `l}nvhe}`qn phlniu akv }dn ak~v akiikr`lb a~le}`klu3

▯ Nm`} }dn EK^VUN a`in

▯ Unine} vnekvmu avkg }dn EK^VUN a`in

▯ Nm`} }dn DKVUN a`in

▯ Unine} vnekvmu avkg }dn DKVUN a`in

Pk~ r`ii hiuk mna`ln }rk hmm`}`klhi a~le}`klu3

▯ Unine} U}hii`klu

▯ Unine} Ghvnu

Kqnvq`nr ka A~le}`kluH a~le}`kl mna`lnu h i`u} ka pvkenuunu }dh} r`ii kpnvh}n kl }dn a`inu hlm a`nimu `lk~v mh}hfhun, Hmqhl}hbn 6N pvkq`mnu h qhv`n} ka u}hlmhvm a~le}`klu }k rd`edk~ ehl hmm k~v krl ~l`x~n pvkenuu`lb, Hmqhl}hbn 6N ~unu }dn `lakvgh}`klekl}h`lnm `l k~v mh}h gkmni }k pvkq`mn hii ka }dn mnah~i} pvkenuu`lb akv }dnu}hlmhvm a~le}`klu,

]dn un} ka u}hlmhvm a~le}`klu eklu`u} ka mh}hfhun a~le}`klu mnq`en a~le}`klu hlm~unv a~le}`klu, Lk}n }dh} kli }dn a`vu} }rk r`ii fn ekqnvnm `l }d`u }~}kv`hi, ]dnu}hlmhvm a~le}`klu eklu`u} ka h qhv`n} ka a~le}`kl }pnu nhed ka rd`ed pnvakvgu hupne`a`e pvkenuu, Akv nthgpin }dn Nm`} A`in $NM]A@I) a~le}`kl }pn vn}v`nqnu mh}havkg h a`in hlm in}u }dn nlm ~unv ~pmh}n }dh} mh}h ~u`lb hl `l}nvhe}`qn phlni, ]dn

_v`l} A`in $_V]A@I) a~le}`kl }pn pv`l}u h vnpkv} ka }dn mh}h avkg h a`in, ]dnEvnh}n Kfcne} $EV]KFC) mh}hfhun a~le}`kl evnh}nu h vnekvm `l k~v mh}hfhun,

H a~le}`kl ehl fn `gpingnl}nm n`}dnv hu h unphvh}n pvkbvhg kv hu h u~fvk~}`lnr`}d`l h pvkbvhg hu akiikru3

▯ Hl nt}nvlhi a~le}`kl `u `gpingnl}nm hu h unphvh}n d`bd'inqni ihlb~hbn $DII)pvkbvhg, Nhed nt}nvlhi a~le}`kl `u h}}hednm }k hl heenuu ph}d, @l bnlnvhi }dnu}hlmhvm mnq`en a~le}`klu hvn nt}nvlhi a~le}`klu: akv nthgpin }dn Nm`} A`ina~le}`kl, ]dn kli ntenp}`kl `u }dn _v`l} Kfcne} $_V]KFC) a~le}`kl }dh} `uekqnvnm `l h ih}nv edhp}nv ka }d`u }~}kv`hi,

▯ Hl `l}nvlhi a~le}`kl `u `gpingnl}nm hu uk~ven ekmn r`}d`l }dh} ka }dn ehii`lb

pvkbvhg: `l k}dnv rkvmu `} `u `gpingnl}nm hu h u~fvk~}`ln, Hii }dn u}hlmhvmmh}hfhun a~le}`klu hvn `l}nvlhi a~le}`klu: akv nthgpin }dn Evnh}n Kfcne}a~le}`kl,

=―6 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`klu

]dnvn lnnm lk} fn h kln'}k'kln ekvvnupklmnlen fn}rnnl h a~le}`kl hlm }dnpvkbvhg }dh} `gpingnl}u `}, Pk~ ehl i`lj a~le}`klu }kbn}dnv }k evnh}n ihvbnvpvkenuunu }dh} fnekgn }dn f~`im`lb fikeju ka k~v hppi`eh}`klu: lhgni unqnvhi`l}nvlhi a~le}`klu gh fn `gpingnl}nm hu h u`lbin pvkbvhg, @l k}dnv rkvmu h

a~le}`kl `u h ~l`} ka upne`a`eh}`kl lk} `gpingnl}h}`kl,

]dn u}hlmhvm a~le}`klu gh dhqn }dn akiikr`lb ekgpklnl}u, Lk}n }dh} lk} hiia~le}`kl }pnu dhqn hii ak~v ekgpklnl}u,

Mnq`en mnu`bl”Upne`a`nu }dn ihk~} ka }dn phlni kv vnpkv} ~unm f }dn a~le}`kl

He}`kl m`hbvhg”Upne`a`nu }dn pvkenuu`lb u}npu }dh} ghjn ~p }dn a~le}`kl$`lei~mnu mnah~i} pvkenuu`lb hlm pvkenuu`lb }dh} k~ mna`ln)

A~le}`kl kp}`klu”Upne`a`nu mnah~i} anh}~vnu ka h a~le}`kl

A~le}`kl phvhgn}nvu”Upne`a`nu a`nimu }k fn phuunm `l}k }dn a~le}`kl hlmvn}~vlnm avkg }dn a~le}`kl h} v~l }`gn

Nhed ka }dnun ekgpklnl}u `u m`ue~uunm `l }d`u edhp}nv,

@l hmm`}`kl }k }dn u}hlmhvm a~le}`klu Hmqhl}hbn 6N pvkq`mnu gnuuhbn a~le}`klua~le}`kl a`nimu hlm f~`i}'`l a~le}`klu rd`ed pnvakvg ikr'inqni pvkenuu`lb u~edhu hv`}dgn}`e kpnvh}`klu, ]dnun r`ii hii fn m`ue~uunm `l }d`u hlm }dn akiikr`lbedhp}nvu,

Mnah~i} A~le}`klu

Hmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehii evnh}nu a`qn mnah~i} a~le}`klu akv nhed vnanvnlen a`in$VNA) k~ mneihvn3 }rk nt}nvlhi a~le}`klu $Nm`} A`in hlm Unine} Vnekvm) hlm }dvnn

`l}nvlhi a~le}`klu $Edhlbn Kfcne} Evnh}n Kfcne} hlm Mnin}n Kfcne}), Lk}n }dh}akv ehp}~vn a`inu $E_]) Hmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehii evnh}nu kli }dn }dvnn`l}nvlhi a~le}`klu,

Mnah~i} Nt}nvlhi A~le}`klu

]dn }rk nt}nvlhi a~le}`klu Hmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehii evnh}nu hvn3

▯ Hl Nm`} A`in $NM]A@I) a~le}`kl

]d`u }pn ka a~le}`kl gh`l}h`lu g~i}`pin vnekvmu kl }dn a`in, Hl nthgpin `l}d`u }~}kv`hi r`ii fn }dn Nm`} Ek~vun a~le}`kl,

▯ H Unine} Vnekvm $UNIVEM) a~le}`kl

]d`u }pn ka a~le}`kl pvkq`mnu h m`upih ka }dn vnekvmu kl }dn a`in hlm hiikru}dn unine}`kl ka kln vnekvm akv vn}~vl }k h ehii`lb pvkbvhg, Hl nthgpin `l}d`u }~}kv`hi r`ii fn }dn Unine} Ek~vun a~le}`kl,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―5

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`klu

Fk}d ka }dnun nt}nvlhi a~le}`klu hvn `l}nvhe}`qn mnq`en a~le}`klu, Lk}n }dh}Hmqhl}hbn 6N mknu lk} h~}kgh}`ehii evnh}n }dnun mnq`en a~le}`klu akv ehp}~vna`inu $E_]),

Mnah~i} @l}nvlhi A~le}`klu

]dn }dvnn `l}nvlhi a~le}`klu Hmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehii evnh}nu hvn EdhlbnKfcne} $EDBKFC) Evnh}n Kfcne} $EV]KFC) hlm Mnin}n Kfcne} $MI]KFC), ]dnuna~le}`klu hvn ~unm }k ~pmh}n }dn mh}hfhun hlm hvn ehiinm f nt}nvlhi a~le}`klu huvnx~`vnm, ]dn hvn `gpingnl}nm hu u~fvk~}`lnu r`}d`l }dn bnlnvh}nm uk~ven ekmnakv hl nt}nvlhi a~le}`kl, @l}nvlhi a~le}`klu hvn upne`a`nm unphvh}ni }k b`qn k~}dn ehphf`i`} }k hmm hmm`}`klhi pvkenuu`lb akv ~pmh}`lb }dn mh}hfhun, ]d`uhmm`}`klhi pvkenuu`lb `u ghmn hqh`ihfin }k hii }dn a~le}`klu }dh} ehii }dn `l}nvlhia~le}`klu,

Mna`l`lb Nm`} Ek~vun hlm Unine} Ek~vun

A`vu} m`upih c~u} }dkun vnih}`klu mna`lnm akv }dn EK^VUN a`in f nl}nv`lb Ek~vun# kl }dn unine}`kl i`ln ka }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

Pk~ ehl m`upih }dn a~le}`klu akv h phv}`e~ihv a`in f }p`lb A hbh`lu} }dn a`in kl}dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni, ]pn A lnt} }k hl EK^VUN a`in vnih}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k q`nr }dn a`qn mnah~i} a~le}`klu akv }dn EK^VUN a`in, ]dn a~le}`kluakv h a`in hvn evnh}nm }dn a`vu} }`gn k~ nl}nv A hbh`lu} }dn a`in kl }dn Nm`}Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni, Hmqhl}hbn 6N m`upihu gnuuhbnu h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dnphlni }k `lm`eh}n }d`u,

=―= ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`klu

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

M`upih`lb Mnah~i} A~le}`klu Akv DKVUN

]pn Dkvun# kl }dn unine}`kl i`ln hlm pvnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih kli }dn vnih}`klumna`lnm akv }dn DKVUN a`in,

M`upih }dn a~le}`klu akv }dn DKVUN a`in f }p`lb A hbh`lu} hl vnih}`kl kl }dnDKVUN a`in,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn mnah~i} a~le}`klu evnh}nm akv }dn DKVUN a`in,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―>

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`klu

Hmqhl}hbn 6N evnh}nu }dn mnah~i} a~le}`klu }dn a`vu} }`gn k~ heenuu }dn a~le}`kluakv h a`in, Gnuuhbnu }k `lm`eh}n }d`u hppnhv h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhunVnih}`klu phlni, Akv nthgpin ’A~le}`kl —Nm`} Dkvun‐ `u fn`lb evnh}nm,‗

Hmm`lb A~le}`klu

Pk~ ehl hmm k~v krl a~le}`klu }k }dn i`u} u~ppi`nm f Hmqhl}hbn 6N, ]k mneihvnh a~le}`kl upne`a h a~le}`kl lhgn h a~le}`kl }pn hlm }dn lhgn ka }dn heenuuph}d }dh} mna`lnu dkr mh}h avkg }dn a`in `u pvnunl}nm }k }dn a~le}`kl, Pk~ ehlq`nr h i`u} ka pkuu`fin a~le}`kl }pnu f }p`lb ; `l }dn A~le}`kl }pn eki~glhlm h i`u} ka }dn nt`u}`lb heenuu ph}du fhunm kl }dn DKVUN a`in f }p`lb ; `l }dn

Heenuu ph}d eki~gl,

Unine} Ghvnu hlm Unine} U}hii`klu A~le}`klu

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii hmm }rk lnr Unine} vnekvm a~le}`klu Unine} Ghvnu hlm Unine}U}hii`klu, ]dnun a~le}`klu r`ii nlhfin k~ }k m`upih h i`u} ka ghvnu kli kvu}hii`klu kli `l vnupklun }k hl `lx~`v, ]dnun a~le}`klu r`ii ~un }dn Ghvnu hlmU}hii`klu heenuu ph}du k~ pvnq`k~ui mna`lnm,

]pn }dn a~le}`kl lhgnu a~le}`kl }pnu hlm heenuu ph}du,

=―1 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`klu

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Evnh}`lb Lnr A~le}`klu

]dn }rk gnuuhbnu ’A~le}`kl —Unine} Ghvnu‐ `u fn`lb evnh}nm‗ hlm ’A~le}`kl—Unine} U}hii`klu‐ `u fn`lb evnh}nm‗ r`ii hppnhv fv`nai h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn phlni,]dn a~le}`klu r`ii lkr fn mneihvnm }k k~v mnu`bl gkmni hlm hvn hqh`ihfin akvvnanvnlen f k}dnv a~le}`klu, H} }d`u u}hbn lk a~v}dnv mna`l`}`kl `u vnx~`vnm,

Lk}n3 Pk~ r`ii lnnm }k mna`ln hmm`}`klhi hupne}u ka }dn lnr a~le}`klu ih}nv `l }d`u}~}kv`hi fnakvn }dn ehl fn `gpingnl}nm,

^lmnvu}hlm`lb A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu

Nhed `l}nvhe}`qn nt}nvlhi a~le}`kl r`ii fn `gpingnl}nm f gnhlu ka3

▯ H D`bd Inqni Ihlb~hbn $DII) pvkbvhg

▯ H MMU m`upih a`in

▯ H a`in ekl}h`l`lb Dnip }nt}

Hl hppvkpv`h}n uk~ven gngfnv `u evnh}nm }k ekl}h`l nhed }pn ka bnlnvh}nmuk~ven, Hmqhl}hbn 6N u~ppi`nu mnah~i} lhgnu akv }dn uk~ven gngfnvu, Pk~ ehl

edhlbn }dn mnah~i} uk~ven gngfnv lhgnu ~u`lb }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu phlni,

]dn `gpingnl}h}`kl ihlb~hbn `u ekl}vkiinm f }dn }hvbn} DII $d`bdnv inqniihlb~hbn), Pk~ gh bnlnvh}n `l V_B EKFKI ^L@T kv Ei`nl} UnvqnvHppi`eh}`klu mnpnlm`lb kl k~v qnvu`kl ka Hmqhl}hbn 6N,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―2

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`klu

]dn mnah~i} `gpingnl}h}`kl ihlb~hbn akv lnr a~le}`klu `u ekl}vkiinm f }dnPDIIBNL gkmni qhi~n,

M`upih`lb A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu

Pk~ r`ii lkr m`upih }dn mn}h`iu ka }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl, ]pn S hbh`lu} }dnNm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k q`nr a~le}`kl mn}h`iu akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl, Lk}n }dnpvkbvhg $V_B) m`upih a`in $MMU) hlm }dn dnip }nt} a`in $^@G),

=―4 ]~}kv`hi

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

M`upih`lb }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl akv Nm`} Dkvun

]dn Nm`} A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu phlni akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl udk~im fn m`upihnmkl k~v uevnnl, @a `} `u lk} akiikr }dn u}npu h} }dn nlm ka }dn pvnenm`lb }kp`e,

]dnvn `u kli kln phlni mnu`bl akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl, Pk~ ehl q`nr }dnmnah~i} mnq`en mnu`bl avkg }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu phlni f pvnuu`lb A0,

]dn mnah~i} phlni mnu`bl akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl m`upihu,

Lk}n3 Mk lk} fn eklenvlnm hfk~} }dn gnuuhbn h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn phlni,

=―8? ]~}kv`hi

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

Mnah~i} Mnq`en Mnu`bl Akvgh}u

H phlni mnu`bl eklu`u}u ka dnhmnv+akk}nv akvgh}u hlm h qhv`hfin akvgh} }dh}mnpnlmu kl }dn a~le}`kl }pn, ]dn phlni mnu`bl akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl

rd`ed `u hl Nm`} A`in a~le}`kl }pn eklu`u}u ka }dn akiikr`lb akvgh}u,

▯ ]dn ~ppnvgku} akvgh} ekl}h`lu }dn dnhmnv i`lnu }dh} b`qn u}h}~u `lakvgh}`klhfk~} }dn ~unv mh}n }`gn hlm gkmn $Lnr+Kpnl) ka }dn phlni,

▯ H} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn phlni }dn akk}nv i`lnu b`qn a~le}`kl jn ntpihlh}`klu,Hl ntne~}`kl }`gn gnuuhbnu hvn m`upihnm kl i`ln 6=,

▯ ]dn g`mmin une}`kl ka }dn phlni ekl}h`lu }dn akvgh}u }dh} qhv mnpnlm`lb kl}dn a~le}`kl }pn, @l }d`u ehun rn hvn ~u`lb hl Nm`} A`in a~le}`kl }pn, @}ekl}h`lu }rk akvgh}u

― H u~fa`in ekl}vki akvgh},

― H u~fa`in vnekvm akvgh}, ]dn u~fa`in vnekvm `u }dn akvgh} akv h u`lbin

vnekvm }dh} `u vn}v`nqnm avkg }dn a`nimu ka }dn upne`a`nm heenuu ph}dheekvm`lb }k }dn a~le}`kl }pn,

Mnu`bl U}hlmhvmu hlm U~fa`in Unine}kv Kp}`klu

Rdnl }dn a~le}`kl }pn `lei~mnu h u~fa`in mnuev`p}`klu akv }dn U~fa`in unine}kvkp}`klu hvn `lei~mnm hu phv} ka }dn mnah~i} mnq`en mnu`bl, ]dnun ehl fn

▯ _hv} ka }dn akk}nv hiklb r`}d u}hlmhvm a~le}`kl jn mnuev`p}`klu

▯ _ihenm hfkqn }dn u~fa`in vnekvm hu phv} ka }dn u~fa`in ekl}vki akvgh}

]d`u `u }dn E^H NL]VP mnu`bl u}hlmhvm,

▯ I`u}nm hu he}`klu `l }dn Unine}kv Edk`en gnl~ }dh} `u phv} ka }dn he}`kl fhv h}}dn }kp ka }dn phlni

]d`u `u }dn E^H ]NT] mnu`bl u}hlmhvm,

]dn mnah~i} mnu`bl u}hlmhvm akv Hmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`bl gkmniu kl }dn `Unv`nu `uE^H NL]VP, Dkrnqnv rdnl k~ evnh}nm k~v mnu`bl gkmni h} }dn fnb`ll`lbka }d`u }~}kv`hi ~u`lb }dn Evnh}n Gkmni I`fvhv $PEV]GMII@F) ekgghlm k~rnvn }kim }k upne`a #E^H]NT] hu }dn mnu`bl u}hlmhvm akv k~v gkmni,

Rdnl }dn mnu`bl u}hlmhvm `u un} }k E^H ]NT] Hmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehiievnh}nu hii Nm`} A`in a~le}`klu r`}d hl he}`kl fhv kl }dn phlni mnu`bl, Lk}n }dn

he}`kl fhv h} }dn }kp ka }dn phlni mnu`bl akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl, Hl he}`klfhv pvkq`mnu h un} ka edk`enu }dh} b`qn }dn nlm ~unvu heenuu }k qhv`k~u he}`kluhqh`ihfin kl }dn phlni, Hmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehii pvkq`mnu h mnah~i} un} kaedk`enu mnpnlm`lb kl }dn a~le}`kl }pn, Ih}nv `l }d`u }~}kv`hi k~ r`ii mna`ln hlnr edk`en hlm he}`kl kl }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl‐u he}`kl fhv,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―88

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

U~fa`in Ekl}vki Mnah~i}

]dn jn a`nim ka }dn DKVUN a`in $Dkvun ekmn) `u pihenm kl }dn u~fa`in ekl}vkiakvgh} hu rnii hu kl }dn u~fa`in vnekvm, ]d`u a`nim `u h pku`}`kl`lb a`nim }dh} eh~unu

}dn u~fa`in vnekvm }k fnb`l h} h phv}`e~ihv vnekvm rdnl h qhi~n `u nl}nvnm `l}k }d`ua`nim,

U~fa`in Vnekvm Mnah~i}

]k mn}nvg`ln }dn mnah~i} phlni mnu`bl akv hl Nm`} A`in a~le}`kl Hmqhl}hbn 6Npihenu hii }dn a`nimu avkg }dn heenuu ph}d u`mn'f'u`mn kl h u~fa`in vnekvm r`}d }dna`nim lhgnu hu eki~gl dnhm`lbu, @a }dn a`nimu }k}hi gkvn }dhl 4? edhvhe}nvu }dnmnu`bl ekl}`l~nu `l}k h rkvj hvnh kl }dn v`bd}, @} `u ~p }k k~ }dn mnu`blnv }khmc~u} }dn mnu`bl ~l}`i }dn a`nimu hvn hii m`upihnm kl }dn phlni, @l }d`u }~}kv`hi}dn a`nimu ntennm }dn phlni m`upih, Hmqhl}hbn 6N hinv}u k~ }k }d`u ahe} hlm

m`upihu }dn gnuuhbn ’Mnu`bl ntennmu mnq`en u`sn i`g`}u akv a~le}`kl Nm`} Dkvun‗h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn phlni,

M`upih`lb }dn Vnu} ka }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

F mnah~i} kli 4? edhvhe}nvu ka }dn phlni mnu`bl gh fn m`upihnm h} kln }`gn,Pk~ ehl gkqn }dn phlni r`lmkr }k m`upih gkvn ka }dn phlni mnu`bl f pvnuu`lbA= rd`ed gkqnu }dn r`lmkr =? eki~glu }k }dn v`bd}, _vnuu`lb A= hbh`l gkqnu}dn u~fa`in vnekvm hlk}dnv =? eki~glu }k }dn v`bd}, _vnuu`lb A8 gkqnu }dn phlnimnu`bl =? eki~glu }k }dn ina},

_vnuu A= }k gkqn }dn mnq`en mnu`bl =? eki~glu }k }dn v`bd},

=―86 ]~}kv`hi

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

Lk}n }dn q`v}~hi a`nimu Mhg lhgn hlm Mhg Mh}n ka f`v}d }dh} k~ hmmnm }k }dnmnah~i} Vn}v`nqhi heenuu ph}d akv }dn DKVUN a`in, @a k~ dhm lk} ntpi`e`}i hmmnm}dnun a`nimu }k }dn heenuu ph}d }dn rk~im lk} hppnhv kl }d`u m`upih,

Lk}n hiuk }dh} }dn q`v}~hi a`nimu hvn akv k~}p~} kli hlm hvn vnpvnunl}nm f ?u kv1u,

_vnuu A= hbh`l }k gkqn }dn mnq`en mnu`bl =? gkvn eki~glu }k }dn v`bd},

_vnuu A8> }k vn}~vl }k }dn ina} ghvb`l ka }dn mnq`en mnu`bl: `l k}dnv rkvmu fhej }k}dn a`vu} a`nim `l }dn u~fa`in vnekvm,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―85

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

Nm`}`lb }dn Mnah~i} Mnq`en Mnu`bl

]dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl Nm`}kv dhu h l~gfnv ka ahe`i`}`nu }k nlhfin k~ }k x~`ejimnu`bl h gkvn ekgphe} ~lmnvu}hlmhfin phlni, Ghl ka }dnun ahe`i`}`nu `lqkiqn

}dn ~un ka a~le}`kl jnu hlm hvn bnlnvhii mnpnlmnl} kl }dn pku`}`kl ka }dne~vukv rdnl }dn a~le}`kl jn `u pvnuunm, ]dn mnq`en mnu`bl `u ~pmh}nm hu k~ghjn nhed gkm`a`eh}`kl,

]dn akiikr`lb }hfin udkru ukgn ka }dn a~le}`kl jnu hqh`ihfin akv nm`}`lb k~vmnq`en mnu`bl, Gku} ka }dnun r`ii fn `ii~u}vh}nm `l }d`u hlm k}dnv }kp`eu `l }dn}~}kv`hi, ]k inhvl hfk~} hmm`}`klhi anh}~vnu ka }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl Nm`}kv vnanv }k}dn Dnip }nt} kv }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N ghl~hi F~`im`lb Hppi`eh}`klu,

A~le}`kl Jn He}`kl

A8 Gkqnu }dn mnq`en mnu`bl =? eki~glu }k }dn ina}

A6 Hl`gh}nu }dn mnq`en mnu`bl ~u`lb Hmqhl}hbn 6N =?? ]kkij`}pvk}k}p`lb ahe`i`}`nu

A= Gkqnu }dn mnq`en mnu`bl =? eki~glu }k }dn v`bd}

A> M`upihu }dn Nm`} Uevnnl Akvgh} Mn}h`iu akv }dn akvgh} klrd`ed }dn e~vukv `u pku`}`klnm

A2 M`upihu }dn Nm`} Uevnnl Akvgh} Vnih}`klu phlni rdnl }dne~vukv `u pku`}`klnm kl }dn a`vu} u~fa`in vnekvm

A4 Unine}u h a`nim }k fn gkqnm $e~}) hlm gkqnu }dn unine}nm a`nimha}nv }dn a`nim kl rd`ed }dn e~vukv `u pku`}`klnm $phu}n)

A0 Gkqnu }dn a`nim kl rd`ed }dn e~vukv `u ikeh}nm hlm hii a`nimu}k `}u v`bd} }k }dn lnt} i`ln

A8? Hmmu h uphen fnakvn }dn a`nim kl rd`ed }dn e~vukv `upku`}`klnm: `l k}dnv rkvmu gkqnu }nt} kln eki~gl }k }dnv`bd}

A8> Gkqnu mnq`en mnu`bl }k }dn ina} ghvb`l

A81 Gkqnu mnq`en mnu`bl }k }dn v`bd} ghvb`l

A82 M`upihu h i`u} ka mnq`en akvgh}u

A84 M`upihu }dn Nm`} Uevnnl A`nim H}}v`f~}nu phlni akv }dn a`nimkl rd`ed }dn e~vukv `u pku`}`klnm

A80 Hmmu h a~le}`kl a`nim }k }dn mnq`en mnu`bl

A6? Nm`}u h a~le}`kl a`nim kl }dn mnq`en mnu`bl

A66 Vngkqnu h uphen fnakvn }dn a`nim kl rd`ed }dn e~vukv `upku`}`klnm: `l k}dnv rkvmu gkqnu }nt} kln eki~gl }k }dn ina}

=―8= ]~}kv`hi

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

Vnm~e`lb }dn R`m}d ka }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl Ihk~}

Pk~ ehl vnm~en }dn r`m}d ka }dn mnq`en mnu`bl f akim`lb }dn u~fa`in vnekvmu }dh}ghjn ~p }dn mnq`en mnu`bl, ]d`u rh }dn a`nimu `l nhed vnekvm hvn hvvhlbnm kqnv

unqnvhi i`lnu vh}dnv }dhl `l kln iklb i`ln, Pk~ r`ii ~un }dn A0 jn }k mk }d`u,

]dn akiikr`lb u}npu `l }d`u }~}kv`hi udkr dkr }k upi`} }dn `lakvgh}`kl hfk~} nheddkvun `l}k }dvnn i`lnu }dh} b`qn3

▯ @lakvgh}`kl hfk~} }dn dkvun `}unia

▯ @lakvgh}`kl hfk~} }dn dkvun‐u Mhg

▯ @lakvgh}`kl hfk~} }dn dkvun‐u U`vn

]dn edhlbn `l pku`}`kl ka }dn a`nimu kl }dn mnq`en mnu`bl `u mn}nvg`lnm f }dnpku`}`kl ka }dn e~vukv rdnl k~ pvnuu }dn a~le}`kl jn, ]k fnb`l }dn uneklm i`lnr`}d Mhg Dkvun ekmn) k~ r`ii u`gpi pihen }dn e~vukv kl }d`u a`nim hlm pvnuu A0,

]dn u~fa`in vnekvm akvgh} r`ii upi`} `l}k }rk i`lnu, ]dn mnq`en mnu`bl `u ~pmh}nm}k vnaine} }dn edhlbn,

_ku`}`kl e~vukv,

_vnuu A0, ]dn u~fa`in vnekvm akvgh} lkr m`upihu kli }rk DKVUN vnekvmu,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―8>

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

Akim`lb }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl Ihk~} Hbh`l

Lnt} vnpnh} }dn pvkenuu }k gkqn }dn a`nimu vninqhl} }k }dn U`vn }k h unphvh}n i`lnavkg }dkun akv }dn Mhg, _ihen }dn e~vukv kl }dn U`vn Dkvun ekmn,

_vnuu A0, ]dn u~fa`in vnekvm akvgh} lkr m`upihu kli kln DKVUN vnekvm,

_hlni Akvgh} Mn}h`iu

Pk~ ehl q`nr h i`u} ka hii }dn a`nimu hqh`ihfin kl hl phv}`e~ihv akvgh} ~u`lb }dnNm`} Uevnnl Akvgh} Mn}h`iu phlni, ]k heenuu }d`u phlni akv }dn U~fa`in vnekvm

akvgh} pihen }dn e~vukv kl hl a`nim ka }dn a`vu} u~fa`in vnekvm,

_vnuu A>,

=―81 ]~}kv`hi

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

Nm`} Uevnnl Akvgh} Mn}h`iu

]dn Nm`} Uevnnl Akvgh} Mn}h`iu phlni udkru hii }dn a`nimu `l }dn U~fa`in vnekvmakvgh}, ]dn mn}h`iu udkrl akv nhed a`nim kl }dn akvgh} `lei~mn }dn lhgn hlm }pnka }dn a`nim, ]d`u phlni hiuk hiikru k~ }k ekl}vki }dn pku`}`kl`lb ka }dn akvgh}r`}d vnupne} }k k}dnv akvgh}u kl }dn mnq`en mnu`bl,

Pk~ ehl hiuk ~un }d`u phlni }k upne`a h a`nim‐u ~uhbn: `l k}dnv rkvmu rdn}dnv }dna`nim `u `lp~} ehphfin $@) k~}p~} kli $K) kv d`mmnl $D), ]d`u hppi`nu }k hl a`nimk}dnv }dhl }dn U~fa`in unine}kv a`nim $#UAIUNI), Akv nthgpin k~ ek~im d`mn ha`nim f }p`lb D hbh`lu} }dn a`nim kv k~ ek~im edhlbn hl `lp~} ehphfin a`nim }k

k~}p~} kli f }p`lb K hbh`lu} }dn a`nim,

Lk}n3 Ukgn vnu}v`e}`klu nt`u} rdnl edhlb`lb hl k~}p~} kli a`nim }k hl `lp~}ehphfin a`nim,

Nm`}`lb }dn _hlni Akvgh}

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii ~un }dn Nm`} Uevnnl Akvgh} Mn}h`iu phlni }k ghjn }dnakiikr`lb }rk edhlbnu }k `gpvkqn }dn hppnhvhlen ka }dn Nm`} Dkvun phlni,

8, Unphvh}n }dn `lm`q`m~hi u~fa`in vnekvmu r`}d h fihlj i`ln f }p`lb P $nu)hbh`lu} }dn Fihlj i`ln fn}rnnl vnekvmu a`nim,

6, _ihen a`nim ihfniu fnakvn }dn a`nimu kl }dn uneklm hlm }d`vm i`lnu ka }dn vnekvmvh}dnv }dhl hfkqn }dng }k eihv`a }dn `lakvgh}`kl, Hmqhl}hbn 6N dhu ak~vkp}`klu akv pku`}`kl`lb }dn ihfni huuke`h}nm r`}d h a`nim,

▯ Hfkqn $H) ' kl }dn i`ln hfkqn h a`nim

▯ Fnakvn $F) ' kl }dn uhgn i`ln hu }dn a`nim

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―82

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

▯ Eki~gl dnhm`lb $E) ' hfkqn h eki~gl ka `lu}hlenu ka }dn a`nim: }d`u qhi~nhppi`nu kli }k h u~fa`in vnekvm akvgh}

▯ Mvkp $M) ' kg`} }dn ihfni

]k vnpku`}`kl }dn ihfniu kl }dn uneklm hlm }d`vm i`lnu k~ r`ii }pn F hbh`lu}nhed ka }dn Mhg hlm U`vn a`nimu, Lk}n }dh} ih}nv `l }d`u }~}kv`hi k~ r`ii ~un }dnNm`} Uevnnl Nl}v Mn}h`iu phlni }k kqnvrv`}n }dn rkvm`lb ka }dn a`nim ihfniu,

Upne`a P akv }dn Fihlj i`ln fn}rnnl vnekvmu a`nim hlm }pn F hbh`lu} nhed ka }dnMhg hlm U`vn a`nimu,

_vnuu Vkii ^p }k m`upih gkvn a`nimu, ]pn F hu udkrl }k pku`}`kl }dn ihfniu akv

}dn U`vn lhgn hlm U`vn Mh}n ka f`v}d fnakvn }dn a`nim kl }dn uhgn i`ln,

=―84 ]~}kv`hi

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

_vnuu Nl}nv }k ekla`vg }dn edhlbnu, Lk}n }dh} }dn qhi~n `l }dn II $Ihfni Ikeh}`kl)eki~gl akv nhed ka }dn Mhg hlm U`vn a`nimu dhu edhlbnm avkg E }k F, _vnuu VkiiMkrl }k q`nr }dn pvnenm`lb phlni,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl Nm`}kv,

Naane} ka Uevnnl Akvgh} Edhlbnu kl Mnq`en Mnu`bl

]dn ~pmh}nu k~ dhqn ghmn hvn m`upihnm `ggnm`h}ni rdnl k~ pvnuu A5 kl}dn Nm`} Uevnnl Akvgh} Mn}h`iu phlni, ]dn lnr phlni ihk~} `u einhvnv r`}d hfihlj i`ln fn}rnnl nhed u~fa`in vnekvm hlm }dn a`nim ihfniu udkrl fnakvn }dn

a`nimu, Dkrnqnv fneh~un }dn a`nim ihfniu hvn lkr kl }dn uhgn i`ln hu }dn a`nimu}dn uneklm hlm }d`vm i`lnu ka }dn u~fa`in vnekvm hvn }kk iklb }k a`} kl }dn phlni,

Udkv}nl`lb A`nim Ihfniu

Pk~ ehl vnm~en }dn inlb}d ka }dn i`lnu kl }dn phlniu f udkv}nl`lb }dn a`nimihfniu, ]d`u `u mkln f nm`}`lb }dn `lm`q`m~hi a`nim nl}v mn}h`iu ~u`lb }dn Nm`}Uevnnl Nl}v Mn}h`iu phlni,

]k m`upih }dn a`nim nl}v mn}h`iu akv hl a`nim pihen }dn e~vukv kl }dh} a`nim kv `}uihfni `l }dn a`vu} u~fa`in vnekvm hlm pvnuu }dn Nl}nv jn, ]k m`upih }dn a`nim nl}v

mn}h`iu akv }dn Mhg Dkvun ekmn a`nim pihen }dn e~vukv kl }dn a`nim,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―80

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

Udkv}nl`lb A`nim Ihfni akv Mhg Dkvun Ekmn

Pk~ ehl udkv}nl }dn ihfni fnakvn }dn a`nim f edhlb`lb }dn Ina} dhlm u`mn }nt}$IDU }nt}), @l }d`u ehun edhlbn }dn Ina} dhlm u`mn }nt} avkg Mhg Dkvun ekmn }k

Mhg,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Udkv}nl`lb A`nim Ihfni akv U`vn Dkvun Ekmn

]dn uneklm i`ln ka }dn u~fa`in vnekvm akvgh} lkr a`}u kl }dn phlni, ]dn lnt} u}np

`u }k udkv}nl }dn ihfni akv }dn U`vn Dkvun ekmn a`nim ~u`lb }dn uhgn pvkenuu hlmpku`}`kl }dn e~vukv,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―68

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Edhlbn }dn Ina} dhlm u`mn }nt} }k U`vn,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vn}~vl }k }dn mnq`en mnu`bl,

Vngkq`lb A`nim Ihfniu

Pk~ ehl ekgpvnuu }dn phlni ihk~} a~v}dnv f vngkq`lb }dn ihfniu Mhg lhgnhlm U`vn lhgn, ]k mk uk a`vu} pihen }dn e~vukv kl }dn Mhg lhgn a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

=―66 ]~}kv`hi

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Lk}`en }dn qhi~n ka F $Fnakvn) `l }dn Ihfni ikeh}`kl a`nim: }d`u eh~unm }dn IDU }nt}}k hppnhv hu h ihfni fnakvn }dn U`vn lhgn a`nim, ]k vngkqn }dn ihfni edhlbn }dnIhfni ikeh}`kl a`nim avkg F }k fihlj,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Ha}nv vngkq`lb a`nim ihfniu akv }dn Mhg lhgn hlm U`vn lhgn a`nimu }dn vnu~i}`lbphlni r`ii ikkj i`jn }dn akiikr`lb uevnnl,

=―6= ]~}kv`hi

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

Enl}nv`lb h A`nim r`}d Vnupne} }k `}u Ihfni

]dn Ihfni uphe`lb a`nim kl }dn Nm`} Uevnnl Nl}v Mn}h`iu phlni in}u k~ pku`}`kl ha`nim r`}d vnupne} }k `}u ihfni, ]d`u hppi`nu }k a`nimu kl }dn uhgn i`ln hu }dn`v ihfnihu rnii hu }k a`nimu pku`}`klnm fnikr }dn`v ihfni, Kln ~un ka }dn Ihfni uphe`lba`nim `u }k enl}nv h a`nim rdkun inlb}d `u udkv}nv }dhl }dn ihfni inlb}d: akv nthgpin}dn Dkvun bnlmnv a`nim,

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii enl}nv }dn Dkvun bnlmnv a`nim fnikr `}u ihfni, ]k mk }d`uheenuu }dn Nm`} Uevnnl Nl}v Mn}h`iu phlni akv }dn Dkvun bnlmnv a`nim, _ku`}`kl }dne~vukv,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―6>

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

]pn 6 `l }dn Ihfni uphe`lb a`nim }k gkqn }dn a`nim }rk pku`}`klu }k }dn v`bd} hlmpvnuu A`nim Nt`},

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vn}~vl }k }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl Nm`}kv,

Lk}n }dh} }dn Dkvun bnlmnv a`nim `u lkr enl}nvnm fnikr `}u ihfni,

Gkq`lb A`nimu }k V`bd} hlm Ina}

A`nim pku`}`kl`lb r`}d`l h mnq`en mnu`bl `u vnih}`qn, Akv nthgpin nhed a`nim `upku`}`klnm r`}d vnupne} }k }dn pvnq`k~u a`nim `l }dn akvgh}, Pk~ ehl hmc~u} }dnpku`}`kl ka h a`nim f `lunv}`lb kv vngkq`lb uphenu fnakvn `} ~u`lb n`}dnv a~le}`kljnu kv }dn Nm`} Uevnnl Nl}v Mn}h`iu phlni,

^u`lb A~le}`kl Jnu

Akv nthgpin A8? `lunv}u kln uphen fnakvn }dn a`nim ihfni ka }dn a`nim rdnvn }dne~vukv `u pku`}`klnm eh~u`lb }dn a`nim hlm hii a`nimu }k }dn v`bd} ka `} }k fn gkqnm}k }dn v`bd}, A66 vngkqnu kln uphen fnakvn }dn a`nim hlm gkqnu }dn nl}`vn i`ln }k}dn ina},

_ku`}`kl }dn e~vukv kl }dn Mhg a`nim,

=―61 ]~}kv`hi

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

_vnuu A8? a`qn }`gnu }k `lmnl} }dn i`ln fnb`ll`lb r`}d Mhg f a`qn uphenu,

Pk~ dhqn c~u} gkqnm }dn Mhg a`nim }k }dn v`bd} uk }dh} }dn uneklm vkr fnb`lufnikr }dn Dkvun ekmn a`nim,

^u`lb }dn Nm`} Uevnnl Nl}v Mn}h`iu _hlni

Pk~ ehl hiuk gkqn a`nimu f edhlb`lb }dn qhi~n `l }dn Uphenu fnakvn a`nim kl }dnNm`} Uevnnl Nl}v Mn}h`iu phlni, _ku`}`kl }dn e~vukv kl }dn U`vn a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} Uevnnl Nl}v Mn}h`iu phlni, Edhlbn }dn Uphenufnakvn a`nim }k 1 hu udkrl hlm pvnuu A`nim Nt`},

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―62

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Hmc~u}`lb }dn Ihfni Uphe`lb ka }dn Mhg A`nim

]dn hfkqn u}npu r`ii i`ln ~p }dn a`nim ihfniu akv Mhg hlm U`vn, ]dn nl}v a`nimuehl lkr fn hi`blnm f pihe`lb }dn e~vukv kl }dn Mhg a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Edhlbn }dn Ihfni uphe`lb }k 8 hu udkrl hlm pvnuu A`nim Nt`},

=―64 ]~}kv`hi

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

Kp}`klhi Ntnve`un

Vnpnh} }d`u pvkenuu }k hi`bl }dn nl}v a`nimu akv Mhg Mh}n ka f`v}d hlm U`vn Mh}nka f`v}d, ]k mk uk pihen }dn e~vukv kl Mhg Mh}n ka f`v}d pvnuu Nl}nv hlm edhlbn

}dn Ihfni uphe`lb a`nim }k 8, _vnuu Nl}nv }k vn}~vl }k }dn mnq`en mnu`bl, ]dn vnu~i}udk~im ikkj i`jn }d`u3

_hlni Akvgh} Vnih}`klu

Rdnl }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl `u `gpingnl}nm }dn pvkbvhg h~}kgh}`ehii`lei~mnu ekmn }k ednej }dn qhi`m`} ka nhed `lp~} ehphfin a`nim kl }dn u~fa`in

vnekvm, F mnah~i} nqnv vnih}`kl g~u} fn uh}`ua`nm, ]d`u r`ii eh~un }dn vnu~i}`lbhppi`eh}`kl }k ednej }dn DKVUN a`in rdnl }dn nlm ~unv upne`a`nu h Mhg Ekmn,]dn Mhg ekmn g~u} fn }dh} ka h qhi`m anghin dkvun, ]d`u pvnunl}u h pk}nl}`hipvkfing, Rdnl }dn nlm ~unv hmmu }dn a`vu} dkvun }k }dn hppi`eh}`kl `} r`ii fnvncne}nm, ]d`u `u fneh~un }dnvn hvn lk dkvunu nt`u}`lb kl }dn a`in h} }dh} }`gn }dh}hvn hqh`ihfin hu phvnl}u $Mhg kv U`vn),

]k kqnvekgn }d`u pvkfing k~ ehl kqnvv`mn }dn mnah~i} ednej qhi~nu akv }dnphlni akvgh} vnih}`klu hlm ghjn }dn qhi`mh}`kl ka phv}`e~ihv vnih}`klu kp}`klhi,Rdnl hl nlm ~unv nl}nvu h qhi~n `} r`ii fn qhi`mh}nm, Dkrnqnv }dn nlm ~unv r`iilk} fn vnx~`vnm }k nl}nv h qhi~n, ]d`u `u mkln ~u`lb }dn Nm`} Uevnnl Akvgh}Vnih}`klu phlni,

_ihen }dn e~vukv kl hl a`nim ka }dn a`vu} u~fa`in vnekvm,

=―5? ]~}kv`hi

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

_vnuu A2 }k m`upih }dn Nm`} Uevnnl Akvgh} Vnih}`klu phlni,

Nm`}`lb _hlni Akvgh} Vnih}`klu

Edhlbn }dn qhi`mh}`kl ka h vnih}`kl }k kp}`klhi f }p`lb K hbh`lu} }dn vninqhl}vnih}`kl, @l }d`u }~}kv`hi }dn ednej eklm`}`kl akv }dn }rk Vnanvu }k vnih}`klu hlm}dn ednej eklm`}`kl akv DKVUN Dhu Dkvun qhi~n udk~im fn kp}`klhi,

]pn K hbh`lu} }dn a`vu} Vnanvu }k vnih}`kl hlm }dn Dhu Dkvun qhi~n vnih}`kl,

_vnuu Vkii ^p }k m`upih }dn uneklm DKVUN Vnanvu }k DKVUN vnih}`kl hlm }pnK `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―58

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

_vnuu Nl}nv }k ekla`vg, Lk}n }dh} }dn qhi~n `l }dn Ednej eki~gl akv }dn unine}nmvnih}`klu edhlbnm avkg VNX^@VNM }k K_]@KLHI,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn mnq`en mnu`bl,

Ekgpin}nm Mnq`en Mnu`bl

]dn Nm`} Dkvun mnq`en mnu`bl `u lkr ekgpin}n hlm udk~im ikkj i`jn }d`u3

_vnuu A5 }k uhqn hlm nt`} }dn mnq`en mnu`bl, ]dn Nm`} A~le}`kl Mnq`enu phlnim`upihu,

=―56 ]~}kv`hi

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

Nt`}`lb }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Avkg }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl Mnq`enu phlni k~ ehl edhlbn }dn phlni }`}in m`upih }dnhe}`kl m`hbvhg akv }dn a~le}`kl m`upih hii kpnl a~le}`klu $Hmqhl}hbn 6N hiikru

k~ }k dhqn g~i}`pin a~le}`klu kpnl) vn}~vl }k }dn mnq`en mnu`bl kv nt`} hlmuhqn }dn mnq`en mnu`bl,

_vnuu A5 }k nt`} hlm m`upih }dn Nt`} A~le}`kl Mna`l`}`kl phlni,

Nt`} A~le}`kl Mna`l`}`kl

]dn Nt`} A~le}`kl Mna`l`}`kl phlni in}u k~ kp}`klhii uhqn hl edhlbnu }k }dn

mnq`en mnu`bl, Pk~ ehl hiuk edhlbn }dn lhgn ka }dn a~le}`kl heenuu ph}d kv a`in,Avkg }d`u phlni k~ ehl hiuk pv`l} }dn a~le}`kl mn}h`iu vn}~vl }k nm`}`lb }dnmnq`en mnu`bl kv u~fg`} }dn a~le}`kl akv bnlnvh}`kl,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―55

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

@lqkj`lb }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Pk~ ehl heenuu }dn mnah~i} mnq`en mnu`bl akv h a~le}`kl m`vne}i avkg }dn Nm`}A~le}`klu phlni, Ekgphvn }d`u }k }dn rh k~ heenuunm }dn mnq`en mnu`bl akv }dn

Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl `l }dn }~}kv`hi }kp`e k~ c~u} ekgpin}nm, @l }dh} ehun k~}pnm S }k m`upih }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu phlni hlm }dnl pvnuunm A0 }k heenuu}dn mnq`en mnu`bl,

Unine} }dn Unine} Dkvun a~le}`kl f }p`lb hl U `l }dn ; eki~gl $U~fa`in unine}kv),

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn mnah~i} mnq`en mnu`bl,

Mnah~i} Mnq`en Mnu`bl akv Unine} Dkvun

H mnah~i} r`lmkr mnq`en mnu`bl m`upihu, ]dn u~fa`in ekl}vki akvgh} udkru kli}dn jn a`nimu hlm }dn u~fa`in vnekvm akvgh} udkru hii a`nimu kl }dn DKVUN a`in,Pk~ ehl ~un hl ka }dn pvkenm~vnu udkrl `l }dn pvnq`k~u une}`kl }k gkm`a }dnmnq`en mnu`bl, @l hmm`}`kl `l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii d`mn hii ka }dn a`nimu `l }dnDKVUN a`in k}dnv }dhl Dkvun ekmn Dkvun lhgn Dkvun bnlmnv hlm Mh}n ka f`v}d`l }dn u~fa`in vnekvm akvgh},

_ku`}`kl e~vukv kl hl a`nim `l }dn a`vu} u~fa`in vnekvm,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―5>

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

_vnuu A> }k m`upih h i`u} ka hii hqh`ihfin a`nimu akv }dn Unine} Dkvun mnq`en mnu`blr`lmkr,

D`m`lb A`nimu `l }dn U~fa`in Vnekvm Akvgh}

]dn Nm`} Uevnnl Akvgh} Mn}h`iu phlni ekl}h`lu h i`u} ka hii a`nimu huuke`h}nm r`}d}d`u a~le}`kl, Pk~ gh lk} rhl} }k udkr hii ka }dn a`nimu kl k~v phlni, Pk~ ehld`mn a`nimu k~ mk lk} rhl} m`upihnm f }p`lb D `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv ka }dnNm`} Uevnnl Akvgh} Mn}h`iu phlni,

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii d`mn }dn akiikr`lb lkl'jn a`nimu3 Dkvun qhi~n Mhg Dkvun

ekmn Mhg lhgn Mhg Mh}n ka f`v}d U`vn Dkvun ekmn U`vn lhgn hlm U`vn Mh}n kaf`v}d, ]pn D lnt} }k }dnun a`nimu,

=―51 ]~}kv`hi

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

_vnuu Vkii ^p }k m`upih gkvn a`nimu, ]pn D lnt} }k U`vn Lhgn hlm U`vn Mh}n kaF`v}d,

_vnuu Nl}nv, Lk}n }dh} }dn qhi~n ka }dn Kqv $Kqnvv`mn) eki~gl akv }dn unine}nma`nimu edhlbnm avkg K }k D,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl Nm`}kv,

Gkm`a`nm U~fa`in Ekl}vki Akvgh}

Lk}n }dh} }dn d`mmnl a`nimu hvn lk iklbnv udkrl kl }dn u~fa`in vnekvm akvgh} ka

}dn mnq`en mnu`bl akv }dn Unine} Dkvun a~le}`kl,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―52

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

Ntnve`un

Ekgpin}n }dn akiikr`lb ntnve`un }k gkm`a }dn mnq`en mnu`bl akv }dn Unine} Dkvuna~le}`kl, ^un a~le}`kl jnu hu k~ m`m akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl pvnq`k~ui `l

}d`u }~}kv`hi,

Gkm`a }dn mnq`en mnu`bl akv }dn Unine} Dkvun a~le}`kl uk }dh} `} vnaine}u }dnmnu`bl }dh} akiikru,

R`lmkr Kp}`klu Nm`}kv

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii vnm~en }dn m`gnlu`klu ka }dn Unine} Dkvun r`lmkr uk }dh} `} c~u} u~vvk~lmu hii vngh`l`lb a`nimu hu phv} ka }dn mnq`en mnu`bl, Pk~ ehl heenuu}dn R`lmkr Kp}`klu Nm`}kv avkg }dn a~le}`kl }`}in, _ku`}`kl }dn e~vukv kl }dna~le}`kl }`}in,

=―54 ]~}kv`hi

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn Nm`} A~le}`kl‐u R`lmkr Kp}`klu phlni ekl}h`lu }dn phvhgn}nvu }dh} ekl}vki}dn u`sn hlm ikeh}`kl ka h r`lmkr kl h phlni, Pk~ ehl edhlbn }dn mnah~i} qhi~nuhlm qhi~n i`g`}u akv }dn r`lmkr mnp}d r`m}d hlm pku`}`kl hu lnnmnm, @l }d`u}~}kv`hi k~ r`ii gkm`a }dn mnp}d hlm r`m}d ka }dn r`lmkr,

Edhlb`lb R`lmkr M`gnlu`klu

Edhlbn }dn r`m}d hlm mnp}d ka }dn r`lmkr }k `lei~mn c~u} }dn a`nimu kl }dnmnq`en mnu`bl, Pk~ ehl anni avnn }k ntpnv`gnl} f }v`lb unqnvhi ekgf`lh}`klu~l}`i k~ hed`nqn h phlni ihk~} }dh} gnn}u k~v lnnmu, Akv }d`u }~}kv`hi edhlbn}dn r`lmkr uk }dh} }dn mnp}d `u 82 hlm }dn r`m}d `u 16,

_vnuu Nl}nv hlm pvnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl Nm`}kv,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―50

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Mnq`en Mnu`blu

Nt`}`lb }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Nt`} }d`u a~le}`kl }dn uhgn rh hu k~ nt`}nm avkg }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl, _vnuuA5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nt`} A~le}`kl Mna`l`}`kl phlni,

]k uhqn }dn a~le}`kl heenp} }dn mnah~i} ka P hlm pvnuu Nl}nv, Ha}nv k~v mnq`enmnu`bl `u uhqnm k~ r`ii fn vn}~vlnm }k }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl phlni,

Ntnve`unu

Fnakvn ekl}`l~`lb r`}d }dn vnu} ka }dn }~}kv`hi ekgpin}n }dn akiikr`lb ntnve`unu,

8, Evnh}n }dn mnah~i} a~le}`klu akv }dn VHEN hlm CKEJNP a`inu hu k~ m`m akv}dn EK^VUN hlm DKVUN a`inu, Pk~ r`ii evnh}n }dn mnah~i} a~le}`klu akvVHEN NL]VP ih}nv `l }d`u edhp}nv,

D`l}3 Vngngfnv }dh} Hmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehii evnh}nu }dn mnah~i}a~le}`klu akv h a`in }dn a`vu} }`gn k~ }pn A hbh`lu} hl vnih}`kl akv }dn a`in kl}dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

6, Ednej }dn mnq`en mnu`bl akv nhed ka }dn akiikr`lb nt}nvlhi a~le}`klu }k`gpvkqn `}u hppnhvhlen hlm }k nlu~vn }dh} }dn mnq`en mnu`bl mknu lk} ntennm}dn u`sn ka }dn phlni3 Nm`} Ek~vun Unine} Ek~vun Nm`} Vhen Unine} Vhen Nm`}

 Ckejn Unine} Ckejn Unine} U}hii`klu hlm Unine} Ghvnu, Lk}n }dh} h mnq`enmnu`bl }dh} ntennmu }dn u`sn ka }dn phlni r`ii eh~un nvvkvu rdnl k~ bnlnvh}n

}dn a~le}`klu `l }dn Bnlnvh}`lb) Ekgp`i`lb) hlm Ntne~}`lb edhp}nv,

D`l}3 Pk~ heenuu }dn mnq`en mnu`bl akv h a~le}`kl f }p`lb U hbh`lu} `} kl }dnNm`} A~le}`klu phlni kv f pvnuu`lb A0 avkg }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu phlni,]k nm`} }dn mnq`en mnu`bl ~un }dn a~le}`kl jnu k~ c~u} ~unm }k nm`} }dnmnq`en mnu`blu akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun hlm Unine} Dkvun a~le}`klu, _vnuu Dnip kvvnanv }k }dn }hfin nhvi`nv `l }d`u }kp`e akv h i`u} ka a~le}`kl jnu,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―=8

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

He}`kl M`hbvhgu

]d`u }kp`e `l}vkm~enu he}`kl m`hbvhgu hlm }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N He}`kl M`hbvhgNm`}kv,

Lnr }nvgu `l}vkm~enm3

▯ Hmqhl}hbn 6N he}`kl m`hbvhg

▯ He}`kl m`hbvhg he}`kl

▯ Unx~nl}`hi eklu}v~e}

▯ @}nvh}`qn eklu}v~e}

▯ Eklm`}`klhi eklu}v~e}

▯ D`mmnl eklu}v~e}

▯ ^unv pk`l}

▯ Ekl}nt}

▯ Hmqhl}hbn 6N gnuuhbn a~le}`kl

▯ Hmqhl}hbn 6N a~le}`kl phvhgn}nv

Lnr phlniu l}vkm~enm3

▯ Nm`} He}`kl M`hbvhg

▯ Nm`} He}`kl Eklm`}`kl

▯ Nm`} He}`kl

▯ Nm`} Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl

▯ Nm`} A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

▯ Nm`} Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu

Kqnvq`nr ka He}`kl M`hbvhgu

Hl he}`kl m`hbvhg ekl}h`lu }dn pvkenuu`lb u}npu }dh} ghjn ~p h a~le}`kl, Nhedhe}`kl m`hbvhg eklu`u}u ka h i`u} ka he}`klu rdnvn nhed he}`kl gh fn n`}dnv h ehii}k hlk}dnv a~le}`kl kv kln ka h l~gfnv ka ikr inqni f~`i}'`l a~le}`klu: akvnthgpin #HMM,

]dn unx~nlen `l rd`ed he}`klu hvn ntne~}nm `u ekl}vkiinm f }dvnn u`gpineklu}v~e}u3 unx~nl}`hi eklm`}`klhi hlm `}nvh}`qn, ]dn eklu}v~e}u upne`a h i`u} kahe}`klu hlm kp}`klhii rdnl hlm dkr }k ntne~}n }dkun he}`klu, Eklu}v~e}u hvn}dn fhu`e f~`im`lb fikeju ka hl he}`kl m`hbvhg, ]dn hvn hirhu ntne~}nm avkg}kp }k fk}}kg, @l hmm`}`kl eklu}v~e}u gh fn lnu}nm: `l k}dnv rkvmu hl he}`klr`}d`l h eklu}v~e} gh fn hlk}dnv eklu}v~e},

=―=6 ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

Mnah~i} He}`kl M`hbvhg

Hmqhl}hbn 6N u~ppi`nu h mnah~i} he}`kl m`hbvhg akv nhed a~le}`kl, @l }d`u u}npk~ r`ii q`nr hlm nm`} }dn mnah~i} he}`kl m`hbvhg akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl,

Avkg }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl phlni }pn A `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv akv }dn Nm`} Dkvuna~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k q`nr }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl,

]dn He}`kl M`hbvhg Nm`}kv‐u U~fa`in unine}kv pvkq`mnu kp}`klu akv nm`}`lb hlhe}`kl m`hbvhg `lei~m`lb kp}`klu akv `lunv}`lb hlm ghl`p~ih}`lb ~unv'mna`lnmhe}`klu, ]d`u }kp`e mngklu}vh}nu ghl ka }dnun kp}`klu, Pk~ ehl }pn ; `l }dnU~fa`in unine}kv }k q`nr h i`u} ka hii hiikrnm qhi~nu,

=―== ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

D`mmnl Eklu}v~e}u hlm ^unv _k`l}u

]dn he}`kl m`hbvhg `u `l`}`hii udkrl h} h u~gghv inqni r`}d ghl d`mmnleklu}v~e}u, ]d`u hiikru k~ }k unn }dn nl}`vn he}`kl m`hbvhg `l k~}i`ln akvg kl h

u`lbin phlni, ]dn lhgnu ka d`mmnl eklu}v~e}u hvn pvnenmnm f }dvnn mk}u $akvnthgpin ,,,@l`}`hi`sn), ]dn lhgn ka h ekgpin}n eklu}v~e} `u pvnenmnm f hl hlbinfvhejn} $akv nthgpin <Nm`} Dkvun),

Pk~ ehl hi}nv kv hmm }k }dn mnah~i} pvkenuu`lb f nm`}`lb }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg,Kli env}h`l phv}u ka }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg gh fn hi}nvnm, ]dn hvnhu }dh} k~ ehl

gkm`a hvn ehiinm ~unv pk`l}u hlm hvn `lm`eh}nm f hl hlbin fvhejn} $9 ) `l }dnv`bd} ghvb`l ka }dn phlni, ]dn vnu} ka }dn mnah~i} he}`kl m`hbvhg `u pvk}ne}nm }knlu~vn }dh} k~ mk lk} hee`mnl}hii edhlbn nuunl}`hi a~le}`kl pvkenuu`lb,

Pk~ ehl m`upih h unine}`kl i`u} ka hii }dn ~unv pk`l}u akv h a~le}`kl f pvnuu`lb A>,Pk~ r`ii ~un }d`u anh}~vn ih}nv `l }d`u }~}kv`hi,

R`}d`l h ~unv pk`l} nhed ~unv'mna`lnm he}`kl `u `lm`eh}nm f }dvnn ednqvklu$999) `l }dn v`bd} ghvb`l ka }dn phlni, @l hmm`}`kl `a k~ pvnuu A> }k q`nr }dn i`u}ka hii ~unv pk`l}u ~unv pk`l}u ekl}h`l`lb ~unv'mna`lnm he}`klu hvn `lm`eh}nm f}dvnn ednqvklu `l }dn v`bd} ghvb`l,

Nm`} Dkvun He}`kl M`hbvhg

Hphv} avkg `l`}`hi`sh}`kl }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl eklu`u}unuunl}`hii ka hl `}nvh}`kl ka }rk u}npu, ]dn a`vu} u}np m`upihu h phlni }k }dn ~unv,]dn uneklm pvkenuunu }dn vnupklun }dh} `u nl}nvnm, Rn r`ii nthg`ln }dn uneklmu}np `l gkvn mn}h`i, @} `lei~mnu qhi`mh}`kl hlm ~pmh}n pvkenuu`lb,

]dn fhu`e qhi`mh}`kl }dn mnah~i} Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl pnvakvgu `u mnv`qnm avkg }dnmna`l`}`kl ka }dn DKVUN a`in vnih}`klu a`nimu hlm eklm`}`klu k~ upne`a`nm `l }dnmh}h gkmni, @l }d`u }~}kv`hi k~ r`ii hmm nt}vh qhi`mh}`kl vk~}`lnu }k ednej }dh} hdkvun `u k~lbnv }dhl `}u phvnl}u, ]k mk }d`u k~ r`ii lnnm }k a`lm }dn vninqhl}phv} ka }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg }k nm`},

M`upih`lb D`mmnl Eklu}v~e}u `l h He}`kl M`hbvhg

Pk~ ehl q`nr }dn ekl}nl}u ka h d`mmnl eklu}v~e} f }p`lb U $udkr) hbh`lu} hli`ln `lm`eh}nm f }dvnn mk}u $,,,) hlm pvnuu`lb Nl}nv, ]d`u ntphlmu }dn unine}nm

d`mmnl eklu}v~e}, Lk}n }dh} rdnl k~ ntphlm h d`mmnl eklu}v~e} }dn }dvnn mk}uedhlbn }k < }k `lm`eh}n }dh} }dn nl}`vn eklu}v~e} `u m`upihnm, Pk~ ehl d`mn }dneklu}v~e} hbh`l r`}d h U~fa`in unine}kv qhi~n ka D $d`mn),

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―=>

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

Rdnl d`mmnl eklu}v~e}u hvn m`upihnm }dn rdkin he}`kl m`hbvhg kee~p`nu gkvn}dhl kln phlni, ]k u`gpi`a nm`}`lb hl he}`kl m`hbvhg k~ ehl m`upih d`mmnleklu}v~e}u `lm`q`m~hii f }p`lb S $skkg) `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv, Pk~ r`ii ~un}d`u `l }dn lnt} u}np,

Hu k~ r`ii unn `l }dn akiikr`lb u}npu k~ ehl skkg `l}k d`mmnl eklu}v~e}u h}ekl}`l~hii mnnpnv inqniu ka }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg, H} hl pk`l} k~ ehl vnqnvun }dnnaane} ka }dn ihu} S k~ }pnm f }p`lb ^ $~lskkg) `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv, ]kvn}~vl }k }dn }kpgku} inqni }pn ] $}kp) l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv,

Hmm`lb Nt}vh Qhi`mh}`kl }k Nm`} Dkvun

]k hmm nt}vh qhi`mh}`kl eklm`}`klu }k }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl k~ g~u} heenuu}dn phv} ka }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg }dh} pvkenuunu }dn mh}h jnnm `l}k }dn m`upihnmu~fa`in phbn, ]d`u `u }dn d`mmnl ,,,_vkenuu vnupklun eklu}v~e}, Lk}n }dn hvvkr `l

}dn v`bd} ghvb`l $9”), ]d`u `lm`eh}nu }dh} }d`u eklu}v~e} ekl}h`lu kln kv gkvn~unv pk`l}u rdnvn k~ ehl hmm ~unv'mna`lnm qhi`mh}`kl,

]k m`upih }d`u eklu}v~e} }pn S hbh`lu} ,,,_vkenuu vnupklun,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

=―=1 ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

]dn _vkenuu Vnupklun Eklu}v~e}

]dn _vkenuu vnupklun eklu}v~e} `u lkr m`upihnm, @} `u ghmn ~p ka ak~v g~}~hiintei~u`qn he}`klu fhunm kl rd`ed a~le}`kl jn rhu pvnuunm, Akv nthgpin }dn Nt`}

jn nt`}u }dn pvkbvhg }dn Lnt} phbn jn ikhmu hlk}dnv u~fa`in phbn hlm }dnVnun} jn vnikhmu }dn u~fa`in phbn }k pvkenuu }dn `lp~} mh}h, @l }d`u ehun k~ r`iiskkg `l}k }dn d`mmnl ,,,_vkenuu uevnnl eklu}v~e},

]pn S hbh`lu} ,,,_vkenuu uevnnl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn _vkenuu Uevnnl Eklu}v~e}

]dn mnq`en mnu`bl akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl `u ghmn ~p ka }rk phv}u3 h u~fa`inekl}vki akvgh} hlm h vnpnh}`lb u~fa`in vnekvm akvgh}, Mnah~i} pvkenuu`lb akv }d`ua~le}`kl `lqkiqnu qhi`mh}`kl ka }dn u~fa`in ekl}vki hlm u~fa`in vnekvm fnakvn~pmh}`lb }dn mh}hfhun a`in,

Skkg `l}k }dn ,,,Qhi`mh}n u~fa`in eklu}v~e} f }p`lb S hbh`lu} `},

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―=2

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn Qhi`mh}n U~fa`in Vnekvm Eklu}v~e}

Lk}n }dn d`mmnl ,,,Qhi`mh}n u~fa`in vnekvm eklu}v~e} }dh} vnu~i}u rdnl k~ntphlmnm }dn ,,,Qhi`mh}n u~fa`in eklu}v~e}, Qhi`mh}`kl ka u~fa`in vnekvm `lp~} `uehvv`nm k~} kl hl u~fa`in vnekvmu }dh} dhqn fnnl edhlbnm f }dn nlm ~unv,U~fa`in vnekvm a`nimu hlm vnih}`klu hvn h~}kgh}`ehii qhi`mh}nm heekvm`lb }k }dnupne`a`eh}`klu mneihvnm `l }dn mnu`bl pvkenuu, ]d`u `u u~gghv`snm hu akiikru3

▯ A`nimu g~u} uh}`ua }dn`v mh}h }pnu: akv nthgpin

Mh}n ka f`v}d g~u} fn h qhi`m mh}n,Dkvun qhi~n g~u} fn l~gnv`e, Lk}n }dh} snvk `u qhi`m fneh~un `} `u hl kp}`klhivnih}`kl,

Dkvun lhgn g~u} fn pvnunl} hlm ikrnv ehun `u qhi`m,

▯ A`nimu g~u} uh}`ua hl ednej eklm`}`klu: akv nthgpin

Dkvun bnlmnv g~u} fn ghin $G) kv anghin $A),

▯ Hl a`in'}k'a`in vnih}`klud`pu g~u} fn uh}`ua`nm: akv nthgpin

Mhg ekmn `a upne`a`nm g~u} fn }dn ekmn ka h qhi`m dkvun, @l hmm`}`kl }dndkvun g~u} fn anghin fneh~un }dn DKVUN Vnanvu }k DKVUN Akv Mhg vnih}`kl~unu }dn Ghvnu heenuu ph}d }dh} unine}u anghin dkvunu kli,

U`vn ekmn `a upne`a`nm g~u} fn }dn ekmn ka h qhi`m dkvun, ]dn dkvun g~u} fnghin fneh~un }dn DKVUN Vnanvu }k DKVUN Akv U`vn vnih}`kl ~unu }dnU}hii`klu heenuu ph}d }dh} unine}u ghin dkvunu kli,

]pn S hbh`lu} ,,,Qhi`mh}n u~fa`in vnekvm,

=―=4 ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Hmm`lb h Qhi`mh}`kl _vkenm~vn

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii ~un }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg nm`}kv }k hmm k~v krl qhi`mh}`klpvkenm~vn, Hmm }dn pvkenm~vn }k }dn ^UNV3 Qhi`mh}n u~fa`in vnekvm vnih}`klu ~unvpk`l},

]pn S hbh`lu} ,,,^UNV3 Qhi`mh}n u~fa`in vnekvm vnih}`klu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―=0

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

U~fa`in Vnekvm Vnih}`klu

]dn }dvnn ednqvklu $999) `l }dn v`bd} ghvb`l ka }dn phlni `lm`eh}n }dh} k~ ghhmm k~v krl pvkenuu`lb h} }d`u pk`l},

Nm`}`lb }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg

]d`u }kp`e mnuev`fnu ukgn ka }dn U~fa`in unine}kv qhi~nu hqh`ihfin akv nm`}`lb hlhe}`kl m`hbvhg, Pk~ ehl }pn ; `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv }k q`nr h unine}`kl i`u} ka hiiqhi~nu, Lk}n }dh} }dnun U~fa`in unine}kv qhi~nu hvn ukgn}`gnu vnanvvnm }k hu

ekgghlmu,

Gku} ka }dn U~fa`in unine}kv qhi~nu udkrl dnvn r`ii fn mngklu}vh}nm `l }d`u hlm}dn akiikr`lb }kp`eu, ]k inhvl hfk~} hmm`}`klhi anh}~vnu ka }dn He}`kl M`hbvhgNm`}kv vnanv }k }dn kli`ln Dnip kv }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N gkm~in F~`im`lb

 Hppi`eh}`klu,

Udkr`lb hlm d`m`lb d`mmnl eklu}v~e}u”]dnun U~fa`in unine}kv qhi~nu rnvnekqnvnm pvnq`k~ui `l }d`u }kp`e: }d`u `u c~u} h vnq`nr, ]k m`upih h d`mmnleklu}v~e} lm`q`m~hii ~un S $skkg), ]k vnqnvun }dn naane} ka }dn ihu} S k~}pnm ~un ^ $~lskkg): }k vn}~vl }k }dn }kpgku} inqni ~un ] $}kp),

]k d`mn h ikr inqni eklu}v~e} ~un D $d`mn), ]dn qhi~n D `u bnlnvhii ~unm }k

u`gpi`a hl he}`kl m`hbvhg m`upih uk `} `u nhu`nv }k akiikr, ]k q`nr }dn ekl}nl}uka h d`mmnl eklu}v~e} ~un }dn qhi~n U $udkr),

@lunv}`lb lnr eklu}v~e}u”^un }dn akiikr`lb U~fa`in unine}kv qhi~nu }k hmm lnreklu}v~e}u }k hl he}`kl m`hbvhg3

=―>? ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

U~fa`in Unine}kv Qhi~n @lunv}u

@H Hl he}`kl

@U H unx~nlen ka he}`klu $Unx~nlen eklu}v~e})

@@ Hl `}nvh}`kl ikkp $@}nvh}`qn eklu}v~e})

@E H ehun eklm`}`kl $Ehun eklu}v~e})

@T H lnr eklm`}`kl r`}d`l h Ehun eklu}v~e}

]dn lnr eklu}v~e} u}hv}u kl }dn i`ln akiikr`lb }dn kln kl rd`ed }dn `lunv}`kl rhuupne`a`nm, @lunv}nm eklu}v~e}u hvn `l`}`hii mna`lnm `l bnlnvhi }nvgu, Akv nthgpin3

]d`u `u h bnlnv`e mna`l`}`kl ka h eklm`}`klhi eklu}v~e}: rdnvn ((( Lnr eklm`}`kl`lm`eh}nu h eklm`}`klhi u}h}ngnl} hlm ((( ^lmnv}nvg`lnm he}`kl `lm`eh}nu }dnhe}`kl }k fn pnvakvgnm `a }dn eklm`}`kl `u }v~n, Pk~ ehl ~un }dnun bnlnvhiu}v~e}~vnu }k ednej }dn pvkbvhg ikb`e, Ha}nv k~ hvn u~vn }dn ikb`e `u ekvvne} k~ehl upne`a }dn mn}h`iu ka }dn eklm`}`klu hlm he}`klu,

Ahu} ph}du akv `lunv}`lb he}`klu”]dn akiikr`lb U~fa`in unine}kv qhi~nu pvkq`mnahu} ph}du }dh} k~ ehl ~un }k nl}nv qhv`k~u he}`klu,

U~fa`in Unine}kv Qhi~n @lunv}u

@# H ekggnl}

@* Hl #HMM f~`i}'`l a~le}`kl

@' H #U^F f~`i}'`l a~le}`kl

@7 H #GKQN f~`i}'`l a~le}`kl

@G H Gnuuhbn a~le}`kl

Nl}nv`lb eklu}v~e} mn}h`iu”Pk~ ehl }hjn hl hmm`}`klhi ahu} ph}d }k mna`l`lb }dnmn}h`iu akv hl ka }dn ahu} ph}d eklu}v~e}u+he}`klu f hppnlm`lb A }k }dnU~fa`in unine}kv qhi~n $akv nthgpin @HA), @lei~m`lb }dn A eh~unu Hmqhl}hbn6N }k m`upih }dn hppvkpv`h}n phlni rdnvn k~ nl}nv mn}h`iu akv }dn eklu}v~e}

kv he}`kl,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―>8

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

Gkq`lb hlm ekp`lb eklu}v~e}u”]k gkqn kv ekp h eklu}v~e} }pn G kv E `l}dn U~fa`in unine}kv ka }dn unine}nm eklu}v~e}, ]pn H $ha}nv) kl }dn i`ln hfkqn}dn ikeh}`kl `l }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg }k rd`ed k~ rhl} }k gkqn kv ekp }dneklu}v~e}, ]dn eklu}v~e} r`ii fn pihenm Ha}nv }d`u i`ln, Hi}nvlh}`qni k~ ehl

}pn F $fnakvn) kl }dn i`ln fnikr }dn }hvbn} ikeh}`kl, ]dn eklu}v~e} r`ii fnpihenm Fnakvn }d`u i`ln,

Pk~ ehl hiuk gkqn kv ekp h fikej ka eklu}v~e}u ~u`lb }dn GG $gkqn fikej) kvEE $ekp fikej) ekgghlmu, ]dnun ekgghlmu hvn ~unm `l ph`vu: akv nthgpin}pn GG kl }dn a`vu} i`ln `l }dn fikej }k fn gkqnm hlm }pn hlk}dnv GG kl }dnihu} i`ln ka }dn fikej }k fn gkqnm, ]dn nl}`vn fikej g~u} fn h} }dn uhgn eklu}v~e}inqni hu `lm`eh}nm f }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg `lmnl}h}`klu, ^un H $ha}nv) kv F $fnakvn)hu akv }dn G hlm E ekgghlmu,

Lk}n3 Hmqhl}hbn 6N pvkq`mnu h Lk}nphm ~}`i`} }dh} in}u k~ ekp eklu}v~e}uavkg kln he}`kl m`hbvhg }k hlk}dnv, ]dn Lk}nphm `u h }ngpkvhv he}`kl m`hbvhg

}dh} unvqnu hu h rkvj hvnh rdnvn k~ ehl ekp hlm hppnlm eklu}v~e}u avkg }dne~vvnl} he}`kl m`hbvhg, _vnuu A84 }k }kbbin fn}rnnl }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg hlm }dnLk}nphm,

Mnin}`lb eklu}v~e}u”]k mnin}n h eklu}v~e} }pn M hbh`lu} }dn a`vu} i`ln ka }dneklu}v~e}, Pk~ ehl hiuk ~un h ph`v ka MM‐u }k mnin}n h fikej ka eklu}v~e}u h}}dn uhgn eklu}v~e} inqni,

Nm`}`lb }dn Nm`} Dkvun He}`kl M`hbvhg

@l }d`u }~}kv`hi k~ r`ii edhlbn }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl huakiikru, Pk~v kfcne}`qn `u }k `lunv} ikb`e }k qhi`mh}n }dh} h dkvun‐u Mh}n ka f`v}d `u

ih}nv }dhl }dh} ka fk}d `}u Mhg hlm U`vn: k}dnvr`un m`upih hl nvvkv gnuuhbn,

]k mk }d`u k~ r`ii hmm3

▯ ]rk ehun eklm`}`klu

▯ ]rk he}`klu

=―>6 ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

@lunv}`lb h Eklm`}`kl

@lunv} }dn a`vu} eklm`}`kl f }p`lb @E kl }dn i`ln udkr`lb }dn }dvnn ednqvklu$999) `l }dn v`bd} ghvb`l,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

@lunv}`lb h U`lbin He}`kl

Hl ngp} EHUN eklu}v~e} dhu fnnl `lunv}nm `l }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg, ]dn EHUNeklu}v~e} f `}unia kli upne`a`nu }dn eklm`}`kl hlm lk} }dn he}`kl }dh} `u }k fn

}hjnl `a }dn eklm`}`kl `u uh}`ua`nm, Pk~ r`ii lkr hmm }d`u he}`kl,

@l }d`u ehun k~ kli vnx~`vn h u`lbin he}`kl, Hu h vnu~i} }pn @H $@lunv} he}`kl),

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―>5

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

_vnuu Nl}nv }k `lunv} }dn lnr he}`kl,

Lk}n3 @a k~ rhl}nm gkvn }dhl kln he}`kl }k vnu~i} avkg }dn eklm`}`kl k~ek~im hmm gkvn he}`klu ~u`lb }dn @H kp}`kl vnpnh}nmi kv f `lunv}`lb h

unx~nlen eklu}v~e} ~u`lb }dn @U kp}`kl,

]dn ikb`e ka }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg akv }dn a`vu} qhi`mh}`kl `u lkr ekgpin}n,

Hmm`lb Hlk}dnv Eklm`}`kl f Ekp`lb

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii hmm h uneklm eklm`}`kl }k qhi`mh}n h dkvun‐u mh}n ka f`v}dr`}d vnupne} }k }dh} ka `}u U`vn, Pk~ ehl ~un }dn uhgn pvkenuu k~ ~unm `l }dnpvnq`k~u u}np kv k~ ehl ekp }dn a`vu} eklu}v~e}, @l }d`u ehun k~ r`ii ekp }dna`vu} eklu}v~e},

]pn H kl }dn i`ln hfkqn }dn ikeh}`kl rdnvn k~ rhl} }dn eklu}v~e} ekp`nm: }pnE lnt} }k }dn a`vu} i`ln ka }dn eklu}v~e} k~ rhl} }k ekp,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

=―>= ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

Upne`a`lb Mn}h`iu ka Eklm`}`klu

Lkr }dh} fk}d ehun eklm`}`klu dhqn fnnl hmmnm k~ hvn vnhm }k upne`a }dnmn}h`iu ka }dn eklm`}`klu hlm he}`klu, @l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii upne`a }dn mn}h`iu ka

}dn eklm`}`kl3 @u }dn mhg‐u mh}n ka f`v}d bvnh}nv }dhl kv nx~hi }k }dh} ka }dn dkvun,Pk~ r`ii upne`a }dn he}`kl }k unlm hl nvvkv gnuuhbn ih}nv,

A`vu} k~ r`ii upne`a }dn ekl}vkii`lb eklm`}`kl akv }dn a`vu} ((( ^lmn}nvg`lnmhe}`kl, ]pn A hbh`lu} }dn a`vu} eklm`}`kl hu udkrl }k nm`} }dh} i`ln ka }dn he}`klm`hbvhg,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} He}`kl ' Eklm`}`kl r`lmkr,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―>>

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

]dn Nm`} He}`kl Eklm`}`kl R`lmkr

]dn Nm`} He}`kl ' Eklm`}`kl r`lmkr in}u k~ nl}nv }dn }nvgu ka }dn eklm`}`kl}dh} k~ vnx~`vn, ]pn }dn lhgn ka }dn a`nim }k fn nqhi~h}nm hlm n`}dnv }dn

eklm`}`kl `} g~u} uh}`ua kv }dn lhgn ka hlk}dnv a`nim }k ekgphvn `} }k,

@a k~ }pn ; `l hl a`nim kl }d`u phlni k}dnv }dhl }dn Ekgphv`ukl a`nimHmqhl}hbn 6N m`upihu h i`u} ka pkuu`fin qhi~nu,

Ekl}nt}u

R`}d`l h a~le}`kl }dnvn hvn unqnvhi pkuu`fin uk~venu akv h a`nim‐u qhi~n: akvnthgpin h a`nim gh fn ak~lm kl }dn phlni m`upih `l h mh}hfhun a`in kv hu hlnl}v phvhgn}nv, Hl Hmqhl}hbn 6N ekl}nt} upne`a`nu rd`ed uk~ven ka h phv}`e~ihva`nim }k ~un, M`aanvnl} ekl}nt}u hvn hqh`ihfin h} m`aanvnl} pk`l}u `l h a~le}`kl‐u

he}`kl m`hbvhg,

H ekl}nt} `u `mnl}`a`nm f h }dvnn'edhvhe}nv glngkl`e: akv nthgpin E]I ' u~fa`inekl}vki VEM ' u~fa`in vnekvm EKL ' eklu}hl} mh}h hlm _HV ' nl}v phvhgn}nv,]d`u glngkl`e `u pvna`tnm }k nhed a`nim ~unm `l hl he}`kl m`hbvhg }k udkr }dnuk~ven ka }dn a`nim, Akv nthgpin VEM,Mh}n ka f`v}d gnhlu }dh} }dn qhi~n ka }dnMh}n ka f`v}d a`nim m`upihnm `l }dn u~fa`in vnekvm `u }k fn ~unm `l }dn he}`klm`hbvhg,

Rdnl k~ nl}nv ; }k q`nr h i`u} ka pkuu`fin ekl}nt}u }dn gku} unlu`fin ekl}nt}hppnhvu h} }dn }kp ka }dn unine}`kl i`u},

Hmm`lb Mn}h`iu ka }dn A`vu} Eklm`}`kl

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii }nu} }dh} h dkvun `u k~lbnv }dhl `}u mhg: `l k}dnv rkvmuk~ r`ii }nu} rdn}dnv }dn Mhg Mh}n ka f`v}d `u bvnh}nv }dhl kv nx~hi }k }dn dkvun‐uMh}n ka f`v}d, U`len mh}nu ka a`nim }pn M]% hvn u}kvnm hu hl hipdhl~gnv`e PPPP'GG'MM k~ ehl mk h m`vne} ekgphv`ukl ka }dnun mh}nu,

]k ntpvnuu }dn eklm`}`kl k~ r`ii ~un }dn BN $bvnh}nv }dhl kv nx~hi) ekgphv`uklkpnvh}kv, ]dn fhu`e x~nu}`kl }dh} lnnmu }k fn hujnm `u3

@u Mhg Mh}n ka f`v}d BN Mh}n ka f`v}d;

@a }d`u eklm`}`kl `u }v~n m`upih hl nvvkv gnuuhbn: `a }dn eklm`}`kl `u ahiunekl}`l~n }k }dn lnt} he}`kl,

Lk}n }dh} rdnl k~ hmm }d`u eklm`}`kl }k }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg akv Nm`} Dkvun }dnekl}nt} akv fk}d a`nimu `l }dn ekgphv`ukl r`ii fn VEM u`len }dn hvn fk}d avkg}dn u~fa`in vnekvm,

=―>1 ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

]pn }dn mn}h`iu ka }dn ekgphv`ukl hu udkrl: lhgni }pn VEM hlm Mhg Mh}nka f`v}d akv }dn a`vu} ekl}nt} hlm a`nim ka }dn eklm`}`kl fihlj }dn Eklm`}`kl a`nimhlm }pn VEM hlm Mh}n ka f`v}d akv }dn uneklm ekl}nt} hlm a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vn}~vl }k }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg,

Hmm`lb }dn Uneklm Eklm`}`kl

Lk}`en }dh} }dn }nu} akv }dn eklm`}`kl dhu fnnl ~pmh}nm, Pk~ hvn lkr vnhm }knm`} }dn uneklm eklm`}`kl, ]k nm`} }dn uneklm eklm`}`kl }pn A hbh`lu} ((( Lnreklm`}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―>2

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

Hmm`lb Mn}h`iu ka }dn Uneklm Eklm`}`kl

]dn uneklm eklm`}`kl `u u`g`ihv }k }dn a`vu}, @l }d`u ehun k~ lnnm }k ekgphvn U`vnMh}n ka f`v}d }k Mh}n ka f`v}d, Hbh`l fk}d a`nimu dhqn }dn VEM ekl}nt} u`len }dn

hvn avkg }dn u~fa`in vnekvm,

]pn }dn ekgphv`ukl mn}h`iu hu udkrl: lhgni }pn VEM hlm U`vn Mh}n ka f`v}dakv }dn a`vu} ekl}nt} hlm a`nim ka }dn eklm`}`kl fihlj }dn Eklm`}`kl a`nim hlm }pnVEM hlm Mh}n ka f`v}d akv }dn uneklm ekl}nt} hlm a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Hmm`lb He}`klu

@l }dn akiikr`lb u}npu k~ r`ii hmm }rk he}`klu }k m`upih hl nvvkv gnuuhbn h} }dnfk}}kg ka }dn phlni rdnl n`}dnv ka }dn }rk eklm`}`klu k~ c~u} mna`lnm `u }v~n,]d`u vnx~`vnu }dh} k~3

8, Mna`ln }rk gnuuhbn a~le}`klu

6, Mna`ln phvhgn}nvu akv }dn gnuuhbn a~le}`klu

5, Edhlbn }dn }nt} ka }dn nvvkv gnuuhbnu }k lei~mn }dn mh}nu }dh} eh~unm }dnnvvkv ~u`lb u~fu}`}~}`kl qhv`hfinu

=, Unine} }dn gnuuhbn a~le}`klu hu }dn he}`klu r }d`l }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg

=―>4 ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

=―1? ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

Gnuuhbn A~le}`klu

Hii gnuuhbn a~le}`klu akv Hmqhl}hbn 6N pvkbvhgu hvn u}kvnm `l h uu}ng a`inehiinm #Gnuuhbnu, Fnb`l f pku`}`kl`lb }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni }k }d`u

a`in, ]k mk uk }pn #G kl }dn unine}`kl i`ln,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]pn A hbh`lu} kln ka }dn vnih}`klu akv }dn #Gnuuhbnu a`in }k m`upih }dn nt`u}`lbgnuuhbn a~le}`klu h}}hednm }k }d`u a`in,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―18

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

M`upih`lb }dn Gnuuhbn A~le}`klu

]dn Nm`} Gnuuhbn A~le}`klu phlni m`upihu h i`u} ka }dn gnuuhbn a~le}`kluhqh`ihfin kl }dn a`in #Gnuuhbnu, H l~gfnv ka bnlnvhi p~vpkun gnuuhbnu hvn

u~ppi`nm r`}d Hmqhl}hbn 6N, ]dn }pnu ka gnuuhbnu hqh`ihfin `lei~mn NVV$Nvvkv gnuuhbn) @LA $@lakvgh}`kl gnuuhbn) NTE $Ntne~}`kl gnuuhbn) hlm U]U$U}h}~u gnuuhbn), Pk~ ehl uevkii }dvk~bd }dn gnuuhbnu f pvnuu`lb Vkii ^p hlmVkii Mkrl,

Pk~ ehl unine} kln ka }dn gnuuhbnu m`upihnm kv k~ ehl evnh}n k~v krl, ]kunlm hl ntpi`e`} gnuuhbn hfk~} h dkvun k~ r`ii lnnm }k evnh}n h lnr gnuuhbn,

Hmm`lb h Lnr Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl

_vnuu A0 }k hmm h lnr gnuuhbn a~le}`kl }dh} r`ii fn ntne~}nm `a Mhg Mh}n kaf`v}d `u bvnh}nv }dhl kv nx~hi }k Mh}n ka f`v}d,

Lhgn }dn gnuuhbn a~le}`kl Mhg k~lbnv }dhl dkvun, ]d`u `u }k fn hl nvvkvgnuuhbn uk }dn }pn r`ii fn NVV, ]pn }dn gnuuhbn lhgn,

=―16 ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

_vnuu Nl}nv, ]dn lnr gnuuhbn a~le}`kl `u hmmnm }k }dn #Gnuuhbnu a`in,

Lk}n3 Pk~ ek~im hiuk hmm }dn gnuuhbn a~le}`kl }k fn ntne~}nm rdnl U`vn Mh}n kaf`v}d `u bvnh}nv }dhl kv nx~hi }k Mh}n ka f`v}d lkr, @lu}nhm k~ r`ii ~un hlk}dnvgn}dkm akv evnh}`lb gnuuhbn a~le}`klu }k hmm }dn uneklm gnuuhbn a~le}`kl ih}nv`l }d`u }~}kv`hi,

Mna`l`lb _hvhgn}nvu

_hvhgn}nvu mna`ln }dn qhi~nu }k fn ekgg~l`eh}nm fn}rnnl a~le}`klu h} ntne~}`kl}`gn, Dkr h phvhgn}nv `u ~unm `l }dn ehiinm a~le}`kl r`ii mnpnlm kl }dn }pn ka

}dn ehiinm a~le}`kl }dn pvkenuu`lb upne`a`nm akv }dh} a~le}`kl kv fk}d,

]dn lnt} u}np `u }k mna`ln }dn phvhgn}nvu }dh} r`ii fn phuunm }k }dn gnuuhbna~le}`kl f }dn ehii`lb pvkbvhg Nm`} Dkvun, ]dn kfcne}`qn `u }k `lei~mn }dn mh}nu}dh} eh~unm }dn nvvkv `l }dn }nt} ka }dn nvvkv gnuuhbn,

Upne`a`lb h a`nim hu h phvhgn}nv }k h gnuuhbn mknu }rk }d`lbu,

A`vu} `} ghjnu }dn a`nim hqh`ihfin akv ~un hu h u~fu}`}~}`kl qhv`hfin `l }dn gnuuhbn,@l }d`u ehun }dn nvvkv gnuuhbn }nt} r`ii `lei~mn }dn e~vvnl} qhi~nu akv Mhg Mh}nka f`v}d hlm Mh}n ka f`v}d,

Uneklm akv `lp~}'ehphfin a`nimu }dn a`nim r`ii fn d`bdi`bd}nm `l vnqnvun `ghbn kl}dn phlni `a }dn nvvkv kee~vu, @l }d`u ehun }dn Mh}n ka f`v}d a`nim rk~im fnd`bdi`bd}nm,

]pn _ hbh`lu} }dn gnuuhbn a~le}`kl hu udkrl }k mna`ln `}u phvhgn}nvu,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―15

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu phlni,

Upne`a`lb _hvhgn}nvu akv }dn A`vu} Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl

Pk~ hvn lkr vnhm }k upne`a }dn gnuuhbn phvhgn}nvu, ]dnvn hvn }rk rhu kaupne`a`lb a~le}`kl phvhgn}nvu, ]dn u`gpinu} `u }k lhgn }dn `lm`q`m~hi a`nimu }dh}hvn }k fn phuunm hu phvhgn}nvu $#A@NIM), @l }d`u ehun k~ r`ii mna`ln }rk a`nimuhu phvhgn}nvu3 Mh}n ka f`v}d hlm Mhg Mh}n ka f`v}d,

Lk}n3 ]dn a`nimu kl }d`u phlni r`ii fn m`ue~uunm `l gkvn mn}h`i `l }dn A~le}`kl_hvhgn}nvu }kp`e ih}nv `l }d`u edhp}nv,

]pn }dn gnuuhbn a~le}`kl phvhgn}nvu,

=―1= ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

_vnuu Nl}nv, Pk~v unine}`kl ka `lp~} a~le}`kl phvhgn}nvu `u lkr ekla`vgnm,

Lk}n3 Pk~ ehl q`nr }dn mn}h`iu ka phvhgn}nv ~uhbn f }p`lb S hbh`lu} hphvhgn}nv hlm pvnuu`lb Nl}nv, F mnah~i} }dn phvhgn}nv ~uhbn r`ii fn `lp~}, @a

k~ m`upih }dn mn}h`iu fn u~vn }k pvnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl_hvhgn}nvu phlni fnakvn k~ ekl}`l~n r`}d }dn }~}kv`hi,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gnuuhbn A~le}`klu phlni,

Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu

Klen }dn phvhgn}nvu dhqn fnnl mna`lnm k~ ehl m`upih }dn gnuuhbn a~le}`klmn}h`iu, ]pn S lnt} }k }dn gnuuhbn a~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu phlni, ]d`u phlnim`upihu mn}h`iu akv }dn a~le}`kl `lei~m`lb }dn phvhgn}nvu k~ c~u} mna`lnm, H}}d`u pk`l} k~ gh edhlbn }dn gnuuhbn }nt} rd`ed dhu fnnl mnah~i}nm }k }dnlhgn ka }dn gnuuhbn a~le}`kl,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―1>

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

Hmm`lb ]nt} }k }dn A`vu} Gnuuhbn

Pk~ r`ii ~un }dn }rk phvhgn}nvu k~ c~u} mna`lnm hu u~fu}`}~}`kl qhv`hfinu r`}d`l}dn gnuuhbn }nt}, U~fu}`}~}`kl qhv`hfinu hvn `lm`eh}nm f }dn ugfki ’!l‗ rdnvn

—l‐ `u }dn l~gfnv ka }dn phvhgn}nv, Lk}n }dn l~gfnvu huu`blnm }k }dn }rkphvhgn}nvu `l }dn Lk, eki~gl,

Hmm }dn }nt} ’$!8 fnakvn !6)‗ }k `lm`eh}n }dh} }dn mh}n ka f`v}d ka }dn dkvun `upv`kv kv nx~hi }k }dn mh}n ka f`v}d ka }dn mhg,

Rdnl }dn gnuuhbn hppnhvu kl }dn phlni }dn qhi~n ekl}h`lnm `l }dh} a`nim r`ii fnu~fu}`}~}nm `l }dn gnuuhbn }nt}, Akv nthgpin }dn vnu~i}`lb gnuuhbn g`bd} vnhm3’Mhg k~lbnv }dhl dkvun $8?84> fnakvn 8860=),‗ U~fu}`}~}`kl qhv`hfinu dnip }dnnlm ~unv ~lmnvu}hlm rd`ed a`nimu hvn `l nvvkv,

]pn }dn lnr }nt} ekl}h`l`lb }dn u~fu}`}~}`kl qhv`hfinu ’$!8 fnakvn !6)‗ ha}nv

}dn mnah~i} gnuuhbn }nt},

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gnuuhbn A~le}`klu phlni,

Vn}~vl`lb }k }dn Nm`} Dkvun He}`kl M`hbvhg

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii `lunv} }dn he}`kl k~ c~u} mna`lnm `l}k }dn Nm`} Dkvun he}`kl

m`hbvhg hlm mna`ln hlk}dnv gnuuhbn a~le}`kl hu }dn he}`kl rdnl }dn dkvun‐u mh}nka f`v}d `u nhvi`nv }dhl `}u u`vn‐u mh}n ka f`v}d, ]d`u }`gn k~ r`ii mna`ln }dngnuuhbn a~le}`kl avkg r`}d`l }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni, Rdnl }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhunVnih}`klu phlni m`upihu }pn Dkvun# kl }dn unine}`kl i`ln hlm pvnuu Nl}nv }km`upih vnih}`klu akv }dn DKVUN a`in,

=―11 ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

]pn A hbh`lu} kln ka }dn vnih}`klu hlm pvnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih a~le}`klu akv }dnDKVUN a`in, ]pn A hbh`lu} }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} Dkvun he}`kl m`hbvhg,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―12

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

M`upih`lb ^unv _k`l}u akv Nm`} Dkvun

Vnehii }dh} k~ hmmnm }dn }rk eklm`}`klu hlm he}`klu h} }dn ~unv pk`l} ^UNV3Qhi`mh}n u~fa`in vnekvm vnih}`klu, ]k vn}~vl }k }dh} ~unv pk`l} x~`eji pvnuu A> }km`upih h i`u} ka hii ~unv pk`l}u akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl, @a k~ r`ud k~ ehlpvnuu Vkii ^p }k q`nr }dn hmm`}`klhi ~unv pk`l}u,

]pn T $kv S) hbh`lu} ^UNV3 Qhi`mh}n u~fa`in vnekvm vnih}`klu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

=―14 ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

Gnuuhbn A~le}`klu

Fneh~un k~ rhl} }k unlm }dn ~unv'mna`lnm gnuuhbn k~ c~u} mna`lnm }pn #Gnuuhbnu akv }dn A~le}`kl a`in hu udkrl hlm inhqn }dn ; `l }dn A~le}`kl a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

M`upih`lb }dn Gnuuhbn A~le}`klu

]dn Nm`} Gnuuhbn A~le}`klu phlni m`upihu h i`u} ka }dn gnuuhbn a~le}`kluhqh`ihfin kl }dn a`in #Gnuuhbnu, ]pn M `l }dn pku`}`klnv a`nim h} }dn }kp ka }dnphlni hu udkrl }k pku`}`kl }k }dn Mhg k~lbnv }dhl dkvun gnuuhbn a~le}`kl k~

 c~u} mna`lnm,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

=―2? ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

Unine}`lb h Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl

]pn T hbh`lu} }dn gnuuhbn Mhg k~lbnv }dhl dkvun hu udkrl }k unine} `} hu }dnhe}`kl `l }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn Nm`} He}`kl ' A~le}`kl Lhgn r`lmkr vnm`upihu r`}d }dn A~le}`kl a`nimekl}h`l`lb }dn lhgn ka }dn Mhg k~lbnv }dhl dkvun gnuuhbn a~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―28

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu akv }dn A`vu} He}`kl

]dn mn}h`iu ka }dn a~le}`kl `lei~m`lb }dn phvhgn}nvu rd`ed hvn }k fn phuunm }k}dn gnuuhbn a~le}`kl hvn m`upihnm, Ednej }dh} }dn `lakvgh}`kl udkrl `u ekvvne},

_vnuu Nl}nv }k heenp} }dn `lakvgh}`kl udkrl hlm }k vn}~vl }k }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg,

He}`kl M`hbvhg r`}d }dn A`vu} He}`kl Mna`lnm

]dn he}`kl m`hbvhg lkr `lei~mnu h ehii }k }dn Mhg k~lbnv }dhl dkvun gnuuhbna~le}`kl, @l k}dnv rkvmu ’Unlm nvvkv gnuuhbn ' —Mhg k~lbnv }dhl dkvun‐‗ dhu

vnpihenm }dn a`vu} ((( ^lmn}nvg`lnm he}`kl,

Mna`l`lb }dn Uneklm He}`kl

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii mna`ln }dn gnuuhbn a~le}`kl }k fn ehiinm rdnl }dn u`vn `uk~lbnv }dhl }dn dkvun, ]dn nl}`vn pvkenuu r`ii }hjn pihen r`}d`l }dn he}`klm`hbvhg, Lk}n }dh} k~ ek~im dhqn mna`lnm fk}d gnuuhbn a~le}`klu `l }d`u rh,

]pn A hbh`lu} }dn uneklm ((( ^lmn}nvg`lnm he}`kl,

=―26 ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

_vnuu Nl}nv, H fihlj Nm`} He}`kl ' A~le}`kl Lhgn r`lmkr m`upihu hu fnakvn,]pn #Gnuuhbnu akv }dn A~le}`kl a`in a`nim hu udkrl, Inhqn }dn ; `l }dn A~le}`kllhgn a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―25

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

Hmm`lb }dn Uneklm Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl

Hii gnuuhbn a~le}`klu h}}hednm }k }dn #Gnuuhbnu a`in hvn m`upihnm, Pk~ r`ii lkrevnh}n h lnr gnuuhbn a~le}`kl }k fn ntne~}nm `a U`vn Mh}n ka f`v}d `u bvnh}nv }dhl

kv nx~hi }k Mh}n ka f`v}d hu k~ m`m akv }dn a`vu} gnuuhbn a~le}`kl,

_vnuu A0 }k hmm }dn lnr gnuuhbn,

Mn}h`iu ka }dn Uneklm Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl

]k mna`ln }dn uneklm gnuuhbn a~le}`kl k~ lnnm }k upne`a h a~le}`kl lhgn hlm

h a~le}`kl }pn hu k~ m`m akv }dn a`vu} gnuuhbn a~le}`kl, Lhgn }dn gnuuhbna~le}`kl U`vn k~lbnv }dhl dkvun, ]dn }pn r`ii fn NVV, ]pn }dn gnuuhbn lhgnhlm }pn,

=―2= ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn uneklm gnuuhbn a~le}`kl dhu lkr fnnl hmmnm }k }dn #Gnuuhbnu a`in,

Mna`l`lb _hvhgn}nvu akv }dn Uneklm Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl

_hvhgn}nvu mna`ln }dn qhi~nu }k fn ekgg~l`eh}nm fn}rnnl a~le}`klu h} ntne~}`kl}`gn, Hu fnakvn }dn kfcne}`qn `u }k `lei~mn }dn mh}n }dh} eh~unm }dn nvvkv `l }dn}nt} ka }dn nvvkv gnuuhbn,

Mna`ln }dn phvhgn}nvu akv }dn uneklm gnuuhbn a~le}`kl `l }dn uhgn rh hu k~m`m akv }dn a`vu} gnuuhbn a~le}`kl, ]pn _ lnt} }k }dn gnuuhbn a~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu phlni, ]pn }dn gnuuhbna~le}`kl phvhgn}nvu hu udkrl,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―2>

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

_vnuu Nl}nv }k ekla`vg, _vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gnuuhbn A~le}`klu phlni,

Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu

]pn S hbh`lu} }dn uneklm gnuuhbn a~le}`kl hu udkrl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

=―21 ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

Hmm`lb Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl ]nt}

]pn }dn lnr }nt} ekl}h`l`lb }dn u~fu}`}~}`kl qhv`hfinu ’$!8 fnakvn !6)‗ ha}nv}dn mnah~i} gnuuhbn }nt} hu udkrl,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gnuuhbn A~le}`klu phlni, Fk}d vnx~`vnm gnuuhbna~le}`klu hvn lkr ekgpin}ni mna`lnm,

Unine}`lb }dn Uneklm Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl

Pk~ ehl lkr unine} }dn gnuuhbn a~le}`kl }k fn ntne~}nm rdnl }dn uneklm

eklm`}`kl `u uh}`ua`nm, ]pn T }k unine} }dn gnuuhbn a~le}`kl akv }dn he}`klm`hbvhg,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―22

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

Vn}~vl`lb }k }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg

Pk~ r`ii pvnuu Nl}nv }dvnn }`gnu }k vn}~vl }k }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg Nm`}kv huakiikru3

8, _vnuu Nl}nv }dn a`vu} }`gn }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} He}`kl ' A~le}`kl Lhgnr`lmkr udkr`lb }dn lhgn ka }dn lnr gnuuhbn a~le}`kl,

6, _vnuu Nl}nv h uneklm }`gn }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} He}`kl ' A~le}`kl Mn}h`iur`lmkr udkr`lb }dn a~le}`kl phvhgn}nvu, H gnuuhbn h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dnr`lmkr `lm`eh}nu }dh} ukgn phvhgn}nvu dhqn fnnl mnah~i}nm, Lk}n }dh} }dnmnah~i} ekl}nt} akv }dn phvhgn}nvu `u VEM $u~fa`in vnekvm),

5, _vnuu Nl}nv }dn }d`vm }`gn }k heenp} }dn mnah~i}nm phvhgn}nvu hlm vn}~vl }k}dn He}`kl M`hbvhg Nm`}kv,

Ekgpin}nm He}`kl M`hbvhg

]dn ^UNV3 Qhi`mh}n u~fa`in vnekvm vnih}`klu eklu}v~e} `u lkr ekgpin}n,

=―24 ]~}kv`hi

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He}`kl M`hbvhgu

Nt`}`lb }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg

_vnuu A85 $Ahu} nt`}) }k Nt`} }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg Nm`}kv hlm m`upih }dn Nt`}A~le}`kl Mna`l`}`kl phlni, Heenp} }dn mnah~i}u kl }d`u phlni }k uhqn hii edhlbnu

k~ ghmn }k }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} A~le}`klu phlni,

]dn gnuuhbn ’A~le}`kl —Nm`} Dkvun dhu fnnl uhqnm‗ m`upihu h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dnphlni,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―20

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A~le}`kl Kp}`klu

A~le}`kl Kp}`klu

]d`u }kp`e m`ue~uunu dkr }k edhlbn }dn a~le}`kl kp}`klu akv h a~le}`kl,

Lnr }nvg `l}vkm~enm3

▯ A~le}`kl Kp}`kl

Lnr phlni l}vkm~enm3

▯ Nm`} A~le}`kl Kp}`klu

Kfcne}`qnu

@l }d`u }kp`e k~ r`ii vngkqn }dn ehphf`i`} }k mnin}n vnekvmu avkg }dn Nm`} Dkvuna~le}`kl hlm edhlbn }dn mnah~i} ekla`vg pvkgp} }k P,

Heenuu`lb }dn A~le}`kl Kp}`klu _hlni

Avkg }dn Nm`} A~le}`klu phlni }pn S hbh`lu} }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu phlni,

=―4? ]~}kv`hi

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I`lj`lb A~le}`klu

I`lj`lb A~le}`klu

]d`u }kp`e udkru dkr }k ~un Hmqhl}hbn 6N }k i`lj }rk a~le}`klu }kbn}dnv }kf~`im h ihvbnv a~le}`kl, @l }dn ek~vun ka mk`lb }d`u k~ r`ii mna`ln }dn uneklma~le}`kl hlm hl heenuu ph}d ~pkl rd`ed `} `u fhunm,

Lnr }nvgu `l}vkm~enm3

▯ F~`i}'`l a~le}`kl

▯ #GKQN a~le}`kl

Lnr phlniu l}vkm~enm3

▯ He}`kl M`hbvhg ^unv _k`l}u

▯ Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Akvgh} Nl}v`nu

Kfcne}`qnu

Gkm`a }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl }k b`qn `} h U~fa`in unine}kv kp}`kl, ]dn lnrahe`i`} udk~im in} }dn ~unv skkg hbh`lu} }dn mn}h`i i`ln akv h phv}`e~ihv dkvun kl}dn Nm`} Dkvun phlni `l kvmnv }k q`nr h u~fu`m`hv m`upih ka }dn vhenu `l rd`ed}dn dkvun dhu vhenm,

]k hed`nqn }d`u k~ r`ii mna`ln h lnr a~le}`kl M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u, ]dn lnra~le}`kl r`ii m`upih `lakvgh}`kl avkg }dn VHEN NL]VP a`in akv }dn dkvununine}nm, Pk~ hiuk lnnm }k gkm`a }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg ka }dn nt`u}`lb Nm`} Dkvuna~le}`kl }k ehii }dn lnr a~le}`kl, Lk}n }dh} Hmqhl}hbn 6N in}u k~ mna`ln }dn

lnr a~le}`kl rd`in k~ hvn `l }dn pvkenuu ka gkm`a`lb }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg ka }dnnt`u}`lb a~le}`kl,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―45

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I`lj`lb A~le}`klu

Kf}h`l`lb }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg ^unv _k`l}u

_vnuu A> }k q`nr }dn i`u} ka ~unv pk`l}u akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl,

]pn T hbh`lu} UNV3 Qhi`mh}n u~fa`in vnekvm vnih}`klu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Hmm`lb h Lnr EHUN Eklu}v~e}

@lunv} h eklm`}`kl `l }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg }dh} mna`lnu rdnl }dn M`upih Vhe`lb

vnu~i}u a~le}`kl `u }k fn ehiinm, Pk~ ehl `lunv} }dn lnr eklm`}`kl ha}nv }dnqhi`mh}`kl eklm`}`klu k~ hmmnm `l }dn pvnq`k~u }kp`e,

=―41 ]~}kv`hi

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I`lj`lb A~le}`klu

Nl}nv`lb }dn Eklm`}`kl Mn}h`iu

]dn #UAIUNI a`nim `u `l }dn u~fa`in vnekvm: hu h vnu~i} `}u ekl}nt} `u VEM, Pk~ r`iiupne`a }dn ekl}nt} hlm }dn a`nim lhgn hlm inhqn }dn ; `l }dn Eklm`}`kl a`nim }k

m`upih h i`u} ka eklm`}`klu hqh`ihfin akv }dn a`nim,

]pn }dn ekl}nt} VEM a`nim lhgn #UAIUNI hlm ; akv }dn eklm`}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Unine}`lb }dn Skkg%8 Eklm`}`kl

]dn Nm`} A`nim Eklm`}`klu phlni udkru }dn nt`u}`lb eklm`}`klu akv }dn #UAIUNIa`nim, Pk~ gh unine} hl nt`u}`lb eklm`}`kl kv evnh}n h lnr kln,

]pn T hbh`lu} }dn #Skkg%8 eklm`}`kl,

=―44 ]~}kv`hi

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I`lj`lb A~le}`klu

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} He}`kl ' Eklm`}`kl hlm lk}n }dh} Skkg%8 dhufnnl `lunv}nm `l }dn Eklm`}`kl a`nim, _vnuu Nl}nv hbh`l }k vn}~vl }k }dn He}`klM`hbvhg Nm`}kv,

Upne`a`lb h A~le}`kl hu }dn He}`kl

Pk~ dhqn lkr a`l`udnm mna`l`lb }dn eklm`}`kl, Lnt} k~ r`ii upne`a h a~le}`kl}k fn ehiinm hu }dn he}`kl rdnl }dn eklm`}`kl `u }v~n,

]pn @HA,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} He}`kl ' A~le}`kl Lhgn r`lmkr,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―40

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I`lj`lb A~le}`klu

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Unine}`lb hl Heenuu _h}d

Fneh~un k~ }pnm ; `l }dn heenuu ph}d a`nim Hmqhl}hbn 6N m`upihu }dn Nm`} A`inMn}h`iu phlni, Pk~ ehl n`}dnv unine} kln ka }dn nt`u}`lb heenuu ph}du m`upihnm kvevnh}n h lnr kln, @l }d`u ehun k~ r`ii evnh}n h lnr heenuu ph}d,

Evnh}`lb h Lnr Heenuu _h}d

]dn nt`u}`lb V]Q hlm ^_M heenuu ph}du akv VHEN NL]VP r`ii fn jnnmheekvm`lb }k }dn jn vnih}`klu akv }dn VHEN NL]VP a`in hu akiikru,

8, Ek~vun ekmn

6, Vhen mh}n

5, Vhen }`gn

=, Nl}v l~gfnv

Fneh~un k~ rhl} }k unn dkvun vhe`lb vnu~i}u `l dkvun kvmnv k~ lnnm }k upne`a hlnr heenuu ph}d, Ehii `} Vhenu akv h Dkvun, ^un h Vnunx~nlen heenuu ph}d $VUX) }kupne`a hl hi}nvlh}`qn jn kvmnv,

]pn S `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv a`nim VUX akv }dn heenuu ph}d }pn hlm Vhenu akv hDkvun akv }dn heenuu ph}d lhgn,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―08

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I`lj`lb A~le}`klu

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu phlni `u m`upihnm, ]pn S hbh`lu} }dn akvgh},

_vnuu Nl}nv,

=―06 ]~}kv`hi

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I`lj`lb A~le}`klu

Upne`a`lb }dn Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu

Kl }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Akvgh} Nl}v`nu phlni k~ r`ii upne`a }dn lnr jn kvmnvakv }dn VUX heenuu ph}d, @l`}`hii }dn jnu mnah~i} }k fn }dn uhgn hu akv }dn V]Q

}pn heenuu ph}d, Vngngfnv k~ ehllk} edhlbn }dn jnu akv h V]Q heenuu ph}d,

Mna`l`lb }dn Heenuu _h}d Jn

]dn kfcne}`qn akv }dn vnu~i}`lb hppi`eh}`kl `u }k b`qn }dn nlm ~unv }dn ehphf`i`} }kq`nr vhen vnu~i}u akv h unine}nm dkvun, ]dn vnekggnlmnm kvmnv f rd`ed }kvn}v`nqn }dn VHEN NL]VP a`in `u f Dkvun ekmn Vhen mh}n hlm Vhen }`gn r`}d}dn gku} vnenl} vhenu vn}v`nqnm a`vu}, Upne`a h jn ka Dkvun ekmn akiikrnm fVhen mh}n $mnuenlm`lb kvmnv) hlm Vhen }`gn $mnuenlm`lb kvmnv), Fnakvn k~edhlbn }dn kvmnv einhv }dn l~gfnvu avkg }dn kv`b`lhi jn kvmnv,

]pn }dn mn}h`iu hu udkrl, @l k}dnv rkvmu fihlj }dn Jn lk, a`nim akv Ek~vunekmn hlm Nl}v l~gfnv: }pn 6 5 8 `l }dn Jn lk, a`nim akv Vhen mh}n Vhen }`gnhlm Dkvun ekmn vnupne}`qni: hlm }pn M $mnuenlm`lb kvmnv) `l }dn Mue eki~glakv Vhen mh}n hlm Vhen }`gn,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k ekla`vg }dn jnu, _vnuu A85 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu phlni,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―05

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A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

Unine}`lb }dn Heenuu _h}d

Lkr unine} }dn lnr heenuu ph}d akv ~un `l }dn M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u a~le}`kl,]pn T }k unine} }dn Vhenu akv h Dkvun VUX heenuu ph}d,

_vnuu Nl}nv, ]dn gnuuhbn ’A~le}`kl —M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u‐ `u fn`lb evnh}nm‗hppnhvu h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn phlni, Rdnl }dn a~le}`kl `u evnh}nm Hmqhl}hbn 6Nvn}~vlu }k }dn Nm`} A~le}`klu phlni rd`ed lkr `lei~mnu }dn M`upih Vhe`lbvnu~i}u a~le}`kl,

A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvuA~le}`kl phvhgn}nvu upne`a rd`ed a`nimu ehl fn phuunm fn}rnnl }dn ehii`lb hlm}dn ehiinm a~le}`klu, Nhed ehii ehl phuu m`aanvnl} qhi~nu `l }dnun a`nimu,

Lnr }nvgu `l}vkm~enm3

▯ A~le}`kl phvhgn}nv

▯ _hvhgn}nv ~uhbn

▯ _hvhgn}nv vkin

▯ Vnu}v`e}kv phvhgn}nv

Lnr phlniu l}vkm~enm3

▯ Nm`} A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nv Mn}h`iu

▯ Rkvj r`}d Edk`enu

▯ Rkvj r`}d He}`klu ka h Edk`en

=―0= ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

▯ Nm`} He}`kl

▯ Rkvj r`}d He}`klu ka h Edk`en

Kfcne}`qnu

@l }d`u }kp`e k~ r`ii upne`a }dn phvhgn}nvu }dh} r`ii fn phuunm avkg }dn Nm`}Dkvun a~le}`kl }k }dn M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u a~le}`kl `l kvmnv }k q`nr vhenu akv hphv}`e~ihv dkvun,

^lmnvu}hlm`lb _hvhgn}nv ^uhbn hlm Vkin

Pk~ lnnm }k huu`bl h ~uhbn hlm vkin akv nhed phvhgn}nv }k m`vne} }dn ehii`lb hlmehiinm a~le}`klu }k ~un }dn phvhgn}nv `l h phv}`e~ihv rh,

_hvhgn}nv uhbn”H phvhgn}nv‐u ~uhbn mn}nvg`lnu dkr }dn phvhgn}nv `u }k fnvnen`qnm avkg kv vn}~vlnm }k }dn ehii`lb a~le}`kl, ]dn ak~v pkuu`fin ~uhbnuhvn @lp~} kli K~}p~} kli Fk}d hlm Ln`}dnv, @l }d`u }~}kv`hi k~ r`ii ~unkli }dn a`vu} }rk ~uhbnu3

@lp~} kli”H qhi~n akv }dn phvhgn}nv `u phuunm }k }dn ehiinm a~le}`kl, ]dnehiinm a~le}`kl vn}~vlu }dn qhi~n }k }dn ehii`lb a~le}`kl r`}dk~} edhlb`lb`},

K~}p~} kli”]dn ehiinm a~le}`kl vn}~vlu h qhi~n akv }dn phvhgn}nv }k }dnehii`lb a~le}`kl rdnl }dn ehiinm a~le}`kl nlmu,

_hvhgn}nv Vkin”]dn vkin ka h a~le}`kl phvhgn}nv upne`a`nu dkr }dn phvhgn}nvr`ii fn ~unm `l }dn ehiinm a~le}`kl, ]dn ak~v pkuu`fin vkinu hvn Ghp

Vnu}v`e}kv _ku`}`klnv hlm Qhv, @l }d`u }~}kv`hi k~ r`ii ~un kli }dnVnu}v`e}kv vkin,

]dn Vnu}v`e}kv vkin `u ~unm }k vnu}v`e} rd`ed vnekvmu avkg h mh}hfhun a`in r`ii fnm`upihnm edhlbnm kv pv`l}nm f }dn ehiinm a~le}`kl, H Vnu}v`e}kv phvhgn}nvg~u} fn h jn a`nim kl }dn heenuu ph}d }k rd`ed }dn ehiinm a~le}`kl h}}hednu, @a}dnvn hvn g~i}`pin jnu }dn phvhgn}nv unx~nlen g~u} gh}ed }dn jn unx~nlen,

Pk~ r`ii upne`a }dn Vnu}v`e}kv vkin akv }dn Dkvun ekmn phvhgn}nv }k vnu}v`e} }dnM`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u a~le}`kl }k udkr kli vhen nl}v`nu akv h phv}`e~ihv dkvun,@l k}dnv rkvmu }dn a~le}`kl ehl kli pvkenuu mh}hfhun vnekvmu rdkun jnugh}ed }dn Dkvun ekmn phvhgn}nv,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―0>

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A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

Mna`l`lb A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

]dn Nm`} A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu phlni in}u k~ upne`a phvhgn}nvu akv h a~le}`kl `lkln ka }rk rhu3

▯ Pk~ ehl upne`a `lm`q`m~hi a`nimu hu phvhgn}nvu f }p`lb }dn jnrkvm #A@NIM ~lmnv A`in+#A@NIM hlm }p`lb }dn a`nim lhgn ~lmnv Heenuuph}d+A`nim, @l }dn _huunm hu eki~gl }pn AIM }k `lm`eh}n }dh} nhed a`nim `uphuunm hu hl `lm`q`m~hi phvhgn}nv,

▯ Pk~ ehl upne`a h un} ka a`nimu avkg h a`in f }p`lb h a`in lhgn ~lmnvA`in+#A@NIM hlm }dn lhgn ka hl heenuu ph}d fhunm kl }dn a`in, @l }dn _huunmhu eki~gl }pn kln ka }dn akiikr`lb,

― VEM }k `lm`eh}n }dh} hii }dn a`nimu avkg }dn heenuu ph}d hvn }k fn phuunmhu h u`lbin phvhgn}nv,

― JNP }k `lm`eh}n }dh} kli }dn jn a`nimu avkg }dn heenuu ph}d hvn }k fn

phuunm hu h u`lbin phvhgn}nv,@l }d`u ehun k~ ehl skkg }k m`upih }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nv Mn}h`iuphlni }k unine} a`nimu avkg }dn upne`a`nm heenuu ph}d,

Pk~ ~unm }dn #A@NIM gn}dkm }k upne`a phvhgn}nvu nhvi`nv `l }dn }~}kv`hi rdnlk~ mna`lnm nvvkv gnuuhbn a~le}`klu akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl, @l }d`u }kp`ek~ r`ii ~un }dn heenuu ph}d gn}dkm,

Upne`a`lb _hvhgn}nvu ^u`lb hl Heenuu _h}d

]pn }dn mn}h`iu hu udkrl, @l k}dnv rkvmu }pn Vhen Nl}v hu }dn a`in lhgn }pn

Vhenu akv h Dkvun hu }dn heenuu ph}d }pn JNP hu }dn _huunm hu qhi~n hlm }pnS `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv }k unine} }dn jn a`nimu kl }dn heenuu ph}d }k fn ~unm huphvhgn}nvu,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―02

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A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nv Mn}h`iu phlni,

Mna`l`lb _hvhgn}nv Mn}h`iu

Avkg }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nv Mn}h`iu phlni k~ ehl mna`ln phvhgn}nvmn}h`iu,

]dn Dkvun ekmn avkg }dn unine}nm u~fa`in vnekvm `u }k fn phuunm hu hl `lp~}phvhgn}nv }k }dn M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u a~le}`kl hlm r`ii fn vnu}v`e}nm }k udkrkli vhen nl}v`nu akv }d`u dkvun, ]d`u `u rdnvn k~ upne`a }dh} Dkvun ekmn `u hl`lp~} kli vnu}v`e}kv phvhgn}nv,

]pn V hbh`lu} Dkvun ekmn,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Lk}n }dh} }dn ^uhbn akv Dkvun ekmn mnah~i}nm }k @ $@lp~} kli) hlm }dn phvhgn}nvvkin edhlbnm }k VU] $vnu}v`e}kv),

=―04 ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vn}~vl }k }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg Nm`}kv, Lk}n }dh} }dn lhgn ka }dnM`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u a~le}`kl dhu fnnl `lunv}nm `l }dn Nm`} He}`kl ' A~le}`klLhgn r`lmkr,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} He}`kl ' A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu r`lmkr,

Vn}~vl`lb }k }dn Nm`} He}`kl ' A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu R`lmkr

]d`u r`lmkr ekla`vgu }dh} k~ dhqn unine}nm M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u hu }dna~le}`kl akv k~v he}`kl, Hmqhl}hbn 6N dhu mnah~i}nm }dn qhi~n ka Dkvun ekmnavkg }dn u~fa`in vnekvm }k phuu hu }dn phvhgn}nv }k }dn M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u

a~le}`kl, Lk}n }dn VEM ekl}nt},

=―8?? ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

@lunv}`lb #GKQN hu hl He}`kl

Hmqhl}hbn 6N pvkq`mnu }dn @7 ekgghlm hu h udkv}e~} akv `lunv}`lb h #GKQNf~`i}'`l a~le}`kl hu h lnr he}`kl, ]dn @7 ekgghlm pnvakvgu }dvnn u}npu `l kln3

@H $`lunv}u hl he}`kl) A $nm`}u he}`kl mn}h`iu) hlm upne`a`nu }dn #GKQN f~`i}'`la~le}`kl hu }dn he}`kl,

]pn @7 lnt} }k }dn a~le}`kl }k `lunv} h #GKQN f~`i}'`l a~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Upne`a`lb _hvhgn}nvu akv }dn #GKQN A~le}`kl

Avkg }dn Nm`} He}`kl ' A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu r`lmkr k~ ehl upne`a }dn phvhgn}nvuakv }dn #GKQN a~le}`kl,

]dn #GKQN f~`i}'`l a~le}`kl gkqnu }dn qhi~n ka kln a`nim }k hlk}dnv a`nim hlm}d~u dhu }rk phvhgn}nvu, Kl }dn Nm`} He}`kl ' A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu r`lmkr }dnk~}p~} phvhgn}nv `u `lm`eh}nm f #Vnu~i} hlm }dn `lp~} phvhgn}nv `u `lm`eh}nm f#Ahe}kv 6,

Vnehii }dh} k~ ehl }pn ; `l hl ka }dn a`nimu kl }d`u phlni }k m`upih h unine}`kli`u} ka pkuu`fin qhi~nu akv }dn a`nim,

=―8?6 ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

]pn @7 hu udkrl }k `lunv} h #GKQN f~`i}'`l a~le}`kl hu hl he}`kl `l }dn he}`klm`hbvhg,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Upne`a`lb Vnikhm U~fa`in

]pn }dn mn}h`iu hu udkrl, @l k}dnv rkvmu }pn _BG akv }dn k~}p~} phvhgn}nvekl}nt} }pn #Vnikhm u~fa`in akv }dn phvhgn}nv lhgn }pn ELM akv }dn `lp~}phvhgn}nv ekl}nt} hlm }pn #Pnu akv }dn eklm`}`kl }k fn gkqnm,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vn}~vl }k }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg,

=―8?= ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

]dn Ekgpin}nm He}`kl M`hbvhg

]dn he}`kl m`hbvhg lkr udkru }dn he}`kl }k vnikhm }dn u~fa`in,

_vnuu A85 }k ahu} nt`} }k }dn Nt`} A~le}`kl Mna`l`}`kl phlni,

Uhq`lb }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg

Pk~ dhqn lkr a`l`udnm upne`a`lb }dn `l}nvahen }k ehii }dn M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}ua~le}`kl avkg }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl,

Heenp} }dn mnah~i} ka P $Edhlbn+evnh}n a~le}`kl) f pvnuu`lb Nl}nv, Pk~ dhqnlkr ekgpin}nm }dn ~pmh}n }k }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg akv Nm`} Dkvun,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―8?>

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A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

^pmh}`lb }dn Nm`} Dkvun A~le}`kl‐u He}`kl Fhv

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii edhlbn }dn }nt} `l }dn Unine}kv Edk`en gnl~ kl }dn he}`kl fhvh} }dn }kp ka }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl mnq`en mnu`bl }k udkr }dh} }dn M`upih

Vhe`lb vnu~i}u kp}`kl `u hqh`ihfin, Pk~ r`ii ~un }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl Nm`}kv }k mk}d`u,

]pn U hbh`lu} }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl hu udkrl }k heenuu }dn Mnq`en Mnu`blNm`}kv,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

^pmh}`lb }dn Nm`} Dkvun _hlni‐u Skkg He}`kl ]nt}

Hmqhl}hbn 6N dhu hivnhm ~pmh}nm }dn Nm`} Dkvun phlni hlm hmmnm }dn Skkg%8he}`kl }k }dn he}`kl fhv kl }dn Nm`} Dkvun phlni, Pk~ r`ii edhlbn }dn }nt} avkgSkkg%8 }k M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u }k pvkq`mn h fn}}nv ntpihlh}`kl }k }dn nlm~unv,

Gkqn }dn e~vukv kl}k }dn he}`kl fhv,

=―8?1 ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

_vnuu Nl}nv }k heenuu }dn Rkvj r`}d Edk`enu phlni,

Rkvj`lb r`}d }dn Unine}kv Edk`en

Avkg }dn Rkvj r`}d Edk`enu phlni k~ ehl heenuu }dn Rkvj r`}d He}`klu phlniakv h phv}`e~ihv edk`en, @l }d`u ehun k~ r`ii rkvj r`}d }dn he}`klu i`u}nm `l }dnUnine}kv Edk`en gnl~,

]pn H lnt} }k Unine}kv,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―8?2

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A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

_vnuu Nl}nv }k ekla`vg, _vnuu A5 }k nt`},

Udkr`lb }dn Lnr He}`kl ]nt}

]dn Rkvj R`}d He}`klu ka h Edk`en phlni lkr udkru }dn lnr he}`kl }nt} akv }dnUnine}kv Edk`en gnl~,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Rkvj R`}d Edk`enu phlni,

Mnu`bl`lb A~le}`klu =―8?0

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Edhp}nv

>

Bnlnvh}`lb) Ekgp`i`lb) hlmNtne~}`lb

]d`u edhp}nv `l}vkm~enu }dn akiikr`lb }kp`eu3

▯ @gpingnl}`lb Heenuu _h}du hlm A~le}`klu

▯ Ntne~}`lb hlm ]nu}`lb Ekgp`inm _vkbvhgu

@gpingnl}`lb Heenuu _h}du hlm A~le}`klu

]d`u }kp`e m`ue~uunu dkr }k bnlnvh}n uk~ven }k `gpingnl} }dn heenuu ph}du hlma~le}`klu k~ dhqn evnh}nm, Pk~ r`ii }dnl ekgp`in }dn uk~ven }k pvkm~enntne~}hfin KU+=?? kfcne}u3 a`inu hlm pvkbvhgu,

Lnr }nvgu `l}vkm~enm3

▯ Ckf i`u}

▯ Evnh}`kl

Lnr m`upihu l}vkm~enm3▯ M`upih Unvq`enu Gnl~

▯ U~fg`} Gkmni Evnh}nu

▯ U~fg`} Gkmni Bnlnvh}`klu ! Evnh}nu

▯ Eklqnv} Eklm`}`kl Qhi~nu

Kfcne}`qnu

U~fg`} }dn fh}ed bnlnvh}`kl ka hii }dn heenuu ph}du hlm a~le}`klu k~ dhqnmnu`blnm, Ha}nv bnlnvh}`lb }dn uk~ven ekmn nhed heenuu ph}d hlm a~le}`kl r`ii fnekgp`inm, Pk~ r`ii }dnl ntne~}n }dn Nm`} Dkvun pvkbvhg,

Bnlnvh}`lb) Ekgp`i`lb) hlm Ntne~}`lb >―8

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@gpingnl}`lb Heenuu _h}du hlm A~le}`klu

M`upih hii A~le}`klu akv Unine}`kl

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii vnpnh} }d`u pvkenuu akv }dn a~le}`klu `l k~v mnu`bl gkmni,]dn M`upih Unvq`enu Gnl~ `lei~mnu hl kp}`kl }k m`upih h i`u} ka }dn a~le}`klu `l

}dn mnu`bl gkmni,

Unine} }dn M`upih hii a~le}`klu kp}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Unine}`lb Hii Nt}nvlhi A~le}`klu akv Fh}ed Bnlnvh}`kl hlm Ekgp`ih}`kl

]dn M`upih Hii A~le}`klu phlni m`upihu h i`u} ka hii a~le}`klu `l }dn mnu`blgkmni, @} in}u k~ pnvakvg ghl mnu`bl ekl}vki hlm bnlnvh}`kl }huju akv kln kvgkvn a~le}`klu avkg kln m`upih,

Kli nt}nvlhi a~le}`klu lnnm }k fn bnlnvh}nm hlm ekgp`inm, Nt}nvlhi a~le}`kluehl fn `mnl}`a`nm f }dn uk~ven gngfnv lhgn ak~lm `l }dn BNL lhgn eki~gl:

`l}nvlhi a~le}`klu udkr −L+H `l }d`u eki~gl, U}hv} f m`upih`lb c~u} }dnnt}nvlhi a~le}`klu `l k~v mnu`bl gkmni,

]k mk uk }pn #NT] `l }dn ]pn eki~gl kl }dn unine}`kl i`ln,

Bnlnvh}`lb) Ekgp`i`lb) hlm Ntne~}`lb >―>

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@gpingnl}`lb Heenuu _h}du hlm A~le}`klu

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vnm`upih }dn M`upih Hii A~le}`klu phlni udkr`lb kli nt}nvlhia~le}`klu,

Lk}n3 Rv`}n mkrl }dn `gpingnl}h}`kl lhgnu udkrl `l }dn BNL lhgn eki~glakv }dn akiikr`lb a~le}`klu3 Nm`} Ek~vun Nm`} Dkvun hlm Nm`} Ckejn, Pk~ r`iilnnm }dnun ih}nv rdnl k~ }nu} }dn ekgp`inm pvkbvhgu,

Unine} hii ka }dn nt}nvlhi a~le}`klu akv fh}ed bnlnvh}`kl hlm ekgp`ih}`kl f}p`lb h C `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv lnt} }k nhed a~le}`kl kl }dn i`u},

_vnuu Nl}nv,

>―1 ]~}kv`hi

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@gpingnl}`lb Heenuu _h}du hlm A~le}`klu

Pk~ ehl u~fg`} bnlnvh}`klu hlm ekgp`ih}`klu ka hii }dn `}ngu `l }dn i`u} avkg }dnM`upih Unvq`enu Gnl~,

]k u~fg`} k~v bnlnvh}`kl+ekgp`ih}`kl vnx~nu} unine} }dn U~fg`} gkmni evnh}n

vnx~nu} $PUFGGMIEV]) kp}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k ntne~}n }dn U~fg`} Gkmni Evnh}n Vnx~nu}u $PUFGGMIEV])ekgghlm,

Lk}n3 Hmqhl}hbn 6N u~ppi`nu mnah~i} phvhgn}nv qhi~nu akv }dn PUFGGMIEV]ekgghlm fhunm kl k~v gkmni pvka`in hlm kp}`klu k~ upne`a`nm rdnl k~evnh}nm k~v gkmni, Pk~ ehl kqnvv`mn }dnun mnah~i}u f pvnuu`lb A= `lu}nhm ka

Nl}nv }k pvkgp} }dn ekgghlm,

I`u} ka Kfcne}u }k fn Bnlnvh}nm hlm Evnh}nm

Hmqhl}hbn 6N m`upihu h i`u} ka }dn uk~ven gngfnvu }k fn bnlnvh}nm hlmekgp`inm, Nhed gngfnv dhu n`}dnv BNL kv EV] lnt} }k `} }k `lm`eh}n rdn}dnv }dngngfnv dhu fnnl u~fg`}}nm akv bnlnvh}`kl kv ekgp`ih}`kl, @l }d`u ehun hii }dna~le}`klu hlm heenuu ph}du udk~im udkr BNL, Pk~ ehl vnq`nr }dn i`u} fpvnuu`lb Vkii ^p hlm Vkii Mkrl,

>―4 ]~}kv`hi

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@gpingnl}`lb Heenuu _h}du hlm A~le}`klu

_vnuu Vkii ^p ~l}`i k~ unn }dn fk}}kg ka }dn i`u},

_vnuu Nl}nv }k u~fg`} }dn ckf i`u},

Bnlnvh}`lb) Ekgp`i`lb) hlm Ntne~}`lb >―0

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@gpingnl}`lb Heenuu _h}du hlm A~le}`klu

Ekla`vg`lb }dn Ckf I`u}

]dn phlni r`ii fn vnm`upihnm r`}d }dn kp}`kl }k ekla`vg h} }dn fk}}kg v`bd}'dhlm ekvlnv, Heenp} }dn mnah~i} ka P,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

U~eenuua~i U~fg`} akv Bnlnvh}`kl hlm Ekgp`ih}`kl

Hmqhl}hbn 6N u~fg`}u }dn ckfu }k bnlnvh}n hlm+kv ekgp`in gngfnvu `l }d`u i`u},@a k~ vnx~nu} fh}ed bnlnvh}`kl ekgp`ih}`kl vnx~nu}u hvn hiuk u~fg`}}nm f

mnah~i}, Ekgp`ih}`kl evnh}nu }dn KU+=?? kfcne}u klen }dn uk~ven dhu fnnlbnlnvh}nm, Hu h vnu~i} ekgp`ih}`kl `u hiuk vnanvvnm }k hu evnh}`kl, Hii bnlnvh}`kluhvn ehvv`nm k~} `l h u`lbin ckf ehiinm PBNLUVE: h unphvh}n ekgp`ih}`kl ckf `uu~fg`}}nm akv nhed uk~ven gngfnv,

Ha}nv ekla`vg`lb }dn i`u} ka kfcne}u k~ r`ii unn h unv`nu ka gnuuhbnu h} }dnfk}}kg ka }dn phlni, ]dnun hvn ’Ckf PBNLUVE `u fn`lb pvnphvnm‗ ’Nt`u}`lbkfcne}u hvn fn`lb mnin}nm‗ hlm a`lhii ’Ckfi`u} u~eenuua~ii pvkenuunm,‗ @l fh}edpvkenuu`lb }dn bnlnvh}`klu+ ekgp`ih}`klu }hjn pihen `l }dn fhejbvk~lm, Pk~gh ekl}`l~n }k upne`a lnr kfcne}u $a~le}`klu heenuu ph}du) rd`in }d`u `udhppnl`lb,

>―8? ]~}kv`hi

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@gpingnl}`lb Heenuu _h}du hlm A~le}`klu

Rdnl }dn ekgp`ih}`klu dhqn fnnl u~fg`}}nm pvnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn M`upihUnvq`enu Gnl~, Pk~ ehl ednej }dn u}h}~u ka k~v u~fg`}}nm ckfu avkg }dn M`upihUnvq`enu Gnl~ f pvnuu`lb A4,

Eklqnv}`lb Eklm`}`kl Qhi~nu }k h Mh}hfhun A`in

Fnakvn ehii`lb k~v pvkbvhg k~ g~u} eklqnv} }dn qhi~nu }dh} hvn nl}nvnm `l}ku}h}~u a`nimu ~u`lb }dn Eklqnv} Eklm`}`kl Qhi~nu $PEQ]ELMQHI) ekgghlm,]d`u ekgghlm gkqnu }dn qhi~nu k~ mna`lnm akv u}h}~u a`nimu avkg }dn gkmnii`fvhv }k }dn eklm`}`kl qhi~nu i`u} mh}hfhun a`in `l }dn bnlnvh}`kl i`fvhv,

Rdnl k~ eklqnv} eklm`}`kl qhi~nu }k h mh}hfhun a`in k~ b`qn nlm ~unvu }dnehphf`i`} }k pvkgp} akv qhi`m eklm`}`kl qhi~nu rdnl }dn ~un }dn hppi`eh}`kl,Dkvun bnlmnv `u hl nthgpin ka h u}h}~u a`nim, @l }d`u ehun }dn nlm ~unv r`ii fn hfin}k pvkgp} }dn hppi`eh}`kl hlm m`upih h i`u} ka qhi`m qhi~nu akv Dkvun bnlmnvlhgni G hlm A,

Pk~ ehl v~l }dn PEQ]ELMQHI ekgghlm }k eklqnv} }dn eklm`}`kl qhi~nu }k hmh}hfhun a`in ~u`lb }dn Eklqnv} gkmni mh}h gnl~ rd`ed `u hl kp}`kl kl }dnM`upih Unvq`enu Gnl~,

Unine} }dn Eklqnv} gkmni mh}h gnl~ kp}`kl,

>―86 ]~}kv`hi

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Ntne~}`lb hlm ]nu}`lb Ekgp`inm _vkbvhgu

_vnuu Nl}nv }k nt`} k~v mnu`bl gkmni,

Ntne~}`lb hlm ]nu}`lb Ekgp`inm _vkbvhgu

]d`u }kp`e ntpih`lu dkr }k ehii k~v ekgp`inm hppi`eh}`klu $pvkbvhgu) hlm }nu}}dng f nl}nv`lb mh}h,

Ehii`lb }dn _vkbvhg

Klen }dn ekgp`ih}`klu k~ dhqn u~fg`}}nm dhqn ekgpin}nm u~eenuua~ii k~ ehl}nu} }dn Nm`} Dkvun hlm Nm`} Ek~vun pvkbvhgu, H gnuuhbn `u unl} }k k~v gnuuhbnx~n~n rdnl nhed ekgp`ih}`kl a`l`udnu,

Ehii k~v Nm`} Dkvun pvkbvhg avkg hl ekgghlm nl}v i`ln f ~u`lb }dnKU+=?? EHII ekgghlm }k `lqkjn k~v pvkbvhg akv nthgpin GPHNNAV huudkrl fnikr, Avkg r`}d`l k~v gkmni k~ ehl m`upih h ekgghlm nl}v i`lnf pvnuu`lb A0 avkg }dn M`upih Unvq`enu gnl~,

Lk}n3 @a k~ mk lk} jlkr }dn lhgn ka k~v Nm`} Dkvun pvkbvhg k~ ehl kf}h`l`} avkg }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu phlni kv }dn M`upih hii a~le}`klu kp}`kl kl }dnM`upih Unvq`enu Gnl~,

Rdnl k~ ehii k~v pvkbvhg k~ lnnm }k upne`a h m~gg #Vn}~vl ekmnphvhgn}nv, Hii Hmqhl}hbn 6N pvkbvhgu vnx~`vn h m~gg phvhgn}nv }k fn phuunm}k }dn pvkbvhg $— — kv —‐), ]d`u vn}~vl ekmn ehl fn ~unm }k ekgg~l`eh}n fn}rnnlpvkbvhgu `l gkvn ekgpint hppi`eh}`klu,

>―81 ]~}kv`hi

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Ntne~}`lb hlm ]nu}`lb Ekgp`inm _vkbvhgu

]pn }dn pvkbvhg lhgn }dh} ekvvnupklmu }k k~v Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl hlm vn}~vlekmn,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Lk}n3 ]k }nu} ekgpint pvkbvhgu k~ ehl ~un }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N Ehii h _vkbvhg$P6EHII) ekgghlm, ]d`u ekgghlm ikhmu k~v gkmni hlm mn}nvg`lnu }dnphvhgn}nvu vnx~`vnm f hl nt}nvlhi a~le}`kl m`vne}i avkg mn}h`iu ekl}h`lnm `l}dn gkmni, Pk~ ehl pvkq`mn qhi~nu akv hii `lp~}'ehphfin a`nimu hlm k~ ehl vn'~un}dnun qhi~nu akv u~funx~nl} ehiiu, Pk~ ehl hiuk vn}v`nqn hlm m`upih k~}p~}phvhgn}nvu rdnl }dn ehiinm pvkbvhg nlmu,

]dn Nm`} Dkvun A~le}`kl _hlni

Hl ngp} phlni r`ii fn m`upihnm, ]dn Nm`} A`in a~le}`kl kpnvh}nu `l }rkhi}nvlh}n gkmnu kln }k hmm lnr vnekvmu $Lnr gkmn) hlm kln }k edhlbn nt`u}`lbvnekvmu $Kpnl gkmn), ^un }dn A0 a~le}`kl jn }k }kbbin fn}rnnl }dn }rk gkmnu,

Lk}n }dh} }dn pvkbvhg gkmn `u Kpnl, U`len }dnvn hvn lk nt`u}`lb vnekvmu }k~pmh}n k~ a`vu} lnnm }k edhlbn }k Lnr gkmn }k hmm vnekvmu }k }dn a`in,

Bnlnvh}`lb) Ekgp`i`lb) hlm Ntne~}`lb >―82

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Ntne~}`lb hlm ]nu}`lb Ekgp`inm _vkbvhgu

_vnuu A0 }k ur`}ed }k Lnr gkmn }k hmm mh}h }k }dn DKVUN a`in,

Hmm`lb Mh}h }k }dn DKVUN A`in

Hl ngp} `lp~} phlni `u m`upihnm, Lk}n }dh} }dn pvkbvhg gkmn `u Lnr, ]d`u `urdnvn k~ gh hmm lnr mh}h, ]dn phlni udk~im dhqn }dn mnu`bl k~ evnh}nm hlmmh}h udk~im fn qhi`mh}nm heekvm`lb }k }dn v~inu k~ upne`a`nm `l }dn mnu`bl, ]nu}}d`u k~} f nl}nv`lb `lqhi`m qhi~nu, Hiuk }v pvnuu`lb A= akv }dn Dkvun bnlmnva`nim }k m`upih h unine}`kl i`u} ka hqh`ihfin qhi~nu,

]k hmm mh}h }k }dn mh}hfhun a`in }pn dkvun mn}h`iu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

>―84 ]~}kv`hi

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Ntne~}`lb hlm ]nu}`lb Ekgp`inm _vkbvhgu

Ekla`vg`lb Mh}h Nl}v`nu akv }dn Dkvun A`in

Pk~ r`ii fn pvkgp}nm r`}d h Ekla`vg pvkgp} fnakvn }dn ~pmh}n `u ekgpin}nm, Huk~ uhr `l }dn a~le}`kl kp}`kl }kp`e ka }d`u }~}kv`hi }dn ekla`vg pvkgp} `u hl

kp}`klhi anh}~vn ka h a~le}`kl, Pk~ ek~im kg`} `} avkg }dn mnu`bl `a mnu`vnm,

Nhvi`nv `l }dn }~}kv`hi `l }dn A~le}`kl Kp}`klu }kp`e k~ un} }dn `l`}`hi qhi~n ka}dn Ekla`vg pvkgp} }k P, Qnv`a }dh} }dn `l`}`hi qhi~n ka }dn Ekla`vg pvkgp} `u P,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Lk}n }dh} klen hmmnm }dn jn a`nimu ehllk} fn edhlbnm ntenp} f mnin}`kl,

Ha}nv }dn lnr mh}h dhu fnnl u~eenuua~ii hmmnm hlk}dnv ngp} u~fa`in phbn `um`upihnm vnhm akv gkvn nl}v`nu,

Bnlnvh}`lb) Ekgp`i`lb) hlm Ntne~}`lb >―80

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Hl`gh}`lb hl @l}nvhe}`qn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Hl`gh}`lb hl @l}nvhe}`qn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Fnakvn ghj`lb h edhlbn k~ ehl }nu} hlm mngklu}vh}n }dn pvkpkunm mnq`enmnu`bl ~u`lb h pvkenuu ehiinm pvk}k}p`lb kv hl`gh}`kl, @l }d`u }kp`e k~ r`ii ~unHmqhl}hbn 6N hl`gh}`kl }k u`g~ih}n }dn i`lj fn}rnnl }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`klhlm }dn M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u a~le}`kl,

Lnr }nvgu l}vkm~enm

▯ Hl`gh}`kl

▯ _vk}k}p`lb

▯ Hmqhl}hbn 6N ]kkij`}

Lnr phlniu l}vkm~enm

▯ Hl`gh}n A~le}`kl _hlniu

▯ Kpnl A~le}`klu

▯ =?? ]kkij`} Rkvj r`}d _hlni ]`}in Mn}h`iu

▯ =?? ]kkij`} Rkvj r`}d _hlni Ekgghlm Jn ^uhbn

▯ =?? ]kkij`} Nm`} Edk`enu

▯ =?? ]kkij`} Nm`} He}`klu

Kqnvq`nr ka Hmqhl}hbn 6N Hl`gh}`kl

Hmqhl}hbn 6N hl`gh}`kl pvkq`mnu h m`vne} i`lj fn}rnnl Hmqhl}hbn 6N hlm }dn

=?? ]kkij`} pvk}k}p`lb ahe`i`}`nu, =?? ]kkij`} `u h un} ka gpingnl}h}`kl u~ppkv}hlm uu}ng ~}`i`}`nu }dh} lei~mn gnl~ mnu`bl phlni mnu`bl pvk}k}p`lbmke~gnl}h}`kl h`mu hlm kfcne} i`u} pvkenuu`lb, Hmqhl}hbn 6N hl`gh}`kl in}u k~}vhluanv ekl}vki }k =?? ]kkij`} rdnvn k~ ehl `l}nvhe}`qni u`g~ih}n k~vHmqhl}hbn 6N phlni mnu`blu hlm }dnl nhu`i vn}~vl }k Hmqhl}hbn 6N,

Pk~ ehl hl`gh}n h a~le}`kl fnakvn k~ ghjn hl edhlbnu }k `}u mnah~i} he}`klm`hbvhg, ]d`u in}u k~ }dkvk~bdi }nu} k~v mnq`en mnu`bl fnakvn k~ ekgg`} }kupne`a`e pvkbvhgg`lb ikb`e rd`ed u gkvn m`aa`e~i} hlm }`gn'eklu~g`lb }kedhlbn, @l hmm`}`kl k~ mk lk} lnnm }k bnlnvh}n hlm ekgp`in h a~le}`kl fnakvnk~ hl`gh}n `},

Akv nthgpin k~ ehl ~un hl`gh}`kl }k mngklu}vh}n h pvkpkunm mnu`bl }k nlm~unvu akv }dn`v vnq`nr hlm hppvkqhi, Pk~ ehl `ggnm`h}ni `gpingnl} hlu~bbnu}`klu akv `gpvkqngnl} ka }dn mnq`en mnu`bl ~u`lb }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6NMnq`en Mnu`bl Nm`}kv hlm }dnl vn}~vl }k =?? ]kkij`} }k mngklu}vh}n }dn ~pmh}nmmnu`bl, Pk~ ehl vnpnh} }d`u pvkenuu ~l}`i k~ hvn uh}`ua`nm r`}d }dn mnu`bl, H}}dh} pk`l} k~ ehl fnb`l nm`}`lb }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg }k `gpingnl} k~v mnu`bl,

1―6 ]~}kv`hi

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Hl`gh}`lb hl @l}nvhe}`qn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Hl`gh}n }dn Nm`} Dkvun Mnq`en Mnu`bl

]d`u u}np mngklu}vh}nu }dn pvkenuu vnx~`vnm }k hl`gh}n }dn i`lj fn}rnnl }dn Nm`}Dkvun hlm M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u a~le}`klu,

Fnb`l f m`upih`lb }dn mnq`en mnu`bl akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl, Dnvn‐u hvng`lmnv,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―5

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Hl`gh}`lb hl @l}nvhe}`qn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

_vnuu Nl}nv }k kpnl }dn M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u a~le}`kl hlm m`upih `}u he}`klm`hbvhg, _vnuu A8> }k vn}~vl }k }dn Kpnl A~le}`klu phlni,

Lk}n }dh} M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u lkr hppnhvu kl }dn i`u}, Avkg }d`u phlni k~ehl nm`} h a~le}`kl‐u mnq`en mnu`bl he}`kl m`hbvhg kv phvhgn}nvu: k~ ehl hiukhl`gh}n }dn a~le}`kl,

Hl`gh}`lb }dn M`upih Vhe`lb Vnu~i}u A~le}`kl

]pn H `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv akv }dn M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u a~le}`kl hu udkrl }khl`gh}n }d`u a~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Hl`gh}n A~le}`kl _hlniu phlni,

1―4 ]~}kv`hi

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Hl`gh}`lb hl @l}nvhe}`qn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Fneh~un k~ vnx~nu}nm }dh} ekgghlm jn lhq`bh}`kl fn vnpihenm m~v`lb }dneklqnvu`kl }pn 5 akv }dn Kp}`kl a`nim hu udkrl }k q`nr }dn vnu~i}u ka }dnekgghlm jn eklqnvu`kl,

=?? ]kkij`} Ekgghlm Jn Lhq`bh}`kl

]d`u phlni udkru rd`ed phlni `u }k fn m`upihnm rdnl h ekgghlm jn `u pvnuunmm~v`lb pvkbvhg u`g~ih}`kl `l =?? ]kkij`}, Nl}v`nu hvn udkrl kli akv ekgghlmjnu mna`lnm akv }dn a~le}`kl `l Hmqhl}hbn 6N,

]dn pkuu`fin qhi~nu akv }dn Lnt} _hlni eki~gl hvn

1―8? ]~}kv`hi

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Hl`gh}`lb hl @l}nvhe}`qn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Qhi~n Mnuev`p}`kl

#_VQ M`upih }dn pvnq`k~u phlni

#UHGN Vnm`upih }dn e~vvnl} phlni

#NTNE Ntne~}n }dn ekgghlm u}v`lb udkrl `l }dn ]nt} eki~gl

#NT@] Nt`} }dn pvkbvhg

#HFHV He}`qh}n }dn he}`kl fhv

lhgn M`upih }dn lhgnm =?? ]kkij`} phlni mnu`bl

@a k~ dhm lk} eklqnv}nm }dn ekgghlm jn lhq`bh}`kl rdnl k~ eklqnv}nm }dnM`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u a~le}`kl kli }dn A5 ekgghlm jn rk~im fn mna`lnm,]d`u `u mkln f mnah~i} }k pvkq`mn h rh }k vn}~vl }k Hmqhl}hbn 6N }dh} k~ ehlnhu`i vngngfnv, Pk~ ehl hiuk vn}~vl }k Hmqhl}hbn 6N f pvnuu`lb }dn Dkgn

jn,

Lk}n3 Vnanv }k }dn mke~gnl}h}`kl akv k~v }nvg`lhi kv ekgp~}nv }k inhvl rd`edjn `u }dn Dkgn jn kl k~v uu}ng,

Vnhuu`bl`lb h Ekgghlm Jn `l =?? ]kkij`}

U`len }dn M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u a~le}`kl `u ehiinm avkg }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl}dn A5 ekgghlm jn udk~im vn}~vl }k Nm`} Dkvun, ]pn }dn lhgn ka }dn =??]kkij`} phlni mnu`bl }dh} ekvvnupklmu }k }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl `l }dn Lnt}_hlni eki~gl akv }dn A5 ekgghlm jn hu udkrl, F mnah~i} }d`u `u }dn a~le}`kl‐u`gpingnl}h}`kl lhgn akiikrnm f h 8: akv nthgpin GPHNNAV8,

]pn }dn =?? ]kkij`} phlni mnu`bl lhgn }dh} ekvvnupklmu }k k~v Nm`} Dkvuna~le}`kl, Pk~ ehl hiuk }pn h ; }k unine} avkg h i`u} ka =?? ]kkij`} phlni mnu`blu,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―88

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Hl`gh}`lb hl @l}nvhe}`qn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Un}}`lb ^p He}`kl Fhv Lhq`bh}`kl akv Nm`} Dkvun

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii un} ~p }dn ekgghlm jn hlm he}`kl fhv lhq`bh}`kl akv }dnNm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl uk k~ ehl u`g~ih}n }dn i`lj fn}rnnl }dn Nm`} Dkvun hlm }dn

M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u a~le}`klu ~u`lb =?? ]kkij`},

]pn H `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv }k hl`gh}n }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Fneh~un k~ dhqn hivnhm eklqnv}nm }d`u phlni mnu`bl `lei~m`lb }dn ekgghlmjn hlm he}`kl fhv lhq`bh}`kl k~ ehl edhlbn }dn qhi~n ka }dn Eklqnv} Gkmni

_hlni }k L,

]pn L akv Eklqnv} Gkmni _hlni hlm edhlbn }dn M`upih Kp}`kl }k = $RVJ_LI)}k rkvj r`}d }dn =?? ]kkij`} phlni mnu`bl,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―85

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Hl`gh}`lb hl @l}nvhe}`qn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

_vnuu Nl}nv }k nt`} hlm ~pmh}n }dn =?? ]kkij`} phlni mnu`bl,

]nu}`lb }dn A~le}`kl I`lj

Pk~ hvn lkr vnhm }k mngklu}vh}n }dn i`lj fn}rnnl }dn }rk a~le}`klu, ]pn U `l}dn U~fa`in unine}kv akv Nm`} Dkvun }k m`upih }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N Nm`} Dkvun mnq`enmnu`bl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―82

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Hl`gh}`lb hl @l}nvhe}`qn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Lk}n3 Pk~ ek~im dhqn }pnm H `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv `lu}nhm }k hl`gh}n }dna~le}`kl, Dkrnqnv `a k~ u}hv} }dn hl`gh}`kl avkg }dn mnq`en mnu`bl `} `u nhu`nv}k ur`}ed fn}rnnl }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N mnq`en mnu`bl hlm }dn =?? ]kkij`} phlnimnu`bl lhgni k~ ehl pvnuu A6 avkg }dn mnq`en mnu`bl }k hl`gh}n hlm pvnuu A5

avkg }dn phlni mnu`bl }k vn}~vl }k Hmqhl}hbn 6N,

Hl`gh}`lb Nm`} Dkvun

_vnuu A6 }k m`upih }dn Hl`gh}n A~le}`kl _hlniu phlni, U`len k~ dhqn hivnhmeklqnv}nm }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N mnq`en mnu`bl }k h =?? ]kkij`} phlni mnu`bl k~ ehln`}dnv heenp} }dn mnah~i}u kv }pn L akv }dn Eklqnv} Gkmni phlni a`nim, ]p`lb L 

ehl uhqn }`gn, @l }d`u ehun heenp} }dn mnah~i}u,

1―84 ]~}kv`hi

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Hl`gh}`lb hl @l}nvhe}`qn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

M`upih Vhe`lb Vnu~i}u _hlni Mnu`bl

]dn =?? ]kkij`} phlni mnu`bl akv }dn M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u a~le}`kl m`upihu,@lp~}'ehphfin a`nimu hvn lm`eh}nm f ~lmnvuekvnu: k~}p~}'kli a`nimu hvn udkrl

`l fihej,

Lnt} }nu} }dn ekgghlm jn lhq`bh}`kl k~ un} ~p akv }dn M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}uphlni mnu`bl f pvnuu`lb A5, ]d`u udk~im eh~un h vn}~vl }k }dn =?? ]kkij`} phlnimnu`bl akv Nm`} Dkvun,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N mnq`en mnu`bl akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl,

Pk~ ek~im lkr ghjn mnu`bl edhlbnu }k }dn mnq`en mnu`bl hlm vnpnh} }dnhl`gh}`kl pvkenuu ~l}`i k~ hvn uh}`ua`nm r`}d }dn vnu~i}u,

1―6? ]~}kv`hi

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Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

]d`u }kp`e `l}vkm~enu }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N gkmni kfcne} i`u} ~}`i`},

Lnr }nvgu l}vkm~enm

▯ Gkmni kfcne}

▯ Gkmni kfcne} }pn

▯ Gkmni kfcne} i`u}

▯ Gkmni kfcne} i`u} nl}v

▯ Unuu`kl i`u}

▯ Hii Kfcne}u i`u} $#HIIKFC)

Lnr phlniu l}vkm~enm

▯ Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}

▯ M`upih Gkmni Kfcne}

▯ Rkvj r`}d Gkmni I`u}u

▯ U~fun} Gkmni Kfcne}u

▯ _ku`}`kl }dn I`u} r`lmkr

Kfcne}`qnu

]k `l}vkm~en }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni }k ~un ukgn ka `}u kp}`klu hlm

ehphf`i`}`nu hlm }k nlek~vhbn k~ }k ntpikvn }dn gkmni kfcne} i`u} ahe`i`}`nu,

Lk}n3 ]d`u }kp`e pvnunl}u kli nthgpinu ka rhu }k ~un gkmni kfcne} i`u}u, Ha}nvk~ ekgpin}n }dnun nthgpinu fn u~vn }k ntpnv`gnl} kl k~v krl ~l}`i k~ anniekgakv}hfin r`}d }d`u }kki, Vnanv }k }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N gkm~in Bnlnvh}`lb hlm@gpingnl}`lb Hppi`eh}`klu akv gkvn lakvgh}`kl,

Kqnvq`nr ka Gkmni Kfcne}u hlm Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

F mna`l`}`kl h gkmni kfcne} `u hl}d`lb `l }dn gkmni }dh} k~ ehl vnanv }k flhgn: akv nthgpin h a`in $DKVUN) kv h a~le}`kl $Nm`} Dkvun),

Gkmni Kfcne} ]pnu

R`}d`l Hmqhl}hbn 6N }dnvn hvn unqnl }pnu ka gkmni kfcne}u ghl ka rd`ed k~dhqn mna`lnm hlm ~unm `l }d`u }~}kv`hi, Nhed gkmni kfcne} }pn dhu h 5'in}}nv`mnl}`a`nv hu udkrl `l }dn akiikr`lb }hfin,

1―66 ]~}kv`hi

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Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

Nm`}`lb Pk~v Unuu`kl I`u}

H} }dn fnb`ll`lb ka }d`u }~}kv`hi k~ evnh}nm h unuu`kl i`u} r`}d }dn uhgn lhgn huk~v gkmni pvka`in, H unuu`kl i`u} `u h gkmni kfcne} i`u} }k rd`ed hii gkmni kfcne}u

k~ edhlbn hmm kv mnin}n m~v`lb h unuu`kl hvn ikbbnm, Pk~v unuu`kl i`u} udk~imlkr ekl}h`l hii kfcne}u k~ hmmnm kv edhlbnm rd`in rkvj`lb kl }dn dkvun vhe`lbgkmni,

Avkg }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N Mnu`blnv $#MULV) Gnl~ unine} }dn Nm`} Unuu`kl I`u}$edhlbnm kfcne}u) kp}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni m`upihu udkr`lb hii gkmni kfcne}u k~edhlbnm m~v`lb }dn }~}kv`hi,

Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} _hlni

]dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni unvqnu hu hl hi}nvlh}n nl}v pk`l} `l}k k~vgkmni, @} dhu h _MG'i`jn `l}nvahen }dh} k~ ehl ~un }k pnvakvg gku} a~le}`kluhqh`ihfin avkg }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni, ]dn ntenp}`klu hvn }dh} k~ehllk} nm`} vnih}`klu kv evnh}n gkmni kfcne}u,

@l }dn akiikr`lb u}npu k~ r`ii ~un }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni }k nm`} }dnunuu`kl i`u} k~ evnh}nm h} }dn fnb`ll`lb ka }d`u }~}kv`hi,

1―6= ]~}kv`hi

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Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

Lk}n3 Hmqhl}hbn 6N hiikru }d`u m`aanvnlen }k kee~v uk k~ ehl ~un k~v gkmnikfcne} i`u} hu h d`u}kv`ehi vnekvm,

Pk~ ehl ~pmh}n }dn gkmni kfcne} i`u} nl}v }k vnaine} }dn e~vvnl} `lakvgh}`kl akv

}dn he}~hi gkmni kfcne}, ]k mk uk }pn 55 akv }dn U~fa`in unine}kv akv Mhg Dkvunlhgn,

_vnuu Nl}nv, ]dn i`u} nl}v `u ~pmh}nm avkg }dn mn}h`i `lakvgh}`kl akv }dn he}~higkmni kfcne}, @l }d`u ehun }dn lhgn ka }dn i`u} nl}v edhlbnu }k gh}ed }dn lhgn ka}dn gkmni kfcne} `} vnpvnunl}u,

1―61 ]~}kv`hi

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Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

_ku`}`kl`lb h Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}

Pk~ ehl pku`}`kl }dn gkmni i`u} m`upihnm }k h upne`a`e kfcne} }pn kfcne} lhgnkrlnv kv `gpingnl}h}`kl lhgn, ]d`u }kp`e pvnunl}u h anr nthgpinu ka rhu }k

~un pku`}`kl`lb, Anni avnn }k ntpnv`gnl} kl k~v krl,

_vnuu A2 }k m`upih }dn _ku`}`kl }dn I`u} r`lmkr, ]dn qhi~nu k~ nl}nv `l }d`upku`}`klnv r`lmkr hiuk mn}nvg`ln }dn kvmnv `l rd`ed }dn gkmni kfcne}u m`upih,

]pn A^L $a~le}`kl),

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Lk}n }dh} }dn i`u} `u lkr pku`}`klnm h} }dn a`vu} gkmni kfcne} ka }pn A^L, ]dnakiikr`lb gkmni kfcne}u hvn m`upihnm hipdhfn}`ehii f }pn hlm akv nhed }pnhipdhfn}`ehii f kfcne} lhgn, Lk}n }dn gnuuhbn m`upihnm h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dnphlni `lm`eh}`lb }d`u,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―62

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Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

Uevkii }dvk~bd }dn i`u} }k qnv`a }d`u,

_vnuu A2 hbh`l, Fihlj k~} }dn ]pn a`nim hlm }pn DKVUN akv Krlnv,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Lk}n }dh} }dn i`u} `u lkr pku`}`klnm h} }dn a`vu} gkmni kfcne} }dh} dhu DKVUN hu`}u krlnv, Lk}n }dn gnuuhbn h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn phlni, ]dn akiikr`lb gkmni

kfcne}u hvn m`upihnm hipdhfn}`ehii f Krlnv hlm akv nhed Krlnvhipdhfn}`ehii f Kfcne} ]pn hlm }dnl f Kfcne} Lhgn, Uevkii }dvk~bd }dn i`u}}k qnv`a }d`u,

1―64 ]~}kv`hi

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Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

H gnuuhbn h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn uevnnl }niiu k~ }dh} }dn kp}`kl rhu vnpnh}nm }k}dn nlm ka }dn gkmni i`u},

_vnuu Nl}nv }k kpnl nhed ka }dn unine}nm a~le}`klu, ]dn a~le}`klu hvn hmmnm }k }dn

Kpnl A~le}`klu phlni,

Rkvj`lb r`}d Kpnl A~le}`klu

Avkg }dn Kpnl A~le}`klu phlni k~ ehl rkvj r`}d nhed ka }dn a~le}`klu i`u}nmr`}dk~} `le~vv`lb }dn kqnvdnhm ka nt`}`lb hlm vnkpnl`lb nhed }`gn k~ lnnm }krkvj r`}d h m`aanvnl} a~le}`kl,

_vnuu A5 }k nt`} hii }dn kpnl a~le}`klu, Hmqhl}hbn 6N m`upihu }dn Nt`} A~le}`klMna`l`}`kl phlni akv nhed kpnl a~le}`kl `l }~vl rdnvn k~ ehl edkkun rdn}dnv }kuhqn }dn a~le}`kl hlm u~fg`} `} akv fh}ed bnlnvh}`kl,

Rdnl k~ nt`} }dn ihu} kpnl a~le}`kl Hmqhl}hbn 6N vn}~vlu }k }dn Nm`} GkmniKfcne} I`u} phlni,

1―56 ]~}kv`hi

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Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

M`upih`lb }dn ^lu~fun}}nm Gkmni I`u}

Fneh~un kli UNIVEM a~le}`klu hvn m`upihnm pvnuu A82 }k m`upih }dn U~fun}Gkmni Kfcne}u phlni, _vnuu A> }k vnu}kvn }dn mnah~i} qhi~nu akv hii a`nimu,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn kv`b`lhi ~lu~fun}}nm i`u},

Nm`}`lb Gkmni Kfcne}u

U~fa`in unine}kv kp}`kl 6 kl }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni heenuunu }dnhppvkpv`h}n Hmqhl}hbn 6N nm`}`lb phlni heekvm`lb }k }dn }pn ka }dn unine}nm

gkmni kfcne}, ]dn akiikr`lb }hfin udkru nthgpinu akv kfcne} }pnu hlm phlniuk~ dhqn ~unm nhvi`nv `l }d`u }~}kv`hi,

Gkmni Kfcne} ]pn ]~}kv`hi _hlni

]pn Hmqhl}hbn 6N Nm`}`lb _hlni M`upihnm

HE_ Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu

ELM Nm`} I`u} Eklm`}`kl akv IU]

Nm`} A`nim Eklm`}`kl Mn}h`iu akv QHI

A@I Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu

AIM Nm`} A`nim Mn}h`iu

A^L Nm`} A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu

GUB Nm`} Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―55

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Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

@a k~ }pn 6 akv }dn U~fa`in unine}kv ka unqnvhi gkmni kfcne}u ka m`aanv`lb }pnuHmqhl}hbn 6N m`upihu }dn hppvkpv`h}n nm`}`lb phlni akv nhed gkmni kfcne} klnh} }`gn,

Ntnve`un

]pn 6 `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv akv gkmni kfcne}u ka unqnvhi m`aanvnl} }pnu ka gkmnikfcne}u hlm pvnuu Nl}nv, Lk}`en rd`ed Hmqhl}hbn 6N nm`}`lb phlni m`upihu `lnhed ehun, _vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni,

Nm`}`lb Eklm`}`klu akv Nl}v U}h}~u

Pk~ ehl hiuk nm`} kli upne`a`e kfcne}u f u~fun}}`lb }dn gkmni i`u} a`vu}, U~ppkunk~ rhl} }k q`nr hlm pkuu`fi edhlbn }dn eklm`}`kl qhi~nu k~ mna`lnm akv }dn

Nl}v U}h}~u a`nim kl }dn VHEN NL]VP a`in, Akv nthgpin k~ ehl edhlbn }dneklm`}`kl lhgnu hlm u}h}~u qhi~nu, Lk}n }dh} k~ ehllk} hmm h lnr eklm`}`kl `l}d`u rh u`len k~ lnnm }k ~un }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni }k evnh}n hgkmni kfcne},

_vnuu A82 }k m`upih }dn U~fun} Gkmni Kfcne}u phlni, ]pn #ELM akv }dn ]pna`nim QHI akv }dn H}}v`f~}n a`nim hlm Nl}vp U}h}~u akv }dn Krlnv a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv }r`en }k m`upih }dn u~fun}}nm i`u},

1―5= ]~}kv`hi

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Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Rdnl k~ a`l`ud nm`}`lb vnih}`klu pvnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne}I`u} phlni,

1―51 ]~}kv`hi

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Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

Mnin}`lb h Gkmni I`u} Nl}v

]dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni pvkq`mnu }rk mnin}`kl kp}`klu, Kp}`kl 6=mnin}nu }dn he}~hi gkmni kfcne} avkg }dn gkmni: kp}`kl = mnin}nu h i`u} nl}v avkg

}dn m`upihnm gkmni kfcne} i`u}, Rdnl k~ mnin}n h gkmni kfcne} i`u} nl}v $kp}`kl=) Hmqhl}hbn 6N m`upihu h ekla`vg phlni akv nhed unine}nm i`u} nl}v,

Lk}n }dh} k~ ehllk} mnin}n h gkmni kfcne} `a `} `u ~unm f k}dnv kfcne}u `l }dngkmni, Hmqhl}hbn 6N pvkq`mnu `gphe} hlhiu`u }kkiu }k dnip k~ mn}nvg`lnrdn}dnv hlm dkr h gkmni kfcne} `u ~unm f k}dnv gkmni kfcne}u, @gphe} hlhiu`u`u m`ue~uunm ih}nv `l }d`u edhp}nv,

Lk}n3 Fneh~un k~ ehl ~un h gkmni kfcne} i`u} hu h d`u}kv`e vnekvm akv k~v gkmni`} ehl ekl}h`l nl}v`nu akv gkmni kfcne}u }dh} k~ dhqn mnin}nm avkg }dn gkmni,]dnun i`u} nl}v`nu hvn `lm`eh}nm f hl T }k }dn v`bd} ka }dn U~fa`in unine}kv,

Akv pvhe}`en k~ r`ii mnin}n h i`u} nl}v avkg k~v unuu`kl i`u} `l }d`u u}np, Pk~r`ii vnpihen `} ih}nv uk k~v unuu`kl i`u} ekl}`l~nu }k vnpvnunl} hii edhlbnu }k k~vgkmni, Vngngfnv k~ hvn mnin}`lb h i`u} nl}v lk} }dn gkmni kfcne},

Nl}nv = `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv akv }dn Edhlbn Ek~vun `l}nvlhi a~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv, Hmqhl}hbn 6N m`upihu h ekla`vg phlni,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―52

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Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

_vnuu Nl}nv }k ekla`vg }dn mnin}`kl,

Hii Kfcne}u I`u}

Nhed gkmni ekl}h`lu h upne`hi i`u} ekl}h`l`lb e~vvnl} `lakvgh}`kl hfk~} nhedkfcne} `l }dn gkmni, ]d`u i`u} `u vnanvvnm }k hu }dn Hii Kfcne}u i`u} hlm `u heenuunmr`}d`l }dn gkmni hu #HIIKFC,

]dn ghckv p~vpkun ka }dn Hii Kfcne}u I`u} `u }k pvkq`mn h enl}vhi ikeh}`kl akvgkmni kfcne} `lakvgh}`kl hlm }k vnekvm `lakvgh}`kl vnih}nm }k edhlbnu, ]dn`lakvgh}`kl akv nhed gkmni kfcne} `u ekl}h`lnm `l h gkmni kfcne} mnuev`p}`kl kv

mn}h`i, Hu k~ evnh}n mnin}n ~pmh}n hlm bnlnvh}n gkmni kfcne}u Hmqhl}hbn 6Nh~}kgh}`ehii ~pmh}nu }dn ekvvnupklm`lb gkmni kfcne} mnuev`p}`kl l }dn HiiKfcne}u i`u} }k vnaine} }dn edhlbnu,

Heenuu`lb }dn Hii Kfcne}u I`u}

Kln rh }k heenuu }dn Hii Kfcne}u I`u} `u }k }pn #HIIKFC `l }dn I`u} a`nim h} }dn}kp ka }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni,

]pn #HIIKFC akv }dn I`u} a`nim,

1―54 ]~}kv`hi

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Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn I`u} a`nim lkr ekl}h`lu #HIIKFC, ]d`u gnhlu }dnvn `u h kln'}k'klnekvvnupklmnlen fn}rnnl }dn gkmni kfcne}u m`upihnm hlm }dn he}~hi gkmnikfcne}u }dh} ekgpv`un k~v gkmni, @l phv}`e~ihv lk}n }dh} }dn gkmni kfcne} k~mnin}nm avkg k~v unuu`kl i`u} lhgni Edhlbn Ek~vun hppnhvu kl }dn HiiKfcne}u I`u},

Dkr #HIIKFC hlm Gkmni I`u}u M`aanv

]nedl`ehii }dn Hii Kfcne}u i`u} `u lk} vnhii h gkmni kfcne} i`u}: dkrnqnv `} `u

ka}nl ~una~i }k }d`lj ka `} hu h i`u}, @l bnlnvhi k~ ehl ~un }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne}I`u} phlni }k rkvj r`}d }dn Hii Kfcne}u I`u} hu k~ rk~im h lhgnm gkmni kfcne}i`u}, Dkrnqnv u`len }dn Hii Kfcne}u i`u} vnpvnunl}u he}~hi gkmni kfcne}u lk}n }dnakiikr`lb ntenp}`klu,

Pk~ ehl mnin}n h gkmni kfcne} f~} k~ ehllk} mnin}n h i`u} nl}v, @l k}dnv rkvmuk~ ehl ~un kp}`kl 6= f~} lk} kp}`kl =,

Pk~ ehllk} hmm h gkmni kfcne} }k }dn Hii Kfcne}u i`u} u`len }dh} vnx~`vnu evnh}`lbh gkmni kfcne},

Rd`in }dn Hii Kfcne}u i`u} ekl}h`lu hii he}`qn gkmni kfcne}u lhgnm gkmni kfcne}i`u}u }p`ehii vnpvnunl} h u~fun} ka hii gkmni kfcne}u `l }dn gkmni,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―50

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Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

M`upih`lb Hi}nvlh}n Q`nru ka Mn}h`i @lakvgh}`kl

]dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni pvkq`mnu a`qn hi}nvlh}n q`nru ka mn}h`i`lakvgh}`kl akv nhed gkmni kfcne}, ]dn `lakvgh}`kl udkrl `l }dn a`qn q`nru `u

mlhg`e rdnl k~ hvn rkvj`lb r`}d }dn Hii Kfcne}u i`u}: `l k}dnv rkvmu `a k~~pmh}n h gkmni kfcne} Hmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehii ~pmh}nu }dn lakvgh}`klm`upihnm }k vnaine} }dn edhlbn, Akv lhgnm gkmni kfcne} i`u}u }dn `lakvgh}`klm`upihnm `u u}h}`e hlm vnaine}u }dn u}h}n ka }dn gkmni kfcne} h} }dn }`gn `} rhuhmmnm }k }dn gkmni kfcne} i`u},

]dn akiikr`lb q`nru hvn hqh`ihfin3

▯ Fhu`e lakvgh}`kl

▯ @gpingnl}h}`kl lakvgh}`kl

▯ Ekgpklnl} Edhlbn lakvgh}`kl

Edhlbn lakvgh}`kl▯ Ednej k~} lakvgh}`kl

Mn}h`iu hfk~} nhed ka }dnun q`nru hvn fnklm }dn uekpn ka }d`u }~}kv`hi, ]k inhvlgkvn unn }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N gkm~in Bnlnvh}`lb hlm @gpingnl}`lb Hppi`eh}`klu, 

Ntnve`un

_vnuu A88 }k q`nr }dn a`qn hi}nvlh}n q`nru ka `lakvgh}`kl avkg }dn mn}h`i akv }dngkmni kfcne}u m`upihnm, Ukgn ka }d`u `lakvgh}`kl mnpnlmu kl }dn }pn ka }dngkmni kfcne} uk k~ udk~im uevkii }dvk~bd }dn i`u} rd`in q`nr`lb nhed hi}nvlh}n

q`nr,

Vnu}kv`lb }dn Mnin}nm Unuu`kl I`u} Nl}v

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii vnu}kvn }dn Edhlbn Ek~vun a~le}`kl }k k~v unuu`kl i`u},U~fa`in unine}kv kp}`kl 88 in}u k~ unine} gkmni kfcne}u }k fn hmmnm }k hlk}dnvgkmni kfcne} i`u}, ]dn mnah~i} akv }d`u hi}nvlh}n i`u} `u }dn Gkmni i`u} akv ekgghlmuupne`a`nm `l k~v gkmni pvka`in, @l k~v ehun `} `u }dn uhgn hu k~v unuu`kl i`u},

]pn 88 `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv akv }dn Edhlbn Ek~vun gkmni kfcne},

1―=? ]~}kv`hi

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Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

_vnuu Nl}nv, H gnuuhbn h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn phlni `lm`eh}nu }dh} }dn gkmni kfcne}dhu fnnl hmmnm }k k~v unuu`kl i`u},

Lk}n3 Hi}nvlh}`qni k~ ehl pvnuu A= `lu}nhm ka Nl}nv }k pvkgp} kp}`kl 88, ]d`uin}u k~ nl}nv }dn lhgn ka hlk}dnv hi}nvlh}n i`u} kv #UNINE] }k unine} avkg h i`u}ka hii gkmni kfcne} i`u}u,

Heenuu`lb K}dnv Gkmni I`u}u

Pk~ ehl }pn }dn lhgn ka h gkmni i`u} `l }dn I`u} a`nim kl }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne}I`u} phlni }k }vhluanv x~`eji hgklb gkmni kfcne} i`u}u mna`lnm akv k~v gkmni,

Pk~ ehl hiuk pvnuu A= }k pvkgp} h unine}`kl i`u} ka hii gkmni kfcne} i`u}u k~ dhqnmna`lnm,

Vn}~vl`lb }k Pk~v Unuu`kl I`u}

]pn }dn lhgn ka k~v unuu`kl i`u} `l }dn I`u} a`nim hu udkrl, Fn u~vn }k u~fu}`}~}n}dn lhgn ka k~v unuu`kl i`u},

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―=8

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Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

_vnuu Nl}nv, Lk}n }dh} Edhlbn Ek~vun dhu fnnl vnu}kvnm }k k~v unuu`kl i`u},

Rkvj`lb r`}d Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}u

]dn Rkvj r`}d Gkmni I`u}u phlni in}u k~ ghlhbn }dn gkmni kfcne} i`u}u `l k~vgkmni, Pk~ ehl heenuu }d`u phlni avkg }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N Mnu`blnv $#MULV)Gnl~ }dn M`upih Unvq`enu Gnl~ kv f }p`lb }dn Rkvj r`}d Gkmni I`u}u$PRVJGMIIU]) ekgghlm kl h ekgghlm i`ln

]pn PRVJGMIIU] kl }dn ekgghlm i`ln,

_vnuu Nl}nv, ]dn Rkvj r`}d Gkmni I`u}u phlni m`upihu udkr`lb hii }dn gkmnii`u}u mna`lnm akv k~v gkmni, @l k~v ehun kli k~v unuu`kl i`u} r`ii fn udkrl,]dn akiikr`lb `u hl nthgpin ka dkr }d`u phlni g`bd} ikkj `l h rkvj`lb gkmni,

1―=6 ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

Akv hl i`u} m`upihnm k~ ehl mk }dn akiikr`lb3

▯ Q`nr }dn i`u} nl}v`nu

▯ Nm`} }dn i`u}

▯ Einhv hii nl}v`nu avkg }dn i`u}

▯ Ekp }dn i`u} }k hlk}dnv i`u}

▯ Edhlbn }dn i`u}‐u mnuev`p}`qn }nt}

▯ Vngkqn }dn i`u}

@a k~ }pn kp}`kl 6 `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv ka hl i`u} }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}

phlni m`upihu akv }dn unine}nm i`u}, Hu h vnu~i} }d`u phlni pvkq`mnu hlk}dnvgn}dkm ka nl}nv`lb k~v gkmni,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni akv k~v unuu`kl i`u},

A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

]d`u }kp`e mnuev`fnu dkr }k evnh}n hlm }nu} h qnvu`kl ka h a~le}`kl,

Lk}n3 Pk~ ehl evnh}n qnvu`klu akv fk}d a~le}`klu $A^L) hlm gnuuhbnu $GUB):

dkrnqnv }d`u }kp`e m`ue~uunu kli a~le}`kl qnvu`klu,

Lnr }nvgu l}vkm~enm

▯ Qnvu`kl

▯ Bvk~p

▯ E~vvnl}

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―=5

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

▯ Vnm`vne}`kl

Lnr phlni l}vkm~enm

▯ Rkvj r`}d Qnvu`klu

Lnr ekgghlmu l}vkm~enm

▯ Evnh}n Gkmni Qnvu`kl

▯ Ekgphvn Gkmni Kfcne}u

▯ Vnm`vne} Gkmni Kfcne}

Kfcne}`qnu

]k evnh}n h qnvu`kl ka }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl nm`} `}u he}`kl m`hbvhg }nu} }dn

edhlbn hlm vnpihen }dn kv`b`lhi a~le}`kl r`}d }dn lnr qnvu`kl,

Kqnvq`nr ka Qnvu`klu

H qnvu`kl ka h a~le}`kl `u u`g`ihv }k h ekp ka }dn a~le}`kl, ]dn ghckv m`aanvnlen `u}dh} h ekp `u ekgpin}ni `lmnpnlmnl} ka }dn kv`b`lhi a~le}`kl, Hi}dk~bd hqnvu`kl `u hiuk h unphvh}n gkmni kfcne} Hmqhl}hbn 6N gh`l}h`lu hl `l}nvlhi i`ljfn}rnnl h a~le}`kl hlm `}u qnvu`klu, H a~le}`kl ehl dhqn hl ~li`g`}nm l~gfnv kaqnvu`klu,

H a~le}`kl hlm `}u qnvu`klu hvn jlkrl hu h bvk~p, ]dn `l}nvhe}`qn Rkvj r`}dQnvu`klu phlni in}u k~ q`nr hlm rkvj r`}d h bvk~p ka qnvu`klu,

@l hl bvk~p ka qnvu`klu kln ka }dn qnvu`klu `l }dn bvk~p gh fn e~vvnl}, ]dne~vvnl} qnvu`kl `u }dn qnvu`kl }dh} `u he}`qn `l }dn gkmni: `l k}dnv rkvmu `} `u }dna~le}`kl }dh} `u vnanvnlenm f k}dnv kfcne}u `l }dn gkmni hlm }dh} hppnhvu klHmqhl}hbn 6N nm`}`lb phlniu,

Fnlna`}u ka Qnvu`klu

]dvnn fnlna`}u ka ~u`lb qnvu`klu hvn3

▯ Pk~ ehl }nu} edhlbnu kl h qnvu`kl ka h a~le}`kl r`}dk~} `l}nvanv`lb r`}d }dna~le}`klhi`} ka }dn nt`u}`lb gkmni,

▯ Rdnl k~ a`l`ud }nu}`lb h lnr qnvu`kl ka h a~le}`kl hlm ghjn `} he}`qn$e~vvnl}) `l }dn gkmni }dn kv`b`lhi a~le}`kl vngh`lu ~ledhlbnm hlm ehlnhu`i fn ghmn he}`qn hbh`l `a lnnmnm,

▯ Kli }dn e~vvnl}i he}`qn qnvu`kl ka h a~le}`kl `u m`upihnm kl Hmqhl}hbn 6Nnm`}`lb phlniu, Hu h vnu~i} }dn phlniu hvn lk} ei~}}nvnm r`}d `lhe}`qnqnvu`klu,

1―== ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

H Vnhukl LK] }k ^un Qnvu`klu

Rdnl k~ ghjn h qnvu`kl ka h a~le}`kl e~vvnl} `l }dn gkmni Hmqhl}hbn 6Nbikfhii edhlbnu hii }dn gkmni kfcne}u }dh} vnanvnlenm }dn kv`b`lhi a~le}`kl }k

vnanvnlen }dn qnvu`kl `lu}nhm, @a lk} hii ka }dn vnanvnle`lb gkmni kfcne}u lnnm }dnedhlbnm a~le}`klhi`} k~ udk~im evnh}n h lnr a~le}`kl vh}dnv }dhl h qnvu`kl,Ha}nv ~pmh}`lb hlm }nu}`lb }dn lnr a~le}`kl k~ rk~im }dnl lnnm }k ~pmh}nvnanvnlenu }k }dn lnr a~le}`kl ghl~hii,

^u`lb Qnvu`klu }k ^pmh}n hl Nt`u}`lb A~le}`kl

Akiikr`lb hvn }dn u}npu lnnmnm }k ~pmh}n hlm }nu} edhlbnu akv h rkvj`lb nt}nvlhia~le}`kl ~u`lb Hmqhl}hbn 6N‐u qnvu`kl`lb anh}~vn, Pk~ r`ii ~un }d`u pvkenuu }khmm hl he}`kl }k }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl,

8, Evnh}n h qnvu kl ka }dn a~le}`kl k~ rhl} }k edhlbn,

6, Nm`} }dn qnvu`kl,

5, Akv hl nt}nvlhi a~le}`kl bnlnvh}n }dn uk~ven hlm evnh}n }dn pvkbvhg kfcne}akv }dn qnvu`kl,

Lk}n3 @l}nvlhi a~le}`klu hlm gnuuhbnu mk lk} vnu~i} `l unphvh}n pvkbvhgkfcne}u, Hu h vnu~i} }dn }nu}`lb pvkenuu akv }dng `u gkvn ekgpint hlm fnklm}dn uekpn ka }d`u }~}kv`hi, Vnanv }k }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N gkm~in Bnlnvh}`lb hlm@gpingnl}`lb Hppi`eh}`klu akv gkvn `lakvgh}`kl,

=, ]nu} }dn qnvu`kl f ehii`lb }dn pvkbvhg kfcne},

>, Rdnl k~ hvn uh}`ua`nm }dh} }dn qnvu`kl rkvju pvkpnvi ghjn }dn qnvu`kle~vvnl},

1, @a nvvkvu kee~v ghjn }dn kv`b`lhi a~le}`kl e~vvnl} hbh`l,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―=>

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

Heenuu`lb }dn Unuu`kl I`u}

]dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni udk~im fn m`upihnm kl k~v uevnnl akv k~vunuu`kl i`u}, @a `} `u lk} avkg }dn Mnu`blnv Gnl~ }pn = kl }dn Unine}`kl i`ln hu

udkrl }k unine} }dn Nm`} Unuu`kl I`u} $edhlbnm kfcne}u) kp}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni akv k~v unuu`kl i`u},

1―=1 ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

_ku`}`kl`lb }k }dn Nm`} Dkvun

U`len k~ hvn bk`lb }k evnh}n h qnvu`kl ka }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl k~ a`vu} lnnm}k ikeh}n `}, Kln rh }k mk uk `u f ~u`lb }dn A2 ekgghlm jn rd`ed in}u k~

pku`}`kl hlm ukv} nl}v`nu akv }dn m`upihnm gkmni kfcne} i`u},

_vnuu A2 }k m`upih }dn _ku`}`kl }dn I`u} r`lmkr, ]dnvn hvn unqnvhi rhu `l rd`edk~ ehl upne`a `lakvgh}`kl kl }d`u r`lmkr `l kvmnv }k ikeh}n }dn a~le}`kl k~lnnm, Akv nthgpin

▯ @a k~ jlkr }dn lhgn ka }dn a~le}`kl u`gpi }pn }dn lhgn `l }dn Kfcne}a`nim

▯ @a k~ jlkr }dn `gpingnl}h}`kl lhgn ka }dn a~le}`kl $}dn pvkbvhg lhgn)}pn }dn lhgn `l }dn @gp, Lhgn a`nim

▯ @a k~ jlkr }dn lhgn ka }dn a`in }dh} krlu }dn a~le}`kl }pn }dn lhgn ka }dna`in `l }dn Krlnv a`nim hlm uevkii mkrl }k ikeh}n }dn a~le}`kl

Lk}n }dh} k~ ehl }pn phv}`hi lhgnu `l }dn Kfcne} Krlnv hlm @gp, Lhgn a`nimukl }dn _ku`}`kl }dn I`u} r`lmkr: akv nthgpin `a k~ }pn D kv D# akv }dn Kfcne}a`nim }dn i`u} r`ii fn pku`}`klnm h} }dn a`vu} kfcne} lhgn }dh} fnb`lu r`}d }dn in}}nvD,

Fneh~un k~ jlkr }dn a~le}`kl lhgn }pn Nm`} Dkvun `l }dn Kfcne} a`nim huudkrl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―=2

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

Evnh}`lb h Qnvu`kl akv Nm`} Dkvun

]k evnh}n h qnvu`kl k~ a`vu} lnnm }k heenuu }dn Rkvj r`}d Qnvu`klu phlni akv }dnunine}nm a~le}`kl, _vnuu A65 }r`en }k q`nr hmm`}`klhi U~fa`in unine}kv kp}`klu, ]dn

hppvkpv`h}n kp}`kl u 80,

]pn 80 `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Rkvj`lb r`}d Qnvu`klu

]dn Rkvj r`}d Qnvu`klu phlni pvkq`mnu h un} ka kp}`klu akv rkvj`lb r`}d hbvk~p ka qnvu`klu, ^un `} }k pnvakvg }huju kl qnvu`klu u~ed hu

▯ Evnh}n h lnr qnvu`kl

▯ Nm`}

▯ Mnin}n

▯ M`upih

▯ Q`nr mn}h`i

▯ Bnlnvh}n

▯ @gphe} hlhiu`u

]dn qnvu`klu hvn m`upihnm kl }d`u phlni `l vnqnvun edvklkikb`ehi kvmnv: `l k}dnvrkvmu }dn gku} vnenl}i evnh}nm qnvu`kl hppnhvu h} }dn }kp ka }dn i`u} ka nl}v`nu,]dn e~vvnl} qnvu`kl `u udkrl d`bdi`bd}nm r`}d hl # }k }dn v`bd} ka }dn U~fa`inunine}kv hlm }dn U}h}~u eki~gl ekl}h`lu }dn rkvm E~vvnl}, U`len k~ dhqn lk}n} evnh}nm qnvu`klu akv Nm`} Dkvun kli kln nl}v `u i`u}nm,

1―=4 ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

]k evnh}n h lnr qnvu`kl akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl }pn 5 `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Lhg`lb }dn Qnvu`kl

]dn pvkgp} phlni akv }dn Evnh}n Gkmni Qnvu`kl $PEV]GMIQUL) ekgghlmm`upihu, F mnah~i} Hmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehii bnlnvh}nu h lhgn akv }dnqnvu`kl fhunm kl }dn lhgn ka }dn kv`b`lhi a~le}`kl, ]dn h~}kgh}`ehii bnlnvh}nmlhgn eklu`u}u ka }dn kv`b`lhi a~le}`kl lhgn akiikrnm f unqnl m`b`}u }k nlu~vn~l`x~nlnuu: akv nthgpin Nm`} Dkvun88?8=48, @l hmm`}`kl f mnah~i} }dn kv`b`lhi

a~le}`kl vn}h`lu `}u lhgn hlm vngh`lu e~vvnl} $he}`qn),

@l }d`u nthgpin k~ r`ii upne`a h qnvu`kl lhgn hlm heenp} }dn k}dnv mnah~i}u,]pn Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8 `l }dn ]k gkmni kfcne} lhgn a`nim,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―=0

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

_vnuu Nl}nv, Lk}n }dn gnuuhbnu h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn phlni hu Hmqhl}hbn 6Nevnh}nu }dn lnr qnvu`kl,

@gpingnl}h}`kl Lhgn akv }dn Lnr Qnvu`kl

]dn lnr qnvu`kl k~ c~u} evnh}nm Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8 lkr hppnhvu h} }dn }kpka }dn i`u} kl }dn Rkvj r`}d Qnvu`klu phlni, Lk}n }dh} h lnr `gpingnl}h}`kllhgn dhu fnnl huu`blnm }k }dn qnvu`kl: `l k}dnv rkvmu }dn qnvu`kl `u h unphvh}nkfcne} `l }dn gkmni, Dkrnqnv u`len }dn qnvu`kl `u lk} e~vvnl} k~ r`ii lk} unn `}kl Hmqhl}hbn 6N nm`}`lb phlniu,

Nm`}`lb }dn Lnr A~le}`kl

Pk~ hvn lkr vnhm }k nm`} }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg akv Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8 `l kvmnv}k `lunv} h ehii }k hl `lakvgh}`kl gnuuhbn a~le}`kl, ]pn 8? `l }dn U~fa`inunine}kv,

1―>? ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

_vnuu Nl}nv,

_vnuu A> }k m`upih }dn ~unv nt`} pk`l}u hlm unine} }dn ~unv pk`l} }k rd`ed k~hmmnm ikb`e }k ehii }dn M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u a~le}`kl akv h unine}nm dkvun,

]pn S hbh`lu} }dn Qhi`mh}n u~fa`in vnekvm vnih}`klu ~unv pk`l},

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―>8

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

_vnuu Nl}nv,

@lunv}`lb h Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl

]dn kfcne}`qn `u }k hmm hl `lakvgh}`kl gnuuhbn }k }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl klvn}~vl avkg }dn M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u a~le}`kl, Pk~ r`ii ~un }dn @GA ekgghlm}k `lunv} }dn gnuuhbn, ]d`u ekgghlm pvkq`mnu h udkv}e~} akv `lunv}`lb hlmpvkgp}`lb h gnuuhbn a~le}`kl `l kln u}np, Vngngfnv }k q`nr h i`u} ka hqh`ihfinekgghlmu }pn ; `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv,

]pn @GA `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv hu udkrl }k `lunv} hl `lakvgh}`kl gnuuhbn

a~le}`kl ha}nv ehii`lb }dn M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u a~le}`kl,

1―>6 ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

_vnuu Nl}nv, Rdnl }dn Nm`} Gnuuhbn A~le}`klu phlni m`upihu pvnuu A0 }k hmm}dn lnr gnuuhbn,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Upne`a`lb h _hvhgn}nv akv }dn Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl

Lnt} upne`a h phvhgn}nv akv }dn gnuuhbn a~le}`kl `l kvmnv }k `lei~mn }dn lhgnka }dn dkvun `l }dn gnuuhbn, ]pn _ hu udkrl `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―>5

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

Pk~ lnnm }k upne`a }dh} }dn Dkvun lhgn a`nim `u }k fn h phvhgn}nv akv }dn gnuuhbna~le}`kl, Hu h vnu~i} }pn #A@NIM }k `lm`eh}n }dn phvhgn}nv `u h a`nim }pn Dkvunlhgn hu }dn a`nim lhgn hlm }pn AIM `l }dn _huunm hu eki~gl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gnuuhbn A~le}`klu phlni,

Nm`}`lb }dn Gnuuhbn ]nt}

Lnt} k~ r`ii nm`} }dn gnuuhbn }nt} }k `lei~mn }dn qhi~n ka }dn Dkvun lhgn

phvhgn}nv, Vngngfnv }dh} f mnah~i} }dn lhgn ka h gnuuhbn a~le}`kl hlm `}uhuuke`h}nm }nt} hvn }dn uhgn,

]pn S `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv akv }dn Vhe`lb vnu~i}u m`upihnm gnuuhbn a~le}`kl,

1―>= ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu phlni,

^u`lb h U~fu}`}~}`kl Qhv`hfin

Lk}n }dn !8 `l }dn Lk, eki~gl: }d`u `u }dn u~fu}`}~}`kl qhv`hfin }dh} vnpvnunl}u}dn Dkvun lhgn phvhgn}nv, Pk~ r`ii ~un }d`u u~fu}`}~}`kl qhv`hfin }k `lei~mn }dnunine}nm dkvun‐u lhgn `l }dn }nt} ka }dn gnuuhbn, Vnehii }dh} k~ ~unm }d`u pvkenuunhvi`nv `l }dn }~}kv`hi rdnl k~ mna`lnm nvvkv gnuuhbnu akv }dn eklm`}`kl }dh}ekgphvnm h dkvun‐u mh}n ka f`v}d r`}d }dkun ka `}u phvnl}u,

]dn kv`b`lhi gnuuhbn }nt} `u ’Vhe`lb vnu~i}u m`upihnm,‗ Hmm ’akv !8‗ }k }dn nlm

ka }d`u }nt},

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gnuuhbn A~le}`klu phlni,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―>>

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

Unine}`lb }dn Lnr Gnuuhbn

Pk~ u}`ii lnnm }k unine} }d`u gnuuhbn a~le}`kl akv `lei~u`kl `l }dn Nm`} Dkvuna~le}`kl, ]pn T `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} He}`kl ' A~le}`kl Lhgn r`lmkr, Lk}n }dh} }dna`nimu `l }d`u r`lmkr dhqn fnnl a`iinm `l fhunm kl }dn `lakvgh}`kl k~ c~u}nl}nvnm,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k q`nr }dn phvhgn}nvu akv }dn gnuuhbn a~le}`kl,

1―>1 ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

Ednej`lb }dn Mnah~i} _hvhgn}nvu

Lk}n }dn gnuuhbn h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn r`lmkr `lm`eh}`lb }dh} phvhgn}nvu dhqnfnnl mnah~i}nm, @l gku} ehunu }dn mnah~i} phvhgn}nvu udkrl hvn ekvvne},Dkrnqnv k~ udk~im vnq`nr }dn `lakvgh}`kl m`upihnm fnakvn k~ heenp} }dnmnah~i}u,

@l }d`u ehun }dn mnah~i}u hvn ekvvne}: lhgni Dkvun lhgn `u hl `lp~} $@)phvhgn}nv hlm }dn uk~ven ka `}u qhi~n `u }dn VEM $U~fa`in vnekvm) ekl}nt}, _vnuuNl}nv }k heenp} }dn mnah~i}u hlm vn}~vl }k }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg Nm`}kv,

Lk}n }dh} }dn ehii }k }dn `lakvgh}`kl gnuuhbn a~le}`kl Vhe`lb vnu~i}u m`upihnmdhu fnnl `lunv}nm `l }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―>2

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

Vn}~vl`lb }k }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg

_vnuu A85 }k nt`} hlm m`upih }dn Nt`} A~le}`kl Mna`l`}`kl phlni,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k heenp} }dn mnah~i}u hlm vn}~vl }k }dn Rkvj r`}d Qnvu`klu phlni,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni, Lk}n }dh} h ? m`upihu }k}dn v`bd} ka }dn U~fa`in unine}kv ka }dn Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8 i`u} nl}v }k `lm`eh}n}dh} `} `u h lkl'e~vvnl} qnvu`kl,

U~fg`}}`lb }dn A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl akv Bnlnvh}`kl

Pk~ ehl u~fg`} bnlnvh}`kl vnx~nu}u hlm pvkenuu ckf i`u}u m`vne}i avkg }dn Nm`}Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni, _vnuu A65 }k unn hmm`}`klhi U~fa`in unine}kv kp}`klu, ]dnhppvkpv`h}n kp}`kl akv u~fg`}}`lb heenuu ph}du hlm a~le}`klu akv fh}edbnlnvh}`kl `u 8=,

]pn 8= `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8 a~le}`kl,

1―>4 ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

_vnuu Nl}nv, H gnuuhbn h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn phlni `lm`eh}nu }dh} }dn vnx~nu} akvfh}ed bnlnvh}`kl dhu fnnl u~fg`}}nm,

Q`nr`lb Ckf I`u} Ekgghlmu

Pk~ hiuk dhqn heenuu }k h un} ka ckf i`u} ekgghlmu avkg }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne}I`u} phlni, ]d`u lei~mnu }dn U~fg`} Gkmni Evnh}n Vnx~nu}u $PUFGGMIEV])ekgghlm rd`ed k~ pvnq`k~ui heenuunm avkg }dn M`upih Unvq`enu Gnl~, _vnuuA6= }r`en }k q`nr hmm`}`klhi ekgghlm jnu, ]dn hppvkpv`h}n ekgghlm jn `uA80,

_vnuu A80 }k m`upih }dn Ckf I`u} Ekgghlmu Gnl~, ]pn 8 kl }dn Unine}`kl i`ln }kunine} }dn PUFGGMIEV] ekgghlm,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―>0

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Rdnl }dn pvkgp} uevnnl akv }dn PUFGGMIEV] ekgghlm m`upihu pvnuu Nl}nvhbh`l }k heenp} }dn mnah~i}u hlm m`upih }dn ckf i`u},

_vnuu Nl}nv }r`en }k u~fg`} }dn vnx~nu} }k }dn ckf x~n~n, Ednej }dn u}h}~u ka }dn ckf hu mnuev`fnm `l }dn Bnlnvh}`lb) Ekgp`i`lb) hlm Ntne~}`lb edhp}nv, Klen }dnbnlnvh}`kl hlm ekgp`ih}`kl ekgpin}nu u~eenuua~ii k~ ehl }nu} Nm`} Dkvun 'Qnvu`kl 8 }k unn `a }dn lnr gnuuhbn m`upihu,

_vnuu A5 }r`en }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni,

M`upih`lb Hi}nvlh}n Q`nru

@a k~ mk lk} jlkr }dn `gpingnl}h}`kl lhgn akv Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8 k~ ehl~un }dn A88 ekgghlm jn }k q`nr hmm`}`klhi `lakvgh}`kl akv }dn gkmni kfcne}um`upihnm, A`qn hi}nvlh}n q`nru hvn hqh`ihfin: dkrnqnv }d`u }~}kv`hi m`ue~uunukli }dn a`vu} }rk, Pk~ ehl pvnuu A88 a`qn }`gnu }k unn hii a`qn q`nru,

_vnuu A88 }k m`upih }dn hi}nvlh}n q`nr udkr`lb }dn `gpingnl}h}`kl lhgn, Lk}n}dn lhgn }dh} ekvvnupklmu }k Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8 GPH_NAV kl }dn phlnifnikr,

1―1? ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

]nu}`lb Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8

Kl }dn Ekgghlm i`ln }pn }dn akiikr`lb }k }nu} Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8, Fn u~vn}k u~fu}`}~}n }dn ekvvne} `gpingnl}h}`kl lhgn,

EHII GPH_NAV — —

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn `l}nvhe}`qn phlni akv Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8 udk~im m`upih udkr`lb }dn mh}hk~ nl}nvnm nhvi`nv akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl,

Akiikr`lb hvn }dn u}npu lnnmnm }k }nu} k~v edhlbn,8, ]pn + `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv akv hl dkvun,

6, _vnuu A8? }k heenuu }dn he}`kl fhv,

5, ]pn U }k heenuu }dn Unine}kv Edk`en gnl~,

=, ]pn 8 lnt} }k }dn M`upih Vhe`lb Vnu~i}u he}`kl,

>, _vnuu Nl}nv,

Lk}n3 Fneh~un k~ r`ii lk} nl}nv mh}h akv }dn VHEN hlm VHEN NL]VP a`inu~l}`i }dn Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu edhp}nv M`upih Vhe`lb Vnu~i}u r`ii dhqn lkmh}h }k m`upih: dkrnqnv k~ udk~im unn }dn lnr `lakvgh}`kl gnuuhbn klvn}~vl }k Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8,

1, _vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8, ]dn lnr gnuuhbn udk~im m`upihh} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn phlni,

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―18

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

Ekgphv`lb ]rk Qnvu`klu ka h A~le}`kl

Pk~ ehl ekgphvn }rk qnvu`klu ka h a~le}`kl ~u`lb }dn Ekgphvn Gkmni Kfcne}u$PEG_GMIKFC) ekgghlm, ]d`u ekgghlm u ~una~i akv ukiq`lb pvkfingu }dh}

hv`un rd`in }nu}`lb h lnr qnvu`kl hlm akv `mnl}`a`lb edhlbnu ghmn }k klnqnvu`kl ka h a~le}`kl akv vn}vka`}}`lb }k hlk}dnv qnvu`kl,

Lk}n3 Pk~ ehl hiuk ~un }d`u ekgghlm }k ekgphvn }rk a~le}`klu kv }rkgnuuhbnu, @l k}dnv rkvmu }dn gkmni kfcne}u fn`lb ekgphvnm lnnm lk} fnqnvu`klu,

]k ekgphvn }rk qnvu`klu ka h a~le}`kl }pn PEG_GMIKFC kl }dn Ekgghlmi`ln,

Nl}nv`lb _hvhgn}nvu akv PEG_GMIKFC

_vnuu A= }k pvkgp} }dn ekgghlm, Nl}nv phvhgn}nvu }k `mnl}`a }dn a~le}`klu }kfn ekgphvnm: lhgni nl}nv }dn Kfcne} krlnv lhgn hlm }pn ka fk}d a~le}`klu,@l }d`u ehun }pn DKVUN Nm`} Dkvun #A^L DKVUN Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8hlm #A^L hu udkrl, Heenp} }dn mnah~i}u akv }dn k}dnv phvhgn}nvu,

1―16 ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Rdnl }dn ekgghlm ekgpin}nu `} vn}~vlu h~}kgh}`ehii }k }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne}I`u} phlni, @a m`aanvnlenu rnvn ak~lm h gnuuhbn m`upihu h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dnphlni,

Q`nr`lb M`aanvnlenu fn}rnnl Qnvu`klu

^un }dn KU+=?? Rkvj r`}d Upkki A`inu $RVJU_IA) ekgghlm }k q`nr }dnm`aanvnlenu, ]pn RVJU_IA kl }dn Ekgghlm i`ln,

_vnuu Nl}nv, ^un U~fa`in unine}kv kp}`kl > }k m`upih }dn ckf lhgnmPEG_GMIKF-, ]dn m`aanvnlenu hvn udkrl hu akiikru,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―15

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

_vnuu A5 }r`en }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni,

Ghj`lb }dn Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8 E~vvnl}

Klen k~ dhqn }nu}nm Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8 hlm hvn uh}`ua`nm }dh} fk}d }dn lnrhlm kim a~le}`klhi`} rkvj ekvvne}i k~ ehl vnpihen }dn kv`b`lhi Nm`} Dkvuna~le}`kl `l }dn gkmni r`}d }dn lnr qnvu`kl f ghj`lb }dn qnvu`kl e~vvnl},

A`vu} m`upih }dn Rkvj r`}d Qnvu`kl phlni f }p`lb 80 `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv akvn`}dnv qnvu`kl ka }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

1―1= ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

Kl }dn Rkvj r`}d Qnvu`kl phlni pvnuu A65 }k q`nr hmm`}`klhi kp}`klu, ]dnhppvkpv`h}n kp}`kl `u 61 Ghjn e~vvnl}, ]pn 61 `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv akv Nm`}Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Lhg`lb }dn Lnr E~vvnl} Qnvu`kl

]dn pvkgp} uevnnl akv }dn Vnm`vne} Gkmni Kfcne} $PVMVGMIKFC) ekgghlmm`upihu,

Rdnl k~ ghjn h qnvu`kl e~vvnl} f mnah~i} }dn kfcne} lhgnu ka }dn kv`b`lhihlm lnr e~vvnl} qnvu`klu hvn ntedhlbnm: }d`u `u `lm`eh}nm f #PNU `l }dn ]vhluanvgkmni kfcne} lhgn phvhgn}nv, ]dn `gpingnl}h}`kl lhgnu ka }dn }rk qnvu`kluhvn hirhu ntedhlbnm, ]k hqk`m g`u~lmnvu}hlm`lb fn u~vn }k `lakvg k}dnvmnqnikpnvu rdnl k~ ghjn h lnr qnvu`kl e~vvnl},

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―1>

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

_vnuu Nl}nv }k heenp} }dn mnah~i}u,

Lk}n3 @a k}dnv kfcne}u `l }dn gkmni vnanvnlen Nm`} Dkvun }dn hvn h~}kgh}`ehiiedhlbnm }k vnanvnlen }dn lnr e~vvnl} qnvu`kl `lu}nhm, Akv nthgpin `a hlk}dnva~le}`kl ehiinm Nm`} Dkvun Hmqhl}hbn 6N rk~im edhlbn }dn a~le}`kl uk }dh} `}ehiiu }dn lnr e~vvnl} qnvu`kl ka Nm`} Dkvun `lu}nhm, ]d`u pvkenuu `u jlkrl huvnm`vne}`kl, Gnuuhbnu m`upih h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn phlni m~v`lb vnm`vne}`kl,

]dn lnr e~vvnl} qnvu`kl lkr ekl}h`lu }dn ehii }k }dn `lakvgh}`kl gnuuhbn, @}ukfcne} lhgn `u lkr Nm`} Dkvun hlm `}u `gpingnl}h}`kl lhgn `u GPHNNAV,

1―11 ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

Vnbnlnvh}`lb }dn Lnr E~vvnl} Qnvu`kl

Pk~ lnnm }k bnlnvh}n hlm ekgp`in }dn lnr e~vvnl} qnvu`kl uk }dn uk~ven hlmpvkbvhg kfcne} ekl}h`l }dn lnr a~le}`klhi`}, ]pn 8= `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv hu

udkrl }k u~fg`} h vnx~nu} akv fh}ed bnlnvh}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k u~fg`} }dn vnx~nu}, _vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}phlni, ]dn ? }k }dn v`bd} ka }dn U~fa`in unine}kv ka }dn Nm`} Dkvun i`u} nl}v`lm`eh}nu }dh} `} `u h lkl'e~vvnl} qnvu`kl,

Ntnve`un

U~fg`} }dn fh}ed ckf ~u`lb }dn pvkenm~vn k~ ~unm pvnq`k~ui `l }d`u }kp`e, _vnuuA80 }k m`upih }dn Ckf I`u} Ekgghlmu gnl~ hlm unine} }dn PUFGGMIEV]kp}`kl, Rdnl k~ a`l`ud vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni,

Q`nr`lb Gkmni Kfcne} @lakvgh}`kl akv }dn Qnvu`klu

Lk}n }dh} hl 4 hppnhvu }k }dn ina} ka fk}d }dn Nm`} Dkvun hlm Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl8 i`u} nl}v`nu, ]d`u `lm`eh}nu }dh} }dn i`u} nl}v `lakvgh}`kl mknu lk} gh}ed }dh} ka}dn ekvvnupklm`lb gkmni kfcne}, @l }d`u ehun }dn kfcne} lhgnu hlm`gpingnl}h}`kl lhgnu hvn g`ugh}ednm u`len }dn rnvn ntedhlbnm m~v`lb }dn

pvkenuu ka ghj`lb Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8 e~vvnl},

Lk}n3 ]d`u m`aanvnlen `u hiikrnm }k kee~v uk k~ ehl ~un k~v gkmni kfcne} i`u} huh d`u}kv`ehi vnekvm,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―12

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

]k q`nr e~vvnl} mn}h`iu akv h gkmni kfcne} ~un U~fa`in unine}kv kp}`kl 4, $Lk}n}dh} k~ ehl pvnuu A65 }k unn k}dnv kp}`klu,) Akv nthgpin }pn 4 hbh`lu} }dn Nm`}Dkvun i`u} nl}v,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Lk}n }dh} }dn Kfcne} Lhgn Nm`} Dkvun ' Qnvu`kl 8 hlm }dn `gpingnl}h}`kl lhgnudkrl `l }dn Uk~ven eki~gl GPH_NAV mk lk} gh}ed }dn ekvvnupklm`lb`lakvgh}`kl udkrl kl }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun i`u}nl}v,

_vnuu A86 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni,

1―14 ]~}kv`hi

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A~le}`kl Qnvu`kl`lb

Vnavnud`lb I`u} Nl}v`nu akv }dn Qnvu`klu

]k ~pmh}n }dn }rk i`u} nl}v`nu }k gh}ed }dn he}~hi gkmni kfcne}u }pn 55 `l }dnU~fa`in unine}kv akv fk}d nl}v`nu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Lk}n3 @a ghl m`uevnphle`nu nt`u} fn}rnnl nl}v`nu kl h gkmni kfcne} i`u} hlm }dnhe}~hi gkmni kfcne}u k~ ehl vnavnud }dn nl}`vn i`u} f pvnuu`lb }dn A8> ekgghlmjn, ]d`u ntne~}nu }dn Ednej h Gkmni I`u} $PEDJGMIIU]) ekgghlm,

]dn `lakvgh}`kl akv }dn i`u} nl}v`nu akv }dn }rk qnvu`klu lkr gh}ed }dh} ka }dn

ekvvnupklm`lb gkmni kfcne}u,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―10

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Gkmni Kfcne} Evkuu Vnanvnlenu

Ntnve`un

^un }dn _ku`}`kl }dn I`u} phlni }k m`upih hii nl}v`nu akv k~v unuu`kl i`u},

D`l}3 _vnuu A2 fihlj k~} hii }dn a`nimu hlm pvnuu Nl}nv, Hmqhl}hbn 6Nh~}kgh}`ehii vnpku`} klu k~v unuu`kl i`u} h} }dn }kp `l kvmnv f Kfcne} Lhgnhlm Kfcne} ]pn,

Gkmni Kfcne} Evkuu Vnanvnlenu

]d`u }kp`e `l}vkm~enu }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N gkmni kfcne} evkuu vnanvnlen phlniu,

Lnr }nvgu l}vkm~enm

▯ Gkmni kfcne} evkuu vnanvnlen

▯ Ntphlu`kl

▯ ^uhbnu

▯ ^u`lb kfcne}u

▯ Vnanvnlenu

Lnr phlniu l}vkm~enm

▯ M`upih Gkmni uhbnu

▯ M`upih Gkmni Vnanvnlenu

Kfcne}`qnu

]k ~un Hmqhl}hbn 6N‐u gkmni kfcne} evkuu vnanvnlen ahe`i`}`nu lei~m`lb }dnM`upih Gkmni uhbnu phlni hlm }dn M`upih Gkmni Vnanvnlenu phlni,

Kqnvq`nr ka Gkmni Kfcne} Evkuu Vnanvnlenu

Hmqhl}hbn 6N‐u gkmni kfcne} evkuu vnanvnlen ahe`i`}`nu eklu`u} ka h un} ka ekgghlmuhlm `l}nvhe}`qn phlniu }dh} k~ ehl ~un }k mn}nvg`ln akv hl gkmni kfcne} rd`edk}dnv kfcne}u `} vnanvnlenu hlm rd`ed k}dnv kfcne}u `} `u ~unm f,

]dn pvkenuu ka mn}nvg`l`lb n`}dnv ~uhbnu kv vnanvnlenu akv h gkmni kfcne} `u jlkrhu ntphlu`kl, ^u`lb gkmni kfcne} evkuu vnanvnlen ahe`i`}`nu k~ ehl ntphlm ~uhbnukv vnanvnlenu akv h gkmni kfcne} }k hl inqni,

Pk~ ehl m`upih kv pv`l} gkmni kfcne} ~uhbnu hlm vnanvnlenu: k~ ehl hiukeklqnv} }dng }k h gkmni kfcne} i`u},

1―2? ]~}kv`hi

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Gkmni Kfcne} Evkuu Vnanvnlenu

Gkmni Kfcne} ^uhbnu

^uhbnu akv h gkmni kfcne} hvn hii }dn gkmni kfcne}u }dh} ~un `}, ^uhbnu hvn nt}nvlhi}k }dn gkmni kfcne} hlm vnx~`vn }dn gkmni kfcne} `l kvmnv }k fn ekgpin}n, H

gkmni kfcne}‐u ~uhbnu hvn ukgn}`gnu vnanvvnm }k hu ~u`lb kfcne}u,

U~ppkun k~ rhl} }k edhlbn }dn Ghvnu heenuu ph}d, Fnakvn k~ mk uk k~ lnnm}k mn}nvg`ln rd`ed gkmni kfcne}u ~un `}, @l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii ~un }dn M`upihGkmni ^uhbnu phlni }k m`upih ~uhbnu akv }dn Ghvnu heenuu ph}d,

Heenuu`lb Pk~v Unuu`kl I`u}

U}hv} f heenuu`lb }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni akv k~v unuu`kl i`u}, ^un klnka }dn gn}dkmu k~ ~unm nhvi`nv `l }d`u edhp}nv,

A`vu} pku`}`kl }dn unuu`kl i`u} }k }dn Ghvnu heenuu ph}d, _vnuu A2 }k m`upih }dn_ku`}`kl }dn I`u} r`lmkr, ]pn HE_ akv }dn ]pn a`nim hlm Ghvnu akv }dn Kfcne}a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv, Pk~v unuu`kl i`u} `u lkr m`upihnm `l kvmnv f Kfcne} ]pn hlmKfcne} Lhgn fnb`ll`lb r`}d }dn Ghvnu heenuu ph}d,

_vnuu A65 ~l}`i kp}`kl 08 `u m`upihnm, Kp}`kl 08 m`upihu ~uhbnu akv }dn unine}nm

kfcne}, ]pn 08 `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv akv }dn Ghvnu heenuu ph}d,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―28

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Gkmni Kfcne} Evkuu Vnanvnlenu

_vnuu Nl}nv, Lk}`en }dn gnuuhbnu h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn phlni hu Hmqhl}hbn 6Nntphlmu gkmni ~uhbnu,

M`upih Gkmni ^uhbnu _hlni

Rdnl hii ~uhbnu dhqn fnnl ntphlmnm }dn M`upih Gkmni uhbnu phlni m`upihuudkr`lb }dn a`vu} inqni ka kfcne}u `l }dn gkmni }dh} ~un }dn Ghvnu heenuu ph}d,Lk}`en }dn ??8 `l }dn Iqi eki~gl akv nhed ~u`lb kfcne}: }d`u `lm`eh}nu }dh} }dnkfcne} ~unu }dn Ghvnu heenuu ph}d m`vne}i,

]dn M`upih Gkmni ^uhbnu phlni pvkq`mnu h qhv`n} ka ekl}vkiu hlm a`i}nvu

`lei~m`lb vne~vu`kl uekpn hlm pku`}`kl`lb }k dnip k~ hlhisn k~v gkmni }kmn}nvg`ln }dn gphe} ka pvkpkunm edhlbnu,

Lk}n3 Gku} ka }dn kp}`klu pvkq`mnm kl }dn M`upih Gkmni ^uhbnu phlni hvnfnklm }dn uekpn ka }d`u }~}kv`hi, Dkrnqnv k~ ehl ~un }dn kli`ln dnip `a k~rk~im i`jn }k ntpnv`gnl} a~v}dnv, Kv k~ ehl vnanv }k }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N gkm~inBnlnvh}`lb hlm @gpingnl}`lb Hppi`eh}`klu,

1―26 ]~}kv`hi

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Gkmni Kfcne} Evkuu Vnanvnlenu

^uhbn Vnhukl

]dn Vnhukl eki~gl udkru dkr nhed ka }dn i`u}nm gkmni kfcne}u ~un }dn Ghvnuheenuu ph}d, Akv nthgpin

▯ #VNAHE_ ' ]dn Nm`} Dkvun hlm Unine} Dkvun a~le}`klu ~un Ghvnu hu hvnanvnlenm heenuu ph}d,

▯ #A^L_HV ' ]dn Unine} Ghvnu a~le}`kl ~unu Ghvnu hu }dn mna`l`}`kl ka ha~le}`kl phvhgn}nv,

▯ #KFCNE] ' ]d`u mnl}`a`nu }dn gkmni kfcne} akv rd`ed k~ vnx~nu}nm ~uhbnu,]d`u kfcne} `u `lei~mnm kl }dn i`u} ka ~uhbnu uk k~ ehl ~un }dn U~fa`inunine}`kl kp}`klu kl }dn kv`b`lhi gkmni kfcne},

]dn gkmni kfcne}u }dh} ~un }dn Ghvnu heenuu ph}d hvn hii nt}nvlhi a~le}`klu }dh}r`ii h} inhu} lnnm }k fn vnbnlnvh}nm hlm ekgp`inm `a k~ edhlbn }dn Ghvnu heenuuph}d, Dkrnqnv `a k~v pvkpkunm edhlbn vnx~`vnu vnih}`klu }k fn hmmnm }k kvvngkqnm avkg }dn Ghvnu heenuu ph}d k~ g`bd} hiuk lnnm }k nm`} }dnun a~le}`klu,

@l }d`u gkmni lk k}dnv gkmni kfcne}u ~un }dn ~u`lb kfcne}u akv Ghvnu, Pk~ ehl }nu}rdn}dnv k}dnv kfcne}u ~un }dn kfcne}u m`upihnm f }p`lb 08 `l }dn U~fa`inunine}kv akv hl ka }dn ~u`lb kfcne}u,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―25

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Gkmni Kfcne} Evkuu Vnanvnlenu

Ntnve`un

]pn 08 hbh`lu} Nm`} Dkvun hlm pvnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih `}u ~uhbnu, ]dn M`upihGkmni uhbnu phlni vnm`upihu udkr`lb kli }dn gkmni kfcne} }unia, ]d`u

`lm`eh}nu }dh} lk k}dnv gkmni kfcne}u ~un Nm`} Dkvun: `l k}dnv rkvmu `} dhu lk~uhbnu,

^u`lb ^uhbn Inqniu

Lk}`en }dh} }dn Inqni l~gfnv `l }dn ~ppnv v`bd} ekvlnv dhu edhlbnm }k ??6, ]d`u`lm`eh}nu }dn l~gfnv ka }`gnu k~ dhqn ntphlmnm ~uhbnu fnb`ll`lb r`}d }dn

kv`b`lhi gkmni kfcne},

Akv h gkvn ekgpint nthgpin h gkmni kfcne} gh dhqn ghl inqniu ka ~u`lbkfcne}u, ]dn qhi~n ka #LNT] `l }dn Uekpn a`nim in}u k~ u}np }dvk~bd }dnntphlu`kl ka ~uhbnu kln inqni hlm kln gkmni kfcne} h} h }`gn, @l k}dnv rkvmuk~ ehl }pn 08 akv hl ~u`lb kfcne}u }k mn}nvg`ln `}u ~uhbn, ]dn Inqni udkrl h}}dn ~ppnv v`bd} ka }dn uevnnl udkru }dn e~vvnl} inqni, ]dn A5 jn in}u k~ fhej ~pkln inqni h} h }`gn: }dn A8> jn vn}~vlu }k }dn }kp inqni,

Lk}n }dh} k~ ehl edhlbn }dn Uekpn a`nim }k #LKGHT }k ntphlm hii ~uhbnu akv hunine}nm gkmni kfcne}, Dkrnqnv akv rkvj`lb gkmniu }d`u ehl vnx~`vn u`bl`a`ehl}pvkenuu`lb }`gn,

1―2= ]~}kv`hi

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Gkmni Kfcne} Evkuu Vnanvnlenu

Nt`}`lb Gkmni ^uhbnu

_vnuu A5 }r`en }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni,

_vnuu A2 }k m`upih }dn _ku`}`kl }dn I`u} r`lmkr, Fihlj k~} hii a`nimu hlm pvnuuNl}nv }k vnpku`}`kl }dn unuu`kl i`u} hlm m`upih hii nl}v`nu,

Gkmni Kfcne} Vnanvnlenu

Vnanvnlenu akv h gkmni kfcne} hvn }dn gkmni kfcne}u `} vnanvu }k `l}nvlhii, @l k}dnvrkvmu vnanvnlenu hvn }dn gkmni kfcne}u }dn vnanvv`lb gkmni kfcne} vnx~`vnu `lkvmnv }k fn ekgpin}n kv }k nt`u}, Akv nthgpin M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u hlm EdhlbnDkvun hvn vnanvnlenu ka }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl,

]d`u u}np udkru dkr }k heenuu }dn M`upih Gkmni Vnanvnlenu phlni hlm dkr k~

ehl ~un `} }k ukiqn pvkfingu `l pvkbvhg hppi`eh}`klu,

Heenuu`lb }dn #HIIKFC I`u}

U}hv} f heenuu`lb }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni akv }dn Hii Kfcne}u i`u}$#HIIKFC), U`len k~v unuu`kl i`u} u e~vvnl}i m`upihnm }pn #HIIKFC akv }dnI`u} a`nim h} }dn }kp ka }dn phlni hlm pvnuu Nl}nv,

_ku`}`kl`lb #HIIKFC }k hl @gpingnl}h}`kl Lhgn

U~ppkun k~ kli jlkr }dn `gpingnl}h}`kl lhgn ka }dn pvkbvhg `l rd`ed hlnvvkv kee~vvnm: akv nthgpin GPHNNAV $Nm`} Dkvun),

Avkg }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} pvnuu A2, ]pn }dn `gpingnl}h}`kl lhgn ka }dnpvkbvhg `l }dn @gp, Lhgn a`nim hu udkrl, Fn u~vn }k u~fu}`}~}n }dn lhgnekvvnupklm`lb }k k~v Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―2>

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Gkmni Kfcne} Evkuu Vnanvnlenu

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn #HIIKFC i`u} `u lkr pku`}`klnm h} }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl, Lk}n }dn gnuuhbnh} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn phlni hlm }dh} }dn hi}nvlh}n q`nr udkr`lb }dn@gpingnl}h}`kl lhgn m`upihu h~}kgh}`ehii, Pk~ ehl edhlbn q`nru f pvnuu`lbA88,

M`upih`lb Vnanvnlenu akv Nm`} Dkvun

Kp}`kl 48 in}u k~ m`upih vnanvnlenu akv h unine}nm gkmni kfcne}, ]pn 48 `l }dnU~fa`in unine}kv akv Nm`} Dkvun,

_vnuu Nl}nv, Lk}`en }dn gnuuhbnu h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn phlni hu Hmqhl}hbn 6Nntphlmu }dn gkmni vnanvnlenu,

1―21 ]~}kv`hi

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Gkmni Kfcne} Evkuu Vnanvnlenu

M`upih Gkmni Vnanvnlenu _hlni

Rdnl hii vnanvnlenu dhqn fnnl ntphlmnm }dn M`upih Gkmni Vnanvnlenu phlnim`upihu udkr`lb hii kfcne}u `l }dn gkmni vnanvnlenm f Nm`} Dkvun, ]d`u phlni

pvkq`mnu h qhv`n} ka ekl}vkiu hlm a`i}nvu `lei~m`lb vne~vu`kl uekpn hlmpku`}`kl`lb }k dnip k~ hlhisn k~v gkmni,

Lk}n3 Gku} ka }dn kp}`klu pvkq`mnm kl }dn M`upih Gkmni Vnanvnlenu phlni hvnfnklm }dn uekpn ka }d`u }~}kv`hi, Dkrnqnv k~ ehl ~un }dn kli`ln dnip `a k~rk~im i`jn }k ntpnv`gnl} a~v}dnv, Kv vnanv }k }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N gkm~inBnlnvh}`lb hlm @gpingnl}`lb Hppi`eh}`klu,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―22

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Gkmni Kfcne} Evkuu Vnanvnlenu

M`upih`lb Kli Nt}nvlhi A~le}`klu

U`len k~ hvn ~u`lb vnanvnlenu }k ukiqn h pvkfing `l hl hppi`eh}`kl pvkbvhg k~kli lnnm }k unn nt}nvlhi a~le}`klu }dh} hvn vnanvnlenm `l }dn Nm`} Dkvun he}`kl

m`hbvhg,

]pn #NT]A^L akv }dn Uekpn a`nim hlm }pn #HE]@KL akv }dn Vnhukl a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv, Kli }dn a~le}`klu }dh} ghjn ~p }dn pvkbvhg `l rd`ed }dn nvvkvkee~vvnm hvn lkr m`upihnm, @l h rkvj`lb gkmni }d`u i`u} rk~im bnlnvhii fng~ed iklbnv, ]d`u `u h ~una~i u}hv}`lb pihen akv }dn mnqnikpnvu rdkun }huj `} `u }ka`t }dn pvkfing,

1―24 ]~}kv`hi

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Gkmni Kfcne} Evkuu Vnanvnlenu

Evnh}`lb h Gkmni I`u} ka }dn Vnanvnlenu

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii ~un }dn A81 ekgghlm jn }k evnh}n h gkmni kfcne} i`u} hlmeklqnv} }dn vnanvnlenu m`upihnm }k gkmni i`u} nl}v`nu, Pk~ ehl upne`a }dn lhgn

ka hl nt`u}`lb i`u} kv k~ ehl }pn h lnr lhgn hlm Hmqhl}hbn 6N r`iih~}kgh}`ehii evnh}n }dn gkmni i`u},

@a k~ upne`a }dn lhgn ka hl nt`u}`lb i`u} fn u~vn }dn K~}i`u} kp}`kl `u ekvvne}, Hqhi~n ka #VN_IHEN einhvu }dn i`u} fnakvn eklqnv}`lb }dn vnanvnlenu: h qhi~n ka#HMM hppnlmu }dn lnr nl}v`nu }k hl nt`u}`lb nl}v`nu,

Lhg`lb }dn I`u} ka Vnanvnlenu

Pk~ udk~im huu`bl h lhgn }k }dn i`u} }dh} r`ii fn gnhl`lba~i }k }dn mnqnikpgnl}u}haa, F mnah~i} }dn gkmni i`u} lhgn `u }dn Gkmni i`u} akv ekgghlmu upne`a`nm `l

k~v gkmni pvka`in,

_vnuu A81 }k m`upih }dn r`lmkr rdnvn k~ r`ii nl}nv }dn lhgn ka }dn gkmni i`u}}dh} `u }k ekl}h`l }dn vnanvnlenu, U~ppkun k~ hvn vnupklm`lb }k _vkfing Vnpkv}5?=0: hu h vnu~i} k~ g`bd} lhgn }dn gkmni i`u} _V5?=0,

]pn _V5?=0 `l }dn K~}p~} }k Gkmni I`u} r`lmkr,

_vnuu Nl}nv, Lk}`en }dn gnuuhbnu h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn r`lmkr hu }dn vnanvnlenuhvn eklqnv}nm }k nl}v`nu kl }dn gkmni kfcne} i`u}, Kl vn}~vl }k }dn M`upih GkmniVnanvnlenu phlni h gnuuhbn h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn phlni qnv`a`nu }dh} }dneklqnvu`kl u ekgpin}n,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―20

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@gphe} Hlhiu`u

^u`lb }dn I`u} ka Vnanvnlenu

Pk~ ehl lkr pv`l} }dn _V5?=0 gkmni i`u} ~u`lb }dn A68 ekgghlm jn, Pk~ ehln`}dnv b`qn }dn pv`l}nm ekp ka }dn i`u} }k k~v mnqnikpgnl} u}haa kv }dn ehl ~un

}dn gkmni i`u} kli`ln hu hl h`m }k ukiq`lb }dn pvkfing,

Nt`}`lb M`upih Gkmni Vnanvnlenu

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni, Vnpku`}`kl }dn i`u} }k }dn}kp `l Kfcne} Lhgn+Kfcne} ]pn kvmnv hu akiikru3 pvnuu A2 }k m`upih }dn_ku`}`kl }dn I`u} r`lmkr fihlj k~} hii a`nimu hlm pvnuu Nl}nv,

Vnm`upih Pk~v Unuu`kl I`u}

]pn }dn lhgn ka k~v unuu`kl i`u} `l }dn I`u} a`nim h} }dn }kp ka }dn phlni, Vnehii}dh} f mnah~i} k~v unuu`kl i`u} dhu }dn uhgn lhgn hu k~v ~unv pvka`in,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

@gphe} Hlhiu`u

]d`u }kp`e l}vkm~enu }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N gphe} hlhiu`u }kkiu lei~m`lbu`g~ih}`lb h pvkpkunm edhlbn hlm ekgpklnl} edhlbn pvkenuu`lb,

Lnr }nvgu l}vkm~enm

▯ Edhlbn }pn

1―4? ]~}kv`hi

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@gphe} Hlhiu`u

▯ _v`qh}n edhlbn

▯ _~fi`e edhlbn

▯ U`g~ih}`lb h edhlbn

▯ Ekgpklnl} edhlbn pvkenuu`lb

Kfcne}`qnu

]k udkr dkr }k mn}nvg`ln }dn `gphe} ka h pvkpkunm edhlbn }k h gkmni kfcne} klk}dnv kfcne}u `l }dn gkmni,

Kqnvq`nr ka @gphe} Hlhiu`u

@gphe} hlhiu`u in}u k~ mn}nvg`ln }dn `gphe} ka h pvkpkunm edhlbn kv hl he}~hi

edhlbn }k hl kfcne} `l k~v gkmni, Akv nthgpin k~ ehl mn}nvg`ln rd`edkfcne}u hvn haane}nm `a k~ edhlbn }dn inlb}d ka h jn a`nim kv rd`ed a~le}`klulnnm }k fn vnbnlnvh}nm `a k~ edhlbn ikb`e `l }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg ka hl `l}nvlhia~le}`kl,

Edhlbn ]pn

Rdnlnqnv k~ edhlbn h gkmni kfcne} Hmqhl}hbn 6N huu`blu h edhlbn }pn, ]dnedhlbn }pn mnuev`fnu }dn rh `l rd`ed h edhlbn `gphe}u k}dnv kfcne}u }dh} ~un}dn edhlbnm kfcne}, ]dn ak~v pkuu`fin edhlbn }pnu hvn Kfcne} kli $#KFCKLIP)Bnlnvh}`kl vnx~`vnm $#BNL) _v`qh}n $#_V@QH]N) hlm _~fi`e $#_^FI@E), ]dn

a`vu} }rk `lm`eh}n edhlbnu }dh} haane} kli }dn edhlbnm kfcne} `}unia, Hu h vnu~i}}d`u }~}kv`hi ekqnvu c~u} }dn ihu} }rk edhlbn }pnu,

▯ #_V@QH]N ' }d`u edhlbn }pn `lm`eh}nu h edhlbn }k hl kfcne} }dh} vnx~`vnu}dh} k~ vnbnlnvh}n hlm ekgp`in hii heenuu ph}du hlm nt}nvlhi a~le}`klu }dh}~un `},

Akv nthgpin `a k~ edhlbn }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg ka hl `l}nvlhi a~le}`kl k~lnnm }k vnbnlnvh}n }dn nt}nvlhi a~le}`klu }dh} ehii `},

▯ #_^FI@E ' }d`u edhlbn }pn `lm`eh}nu }dh} }dn `l}nvahen ka }dn gkmni kfcne}r`}d k}dnv kfcne}u dhu edhlbnm, Hu h vnu~i} ukgn gkmni kfcne}u }dh} ~un }dnedhlbnm kfcne} gh vnx~`vn nm`}`lb, Rdnl }dn nm`}`lb `u ekgpin}n k~ lnnm}k vnbnlnvh}n }dn heenuu ph}du hlm nt}nvlhi a~le}`klu }dh} ~un }dn edhlbnm

kfcne},

Akv nthgpin `a k~ edhlbn }dn phvhgn}nvu ka hl `l}nvlhi a~le}`kl k~ lnnm}k nm`} hii a~le}`klu }dh} ehii `} hlm }dnl vnbnlnvh}n hii nt}nvlhi a~le}`klu }dh}~un `},

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―48

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@gphe} Hlhiu`u

]dn edhlbn }pn mnpnlmu kl rd`ed h}}v`f~}nu ka h gkmni kfcne} hvn edhlbnm hlm`u mnv`qnm `l}nvlhii f Hmqhl}hbn 6N,

U`g~ih}`lb h Edhlbn }k h Gkmni Kfcne}

U`g~ih}`lb h edhlbn }k h gkmni kfcne} in}u k~ unn }dn `gphe} ka h pvkpkunmedhlbn kl k}dnv kfcne}u `l }dn gkmni fnakvn k~ he}~hii ghjn }dn edhlbn,U`g~ih}`kl `mnl}`a`nu rd`ed k}dnv gkmni kfcne}u lnnm }k fn nm`}nm kv bnlnvh}nm huh vnu~i} ka }dn pvkpkunm edhlbn,

Rdnl k~ edhlbn h gkmni kfcne} }dn kli kfcne}u }dh} ehl fn haane}nm f }dnedhlbn hvn }dkun }dh} ~un }dn edhlbnm kfcne}, Hu h vnu~i} h ghckv phv} kau`g~ih}`lb h edhlbn eklu`u}u ka ntphlm`lb ~uhbnu akv }dn kfcne} }k fn edhlbnm,

U~ppkun k~ rhl} }k edhlbn }dn inlb}d ka }dn Ek~vun ekmn a`nim, ]d`u `u h #_^FI@E

edhlbn: `l k}dnv rkvmu ukgn ~u`lb kfcne}u r`ii lnnm }k fn nm`}nm }k `lekvpkvh}n}dn edhlbn,

_ku`}`kl`lb }dn I`u} }k Ek~vun Ekmn

Avkg }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni pvnuu A2 }k m`upih }dn _ku`}`kl }dn I`u}r`lmkr, ]pn AIM akv }dn ]pn a`nim hlm }pn Ek~vun ekmn akv }dn Kfcne} a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv, ]pn 08 `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv akv Ek~vun ekmn hu udkrl }k m`upih }dnM`upih Gkmni ^uhbnu phlni,

1―46 ]~}kv`hi

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@gphe} Hlhiu`u

_vnuu Nl}nv,

_ku`}`kl`lb }dn ^uhbnu }k Ek~vun Ekmn

]k u`g~ih}n h edhlbn }k Ek~vun ekmn k~ a`vu} lnnm }k ikeh}n `}, U`len Ek~vunekmn dhu ghl ~uhbnu hl nhu rh }k ikeh}n `} `u }k ~un }dn pku`}`kl`lb kp}`klu,]pn Ek~vun ekmn `l }dn Kfcne} a`nim hlm }pn AIM `l }dn ]pn a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―45

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@gphe} Hlhiu`u

U`g~ih}`lb h #_^FI@E Edhlbn

_vnuu A65 }k m`upih hmm`}`klhi U~fa`in unine}kv kp}`klu, Kp}`kl 0> in}u k~u`g~ih}n h #_^FI@E edhlbn akv }dn unine}nm gkmni kfcne},

]pn 0> `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv akv Ek~vun ekmn,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih hii kfcne}u }dh} r`ii fn haane}nm f h #_^FI@E edhlbn }kEk~vun ekmn,

1―4= ]~}kv`hi

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@gphe} Hlhiu`u

@l}nvpvn}`lb }dn Vnu~i}u

Rdnl k~ u`g~ih}n h edhlbn Hmqhl}hbn 6N ntphlmu ~uhbnu akv }dn kfcne} }k fnedhlbnm ~p }k }dn a`vu} nt}nvlhi a~le}`kl akv nhed unx~nlen ka gkmni kfcne}u }dh}

~un `}, ]d`u `u `lm`eh}nm f #BNLA^L `l }dn Uekpn a`nim, @l hmm`}`kl kli }dkunkfcne}u }dh} lnnm }k fn nm`}nm kv bnlnvh}nm }k `gpingnl} }dn pvkpkunm edhlbn hvnm`upihnm lk} hii ~uhbnu,

Lk}n }dn l~gfnvu `l }dn Iqi eki~gl: }dn `lm`eh}n }dn ~uhbn inqni akv nhed ~u`lbkfcne}, ]dn He}`kl eki~gl `lm`eh}nu rdn}dnv }dn ~u`lb kfcne} lnnmu }k fn nm`}nm$NM]) kv vnbnlnvh}nm $BNL),

Hu k~ uevkii }dvk~bd }dn i`u} mk lk} fn eklenvlnm hfk~} rdh} hppnhv }k fnm~pi`eh}n nl}v`nu: }dn mk lk} `lm`eh}n nvvkvu,

Eklqnv}`lb }dn U`g~ih}`kl ^uhbnu }k h I`u}

@l kvmnv }k a~v}dnv u}~m }dn `gphe} ka k~v pvkpkunm edhlbn eklqnv} }dn ~uhbnum`upihnm }k h gkmni kfcne} i`u}, Fn u~vn }k b`qn `} h mnuev`p}`qn lhgn: akvnthgpin EK^VUNEKMN,

_vnuu A81 hlm }pn EK^VUNEKMN `l }dn Gkmni i`u} lhgn a`nim `l }dn r`lmkr}dh} m`upihu hu udkrl, U`len }d`u `u h lnr i`u} k~ ehl heenp} }dn mnah~i} akv }dnK~}i`u} kp}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv, Lk}`en }dn gnuuhbnu h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn r`lmkr hu Hmqhl}hbn 6Nevnh}nu }dn i`u} hlm eklqnv}u }dn m`upihnm ~uhbnu }k gkmni i`u} nl}v`nu,

_vnuu A5 }r`en }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Gkmni Kfcne} I`u} phlni, ^un }dn A2 jn }kvnpku`}`kl }dn unuu`kl i`u} }k }dn }kp hlm m`upih hii nl}v`nu,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―4>

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@gphe} Hlhiu`u

Kp}`klhi Ntnve`un

]pn EK^VUNEKMN `l }dn I`u} a`nim hlm pvnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn gkmnikfcne} i`u} k~ c~u} evnh}nm, ^un }dn A88 jn }k q`nr `lakvgh}`kl akv nhed i`u}

nl}v,

Rdnl k~ a`l`ud q`nr`lb }d`u i`u} }pn }dn lhgn ka k~v unuu`kl i`u} `l }dn I`u}a`nim hlm pvnuu Nl}nv,

Ekgpklnl} Edhlbn _vkenuu`lb

Ekgpklnl} edhlbn pvkenuu`lb vnanvu }k hl h~}kgh}nm `gphe} hlhiu`u }kki, Rdnlk~ u`g~ih}n h edhlbn k~ hvn `l naane} u`g~ih}`lb ekgpklnl} edhlbnpvkenuu`lb, ]dn m`aanvnlen u }dh} ekgpklnl} edhlbn pvkenuu`lb ~pmh}nu }dn HiiKfcne}u i`u} akv }dn edhlbnm kfcne} hlm hii kfcne}u haane}nm f }dn edhlbn

`lei~m`lb hl `lm`eh}`kl ka rdn}dnv }dn kfcne} lnnmu }k fn nm`}nm kv vnbnlnvh}nm,

Ekgpklnl} edhlbn pvkenuu`lb u kp}`klhi: k~ ekl}vki } ~u`lb }dn gkmni pvka`inhlm }dn Ekgpklnl} Edhlbn _vkenuu`lb $PEG_EDB) gkmni qhi~n, Pk~ ehledkkun }k v~l `} `l}nvhe}`qni f vnx~nu} kv `l fh}ed,

A~v}dnv m`ue~uu`kl ka }d`u }kki `u fnklm }dn uekpn ka }d`u }~}kv`hi: dkrnqnv }dnu`g~ih}`kl }kp`e udk~im dhqn b`qnl k~ ukgn ahg`i`hv`} r`}d }dn pvkenuu,Ekgpklnl} edhlbn pvkenuu`lb `u m`ue~uunm `l mn}h`i `l }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6Ngkm~in Bnlnvh}`lb hlm @gpingnl}`lb Hppi`eh}`klu,

Heenuu`lb Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu

H} }d`u pk`l} k~ ehl nt`} }dn gkmni f pvnuu`lb A5, @a k~ rhl} }k ekl}`l~n r`}d}dn }~}kv`hi k~ ehl ~un n`}dnv }dn Nm`} Gkmni $PNM]GMI) ekgghlm kv }dnU}hv} Hmqhl}hbn 6N $PU]VP6) ekgghlm }k vnnl}nv }dn gkmni h} }dn Nm`}Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni,

Akv nthgpin }pn PNM]GMI kl }dn ekgghlm i`ln,

1―41 ]~}kv`hi

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@gphe} Hlhiu`u

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Gh`l}h`l`lb Pk~v Hppi`eh}`kl 1―42

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Edhp}nv

2 Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu

]d`u edhp}nv mngklu}vh}nu }dn ~un ka }dn Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl $NM]]VL) a~le}`klr`}d h Uphl $U_L) heenuu ph}d hlm }dn ~un ka a~le}`kl a`nimu, ]d`u edhp}nv`l}vkm~enu }dn akiikr`lb }kp`eu,

▯ ]dn Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl ]pn

▯ Uphl Heenuu _h}d

▯ Mna`l`lb hl Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

▯ ^u`lb A~le}`kl A`nimu

▯ Mna`l`lb A~le}`kl A`nim _hvhgn}nvu

Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

]d`u }kp`e mngklu}vh}nu }dn ~un ka }dn Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl $NM]]VL) a~le}`kl r`}dh Uphl $U_L) heenuu ph}d,

Lnr }nvgu `l}vkm~enm

▯ Heenuu ph}d akvgh}

▯ Lnr phlniu `l}vkm~enm

▯ M`upih Heenuu _h}d Akvgh}u

Kfcne}`qnu

Pk~ r`ii upne`a h U_L heenuu ph}d fhunm kl }dn VHEN hlm VHEN NL]VP a`inu,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―8

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Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

Kqnvq`nr

]dn Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl a~le}`kl hiikru }rk mh}hfhun a`inu }k fn ~pmh}nmu`g~i}hlnk~ui, ]dn Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl a~le}`kl }pn vnx~`vnu h U_L heenuu ph}d

rd`ed `u h ikb`ehi a`in r`}d }rk akvgh}u,

@l kvmnv akv h U_L heenuu ph}d }k fn f~`i} kqnv }rk a`inu }dn }rk a`inu g~u} fnekllne}nm f h a`in'}k'a`in vnih}`kl: akv nthgpin hl Krlnm f vnih}`kl, ]dn Nm`}]vhluhe}`kl a~le}`kl pvkq`mnu h m`upih eklu`u}`lb ka h u~fa`in ekl}vki akvgh} akv}dn krl`lb a`in hlm h u~fa`in vnekvm akvgh} akv }dn krlnm a`in,

Pk~ r`ii un} ~p hl Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl a~le}`kl akv }dn VHEN hlm VHEN NL]VPa`inu, ]d`u pvkq`mnu }dn ahe`i`} }k nl}nv fk}d }dn vhen mn}h`iu hlm }dn vhen nl}vmn}h`iu akv h b`qnl vhen kl }dn uhgn `l}nvhe}`qn phlni,

Kqnvq`nr ka _vkenuu`lb U}npu

]k `gpingnl} }dn Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl a~le}`kl k~ r`ii3

8, Mna`ln hlm bnlnvh}n h U_L heenuu ph}d akv }dn VHEN hlm VHEN NL]VPa`inu,

6, Evnh}n }dn Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl a~le}`kl hlm gkm`a }dn mnq`en mnu`bl akv }dnNm`} Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl,

5, Bnlnvh}n uk~ven akv }dn a~le}`kl,

=, Ekgp`in }dn heenuu ph}d m`upih a in hlm pvkbvhg uk~ven,

2―6 ]~}kv`hi

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Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

Nl}nv`lb Pk~v Mnu`bl Gkmni

Vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlni akv k~v mnu`bl gkmni, Unine} }dnVHEN hlm VHEN NL]VP a`inu f }p`lb Vhen# kl }dn unine}`kl i`ln,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Evnh}`lb h Uphl Heenuu _h}d

Evnh}n h U_L heenuu ph}d kl }dn VHEN a`in, H U_L heenuu ph}d g~u} fn h}}hednm}k }dn a`in }dh} `u }k akvg }dn dnhmnv akvgh} ka }dn heenuu ph}d, @l }d`u ehun k~

r`ii evnh}n }dn U_L heenuu ph}d kqnv }dn VHEN a`in,

]pn S hbh`lu} hl vnih}`kl kl }dn VHEN a`in }k m`upih hii nt`u}`lb heenuu ph}du,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―5

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Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

_vnuu Nl}nv, ]dn Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu phlni m`upihu,

Mna`l`lb }dn Uphl Heenuu _h}d

]k upne`a }dn U_L heenuu ph}d k~ lnnm }k3

8, Mna`ln }rk heenuu ph}d a`in akvgh}u kln akv }dn u~fa`in ekl}vki $dnhmnv) hlmkln akv }dn u~fa`in vnekvm $mn}h`i)

6, Upne`a }dn jnu akv }dkun akvgh}u

Mna`ln }dn lnr heenuu ph}d f ehii`lb `} Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu ka }pn U_L, ]pn }dnheenuu ph}d }pn lhgn hlm S,

_vnuu Nl}nv, ]dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu phlni m`upihu,

Nl}nv`lb }dn Heenuu _h}d Akvgh}u

Hl heenuu ph}d akvgh} mna`lnu h q`nr ~pkl h pdu`ehi a`in, F mnah~i} `} ghjnu hiika }dn lkl'q`v}~hi nl}v`nu `l }dh} a`in hqh`ihfin, Hl heenuu ph}d akvgh} ehl fnmna`lnm hu h i`u} ka heenuu ph}d vnih}`klu }dh} r`ii fn vnukiqnm `l}k h i`u} ka a`nimnl}v`nu, Vnih}`klu ehl fn vngkqnm avkg h q`nr kl }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Vnih}`kluphlni,

Rdnl k~ pvnq`k~ui ~unm }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu phlni }dn heenuu ph}dakvgh} rhu h~}kgh}`ehii pvkq`mnm, Akv }dn U_L heenuu ph}d k~ g~u} ntpi`e`}ihmm }dn akvgh}u, Lk}n }dh} `} `u `gpkv}hl} }dh} k~ hmm }dn akvgh}u `l }dn ekvvne}unx~nlen3 dnhmnv akvgh} a`vu} mn}h`i akvgh} uneklm,

2―= ]~}kv`hi

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Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

_vnuu A0 }k m`upih }dn M`upih Heenuu _h}d Akvgh}u phlni rdnvn k~ r`ii hmm}dn akvgh} akv }dn u~fa`in ekl}vki $dnhmnv),

Unine}`lb }dn A`vu} Heenuu _h}d Akvgh}

]dn M`upih Heenuu _h}d Akvgh}u phlni udkru k~ }dn a`inu }dh} k~ ehl unine}akv }dn U_L heenuu ph}d, @l }d`u ehun }dn }rk a`inu udkrl hvn ekllne}nm }k }dnVHEN a`in f hl Krlnm f hlm h Mna`lnm hu vnih}`kl,

Unine} }dn VHEN akvgh} r`}d T,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―>

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Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

Ekla`vg`lb Unine}`kl ka }dn A`vu} Akvgh}

]dn unine}`kl ka }dn a`vu} akvgh} akv }dn U_L heenuu ph}d Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu dhulkr fnnl ekla`vgnm, _vnuu A0 }k hmm h uneklm akvgh} akv }dn u~fa`in vnekvm

$mn}h`i),

Upne`a`lb }dn Uneklm Akvgh}

]dn M`upih Heenuu _h}d Akvgh}u phlni m`upihu udkr`lb }dn a`in'}k'a`in vnih}`kluakv }dn VHEN a`in, ]pn T }k unine} }dn Vhen Nl}v akvgh} akv }dn u~fa`in vnekvm,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu phlni,

2―1 ]~}kv`hi

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Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

Hmm`lb Q`v}~hi A`nimu }k }dn Heenuu _h}d Akvgh}u

Rdnl }dn nlm ~unv nl}nvu vhenu hlm vhen nl}v`nu `} rk~im fn dnipa~i }k dhqn }dnakiikr`lb q`v}~hi a`nimu m`upih kl }dn `l}nvhe}`qn phlni3 Ek~vun lhgn Dkvun

lhgn hlm Ckejn lhgn, Hu gnl}`klnm pvnq`k~ui nhed heenuu ph}d `l`}`hiiekl}h`lu hii ka }dn vnih}`klu akv }dn a`in kl rd`ed `} `u fhunm f~} lkln ka }dnq`v}~hi nl}v`nu, Hu h vnu~i} `a k~ rhl} q`v}~hi a`nimu `lei~mnm kl }dn }rk akvgh}uakv }dn Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu heenuu ph}d k~ lnnm }k hmm }dng ntpi`e`}i,

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii hmm }dnun q`v}~hi a`nimu }k }dn Vhen hlm Vhen Nl}v heenuuph}d akvgh}u, ]pn Q `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv akv fk}d }dn Vhen akvgh} hlm }dnVhen Nl}v akvgh},

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―2

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Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

]dn Q`v}~hi`sn Heenuu _h}d phlni m`upihu udkr`lb }dn q`v}~hi a`nim Ek~vunlhgn }dh} ehl fn hmmnm }k }dn Vhen heenuu ph}d akvgh},

_vnuu Nl}nv }k hmm }dn Ek~vun lhgn q`v}~hi a`nim }k }dn Vhen heenuu ph}d akvgh},

H Ekla`vg pvkgp} m`upihu `l }dn ikrnv v`bd}'dhlm ekvlnv ka }dn phlni,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k ekla`vg }dn hmm`}`kl ka }dn Ek~vun lhgn q`v}~hi a`nim,

2―4 ]~}kv`hi

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Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

Hmqhl}hbn 6N hbh`l m`upihu }dn Q`v}~hi`sn Heenuu _h}d phlni udkr`lb }dnq`v}~hi a`nimu }dh} ehl fn hmmnm }k }dn Vhen Nl}v heenuu ph}d akvgh}, @l }d`u ehun}dn q`v}~hi a`nimu hvn Dkvun lhgn hlm Ckejn lhgn,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k hmm }dnun q`v}~hi a`nimu }k }dn Vhen Nl}v heenuu ph}d akvgh}, HEkla`vg pvkgp} m`upihu `l }dn ikrnv v`bd}'dhlm ekvlnv ka }dn phlni,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k ekla`vg }dn hmm`}`kl ka }dn Dkvun lhgn hlm Ckejn lhgn q`v}~hi

a`nimu hlm vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu phlni,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―0

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Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

Mn}h`iu akv }dn A`vu} Heenuu _h}d Akvgh}

]dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu phlni m`upihu fk}d akvgh}u, Lnt} m`upih }dnmn}h`iu akv }dn heenuu ph}d akvgh} f skkg`lb hbh`lu} }dn Vhen heenuu ph}d

akvgh}, ]d`u m`upihu }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Akvgh} Nl}v`nu phlni,

]pn S hbh`lu} }dn Vhen heenuu ph}d akvgh},

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Upne`a`lb }dn Jn akv }dn A`vu} Heenuu _h}d Akvgh}

]dn lnt} u}np `u }k ednej }dn jnu ka }dn Vhen heenuu ph}d akvgh}, Pk~ ghupne`a hl ka }dn a`nimu avkg }dn VHEN a`in hu jnu `l n`}dnv huenlm`lb kvmnuenlm`lb kvmnv, Dkrnqnv }dnvn g~u} fn h ekggkl jn fn}rnnl }dn }rkakvgh}u, Akv nthgpin }dn dnhmnv vnekvm jn a`nimu g~u} fn phv} ka }dn mn}h`ivnekvm‐u jn,

2―8? ]~}kv`hi

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Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

]dn jnu r`ii fn mnah~i}nm }k }dn jnu hu upne`a`nm f }dn a`in vnih}`klu, @l }dn ehunka }rk a`inu i`ljnm f hl Krlnm f vnih}`kl }dn mnah~i} jnu hvn vnekggnlmnm,@a }dn }rk a`in akvgh}u hvn i`ljnm f h Vnanvu }k vnih}`kl k~ lnnm }k edhlbn }dnjn kvmnv,

Fneh~un `l }d`u nthgpin VHEN NL]VP `u Krlnm f VHEN pvnuu Nl}nv }k heenp}}dn mnah~i}u,

_vnuu A5 }k nt`} hlm vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu phlni,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―88

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Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

Mn}h`iu akv }dn Uneklm Heenuu _h}d Akvgh}

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii skkg `l}k }dn Vhen Nl}v heenuu ph}d akvgh} }k ednej `}u jn,

]pn S hbh`lu} }dn Vhen Nl}v heenuu ph}d akvgh},

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn jnu Ek~vun ekmn Vhen mh}n Vhen }`gn hlm Nl}v l~gfnv dhqn fnnlunine}nm f mnah~i} }k fn }dn jnu ka }dn akvgh} u`len }dnun hvn }dn jnu hu mna`lnmf }dn a`in vnih}`klu akv }dn VHEN NL]VP a`in,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k ekla`vg }dn jnu,

_vnuu A85 }k nt`} hlm vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu phlni,

2―86 ]~}kv`hi

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Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

Vnx~nu}`lb Fh}ed Bnlnvh}`kl ka }dn U_L Heenuu _h}d

Pk~ dhqn lkr a`l`udnm }dn mna`l`}`kl ka }dn Vhenu hlm Nl}v`nu U_L heenuu ph}d,Vnx~nu} fh}ed bnlnvh}`kl ka }dn Vhenu hlm Nl}v`nu heenuu ph}d f }p`lb C hbh`lu}

`}

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii mna`ln h a~le}`kl ka }pn Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl $NM]]VL),

Kfcne}`qnu

Pk~ r`ii evnh}n hl Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl a~le}`kl akv }dn VHEN hlm VHEN NL]VPa`inu, ]dn lhgn ka }dn a~le}`kl r`ii fn Nm`} Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu hlm `} r`ii ~un }dnU_L heenuu ph}d Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu k~ c~u} evnh}nm, ]d`u r`ii pvkq`mn }dn ahe`i`}}k nl}nv fk}d }dn vhen mn}h`iu hlm }dn vhen nl}v mn}h`iu akv h b`qnl vhen kl h u`lbinphlni,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―85

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Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

Mna`l`lb }dn Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

Avkg }dn Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu phlni k~ ehl }vhluanv m`vne}i }k }dn Nm`} A~le}`kluphlni akv }dn VHEN a`in f pvnuu`lb A2,

_vnuu A2 }k heenuu }dn Nm`} A~le}`klu phlni,

]pn }dn a~le}`kl mn}h`iu: lhgni }pn Nm`} Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu akv }dn A~le}`kllhgn NM]]VL akv }dn A~le}`kl }pn Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu akv }dn Heenuu ph}d hlmU }k nm`} }dn mnq`en mnu`bl,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k evnh}n }dn Nm`} Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl hlm m`upih }dn mnq`enmnu`bl,

2―8= ]~}kv`hi

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Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

]dn Mnah~i} Mnq`en Mnu`bl

]dn mnah~i} mnq`en mnu`bl akv }dn Nm`} Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl udk~im ikkj i`jn}dn phlni fnikr, Lk}n }dh} }dn u~fa`in ekl}vki $dnhmnv) `u pku`}`klnm h} }dn }kp

r`}d }dn u~fa`in vnekvm $mn}h`i) fnikr, ]dn ekggkl jn ka }dn }rk a`in akvgh}um`upihu kli `l }dn u~fa`in ekl}vki hlm he}u hu hl `gpi`e`} vnu}v`e}kv phvhgn}nv }k}dn u~fa`in mn}h`i vnekvmu,

Lk}n hiuk }dn q`v}~hi a`nimu Ek~vun lhgn Dkvun lhgn hlm Ckejn lhgn, @a k~dhm lk} ntpi`e`}i hmmnm }dnun a`nimu }k }dn akvgh}u ka }dn U_L heenuu ph}d }dnrk~im lk} hppnhv kl }d`u m`upih,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―8>

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Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

]dn Gkm`a`nm Mnq`en Mnu`bl

^pmh}n }d`u mnah~i} mnq`en mnu`bl }k ikkj i`jn }dn kln udkrl kl }dn lnt} phlni,^un }dn a~le}`kl jnu k~ ~unm }k nm`} }dn mnq`en mnu`bl akv }dn Nm`} Dkvun hlm

Unine} Dkvun a~le}`klu nhvi`nv `l }d`u }~}kv`hi,

Lk}n3 ]k gkqn h a`nim }k hlk}dnv pku`}`kl kl }dn phlni pihen }dn e~vukv kl }dna`nim }k fn gkqnm hlm pvnuu A4, _ku`}`kl }dn e~vukv kl }dn a`nim }dh} hppnhvufnakvn }dn mnu`vnm pku`}`kl akv }dn a`nim k~ hvn gkq`lb, _vnuu A4, Akv nthgpinpihen }dn e~vukv kl }dn A`l`ud`lb pku`}`kl a`nim hlm pvnuu A4, ]dnl pku`}`kl }dne~vukv kl }dn Dkvun lhgn a`nim hlm pvnuu A4 hbh`l, ]d`u gkqnu }dn A`l`ud`lbpku`}`kl a`nim ha}nv Dkvun lhgn,

Mna`l`lb Kp}`klhi Nl}v A`nimu

Pk~ dhqn lkr ~pmh}nm }dn mnq`en mnu`bl }k gnn} }dn `l`}`hi vnx~`vngnl}u,Dkrnqnv f mnah~i} Hmqhl}hbn 6N mna`lnu hii `lp~}'ehphfin a`nimu hu vnx~`vnmnl}v a`nimu, ]k hiikr }dn nlm ~unv }k nl}nv vhen nl}v`nu r`}dk~} upne`a`lb hii }dnmn}h`iu hfk~} }dkun nl}v`nu k~ ehl ghjn ukgn ka }dn a`nimu kp}`klhi, Lk}n }dh}kli lkl'jn a`nimu ehl fn kp}`klhi,

2―81 ]~}kv`hi

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Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

]k ghjn ukgn ka }dn a`nimu `l }dn VHEN NL]VP a`in kp}`klhi pku`}`kl }dn e~vukvkl h a`nim `l }dn a`vu} u~fa`in vnekvm,

_vnuu A2,

]d`u m`upihu }dn vnih}`klu akv }dn u~fa`in vnekvm akvgh}, Pk~ upne`a kp}`klhivnih}`klu f }p`lb K hbh`lu} }dn vnih}`klu,

]pn K hbh`lu} }dn vnih}`klu,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―82

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Uphl Heenuu _h}d hlm Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl A~le}`kl

_vnuu Vkii ^p }k q`nr }dn vngh`l`lb vnih}`klu i`u}nm, ]pn K hbh`lu} }dn vnih}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k ekla`vg }dn edhlbnu }k }dn akvgh} vnih}`klu, Lk}n }dh} }dn qhi~nu `l}dn Ednej eki~gl edhlbnm avkg VNX^@VNM }k K_]@KLHI,

_vnuu Vkii Mkrl }k q`nr }dn fnb`ll`lb ka }dn i`u} ka vnih}`klu,

_vnuu A5 vn}~vl }k }dn mnq`en mnu`bl,

2―84 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

Pk~ r`ii lkr hmm a~le}`kl a`nimu }k k~v mnq`en mnu`bl,

Lnr }nvgu `l}vkm~enm

▯ A~le}`kl a`nim

▯ Lnr phlniu `l}vkm~enm

▯ Nm`} Mnq`en A~le}`kl A`nim

Kfcne}`qnu

Hmm h lnr a`nim }k }dn u~fa`in ekl}vki akvgh} ka }dn Nm`} ]vhluhe}`kl phlni }dh}udkru }dn l~gfnv ka dkvunu }dh} a`l`udnm }dn vhen, ]k mk uk k~ r`ii mna`ln ha~le}`kl a`nim ekl}h`l`lb }dn }k}hi l~gfnv ka vhen nl}v`nu dhq`lb hl Nl}v U}h}~uka A`l`udnm,

Kqnvq`nr ka A~le}`kl A`nimu

A~le}`kl a`nimu hvn lkl'mh}hfhun a`nimu }dh} gh fn ~unm `l mnq`en mnu`blu hlmhe}`kl m`hbvhgu, ]dn uhgn a~le}`kl a`nim ehl fn ~unm `l ghl m`aanvnl}a~le}`klu,

]dnvn hvn u`t }pnu kv ~uhbnu ka a~le}`kl a`nimu, Ak~v pvkq`mn u}hlmhvm a`nim'inqni a~le}`klu3 U^G G@L GHT hlm EL]: }rk hvn ~unv'mna`lnm hlm in} k~mna`ln k~v krl a~le}`kl a`nimu3 ^UV hlm MVQ,

A~le}`kl a`nim phvhgn}nvu upne`a rd`ed a`nim qhi~nu hvn }k fn phuunm `l}k }dna~le}`kl a`nim h} ntne~}`kl }`gn hlm rd`ed a`nim `u }k fn vn}~vlnm avkg }dna~le}`kl a`nim hu }dn vnu~i}, Hii a~le}`kl a`nimu r`}d }dn ntenp}`kl ka ^UV a`nimudhqn kln k~}p~} phvhgn}nv }dn a~le}`kl a`nim `}unia, ]dn uu}ng'mna`lnm a~le}`kla`nimu dhqn h u`lbin `lp~} phvhgn}nv, Mnv`qnm a~le}`kl a`nimu ka ~uhbn MVQ hvnupne`a`nm `l }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg hlm ehl dhqn ~p }k l`ln `lp~} phvhgn}nvu,

Hmm`lb A~le}`kl A`nimu

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii mna`ln h a~le}`kl a`nim ka ~uhbn MVQ }k nqhi~h}n rdn}dnv kv

lk} h b`qnl vhen nl}v a`l`udnm h vhen, ]dn MVQ a`nim r`ii ekl}h`l h qhi~n ka 8 `a}dn dkvun a`l`udnm hlm ? `a `} m`m lk}, Pk~ r`ii hiuk mna`ln h a~le}`kl a`nim r`}d h~uhbn ka U^G }k ehie~ih}n }dn l~gfnv ka a`l`udnvu, ]dn u~g ka }dn qhi~nu `l }dnMVQ a~le}`kl a`nim b`qnu }dn ek~l} ka }dn l~gfnv ka a`l`udnvu,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―80

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

_ku`}`kl }dn e~vukv kl }dn a`nim }dh} `u }k fn m`upihnm kl }dn phlni fnakvn }dna~le}`kl a`nim `l }d`u ehun Dhlm`ehp,

_vnuu A80 }k m`upih }dn Nm`} Mnq`en A~le}`kl A`nim phlni,

Lhg`lb }dn A~le}`kl A`nim

@a }dn a~le}`kl a`nim hivnhm nt`u}u hlm k~ jlkr `}u lhgn k~ ehl a`ii `l }dnlhgn kl }dn Nm`} Mnq`en A~le}`kl A`nim phlni, K}dnvr`un }pn h ; }k m`upihnt`u}`lb a`nimu,

]pn ; akv }dn A`nim lhgn,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

2―6? ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

M`upih`lb Nt`u}`lb A`nimu

]dn ; m`upihu h i`u} ka hii nt`u}`lb a`nimu, Pk~ ehl unine} hl nt`u}`lb a~le}`kl a`nimkv k~ ehl evnh}n h lnr kln, @l }d`u }~}kv`hi k~ r`ii evnh}n }rk lnr a~le}`kl

a`nimu,

Mna`l`lb ]rk Lnr A~le}`kl A`nimu

]k hmm }dn a~le}`kl a`nimu k~ vnx~`vn pvnuu A8? }k m`upih }dn Mna`ln Kfcne}uphlni, Pk~ ehl mna`ln fk}d a~le}`kl a`nimu h} }d`u pk`l},

Dnvn hvn }dn mn}h`iu akv }dn }rk a~le}`kl a`nimu3

A`l`udnm vhen”h a~le}`kl a`nim }dh} hppnhvu kl nhed u~fa`in vnekvm hlm nqhi~h}nurdn}dnv kv lk} }dn dkvun a`l`udnm h vhen, @}u qhi~n `u mnv`qnm avkg }dn qhi~nka }dn Nl}v U}h}~u a`nim, ]d`u vnx~`vnu h ~uhbn ka MVQ, Pk~ ehl nm`} }dnmnah~i} a`nim mn}h`iu m`vne}i f }p`lb P `l Nm`} a`nim,

Lk, ka a`l`udnvu”h a~le}`kl a`nim `l }dn u~fa`in ekl}vki hlm `u h u~g ka }dn qhi~nu`l }dn A`l`udnm vhen a`nim ka nhed u~fa`in vnekvm, @} `u mna`lnm hu h VNA a`nimfhunm kl }dn a`nim A`l`udnm vhen,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―68

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

]pn }dn lnr a~le}`kl a`nimu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Kqnvv`m`lb }dn A`nim Mnah~i}u

U`len k~ upne`a`nm P akv Nm`} a`nim k~ r`ii fn udkrl }dn a`nim mn}h`iu akv }dnA`l`udnm vhen a`nim, Pk~ ehl lkr edhlbn }dn `l}nvlhi a`nim inlb}d }k 5 avkg }dnNm`} A`nim Mn}h`iu phlni, ]pn 5 akv `l}nvlhi inlb}d hlm pvnuu A`nim Nt`},

_vnuu Nl}nv, _vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn M`upih A`nimu phlni,

2―66 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

M`upih`lb }dn A~le}`kl A`nimu

]dn M`upih A`nimu phlni lkr dhu k~v lnr a~le}`kl a`nimu m`upihnm, Lk}n }dh}k~ lnnm }k pvnuu Vkii ^p }k q`nr }dn Lk, ka a`l`udnvu a~le}`kl a`nim,

]pn _ hbh`lu} A`l`udnm vhen hu udkrl }k nm`} `}u phvhgn}nvu,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu phlni,

Mna`l`lb A~le}`kl A`nim _hvhgn}nvu

Lnt} k~ hvn bk`lb }k upne`a }dh} Nl}v U}h}~u `u hl `lp~} phvhgn}nv }k }dnA`l`udnm vhen a~le}`kl a`nim, Pk~ r`ii ~un }dn uhgn Nm`} A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvuphlni k~ ~unm }k upne`a a~le}`kl phvhgn}nvu nhvi`nv `l }d`u }~}kv`hi,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―65

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

]pn }dn mn}h`iu akv }dn Nl}v U}h}~u phvhgn}nv hu udkrl, ]dn ~uhbn ka }d`uphvhgn}nv mnah~i}u }k `lp~}, Ednej }dn phvhgn}nv ~uhbn f hiuk }p`lb S hbh`lu}}dn a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv, ]dn Nm`} A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nv Mn}h`iu phlni m`upihu udkr`lb }dn^uhbn akv Nl}v U}h}~u hu @ $`lp~}),

_vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu phlni,

]dn mnv`qnm $MVQ) a~le}`kl a`nim `}unia A`l`udnm vhen `u h~}kgh}`ehii mna`lnm huhl k~}p~} phvhgn}nv, Ednej }d`u f m`upih`lb }dn phvhgn}nv mn}h`iu, ]pn S hbh`lu} }dn A`l`udnm vhen a`nim }k m`upih }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nv Mn}h`iuphlni, Lk}n }dh} }dn ^uhbn akv }d`u phvhgn}nv `u K $k~}p~}),

_vnuu A5 }r`en }k nt`} hlm vn}~vl }k }dn M`upih A`nimu phlni,

2―6= ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

Unine}`lb }dn A~le}`kl A`nim

Pk~ dhqn c~u} a`l`udnm mneihv`lb }dn a~le}`kl a`nimu `l Hmqhl}hbn 6N, Ha}nvvn}~vl`lb }k }dn M`upih A`nimu phlni k~ lnnm }k unine} }dn A`l`udnm vhen

a~le}`kl a`nim akv `lei~u`kl kl }dn mnq`en mnu`bl, A`vu} }pn A`l`udnm `l }dnpku`}`klnv i`ln hlm pvnuu Nl}nv }k pku`}`kl }k }dn lnr a~le}`kl a`nimu,

]pn T lnt} }k A`l`udnm vhen,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―6>

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

Heenp}`lb }dn _hvhgn}nvu

]dn Nm`} He}`kl ' A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu r`lmkr `u m`upihnm udkr`lb }dn phvhgn}nvuakv }dn A`l`udnm vhen a~le}`kl a`nim, Lk}n }dh} }dn `lp~} phvhgn}nv `u Nl}v U}h}~u

}dn k~}p~} phvhgn}nv `u A`l`udnm vhen hlm fk}d phvhgn}nvu dhqn }dn VEM$u~fa`in vnekvm) ekl}nt},

_vnuu Nl}nv }k heenp} }dn mnah~i} phvhgn}nvu hlm vn}~vl }k }dn mnq`en mnu`bl,

]dn Gkm`a`nm Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Ha}nv vn}~vl`lb }k }dn mnq`en mnu`bl lk}n }dh} }dn A`l`udnm vhen a~le}`kl a`nim dhufnnl hmmnm }k }dn u~fa`in vnekvm,

2―61 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

Lk}n }dh} u`len }dn mnq`en mnu`bl ntennmu }dn i`g`}u ka }dn phlni k~ r`ii lnnm }khmc~u} }d`u mnq`en mnu`bl ih}nv `l }dn }~}kv`hi,

_vnuu A5 }k nt`} hlm m`upih }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl Mnq`enu phlni,

Mna`l`lb h A~le}`kl A`nim He}`kl M`hbvhg

Pk~ r`ii lkr mna`ln }dn he}`kl akv }dn ~unv'mna`lnm $MVQ) a~le}`kl a`nim )A`l`udnm vhen, ]d`u r`ii vnx~`vn nl}nv`lb ikb`e `l}k }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg akv }dn Nm`}Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl,

_vnuu A> }k q`nr }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg akv }dn Nm`} Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl,

_vnuu A> }k q`nr }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg ^unv _k`l}u,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―62

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

Vnehii }dh} }dn ~unv pk`l}u hvn }dn pihenu `l }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg }dh} k~ ehledhlbn,

_vnuu Vkii ^p }k unn }dn lnt} un} ka ~unv pk`l}u,

]pn S hbh`lu} }dn EHIE3 U~fa`in vnekvm a~le}`kl a`nimu ~unv pk`l},

_vnuu Nl}nv, Lk}n }dh} Hmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehii `lunv}nm }dn A`l`udnm Vhen

a~le}`kl a`nim `l }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg akv }dn Nm`} Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl,

2―64 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

]pn S hbh`lu} A`l`udnm Vhen hu udkrl }k `lunv} ikb`e akv }dn a~le}`kl a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Hmm`lb h EHUN Eklu}v~e}

]dn he}`kl m`hbvhg akv }dn a~le}`kl a`nim A`l`udnm vhen r`ii fn m`upihnm, Lk}n}dh} k~ hvn lkr nm`}`lb }dn A`l`udnm vhen a~le}`kl hu udkrl `l }dn ~ppnv v`bd}ekvlnv ka }dn phlni, Pk~ r`ii ~un }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg Nm`}kv }k `lunv} }dnakiikr`lb eklm`}`klu hlm he}`klu akv }dn A`l`udnm vhen a~le}`kl a`nim,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―60

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

]pn @E,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Hmm`lb hl He}`kl

@lunv} hl he}`kl `l}k }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg, ]pn @H,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

2―5? ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

Hmm`lb h Uneklm Eklm`}`kl

Hmm hlk}dnv eklm`}`kl }k }dn EHUN eklu}v~e} f }p`lb @T hbh`lu} }dn a`vu} (((Lnr eklm`}`kl hu udkrl, Vnehii }dh} @T `lunv}u h lnr eklm`}`kl r`}d`l h EHUN

eklu}v~e},

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Hmm`lb h Uneklm He}`kl

Hmm hlk}dnv he}`kl }k }dn EHUN eklu}v~e} f }p`lb @H hbh`lu} }dn uneklm (((

Lnr eklm`}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―58

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

Mna`l`lb }dn Eklm`}`klu hlm He}`klu

]k mna`ln }dn eklm`}`klu hlm he}`klu }pn A hbh`lu} }dng hii hlm pvnuu Nl}nv,Vnehii }dh} A in}u k~ nm`} }dn he}`kl kv eklm`}`kl mn}h`iu akv h i`ln `l }dn he}`kl

m`hbvhg,

]pn A hbh`lu} }dn eklm`}`klu hlm he}`klu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Upne`a`lb }dn A`vu} Eklm`}`kl

]dn a`vu} eklm`}`kl upne`a`nu }dh} }dn he}`kl `u kli }k fn ntne~}nm `a }dn Nl}vU}h}~u `u A`l`udnm,

2―56 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

]pn }dn mn}h`iu hu udkrl, ]pn _HV $phvhgn}nv) akv }dn ekl}nt} Nl}vp U}h}~u akv }dn A`nim hlm ; `l }dn eklm`}`kl a`nim }k q`nr h i`u} ka }dn hqh`ihfin eklm`}`klu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Mna`l`lb A`nim Eklm`}`klu akv }dn U}h}~u A`nim

@a k~ ekgpin}nm }dn nhvi`nv ntnve`un ka mna`l`lb eklm`}`klu akv }dn Nl}v U}h}~ua`nim }dn Nm`} A`nim ' Eklm`}`kl r`lmkr phlni r`ii `lei~mn }dn i`u} ka eklm`}`kluudkrl dnvn, @a k~ dhqn lk} hivnhm mkln uk k~ ehl hmm }dng h} }d`u pk`l},

]pn T hbh`lu} }dn eklm`}`kl A`l`udnm,

_vnuu Nl}nv }r`en,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―55

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

Upne`a`lb }dn A`vu} He}`kl

Pk~ dhqn c~u} a`l`udnm mna`l`lb }dn a`vu} eklm`}`kl `l }dn EHUN eklu}v~e} k~ hvnmna`l`lb, Fneh~un k~ hiuk }pnm A hbh`lu} }dn a`vu} he}`kl `l }dn EHUN eklu}v~e}

Hmqhl}hbn 6N m`upihu }dn Nm`} He}`kl ' A~le}`kl Lhgn r`lmkr }k upne`a }dnhe}`kl, @l }d`u ehun }dn he}`kl r`ii fn }dn f~`i}'`l a~le}`kl #GKQN,

]dn he}`kl k~ hvn upne`a`lb `u ntne~}nm rdnl }dn a`vu} eklm`}`kl `u }v~n:lhgni rdnl Nl}v U}h}~u `u A`l`udnm, ]dn he}`kl `u }k vn}~vl h eklu}hl} qhi~n kakln `l }dn A`l`udnm vhen a~le}`kl a`nim,

Inhqn }dn A~le}`kl a`in a`nim fihlj }k `lm`eh}n h f~`i}'`l a~le}`kl hlm }pn#GKQN,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k nl}nv phvhgn}nv mn}h`iu akv }dn #GKQN a~le}`kl,

2―5= ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

]pn }dn mn}h`iu akv }dn #GKQN phvhgn}nvu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Upne`a`lb }dn Uneklm Eklm`}`kl

Fneh~un k~ }pnm A hbh`lu} }dn uneklm lnr eklm`}`kl `l }dn he}`kl m`hbvhgEHUN eklu}v~e} Hmqhl}hbn 6N m`upihu }dn Nm`} He}`kl ' Eklm`}`kl r`lmkr,]dn uneklm eklm`}`kl upne`a`nu }dn he}`kl }k fn ntne~}nm `l hii ehunu k}dnv }dhl}dh} upne`a`nm `l }dn a`vu} eklm`}`kl, H upne`hi qhi~n ka #K]DNVR@UN `u ~unm akv}d`u ehun,

Vngkqn hii }dn ; hlm upne`a #K]DNVR@UN akv }dn eklm`}`kl,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―5>

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Mna`l`lb }dn Uneklm He}`kl

Fneh~un k~ }pnm A hbh`lu} }dn uneklm he}`kl Hmqhl}hbn 6N m`upihu }dn Nm`}He}`kl ' A~le}`kl Lhgn r`lmkr, Akv }dn uneklm he}`kl k~ r`ii upne`a }dnhe}`kl }k }hjn rdnl }dn a`vu} eklm`}`kl `u lk} }v~n, ]dn he}`kl `u }k vn}~vl h qhi~nka snvk `l }dn A`l`udnm vhen a~le}`kl a`nim, Pk~ r`ii hbh`l ~un }dn #GKQN f~`i}'`la~le}`kl,

Inhqn }dn A~le}`kl a`in a`nim fihlj hlm upne`a }dn #GKQN a~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k nl}nv phvhgn}nv mn}h`iu akv }dn #GKQN a~le}`kl,

2―51 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

]pn }dn mn}h`iu akv }dn #GKQN phvhgn}nvu,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k heenp} }dn phvhgn}nvu hlm vn}~vl }k }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg Nm`}kv,

Ekgpin}n He}`kl M`hbvhg

]dn ekgpin}nm he}`kl m`hbvhg udk~im ikkj i`jn }d`u,

_vnuu A85 }k nt`} }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg akv }dn A`l`udnm vhen a~le}`kl a`nim,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―52

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

Heenp} }dn mnah~i} ka P }k uhqn }dn A`l`udnm vhen a~le}`kl a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vn}~vl }k }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg akv }dn Nm`} Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl,

_vnuu A85 }k nt`} }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg akv }dn Nm`} Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl,

2―54 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

Heenp} }dn mnah~i} ka P }k uhqn }dn a~le}`kl mna`l`}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Vn}~vl`lb }k }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Pk~ dhqn lkr a`l`udnm mna`l`lb }dn A`l`udnm vhen a~le}`kl a`nim, Vn}~vl }k }dnmnq`en mnu`bl }k mna`ln }dn Lk, ka a`l`udnvu a~le}`kl a`nim,

]pn U hbh`lu} }dn Nm`} Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―50

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

Hmm`lb }dn Uneklm A~le}`kl A`nim

Hmm }dn uneklm a~le}`kl a`nim }k }dn dnhmnv akvgh} $u~fa`in ekl}vki), _ku`}`kl }dne~vukv kl }dn a`nim fnakvn }dn mnu`vnm ikeh}`kl akv }dn a~le}`kl a`nim `l }d`u ehun

_v`sn gkln hlm pvnuu A80,

Upne`a`lb }dn Uneklm A~le}`kl A`nim

]dn vnx~`vnm a`nim hivnhm nt`u}u: hu h vnu~i} k~ ehl }pn }dn lhgn Lk, kaa`l`udnvu m`vne}i, Hi}nvlh}`qni k~ ek~im }pn ; }k kf}h`l h unine}`kl i`u},

]pn }dn a~le}`kl a`nim lhgn Lk, ka A`l`udnvu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

2―=? ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

Mna`l`lb _hvhgn}nvu akv }dn Lk, ka a`l`udnvu A~le}`kl A`nim

]dn phvhgn}nvu akv }dn Lk, ka a`l`udnvu a~le}`kl a`nim hvn mnah~i}nm, ]dn `lp~}phvhgn}nv `u A`l`udnm vhen avkg }dn VEM $u~fa`in vnekvm) ekl}nt}: }dn k~}p~}

phvhgn}nv `u }dn Lk, ka a`l`udnvu a~le}`kl a`nim `}unia `l }dn E]I $u~fa`in ekl}vki)ekl}nt}, Vnehii }dh} k~ mna`lnm }dn Lk, ka a`l`udnvu a~le}`kl a`nim r`}d }dn U^Ga`nim ~uhbn, ]d`u eh~unu }dn qhi~nu `l }dn `lp~} phvhgn}nv a`nim $A`l`udnm vhen) akvnhed mn}h`i vnekvm }k h~}kgh}`ehii fn hmmnm }kbn}dnv hlm }dn u~g }k fn pihenm`l }dn k~}p~} phvhgn}nv $Lk, ka a`l`udnvu),

_vnuu Nl}nv }k heenp} }dn mnah~i} phvhgn}nvu hu udkrl,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―=8

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

]dn Hmmnm A~le}`kl A`nim

]dn Lk, ka A`l`udnvu a`nim r`ii fn hmmnm }k }dn u~fa`in ekl}vki akvgh},

Vnhmc~u}`lb }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Hmc~u} }dn mnq`en mnu`bl uk }dh} hii a`nimu a`} kl }dn phlni, Gkqn }dn Lk, kaa`l`udnvu a~le}`kl a`nim }k h lnr i`ln hlm d`mn }dn A`l`udnm vhen a~le}`kl a`nim uk}dh} `} `u lk} m`upihnm,

]k mk }dn ih}}nv pku`}`kl }dn e~vukv kl }dn a`nim hlm pvnuu Nl}nv, ]dn Nm`} Uevnnl

Nl}v Mn}h`iu phlni m`upihu, Edhlbn }dn @+K ~uhbn akv }dn a`nim }k d`mmnl $D),

2―=6 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

_vnuu Nl}nv, ]dn a`lhi mnq`en mnu`bl udk~im ikkj i`jn }d`u3

_vnuu A5 }k bk }k }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl Mnq`enu phlni,

Nt`}`lb }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Pk~ dhqn a`l`udnm evnh}`lb }dn a~le}`kl Nm`} Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu hlm mnu`blnm hlhppvkpv`h}n phlni ihk~},

Nt`} avkg }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl Mnq`enu phlni f pvnuu`lb A5, ]dn Nt`} A~le}`klMna`l`}`kl phlni m`upihu,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―=5

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

U~fg`}}`lb }dn A~le}`kl akv Bnlnvh}`kl

@l hmm`}`kl }k uhq`lb edhlbnu }k }dn a~le}`kl k~ ehl ~un }dn Nt`} A~le}`klMna`l`}`kl phlni }k u~fg`} }dn a~le}`kl hlm m`upih a`in akv bnlnvh}`kl f un}}`lb

}dn U~fg`} bnlnvh}`kl a`nim }k P,

Heenp} }dn mnah~i} ka P akv Edhlbn+evnh}n a~le}`kl }k uhqn k~v edhlbnu hlmedhlbn }dn U~fg`} bnlnvh}`kl a`nim }k P,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Pk~ r`ii fn vn}~vlnm }k }dn Nm`} A~le}`klu phlni, Gnuuhbnu `lm`eh}`lb }dh} }dn

a~le}`kl dhu fnnl uhqnm hlm u~fg`}}nm akv bnlnvh}`kl r`ii hppnhv h} }dn fk}}kgka }dn phlni,

2―== ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k A~le}`kl A`nimu

Pk~ dhqn lkr evnh}nm h pvkbvhg }dh} hiikru }dn nlm ~unv }k ~pmh}n }dn }rk a`inuVHEN hlm VHEN NL]VP u`g~i}hlnk~ui,

Ntnve`unu

Mk }dn akiikr`lb ntnve`unu3

8, U~fg`} }dn vnx~nu} akv bnlnvh}`kl hlm ekgp`ih}`kl akv }dn Vhenu hlm Nl}v`nuU_L heenuu ph}d hlm }dn Nm`} Vhenu hlm Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl, Pk~ mk }d`u funine}`lb }dn U~fg`} gkmni evnh}n vnx~nu} $PUFGGMIEV]) kp}`kl avkg }dnM`upih Unvq`enu Gnl~ $A82), Akv h pvkbvhg }k ekgp`in u~eenuua~ii hii a`inuhlm heenuu ph}du ~unm f }dn pvkbvhg g~u} dhqn fnnl bnlnvh}nm hlmekgp`inm a`vu},

Lk}n3 Fn u~vn }k rv`}n mkrl }dn `gpingnl}h}`kl lhgn akv }dn Nm`} Vhenuhlm Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl, Pk~ r`ii lnnm }d`u lhgn akv }nu}`lb }dn pvkbvhg ~u`lb

}dn EHII ekgghlm,6, Ehii }dn Nm`} Vhenu hlm Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl hlm hmm h anr vhenu }k }dn mh}hfhun

hlm ukgn nl}v`nu akv nhed vhen, Rdnl k~ ehii }dn pvkbvhg vngngfnv }kupne`a }dn l~ii kv fihlj phvhgn}nv akv }dn vn}~vl ekmn, Akv nthgpin

ehii ghvn}v —‐

]v pvnuu`lb A= kl a`nimu i`jn Dkvun ekmn hlm Ckejn ekmn }k q`nr h unine}`kl i`u}ka hqh`ihfin nl}v`nu,

Lk}n3 Hmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehii pvkq`mnu }d`u pvkgp}`lb ehphf`i`} akva`in'}k'a`in vnih}`klu u~ed hu VHEN NL]VP Vnanvu }k DKVUN, Rdnl }dn nlm~unv }pnu h ; kv ~unv pvkgp} $A=) akv h jn kv akvn`bl jn a`nim f mnah~i}Hmqhl}hbn 6N ehiiu }dn vnih}nm Unine} vnekvm a~le}`kl u~ed hu Unine} Dkvun,H a~le}`kl ~unm `l }d`u rh `u jlkrl hu h pvkgp} a~le}`kl,

5, Ehii }dn Nm`} Dkvun pvkbvhg hlm }nu} }dn i`lj k~ mna`lnm fn}rnnl }dn Nm`}Dkvun pvkbvhg hlm }dn M`upih Vhe`lb Vnu~i}u pvkbvhg, Pk~ udk~im fn hfin}k unine} h dkvun hlm m`upih `}u vhe`lb d`u}kv,

Akv nthgpin }dn u}npu vnx~`vnm }k ehii M`upih Vhe`lb vnu~i}u akv Ah`}da~iMkff`l hvn3

h, ]pn + `l U~fa`in unine}kv akv Ah`}da~i Mkff`l,

f, _vnuu A8? }k heenuu }dn he}`kl fhv,

e, ]pn U }k heenuu }dn Unine}kv Edk`en gnl~,

m, ]pn 8 fnu`mn }dn M`upih Vhe`lb Vnu~i}u he}`kl,

n, _vnuu Nl}nv,

a, _vnuu A5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Dkvun a~le}`kl,

Hmqhlenm A~le}`klu 2―=>

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Edhp}nv

4 Vnpkv} A~le}`klu

]d`u edhp}nv `l}vkm~enu }dn }rk a~le}`klu ~unm }k pvkm~en vnpkv}u, ]dnun hvn3

▯ ]dn _v`l} A`in $_V]A@I) A~le}`kl

▯ ]dn _v`l} Kfcne} $_V]KFC) A~le}`kl

Pk~ r`ii ~un }dnun a~le}`klu }k mna`ln }dn }rk akiikr`lb vnpkv}u3

▯ H u`gpin vnpkv} ka hii }dn dkvunu vnekvmnm `l }dn mh}hfhun,

▯ H gkvn ekgpint vnpkv} udkr`lb hii }dn dkvunu `l }dn mh}hfhun hlm akv nheddkvun h i`u} ka }dn vhenu `l rd`ed }dn dkvun ekgpn}nm,

@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

@l }d`u }kp`e k~ r`ii inhvl dkr }k mna`ln h _v`l} A`in a~le}`kl }k pvkm~en hu`gpin vnpkv} ka hii }dn dkvunu vnekvmnm `l }dn mh}hfhun,

Lnr }nvgu `l}vkm~enm▯ _V]A@I $_v`l} A`in) a~le}`kl

▯ EL] $ek~l}) a~le}`kl a`nim

▯ E^V $e~vvnl} vnpkv} akvgh}) vnpkv} ekl}nt}

▯ LT] $lnt} vnpkv} akvgh}) vnpkv} ekl}nt}

Lnr m`upihu `l}vkm~enm

▯ Nm`} Vnpkv} Mnu`bl

▯ M`upih Vnpkv} Akvgh}u

Nm`} Vnpkv} Akvgh} Mn}h`iu

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―8

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

Kfcne}`qnu

Pk~ r`ii fn pvkm~e`lb h vnpkv} }dh} i`u}u hii }dn dkvunu vnekvmnm `l k~v mh}hfhun,@l hmm`}`kl }dn vnpkv} r`ii b`qn }dn }k}hi l~gfnv ka dkvunu vnekvmnm hlm }dn }k}hi

qhi~n ka hii }dn dkvunu, ]dn akiikr`lb u}npu hvn `lqkiqnm3

8, Evnh}n h _v`l} Dkvunu a~le}`kl fhunm kl }dn DKVUN a`in, ]dn a~le}`kl r`iivnx~`vn }dn evnh}`kl ka h VUX $vnunx~nlen) heenuu ph}d }k vn}v`nqn vnekvmu `lDkvun lhgn kvmnv,

6, Upne`a }dn ]k}hi dkvun qhi~n hlm ]k}hi l~gfnv ka dkvunu a~le}`kl a`nimu kl }dnvnpkv} mnu`bl,

5, Gkm`a }dn ihk~} ka }dn vnpkv} hu vnx~`vnm,

=, Bnlnvh}n hlm ekgp`in }dn uk~ven akv }dn heenuu ph}d hlm }dn vnpkv},

>, ]nu} }dn `gpingnl}nm a~le}`kl,

Mna`l`lb }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

U}hv}`lb avkg }dn Nm`} A~le}`klu phlni akv }dn DKVUN a`in upne`a }dn _v`l}Dkvunu a~le}`kl, H _v`l} A`in $_V]A@I) a~le}`kl `u mna`lnm }dn uhgn rh hu k}dnva~le}`klu, ]pn _v`l} Dkvunu akv }dn A~le}`kl lhgn _V]A@I akv }dn A~le}`kl}pn hlm ; `l }dn heenuu ph}d a`nim }k q`nr h i`u} ka nt`u}`lb heenuu ph}du,

_vnuu Nl}nv, ]dn Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu phlni m`upihu hu h vnu~i} ka nl}nv`lb ; akv }dnHeenuu ph}d,

4―6 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

Upne`a`lb h Lnr Heenuu _h}d

^un }dn Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu phlni akv }dn DKVUN a`in }k evnh}n h lnr heenuu ph}d }dh}r`ii eh~un }dn vnpkv} }k pv`l} dkvun mn}h`iu `l hipdhfn}`ehi kvmnv f Dkvun lhgn

vh}dnv }dhl `l Dkvun ekmn kvmnv, ]k hed`nqn }d`u upne`a h lnr heenuu ph}d ka}pn VUX ehiinm Dkvun lhgn kvmnv,

]pn VUX akv }dn heenuu ph}d }pn Dkvun lhgn kvmnv akv }dn Heenuu ph}d lhgnhlm S }k skkg `l}k }dn heenuu ph}d,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Hmm`lb Q`v}~hi Nl}v`nu }k }dn Heenuu _h}d

Vngngfnv }dh} q`v}~hi nl}v`nu hvn lk} h~}kgh}`ehii hmmnm }k hl heenuu ph}d, Huh vnu~i} k~ lnnm }k hmm }dn Mhg lhgn Mhg Mh}n ka f`v}d U`vn lhgn hlm U`vnMh}n ka f`v}d q`v}~hi a`nimu ntpi`e`}i uk }dn r`ii hppnhv kl }dn vnpkv} k~ hvnmnu`bl`lb,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―5

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

]pn Q hbh`lu} }dn heenuu ph}d akvgh},

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Q`v}~hi`sn Heenuu _h}d phlni,

_vnuu Nl}nv }r`en }k qhi`mh}n hlm ekla`vg }dn q`v}~hi nl}v`nu m`upihnm, Lk}`en }dngnuuhbn h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu phlni,

4―= ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu

Pk~ ~unm }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu phlni nhvi`nv `l }d`u }~}kv`hi }k upne`a hVUX heenuu ph}d, Pk~ r`ii ~un }dn uhgn pvkenuu dnvn }k upne`a h lnr jn kvmnv

kl }dn heenuu ph}d akvgh},

]pn S hbh`lu} }dn heenuu ph}d akvgh},

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Upne`a`lb Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu

Kl }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Akvgh} Nl}v`nu phlni upne`a }dn lnr jn kvmnv akv }dnVUX heenuu ph}d, ]dn `l`}`hi jn kvmnv mnah~i} `u }dn uhgn hu akv }dn mnah~i}Vn}v`nqhi `lmnt heenuu ph}d,

]dn Lnr Jn Kvmnv

Upne`a hl hi}nvlh}`qn jn kvmnv, Akv }d`u }pn ka heenuu ph}d k~ ehl edkkun hla`nim ntenp} h q`v}~hi a`nim hu h jn a`nim, ^un Dkvun lhgn hu }dn jn,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―>

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

@l }dn Jn lk, eki~gl einhv }dn 8 lnt} }k Dkvun ekmn hlm }pn 8 hbh`lu} Dkvunlhgn,

_vnuu Nl}nv, _vnuu A5 }r`en }k nt`},

Bnlnvh}`lb hlm Ekgp`i`lb }dn Lnr Heenuu _h}d

H} }dn Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu phlni vnx~nu} fh}ed bnlnvh}`kl hlm ekgp`ih}`kl akv }dnlnri mna`lnm heenuu ph}d ~u`lb }dn C kp}`kl,

]pn C lnt} }k }dn Dkvun lhgn kvmnv VUX heenuu ph}d,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vnx~nu} bnlnvh}`kl,

4―1 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

Unine}`lb }dn Heenuu _h}d

Lkr }dh} k~ dhqn evnh}nm }dn vnx~`vnm heenuu ph}d unine} `} akv ~un r`}d }dn_v`l} Dkvunu a~le}`kl,

]pn T }k unine} }dn Dkvun lhgn kvmnv heenuu ph}d,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn Vnpkv} Mnu`bl

Ha}nv k~ unine} }dn heenuu ph}d Hmqhl}hbn 6N evnh}nu }dn _v`l} Dkvunu a~le}`kl

hlm vn}~vlu }k }dn Nm`} A~le}`klu phlni, Avkg dnvn k~ ehl m`upih }dn vnpkv}ihk~}, ]k mk uk }pn U hbh`lu} }dn a~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―2

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

]dn Mnah~i} Vnpkv} Ihk~}

@l`}`hii }dn vnpkv} ihk~} r`ii ikkj i`jn }dn kln udkrl dnvn,

]dn mnah~i} ihk~} `u ghmn ~p ka }dn akiikr`lb akvgh}u,

]dn phbn dnhmnv akvgh} h} }dn }kp ekl}h`lu h }`}in $_v`l} Dkvunu) pi~u `lakvgh}`klu~ed hu }dn mh}n hlm phbn l~gfnv, ]dn dnhmnv akvgh} `u vnpnh}nm kl nhed phbnka }dn pv`l}nm vnpkv}, Hl Nlm ka vnpkv} akvgh} `u pihenm h} }dn nlm ka }dn vnpkv}mnu`bl,

H dnhm`lb akvgh} hlm ekvvnupklm`lb }k}hi akvgh} `u pvkq`mnm akv nhed Inqni

fvnhj, Akv nthgpin akv nhed jn ka }dn fhunm'kl heenuu ph}d }dnvn `u h dnhm`lbhlm }k}hi akvgh}, @a }dn heenuu ph}d dhu h ~l`x~n jn }dn l~gfnv ka inqni fvnhju`u kln inuu }dhl }dn l~gfnv ka jnu, @l }d`u ehun }dn heenuu ph}d mknu lk} dhqn h~l`x~n jn, U`len }dnvn `u kln jn inqni kln dnhm`lb akvgh} `u pvkq`mnm }dh} fmnah~i} dhu Dkvun lhgn hu hl k~}p~} a`nim,

]dn mn}h`i akvgh} ekl}h`lu }dn u~fa`in vnekvmu avkg }dn fhunm'kl heenuu ph}d, @} `uudkrl kl }dn _v`l} Dkvunu vnpkv} ihk~} fn}rnnl }dn Dkvun lhgn dnhm`lb hlmDkvun lhgn }k}hi akvgh}u, Hii }dn a`nimu avkg }dn heenuu ph}d hvn hqh`ihfin `l }d`uakvgh}, ]dn jn a`nim $Dkvun lhgn) `u d`mmnl f mnah~i} fneh~un `} hivnhmhppnhvu kl }dn dnhm`lb akvgh},

Pk~ ehl gkm`a }dn vnpkv} ihk~} }dn uhgn rh k~ gkm`a`nm }dn mnq`en mnu`bluka }dn nhvi`nv a~le}`klu, ]dn nm`}kvu akv }dn vnpkv} ihk~} hlm }dn phlni mnu`bl hvnqnv u`g`ihv, Dkrnqnv h vnpkv} `u f mnah~i} 856 edhvhe}nvu hevkuu hlm nt}nlmuqnv}`ehii phu} }dn fk}}kg ka }dn phlni, Pk~ ehl pvnuu }dn Vkii ^p jn }k vkii }dnphlni f dhia h phlni h} h }`gn,

4―4 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

M`upih`lb }dn Vnpkv} Akvgh}u

]dn vnpkv} akvgh}u hvn udkrl kl }dn M`upih Vnpkv} Akvgh}u phlni, ]k heenuu}d`u phlni pvnuu A82 avkg }dn mnq`en mnu`bl $vnpkv} ihk~}),

▯ ]dn ]kp ka phbn akvgh} $]K_) nlhfinu k~ }k mna`ln a`nimu }k fn pv`l}nm h}}dn }kp ka nhed phbn `l hmm`}`kl }k }dn U}hlmhvm vnpkv} dnhmnv $DMV), ]d`uakvgh} `u ngp} f mnah~i},

▯ ]dn A`vu} phbn akvgh} $8_B) ehl fn ~unm }k hmm }`}in `lakvgh}`kl }k }dnfnb`ll`lb ka }dn vnpkv}, ]d`u akvgh} `u ngp} f mnah~i},

▯ ]dn Inqni'dnhm`lb akvgh} $8DM) ekl}h`lu a`nimu hppvkpv`h}n }k }dn jn inqni:`l }d`u ehun Dkvun lhgn, F mnah~i} }d`u akvgh} pv`l}u fnakvn }dn a`vu} mn}h`ir`}d`l h inqni fvnhj,

▯ ]dn Mn}h`i i`ln akvgh} $VEM) ekl}h`lu }dn vnekvmu avkg }dn heenuu ph}d klrd`ed }dn _v`l} A`in a~le}`kl `u fhunm, F mnah~i} }d`u akvgh} `u pv`l}nm akvnqnv vnekvm vnhm, ]d`u akvgh} ehllk} fn mvkppnm kli d`mmnl,

▯ ]dn Inqni }k}hi akvgh} $6]I) ekl}h`lu a`nimu hppvkpv`h}n }k }dn jn inqni, Fmnah~i} }d`u akvgh} `u pv`l}nm ha}nv }dn ihu} mn}h`i vnekvm kv u~f}k}hi r`}d`l hinqni fvnhj,

▯ ]dn A`lhi }k}hi akvgh} $S]I) ekl}h`lu }k}hiu ka hii pvnq`k~u }k}hi inqniu, Fmnah~i} }d`u akvgh} ekl}h`lu kli }dn eklu}hl} A`lhi }k}hiu: k~ ehl hmm k~vkrl a~le}`kl a`nimu }k pvkq`mn }k}hiu,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―0

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

Mvkpp`lb Akvgh}u avkg h Vnpkv} Mnu`bl

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii vngkqn }dn Dkvun lhgn dnhm`lb hlm }k}hi akvgh}u, ]kvngkqn h akvgh} k~ ehl n`}dnv d`mn `} kv mvkp `} ekgpin}ni, @a k~ d`mn h

akvgh} `} r`ii u}`ii fn ikb`ehii pvnunl}, @l }d`u nthgpin k~ r`ii mvkp fk}dakvgh}u ekgpin}ni,

]pn —'‐ hbh`lu} }dn }rk Dkvun lhgn akvgh}u,

_vnuu Nl}nv, Lk}`en }dn M `l }dn D`mn ag} eki~gl akv }dn }rk akvgh}u k~mvkppnm,

4―8? ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

Hmm`lb A~le}`kl A`nimu

@l }d`u u}np k~ r`ii hmm }rk a~le}`kl a`nimu }k }dn A`lhi }k}hiu akvgh} $S]I),

]pn S hbh`lu} A`lhi }k}hiu akvgh},

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} Vnpkv} Akvgh} Mn}h`iu uevnnl akv }dn A`lhi }k}hiuakvgh},

_vnuu A80 }k hmm h a~le}`kl a`nim }k }d`u akvgh} ~u`lb }dn Nm`} Mnq`en A~le}`klA`nimu phlni,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―88

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

M`upih`lb Nt`u}`lb A~le}`kl A`nimu

]k m`upih nt`u}`lb a~le}`kl a`nimu }pn ; akv A~le}`kl a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Hii a`nimu mna`lnm `l k~v gkmni hvn m`upihnm `lei~m`lb }dn }rk a~le}`kl a`nimuk~ mna`lnm akv }dn Nm`} Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl $NM]]VL),

]k mna`ln }rk lnr a~le}`kl a`nimu pvnuu A8?,

4―86 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

Mna`l`lb Lnr A~le}`kl A`nimu

]dn a`vu} lnr a~le}`kl a`nim ]k}hi dkvun qhi~n r`ii pvkq`mn h }k}hi ka hii }dnDkvun qhi~n a`nimu kl }dn mn}h`i akvgh}, H a~le}`kl a`nim ka }pn U^G `u ~unm akv

}d`u p~vpkun, Vnehii }dh} k~ ~unm h a~le}`kl a`nim ka }d`u }pn pvnq`k~ui }kehie~ih}n }dn ]k}hi L~gfnv ka a`l`udnvu `l h vhen,

]dn uneklm lnr a~le}`kl a`nim ]k}hi l~gfnv ka dkvunu r`ii ehie~ih}n }dn }k}hil~gfnv ka dkvunu vnekvmnm, @} r`ii ek~l} }dn l~gfnv ka kee~vvnlenu ka Dkvunekmn a`nim kl }dn mn}h`i akvgh}, H a~le}`kl a`nim ka }pn EL] ehl fn ~unm akv }d`up~vpkun,

]dnvn hvn }rk rhu }k mna`ln h a~le}`kl a`nim3

▯ Hu h VNA a`nim fhunm kl }dn a`nim k~ r`ud }k u~g kv ek~l}

▯ Hu h lnr a`nim r`}d `lp~} phvhgn}nv$u) upne`a`nm unphvh}ni,

Pk~ r`ii ~un }dn VNA a`nim gn}dkm }k mna`ln }dn ]k}hi dkvun qhi~n a~le}`kl a`nim,Dkrnqnv k~ ehllk} ~un }d`u gn}dkm akv }dn ]k}hi l~gfnv ka dkvunu a~le}`kla`nim u`len }dn EL] a`nim g~u} fn l~gnv`e hlm }dn a`nim k~ hvn ek~l}`lb `uhipdhl~gnv`e $EMN),

Mna`ln }dn ]k}hi dkvun qhi~n hlm ]k}hi l~gfnv ka dkvunu a~le}`kl a`nimu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―85

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

Upne`a`lb A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

Rdnl k~ pvnuunm Nl}nv }dn }rk lnr a~le}`kl a`nimu rnvn evnh}nm, _vnuu Vkii ^p}r`en }k q`nr }dn }rk lnr a~le}`kl a`nimu,

]dn ]k}hi dkvun qhi~n a~le}`kl a`nim `u lkr a~ii mna`lnm, Dkrnqnv k~ g~u}u}`ii upne`a }dn a`nim ~unm }k hvv`qn h} }dn ]k}hi l~gfnv ka dkvunu a~le}`kl, ]pn _ lnt} }k }d`u a~le}`kl a`nim hu udkrl }k upne`a `}u phvhgn}nvu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn Mnah~i} _hvhgn}nvu

Hu gnl}`klnm pvnq`k~ui }dn a~le}`kl a`nim `}unia `u }dn k~}p~} phvhgn}nv, @l }d`uu}np k~ lnnm }k upne`a hl `lp~} phvhgn}nv rd`ed `u }dn a`nim }k fn ek~l}nm, @l}d`u ehun }dn Dkvun ekmn a`nim `u }dn `lp~} phvhgn}nv,

Pk~ ehl upne`a a~le}`kl phvhgn}nvu `l }rk m`aanvnl} rhu, ]dnun ehl n`}dnv fn`lm`q`m~hi a`nimu kv hl heenuu ph}d avkg rd`ed k~ unine} `lm`q`m~hi a`nimu, @l }d`unthgpin k~ r`ii upne`a }dn phvhgn}nv hu hl `lm`q`m~hi a`nim,

4―8= ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

]pn }dn phvhgn}nv mn}h`iu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn phvhgn}nv ~uhbn mnah~i}u }k `lp~}, Pk~ ehl ednej }d`u akv k~vunia f }p`lbS hbh`lu} Dkvun ekmn kl }dn Nm`} A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu phlni,

_vnuu A5 }k nt`},

Unine}`lb }dn A~le}`kl A`nimu

Pk~ dhqn a`l`udnm mna`l`lb }dn }rk lnr a~le}`kl a`nimu, Pk~ g~u} lkr unine}}dng }k hppnhv kl }dn A`lhi }k}hiu akvgh},

]pn T hbh`lu} ]k}hi Dkvun qhi~n,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―8>

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Ekla`vg`lb }dn A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu

]dn Nm`} He}`kl ' A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu r`lmkr r`ii pvkgp} k~ }k ekla`vg mn}h`iu ka}dn a~le}`kl phvhgn}nvu, ]d`u phlni udkru }dn ekl}nt}u avkg rd`ed }dn qhi~nu ka}dn phvhgn}nvu r`ii fn }hjnl3 LT] $lnt} vnpkv} akvgh}) hlm E^V $e~vvnl} vnpkv}akvgh}),

]dn qhi~nu akv }dn Dkvun qhi~n phvhgn}nv hvn }hjnl avkg }dn E^V ekl}nt}, ]d`uekl}nt} ekvvnupklmu }k }dn akvgh} ~pkl rd`ed }dn pvkenuu`lb ka }dn a~le}`kla`nim }hjnu pihen $}dn Mn}h`i i`ln akvgh}), ]dn LT] ekl}nt} ekvvnupklmu }k }dnakvgh} }dh} akiikru }dn Mn}h`i i`ln, @l }d`u ehun }dn LT] ekl}nt} `u }dn A`lhi }k}hiuakvgh},

_vnuu Nl}nv }k ekla`vg }dn phvhgn}nvu, _vnuu A85 }k vn}~vl }k }dn vnpkv} mnq`enmnu`bl,

4―81 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

Hmm`lb }dn ]k}hi L~gfnv ka Dkvunu A~le}`kl A`nim

]dn ]k}hi dkvun qhi~n a~le}`kl a`nim `u lkr pvnunl} kl }dn A`lhi }k}hiu akvgh}, ]khmm }dn k}dnv a~le}`kl a`nim pku`}`kl }dn e~vukv kl }dn A`lhi }k}hiu akvgh},

_vnuu A80 }k hmm }dn ]k}hi l~gfnv ka dkvunu a~le}`kl a`nim,

]pn ]k}hi L~gfnv ka dkvunu `l }dn A`nim lhgn a`nim,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―82

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

Ekla`vg`lb }dn _hvhgn}nvu

Hmqhl}hbn 6N h~}kgh}`ehii pvkq`mnu mnah~i}u akv }dn phvhgn}nvu hlm ekl}nt}u,@l }d`u ehun k~ lnnm kli heenp} }dng,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k heenp} }dn phvhgn}nvu hlm vn}~vl }k }dn vnpkv} mnq`en mnu`bl,

Ntnve`un

Fk}d a~le}`kl a`nimu hvn lkr pvnunl} kl }dn Nm`} Vnpkv} Akvgh} Mn}h`iu phlni ka}dn A`lhi }k}hiu akvgh}, Ednej }d`u k~vunia f pvnuu`lb A82 avkg }dn vnpkv}

mnq`en mnu`bl hlm }p`lb S hbh`lu} }dn A`lhi }k}hiu akvgh} kl }dn M`upih Vnpkv}Akvgh}u phlni, _vnuu A85 }k vn}~vl }k }dn vnpkv} mnq`en mnu`bl,

]dn Vnpkv} Mnu`bl r`}d A~le}`kl A`nimu

]dn vnpkv} ihk~} udk~im lkr ikkj i`jn }dn kln fnikr r`}d }dn a~le}`kl a`nimum`upihnm kl }dn A`lhi }k}hiu akvgh}, ]dn rkvmu A`lhi }k}hiu hvn h eklu}hl} hlm ehlfn vngkqnm,

4―84 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

Ekgpin}`lb }dn Vnpkv}

@l }d`u u}np }k ghjn }dn vnpkv} nhu`nv }k vnhm k~ r`ii upne`a h fihlj i`lnfn}rnnl vnekvmu hlm d`mn }dn Dkvun ekmn Mhg ekmn hlm U`vn ekmn a`nimu, @l

hmm`}`kl k~ r`ii edhlbn }dn Dkvun lhgn a`nim avkg d`mmnl }k k~}p~}, Fmnah~i} }dn Dkvun lhgn a`nim `u d`mmnl fneh~un `} rhu kv`b`lhii pvnunl} kl }dnDkvun lhgn dnhmnv akvgh}, U`len }dn Dkvun lhgn dnhmnv akvgh} dhu fnnlmvkppnm `} lkr ghjnu unlun }k dhqn }dn Dkvun lhgn hppnhv kl }dn Mn}h`i i`lnakvgh},

_ihen }dn e~vukv kl }dn Dkvun ekmn a`nim,

_vnuu A>,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―80

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

]pn }dn kp}`klu hu udkrl: lhgni }pn P akv Fihlj i`ln fn}rnnl vnekvmu }pnK hbh`lu} Dkvun lhgn hlm }pn D hbh`lu} Dkvun ekmn Mhg Dkvun ekmn hlmU`vn Dkvun ekmn }k d`mn }dnun a`nimu kl }dn vnpkv},

_vnuu Nl}nv, Lk}n }dn edhlbnu `l }dn Kqv eki~gl hu h vnu~i} ka k~v nl}v`nu, _vnuuA5 }k vn}~vl }k }dn mnq`en mnu`bl,

]dn Gkm`a`nm Vnpkv} Mnq`en Mnu`bl

]dn vnpkv} mnq`en mnu`bl udk~im lkr ikkj i`jn }dn kln udkrl fnikr, U`len k~dhqn d`mmnl ukgn a`nimu kl }dn Mn}h`i akvgh} }dn mnu`bl lk iklbnv ntennmu }dn

856 edhvhe}nv u`sn i`g`},

4―6? ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

]dn Ekgpin}nm Vnpkv} Ihk~}

^pmh}n }dn vnpkv} mnq`en mnu`bl f gkq`lb a`nimu hlm edhlb`lb ihfniu hlm ihfniuphe`lb ~l}`i }dn mnu`bl gnn}u k~v lnnmu, Dnvn‐u hl nthgpin,

Lk}n }dh} }k pvkm~en }d`u mnu`bl k~ r`ii lnnm }k mvkp }dn ]kp ka _hbn akvgh}$]K_) hlm }dn A`vu} _hbn Akvgh} $8_B) ~u`lb }dn gn}dkm k~ ~unm }k mvkp }dn8DM hlm 6]I akvgh}u pvnq`k~ui: d`l} pvnuu A82,

Rdnl k~ dhqn a`l`udnm }dn vnpkv} ihk~} pvnuu A5 }k nt`} }dn mnq`en mnu`bl,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―68

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} A`in A~le}`kl

_vnuu A5,

Uhq`lb }dn Vnpkv} Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Uhqn }dn edhlbnu f heenp}`lb }dn mnah~i}u hlm pvnuu`lb Nl}nv,

Bnlnvh}`lb hlm Ekgp`i`lb }dn A~le}`kl

Pk~ dhqn lkr a`l`udnm upne`a`lb }dn _v`l} Dkvunu a~le}`kl, ]pn C lnt} }k }d`ua~le}`kl kl }dn Nm`} A~le}`klu phlni hlm pvnuu Nl}nv }k vnx~nu} fh}ed bnlnvh}`kl

ka }dn _v`l} A`in hlm pvkbvhg }dh} r`ii `gpingnl} }dn a~le}`kl,

A`lhii ekgp`in }dn bnlnvh}nm uk~ven akv }dn a~le}`kl hlm }dn heenuu ph}d, _vnuuA82 }k heenuu }dn M`upih Unvq`enu Gnl~ hlm unine} }dn U~fg`} gkmni evnh}nvnx~nu} $PUFGGMIEV]) kp}`kl, Fn u~vn }k lk}n }dn `gpingnl}h}`kl lhgn$gngfnv) ka }dn _v`l} Dkvunu a~le}`kl uk k~ ehl ehii `} `l }dn lnt} u}np,

4―66 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

V~ll`lb Pk~v _vkbvhg

Rdnl }dn _v`l} Dkvunu a~le}`kl dhu u~eenuua~ii ekgp`inm }v `} k~} f ehii`lb}dn pvkbvhg avkg h ekgghlm i`ln, Akv nthgpin

ehii ghupav —‐

Akiikr`lb `u hl nthgpin ka }dn vnu~i}`lb vnpkv} udkr`lb mh}h k~ nl}nvnm nhvi`nv~u`lb }dn Nm`} Dkvun pvkbvhg,

^un }dn KU+=?? Rkvj r`}d Upkkinm A`inu $RVJU_IA) ekgghlm }k q`nr kv pv`l}k~v vnpkv},

@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

Pk~ r`ii inhvl dkr }k ngfnm h _v`l} Kfcne} a~le}`kl `l}k }dn nt`u}`lb _v`l} A`ina~le}`kl }k pvkm~en h gkvn mn}h`inm vnpkv},

Lnr }nvgu `l}vkm~enm

▯ _V]KFC $_v`l} Kfcne}) a~le}`kl

▯ XVP $X~nv) heenuu ph}d

Lnr m`upihu `l}vkm~enm

▯ Nm`} Mnq`en U}v~e}~vn

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―65

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

Kfcne}`qnu

H} }d`u pk`l} k~ dhqn evnh}nm h a~le}`kl }k pv`l} h i`u} ka hii }dn dkvunu u}kvnm `l}dn mh}hfhun, H gkvn ~una~i vnpkv} g`bd} hiuk i`u} }dn vhenu akv rd`ed nhed dkvun

dhu fnnl nl}nvnm, ]k pvkm~en u~ed h vnpkv} k~ lnnm }k ekgf`ln vnekvmu avkg}dn VHEN NL]VP a`in r`}d }dn nt`u}`lb _v`l} Dkvunu a~le}`kl, Pk~ ehl hed`nqn}d`u ~u`lb h _v`l} Kfcne} a~le}`kl, ^un }dn akiikr`lb u}npu }k mk }d`u,

8, Upne`a h _v`l} Kfcne} a~le} kl fhunm kl }dn VHEN NL]VP a`in,

6, Mna`ln h X~nv heenuu ph}d }k fn ~unm r`}d }dn VHEN NL]VP a`in,

5, Ekgf`ln }dn _v`l} Kfcne} a~le}`kl r`}d }dn _v`l} A`in a~le}`kl hlm upne`a}dn phvhgn}nvu }k fn phuunm fn}rnnl }dng,

=, Bnlnvh}n hlm ekgp`in }dn lnr _v`l} Dkvunu a~le}`kl,

>, ]nu} }dn pvkbvhg,

Mna`l`lb }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

]k mna`ln h _v`l} Kfcne} a~le}`kl u}hv} avkg }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu phlnihlm bk }k }dn Nm`} A~le}`klu phlni kl }dn VHEN NL]VP a`in,

]pn A hbh`lu} VHEN NL]VP,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

4―6= ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

Hmm`lb h _v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu A~le}`kl

Upne`a }dn _v`l} Kfcne} a~le}`kl f }p`lb _v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu akv }dn a~le}`kllhgn _V]KFC akv }dn a~le}`kl }pn hlm ; }k m`upih }dn hqh`ihfin heenuu ph}du,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu phlni,

Upne`a`lb h X~nv Heenuu _h}d

]dn Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu phlni udkru }dn nt`u}`lb heenuu ph}du akv }dn VHEN NL]VPa`in, Pk~ r`ii evnh}n h lnr heenuu ph}d akv }dn _v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl,

]k pvkm~en }dn mnu`vnm vnpkv} }dn vnekvmu `l }dn VHEN NL]VP a`in lnnm }k fnpvkenuunm `l kvmnv f Dkvun lhgn, ]k mk }d`u k~ lnnm }k evnh}n hl heenuu ph}djnnm kl }dn Dkvun lhgn a`nim: dkrnqnv Dkvun lhgn `u h q`v}~hi a`nim kl }dnVHEN NL]VP a`in, @l kvmnv }k ~un h q`v}~hi a`nim hu h jn k~ lnnm }k evnh}n hx~nv $XVP) heenuu ph}d, @l hmm`}`kl u`len q`v}~hi nl}v`nu hvn lk} h~}kgh}`ehii`lei~mnm kl hl heenuu ph}d k~ lnnm }k hmm }dng ntpi`e`}i,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―6>

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

Upne`a h XVP heenuu ph}d lhgnm Nl}v`nu fp Dkvun lhgn hlm }pn Q hbh`lu} `},

_vnuu Nl}nv }k q`nr }dn q`v}~hi nl}v`nu }dh} hvn hqh`ihfin akv `lei~u`kl kl }dnheenuu ph}d: lhgni Dkvun lhgn hlm Ckejn lhgn,

_vnuu Nl}nv }r`en }k qhi`mh}n hlm ekla`vg }dn `lei~u`kl ka }dn }rk q`v}~hi nl}v`nuhlm vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu phlni, Lk}n }dn gnuuhbn h} }dn fk}}kg ka }dnphlni `lm`eh}`lb }dh} }dn heenuu ph}d dhu fnnl ~pmh}nm r`}d hii q`v}~hiu,

4―61 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

]pn S hbh`lu} }dn Nl}v`nu f Dkvun lhgn heenuu ph}d }k fnb`l }dn pvkenuu kaupne`a`lb Dkvun lhgn hu }dn jn,

M`upih`lb }dn Heenuu _h}d Akvgh} Nl}v`nu

_vnuu Nl}nv }k m`upih }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu phlni, Lnt} }pn S hbh`lu} }dnm`upihnm akvgh} hlm pvnuu Nl}nv }k heenuu }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Akvgh} Nl}v`nuphlni,

Kl }dn Nm`} Heenuu _h}d Akvgh} Nl}v`nu phlni }dn jn kvmnv mnah~i}u }k }dh} ka}dn V]Q heenuu ph}d, Lk}n }dh} hii a`nimu `lei~m`lb q`v}~hi a`nimu hvn hqh`ihfin hujn a`nimu,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―62

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

Upne`a`lb hl Hi}nvlh}`qn Jn

Upne`a Dkvun lhgn hlm Vhen mh}n hu }dn hi}nvlh}n jnu ka }dn heenuu ph}d, Pk~ehl huu~gn }dh} nhed dkvun v~lu `l lk gkvn }dhl kln vhen pnv mh: hu h vnu~i}

Vhen }`gn `u lk} vnx~`vnm hu h jn,

Mna`ln }dn jnu f edhlb`lb nl}v`nu `l }dn Jn lk, eki~gl hu udkrl: lhgnifihlj }dn Jn lk, a`nim akv Ek~vun ekmn Vhen }`gn hlm Nl}v l~gfnv hlm }pn 8 akv Dkvun lhgn,

_vnuu Nl}nv, _vnuu A5 }r`en }k nt`} }k }dn Nm`} A`in Mn}h`iu phlni,

4―64 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

Ekgp`i`lb }dn XVP Heenuu _h}d

]dn heenuu ph}d k~ dhqn c~u} mna`lnm g~u} fn bnlnvh}nm hlm ekgp`inm fnakvnv~ll`lb }dn hppi`eh}`kl, Pk~ dhqn }dn kp}`kl }k hmm `} }k }dn ckf i`u} lkr, ]k mk

uk }pn C lnt} }k }dn XVP heenuu ph}d,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Unine}`lb }dn Heenuu _h}d akv }dn A~le}`kl

Lkr }dh} k~ dhqn mna`lnm }dn XVP heenuu ph}d k~ lnnm }k unine} `} akv }dn

_v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl, ]k mk uk }pn T lnt} }k }dn XVP heenuu ph}d,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―60

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

M`upih`lb }dn Vnpkv} Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Lkr }dh} k~ dhqn evnh}nm }dn _V]KFC a~le}`kl ednej }dn mnq`en mnu`bl }k unnrdn}dnv }dn mnah~i} kp}`klu gnn} vnx~`vngnl}u, ]k heenuu }dn mnq`en mnu`bl }pn

U lnt} }k }dn _v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu _V]KFC a~le}`kl avkg }dn Nm`} A~le}`klu phlni,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn Mnah~i} Vnpkv} Mnq`en Mnu`bl

@l`}`hii }dn vnpkv} mnq`en mnu`bl udk~im ikkj i`jn }dn kln udkrl,

4―5? ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

]dn mnah~i} ihk~} `u kf}h`lnm `l h u`g`ihv rh }k }dn pvnq`k~u _v`l} A`ina~le}`kl, ]dn heenuu ph}d dhu h lkl'~l`x~n jn, H dnhm`lb hlm }k}hi akvgh} hvnpvkq`mnm akv nhed jn ka }dn heenuu ph}d, Hii }dn a`nimu avkg }dn heenuu ph}dakvgh} hvn k~}p~} kl }dn mn}h`i i`ln vnekvmu ntenp} akv }dn jn a`nimu rd`ed hvn

d`mmnl,

H _V]KFC a~le}`kl `u hl `l}nvlhi a~le}`kl, @} mknu lk} vnpvnunl} h ekgpin}nvnpkv} hlm g~u} fn ngfnmmnm r`}d`l hl nt`u}`lb _v`l} A`in a~le}`kl, ]dnngfnmm`lb _v`l} A`in mna`lnu }dn u}hlmhvm dnhmnv akvgh} phbn u`sn hlmhmm`}`klhi mn}h`iu akv }dn ekgf`lnm vnpkv},

Ntnve`un ' ^pmh}`lb }dn Vnpkv} Ihk~}

^pmh}n }dn vnpkv} ihk~} ~u`lb }dn uhgn }nedl`x~nu hu }dkun `l }dn mnq`en mnu`bl~pmh}nu k~ ekgpin}nm nhvi`nv `l }d`u }~}kv`hi, _nvakvg }dn akiikr`lb u}npu,

8, M`upih }dn vnpkv} akvgh}u $A82) hlm mvkp }dn akiikr`lb akvgh}u3 Vhen mh}ndnhmnv A`lhi }k}hiu Dkvun lhgn }k}hi hlm Vhen mh}n }k}hi,

6, Kl }dn Mn}h`i i`ln akvgh} edhlbn }dn ~uhbn ka }dn Vhen mh}n a`nim avkgd`mmnl }k k~}p~},

5, D`mn hii a`nimu }dh} hvn lk} vnx~`vnm hlm hmc~u} ihfniu hlm ihfni uphe`lb ~l}`i}dn mnu`bl vnungfinu }dn kln udkrl,

=, _vnuu A5 }r`en }k nt`},

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―58

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

Nt`}`lb }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Uhqn k~v mnu`bl f heenp}`lb }dn mnah~i}u kl }dn Nt`} A~le}`kl Mna`l`}`kl phlni,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} A~le}`klu phlni,

Ekgf`l`lb }dn Vnpkv} A~le}`klu

Pk~ dhqn c~u} a`l`udnm mna`l`lb }dn }rk vnpkv} a~le}`klu, _vnuu A5 }k nt`} }dn Nm`}A~le}`klu phlni akv }dn VHEN NL]VP a`in hlm vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} Mh}hfhunVnih}`klu phlni,

Bk }k }dn Nm`} A~le}`klu phlni akv }dn DKVUN a`in, ]k mk }d`u }pn Dkvun# kl }dnunine}`kl i`ln hlm pvnuu Nl}nv, ]dnl }pn A lnt} }k hl DKVUN vnih}`kl hlm pvnuuNl}nv,

]dn lnt} u}np `u }k ekgf`ln }dn }rk a~le}`klu uk }dh} }dn vnekvmu avkg }dn _v`l}Kfcne} a~le}`kl $nhed vhen nl}v) r`ii fn pv`l}nm ha}nv nhed mn}h`i vnekvm `l }dn_v`l} A`in a~le}`kl $ha}nv }dn dkvun }k rd`ed `} hppi`nu), ]k mk }d`u k~ r`ii ~un}dn Nm`} Mnq`en U}v~e}~vn phlni,

4―56 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

]pn ] hbh`lu} }dn _v`l} Dkvunu a~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―55

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

Ngfnmm`lb }dn _v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu A~le}`kl

]dn Nm`} Mnq`en U}v~e}~vn phlni vnpvnunl}u }dn ihk~} ka }dn vnpkv} `l }nvgu ka}dn akvgh}u avkg rd`ed `} `u eklu}v~e}nm, ]d`u m`upih `u kli hqh`ihfin akv

a~le}`klu ka }pn _V]A@I kv _V]KFC, @} dhu ahe`i`}`nu akv ngfnmm`lb _V]KFCa~le}`klu r`}d`l }dn vnpkv} hlm gkq`lb hlm ekp`lb }dng,

Ghl _v`l} Kfcne} a~le}`klu ehl fn ngfnmmnm r`}d`l }dn uhgn _v`l} A`ina~le}`kl, H _v`l} Kfcne} a~le}`kl ehl ekl}h`l k}dnv ngfnmmnm _v`l} Kfcne}a~le}`klu, ]d`u ghjnu `} pkuu`fin }k eklu}v~e} ekgpint vnpkv}u, @l }d`u }~}kv`hik~ r`ii fn ngfnmm`lb kln _v`l} Kfcne} a~le}`kl `l }dn pvnq`k~ui mna`lnm _v`l}A`in a~le}`kl,

@lunv} h _v`l} Kfcne} a~le}`kl ha}nv }dn Mn}h`iu akvgh} f }p`lb @H $@lunv} Ha}nv)`l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

4―5= ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

Unine}`lb }dn _V]KFC A~le}`kl

]dn M`upih _v`l} A~le}`klu phlni `u lkr udkrl, ]d`u phlni m`upihu h i`u} ka hii}dn _v`l} Kfcne} a~le}`klu }dh} hvn hqh`ihfin akv `lei~u`kl `l }dn _v`l} A`in

a~le}`kl, @l }d`u ehun }dnvn `u c~u} kln _v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu, ]pn T }k unine} }dn_v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn Gkm`a`nm Mnq`en U}v~e}~vn

]dn gkm`a`nm mnq`en u}v~e}~vn `u udkrl fnikr, ]dn fhejuihud edhvhe}nv `lm`eh}nu}dh} }dn _v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl `u h}}hednm }k }dn pvnenm`lb Mn}h`iu akvgh}hlm r`ii fn pv`l}nm ha}nv nhed mn}h`i vnekvm,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―5>

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

_vnuu A5 }k nt`},

Uhq`lb }dn Mnq`en U}v~e}~vn

Uhqn }dn gkm`a`nm mnq`en u}v~e}~vn f unine}`lb kp}`kl 6 avkg }dn Nt`} Mnq`enU}v~e}~vn phlni,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} A~le}`klu phlni,

4―51 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

M`upih`lb }dn Vnpkv} Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Nthg`ln }dn naane} ka }dn lnr mnq`en u}v~e}~vn kl }dn ihk~} ka }dn _v`l} Dkvunuvnpkv} mnq`en mnu`bl, ]pn U lnt} }k }dn _v`l} Dkvunu a~le}`kl kl }dn Nm`}

A~le}`klu phlni,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn Lnr Vnpkv} Mnq`en Mnu`bl

]dn gkm`a`nm vnpkv} mnq`en mnu`bl `u udkrl r`}d }dn a`nimu vnu~i}`lb avkg }dn

ngfnmmnm _v`l} Kfcne} a~le}`kl,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―52

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

Q`nr }dn Vnu} ka }dn Vnpkv} Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Pk~ ehl m`upih }dn vnu} ka }dn vnpkv} mnq`en mnu`bl f pvnuu`lb _hbn Mkrl $kvVkii ^p mnpnlm`lb ~pkl k~v jnfkhvm),

Lk}n3 @a k~v vnpkv} mnq`en mnu`bl mknu lk} ikkj i`jn }dh} udkrl hfkqn hmc~u} `}~l}`i `} ikkju u`g`ihv, Mk lk} fn eklenvlnm r`}d ntennm`lb }dn phlni i`g`}u, Akvvnpkv}u Hmqhl}hbn 6N hiikru 856 edhvhe}nvu pnv i`ln,

Gkm`a`lb }dn Ekgf`lnm Vnpkv} Mnq`en Mnu`bl

Pk~ hvn vnu}v`e}nm `l }dn pihengnl} ka }dn a`nimu avkg }dn _v`l} Kfcne} a~le}`kl,_ihen }dn e~vukv kl hl _V]KFC a`nim hlm pvnuu A8?, Hii }dn _V]KFC a`nimu hvngkqnm `l h u`lbin fikej, @l k}dnv rkvmu k~ ehllk} ghl`p~ih}n }dn _V]KFCa`nimu `lm`q`m~hii avkg }d`u phlni, Pk~ hvn kli hiikrnm }k hi}nv }dn `lmnl}h}`klka }dn rdkin _V]KFC a~le}`kl vnih}`qn }k }dn ina}'dhlm ghvb`l ka }dn _V]A@Ia~le}`kl `l rd`ed `} `u ngfnmmnm, @} `u pkuu`fin }k upne`a `lm`q`m~hi akvgh}u ka}dn _V]KFC, Pk~ ehl upne`a hl hfuki~}n `lmnl}h}`kl }dh} `u a`tnm vnih}`qn }k }dnina}'dhlm ghvb`l ka }dn vnpkv} vnbhvminuu ka hl hmc~u}gnl}u ghmn }k }dn`lmnl}h}`kl ka }dn _V]KFC hu h rdkin,

@l }dn e~vvnl} vnpkv} mnu`bl }dn _V]KFC a`nimu hvn m`upihnm ha}nv hii }dn mn}h`ii`ln vnekvmu, ]d`u `gpi`nu }dh} hii }dn dkvunu r`ii fn pv`l}nm akiikrnm f hii }dn

vhen nl}v`nu, ]dn hmqhl}hbn ka }dn vnpkv} hu udkrl `l }dn hfkqn phlni `u }dh} `}nlhfinu k~ }k nhu`i m`u}`lb~`ud fn}rnnl }dn m`aanvnl} akvgh}u, Dkrnqnv }kgnn} }dn kv`b`lhi vnx~`vngnl}u k~ lnnm }k edhlbn }dn vnpkv} a~le}`klu }k pv`l}kln dkvun h} h }`gn akiikrnm f }dn ekvvnupklm`lb vhen nl}v`nu, Pk~ r`ii mk }d`u`l }dn lnt} u}np,

4―54 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

_vnuu A5 }r`en }k nt`} }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl Nm`}kv, Uhqn k~v mnu`bl f heenp}`lb}dn mnah~i} kp}`klu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Upne`a`lb _hvhgn}nvu

Pk~ dhqn lkr ekgf`lnm }dn }rk vnpkv} a~le}`klu hlm dhqn h u~`}hfin vnpkv}mnu`bl, Dkrnqnv }dn a~le}`kl `u lk} n} a~ii mna`lnm, @a k~ bnlnvh}n hlmekgp`in }dn pvkbvhg lkr `} rk~im pv`l} hii }dn vhen nl}v`nu `l }dn VHEN NL]VPa`in ha}nv nqnv dkvun, Pk~ lnnm }k phuu h vnu}v`e}kv phvhgn}nv avkg }dn _v`l}

Dkvunu a~le}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl uk }dh} kli }dn vhen nl}v`nu}dh} hppi }k nhed dkvun hvn pv`l}nm ha}nv nhed dkvun‐u mn}h`iu,

]dnvn hvn }rk pihenu rdnvn k~ ehl upne`a }dn phvhgn}nvu ka }dn _v`l} VhenNl}v`nu a~le}`kl,

▯ Avkg }dn Nm`} A~le}`klu phlni ka }dn VHEN NL]VP a`in f }p`lb _ hbh`lu}_v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu,

▯ Avkg }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg ka }dn _v`l} Dkvunu a~le}`kl,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―50

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

@l }d`u nthgpin k~ r`ii ~un }dn uneklm gn}dkm, Bk }k }dn He}`kl M`hbvhgNm`}kv akv }dn _v`l} Dkvunu a~le}`kl, ]k mk uk }pn A lnt} }k }dn _v`l} Dkvunua~le}`kl kl }dn Nm`} A~le}`klu phlni,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Nm`}`lb }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg

M`upih }dn ~unv pk`l}u ka }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg f pvnuu`lb A>, ]k upne`a }dnphvhgn}nvu ka }dn _v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl ikeh}n }dn pk`l} `l }dn he}`klm`hbvhg h} rd`ed }dn a~le}`kl `u ehiinm, U`len }dn a~le}`kl rhu h}}hednm }k }dn

Mn}h`i akvgh} k~ r`ii skkg `l}k }dn _v`l} mn}h`iu ~unv pk`l},

]pn S hbh`lu} }dn _v`l} mn}h`iu ~unv pk`l},

4―=? ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn _v`l} Mn}h`iu Eklu}v~e}

Pk~ ngfnmmnm }dn _V]KFC a~le}`kl ha}nv }dn mn}h`i i`ln akvgh}, ]k vnhed }dnnx~`qhinl} pk`l} `l }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg }pn S hbh`lu} }dn d`mmnl eklu}v~e},,,_V]KFC ehiiu ha}nv pv`l} ka mn}h`i akvgh},

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―=8

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

Nm`}`lb }dn _v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu A~le}`kl

Pk~ dhqn lkr vnhednm }dn pk`l} `l }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg rdnvn }dn _V]KFC `ungfnmmnm, ]pn S hbh`lu} }dn d`mmnl eklu}v~e} ,,,Ngfnmmnm _V]KFC 3 _v`l}

Vhen Nl}v`nu,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

]dn He}`kl M`hbvhg Nm`}kv U~fa`in Unine}kv Qhi~nu

Pk~ ehl }pn ; `l }dn U~fa`in unine}kv ka }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg Nm`}kv }k m`upih h

i`u} ka hiikrnm qhi~nu, ]pn ;,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

4―=6 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

Nm`}`lb }dn A~le}`kl

U`len k~ hvn `l }dn pvkenuu ka upne`a`lb h vnu}v`e}kv phvhgn}nv k~ udk~imunine} AA Nm`} he}`kl phvhgn}nvu,

]pn T hu udkrl }k unine} }dn AA qhi~n,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

M`upih`lb }dn A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

]dn Nm`} He}`kl ' A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu r`lmkr `u lkr m`upihnm,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―=5

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

]k nm`} }dn a~le}`kl phvhgn}nvu pvnuu A0, ]dn Nm`} A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu phlniin}u k~ nm`} phvhgn}nvu akv }dn _v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu a~le}`kl,

Nm`}`lb }dn A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu

]k mna`ln }dn Dkvun lhgn a`nim hu h vnu}v`e}kv phvhgn}nv }pn S `l }dn U~fa`inunine}kv }k upne`a hmm`}`klhi mn}h`iu hlm }pn #A`nim Dkvun lhgn hlm AIM,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Upne`a`lb h Vnu}v`e}kv _hvhgn}nv

Kl }dn Nm`} A~le}`klu _hvhgn}nv Mn}h`iu phlni k~ r`ii upne`a }dn ~uhbn hlmvkin ka }dn Dkvun lhgn phvhgn}nv, @l }d`u ehun }dn phvhgn}nv mnah~i}u }k @lp~}$@), Pk~ r`ii upne`a }dh} }dn phvhgn}nv dhu h vnu}v`e}kv vkin f }p`lb V `l }dnU~fa`in unine}kv, ]d`u r`ii eh~un }dn _v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu pvkbvhg }k pvkenuu kli}dkun vnekvmu kl }dn VHEN NL]VP a`in akv }dn dkvun `mnl}`a`nm f }dn Dkvunlhgn phvhgn}nv,

4―== ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

]pn V hbh`lu} }dn Dkvun lhgn phvhgn}nv,

_vnuu Nl}nv,

Hmqhl}hbn 6N ekla`vgu }dh} }dn phvhgn}nv `u h vnu}v`e}kv phvhgn}nv f udkr`lbVU] `l }dn Vkin eki~gl,

_vnuu A5 }r`en }k nt`} hlm vn}~vl }k }dn Nm`} He}`kl ' A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu r`lmkr,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―=>

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

Ekla`vg`lb _hvhgn}nv Mn}h`iu

]dn a`lhi u}np `u }k ekla`vg }dn qhi~nu akv }dn phvhgn}nvu k~ upne`a`nm, Lk}n }dh}}dn mnah~i} ekl}nt} akv }dn Dkvun lhgn phvhgn}nv `u E^V $e~vvnl}), U`len }dn

Mn}h`i i`ln `u fn`lb pvkenuunm h} }d`u pk`l} `l }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg }dn E^V ekl}nt}ekvvnupklmu }k }dn Mn}h`i i`ln akvgh},

Lk}n3 @a k~ dhm ~unm }dn Nm`} A~le}`klu phlni vh}dnv }dhl }dn He}`kl M`hbvhgNm`}kv }k mna`ln phvhgn}nvu k~ rk~im u}`ii lnnm }k heenuu }dn He}`kl M`hbvhgNm`}kv }k ekla`vg }dn phvhgn}nv qhi~nu,

_vnuu Nl}nv }k heenp} }dn phvhgn}nv mn}h`iu,

Nt`} He}`kl M`hbvhg

Nt`} }dn he}`kl m`hbvhg hlm uhqn }dn mnu`bl k~ dhqn c~u} ekgpin}nm, ]k nt`} }dnhe}`kl m`hbvhg x~`eji pvnuu A85,

Bnlnvh}`lb hlm Ekgp`i`lb }dn A~le}`klu

Pk~ dhqn lkr a`l`udnm mna`l`lb }dn _v`l} Dkvunu a~le}`kl, Heenp} }dn mnah~i}qhi~nu kl }dn Nt`} A~le}`kl Mna`l`}`kl phlni hlm edhlbn }dn L kl }dn U~fg`}

bnlnvh}`kl kp}`kl }k P, ]d`u r`ii uhqn }dn a~le}`kl hlm hmm `} }k }dn ckfi`u} akvbnlnvh}`kl, ]dnl unine} }dn U~fg`} gkmni evnh}n vnx~nu} $PUFGGMIEV]) kp}`klavkg }dn M`upih Unvq`enu gnl~ $A82) }k u~fg`} }dn bnlnvh}`kl hlm ekgp`ih}`klakv }dn a~le}`kl hlm }dn X~nv heenuu ph}d,

4―=1 ]~}kv`hi

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@l}vkm~e}`kl }k }dn _v`l} Kfcne} A~le}`kl

]nu}`lb }dn _vkbvhg

Klen }dn pvkbvhg dhu ekgp`inm ehii `} avkg hl ekgghlm i`ln, Qhv`k~ugnuuhbnu vnih}`lb }k }dn ntne~}`kl ka }dn X~nv heenuu ph}d $q`h }dn KU+=??

Kpnl X~nv A`in $K_LXVPA)) ekgghlm hvn m`upihnm rd`in }dn vnpkv} `upvkm~enm, H uhgpin vnpkv} i`u}`lb mh}h nl}nvnm r`}d }dn Nm`} Dkvun hlm Nm`}Vhen hlm Nl}v`nu pvkbvhgu akiikru,

Vnpkv} A~le}`klu 4―=2

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Bikuuhv

heenuu ph}d he}`kl m`hbvhg nm`}kvH q`nr ka }dn mh}h `l h pdu`ehi a`in `l hb`qnl jn unx~nlen gpingnl}nm hu hlKU+=?? pdu`ehi kv ikb`ehi a`in,

H Hmqhl}hbn 6N ahe`i`} }dh} in}u k~ gkm`a}dn mnah~i} pvkenuu`lb ikb`e h~}kgh}`ehiiu~ppi`nm akv h a~le}`kl f hmm`lb he}`klm`hbvhg eklu}v~e}u h} upne`a`nm ~unv pk`l}u,

heenuu ph}d akvgh} nl}vHii Kfcne}u Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}H pvkenuu }dh} nu}hfi`udnu rd`ed a`nimu hvn

pvnunl} `l }dn heenuu ph}d rd`ed ka }dkuna`nimu hvn jn a`nimu akv }dn heenuu ph}d hlm}dn kvmnv ka }dkun jn a`nimu,

H ~l`x~n i`u} r`}d`l h Hmqhl}hbn 6N gkmni}dh} ekl}h`lu hl ~p'}k'mh}n mn}h`inm gkmnikfcne} mnuev`p}`kl akv nhed gkmni kfcne} l}dn gkmni, H gkmni kfcne}‐u mnuev`p}`kl u~pmh}nm h~}kgh}`ehii rdnlnqnv `} edhlbnu,@} `u hiuk vnanvvnm }k hu #HIIKFC,

heenuu ph}d vnih}`kl]dn un} kv u~fun} ka h a`in‐u vnih}`klu }dh}hppi }k h phv}`e~ihv heenuu ph}d,

hl`gh}`klH pvkenuu }dh} eklqnv}u h Hmqhl}hbn 6Nmnq`en mnu`bl }k h =?? ]kkij`} phlni mnu`bl}dh} k~ ehl ~un }k `l}nvhe}`qni u`g~ih}n$pvk}k}pn) h uu}ng mnu`bl, ]d`u `u ~una~iakv mngklu}vh}`lb h mnu`bl }k nlm ~unvu }k

nlu~vn }dh} }dn mnu`bl gnn}u kpnvh}`klhivnx~`vngnl}u fnakvn k~ fnb`lpvkbvhgg`lb,

heenuu ph}d }pnu]pnu rd`ed m`aanvnl}`h}n }dn a~le}`klhi }ka }dn qhv`k~u heenuu ph}du, ]dn }pnu kaheenuu ph}du lei~mn _du`ehi pmh}nVn}v`nqhi Vnunx~nlen Uphl hlm X~nv,

he}`kl fhvH eklu}v~e} }dh} hppnhvu h} }dn }kp ka hl nlm~unv phlni, @} pvkq`mnu h un} ka edk`enu rd`edmna`ln }dn he}`klu hqh`ihfin }k }dn nlm ~unv, hppi`eh}`kl

H un} ka gpingnl}h}`kl kfcne}u pv`ghv`ipvkbvhgu hlm a`inu }dh} }kbn}dnv uh}`uaf~u`lnuu lnnmu, Akv nthgpin h phvkiihppi`eh}`kl kv hl kvmnv nl}v hppi`eh}`kl,

he}`kl fhv edk`enHl kp}`kl }dh} hiikru hppi`eh}`kl ~unvuheenuu }k }dn he}`klu hqh`ihfin akv }dn phlni,

h}}v`f~}nhe}`kl m`hbvhgH pvkpnv} ka hl nl}`}, @} `u hl mn}h`i }dh}x~hi`a`nu mnl}`a`nu eihuu`a`nu x~hl}`a`nu kvntpvnuunu }dn u}h}n ka hl nl}`}, H}}v`f~}nuhvn ~u~hii gpingnl}nm hu a`nimu,

H lk}h}`kl akv mna`l`lb hlm udkr`lbpvkenm~vhi pvkenuu`lb ikb`e, @} u ghmn ~p ka

h l~gfnv ka fhu`e ikb`e eklu}v~e}u3 @}nvh}`qnUnx~nl}`hi hlm Eklm`}`klhi, Gku}Hmqhl}hbn 6N a~le}`klu dhqn hl he}`klm`hbvhg huuke`h}nm r`}d }dng, fhunm'kl a`in

]dn a`in }k rd`ed h b`qnl Hmqhl}hbn 6Nkfcne} u h}}hednm,

Bikuuhv―8

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f~`i}'`l a~le}`kl evkuu vnanvnlen ahe`i`}]pn ka a~le}`kl rd`ed pvkq`mnu ekggklivnx~`vnm ikr inqni kpnvh}`klu u~ed huhmm`}`kl hlm g~i}`pi`eh}`kl,

]dn kpnvh}`klu Hmqhl}hbn 6N pvkq`mnu akv`mnl}`a`lb mnpnlmnle`nu fn}rnnl kfcne}u,]d`u `u hiuk vnanvvnm }k hu }dn gkmni kfcne}

evkuu vnanvnlen ahe`i`},ehp}~vn a`ine~vvnl} qnvu`klKln ka }dn }rk }pnu ka Hmqhl}hbn 6N

mh}hfhun a`inu, Ehp}~vn a`inu bnlnvhiiekl}h`l }vhluhe}`kl mh}h,

]d`u vnanvu kli }k qnvu`klu ka a~le}`klu kvgnuuhbnu, H qnvu`kl `u e~vvnl} rdnl `} `u }dnqnvu`kl }dh} `u he}`qn `l }dn gkmni, @l k}dnvrkvmu }dn e~vvnl} qnvu`kl `u }dn kln ~unm fhlm vnanvvnm }k f k}dnv gkmni kfcne}u hlm u}dn kln udkrl kl Hmqhl}hbn 6N phlniu }dh}hvn lk} upne`a`e }k pvkenuu`lb qnvu`klu, Klikln qnvu`kl `l h bvk~p ka qnvu`klu ehl fne~vvnl} h} h }`gn,

edhlbn }pn]dn edhlbn }pn lm`eh}nu }dn gphe} hedhlbn }k h gkmni kfcne} dhu kl k}dnv gkmnikfcne}u, ]dn edhlbn }pn lm`eh}nu rdn}dnv`gphe}nm gkmni kfcne}u vnx~`vn nm`}`lbhlm+kv vnbnlnvh}`kl }k nlu~vn }dn l}nbv`}ka }dn gkmni hlm }dn hppi`eh}`kl,

mh}hfhun a~le}`kl

Hl l}nvlhi a~le}`kl rd`ed vnhmu kv ~pmh}nu}dn mh}hfhun, ]dn mh}hfhun a~le}`klu hvn3Edhlbn Kfcne} $EDBKFC) Vn}v`nqn Kfcne}$V]QKFC) Evnh}n Kfcne} $EV]KFC) hlmMnin}n Kfcne} $MI]KFC),

ekgpklnl} edhlbn pvkenuu`lbHl h~}kgh}nm gphe} hlhiu`u }kki }dh}mn}nvg`lnu dkr h edhlbn }k h gkmni kfcne}haane}u k}dnv kfcne}u l }dn gkmni hlm vnekvmurdn}dnv }dn haane}nm kfcne}u lnnm }k fnnm`}nm kv vnbnlnvh}nm,

mh}h gkmniH vnpvnunl}h}`kl ka }dn lakvgh}`kl ~unm fh f~u`lnuu, H mh}h gkmni ekl}h`lu bvk~pu kamh}h ehiinm nl}`}`nu h}}v`f~}nu ka }dn nl}`}`nuhlm }dn vnih}`klud`pu fn}rnnl }dkun nl}`}`nukv fn}rnnl hl nl}`} hlm hl h}}v`f~}n,

eklm`}`klH qhi~n }dh} upne`a`nu }dn e`ve~gu}hlenu~lmnv rd`ed hl he}`kl kv un} ka he}`klu hvn }kfn ntne~}nm, @} hiuk mna`lnu }dn phv}`e~ihvqhi~n akv h a`nim,

mnu`bl gkmnieklm`}`klhi eklu}v~e}]dn i`fvhv }dh} dkimu }dn KU+=?? mh}hfhuna`inu }dh} ekgpkun }dn gkmni, ]dn gkmnii`fvhv dhu hl huuke`h}nm i`fvhv }dnbnlnvh}`kl i`fvhv rd`ed ekl}h`lu }dn uk~venekmn Hmqhl}hbn 6N bnlnvh}nu akv }dn gkmni,

H eklu}v~e} }dh} hiikru u}npu }k fneklm`}`klhii ntne~}nm r`}d`l }dn he}`klm`hbvhg ikb`e hlm bnlnvhii eklakvgu }klnu}nm @A ]DNL NIUN ikb`e u}h}ngnl}u kvUNINE] un}u,

mnu`bl kfcne}eklu}v~e}Unn gkmni kfcne},]dn uu}ng ka lk}h}`kl l hl he}`kl m`hbvhg

}k mna`ln h fk~lmhv akv pvkenm~vhi ikb`e,mnu`blnv]dn ~unv }pn }dh} ehl edhlbn hl hupne} ka}dn mnu`bl gkmni lei~m`lb mh}h

vnih}`klud`pu hlm a~le}`klhi upne`a`eh}`klu,@l bnlnvhi rdnl h mnu`blnv u ~u`lb h gkmnilk k}dnv ~unv ehl heenuu }dh} gkmni, Hmnu`blnv hiuk dhu }dn h~}dkv`} }k ikej hlm~likej kfcne}u, Hiuk jlkrl hu #MULV,

ekl}nt}]dn uk~ven ka h a`nim r`}d`l h a~le}`kl, H

phv}`e~ihv a`nim lhgn ehl fn pvnunl} unqnvhi}`gnu `l h a~le}`kl, ]dn ekl}nt} ka }dn a`nimm`aanvnl}`h}nu fn}rnnl }dnun lu}hlenu ka }dna`nim, Akv nthgpin h a`nim gh hppnhv kl hphlni hlm hiuk fn phv} ka h mh}hfhun a`in,

Bikuuhv―6 ]~}kv`hi

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a`vu} lkvghi akvg $8LA)

mnqnikpnv ntphlu`klH }nvg ~unm }k mnu`blh}n n`}dnv h mnu`blnv$#MULV) kv h pvkbvhggnv $#_BGV) rdnl hm`u}`le}`kl fn}rnnl }dn }rk ~unv }pnu u lk}

lnenuuhv, Mnu`blnvu hlm pvkbvhggnvu hvnka}nl vnanvvnm }k ekiine}`qni hu’mnqnikpnvu,‗

]dn pvkenuu ka vnukiq`lb hii vnih}`klu akv ha`in kv akv hii a`inu `l h gkmni, Akv nthgpinuledvkl`s`lb h gkmni eh~unu }dn ntphlu`kl

ka hii vnih}`klu }k vnf~`im }dn a`in nl}v`nu akvhii a`inu `l }dn gkmni,

nt}nvlhi a~le}`klmnq`en mnu`bl H a~le}`kl rd`ed u gpingnl}nm hu h

unphvh}n DII pvkbvhg vh}dnv }dhl hu hu~fvk~}`ln, Hii a~le}`klu hvn n`}dnv nt}nvlhikv `l}nvlhi,

]dn ihk~} ka h phlni kv vnpkv} huuke`h}nmr`}d h a~le}`kl,

mnq`en a~le}`kla`nim $Hmqhl}hbn 6N)H a~le}`kl rd`ed dhu h mnq`en mnu`bl

huuke`h}nm r`}d } u~ed hu Nm`} Vnekvm$NM]VEM) M`upih A`in $MU_A@I) Nm`}]vhluhe}`kl $NM]]VL) hlm _v`l} A`in$_V]A@I),

H mnuev`p}`kl ka hl `}ng ka mh}h, @} g~u}dhqn h lhgn hlm h a`nim }pn, A`nim lhgnugh fn ~p }k 6> edhvhe}nvu iklb, ]dn lhgnuka a`nimu g~u} fn ~l`x~n r`}d`l }dn mnu`bl

gkmni,

mkgh`la`nim }pnH un} ka pkuu`fin qhi~nu hl h}}v`f~}n ehl }hjn

hiklb r`}d }u mna`l`}`kl ka inlb}d hlm mh}h}pn u~ed hu l~gnv`e kv hipdh,

Hl huu`blnm }pn rd`ed mna`lnu }dn }pn kamh}h }dh} }dn a`nim vnpvnunl}u: akv nthgpin hl~gfnv kv h mh}n,

mlhg`e unine}`kla`in $Hmqhl}hbn 6N)Hl kp}`kl }dh} upne`a`nu }dh} hii vnekvmu hvn

`lei~mnm l }dn heenuu ph}d vnbhvminuu ka hlunine}+kg`} ev`}nv`h, ]dn vnekvmu hvn }dnla`i}nvnm f }dn uu}ng hu }dn hvn vnhm f hpvkbvhg,

H i`u} ka vnih}`klu }dh} mnuev`fn hl nl}`},Hmqhl}hbn 6N ehl h~}kgh}`ehii vnukiqn }dnvnih}`klu l}k h i`u} ka a`in nl}v`nu kv a`nimu,A`in lhgnu gh fn ~p }k 6> edhvhe}nvu iklb,]dn lhgnu ka Hmqhl}hbn 6N a`inu g~u} fn

~l`x~n r`}d`l }dn gkmni,nlm ~unv]dn pnvukl rdk ~unu }dn bnlnvh}nmhppi`eh}`kl klen `} `u `l pvkm~e}`kl, a`in nl}v

H a`nim }dh} hv`unu hu h vnu~i} ka vnukiq`lbHmqhl}hbn 6N vnih}`klu, Hl nl}v `lm`eh}nu}dn pvnunlen ka h a`nim kl h a`in, ]dn }dvnn}pnu mnpnlm`lb kl }dn }pn ka vnih}`klavkg rd`ed }dn a`nim u vnukiqnm hvn3 jna`nim nl}v h}}v`f~}n nl}v hlm q`v}~hi a`nimnl}v,

nl}`}Hl kfcne} rd`ed u u`bl`a`ehl} kv vninqhl} }k}dn f~u`lnuu } vnpvnunl}u: akv nthgpin hekgphl h pnvukl h pvkm~e}, Hl nl}`} `u hpk}nl}`hi a`in }k fn evnh}nm l }dn mh}h gkmnika k~v hppi`eh}`kl uu}ng,

a`in }pnnl}`}'vnih}`klud`p m`hbvhg $NVM)]dn mnuev`p}`kl ka dkr }dn a`in r`ii fn ~unm,

Nhed a`in g~u} fn kln ka }dn hiikrnm a`in}pnu3 u}v~e}~vn $U]V) vnanvnlen $VNA) kvehp}~vn $E_]),

H bvhpd`e edhv} ~unm }k vnekvm }dn nl}`}`nu

hlm nl}`} vnih}`klud`pu ~u`lb fktnu i`lnuhlm lk}h}`kl,

a`vu} lkvghi akvg $8LA)]dn lkvghi`sh}`kl v~in }dh} ni`g`lh}nuvnpnh}`lb bvk~pu ka mh}h avkg hl nl}`},

Bikuuhv―5

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akvn`bl jn a~le}`kl }pnH a`in nl}v }dh} `u }dn vnu~i} ka h vnih}`klud`pfn}rnnl }rk nl}`}`nu, ]dn vnih}`klud`p umna`lnm f h lkl'jn h}}v`f~}n ka kln nl}`}

}dh} nt`u}u hu }dn pv`ghv jn ka }dn k}dnvnl}`},

Kln ka h bvk~p ka pvkenuu }ngpih}nuHmqhl}hbn 6N pvkq`mnu u~ed hu NM]A@I,

bnlnvhi`sh}`kl]dn pvkenuu m~v`lb mh}h gkmni`lb kaekgf`l`lb }rk nl}`}`nu ka }dn uhgn eihuu l}kkln nl}`} hlm vnlhg`lb },a~le}`kl

H }ngpih}n pvkenuu }dh} kpnvh}nu kl h a`in kva`nim, H a~le}`kl unvqnu hu h f~`im`lb fikejr`}d rd`ed }k mnu`bl hppi`eh}`klu,

bnlnvh}hfin kfcne}u:mna`lnm

bnlnvh}`kl]dn evnh}`kl ka hppi`eh}`kl uk~ven ekmn avkgh Hmqhl}hbn 6N a~le}`kl mna`l`}`kl hlmmnq`en mnu`bl,

a~le}`kl a`nimH a`nim rdkun qhi~n u lk} pdu`ehii u}kvnm`l }dn mh}hfhun f~} u mnv`qnm avkg k}dnva`nimu kv a`inu, A~le}`kl a`nimu ehl fn pihenmkl mnq`en mnu`blu hlm ~unm `l he}`klm`hbvhgu,

bnlnvh}`kl i`fvhv]dn i`fvhv }dh} dkimu Hmqhl}hbn 6Nbnlnvh}nm uk~ven ekmn ekgp`inm kfcne}u hlmdnip }nt} akv h gkmni,

a~le}`kl kp}`klu]dn kp}`klhi anh}~vnu ka }dn u}hlmhvma~le}`klu,

bvk~p]d`u }nvg vnih}nu }k qnvu`klu ka a~le}`klu kvgnuuhbnu, Qnvu`klu ka }dn uhgn gkmni kfcne}akvg h bvk~p ka qnvu`klu,a~le}`kl phvhgn}nv

H a`nim rdkun qhi~n `u phuunm `l}k kv k~} ka ha~le}`kl rdnl } u ntne~}nm, Nhed phvhgn}nvehl dhqn h phvhgn}nv vkin hlm h phvhgn}nv~uhbn,

`gphe} hlhiu`u]dn pvkenuu ka mn}nvg`l`lb }dn `gphe} ka hpvkpkunm kv he}~hi edhlbn }k gkmni kfcne}u`l kvmnv }k nlu~vn }dn `l}nbv`} ka h un} kaedhlbnu f mnl}`a`lb hlm `lei~m`lbmnpnlmnl} kfcne}u, Hmqhl}hbn 6N `gphe}

hlhiu`u }kkiu lei~mn evkuu vnanvnlenekgghlmu l}nvhe}`qn phlniu }k mn}nvg`ln~uhbnu hlm vnanvnlenu u`g~ih}`kl hlmh~}kgh}nm ekgpklnl} edhlbn pvkenuu`lb,

a~le}`kl phvhgn}nv vkin]dn phvhgn}nv vkin }dh} upne`a`nu dkr h

phvhgn}nv u }k fn ~unm `l h a~le}`kl l}krd`ed } u phuunm, U}hlmhvm phvhgn}nv vkinu`lei~mn Vnu}v`e}kv _ku`}`klnv Ghp hlmQhv,

a~le}`kl phvhgn}nv ~uhbn `gpingnl}h}`kl]dn phvhgn}nv h}}v`f~}n }dh} upne`a`nurdn}dnv h a~le}`kl phvhgn}nv u }k fn phuunm}k hlm+kv vn}~vlnm avkg h Hmqhl}hbn 6Na~le}`kl, A~le}`kl phvhgn}nv ~uhbn `lei~mnu@lp~} K~}p~} Fk}d hlm Ln`}dnv,

]dn pvkenuu ka un}}`lb ~p k~v hppi`eh}`klhlm gkq`lb } l}k pvkm~e}`kl klen k~dhqn bnlnvh}nm hlm ekgp`inm uk~ven kfcne}u,

`gpingnl}h}`kl kfcne}u:mna`lnm

`gpingnl}h}`kl kfcne}a~le}`kl vnm`vne}`kl Kfcne}u u~ed hu bnlnvh}nm uk~ven hlm

ekgp`inm kfcne}u hu kppkunm }k gkmnikfcne}u, ]dn hvn hiuk jlkrl hu }vhm`}`klhi kv5BI $}d`vm bnlnvh}`kl ihlb~hbn) kfcne}u,

H pvkenuu rdnvnf }dn ~u`lb kfcne}u ka hb`qnl a~le}`kl $A^L) kv gnuuhbn $GUB) hvnvnm`vne}nm }k ~un hl hi}nvlh}`qn A^L kvGUB, ]d`u kee~vu rdnl k~ ghjn h qnvu`klka h a~le}`kl kv gnuuhbn e~vvnl}, `l}nvlhi a~le}`kl

H a~le}`kl rd`ed u bnlnvh}nm hu `l'i`ln ekmnr`}d`l }dn ehii`lb a~le}`kl,

Bikuuhv―= ]~}kv`hi

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KU+=??

`lqki~}`klH pvkenuu }dh} kee~vu rdnl hl nl}`} vnanvu}k `}unia, ]d`u `u jlkrl hu hl `lqki~}nmvnih}`kl, Hiuk ehiinm h unia vnanvnle`lb

vnih}`kl,

`}nvh}`qn eklu}v~e}H pvkbvhgg`lb eklu}v~e} }dh} vnpvnunl}uvnpn}`}`qn u}h}ngnl}u kv ikkpu }dh} r`ii fn`gpingnl}nm hu VN_NH] RD@IN ikb`er`}d`l }dn gh`l he}`kl m`hbvhg ikb`e,

jn]dn a`nim$u) ~unm }k ~l`x~ni mnl}`a hvnekvm `l h a`in,

i`u} nl}v]d`u u hlk}dnv }nvg akv gkmni kfcne} i`u}nl}v,

ikb`ehi a`in $KU+=??)H ikb`ehi q`nr ka }dn mh}h `l }dn pdu`ehi a`infhunm kl jn unx~nlen, Heenuu ph}du ehl fn`gpingnl}nm hu ikb`ehi a`inu,

gnuuhbn a~le}`klA~le}`kl }pnu rd`ed hiikr k~ }k unlmnvvkv u}h}~u kv lakvgh}`kl gnuuhbnu }k }dn`lqkj`lb pvkbvhg kv }k unlm `lakvgh}`kl }kk}dnv mnu}`lh}`klu u~ed hu u~fg`}}`lb h ckf }kfh}ed,

gkmni kfcne}Hmqhl}hbn 6N mnu`bl kfcne}u u~ed hu heenuuph}du a~le}`klu hlm a`nimu hu kppkunm }k`gpingnl}h}`kl kfcne}u u~ed hu bnlnvh}nmuk~ven kv h ekgp`inm kfcne},

gkmni kfcne} mnuev`p}`klH vnanvnlen }k h gkmni kfcne} `l }dn HiiKfcne}u i`u} $#HIIKFC), @} ekl}h`lu mn}h`inm`lakvgh}`kl hfk~} }dn he}~hi gkmni kfcne}, Hgkmni kfcne}‐u mnuev`p}`kl `u h~}kgh}`ehii~pmh}nm rdnlnqnv }dn gkmni kfcne} edhlbnu

hlm hu h vnu~i} hirhu vnaine}u }dn e~vvnl}u}h}n ka }dn kfcne},

gkmni kfcne} i`u} nl}vH vnanvnlen }k h gkmni kfcne} `l h lhgnmgkmni kfcne} i`u}, @} vnaine}u }dn u}h}n ka }dngkmni kfcne} h} }dn }`gn }dn i`u} nl}v rhu

evnh}nm kv vnavnudnm hlm hu h vnu~i}pvkq`mnu hl d`u}kv`ehi vnekvm ka }dn gkmnikfcne},

gkmni kfcne} i`u}H i`u} ka vnanvnlenu }k gkmni kfcne}u,

gkmni pvka`inH ~unv pvka`in huuke`h}nm r`}d h gkmnirdnvn k~ ehl mna`ln mnah~i}u akv qhv`k~upvkenuunu hlm a`in upne`a`eh}`klu akv hl`l}nvhe}`qn unuu`kl,

gkmni qhi~nH upne`a`e qhi~n akv h gkmni }dh} ekl}vkiuphv}`e~ihv anh}~vnu ka }dn l}nvhe}`qn ~un kaHmqhl}hbn 6N ekmn bnlnvh}`kl kv`gpingnl}h}`kl,

lkvghi`sh}`kl]dn pvkenuu ka ni`g`lh}`lb mh}h vnm~lmhle~u`lb upne`a`e u}hlmhvmu hlm v~inu l mh}hgkmni`lb,

lk}nphmH }ngpkvhv he}`kl m`hbvhg rd`ed ehl fn~unm }k ekp eklu}v~e}u fn}rnnl he}`kl

m`hbvhgu,

kfcne} $Hmqhl}hbn 6N)H mnu`bl ningnl} ka h Hmqhl}hbn 6N gkmni:akv lu}hlen h a`nim kv a~le}`kl, Unn hiukgkmni kfcne},

kfcne} }pnNhed Hmqhl}hbn 6N kfcne} g~u} fniklb }kkln ka }dn Hmqhl}hbn 6N kfcne} }pnu3 a`ina`nim eklm`}`kl gnuuhbn a~le}`kl heenuuph}d kv hppi`eh}`kl hvnh,

kpnl a~le}`kluHii a~le}`klu h u`lbin ~unv e~vvnl}i dhukpnl akv nm`}`lb,

KU+=??]dn Unv`nu kpnvh}`lb uu}ng,

Bikuuhv―>

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krl`lb gkmni kfcne}Env}h`l kfcne} }pnu nt`u} huuke`h}nm r`}d hlkrl`lb }pn, Akv nthgpin a~le}`klu $A^L)hlm heenuu ph}du $HE_) hvn krlnm f h a`in

$A@I) kfcne} }pn,

phlniH phlni `u m`upihnm f h mnq`en a~le}`kl,_hlniu hvn ekgpkunm ka h dnhmnv h akk}nvhlm h fkm,

phlni nl}v

vnanvnlen a`inKln ka }dn }rk }pnu ka mh}hfhun a`inu3Vnanvnlen a`inu ekl}h`l u}h}`e mh}h l ekl}vhu}}k ehp}~vn a`inu rd`ed ekl}h`l qkih}`in

}vhluhe}`klhi mh}h,

vnanvnlenu]dn vnanvnlenu akv h gkmni kfcne} hvn hiikfcne}u }dn gkmni kfcne} vnanvu }k kvekl}h`lu, Akv nthgpin hl l}nvlhi a~le}`kl uh vnanvnlen ka }dn nt}nvlhi a~le}`kl }dh}ekl}h`lu }, @l k}dnv rkvmu vnanvnlenu hvn }dn

]dn hppnhvhlen ka h a`nim kl h phlni mnq`enmnu`bl, _hlni nl}v`nu hv`un n`}dnv avkg }dnvnuki~}`kl ka heenuu ph}d vnih}`klu avkga~le}`kl phvhgn}nvu kv avkg ntpi`e`}upne`a`eh}`kl f }dn hppi`eh}`kl ~unv,

phvhgn}nvUnn a~le}`kl phvhgn}nv,

pv`ghv jnH edkunl h}}v`f~}n kv bvk~p ka h}}v`f~}nuhuu`blnm }k h phv}`e~ihv nl}`} }k ~l`x~nimna`ln } r`}d`l hl nl}`} vnih}`klud`p gkmni,

pvkbvhg]dn vnu~i} ka bnlnvh}`lb hlm ekgp`i`lb hHmqhl}hbn 6N a~le}`kl,

pvkbvhggnv

H ~unv }pn rdk ehl evnh}n edhlbn hlmmnin}n hl dnip }nt} heenuu ph}du a~le}`kluhlm hvvhu `lei~m`lb rkvj`lb r`}d he}`klm`hbvhgu hlm a`nim eklm`}`klu akv mh}hfhunhlm a~le}`kl a`nimu, H pvkbvhggnv ehllk}hi}nv }dn mh}hfhun a`inu kv a`nimu, @l bnlnvhipvkbvhggnvu ehllk} ~un h gkmni rd`in hmnu`blnv u ~u`lb }, Hiuk jlkrl hu #_BGV,

pvk}k}p`lb]dn pvnunl}h}`kl ka h vnhi`u}`e gkej ~p ka huu}ng ~unm }k qnv`a }dh} }dn mnu`bl gnn}u}dn kpnvh}`klhi vnx~`vngnl}u,

vnm`vne}`klUnn a~le}`kl vnm`vne}`kl,

gkmni kfcne}u }dn vnanvv`lb gkmni kfcne}vnx~`vnu l kvmnv }k fn ekgpin}n kv }k nt`u},

vnanvnl}`hi `l}nbv`} ednej`lb]dn pvkenuu }dh} nlu~vnu }dh} pvkpnvvnih}`klu fn}rnnl a`inu hvn gh`l}h`lnm, ]d`u

~u~hii gnhlu ghj`lb env}h`l akvn`bl jnuekl}h`l qhi`m qhi~nu l }dn vnanvnlenm a`inu,Hmqhl}hbn 6N a~le}`klu bnlnvh}n uk~venekmn f mnah~i} }k pvkq`mn vnanvnl}`hi`l}nbv`} ednej`lb,

vnih}`klH ekllne}`kl fn}rnnl kln nl}`} hlmhlk}dnv kv fn}rnnl hl nl}`} hlm hlh}}v`f~}n, Rdnl upne`a`nm l Hmqhl}hbn 6N hvnih}`kl mna`lnu }dn ekllne}`kl fn}rnnl a`inukv fn}rnnl h a`in hlm h a`nim `l }dn a`in,

vnih}`kl }pnH vnih}`kl g~u} fn kln ka h a`tnm l~gfnv ka}pnu: }dn }pn `u `lm`eh}nm f }dn qnvf ~unm}k vnpvnunl} }dn vnih}`kl u~ed hu Dhu kvJlkrl f,

vnu}v`e}kv phvhgn}nvKln ka }dn hiikrnm a~le}`kl phvhgn}nv vkinu,@a h a~le}`kl dhu h vnu}v`e}kv phvhgn}nv } ehlkli pvkenuu mh}hfhun vnekvmu rdkun jnugh}ed }dn vnu}v`e}kv, Hl mnq`en mnu`bl ugkm`a`nm h~}kgh}`ehii }k gnn} vnu}v`e}`klu,Vnu}v`e}kv phvhgn}nvu g~u} fn jn a`nimnl}v`nu kl }dn heenuu ph}d }k rd`ed }dna~le}`kl u h}}hednm,

Bikuuhv―1 ]~}kv`hi

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qnvu`kl

uneklm lkvghi akvg $6LA)]dn lkvghi`sh}`kl v~in }dh} ni`g`lh}nuh}}v`f~}nu }dh} hvn lk} mnpnlmnl} kl }dnpv`ghv jn, @l 6LA lkl'jn h}}v`f~}nu hvn

a~ii a~le}`klhii mnpnlmnl} kl }dn pv`ghvjn,

unine}+kg`} un}H edk`en }dh} mna`lnu ev`}nv`h akv }dn`lei~u`kl kv ntei~u`kl ka vnekvmu avkg }dnpdu`ehi a`in,

u~fa`in unine}kvH a`nim kl }dn ina} dhlm u`mn ka h u~fa`in ~unmakv upne`a`lb hl he}`kl }k fn }hjnl hbh`lu} hphv}`e~ihv u~fa`in vnekvm kv vnekvmu, Akv

mnq`en mnu`blu }dnvn r`ii lkvghii fn hu~fa`in unine}`kl qhi~n ntpihlh}`kl }nt} a`nim}k ntpih`l }dn hiikrnm qhi~nu akv }dn u~fa`inunine}kv,

uledvkl`sn h gkmni]dn ntphlu`kl ka vnih}`klu }k vnf~`im }dn a`innl}v`nu akv hii a`inu `l }dn gkmni,

unx~nlen eklu}v~e}]dn u`gpinu} he}`kl m`hbvhg eklu}v~e} rd`edupne`a`nu h i`u} ka he}`klu kv k}dnv eklu}v~e}u}dh} hvn }k fn ntne~}nm unx~nl}`hii,

unuu`kl i`u}H gkmni kfcne} i`u} }k rd`ed hii kfcne}u k~edhlbn m~v`lb h unuu`kl hvn ikbbnm,

u`g~ih}`kl ka h edhlbnH pvkenuu }dh} in}u k~ unn }dn `gphe} ka hpvkpkunm edhlbn }k h gkmni kfcne} kl k}dnvkfcne}u l k~v gkmni fnakvn k~ he}~hiighjn }dn edhlbn,

uk~ven a`in $KU+=??)H a`in upne`hii akvgh}}nm }k ekl}h`l pvkbvhguk~ven ekmn, @} u ~u~hii g~i}`'gngfnv r`}dnhed gngfnv ekl}h`l`lb h m`aanvnl} un} ka

uk~ven,

u}hlmhvm a~le}`klH a~le}`kl rd`ed upne`a`nu nl}`vn pvkbvhgu$nt}nvlhi a~le}`klu) kv u~fvk~}`lnu $`l}nvlhia~le}`klu), ]dnvn hvn }dvnn gh`l eihuunu kau}hlmhvm a~le}`klu3 mnq`en a~le}`klumh}hfhun a~le}`klu hlm ~unv a~le}`klu,

u}h}`e unine}`klHl kp}`kl }dh} upne`a`nu }dh} kli }dkunvnekvmu }dh} uh}`ua unine}+kg`} ev`}nv`h hvn`lei~mnm l }dn heenuu ph}d,

u~fa`in]dn phv} ka h phlni }dh} ekl}h`lu h vnpnh}`lbmn}h`i akvgh} u~ed hu }dh} lnnmnm akv h i`u}iklbnv }dhl kln phbn,

}d`vm lkvghi akvg $5LA)]dn lkvghi`sh}`kl v~in }dh} ni`g`lh}nu lkl'jn mnpnlmnle`nu fn}rnnl h}}v`f~}nu ka hlnl}`}, @l 5LA lkl'jn h}}v`f~}nu hvng~}~hii `lmnpnlmnl},

~l`x~n jnH a`in jn }dh} nlu~vnu nhed vnekvm `l }dn a`in`u ~l`x~n,

~uhbnu]dn ~uhbnu akv h gkmni kfcne} hvn hii kfcne}u}dh} ~un }dn gkmni kfcne}, ]dn hvn hiukehiinm ~u`lb kfcne}u,

~unvH ~unv }pn }dh} `u i`g`}nm }k q`nr`lb }dngkmni hlm ehllk} edhlbn }, Hiuk jlkrl hu

#^UNV,

~unv a~le}`klH a~le}`kl }dh} u nl}`vni ~unv upne`a`nm,

~unv pk`l}H pk`l} `l hl he}`kl m`hbvhg h} rd`ed k~ehl lunv} ikb`e, H ~unv pk`l} `u lm`eh}nm fhl hvvkr kl }dn ahv v`bd} `l }dn he}`klm`hbvhg nm`}kv,

qnvu`klH gkmni kfcne} }dh} kv`b`lh}nm hu h ekp ka

n`}dnv h a~le}`kl $A^L) kv h gnuuhbn $GUB),Qnvu`klu ka }dn uhgn kv`b`lh}`lb gkmnikfcne} hvn i`ljnm }kbn}dnv }k akvg h bvk~p kakfcne}u,

Bikuuhv―2

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q`v}~hi a`nimH a`nim }dh} u ikb`ehii f~} lk} pdu`ehiipvnunl} kl hl heenuu ph}d, Q`v}~hi a`nimu hvn}dn vnu~i} ka upne`a`lb }dh} a`nimu `l h vnih}nm

a`in hvn }k fn `lei~mnm kl hl heenuu ph}d,

q`v}~hi a`nim nl}vHl nl}v rd`ed mnuev`fnu }dn pvnunlen ka ha`nim kl h a`in kv heenuu ph}d hu h vnu~i} ka h

 ck`l r`}d hlk}dnv a`in, Q v}~hi a`nimu ehl klifn upne`a`nm akv }dn Krlnm f Vnanvu }k hlmNt}nlmnm f vnih}`klu,

r`lmkrH phlni kl rd`ed `lakvgh}`kl hppnhvu }dh}`u lk} lnenuuhv`i h a~ii phlni, R`lmkru ehlfn qhv`lb u`snu hlm ehl fn pku`}`klnm l

qhv`lb ikeh}`klu,

Bikuuhv―4 ]~}kv`hi

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@lmnt

H Heenuu _h}d Mn}h`iu) 5'18) 5'11

Heenuu _h}du) 5'>6

Heenuu _h}du hlm A~le}`klu) >'8

Heenuu`lb Unuu`kl I`u}) 1'=1

He}`klM`hbvhgu) ='=6]nt}) ='8?4

He}`kl Fhv Lhq`bh}`kl) 1'8=

Hmm`lbMn}h`iu ka Nt}nlmnm Vnih}`klu) 5'52A`nim Eklm`}`kl Mn}h`i) 5'62

A`nim Eklm`}`klu) 5'6>A~le}`kl A`nimu) 4'8?A~le}`klu) ='1Gkvn Vnih}`klu) 5'5=Lnr Gnuuhbn A~le}`kl) ='16_v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu) 4'6=]nt} }k }dn A`vu} Gnuuhbn) ='11Qhi`mh}`kl _vkenm~vn) ='=0Q`v}~hi A`nimu) 5'=6) 2'2

Hmqhl}hbn 6N Mnqnikpgnl} I`an Eein) 8'=

Hl`gh}n A~le}`klu _hlni) 1'=

Hppi`eh}`kl

Nl}`}`nu) 5'6Gh`l}nlhlen) 1'8

H}}v`f~}nu akv Nhed Nl}`}) 5'5

F Fh}ed Bnlnvh}`kl) 2'86

E Edhlbn ]pn) 1'48

Edhlb`lbVnanvnlenm _h}d) 5'2?R`lmkr M`gnlu`klu) ='50

Ekgpin}`lb Vnx~nu}u) >'2

Eklm`}`kl Qhi~nu) >'86

Ekla`vg _vkgp}u) ='8?8

Evnh}`lbLnr A~le}`klu) ='2Uphl Heenuu _h}d) 2'5

M Mh}h Gkmni) 5'8

Mneihv`lb Gkvn A`inu) 5'6?

Mnah~i}

Heenuu _h}du) 5'>=Mnq`en Mnu`bl Akvgh}u) ='88Nt}nvlhi A~le}`klu) ='5A~le}`klu) ='5Vnpkv} Ihk~}) 4'4

Mna`l`lbKfcne}u) 5'8>

@lmnt―8

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_hvhgn}nv Mn}h`iu) ='04_v`l} A~le}`kl) 4'6Vnx~`vngnl}u) 6'8Uneklm He}`kl) ='26

Mnin}`lb h Gkmni I`u} Nl}v) 1'52

Mnq`en Mnu`blu) ='0

M`upih A~le}`klu akv Unine}`kl) >'>

M`upih`lbA~le}`kl Mn}h`iu) ='4Unine}nm Vnih}`klu) 5'58

Mke~gnl}`lb Vnih}`klu) 5'66

N Nm`}

He}`kl A~le}`kl Lhgn _hlni) ='10Mh}hfhun Vnih}`klu) 5'86Uevnnl Akvgh} Mn}h`iu) ='82]vhluhe}`kl) 2'8

Nm`}`lbHe}`kl M`hbvhg) ='>?Mnah~i} Mnq`en Mnu`bl) ='8=Gkmni Kfcne}u) 1'55Lnr A~le}`kl) 1'>?_hlni Akvgh}) ='82Unuu`kl I`u}) 1'6=

Nm`}`lb Gnuuhbn ]nt}) 1'>=

Ngfnmm`lb _v`l} Vhen Nl}v`nu) 4'56

Nl}nv`lbLnr A`nim Lhgn) 5'=4Vnih}`kl U}h}ngnl}u) 5'86

Nl}`} l`x~n @mnl}`a`nv) 5'>

Nt`}`lb }dn He}`kl M`hbvhg) ='>0

Nt}nlm`lb Vnih}`klu) 5'56) 5'5>

A A`nim Mn}h`iu hlm Eklm`}`klu) 5'65

A`in H}}v`f~}nu) 5'68

A~le}`klA`nimu) 2'84

Kp}`klu) ='4?_hvhgn}nvu) ='0=Qnvu`kl`lb) 1'=5

A~le}`klu @l}vkm~e}`kl) ='8) 1'8?) 1'62

B Bnlnvh}`lb hlm Evnh}`lb Kfcne}u) >'2

D D`mmnl A`nimu l U~fa`in Vnekvm Akvgh}) ='51

@ @gphe} Hlhiu`u) 1'4?

@lunv}`lbEklm`}`kl) ='>5U`lbin He}`kl) ='>5

@l}nvhe}`qn Mnq`en Mnu`bl) 1'6

@l}vkm~e}`kl) 8'8

@lqkj`lb }dn Mnq`en Mnu`bl) ='5>

C  Ckf I`u} Ekgghlmu) 1'>0

I I`lj`lb A~le}`klu) ='45) ='4=

G Gnuuhbn

A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu) ='1>A~le}`kl ]nt}) ='22A~le}`klu) ='18

@lmnt―6 ]~}kv`hi

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GkmniI`u} ka Vnanvnlenu) 1'20Kfcne}

Evkuu Vnanvnlenu) 1'2?I`u}u) 1'66

^uhbnu _hlni) 1'26

Gkm`a`lb hl He}`kl) ='8?4

L Lhg`lb

A~le}`kl) ='0?Unine}+Kg`} Un}) 5'12Qnvu`klu) 1'=0

Lnr Ehun Eklu}v~e}) ='41

Lnr A~le}`kl) ='00

Lkvghi`sn Nl}`}`nu) 5'2

K Kpnl A~le}`klu _hlni) 1'2

_ _h}d Heenuu Akvgh}u) 2'=

_ku`}`kl`lb Gkmni Kfcne} I`u}) 1'62

_v`l}A`in A~le}`kl) 4'8

Vnlhg`lb A`nimu) 5'=2

Vnuledvkl`s`lb Mnu`bl Gkmni) >'8>

Vn}v`nqhi Heenuu _h}d) 5'>1

U Uhq`lb Gkm`a`nm _hlniu) ='888

Unx~nlen ka Vnih}`klu) 5'5=

Udkv}nl`lb A`nim Ihfniu) ='80

Upne`a`lbEdnej Eklm`}`kl) 5'60A~le}`kl _hvhgn}nvu) ='01Kfcne} H}}v`f~}nu) 5'8>

Q`v}~hi A`nimu) 5'=?U}h}`e hlm Mlhg`e Unine}`klu) 5'16

U~fg`}}`lb A~le}`kl akv Bnlnvh}`kl) 2'=6

U~fu}`}~}`kl Qhv`hfin) 1'>>

] ]nu}`lb Ekgp`inm _vkbvhg) >'81

^ ^lmnvu}hlm`lb A~le}`kl Mn}h`iu) ='2

^u`lbHm 6 8 >