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  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 1

    Accordion CourseFor Beginners

    Accordion CourseFor Beginners

    eBook

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 2

    INTRODUCTIONWelcome to Enzo Giribaldis Accordion Course For Beginners.

    What is an eBook?

    With todays technology we are able to create talking books. This allows for an author to incorporate sound and video in the book so as to allow the student to read, view and hear the exercise within the book

    This eBook incorporates text - pictures - sound fi les and video fi les.

    When you see the Accordion Icon you can do the following..Using the HAND POINTER place it over the icon and thePOINTER will change to an index fi nger hand pointer.Click on the icon with your mouse button.If the fi le is a Sound Clip - you will hear only sound/music.If the fi le is a Video Clip - you will see and hear the video clip.

    It is strongly recommended that you print out this eBook preferably in Color!Print the odd pages fi rst then place them back into the printer tray upside down and print the even pages.

    You can then bind the pages into a BOOK!!Combine your printed copy with your Computer Screen to view and hear the exercises.

    This is the Video Player that will pop up when you click on any of the Accordion Icon Video Clips.

    Stop - Start Play

    Click Here to close the video clip.

    You can play the video clip as many times as you want.

    Simply click on the Stop - Start Play button.

    AccordionIcon

    WelcomeMessage

    In order for the video clips to function you must install...The latest version of QuickTime on your PC. Its available for both Win & Mac platforms from... http://www.apple.com/quicktime/download Its Free!and.... The Adobe Reader 6 from http://www.adobe.com Its Free!

    Try It Now!

    Try It Now!

    SampleVideo Clip

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 3

    ABOUT THEAUTHOR

    Enzo began learning to play the accordion from the age of fi ve years old from the local parish priest in a small northern Italian town. He soon was introduced to formal lessons from Maestro Carlo Ferrero.

    Enzo won his fi rst competition when he was six years old. At the age of nine years old his family emigrated to Australia where he con-tinued his studies with a German teacher, Otto Weiss located in Sydney.

    At the age of 17 years old he continued his studies with Maestro Dante Simonelli who had also emigrated to Australia. Maestro Simonelli had produced Italian and World Champions and under his tutoring Enzo improved immensely, so much so that he was destined to become one of the best accordionists in Australia.

    Maestro Simonelli was not only a great teacher of accordion but was himself a world class ac-cordionist who was a close friend of the great Gervasio Marcosignori. Enzo was fortunate to have met Marcosignori during his frequent tours of Australia and in fact was invited by Marcosignori to take part in the tour as a sup-port artist.

    Aged twenty, Enzo began to teach accordion under the supervision of Maestro Simonelli. During this time Enzo had been playing in Australias largest Italian club, Club Marconi with his quartet. Enzo also completed a Theory of Music course at the Conservatorium of Music - Sydney.

    Aged twenty four Enzo opened his fi rst music school and in a short time he had a total of four music schools with twenty two teachers working for him teaching about 600 students

    of which about half were learning the accordion. Dur-ing this time Enzo produced local, state and Australian champions.

    The reason for his teaching success was that Enzo invent-ed new teaching techniques which helped his students learn quicker and at the same time making the learning experience pleasant and enjoyable. He basically broke away from traditional teaching which was too stringent and lacked the fun in learning an instrument.

    To list all his achievements would be too lengthy, but one achievement Enzo is very proud of is that his dance band was nominated for Australias most prestigious award, (The Australian Entertainment MO Awards) in the category of Best Accompanying Band Cat-egory no less than SIX times in consecutive years, winning the award TWICE! What was special about Enzos win was that no other band before or since had won the award with an ACCORDIONIST as the band leader!

    The author, Enzo Giribaldis Accordion Course for Beginners is to our knowledge, the only accordion ebook available today!

    In this book Enzo puts his immense experience in teaching and playing the accordion to the fore.

    Unlike other authors, Enzo can be heard playing the exercises and also includes some of his favorite tunes for the stu-dent to listen to. This is both designed to inspire students and also to reinforce the ability and credibility of the author.

    Enzo with the cavortedMO Award

    Enzos first competition win.

    Father - Teacher & Organiser.

    Enzos fi rst band whilst still at school.

    Accordion Quartet

    Enzos Quartet at Club Marconi

    Enzos Quintet at Club Marconi

    Enzos Tempo 7 TV Appearance

    Enzos Club Band

    Enzo circa 1990

    Enzos Award winning band - 1998

    Enzo - 2005

    Listen to Enzo playThe Choo Choo Samba

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 4

    Items covered in this eBook

    ABOUT THE AUTHOR

    Apart from reading and acquainting yourself with your teacher (Enzo Giribaldi) you can also hear Enzo play the Choo Choo Samba.

    HOW TO READ & PLAY MUSIC

    Beginning with the basics at fi rst, the eBook gradually introduces new material throughout the book such as:

    The StaffFingeringClefsNote ValuesTime SignaturesCounting TimeBasic Accordion PartsPlaying Bass & ChordsBellow controlRepeat SignsRestsTied NotesOctavesDotted NotesAccidentalsScales

    Each new item is explained and in most cases a video clip is available to view and hear how the particular exercise should be played.

    Throughout the eBook, exercises include color coding, arrows and text notes so the student is alerted to the new technique hand.

    It is strongly recommended that

    you print out this eBook in Color!

    Print the odd pages fi rst then place them back into the printer tray and then

    print the even pages.

    You can then bind the pages into a BOOK!!

    Use your Computer Screen to view and hear the exercises.

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 5

    ====

    In order to read this book or any other book you had to learn the alphabet (A,B,C, etc.)In order to read music we use the fi rst SEVEN letters of the alphabet to name the notes.

    The letters are....

    A B C D E F G

    Thats it! - With only seven letters we can identify every key and bass notes on the accordion.

    How we do this will be explained step by step as we progress through each lesson.

    You may have seen before at some time or other some printed music and you may have noticed that music is written using lines.

    Below you can see some lines for music notes to be placed on them.

    We call this a STAFF.

    A staff consists of FIVE LINES.

    The distance between a LINE and the next LINE is called a SPACE.

    Therefore a STAFF consists of 5 LINES AND 4 SPACES

    How to read music

    ====5th Line

    1st Line

    2nd Line

    3rd Line

    4th Line4th Space

    3rd Space

    2nd Space

    1st Space

    wwwwwwww

    wIn the staff below notes have been placed on all the lines and spaces.

    Before we begin to play the accordion we need to learn to read music notation.

    Be patient and make sure you understand how to read the notes as explained below and locate them on your accordion. Once you fully understand how to read music you will begin to play what you have learnt in the next lesson.

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 6

    =======ED

    F

    E FA

    CG

    B

    The Lines The Spaces

    SUMMARY

    The notes on the lines are E G B D F The notes in the spaces are F A C E

    The notes BELOW the lines (Below the staff) are C and DThe notes ABOVE the lines (Above the staff) are G and A

    ====w w ww----wC D

    F GE

    A

    =======wwwwwww w w

    Because the accordion has many more notes than the ones shown before, we place notes ABOVE andBELOW the STAFF as well.

    We can add a note above and below the staff. (Shown in RED)

    We can add more notes above and below the staff and to do this we use.....Leger LINES. (Shown in GREEN)

    w

    w----w

    ----w

    C DF G

    A

    FEDCB

    G

    LEGER LINE

    LEGER LINE

    E

    Learn the saying - Every Good Boy Deserves Fruit and that the spaces spell FACE.

    This way you will always know the names of the lines and spaces.

    The notes we need to know for NOW are shown below.

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 7

    ====w w ww----wC D

    F GE

    The note before the TWO BLACK NOTES is C.

    The next FOUR white notes are D E F G.

    For now we will only use FIVE notes i.e. C D E F G. Each played with adifferent fi nger. See Fingering below.

    LEFT HAND RIGHT HAND

    FIRST FINGER (Thumb)is always indicated with the number 1SECOND FINGER (Index)is always indicated with the number 2THIRD FINGER (Middle)is always indicated with the number 3FOURTH FINGER (Ring Finger)is always indicated with the number 4FIFTH FINGER (Little Finger)is always indicated with the number 5

    FINGERING

    1 1

    223 34 4

    55

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 8

    ========&--

    &When you see this sign at the beggining of a STAFF - it means that all the notes written on that staff will be played with the RIGHT HAND and on theKEYBOARD side of the accordion

    This sign is called the TREBLE Clef, also known as the G Clef.

    There is also a Clef for the LEFT HAND which is the BASS Clef, also known as the F Clef. (This clef will be covered later.)

    q q qQQ Q

    The Treble Clef

    q qq

    QQ Q Q

    =====w w ww----wC D

    F GE&

    Below are the FIVE notes we are going to play soon.

    Before we play these notes we have to learn about...NOTE VALUES and COUNTING TIME.

    --

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 9

    w

    qqqq

    h h

    ee e e e e ee

    NOTE VALUES

    Whole Note = 4 Beats

    Half Notes = 2 Beats

    Quarter Notes = 1 Beat

    Eighth Notes = Half Beat

    On the next page you will learn how to COUNT TIME.

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 10

    ====

    ====l===l&44

    TIME SIGNATURES

    &44

    This is a Time Signature - It tells us how many beats are in each BAR OF MUSIC

    This is a BAR This is a BAR

    In this case a 4 over a 4 tells us that there areFOUR BEATS per bar.

    This is a BAR LINE - It is used to separate one bar from another.

    What is a BEAT?A beat is a REGULAR AND EVEN PULSE -

    just like your heart beat or the ticking of a clock.

    Listen to a clock. Consider each tick of a clock as being a beat.In the example below you would press the C note and would play it until you fi nished counting up to FOUR - (FOUR SECONDS/BEATS)

    ====l===l&44

    ====ll&44----w

    C

    COUNT 1 2 3 4

    ----wC

    wD

    COUNT 1 2 3 4 COUNT 1 2 3 4

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 11

    ====l===l&44----w

    CwD

    COUNT 1 2 3 4 COUNT 1 2 3 4

    Lets Play!

    To play the TWO WHOLE notes below do the following.1 Start with the bellows closed.2 Put your fi rst fi nger (Thumb) on the C note.3 Press the C note and pull the bellows out AND count 1234 nice and steady.4 Press the next key (D) with the second fi nger AND count 1234 nice and steady.

    Remember to count evenly!

    ===l==l==l==l==l==l==l==l==[& 44w---- w w w

    w w w w w----C D E F G F E D C

    Open Bellows Open Bellows Close Bellows Open Bellows

    1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4COUNT

    FINGERING 1 2 3 4 5 4 3 2 1

    The following exercise is very important.DO NOT RUSH - COUNT ALOUD - COUNT EVENLY!

    Repeat many times so as to master the opening and the closing of the bellows.

    PLAYING WHOLE NOTES

    Close Bellows

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 12

    Close Bellows

    ====l===l===l===l===[& 44h_ h h h h h h h w----

    1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

    These are ALL HALF NOTESThis is aWHOLE NOTE

    C D E F G F E D C

    Open Bellows Open Bellows

    Lets Play! PLAYING HALF NOTES

    To play the FOUR HALF notes below do the following.1 Start with the bellows closed.2 Put your fi rst fi nger (Thumb) on the C note3 Press the C note and pull the bellows out AND count 1 2 nice and steady.4 Press the next note (D) with the second fi nger - Keep pulling the bellows out AND count 3 4 nice and steady.5 Press the next note (E) with the third fi nger and continue to pull the bellows OUT AND count 1 2 nice and steady.6 Press the next note (F) with the fourth fi nger and continue pulling the bellows out AND count 3 4 nice and steady.

    Repeat the exercise many times making sure that you are counting evenly.

    Remember to count evenly! (Like a clock!)

    ====l===l&44----w

    COUNT 1 2 3 4

    C

    wD

    wE

    wF

    COUNT 1 2 3 4

    FINGERING 1 2 3 4

    Using the same method as above - play the following exercise.Please note the last note is a WHOLE NOTE so remember to hold it for FOUR COUNTS!

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 13

    The Basic Accordion PartsTreble Keyboard Bellows

    AirButton

    BassStrap

    TrebleCouplers

    BassCouplers

    About half waydown from the top

    there is aBass buttonwith a hole.

    This is theC BASS

    TheBass

    Section

    ==qAccordion Sizes8 Bass 60 Bass12 Bass 72 Bass16 Bass 75 Bass24 Bass 80 Bass32 Bass 96 Bass40 Bass 111 Bass48 Bass 120 Bass50 Bass 140 Bass

    If you dont have a FULL SIZE accordion (120 Bass)you can located the C BASS easily.

    About half waydown from the top

    there is aBass buttonwith a hole.This is theC BASS

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 14

    The Bass Clef

    When you see this sign at the beginning of a STAFF - it means that all the notes written on that staff will be played with the LEFT HAND and on theBASS side of the accordion

    This sign is called the BASS Clef, also known as the F Clef.

    ==============[Qq--qqq qq----q

    --q

    Q --QQQQ QBASS CHORDS

    C D E F G A B C D E F G A B C D

    In the example below a Bass is played followed by TWO Chords

    Because there are THREE beats in each bar THE TIME SIGNATURE is indicated as

    The Bass is played with the 4th fi nger and the Chords with the 3rd fi nger. This RHYTHM is known as the WALTZ - UM PAH PAH - UM PAH PAH etc.

    CFingering 4 4

    ====l===l3 q

    --Q--Qq

    --Q--Q4

    CM CM CM CM Fingering 3 3 3 3

    Bass Note Bass Note

    Chords (C Major Chords)

    34

    Please study the following pages which are designed to help you locate where the Basses and Chords are on the Accordion.

    --Q

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 15

    FundamentalBass Row

    Major Chord Row

    1st R

    ow -

    Cou

    nter

    Bas

    s

    2nd

    Row

    - F

    unda

    men

    tal B

    ass

    3rd

    Row

    - M

    ajor

    Cho

    rds

    4th

    Row

    - M

    inor

    Cho

    rds

    5th

    Row

    - S

    even

    th

    6th

    Row

    - D

    imin

    ishe

    d C

    hord

    s

    C CM

    G GM

    F FM

    10thRow FromTheBottom

    Location of Bass Buttons & Bass Chords

    Diagram Of LayoutFor Bass Buttons

    =====qQ--

    The C BASS(RED)Is written thus.

    The CM (GREEN)Is written thus.

    C CMFingering 4 3

    Locate this button.It has a HOLE

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 16

    But First! What are Basses and What are Chords?

    The accordion and other instruments like the Piano - Organ - Keyboards and Guitar can be used to play a MELODY and an ACCOMPANIMENT at the same time.

    When you listen to a song, you often fi nd yourself tapping your foot to the beat of the song. This beat you are tapping is the STRONG BEAT.

    In between the strong beat there are WEAK beats which normally you would not tap your foot.

    If we take the WALTZ as an example, it consists of ONE STRONG BEAT followed by TWO WEAK BEATS. As explained earlier the waltz is often referred to as the beat that goes UM-PAH-PAH UM-PAH-PAH etc. In this case the UM is the STRONG BEAT and the PAH-PAH are the WEAK BEATS.

    C C====l===l3 q

    --Q--Qq

    --Q--Q4

    CM CM CM CM

    UM

    PAH PAH PAH PAH

    UM

    The UM is the Bass and the PAH-PAH are the ChordsAs can bee seen from the previous page the accordion BASS SECTION consists of rows of buttons that go from top to bottom in straight lines and thus forming rows of buttons going across diagonally.

    BE

    LL

    OW

    S SI

    DE

    Cou

    nter

    Bas

    s -

    1ST

    RO

    W

    Fund

    amen

    tal B

    ass

    - 2N

    D R

    OW

    Maj

    or C

    hord

    - 3

    RD

    RO

    W

    Min

    or C

    hord

    - 4

    TH

    RO

    W

    Seve

    nth

    Cho

    rd -

    5T

    H R

    OW

    Dim

    inis

    hed

    Cho

    rd -

    6T

    H R

    OW

    As can be seen from the diagram on the left - the Bass section of the Accor-dion is made up of 6 rows of buttons going up and down forming many rows going diagonally.

    1 The row nearest the bellows contains the Counter Bass - 1ST ROW2 The next row contains the Fundamental Bass - 2ND ROW 3 The next row contains the Major Chord - 3RD ROW4 The next row contains the Minor Chord - 4TH ROW5 The next row contains the Seventh Chord - 5TH ROW6 The next row contains Diminished Chord - 6TH ROW

    To begin to play the Basses and Chords we are going to use the.....Fundamental Bass - 2ND ROW and the Major Chord - 3RD ROW

    Please note: CM indicates that a C Major chord has to be played. M stands for Major Chord - Later you will learn to play Cm which stands for C Minor Chord, C7 which is the C Seventh Chord & C Dim which is the C Diminished Chord.

    3 q--Q--Qq

    --Q--Q4

    C

    CM

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 17

    =====qQ-- The CM (MAJOR CHORD)(GREEN)Is written thus.

    C CMFingering 4 3

    Lets Play! Basses & ChordsBefore you begin this section make sure you fully understand the layout of the bass section as shown in the previous pages.

    You would have noticed in the previous pages that the layout of the bass section consists of rows of buttons from top to bottom and rows of buttons (At an angle) from left to right.

    A full size accordion has 120 bass buttons and the smaller accordions have less. Some com-mon ones are... 96 Bass - 48 Bass - 24 bass - 12 Bass and 8 bass for the toddlers.If you have one of the smaller accordions the C Bass is always found about the middle of the vertical rows

    1. Locate the C BASS (The one with the hole). See previous page for help in locating it. 2. Place your left hand through the Bass strap and place your 4th fi nger on the C Bass.3. Place the 3rd fi nger on the CM Chord (C Major Chord).4. Press the C BASS - lift the fi nger and then press the CM CHORD - lift the fi nger. Do this whilst opening or closing the bellows. REPEAT MANY TIMES!5. Make sure you are only pressing ONE button at a time by having your left hand well through the bass strap and with the fi ngers curved over the buttons.

    The C (BASS)(RED)Is written thus.

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 18

    Bass Exercises1 Place your 4th fi nger on the C Bass - Press to play it by pulling on the bellows.2 Place your 3rd fi nger on the C Major Chord - Press to play it - Do this 3 times because there are THREE C Major Chords to play.3 Now play the second bar which is exactly like the fi rst bar.4 Make sure you count aloud and evenly - Slow at fi rst and with practice you will be able to play it quicker.

    Now we are going to play the G BASS and the G MAJOR CHORD in the same manner as you did for the exercise above.. They are marked in BLUE for the bass and in PURPLE for the chord on the diagram. As you can see - you have to move UP one Row.

    4 q--Q

    44 4C bass C Bass

    CM CM 3 3

    Count 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

    --Q--Q--Q--Q--Qq

    GM

    CM

    G

    C=====l====l4 4G bass G Bass

    GM GM 3 3

    Count 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

    4==4 q

    Q QQQQQq

    =====l====l4 4F bass F Bass

    FM FM 3 3

    Count 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

    4==4 q

    Q QQQQQq

    Now we are going to play the F BASS and the F MAJOR CHORD in the same manner as you did for the exercises above.. They are marked in BLUE for the bass and in BLUE for the chord on the diagram. As you can see - you have to move DOWN one Row Below C.

    GM

    CM

    G

    CFM

    F

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 19

    Bass Exercises Continued

    =====l====l4 q

    --Q4

    4 4C bass C Bass

    CM CM 3 3

    Count 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

    --Q--Q--Q--Q--Qq

    =====l====l4 4G bass G Bass

    GM GM 3 3

    Count 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

    4==4 q

    Q QQQQQq

    =====l====l4 q

    --Q4

    4 4C bass C Bass

    CM CM 3 3

    Count 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

    --Q--Q--Q--Q--Qq

    =====l====l4 4F bass F Bass

    FM FM 3 3

    Count 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

    4==4 q

    Q QQQQQq

    =====l====l4 q

    --Q4

    4 4C bass C Bass

    CM CM 3 3

    Count 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

    --Q--Q--Q--Q--Qq

    Play this linethen go straightinto the next line.

    Go UP one rowto play this next line

    Go DOWN one rowto play this next line

    Go DOWN one row to play this next line

    Go UP one row to play this last line.

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 20

    Lets Put It All Together Now!

    Things to remember when playing the following exercise.1 Count Evenly2 Keep your right hand fi ngers curved and each one on the notes youre going to play.3 4th fi nger of your left hand for the Bass note and the 3rd fi nger for the Chords.4 Progress from one bar to the next evenly maintaining a steady count.5 Practice slowly at fi rst and repeat many times.6 Try to play ONE line whilst opening the BELLOWS and one line whilst closing the bellows

    ======================& 44 w_ w w w

    ======================? 44 _ _ _

    _ _ _ l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    =======================& w w w w w_

    =======================? _ _ _

    _ _ _ w_wl

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    CM CM FM

    CM

    GM

    GM CM GM CM

    C G C F

    C G C G C

    C D E F

    G F E D C

    Count 1 2 3 4

    Bass & ChordTogetherHold for 4 Beats

    PLAYING WHOLE NOTES WITH THE BASSES

    Open Bellows

    Close Bellows

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 21

    PLAYING HALF NOTES WITH THE BASSES

    Things to remember when playing the following exercise.1 Count Evenly2 Keep your right hand fi ngers curved and each one on the notes youre going to play.3 4th fi nger of your left hand for the Bass note and the 3rd fi nger for the Chords.4 Progress from one bar to the next evenly maintaining a steady count.5 Practice slowly at fi rst and repeat many times.6 Try to play ONE line whilst opening the BELLOWS and one line whilst closing the bellows

    ========& 44 _

    1

    C

    3

    E

    ========? 44 _

    CM _ _l

    llll l

    llll

    From here on the Bass note will not be shown with a letter. Only the CHORD name will be displayed. The reason for this is because the name of the Bass note and the Chord are both the same.

    =======================& 44 _

    1

    C

    3

    E

    5

    G

    3

    E

    4

    F

    2

    D

    3

    E

    _1

    C

    =======================? 44 _

    CM _ _ _ _ _ GM

    CM _ _ _l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    =======================& _

    1

    C

    3

    E

    5

    G

    3

    E

    4

    F

    2

    D

    w_1

    C

    =======================? _

    CM _ _ _ _ _ GM

    w_wCM

    l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    Count 1 2 3 4 Etc.

    Please note that the notes in the right hand (Treble) in the following tune are now mixed

    Bass & ChordTogether

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 22

    Things to remember when playing the following exercise.1 Count Evenly2 Keep your right hand fi ngers curved and each one on the notes youre going to play.3 4th fi nger of your left hand for the Bass note and the 3rd fi nger for the Chords.4 Progress from one bar to the next evenly maintaining a steady count.5 Practice slowly at fi rst and repeat many times.

    Count 1 2 3 4 Etc.

    PLAYING QUARTER NOTES WITH THE BASSES

    =======================& 44 _

    1

    C

    2

    D

    3

    E

    4

    F

    5

    G

    4

    F

    3

    E

    2

    D

    w_1

    C

    =======================? 44 _

    CM _ _ GM w

    w_CMl

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    =======================& _

    1

    C

    3

    E

    2

    D

    4

    F

    3

    E

    5

    G

    4

    F

    2

    D

    w_1

    C

    =======================? _

    CM _ _ _CM _ _ w_w

    CM

    l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    Please note that the notes in the right hand (Treble) in the following tune are now mixed

    =======================& 44 _1

    C

    3

    E

    5

    G

    3

    E

    2

    D

    5

    G

    4

    F

    2

    D

    _1

    C

    3

    E

    5

    G

    3

    E

    5

    G

    4

    F

    3

    E

    2

    D

    =======================? 44 _CM _ _

    GM _CM _ _

    GM l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll

    =======================& _1

    C

    _1

    C

    2

    D

    3

    E

    4

    F

    4

    F

    4

    F

    4

    F

    5

    G

    4

    F

    3

    E

    2

    D

    w_1

    C

    =======================? _CM _ _

    FM GM w

    w_CMl

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll

    Please note that the notes in the right hand (Treble) in the following tune are now mixed

    Bass & ChordTogether

    Bass & ChordTogether

    Bass & ChordTogether

    Count 1 2 3 4

    Count 1 2 3 4

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 23

    All Together Now!Things to remember when playing the following exercise.1 Count Evenly2 Keep your right hand fi ngers curved and each one on the notes youre going to play.3 4th fi nger of your left hand for the Bass note and the 3rd fi nger for the Chords.4 Progress from one bar to the next evenly maintaining a steady count.5 Practice slowly at fi rst and repeat many times.6 Try to play ONE line whilst opening the BELLOWS and one line whilst closing the bellows

    =======================& 44 5

    3

    3

    4

    2

    2

    _1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    5

    5

    =======================? 44 _CM _ _

    GM _CM

    GM

    _CM _ _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& 5

    1

    1

    4

    2

    2

    _1

    3

    5

    5

    w3

    =======================? _CM _ _

    GM _CM

    GM

    _CM _ _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& 2

    2

    2

    2

    2

    3

    4

    3

    3

    3

    3

    3

    4

    5

    =======================? GM

    GM _CM _ _ _

    CM _ _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& 5

    3

    3

    4

    2

    2

    _1

    3

    5

    5

    w_1

    =======================? _CM _ _

    GM _CM

    GM

    _CM

    _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    Count 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

    Careful Here!

    Careful Here!

    Careful Here!

    =====l===l===[==qQ__ Q__ Q__

    qQ__ Q__ Q__

    qQ__ Qq

    C

    CM

    G

    GM

    C

    CM

    C

    CM

    Play C Bass - C Major Chord THEN G Bass - G Major Chord

    In the next tuneWatch OutFor THIS!

    CM

    Bass & ChordTogether

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 24

    THE DOTTED HALF NOTE

    THE DOTTED HALF NOTE and the 3/4 TIME SIGNATURE

    A HALF note with a dot next to it equals 3 BEATSA HALF note is 2 beats therefore the dot adds HALF of what the note is. In this case 2+1=3

    h . = 3 BEATS

    This is a 3/4 time signature. It means that there are THREE BEATS in each BAR

    l====l==l==l==l==l==l==l==l==[ C D E F G F E D C

    & 43h .__ h .h .h .h .h .h .h . h .__

    COUNT 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3

    Close BellowsOpen Bellows

    h.

    =======================& 34 _ .1

    C

    .2

    D

    .3

    E

    .4

    F

    .5

    G

    =======================? 34 _CM _

    GM _ CM _

    GM _CM _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& .4

    F

    .3

    E

    .2

    D

    _ .1

    C

    .4

    F

    =======================? FM

    _CM _ GM

    _CM _ FM l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& .3

    E

    .2

    D

    _ .1

    C

    _ .1

    C

    =======================? _CM _

    GM _ CM _ ._

    .l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    Things to remember when playing the following exercise.1 Count Evenly2 Keep your right hand fi ngers curved and each one on the notes youre going to play.3 4th fi nger of your left hand for the Bass note and the 3rd fi nger for the Chords.4 Progress from one bar to the next evenly maintaining a steady count.5 Practice slowly at fi rst and repeat many times.

    Count 1 2 3 Etc.

    Bass & ChordTogetherCM

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 25

    In the following Tune, please note the following.

    1 In the BASS line the name of the bass is not shown. From now on ONLY new bass notes and chords will be shown. (This is done so as to make sure that you have learnt to read the notes).

    2 Please note the jump from F to G in the last line.

    3 This tune uses the FIVE notes you have used so far (C D E F G). The name of each note is no longer shown. (This is done so as to make sure that you have learnt to read the notes).

    4 Continue to use the correct fi ngering for each note.

    F Major to G Major

    =======================& 34 . . . _ .

    =======================? 34 _

    CM _ _ _ _ _ _ _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& . . . _ .

    =======================? GM

    _CM _ _ _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& . . . _ .

    =======================? _ CM _ _ _ _ _ _ _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& . . _ . _ .

    =======================? FM

    GM _CM _ _

    . .CM

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    Count 1 2 3 etc...

    Bass & Chord

    Together

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 26

    So far you have learnt to play....WHOLE NOTES

    DOTTED HALF NOTES

    HALF NOTES

    QUARTER NOTES

    In the next exercises we will mix these notes using the Time Signature and the Time Signature

    hh .

    w

    q

    44

    43

    All Mixed Up!

    =======================& 44 5

    3

    3

    4

    2

    2

    _1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    5

    5

    =======================? 44 _CM _ _

    GM _CM

    GM

    _CM _ _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& 5

    1

    1

    4

    2

    2

    _1

    3

    5

    5

    w3

    =======================? _CM _ _

    GM _CM

    GM

    _CM _ _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& 2

    2

    2

    2

    2

    3

    4

    3

    3

    3

    3

    3

    4

    5

    =======================? GM

    GM _CM _ _ _

    CM _ _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& 5

    3

    3

    4

    2

    2

    _1

    3

    5

    5

    w_1

    =======================? _CM _ _

    GM _CM

    GM

    _CM

    _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    JOIN THE FUN!

    Careful Here

    Careful Here

    Careful Here

    Bass & Chord

    Together

    Count 1 2 3 4 etc...

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 27

    =======================& 44 _ w

    =======================? 44 _

    CM _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll

    =======================&

    =======================? FM

    _CM _ _ GM l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll

    =======================& _ w

    =======================? _

    CM _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll

    =======================& w_

    =======================? FM

    _CM _ _

    GM _CM

    _l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll

    JINGLEBELLS

    Bass & ChordTogether

    The fi ngering for the RIGHT HAND has been removed so remember to have your fi ngers curved over the keys so as each fi nger is sitting on top of each note.

    Count 1 2 3 4 etc...

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 28

    =======================& 34 _ .

    =======================? 34 _

    CM _ _ _ GM

    _CM _l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll

    =======================& _ .

    =======================? _CM _ _ _

    GM _CM _l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll

    =======================& . .

    =======================? GM

    _CM _ _ _l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll

    =======================& _ .

    =======================? _CM _ _ _

    GM _.

    .CM

    l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll

    THE WALTZ

    The fi ngering for the RIGHT HAND has been removed so remember to have your fi ngers curved over the keys so as each fi nger is sitting on top of each note.

    Count 1 2 3 etc...

    Bass & ChordTogether

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 29

    THE REPEAT SIGNIn the previous song (THE WALTZ) you would have noticed that the FIRST line of music IS THE SAME as the SECOND line of music. We can dispense with the Second Line simply by repeating or playing it again.

    To do this we use THE REPEAT SIGN ]==} Any music between this sign ] and this sign } is Repeated.

    ]===l===l===l===}

    REPEAT SIGNS

    THE WALTZ

    =======================& 34 _ .

    =======================? 34 _

    CM _ _ _ GM

    _CM _l

    lll

    {

    { l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll

    {

    {

    =======================& . .

    =======================? GM

    _CM _ _ _l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll

    =======================& _ .

    =======================? _CM _ _ _

    GM _.

    .CM

    l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll

    Play this line.

    Play this line AGAIN. Then go onto next line.

    By using the REPEAT SIGNS we can save a lot of space. This is useful when we have a song with parts that are the same. Instead of writing the parts again we use THE REPEAT SIGNS.

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 30

    =======================& 34 _ .

    =======================? 34 _

    CM _ _ _ GM

    _CM _l

    lll

    {

    { l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll

    {

    {

    =======================& . .

    =======================? GM

    _CM _ _ _l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll

    =======================& _ .

    =======================? _CM _ _ _

    GM _.

    .CM

    l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll

    REST SIGNS

    ========================& 44 w ll ll ll

    ========================& ll ll ll

    Whole Note (4 Beats) Half Note (2 Beats) Quarter Note (1 Beat)

    Whole Note Rest (4 Beats) Half Note Rest (2 Beats) Quarter Note Rest (1 Beat)

    Just as a Note is a duration of sound a Rest is a duration of silence.Every note Value has an equivalent REST Value

    THE WALTZ

    We are now going to use the song you have already learnt (THE WALTZ)to learn how to do the QUARTER REST.

    Count 1 2 3 etc...

    Here on the 2nd Beat - play the CHORD in the left hand - NOTHING with the right hand.

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 31

    QUARTER RESTS EXERCISE

    =======================& 44

    5

    3

    5

    3

    5

    4

    3

    2

    3

    _1

    _1

    =======================? 44 _

    C _ _ _ _ _ G

    _C _

    C

    l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    Count 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

    Up until now we have displayed the MAJOR CHORDS thus...CM (C Major) - GM (G Major) - FM (F Major).

    From now on ANY Major chord will be displayed only with its Letter Name. C - G or F

    =======================& 44

    5

    3

    5

    3

    5

    4

    3

    2

    3

    _1

    _1

    =======================? 44 _

    C _ _ _ _ _ G

    _C _

    C

    l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    Here is the above exercise again without any ALERT SIGNS.

    =======================& 44

    3

    _1

    3

    _1

    4

    4

    5

    5

    _1

    _1

    _1

    =======================? 44 _

    C _ _ _ _ _ F

    G

    _C _

    C

    l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    Count 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

    Careful HerePlay F Bass then F Major

    Play G Bass then G Major

    The following exercise is similar to the exercise above.

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 32

    Introducing a NEW note (A)

    l======lw w ww----wC D F GE

    & wA

    =======================& 44 4

    5

    4

    3

    2

    3

    4

    1

    2

    3

    2

    3

    4

    =======================? 44 _C _ _ _ _ _

    G _C _ _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& 4

    5

    4

    3

    2

    3

    4

    2

    5

    3

    _ .1

    =======================? _C _ _ _ _ _

    G _.

    .C

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    l

    FIVE fi ngers will now play SIX notes!

    Place 4thfi nger onthe G note

    k

    Fingering

    Count 1 2 3 4 etc

    MARY HAD A LITTLE LAMB

    Stretch 2nd fi nger to D then play G with 5th fi nger Count 1 2 3 4

    NEW HAND POSITION

  • Hand position for this tune

    =======================& 34 _

    1

    3 5

    3

    _1

    3 5

    3

    _1

    =======================? 34 . M

    l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    =======================&

    3 4

    5

    4

    3

    2 3

    4

    _1

    =======================?

    _M

    _ l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    =======================&

    3 5

    3

    _1

    3

    5

    3

    =======================? M

    l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    =======================&

    3

    4

    5

    4 5

    3

    3

    =======================? _

    M

    M

    l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    Stretch

    Count 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 etc.

    This is a Dotted Half Rest3 Beats

    Start playing on the 3rd count

    Bass & Chord together

    Fingering

    Up until now the Bass and Bass Chords have been shown asC, G, F, D etc. From this page onwards you should be able to readand know the Bass & Chord notes. The only symbol shown will be the M indicating that the chord is a MAJOR CHORD.Eventually you will learn about MINOR CHORDS (m) SEVENTH CHORDS (7) & DIMINISHED CHORDS (dim).

  • Introducing a NEW note (B)

    l======l----w& w w www

    FIVE fi ngers can play SEVEN notes!

    w

    C D F GE A B

    ========================& 44 1

    2

    3

    4

    w5

    5

    4

    3

    2

    w1

    ll ll ll ll

    ========================& 5

    4

    3

    2

    w1

    5

    4

    3

    2

    w_1

    ll ll ll

    Fingering

    1st fi nger onthe E note

    5th fi nger onthe A note

    5th fi nger onthe G note

    LIMBERING UP

    ========================& 44 _1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    4

    3

    2

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    4

    3

    2

    1

    2

    3

    4

    ll ll ll ll ll

    ========================& 5

    4

    3

    2

    5

    4

    3

    2

    5

    4

    3

    2

    w_1

    ll ll ll

    Swapfi ngers

    Swapfi ngers

    Move fi ngerUP

    Move fi ngerUP

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 34

  • PREPARATION FOR NEXT SONG

    Nearly all the instructions found in music are written using Italian terms. D.C. al Fine ( Da Capo Al Fine) Means FROM THE BEGGINING TO THE END D.C. (Da Capo) means FROM THE BEGGININGFINE means THE END.

    New hand position

    New bass notes (D) Next row UP from G

    l=====l D DMFingering 4 3

    q--

    --Q

    ========================?34

    _ _ _ _ll ll ll ll

    ========================?

    __ _

    __ _

    ll ll ll ll

    ========================?

    _ _

    .

    .ll ll ll

    Practice this exercise many many times until you can play it fl uently.

    New Bass & Chord - D Bass D Major Chord

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 35

    ?

    M M

    M

    M

    M

    M M

  • =======================& 34 5

    5

    5

    1

    5

    4

    =======================? 34 M _

    _M _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& 4

    4

    4

    1

    4

    3

    =======================? __ _

    __ _

    __ _

    M l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& 5

    5

    5

    1

    5

    4

    =======================? __M _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& 4

    4

    4

    1

    4

    3

    =======================? __ _

    __ _

    __ _

    Fine

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& 1

    1

    2

    1

    3

    5

    1

    1

    1

    1

    3

    5

    =======================? l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    NO PLACE LIKE HOME

    Count 1 2 3 1 2 3 etc.

    New Bass & ChordD bass & D Major Chord

    Stretch

    Stretch

    Stretch

    Stretch

    2

    Finish Here

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 36

    EXTENDEDHAND POSITION

  • =======================& 5 4

    5 4

    5 3

    3 2

    =======================? __ _

    __ _

    __ _

    M l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& 1

    1

    2

    1

    3

    5

    1

    1

    2

    1

    3

    5

    =======================? l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& 5 4

    5 4

    3 3

    3 D.C. al Fine

    =======================? __M _

    __ _

    M l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    Go Back To Beggining

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 37

    ========================& 44.

    ..

    .. . .

    ..

    . .. wll ll ll ll

    ========================&

    wll ll ll

    Playing Staccato and LegatoUp until now we have been playing LEGATO - That is going from one note to the next smoothly without a break. This is called playing LEGATO NOTES.

    A dot above or below a note means that the note has to be played very short.This is called playing STACCATO NOTES.

    Playing STACCATO notes

    Playing LEGATO notes

    More on Legato & Staccato in volume 2

  • =======================& 44

    3

    1

    5

    .

    1

    =======================? 44 M

    _M

    M

    __M

    M

    l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    =======================&

    3

    5

    .

    1

    =======================? _

    M

    M

    __M

    M

    l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    =======================&

    3

    3

    1

    =======================? _ _ _l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    =======================&

    3

    5

    .

    =======================? M

    _M

    M

    __M

    M

    l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    34 4

    3

    Play D Basswith 3rd

    fi nger

    Play G Basswith 4thfi nger

    Play D Basswith 3rd

    fi nger

    Play G Basswith 4thfi nger

    OLD MACDONALD

    ========================?44 _

    _ _ll ll

    Play D Basswith 3rd

    fi nger

    Play G Basswith 4thfi nger

    Play G Basswith 4thfi nger

    Play D Basswith 3rd

    fi nger

    BASS SOLO - When you play ONLY BASS NOTES its called a BASS SOLO.Practice this exercise as it is used in the following song Old Macdonald

    SAME HAND POSITION ASNO PLACE LIKE HOME

    Count 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 38

  • =======================& 44

    1

    3

    5

    .

    2

    .1 3

    =======================? 44 M

    _

    M _ _ M

    l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    =======================&

    5

    w

    1

    3

    =======================? __M _ _

    __ l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    =======================&

    5

    21

    3

    =======================? M

    _M _ _ M l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    =======================&

    5

    w

    =======================? __M _ _

    M

    _M

    M l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll l

    llll

    SAME HAND POSITION ASNO PLACE LIKE HOME JESSE JAMES

    ========================& 44 w w ll ll ll

    THE TIE (Tied Notes)A TIE JOINS NOTES TOGETHER

    A Whole note tied to a Half note = 6 Beats (Hold the note for 6 Beats 1234+12)Play this note and count... 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

    Play this note and count... 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

    When notes are BELOW the 3rd line the TIE is placed underneath.When notes are on the 3rd line and above the TIE is placed ABOVE.

    Tied Notes

    Tied Notes

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 39

  • =======================& 34 .5

    .

    =======================? 34 M

    _M _ _ _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& .4

    .

    =======================? M

    _M _ _ _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& .5

    .

    =======================? M

    _M _ _ _l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    =======================& .2

    2

    1

    2

    _ .1

    _ Fine

    =======================? M

    _M _ _ l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    ========================& 34 _1

    2

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    4

    3

    2

    1

    2

    _ .1

    ll ll ll ll THE POET AND PEASANT WALTZ

    Passing the THUMB UNDER and the SECOND FINGER OVER.....The hand position can be changed by passing the thumb under the second fi nger,OR the second fi nger over the thumb,

    Thumb undersecond fi nger

    Second fi ngerover thumb

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 40

  • =======================& _ .1

    _1

    2

    5

    4

    2

    3

    =======================? ._.M .

    .M

    ._.M

    . .M

    l

    lll

    l

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    l

    lll

    l

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    =======================& _ .1

    _1

    2

    5

    4

    2

    3

    =======================? ._.M .

    .M

    ._.M

    . .M

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

    lll

    l

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    =======================& _1

    _ _ _ _ _ _1

    2

    1

    2

    3

    4

    =======================?_M

    M _

    M

    .D.C. al Fine

    l

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    Thumb undersecond fi nger

    FROM THE BEGGININGTO THE END (Fine)

    THE C MAJOR SCALEThumb UNDERTHIRD fi nger

    ========================& 44 _1

    2

    3

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5 5

    4

    3

    2

    1

    3

    2

    _1

    ll ll ll Practice this scale many times!

    l==========lQ& --q q qqqq Q

    C D E F G A B C

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 41

    THIRD fi ngerOVER thumb

  • =======================& 44 w_1

    2

    5

    5

    4

    5

    2

    3

    =======================? 44 _M _ _

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    lll

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    =======================& 1

    2

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    _1

    5 4

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    =======================? M

    _M _ _

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    =======================& w_1

    5

    5

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    =======================? _M _ _

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    lll

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    =======================& 1

    2

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    _1

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    _1

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    =======================? M

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    ScaleTHIRD fi ngerOVER thumb

    Stretch

    THECAN CAN

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 42

  • l==========lQ& --q q qqqq Q

    C D E F G A B C

    THIS IS AN OCTAVEAn OCTAVE is 8 Notes

    THIS IS AN OCTAVEAn OCTAVE is 8 Notes

    D E F G A B C

    YOU CAN PLAY ALL THE SONGS YOU HAVE LEARNT AN OCTAVE

    HIGHER BY STARTING ON

    THE SECOND C NOTE!

    THE OCTAVE

    =======================& 44

    w_1

    2

    5

    5

    4

    5

    2

    3

    =======================? 44 _M _ _

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    =======================& 1

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    =======================? M

    _M _ _

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    Applying the 8va (play octave higher) using the song The Can Can which you have already learnt.

    Place 1st fi nger (thumb) on the NEW C NOTE. Play the song in the same way as before.

    The Play Octave Higher can be indicated in several ways.1. 8va_ _ _ _ _ _ _ (8va with dotted lines to indicate a section of music to be played an octave higher).2. Play 8va (play octave higher). 3. Second time 8va (play octave higher on repeat).

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 43

    Practice repeating this exercise over and over

  • SHORTNIN BREAD

    =======================& 44 _1

    5

    _ _

    3

    _

    =======================? 44 _

    M

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    =======================& _1

    5

    _ _

    3

    _

    =======================? _M

    M

    _M

    M

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    M _

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    M _

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    l

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    llll

    lll

    =======================& 5

    3

    _

    =======================? _

    M

    M

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    l

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    l

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    =======================& 5 3

    _

    =======================? _

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    M

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    =======================& _1 5 _

    _

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    =======================? _

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    M

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    =======================& _1 3

    5 1

    2

    =======================? _

    M

    M

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    =======================& _1

    2 5

    =======================?_M

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    8va _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ __ _ _ _ _

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 44

    Loco - Means Back to NORMALLoco

  • ALPINE MOUSE

    =======================& 44 3

    4 5

    =======================? 44 M

    M

    _

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    =======================& 4

    1

    3

    =======================? M

    _ M _ _ _ _ _l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

    lll l

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    =======================& 1

    3

    =======================? M

    _ M _ _ _M

    l

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    lll l

    lll l

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    =======================&

    =======================? M

    _ M _ _ _ _ _l

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    =======================&

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    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 45

  • PLAYING EIGHTHS NOTES

    eE

    ====================& _1

    _and

    _2

    _and

    _ 3

    _and

    _4

    _and

    _j1

    _jand

    _j2

    _jand

    _j3

    _jand

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    _jand

    ll ll

    ========================& _ 1

    and

    2

    and

    3

    and

    4

    and

    _j1

    jand

    j2

    jand

    j3

    jand

    j4

    jand

    w_ll ll

    ========================& 44 w ll

    ========================& ll

    ========================& ll

    ========================& ll

    Count 1 2 3 4

    Count 1 2 3 4

    Count 1 2 3 4

    Count 1 and 2 and 3 and 4 and

    =======================& 44 _

    w_

    =======================? 44 _M _ _ _ _ _

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    =======================& _

    w_ _ .

    =======================? _ M _ _ _ _ _

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    An EIGHTH NOTE is actually half of a beat.

    We use numbers and the word and to count eight notes.2 HALF notes to make.........ONE WHOLE note.4 QUARTER notes make.... ONE WHOLE note.

    8 EIGHTH notes make.........ONE WHOLE note. (Thats why they are called EIGHTH notes.

    Eighth notes can be written in groups using a beam(Beamed notes) or individually using a fl ag or tail.

    Ee

    1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & 1 2 3 4 1 & 2 & 3 4 1 & 2 & 3 4

    1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & 1 2 3 4 1 & 2 & 3 4 1 2 3 4

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 46

  • THE DOTTED QUARTER NOTE

    =====================& 44 _ _ _

    =====================? 44 _M _ _ _ _ _

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    =====================& _ _

    _ _ _ _

    =====================? _M _ _ _ _ _

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    =====================& 44 _ . j . j . j . j _

    =====================? 44 _M _ _ _ _ _

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    =====================& _ . j . j . j _ _ _ _

    =====================? _M _ _ _ _ _

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    A QUARTER note tied to an EIGHTH note has the SAME VALUE as a DOTTED QUARTER note

    =====================& 44 _ _

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    =====================? 44 _ _ _ _ _ _l

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    These are palyed the same way

    These are palyed the same way

    We learnt in an earlier lesson that a DOTafter a note ADDS half of what the note

    q. = 1 Beats12__ h. = 3 Beats

    1 2 & 3 4 & 1 2 & 3 4 1 2 & 3 4 1 2 & 3 4

    1 2 & 3 4 & 1 2 & 3 4 1 2 & 3 4 & 1 2 & 3 4

    1 2 & 3 4 & 1 2 & 3 4 1 2 & 3 4 1 2 & 3 4

    1 2 & 3 4 & 1 2 & 3 4 1 2 & 3 4 & 1 2 & 3 4

    EXERCISE - PLAYING TIED NOTES

    SAME EXERCISE - PLAYING DOTTED QUARTER NOTES

    One + Half = Two + One =One and a Half Three

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 47

  • =====================& 44 _ .1

    j . _j _ .2

    j . j

    =====================? 44 _M _ _ _

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    l

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    j . j .1 j . j

    =====================? _M _ _ _

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    =====================& .2 j . j .

    3 J . j

    =====================? M

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    =====================& 4 5 4

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    3 4

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    1

    3

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    1

    3

    4

    3

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    4

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    2

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    _1

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    =====================? M

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    Careful here!

    Move 3rd Finger UP

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 48

    PLAYING DOTTEDQUARTER NOTES

    CLIMBING

  • The fi rst bar in each line in the following exercises sound the same but are written differently.The fi rst bar in exercise 1 uses a dotted quarter note.The fi rst bar in exercise 2 uses a quarter note tied to an eighth note

    =====================& 34 .4

    j 2

    _1

    _ 4 _

    =====================? 34 _M _ _ _

    M _M

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    =====================& 4

    2

    _1

    _ 4

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    =====================? _M _ _ _

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    EXERCISE 1

    EXERCISE 2

    Dotted Quarter Note andQuarter Note Tied To An Eighth Note

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 49

    l==========lQ& --q q qqqq Q

    C D E F G A B C

    These are the notes youhave used so far.

    These are the same notes BUT arewritten as shown below

    D E F G A B C

    Q Q Q Q Q------Q --Q

    D E F G A B C

    On the next page you will learn to play a tune which uses the Dotted Quarter Note andQuarter Note Tied To An Eighth Note as explained above. You will play the tune using notes from the NEXT OCTAVE!!

  • l==========lQ& --q q qqqq Q

    C D E F G A B C

    These are the notes youhave used so far.

    These are the same notes BUT arewritten as shown below

    Q Q Q Q Q----Q --Q

    D E F G A B C

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 50

    On this page you will learn to play a tune which uses the Dotted Quarter Note andQuarter Note Tied To An Eighth Note as explained in the previous page.

    Introducing the notes in the In NEXT OCTAVE

    --

    =======================& 34 .

    4 5

    _J4

    3

    2

    1

    1

    3

    1

    1

    4

    2

    2

    =======================? 34 _M _ _ _

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    =======================&

    4

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    =======================? _ _ _ _

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    Start Here

    Place 4th fi ngeron the G note

    Stretch Stretch

    Fingering

    In the following tune, please check the note you are playing with the notes above and the Keyboard. Make sure you use the correct fi ngering

  • =======================& 34 .

    4 5

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    3

    2

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    1

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    1

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    2

    2

    =======================? 34 M_ _ _ _

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    =======================? _ _ _ _

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    =======================? M _

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    =======================& .

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    =======================? _ _ _

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    The More We Are Together

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 51

  • ========================& ll

    ========================& ll

    ========================& ll

    ========================& ll

    w

    E

    HWHOLE NOTE WHOLE REST

    HALF RESTS

    QUARTE RESTS

    HALF NOTE

    QQUARTE NOTE

    EIGHTH NOTE EIGHTH RESTS

    So far you have learnt... 1The Whole note and the Whole rest. 2 The Half note and the Half rest. 3 The Quarter note and the Quarter rest 4 The Eighth note.Below you have a summary of these PLUS the new rest - the EIGHTH REST.

    A NEW REST - EIGHTH REST

    NEW TIME SINATURETWO FOUR TIME SIGNATURE

    TWO BEATS PER BARl=====l====[42

    & hq q

    =====================& 24 _ _ _ _ _ _j _j _

    =====================? 24

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    =====================& _ _ _ _ _j _j _ _ _

    =====================?

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    Count 1 & 2 & 1 & 2 & 1 & 2 & 1 & 2 &

    Count 1 & 2 & 1 & 2 & 1 & 2 & 1 & 2 &

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 52

  • 2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 53

    ====================& 24 _j

    1

    j3

    j5

    j3

    j4

    j2

    _1

    ====================? 24

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    ====================& _j

    1

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    1

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    ====================?

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    Fingering

    Count 1 & 2 & 1 & 2 & 1 & 2 & 1 & 2 &

    Thumb Under

    Timing and Eighth Rests Exercise24

    ====================& 24 J

    5

    4

    3

    2 1 3 2

    _ 1

    5 2

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    ====================? 24

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    Timing and Eighth Rests Exercise24

    Count 1 & 2 & 1 & 2 & 1 & 2 & 1 & 2 &

    Fingering

  • ========================& w_ # w_ w bw ll

    ========================& w #w w bw ll

    ========================& w #w w bw ll

    ========================& w #w w bw ll

    ========================& w #w w bw ll

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 54

    m nbSharps Flats and Naturals

    mb

    A SHARP sign ( ) in front of a note raises the note by a Semitone (Half a Tone)

    A FLAT sign ( ) in front of a note raises the note by a Semitone (Half a Tone)

    A NATURAL sign ( ) in front of a note RETURNS THE NOTE TO NORMAL)n

    ACCIDENTALS

    Raising - From Low notes to High notes

    Lowering - From High notes to Low notesnotes

    C Sharp & D Flatare the same note

    D Sharp & E Flatare the same note

    F Sharp & G Flatare the same note

    A Sharp & B Flatare the same note

    From C to C Sharp is a Semitone From D to D Flat is a Semitone

    From D to D Sharp is a Semitone From E to E Flat is a Semitone

    From F to F Sharp is a Semitone From G to G Flat is a Semitone

    From A to A Sharp is a Semitone From B to B Flat is a Semitone

    Accidentals are symbols that alter the pitch of a note. Accidentals are placed immediately to the left of the note they affect.

    When an accidental is placed on a line or in a space, it affects all the notes on that line or in that space. It is cancelled out by a bar line or another accidental.

    G Sharp & A Flatare the same note

    From G to G Sharp is a Semitone From A to A Flat is a Semitone

  • ========================& _1

    #_3

    1

    #3

    1

    2

    #3

    1

    #3

    1

    #3

    1

    2

    ll

    ========================& 2

    1

    b3

    1

    b3

    1

    b3

    2

    1

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    1

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    Chromatic Scale

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 55

    Notes corresponding to the white keys on the keyboard are called C, D, E, F, G, A and B. These notes are considered natural notes. They can be raised a half step with a sharp or lowered with a fl at. A black key, for example the one between C and D, can be considered a C sharp or a D fl at.

    Whole and Half Steps or(Tones & Semitones)The octave is divided exactly in twelve notes. The distance between each note is known as a half step or (Semitone). On the keyboard any key is at the distance of a half step (Semi-tone) from the next and previous key.

    A whole step (Tone) contains two half steps (Semitones). All the white keys on the keyboard separated by a black key are at a distance of a whole step (Tone). The keys that are not separated by a black key are at a distance of a half step (Semitone).

    Fingering

    C C sharp D D sharp E F F sharp G G sharp A A sharp B C

    C B B fl at A A fl at G G fl at F E E fl at D D fl at C

  • ====================& 34 .

    1

    #2

    1

    2

    .4

    3

    4

    ====================? 34 _

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    =====================? _ _ _ _

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    =====================& .

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    =====================&

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    =====================? _

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    OVER THE WAVES

    D Sharp TIED NOTES

    Fingering

    A Sharp

    A Sharp

    2005 Accordion Course For Beginners eBook Page 56

    Count 1 2 3 etc.