british and american writers and poets
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DESCRIPTIONLiterary Calendar January-February
- 1. British and American Writers and Poets
2. January1,1919Jerome David Salinger (American)
an American author, best known for his 1951 novel The Catcher in the Rye, as well as his reclusive nature.
3. The Catcher in the Rye
Ifyoureallywanttohearaboutit, thefirstthingyou'llprobablywanttoknowiswhere I wasborn, anwhatmylousychildhoodwaslike, andhowmyparentswereoccupiedandallbeforetheyhadme, andallthatDavidCopperfieldkindofcrap, but I don'tfeellikegoingintoit, ifyouwanttoknowthetruth. Inthefirstplace, thatstuffboresme, andinthesecondplace, myparentswouldhaveabouttwohemorrhagesapieceif I toldanythingprettypersonalaboutthem. They'requitetouchyaboutanythinglikethat, especiallymyfather. They'reniceandall-I'mnotsayingthat-butthey'realsotouchyashell. Besides, I'mnotgoingtotellyoumywholegoddamautobiographyoranything. I'lljusttellyouaboutthismadmanstuffthathappenedtomearoundlastChristmasjustbefore I gotprettyrun-downandhadtocomeouthereandtakeiteasy.
4. January 3, 1892John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (English)
an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor, best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.
5. Thomas Stearns Eliotdied on January 4, 1965
an American-born English poet, playwright, and literary critic, arguably the most important English-language poet of the 20th century. His first notable publication, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, begun in February 1910 and published in Chicago in June 1915, is regarded as a masterpiece of the modernist movement. It was followed by some of the best-known poems in the English language, including Gerontion (1920), The Waste Land (1922), The Hollow Men (1925), Ash Wednesday (1930), Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats (1939), and Four Quartets (1945). He is also known for his seven plays, particularly Murder in the Cathedral (1935) and The Cocktail Party (1949). He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature and the Order of Merit in 1948.
6. January 18, 1882 Alan Alexander Milne(English)
an English author, best known for his books about the teddy bear Winnie-the-Pooh and for various children's poems. Milne was a noted writer, primarily as a playwright, before the huge success of Pooh overshadowed all his previous work.
Milne named the character Winnie-the-Pooh after a teddy bear owned by his son, Christopher Robin Milne, who was the basis for the character Christopher Robin. His toys also lent their names to most of the other characters, except for Owl and Rabbit, as well as the Gopher character, who was added in the Disney version. Christopher Robin's toy bear is now on display at the Main Branch of the New York Public Library in New York.
Christopher Milne had named his toy bear after Winnie, an American black bear which he often saw at London Zoo, and "Pooh", a swan they had met while on holiday. The bear cub was purchased from a hunter for $20 by Canadian Lieutenant Harry Colebourn in White River, Ontario, Canada, while en route to England during the First World War. He named the bear "Winnie" after his hometown in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Harry Colebourne and Winnie 1914
8. Original Winnie the Pooh stuffed toys. Clockwise from bottom left: Tigger, Kanga, Edward Bear ("Winnie the Pooh"), Eeyore, and Piglet.
9. January 19, 1809Edgar Allan Poe(American)
an American writer, poet, editor and literary critic, considered part of the American Romantic Movement. Best known for his tales of mystery and the macabre, Poe was one of the earliest American practitioners of the short story and is considered the inventor of the detective-fiction genre. He is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of science fiction. He was the first well-known American writer to try to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career.
10. 11. Edward Estlin Cummingse. e. cummings
an American poet, painter, essayist, author, and playwright. His body of work encompasses approximately 2,900 poems, two autobiographical novels, four plays and several essays, as well as numerous drawings and paintings. He is remembered as a preeminent voice of 20th century poetry, as well as one of the most popular.
12. anyone lived in a pretty how town
(with up so floating many bells down)
spring summer autumn winter
he sang his didn't he danced his did
Women and men(both little and small)
cared for anyone not at all
they sowed their isn't they reaped their same
sun moon stars rain
e. e. cummings
truth is here
hugest whole creation may be less
incalculable than a single kiss
Life,for eternal us,is now
It takes courage to grow up and turn out to be who you really are.
13. January 25, 1874 William Somerset Maugham
an English playwright, novelist and short story writer. He was among the most popular writers of his era, and reputedly, the highest paid author during the 1930s.
14. February 17, 1912 Andre Alice Norton(Alice Mary Norton)
an American science fiction and fantasy author (with some works of historical fiction and contemporary fiction)
15. 16. 17. January 26, 1918 Philip Jos Farmer
an American author, principally known for his award-winning science fiction and fantasy novels and short stories.
Farmer is best known for his novel series, especially the World of Tiers (1965-93) and Riverworld(1971-83) novels.
18. 19. 20. February 3, 1874Gertrude Stein
an American writer who spent most of her life in France, and who became a catalyst in the development of modern art and literature. Her life was marked by two primary relationships, the first with her brother Leo Stein, from 1874-1914 (Gertrude and Leo), and the second with her partner Alice B. Toklas, from 1907 until Stein's death in 1946 (Gertrude and Alice). Stein shared her salon at 27 rue de Fleurus, Paris, first with Leo and then with Alice. Throughout her lifetime, Stein also cultivated significant relationships with well-known members of the avantgarde artistic and literary world.
21. February 27, 1807Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
an American educator and poet whose works include "Paul Revere's Ride", The Song of Hiawatha, and "Evangeline". He was also the first American to translate Dante Alighieri's The Divine Comedy
22. 23. Thank you