boyne valley brochure

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  • Free Guide

    Discover Irelandsrich heritage!

    New Boyne Valley

    Drive Map Enclosed

  • 2 F O R M O R E I N F O R M AT I O N G O TO W W W. B O Y N E VA L L E Y D R I V E . I E F O R M O R E I N F O R M AT I O N G O TO W W W. B O Y N E VA L L E Y D R I V E . I E 1

    Oldcastle

    Drogheda

    Tara

    Donore

    Collon

    Slane

    Duleek

    KillmessanKilskeer

    Athboy

    Dunsany

    Kells

    Trim

    Navan

    Ballinlough

    R154

    R154

    R163

    N51

    R132

    Duleek Church& Crosses

    R147

    R147

    Dublin

    Boyne Valley Region

    Belfast

    Discover Irelandsrich heritage!

    F O R M O R E I N F O R M AT I O N G O TO W W W. B O Y N E VA L L E Y D R I V E . I E

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    D e t a i l e d m a p a v a i l a b l e a t t h e b a c k o f t h e g u i d e

    KEY01 Trim Heritage Town02 Trim Castle03 Bective Abbey04 Hill of Tara05 Skryne Church06 Navan Town07 Ardmulchan Church08 Bru na Boinne

    Newgrange & Knowth

    09 Duleek Abbey10 Battle of the Boyne11 Drogheda Heritage Town12 Drogheda Museum, Millmount13 Beaulieu House14 Monasterboice15 Old Mellifont Abbey16 Townley Hall17 Dowth18 Francis Ledwidge Museum19 Slane Village20 Hill of Slane21 Slane Castle22 Donaghmore Cemetery

    & Round Tower

    23 Donaghpatrick24 Kells Heritage Town25 Kells Monastic Site26 Spire of Lloyd27 Patrickstown Viewing Point28 Oldcastle29 Loughcrew

  • 2 F O R M O R E I N F O R M AT I O N G O TO W W W. B O Y N E VA L L E Y D R I V E . I E

    Introduction 04Archaeological & Historical Timeline 06

    Trim Heritage Town 08Trim Castle 10Bective Abbey, Skryne, Ardmulchan 12Hill of Tara 14Navan Town 16Br na Binne Newgrange & Knowth 18Duleek Abbey 21Battle of the Boyne 22Drogheda Town 24St. Peters Church, Highlanes Gallery 26Drogheda Museum, Millmount 28Beaulieu House 30Monasterboice 32Old Mellifont Abbey 36Townley Hall, Francis Ledwidge Museum 38Slane Village & Slane Castle 40Hill of Slane, Dowth 42Donaghmore Round Tower, Donaghpatrick 44Kells Town & Monastic Site 46Spire of Lloyd, Patrickstown View, Oldcastle 48Loughcrew Gardens & Cairns 50

    Myths & Legends 52Schematic map 58

    Every care has been taken to ensure accuracy in the completion of this brochure. Filte Ireland cannot however, accept responsibility for errors or omissions but where such are brought to our attention, future publications will be amended accordingly. It is recommended that you pre-check the details of events/attractions listed before travelling. Copyright Filte Ireland PRINTED IN IRELAND

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    Discover Irelandsrich heritage!

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    Note to Deirdre Sharrock - yellow border can be deleted

    Meath County Council Logo: The aspect ratio of this logo may not be changed.The colors may not be changed from:

    Dark Blue: CMYK - 100, 51, 0, 69RGB - 0, 34, 77Pantone - 289

    Saffron:CMYK - 0, 27, 76, 0RGB - 249, 191, 71Pantone - 143

    Enquiries to: [email protected]

    2 F O R M O R E I N F O R M AT I O N G O TO W W W. B OY N E VA L L E Y D R I V E . I E O R W W W. D I S C O V E R I R E L A N D . I E / B OY N E VA L L E Y F O R M O R E I N F O R M AT I O N G O TO W W W. B OY N E VA L L E Y D R I V E . I E O R W W W. D I S C O V E R I R E L A N D . I E / B OY N E VA L L E Y 3

  • 4 F O R M O R E I N F O R M AT I O N G O TO W W W. B O Y N E VA L L E Y D R I V E . I E F O R M O R E I N F O R M AT I O N G O TO W W W. B O Y N E VA L L E Y D R I V E . I E 5

    The Boyne ValleyThe Boyne Valley is situated in the east of Ireland. It is at once Irelands ancient capital and its most sacred and mythical landscape. In 1849 William Wilde, father of Oscar, wrote of the Boyne that the history of Ireland may be traced through its monuments. This remains true today. Moreover, its sites and monuments are amongst the best examples of their kind in Europe and are all within a short distance of each other. In one day you can visit the great prehistoric tombs at Br na Binne (Newgrange) and the site of the infamous Battle of the Boyne. You can look out from the Hill of Tara, sharing the view with the ancient High Kings of Ireland, or be mesmerised by the detail of the Celtic Crosses at Kells.

    You can stand in awe at the gates of Trim Castle, the largest Anglo-Norman castle in Europe, or pay your respects at the shrine of St. Oliver Plunkett.

    Boyne: River & ValleyThe River Boyne is the principal waterway in Leinster, the most easterly of the Irish provinces. The river rises at Trinity Well, near Carbury, Co. Kildare and meanders slowly north-eastwards through the gentle and fertile plains of Co. Meath before entering the Irish Sea at Drogheda, Co. Louth. The valley through which it flows is a landscape of large farms, celebrated for their fine pastures, picturesque villages and thriving towns. There is a long history

    of continuous human settlement along the banks of the Boyne stretching back over five millennia. So why did prehistoric people settle and thrive along the banks of this river? The answer lies in the landscape and climate of the region.

    The richness of the soil in the lands bordering and drained by the Boyne was ideal for Neolithic farmers (who began to arrive in Ireland around 4,000 BC). Moreover, the east coast of Ireland, between Dublin and Drogheda, is the driest part of the country and ideally suited to growing crops. The river was valuable as a source of food and, long before roads, its waters were

    vital for travel and trade. The River Boyne, which derives its name from the legendary Celtic goddess Bann (see Myths & Legends, p. 52), has long been recognised as one of Irelands most important waterways.

    In the 2nd century AD the Greek geographer, Claudius Ptolemy recorded the outline of the island of Ireland in the form of a set of coordinates showing different geographical features such as headlands and rivers. He included on this map, in his own language, the names of several Irish tribes, cities and rivers, including Bouvinda the Boyne.

    So memorable in ancient history, and so rich in monuments of the past is it that the history of Ireland might be written in tracing its banks.

    William Wilde, The Beauties of the Boyne (1849)

  • 6 F O R M O R E I N F O R M AT I O N G O TO W W W. B O Y N E VA L L E Y D R I V E . I E F O R M O R E I N F O R M AT I O N G O TO W W W. B O Y N E VA L L E Y D R I V E . I E 7

    Mesolithic Period 7000 4000 BC

    Medieval Period1169 1550 AD

    Post-Medieval Period 1550 1800 AD

    Neolithic Period4000 2200 BC

    Iron Age 600 BC 400 AD

    Bronze Age 2200 600 BC

    Early Christian Period400 790 AD

    Modern Age1900 present

    Industrial Age1800 1900 AD

    Viking Age 790 1169 AD

    c. 7000 BCFirst Mesolithic hunter gatherers arrive in Ireland

    1169 AD Anglo-Normans arrive in Ireland

    1172 AD Henry II grants Meath to Hugh de Lacy

    1173 AD Trim Castle built by Hugh de Lacy

    1194 AD Drogheda-in-Meath granted charter and officially founded

    1494 AD Poynings Law passed in Drogheda

    1512 AD Slane Abbey is constructed

    c. 4000 BCFirst wave of Neolithic farmers arrive in Ireland

    c. 3200 BC Newgrange, Dowth & Knowth

    c. 3000 BC Loughcrew

    227 - 266 ADLegendary King of Ireland Cormac Mac Airt reigns from Tara

    Early activity at Tara 433 AD St. Patrick returns to Ireland & lights Paschal fire at Hill of Slane

    521 AD St. Buite, founder of Monasterboice, dies

    1953 Pierce Brosnan, former James Bond, & honorary OBE, is born in Navan

    1986 Freddy Mercury & Queenplay Slane Castle

    1993 Newgrange, Knowth & Dowth become UNESCO World Heritage sites

    May 2008 Visitor Centre at the Battle of the Boyne site officially opened by Taoiseach Bertie Ahern and First Minister of Northern Ireland, Dr. Ian Paisley

    1808 AD Millmount Mortello Tower is constructed

    1843 AD One million people attend Daniel OConnells monster meeting at Tara

    1847 AD Worst year of the Great Famine, known as Black 47

    1855 AD Boyne Viaduct railway bridge completed

    1887 AD Francis Ledwidge, poet, born outside Slane, Co. Meath

    1641 AD Rebellion

    1649 AD Cromwells Siege of Drogheda 1681 AD St. Oliver Plunkett martyred

    1690 AD Battle of the Boyne

    1699 AD Newgrange is discovered

    1785 AD Slane Castle is reconstructed

    1798 AD Rising

    804 AD Kells monastery founded by monks from St. Columbas foundation, Iona

    980 AD Battle of Tara

    1007 AD Book of Kells stolen

    1022 AD Tara abandoned as seat of the High Kings of Ireland

    1142 AD Mellifont Abbey is founded by St. Malachy of Armagh

    1152 AD Synod of Kells

    Boyne ValleyArchaeological & Historical Timeline

    Our journey begins 9,000 years ago after the great ice sheets that covered Ireland during the last Ice Age had retreated. The island was wild, uninhabited and heavily wooded. The first people Stone Age hunters were drawn to Irish shores in search of food.

  • 8 F O R M O R E I N F O R M AT I O N G O TO W W W. B O Y N E VA L L E Y D R I V E . I E F O R O P E N I N G T I M E