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Page 1: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation

AIX, PowerVM &PowerHA Software

Page 2: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation2

�Strong, stable, non-disruptive roadmap

�Improved Efficiency through Virtualization

�Outstanding Performance

�Innovation through integrated Development

Why AIX is the Premier UNIX® Platform Today

Page 3: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation3

POWER4 P690(2002)

List Price ~$3M32 Processors

rPerf – 60.6Weight 1000kg

POWER 710(2010)

List Price ~$11K6 ProcessorsrPerf 76.69

Weight 28kg

=

Power Systems Scalability and Value Growth

Page 4: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation4

Networks and network storage

ServiceProcessor

Processors

Memory

Expansion slots

Local devices & storage

CoD

Resources

Power Hypervisor

LinuxPartitions

Virtual Network

AIX5.3

Virtual Processors Virtual Adapters

5.25.2

WPAR

5.35.3

7.17.1

WPAR

VirtualI/O

Server

VirtualNetwork

& Storage

SLICLinuxKernels

AIX 6/7 Partitions

AIXKernels

VirtualI/O

Server

VirtualNetwork

& Storage

IBM i

WPAR

HMC

PowerVM key design points• Designed for high efficiency to provide high overall performance• Designed for high scalability – linear from 1/20 to 256 cores• Designed for isolation to provide security and “no compromise” consolidation • Designed for maximum resource granularity to reduce wasting resources

PowerVM Virtualization Architecture

Page 5: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation5 5

IBM*MultipleDevice Drivers

IBM*EMC / HDS / IBM / HPStorage

IBM*Symantec / IBM / EMCBackup / Recovery

IBMCisco, HP, Dell, IBMSystem

IBM*Symantec / Steeleye /

Microsoft / VMware / Red HatHigh Availability

IBM*Red Hat / Novell / SUN /

MicrosoftOS

IBM*Microsoft / Oracle / IBMDataBase

X86 ServersPower

Systems

Processor Intel / AMD IBM

Firmware Phoenix or other IBM

Virtualization VMware / Xen / KVM / Microsoft IBM

Networking Cisco / HP / IBM IBM*

Innovation & Integration: End to End

* Can chose a 3rd party option

Page 6: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation6

LOAD BALANCER

500TPS

500 TPS

With Capacity on Demand andPowerVM you can automatically handle the largest workload spikes –without paying for unused capacity

With Capacity on Demand andPowerVM you can automatically handle the largest workload spikes –without paying for unused capacity

500TPS

500TPS

1500 TPS

1500 TPS

1500 TPS

1500 TPS

1500 TPS

1500 TPS

1500 TPS

1500 TPS

PowerVM and Elastic Capacity on Demand

Page 7: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation7

Source: IBM Software Group Competitive Study

Wasted Resources

Number of Virtual Servers On the Physical Server

Competitor

5.75

12.806

22.8

31.07

20.04

15.06

9.86

5.22

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

1 2 3 4

IBM Power 750

% C

PU

Uti

lizati

on

(32 c

ore

s)

3% CPU overhead

with 2 VMs

11% CPU overhead

with 4 VMs

7% CPU overhead

with 3 VMs

PowerVM Hypervisor is More Efficient than Competition

Page 8: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation8

AIX 5200-06 CAPP/EAL4+Application: 01/11/05Final report: 10/26/05Certificate: 12/14/05

AIX 5L 5200-05 andPitbull LSPP/EAL4+

Application :01/11/05

Certificate issued: 05/16/06

AIX 5300-05 LSPP/EAL4+

Pitbull product Supports P5, P4Certificate issued: 12/19/06

Pitbull MLS Ported to AIX 5300-03

Pitbull product available to customers Dec 31, 05

LegendAIX V5.2AIX V5.3

AIX 6AIX 7 VIOS

POWER6POWER7

Certification HistoryAIX 4.2 C2: Apr 24, 1997AIX 4.3 C2: May 6, 19987

AIX 5.2 CAPP/EAL4+ : Nov 4, 2002POWER4 HW CAPP/EAL4+ : Apr 2003AIX 5.2 ML1 CAPP/EAL4+ : Sept 8, 2003AIX 5.2 ML6 CAPP/EAL4+ : Dec 14, 2005

AIX 5.2 ML5 and Pitbull LSPP: May 16, 2006AIX 5.3 TL5 and Pitbull LSPP: May 16, 2006AIX 5.2 TL4 & VIOS CAPP/EAL4+: Dec 16, 2006POWER6: Dec, 2007AIX 6: May 26, 2008

AIX 7: Sept , 2012POWER7: June 2013

POWER6 Hardware EAL4+

Dynamic LPAR with

MicroPartitioning

AIX 6100-00) CAPP/RBACPP/LSPP/EAL4+

MLS capabilities integrated into standard AIX product

One certification for 3 Protection Profiles

Supports P6, P5, P4

2006 20072005

AIX & Power Systems Security Certifications

AIX 7100-00) OSPP Version 2.0

OSPP-Advanced MgmtOSPP – Crypto

OSPP – Integrity VerificationOSPP – Labeled Security

OSPP - VirtualizationSupports P7, P6, P5, P4

2012

AIX 5300-04 CAPP/EAL4+Supports P5, P4Certificate issued: 12/19/06

VIOS EAL4+Included with AIX 53.00-04 CAPP/EAL4+

2013

POWER7 Hardware EAL4+

Dynamic LPAR with MicroPartitioning

Page 9: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation9

Virtualization Security

PowerVM hypervisor has never had a reported security vulnerability and provides the bullet-proof security that customers demand for mission-critical workloads

Dare to compare – search any security tracking DB and compare Power against x86

IBM

0 reported security breeches

on the PowerVM hypervisor

Page 10: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation10

Unlike x86-based virtualization products, the PowerVM hypervisor is secure by design. IBM is the only vendor that has designed the virtualized

environment from ‘bare metal’ through the hypervisor.

PowerVM hypervisor is part of the digitally-signed firmware with strong

cryptography which makes it very difficult to attack.

There are zero vulnerabilities reported against the PowerVM hypervisor by

US CERT or by MITRE Corporation

PowerVM is certified at a Common Criteria Evaluated Assurance Level 4+

Remember, zero is a number too …a very good number in the Security domain.

PowerVM delivers firmware-based security

Page 11: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation11

SAP on Power versus competitive SAP deployments study with over 54,150 clients analyzed

The security for ERP systems, including SAP, can be very challenging – by nature, the mixture of application modules, user profiles, plug-in components and so on, provide many avenues for security breaches

IBM

Source: Business Impacts on SAP Deployments; Solitaire Interglobal Ltd (All rights reserved); January 2013.

0 reported security breeches

with SAP and IBM DB2 or

Oracle DB2 on Power

Security of SAP deployments on Power

Page 12: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation12

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

1

10

100

1,000

10,000

Number of Common Vulnerability Exposures per YearSource: NIST - web.nvd.nist.gov/view/vuln/statistics

Linux Kernel

AIX

Common Security Vulnerabilities: AIX versus Linux

Page 13: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation13

Scalability beyond x86�Optimization well beyond 4 sockets – up to 256 cores

�Elastic capacity on demand to provide flexible change in capacity

Highly efficient virtualization based on mainframe technology�Allows flexibility to automatically respond to workload changes�Improved IT agility to support new business initiatives

Built-in security�Firmware based hypervisor

�Proprietary operating system features

Availability – avoiding unplanned and planned outages�Mainframe inspired hardware resilience and reliability design

�AIX features designed to isolate and avoid outages

Summary: Why Power versus X86

Page 14: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation14

PowerSC provides a security and compliance solution to protect datacenters virtualized with PowerVM enabling higher quality services

Capabilities

Trusted Logging The SVM/VIOS capture all LPAR audit

log information in real time.

Trusted BootBoot images and OS are

cryptographically signed and validated using a virtual Trusted Platform Module

(vTPM)

Trusted Firewall Provide integrated firewall inside of

the virtual network infrastructure

Security Compliance Automation (PowerSC Express)

Pre-built compliance profiles that match various industry standards such as

Payment Card Industry, HIPAA, DOD and Sox/Cobit. Activated and Reported on

centrally using AIX Profile Mgr

�Business Requirements

Compliance automationand reporting

Tamper-proof logs

Defense againsttampering

Integrated networksecurity

Compliance and Audit to

External Standards

Compliance and Audit

Guarantee that the OS has not been hacked or

compromised in any way

Protected tiers of network access

Trusted Network Connect and Patch Management

Detect any system attempting to access the network and determine if it is at the correct security patch and

update level.

Notification ofUnpatched systems

Ensure that every Virtual System has appropriate

security patches

PowerSC Standard Edition

Page 15: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation15

Challenge: Prevent malicious users from “covering their tracks.”

Power SC Solution: Move log events to a secure external VM via the hypervisor. Centralized logging ensures that even when virtual machines are discarded the audit logs remain on the central location for audit purposes.

• Discourage malicious activity by ensuring individual accountability; trace actions to authenticated individuals.

• Reduce the time it takes to identify tampering and/or unauthorized changes

• Reduce the time it takes to demonstrate Security Compliance by maintaining strict control over audit logs.

How PowerSC works: •Trusted Logging provides tamperproof secure centralized protection for AIX audit and system logs and is integrated with PowerVM virtualization. •Limited access to the Secure VM to a few privileged super users•Guest VM logs can be managed and backed up from a single location within each physical server. •Log scraping agents and reporting agents can be removed from guest OS.

PowerSC – Trusted Logging

Page 16: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation16

Challenge: Ensure that every virtual machine image in your datacenter hasn’t be altered either by accident or maliciously.

PowerSC Solution: Trusted Boot forms the core root of trust for the image, i.e. a foundation for trust. Each stage of the boot process measures the next, starting at the firmware.

• PowerSC offers the only solution on the market to form a chain of trust for VMs all the way from boot to application!

• Improve QoS by reducing the risk of accidental or malicious image tampering

• Reduce the time it takes to ensure that every VM in your datacenter is running authorized and trusted software.

How PowerSC works:1.Measure the boot process and securely store the results in a Virtual Trusted Platform Module(vTPM)2.Provide a sealed set of measurements to the requestor3.Verify these measurements against a reference manifest

Applications

O/S

Kernel

BIOS

PowerSC – Trusted Boot and Trusted Execution

Page 17: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation17

Challenge: Ensure that images are trusted and at the proper patch level when they connect to the network.

PowerSC Solution: Trusted Network Connect and Patch Management detects noncompliant virtual machines during activation and alerts administrators immediately.

• Reduce business risk by active notification of down level systems via email and SMS.

• Lower admin costs by automatically spotting non compliant systems within the virtual data center and cloud environments

• Lower costs of demonstrating compliance. Monitoring at virtual machine activation proves compliance to patch policy

Out of

compliance

How PowerSC works: • An image that does not meet trusted measurements and patch levels will trigger an alert to the administrator.

PowerSC – Trusted Network Connect

Page 18: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation18

Challenge: Ensure that every virtual machine has appropriate network isolation with the best possible performance.

PowerSC Solution: Trusted Firewall provides network isolation for VMs and layer 2,3,4 firewalling between virtual workloads within the server.

• Improves performance by providing network firewall services within the server not requiring an external firewall for VM to VM traffic on the same CEC.

• Reduces network resource consumption by not using network resources for VM to VM network traffic when VMs are running on the same CEC.

How PowerSC works:1.When network traffic flows from one VM to another on the same CEC, the Trusted Firewall which is running in the VIO server provides network isolation and firewall services between VMs.2. Trusted Firewall is managed just like any firewall with either Tivoli Netcool or BladecenterHarmony Manager or via the command line.

App ServerApp Server

Power Hypervisor

DB ServerDB Server

ExternalFirewallExternalFirewall

Power Systems Server

VIOSVIOS

PowerSC – Trusted Firewall

Page 19: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation19

Challenge: Demonstrate compliance to Regulatory standards by setting security configurations on systems in a uniform manner.

PowerSC solution: Compare settings across all of the systems in the datacenter against prebuilt profiles, e.g. Payment Card Industry (PCI), HIPAA, DoD STIG and COBIT.

• Lower Administration costs by setting security configs in a repeatable manner

• Lower Admin costs by automating compliance reporting

• Automatic remediation of servers that are out of compliance

How PowerSC works: • A single dashboard monitors compliance and generates audit reports.• Sets and checks compliance for systems based on prebuilt security profiles

PowerSC – Security Compliance Automation

Page 20: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation20

AIX Workload Partitions (“WPARs”)

What is it?

�Virtualized AIX operating system environments within a single AIX image

�Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed

�Applications and users inside a WPAR cannot affect resources outside the WPAR

�Each WPAR can have a regulated share of processor, memory and other resources

�Two types of WPAR:�System WPARs have separate

security and appear like a completely

separate OS

�Application WPARs are manageability

wrappers around a single application

AIX Global Instancein an LPAR

ApplicationServerWPAR

AIX 5.2

BillingServerWPAR

AIX 5.3Test

WPAR

WebServerWPAR

AIX 7.1

DB2OLTPWPAR

PowerVM™ Hypervisor

Memory

Page 21: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation21

Change to the mkwpar command

Simple Migration from LPAR to WPAR:•Create a mksysb image of the LPAR•Provision any datavg’s to the new LPAR•Create a WPAR, specifying the mksysbimage

Options:•Create the WPAR “in-place” in the same LPAR

•Create a Shared WPAR

• Shared (read-only) /usr and /opt with the global for ease of maintenance and reduced storage and memory footprint

•Create a Detached WPAR• Private (writable) /usr and /opt directly

from the mksysb

LPAR B

LPAR A

WAS

Workload

/usr/opt

WPARAdam

mksysb

mkwpar

WAS

LPAR to WPAR

Page 22: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation22

Active Memory Expansion compresses in-memory data to fit more data into memory

� Increases the effective amount of memory capacity

Initial version of active memory expansion is managed by the OS and hypervisor

� OS compresses and decompress data based on memory accesses

Memory compression is transparent to applications

Active Memory Expansion requires additional CPU utilization for compression

� CPU utilization will vary based on workload

Active Memory Expansion is configurable on a per-LPAR basis

� Supports dedicated memory LPAR’s and active memory sharing LPAR’s

Expand memory capacity through in-memory data compression

Active Memory Expansion – POWER7+ & AIX

Page 23: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation23

POWER7+ uses on-chip hardware accelerator to do some of the compression / decompression work. There is a knee-of-cure relationship for CPU resource required for memory expansion

� Even with POWER7+ hardware accelerator there is some resource required.

� The more memory expansion done, the more CPU resource required

Knee varies depending on how compressible memory contents are

% CPU

utilization for expansion

Amount of memory expansion

POWER7 POWER7+

Active Memory Expansion - CPU & Performance

Demo

Page 24: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation24

Application Memory Region

Me

mo

ry S

pa

ce

Hot Pages

Warm Pages

Cold Pages

Compressed

ExpandedMemory

Hot Pages

Warm Pages

No AME With AME

Enhanced Active Memory Expansion

Compressed

With POWER7+ AME

Page 25: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation25

Note: This is an illustrative scenario based on using a sample workload. This data represents measured results in a controlled lab environment. Your results may vary.

Max Partition throughput: 99 tps Max Partition Throughput: 166 tps

Without Active Memory ExpansionPartition utilization

� Memory: 100% (18 GB)� CPU: 46% (12 cores in LPAR)

Memory capacity is the bottle-neck

� CPU is under-utilized� Handles 1000 simulated users

With Active Memory ExpansionPartition utilization

� Memory: 100% (18 GB true)� CPU: 88% (12 cores in LPAR) Note:

Most of the CPU increase is due to additional work done on server

Higher throughput enabled with the same amount of physical memory� Gain 37% memory capacity� Handles 1700 simulated users

+ 65%

12-core POWER7 partition24.7 GB Memory

18 GB true .6.7 GB expanded

12-core POWER7 partition18 GB Memory18 GB true .0 GB expanded

Expanded Memory

SAP ERP Workload:(DataBase + AppServer)

Page 26: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation26

Time

Syste

m P

erf

orm

an

ce

� Optimize software to fully utilizemore cores in parallel

� Optimize systems for specific

workloads►Balanced resources

►Special purpose accelerators

Workload Optimizations

� Silicon improvements will continue to

allow more transistors on a chip►Multi-core chips

►Servers with more parallel threads

►Specialized chip accelerators

Silicon Technology

In the past, thismay require manualoptimization

Workload Optimizations

Boost Performance And Improve Price Performance

Page 27: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation27

AIX Dynamic System Optimization

Performance Monitoring Unit

Kernel Statistics Resource Allocations

� Runs as a daemon in AIX� Analyzes process statistics over time

� Identifies processes for optimization

� Provides 4 optimization strategies� Cache affinity using dynamic RSETs

� Memory affinity

� Shared memory optimization

� Data stream pre-fetch optimization

� Monitors and adjusts optimizations as needed

PID 1

PID 2

PID 3

PID 4

PID 5

PID 6

PID 7

PID 8

Monitor Processes Optimize

AIX Dynamic System Optimization : How does it work?

Page 28: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation28

Looks for ways to optimize Cache Affinity�Analyzes cache access patterns of a workload by gathering information from

the kernel and PMU

�Makes changes based on predictions• Could take at least 30 minutes of monitoring a stable workload before making any

changes

�Continues to monitor workload and if changes don’t yield the expected result it

immediately reverts them

Optimizer relocates workloads to same socket for best cache affinity

L3 Cache

DSO Cache Affinity Optimizer

Page 29: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation29

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

DayTrader SPECJBB-MOD COPR-DB2 COPR-Proc SDET

Original

With DSO

Re

lati

ve

Pe

rfo

rma

nce %

Dynamic System Optimization Performance Summary

Page 30: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation30

Systems subject to Processor / Memory Affinity issues transition in dynamic multi-core systems…

Partition placement can become sub-optimal � Dynamic creation and deletion of partitions� DLPAR operations� Partition Mobility

Platform will provide a mechanism to optimize partition placement dynamically� Available: 4Q12� Requires eFW: 7.60

Dynamic Platform Optimization Overview

Processor / Memory Defragmentation

Page 31: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation31

Partition XMemory

Partition YMemory

Partition ZMemory

Free LMBs

Legend

Dynamic Platform Optimizer Function

Page 32: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation32

AIX Editions

Cap

abili

ty

AIX StandardEdition

AIX EnterpriseEdition

AIX ExpressEdition

AIX is available in three different editions:

–AIX Standard Edition•Suitable for most UNIX workloads•Vertical scalability up to 256 cores (AIX 7)

–AIX Enterprise Edition•AIX plus enterprise management •Includes AIX Standard Edition plus

management components from Systems Director, Tivoli and the Workload Partitions Manager for AIX

•Vertical scalability up to 256 cores (AIX 7)

–AIX Express Edition•Lower priced edition targeted a low end servers and

consolidation of smaller workloads on larger servers •Includes most of the functionality of AIX Standard Edition•Vertical scalability is limited to 4 cores and 8GB of memory per core in a single partition•Clients can use multiple AIX Express Edition partitions in a single larger server

Page 33: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation33

AIX Enterprise Edition Past

AIX 7 or AIX 6

WPAR Manager

Systems Director Enterprise

Edition� IBM System Director

�Active Energy Manager

�VMControl Enterprise Edition

�Network Control

�Transition Manager for HP® SIM

�Service and Support Manager

Tivoli Products� IBM Tivoli Monitoring

� IBM Tivoli Monitoring for Energy

Management

�Tivoli Application Dependency

Discovery ManagerDate

AIX Enterprise Edition Future

AIX 7 or AIX 6

WPAR Manager

PowerVC

PowerSC Standard Edition

Active System Optimizer

SmartCloud Entry for Power+Director Storage Control

+Systems Director Standard Edition• IBM System Director

• Active Energy Manager

• Network Control

• Transition Manager for HP® SIM

• Service and Support Manager

=VMControl Enterprise Edition

Tivoli Products� IBM Tivoli Monitoring

AIX Enterprise Edition Content Changes

Page 34: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation34

New AIX tuning option (schedo) to more aggressively drive higher SMT levels for scaled throughput versus lower SMT levels for raw thread performance on all POWER7 systems

Scaled-Throughput Approach (Biased to SMT4)

Core 1 Core 1 Core 1 Core 1 Core 2 Core 2 Core NCore 1Core 1 Core 1 Core 1Core 1 Core 1 Core 1Core 1Core 1 Core 1 Core 1Core 1Core 1Core 1 Core 2 Core 2Core 2

Default Processor Folding Approach

Core 3Core 2 Core 1Core 1 Core 2 Core 1 Core N

SMT4SMT1 SMT2

`̀`̀

Core 1Core 1Core 1Core 1 Core 2Core 2 Core 1 Core 1

P

D DDDT

P TT

PP PP P

Per LPAR behavior

D D D DDDT

PT T T TT

P P P

Effect on System

D - Development

- TestT

- Production P

AIX Scaled Throughput Processor Folding Option

Page 35: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation35

New PowerVM and Virtualization Features

Live Partition Mobility for IBM i (1H12)

Allow 1/20 core minimum entitlement

LPM Concurrency Improvements

LPM Performance Improvements

Usability enhancements

VIOS Performance Advisor

Shared Storage Pools Improvements

PowerSC Trusted Surveyor

PowerSC Express – HIPAA profile

Page 36: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation36

CPU Section Snapshot� Proactive VIOS Health

Check

� Provides Advise on how to Tune the VIO Server Before Problems Occur

� Shipped with PowerVM 2.2.2

� Reports are viewed with a web browser

� Can be use as a historical measure of performance

New!! VIOS Performance Advisor

Page 37: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation37

Extending Integrated Storage Virtualization Beyond a Single Server

PowerVM PowerVM with Shared Storage PoolsNW

SSP enables optimized utilization of SAN resources across many Power Servers

SSP provides space efficient virtual storage that can be rapidly provisioned

Storage Pool Storage Pool Storage Pool Storage Pool

Server

VIOS

LPAR

LPAR

LPAR

Server

VIOS

LPAR

LPAR

LPAR

Server

VIOS

LPAR

LPAR

LPAR

Server

VIOS

LPAR

LPAR

LPAR

Server

VIOS

LPAR

LPAR

LPAR

Server

VIOS

LPAR

LPAR

LPAR

Advantages of Shared Storage

• Cost savings through sharing; efficient utilization of physical I/O

• Facilitates server consolidation by enabling more LPARs (increased density)

• Agility: quick LPAR deployment / teardown

• Simplify Live Partition Mobility

• Reduce SAN infrastructure and SAN management costs

• Reduce datacenter footprint

PowerVM – Shared Storage Pools (SSP)

Page 38: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation38

Increase scaling to 16 nodes in a cluster

Scalability Improvements

Storage Utilization Statistics and Reporting

Cluster Level RAS Improvements

VIOS Shared Storage Pools Updates

Page 39: AIX, PowerVM & PowerHA Software - IBM · PDF fileenvironments within a single AIX image Each WPAR shares the single AIX operating system but can be separately managed Applications

© 2013 IBM Corporation39

Virtualization

Compute Memory

Significant value in the tight integration of server, storage and network aspects

� Allocate resources on the target host.� Provide access (re-zone/re-mask) to the virtual server storage on the target host� Move the required network resources and state� Move the virtual server in-memory state to target host.� De-allocating resources on the source host.

Virtual Server

Compute MemoryIO / Network

Virtual Server

IO / Network

SW

OS

SW

OS

SW

OS

SW

OSSW

OS

SW

OS

Virtual Server

Virtualization

Virtual Server

Virtual Server Relocation within a System Pool

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What is it?• VM Remote Restart automates VM restarts in the case of server failure

• Improves availability of systems by recovering faster from server HW failure• Works with AIX, IBM i or Linux VMs• Requires VMControl Enterprise Edition• VMControl automates failover via system pools

• Requires PowerVM Enterprise Edition

PowerVM Remote VM Restart Automation with VMControl

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Themes Driving the Future AIX & Power Software

Enabling the next generation of Power Systems�Processors, Systems, I/O, Storage, accelerators, etc.

Simplification of Cloud and scalable virtualization�Deployment , initial configuration, and management simplification

Advanced Workload Optimization and Enablement of Emerging Workloads�Dynamic Optimization, Scale-out workloads, Big Data

Increased Uptime�Reduced planned downtime and continuous availability enablers

�AIX Lifecycle adjustments

All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject to change or

withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.

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AIX Release Plan

*All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.

-Marketed & serviced -Fee-based service extension

-Serviced only -Web support only

-Technology Level Update

-Last TL Update

202320222021 20242020201920182017201620152014201320122011

AIX 5.3GA 08/04EoM 4/11

AIX

6.1 & EE

GA 11/07

AIX

7.1 & EE

GA 9/10EoL

9/24EoS 9/20EoM 04/19

EoM 04/16 EoS 9/17

EoS 04/12

EoL4/21

EoL04/16

Year 3Year 2Year 1

AIX 5.3 Extended Support5.3 Extended Support Offering

Year 1&2 Ser Packs and New HW SupportYear 3 phone support and iFixes

TL9

TL7TL6TL5TL4TL3TL2TL1

TL8TL7

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2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

AIX 5.3GA EOS

4/12

Year 3Year 1 Year 2

AIX 5.3 Service Extension

TL124/10

EOM4/11

AIX 5.3 service Extension Offering Content

* Entitlement will be required to download Service Extension Service Packs from Fix Central

• Phone service for usage questions and problem determination

• Some new hardware support• Two planned Service Packs*

• Phone support for usage questions and problem determination

• Some new hardware support• Two planned Service Packs*

• Phone support for usage questionsand problem determination

• No new hardware support• Interim Fixes only

Year 3Year 1 Year 2

AIX 5.3 Service Extension

No Native POWER8 Support

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High Availability Clustering Solutions

High Availability (HA) Management

�Business continuity by workload failovers�Provides for redundant operating environment�Automated workload bring ups�Environment specific outage actions�Planned and unplanned outage management

Disaster Recovery (DR) Management

�Geographically dispersed locations�Host based or Storage based replication�Simplified compliance testing

Data Center Clustering

External LAN

LAN 1 LAN 2

SAN 1

SAN 2

Heartbeat 1

Heartbeat 2

Logical server

Multi-Site Clustering

External LAN

LAN 1 LAN 2

SAN 1

SAN 2

Heartbeat 1

Heartbeat 2

Logical server

External LAN

LAN 1 LAN 2

SAN 1

SAN 2

Heartbeat 1

Heartbeat 2

Logical server

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PowerHA SystemMirror Editions

PowerHA SystemMirror Standard Edition

Cluster management for the data center

� Monitors, detects and reacts to events

� Establishes a heartbeat between the systems

� Enables automatic switch-overIBM shared storage clustering

� Can enable near-continuous application service

� Minimize impact of planned & unplanned

outages

� Ease of use for HA operations

PowerHA SystemMirror Enterprise Edition

Cluster management for the Enterprise� Multi-site cluster management � Includes the Standard Edition function

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LPAR

PowerHA Cluster

LPAR

Application

Hypervisor

LPAR LPAR

Hypervisor

CoD Spare PoolInactive Pool

PowerHA: Resource Optimized High Availability

PowerHA provides for LPAR resource management during failovers

Can readjust resources from the free pool

Can enable CPU and memory as needed using CoD

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Oracle DB 5 CPU

Banner DB 5 CPU

Standby 5 CPU

Standby 5 CPU

Standby 5 CPU

Standby 5 CPU

PeopleSoft 5 CPU

Financial DB 5 CPU

System A System B

Cluster 1

Cluster 2

Cluster 3

Cluster 4

PowerHA SystemMirror: DLPAR Value Proposition

Oracle DB 1 CPU

Banner DB 1 CPU

Standby 1 CPU

Standby 1 CPU

Standby 1 CPU

Standby 1 CPU

PeopleSoft 1 CPU

Financial DB 1 CPU

System A System B

+ 4 CPU

+ 4 CPU

+ 4 CPU

+ 4 CPU

Acquired

via DLPAR

with App

Acquired

via DLPAR

with App

Cluster 1

Cluster 2

Cluster 3

Cluster 4

PowerHA license counts:Cluster 1 : 10 CPUsCluster 2 : 10 CPUs

Cluster 3 : 10 CPUsCluster 4 : 10 CPUs

Total : 40 licenses

HMC

Environment using dedicated CPU model (No DLPAR)

Environment using DLPAR modelPowerHA license counts:Cluster 1 : 6 CPUsCluster 2 : 6 CPUsCluster 3 : 6 CPUsCluster 4 : 6 CPUs

Total : 24 licenses

System A – 12 CPUsSystem B – 12 CPUs

System A: 20 CPUsSystem B: 20 CPUs

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PowerHA SystemMirror Enterprise Ed�Two distinct options for multi-site

deployments

�Each option provide configurations

optimized for customer requirements

Stretched Cluster�Exploits multicast communications

�Triple redundant heartbeat

�Campus/Metro deployments

Linked Cluster�Enables two sites with independent

networks (campus or cross country)

�Suitable for campus, metro and cross

country deployments

Two-Site Stretched Cluster

Two-Site Linked Cluster

Future capability*

Repository Disk

PowerHA 7.1 Two-Site Solutions

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Site 2

PowerHA

Site 1

S PPRC

PowerHA

MPIO

MPIO

MPIO

Primary Secondary

Legend:Active Path

Passive Path

� Designed to dramatically improve service availability

� Eliminates most outages caused by storage errors

� Uses IBM Storage device Peer to Peer Remote Copy functionality

� Similar to IBM System z GDPS Hyperswap capability

Continuous Availability for Storage

PowerHA SystemMirror for AIX Hyperswap

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Questions?