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    Green Nepal Engineering

    Consultancy

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    SIGNATURE PAGEI hereby certify that this business plan has all the essential detail and scope for starting

    up a real small business. This project has been accomplished as per the partial

    fulfillment for the course MGTS 402 (Engineering Entrepreneurship) at School of Science

    of Kathmandu University.

    ..

    Mr Santosh Bista

    Course instructor, Engineering Entrepreneurship

    School of Engineering

    Kathmandu University

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    COPYRIGHT

    All right reserved

    No part of this report should be reproduced or transmitted in any forms or by any

    means without prior permission from the authors. No patient liability is assumed with

    respect to the use of the information contained herein. Although, every precaution has

    been taken in the preparation of this report, the authors assume no responsibility for

    error or omission,

    Copyrigh2012

    Date: 17 January 14, 2012

    Kathmandu University

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    DISCLAIMER

    The entrepreneurs are confident that the establishment of Green Nepal Engineering

    Consultancy will be a success in the market of Nepal. The entrepreneurs are not at all

    responsible or liable in any way, legally or by any medium for any sorts of outcomes of

    decisions made based upon this report. The view expressed in this report is of the team

    members.

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    DECLARATIONWe hereby declare that the work presented here is done originally by us and has not

    been submitted elsewhere. This business plan is an intellectual proposal with all right

    reserved by its authors and Kathmandu University. This report is acknowledgeable or

    listed in reference section. The data presented here are either officially obtained or

    based on survey based on structured questionnaires

    Mr. Bishal Bhari

    Marketing Manager

    ..

    Mr. Bikash Timalsina

    Finance Manager

    ..

    Mr. Keshab Pyakurel

    Chief Administration

    .

    Mr. Manish Khanal

    Logistic Manager

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    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    We would like to express our sincere thanks to our Engineering Entrepreneurship

    instructor Mr. Santosh Bista for proving us this opportunity of exploring the depth of

    entrepreneurship and also assistance, suggestions and guidance in its completion.

    We would also like to express our warm gratitude toward different companies and

    parties for sharing with us the different requirements needed for establishing an

    engineering consultancy in Nepal.

    Sincerely,

    Bishal Bhari

    Bikash Timalsina

    Keshab Pyakurel

    Manish Khanal

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    Table of Contents

    1. Executive Summary..................................................................................................... 1

    1.1 Objectives................................................................................................................. 2Goals ........................................................................................................................... 2

    1.2 Mission ...................................................................................................................... 3

    1.3 Keys to Success........................................................................................................ 3

    2. Company Summary..................................................................................................... 3

    2.1 Company Ownership................................................................................................. 3

    2.2 Start-up Summary ..................................................................................................... 4

    3. Services....................................................................................................................... 5

    3.1 Description ............................................................................................................... 5

    3.2 Customer Benefits..................................................................................................... 6

    3.3 Uniqueness................................................................................................................ 6

    3.4 Future service offerings ............................................................................................ 6

    4. Market Analysis Summary .......................................................................................... 7

    4.1 Market analysis summary ......................................................................................... 7

    4.2 Market Segmentation ............................................................................................... 7

    4.3 Target Market Segment Strategy.............................................................................. 8

    4.3.1 Market Needs .................................................................................................... 9

    4.3.2 Market Trends.................................................................................................... 9

    4.3.3 Market Growth ................................................................................................ 10

    4.4 Service Business Analysis ........................................................................................ 10

    5. Strategy and Implementation Summary .................................................................. 10

    5.1 SWOT Analysis......................................................................................................... 10

    5.1.1 Strengths .......................................................................................................... 105.1.2 Weaknesses ................................................................................................ 11

    5.1.3 Opportunities.............................................................................................. 11

    5 1 4 Threats 11

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    Table of Contents

    8. Financial Plan ............................................................................................................ 18

    8.1 Start-up Funding ..................................................................................................... 18

    8.2 Important Assumptions .......................................................................................... 198.3 Break-even Analysis ................................................................................................ 19

    8.4 Projected Profit and Loss ........................................................................................ 20

    8.5 Projected Cash Flow................................................................................................ 24

    8.6 Projected Balance Sheet ......................................................................................... 26

    8.7 Business Ratios........................................................................................................ 26

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    1. Executive SummaryIntroduction

    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy is a complete civil consultancy with the consultant from

    multicultural field who works together with their diverse knowledge to make a project complete

    and flawless. A wide range of consultancy is provided to the clients in need of such consultant.

    Our key success factor will be the design of environmentally sound designs which is the need

    and demand of present situation.

    This business plan is a guide to the founder as well as a proposition to the interested investorsand potential large clients in need of our viable service. This plan presents a comprehensive

    picture of how the business id going t be in a few years time.

    The Company

    Green Nepal Engineering Consultation is the partnership of four aspirant environmental

    engineers- Mr. Bishal Bhari, Mr. Bikash Timalsina, Mr. Keshab Pyakurel and Mr. Manish Khanal

    who have known each other for a quality time and shares a common virtue for a

    entrepreneurship. Theyve also worked together in several academic project and sharesimmense potential in designing.

    The company is located at Kathmandu, Pokhara and Chitwan to cater the demands of the target

    clients. The office will be big enough to deal the client and occupy all the staffs. In Kathmandu it

    will be located in Pulchowk, In Pokhara it will be located in the Bank road and in Chitwan it will

    be located in Pulchowk.

    Services

    We provide consultancy to the client in seek of consultation. Our service will aim at providingthe client with more than needed for creating safe and efficient structures. Services we provides

    are:

    Buildings design

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    Highlights

    1.1 Objectives

    Objective

    To achieve 20% of the market by the end of the third year

    Modest revenue in the first year with slow by steady growth over the next two year

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    1.2 Mission

    Our mission is to provide clients across Nepal with engineering and environmental services forall types of projects, from concept planning through to completion, with a highly skilled

    professional team working together, using knowledge and practical experience.

    1.3 Keys to Success

    Provide professional quality services on time and on budget

    Implement and maintain a quality control and assurance policy

    Developing visibility to generate new business leads. Relationships with clients (developing loyal, respectful, and intensive contact with both

    client and potential client

    Marketing/strategy and networking with other professionals.

    Responsiveness to clients (fast response time for special problems)

    Openness: languages and willpower for creating national contacts.

    2. Company SummaryGreen Nepal Engineering Consultancy aims at providing civil, mechanical, electrical, architectural

    and environmental services to the client.

    2.1 Company Ownership

    Company will be owned 25% each by four partners Bishal Bhari, Bikash Timalsina, KeshabPyakurel and Manish Khanal.

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    2.2 Start-up Summary

    Start-upRequirements

    Start-up Expenses

    Legal Nrs.20,000

    Stationery etc. Nrs.10,000

    Insurance Nrs.50,000

    Rent Nrs.35,000

    Computer Nrs.1,000,000Other Nrs.500,000

    Total Start-up Expenses Nrs.1,615,000

    Start-up Assets

    Cash Required Nrs.2,000,000

    Other Current Assets Nrs.500,000

    Long-term Assets Nrs.1,000,000

    Total Assets Nrs.3,500,000

    Total Requirements Nrs.5,115,000

    Start-up

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    3. Services3.1 Description

    The company will works as engineering and environmental consultation. It will focus on all

    sectors from governmental to private projects. Considering the growing need of

    environmental friendly designed projects, we target our services to the customer in need of

    such consultancy.

    Following are the services to our clients:

    Buildings Design

    We offer the design of buildings from a residential to commercial complexes. We design

    buildings abiding the prevalent codes required by the Ministry of Physical Planning and

    Structures. Our designs will be a blend of Civil Engineers and Architectural Engineers with a

    special coordination with Environmental engineers. We maintain the highest quality in both

    work and designs.

    Waste water treatment plant

    We offer design from small scale to mega scale waste water treatment plant with the

    highest achievable efficiency and minimum environment impacts. The designs are fully

    compatible with the national and international standards and guidelines. This service is fully

    designed by the environmental engineers.

    Drinking water supply

    We offer best design for Drinking water supply project with minimum environment impacts.

    Our service include community water supply project to national water supply project. This

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    Our Pico and micro hydro project will be community based to meet their energy demand.

    We mainly focus on integrated water resource plan (multipurpose project). It will be

    designed by mechanical, civil, electrical and environmental engineers.

    Solar energy systems

    Designed on solar energy system will be home based and partially community based. It will

    be more useful to school, hospitals, road networks, government offices. It will be designed

    by environmental engineers.

    IEE and EIA

    As per the Compliance with EPA 1997/ EPR 1998 we offer consultation to the proponents for

    the government approval in the projects requiring IEE or EIA. For EIA and IEE special team of

    botanist, socialist and economist will be hired for the assistance of the environmental

    engineer.

    Product Simulation and Design

    This will be special featured product design by our firm in the requests of NGOs and INGOs

    for home based utility appliances. This will be done by computer aid and programming by

    corresponding engineers.

    3.2 Customer Benefits

    Customer satisfaction is the motive of our company. Goodwill form the customer is the goal

    of our company. Following are the benefits we provide to our clients:

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    Environmental Auditing and reviewing

    Road projects

    Large scale hydro projects

    4. Market Analysis Summary4.1 Market analysis summary

    The market is composed of potential clients (both governmental and non-governmental) and

    private commercial firms. Our consultancy will deliver the need of our potential clients by

    proper evaluation of recent development of efficient, reliable and environmentally safe projects.

    The potential clients are of two types, residential and commercial. Among the residential clients

    the targeted population whose income level is above Nrs.50,000 per months and who are above

    30 yrs of age and are willing to own an environment friendly structures.

    The commercial clients are the one who are involved in construction of housing complexes,

    renewable energy generating equipments.

    The non-governmental clients includes both community and NGOs/INGOs willing to build

    facilities like drinking water supply, sewerage management facilities and renewable energy

    generating equipments.

    The government clients offering project based on constructing sanitary landfill site, small scale

    hydropower generation, preparing IEE&EIA for several other projects.

    The growth rate of commercial household building construction is 250% as recorded in the year

    2010 by Ministry of Physical Planning and Construction. Similarly, there is increasing concernover "Clean City" concept people are looking forward for the places where there is proper

    management of safe and clean drinking water supply, sewerage and solid management facilities.

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    Authorities and Public Organizations

    Market Analysis2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

    Potential Customers Growth CAGR

    Residential 27% 800 1,016 1,290 1,638 2,080 26.98%

    Commercial 23% 55 68 84 103 127 23.27%

    Non-Governmental 31% 980 1,284 1,682 2,203 2,886 31.00%

    Governmental 7% 3 3 3 4 4 7.46%Total 29.05% 1,838 2,371 3,059 3,948 5,097 29.05%

    Market Analysis (Pie)

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    4.3.1 Market Needs

    There are four different types of market need this company is concerned in providing

    1. Documentation work:Different type of documentation work is a needed for any construction work. IEE and EIA

    is needed for the project falling under schedule 5 and 6 of the EPR. There lies a least

    potential consultancy providing such services.

    Autocad design of building is necessary for acceptance of building by any government

    offices. A proper computer designs are the essential part of any document for any

    governmental or non-governmental office.

    Documentation related to estimation, property valuation etc is also needed

    2 Consultancy:When big money is involved people seeks professional advices. Our engineering

    consultancy targets this market need with a least pricing.

    3 Field Visits:There is need of engineers to oversee the work of construction. Field visits is an essential

    part for any construction work. People search for professional advice to check if their

    construction is going as per the plan or the either way.

    4 Research and simulation work

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    4.3.3 Market Growth

    As noted in the previous section, several factors are predicted to continue well into thenext decade, not the least of which we estimate the annual market growth rate

    between 5% and 10%.

    4.4 Service Business Analysis

    Department of Marketing:

    Condut Market research

    Market analysis

    Market feasibility Prepare marketing plan,advertisement,etc

    Find out the rivels marketing strategy

    Department of Finance:

    Research

    collects and prepares the expenditure report

    Identify profit/loss status

    Prepare monthly budget

    Department of Administration:

    Laws

    Policies

    Regulation

    Motivation

    Recruitment Selection

    Training and development

    Promotion

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    Environmental consultancy by potential consultant

    Advisory board of highly recognized engineers to earn a productive goodwill in the market

    An attractive location of the firm

    Strong marketing schemes

    Full time dedication of board members

    5.1.2Weaknesses Few member in the company in beginning

    First encounter of board members as entrepreneurs

    Weak market grasp for few year

    Lack of sophisticates equipment for research and development

    5.1.3 Opportunities Growing concern of government over the environmental issue provide us immense opportunity

    to establish our firm with environmental knowledge

    Presence of differentiation marketing

    Lack of loyalty of customer toward consultancy increases our opportunity with strong marketing

    5.1.4 Threats Big consultancy which has already established in the market

    New potential entrants

    Political situation of the country

    5.2 Competitive Edge

    Th k f i i hi h l d h

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    We will focus our limited advertising budgets to promote community sponsored events. We will

    also offer technical services at discount rates to non-profit organizations.

    When travelling to remote communities, we will contact the local principals in elementary and

    high schools offering them a speaker on engineering consultation as a career choice.

    GNEC will apply Business Incentive Policy. This policy is directed to those clients, residing

    throughout Nepal and provides incentives with respect to evaluation of services.

    We will create a advisory list of noticeable names to earn goodwill from the large potential

    clients.

    5.3.2 Positioning Statement

    For established engineering consultancy in Nepal who requires engineering sub-consultant

    services, GNEC offers a competitive and economical option. Projects may be delegated to GNEC

    directly or arrangements can be made to supplement and assist their own in-house staff.

    5.3.3 Pricing Strategy

    Most consulting work is billed on per project basis to pre-determined levels dictated by project

    schedule milestones. We have assigned a rate of Nrs.2000 per project for basic consulting

    services and Nrs.5000 for drafting services. These are conservative values for the consultingmarket. We have used conservative unit rates to remain more competitive.

    On demand of several service for the same project, we will give nominal discount

    For the market grasp we will adopt low cost strategy for 2 year.

    There exist optional pricing in engineering consultancy. Thus we will try to convince client for all

    services the client need.

    5.4 Sales Strategy

    Accomplishment in a consulting market is focused on client service and typically translates into repeat

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    Sales Forecast2012 2013 2014

    Salesproject consulting services Nrs.159,500 Nrs.250,000 Nrs.600,000Project management services Nrs.1,820,000 Nrs.3,500,000 Nrs.5,200,000Field inspection and supervision services Nrs.195,800 Nrs.310,000 Nrs.295,000Computer aided design services Nrs.781,000 Nrs.149,500 Nrs.214,500Total Sales Nrs.2,956,300 Nrs.4,209,500 Nrs.6,309,500

    Direct Cost of Sales 2012 2013 2014project consulting Nrs.137,100 Nrs.80,000 Nrs.110,000Project management Nrs.266,200 Nrs.227,000 Nrs.343,000Field inspection and supervision Nrs.217,600 Nrs.220,000 Nrs.190,000Computer aided design services Nrs.281,000 Nrs.200,000 Nrs.207,000Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales Nrs.901,900 Nrs.727,000 Nrs.850,000

    Sales Monthly

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    Sales by Year

    5.5 Milestones

    The accompanying table lists important program milestones, with dates and managers in charge, and

    budgets for each. The milestone schedule indicates our emphasis on planning for implementation.

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    MilestonesMilestone Start Date End Date Budget Manager Department

    Patnership Identification Program 1/1/2012 1/15/2012 Nrs.5,000 Board BoardBusiness Plan Review 1/16/2012 2/15/2012 Nrs.2,000 Board BoardPurchase Furnitures,Computers, etc 2/20/2012 2/25/2012 Nrs.1,615,000 Mr. Bikash

    TimalsinaFinance

    Purchase Required Electrical Equipments 2/20/2012 2/25/2012 Nrs.50,000 Mr. BikashTimalsina

    Finance

    Develop General Staff Selection Criteria 2/20/2012 2/25/2012 Nrs.5,000 Mr. KeshabPyakurel

    Administration

    Develop Staff Training Programs 2/20/2012 2/27/2012 Nrs.25,000 Mr. KeshabPyakurel

    Administration

    Prepare Advertisement Modules 2/20/2012 2/25/2012 Nrs.80,000 Mr. Bishal Bhari Marketing

    Prepare Company Brochure 2/20/2012 2/25/2012 Nrs.50,000 Mr. BikashTimalsina FinanceOpening Ceremony 3/1/2012 3/1/2012 Nrs.100,000 Board Board.Totals Nrs.1,932,000

    Milestones

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    6.1 Website Marketing Strategy

    The plan for marketing the site is fairly simple: we will submit it to search engines such as Google, and list

    the website on all the company's correspondence and printed marketing/sales media.

    6.2 Development Requirements

    GNEC will develop and build the site. The website,www.gnec.com.npwill be running on 30th of February2012.

    7. Management Summary

    The company consist of different departments-marketing, finance, administration and logistic. Founding

    members oversee the operation of these departments. Marketing department will be handled by Mr.

    Bishal Bhari , finance by Mr. Bikash Timalsina, Administration by Mr. Keshab Pyakurel and logisticsmanagement by Mr. Manish Khanal. The founding members make up the board of directors and a board

    chairmen presides over the company. A board chairmen is nominated among the four founders with

    mutual concept. In addition the company has the receptionist, two civil engineers, board members as

    environmental engineers and a architect to handle the other affairs of the company. They shall be

    available full time at the office for customer inquiry, project management, office maintenance and other

    works.

    7.1 Organizational Structure

    The organization is headed by a board chairmen nominated by the four directors of different

    departments. Further there are two supporting staffs as helper and security guard under general

    d i i i

    http://www.gnec.com.np/http://www.gnec.com.np/http://www.gnec.com.np/http://www.gnec.com.np/
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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    7.2 Management Team

    Bishal Bhari

    Mr. Bhari is the Marketing manager of the company. He will be overseeing sales and marketing.

    Having gained experienced in medium business enterprises from his family business, he is the mostappropriate person in the tean to market our services in the country.

    Mr. Bhari also has engineering background to market and develop our engineering services. He will

    also be working as environmental engineer. He will also be carrying some minor civil design as his

    proficiency in it due continuous projects.

    Bikash Timalsina

    Mr. Timalsina is the finance manager of the company. He has had several training in the field ofaccounting for few years. He will provide the right amount impetus to the jobs. Also Mr. Timalsina has

    been the part of different projects at KU and Minister of Environment. So he knows , an appereciable

    numbers of detail, the importance of environment related project. In the number of year he has

    developed a strong instinct in financing transaction.

    Keshab Pyakurel

    The general administration of the company will be handled by Mr. Pyakurel. He has a very strong

    background in engineering management. He has also hosted several programs and projects as amajor part of administration. We believe his expertise in the field will help us to highest degree in

    managing the overall administration of our company.

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    administration. Therefore there is need to add some other staffs over the years. This will benefit our

    company to run smoothly.

    7.4 Personnel Plan

    Basically we are starting the company with only 10 employees at present. We have plans to increase staff

    as we increase our market.

    Personnel Plan2012 2013 2014

    Civil Engineer Nrs.480,000 Nrs.490,000 Nrs.500,000Architect Nrs.240,000 Nrs.245,000 Nrs.250,000Receptionist Nrs.96,000 Nrs.96,000 Nrs.96,000Helper Nrs.120,000 Nrs.120,000 Nrs.120,000Security Nrs.96,000 Nrs.96,000 Nrs.96,000Total People 6 6 6

    Total Payroll Nrs.1,032,000 Nrs.1,047,000 Nrs.1,062,000

    8. Financial Plan

    8.1 Start-up Funding

    GNEC's start-up summary is summarized in the following table:

    Rs. 35,00,000 Worth assets

    Rs. 60,00,000Total capital

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    Start-up FundingStart-up Expenses to Fund Nrs.1,615,000Start-up Assets to Fund Nrs.3,500,000

    Total Funding Required Nrs.5,115,000Assets

    Non-cash Assets from Start-up Nrs.1,500,000Cash Requirements from Start-up Nrs.2,000,000Additional Cash Raised Nrs.885,000Cash Balance on Starting Date Nrs.2,885,000Total Assets Nrs.4,385,000

    Liabilities and Capital

    LiabilitiesCurrent Borrowing Nrs.0Long-term Liabilities Nrs.0Accounts Payable (Outstanding Bills) Nrs.0Other Current Liabilities (interest-free) Nrs.0Total Liabilities Nrs.0

    Capital

    Planned Investment

    Mr. Bishal Bhari Nrs.1,500,000Mr. Manish Khanal Nrs.1,500,000Mr. Keshab Pyakurel Nrs.1,500,000Mr. Bikash Timalsina Nrs.1,500,000Additional Investment Requirement Nrs.0Total Planned Investment Nrs.6,000,000

    Loss at Start-up (Start-up Expenses) (Nrs.1,615,000)Total Capital Nrs.4,385,000

    Total Capital and Liabilities Nrs.4,385,000Total Funding Nrs.6,000,000

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    Break-even AnalysisMonthly Revenue Break-even Nrs.458,300

    Assumptions:Average Percent Variable Cost 31%Estimated Monthly Fixed Cost Nrs.318,483

    Break-even Analysis

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    Pro Forma Profit and Loss2012 2013 2014

    Sales Nrs.2,956,300 Nrs.4,209,500 Nrs.6,309,500Direct Cost of Sales Nrs.901,900 Nrs.727,000 Nrs.850,000Other Costs of Sales Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0

    ------------ ------------ ------------Total Cost of Sales Nrs.901,900 Nrs.727,000 Nrs.850,000

    Gross Margin Nrs.2,054,400 Nrs.3,482,500 Nrs.5,459,500Gross Margin % 69.49% 82.73% 86.53%

    ExpensesPayroll Nrs.1,032,000 Nrs.1,047,000 Nrs.1,062,000Marketing/Promotion Nrs.615,000 Nrs.580,000 Nrs.550,000Depreciation Nrs.20,000 Nrs.25,000 Nrs.58,000Rent Nrs.420,000 Nrs.420,000 Nrs.420,000Utilities Nrs.240,000 Nrs.300,000 Nrs.320,000Insurance Nrs.600,000 Nrs.600,000 Nrs.600,000Payroll Taxes Nrs.154,800 Nrs.157,050 Nrs.159,300Legal Nrs.20,000 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Stationary Nrs.120,000 Nrs.125,000 Nrs.130,000Computer Nrs.100,000 Nrs.50,000 Nrs.50,000Other Nrs.500,000 Nrs.100,000 Nrs.100,000

    ------------ ------------ ------------Total Operating Expenses Nrs.3,821,800 Nrs.3,404,050 Nrs.3,449,300

    Profit Before Interest and Taxes (Nrs.1,767,400) Nrs.78,450 Nrs.2,010,200EBITDA (Nrs.1,747,400) Nrs.103,450 Nrs.2,068,200Interest Expense Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Taxes Incurred Nrs.0 Nrs.7,845 Nrs.201,020

    Net Profit (Nrs.1,767,400) Nrs.70,605 Nrs.1,809,180Net Profit/Sales -59.78% 1.68% 28.67%

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    Profit Monthly

    Profit Yearly

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    Gross Margin Monthly

    Gross Margin Yearly

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    8.5 Projected Cash Flow

    Pro Forma Cash Flow2012 2013 2014

    Cash Received

    Cash from OperationsCash Sales Nrs.2,217,225 Nrs.3,157,125 Nrs.4,732,125Cash from Receivables Nrs.433,992 Nrs.923,048 Nrs.1,360,660Subtotal Cash from Operations Nrs.2,651,217 Nrs.4,080,173 Nrs.6,092,785

    Additional Cash ReceivedSales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Received Nrs.295,630 Nrs.420,950 Nrs.630,950New Current Borrowing Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0New Other Liabilities (interest-free) Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0New Long-term Liabilities Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Sales of Other Current Assets Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Sales of Long-term Assets Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0New Investment Received Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Subtotal Cash Received Nrs.2,946,847 Nrs.4,501,123 Nrs.6,723,735

    Expenditures 2012 2013 2014

    Expenditures from OperationsCash Spending Nrs.1,032,000 Nrs.1,047,000 Nrs.1,062,000Bill Payments Nrs.2,840,893 Nrs.3,141,481 Nrs.3,303,037Subtotal Spent on Operations Nrs.3,872,893 Nrs.4,188,481 Nrs.4,365,037

    Additional Cash SpentSales Tax, VAT, HST/GST Paid Out Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Principal Repayment of Current Borrowing Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Other Liabilities Principal Repayment Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Long-term Liabilities Principal Repayment Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Purchase Other Current Assets Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Purchase Long-term Assets Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Dividends Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Subtotal Cash Spent Nrs.3,872,893 Nrs.4,188,481 Nrs.4,365,037

    Net Cash Flow (Nrs 926 047) Nrs 312 642 Nrs 2 358 698

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    Cash

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    8.6 Projected Balance Sheet

    Pro Forma Balance Sheet2012 2013 2014

    Assets

    Current AssetsCash Nrs.1,958,953 Nrs.2,271,595 Nrs.4,630,293Accounts Receivable Nrs.305,083 Nrs.434,411 Nrs.651,126Other Current Assets Nrs.500,000 Nrs.500,000 Nrs.500,000Total Current Assets Nrs.2,764,037 Nrs.3,206,006 Nrs.5,781,419

    Long-term AssetsLong-term Assets Nrs.1,000,000 Nrs.1,000,000 Nrs.1,000,000Accumulated Depreciation Nrs.20,000 Nrs.45,000 Nrs.103,000Total Long-term Assets Nrs.980,000 Nrs.955,000 Nrs.897,000Total Assets Nrs.3,744,037 Nrs.4,161,006 Nrs.6,678,419

    Liabilities and Capital 2012 2013 2014

    Current LiabilitiesAccounts Payable Nrs.830,807 Nrs.756,221 Nrs.833,504Current Borrowing Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Other Current Liabilities Nrs.295,630 Nrs.716,580 Nrs.1,347,530Subtotal Current Liabilities Nrs.1,126,437 Nrs.1,472,801 Nrs.2,181,034

    Long-term Liabilities Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Total Liabilities Nrs.1,126,437 Nrs.1,472,801 Nrs.2,181,034

    Paid-in Capital Nrs.6,000,000 Nrs.6,000,000 Nrs.6,000,000Retained Earnings (Nrs.1,615,000) (Nrs.3,382,400) (Nrs.3,311,795)Earnings (Nrs.1,767,400) Nrs.70,605 Nrs.1,809,180Total Capital Nrs.2,617,600 Nrs.2,688,205 Nrs.4,497,385Total Liabilities and Capital Nrs.3,744,037 Nrs.4,161,006 Nrs.6,678,419

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    Green Nepal Engineering Consultancy

    Total Liabilities 30.09% 35.40% 32.66% 0.00%Net Worth 69.91% 64.60% 67.34% 100.00%

    Percent of Sales

    Sales 100.00% 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%Gross Margin 69.49% 82.73% 86.53% 0.00%Selling, General & Administrative Expenses 129.28% 81.05% 57.85% 0.00%Advertising Expenses 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%Profit Before Interest and Taxes -59.78% 1.86% 31.86% 0.00%

    Main RatiosCurrent 2.45 2.18 2.65 0.00Quick 2.45 2.18 2.65 0.00Total Debt to Total Assets 30.09% 35.40% 32.66% 0.00%Pre-tax Return on Net Worth

    -67.52%

    2.92%

    44.70%

    0.00%

    Pre-tax Return on Assets -47.21% 1.89% 30.10% 0.00%

    Additional Ratios 2012 2013 2014Net Profit Margin -59.78% 1.68% 28.67% n.aReturn on Equity -67.52% 2.63% 40.23% n.a

    Activity RatiosAccounts Receivable Turnover 2.42 2.42 2.42 n.aCollection Days 77 128 126 n.aAccounts Payable Turnover 4.42 4.06 4.06 n.aPayment Days

    77

    94

    86

    n.a

    Total Asset Turnover 0.79 1.01 0.94 n.a

    Debt RatiosDebt to Net Worth 0.43 0.55 0.48 n.aCurrent Liab. to Liab. 1.00 1.00 1.00 n.a

    Liquidity RatiosNet Working Capital Nrs.1,637,600 Nrs.1,733,205 Nrs.3,600,385 n.aInterest Coverage 0.00 0.00 0.00 n.a

    Additional Ratios

    Assets to Sales 1.27 0.99 1.06 n.aCurrent Debt/Total Assets 30% 35% 33% n.aAcid Test 2.18 1.88 2.35 n.aSales/Net Worth 1.13 1.57 1.40 n.a

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    Appendix

    Sales ForecastJan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

    Salesproject consulting services 0% Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.9,500 Nrs.11,000 Nrs.13,500 Nrs.15,500 Nrs.17,000 Nrs.19,500 Nrs.21,000 Nrs.21,500 Nrs.23,000Project management services 0% Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.90,000 Nrs.110,000 Nrs.125,000 Nrs.150,000 Nrs.175,000 Nrs.192,000 Nrs.207,000 Nrs.227,000 Nrs.259,000 Nrs.285,000Field inspection and

    supervision services0% Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.11,000 Nrs.13,500 Nrs.15,700 Nrs.18,000 Nrs.18,900 Nrs.19,100 Nrs.20,500 Nrs.23,000 Nrs.26,300 Nrs.29,800

    Computer aided design services 0% Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.45,000 Nrs.54,000 Nrs.59,000 Nrs.63,000 Nrs.72,000 Nrs.82,000 Nrs.89,000 Nrs.97,000 Nrs.107,000 Nrs.113,000Total Sales Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.154,000 Nrs.187,000 Nrs.210,700 Nrs.244,500 Nrs.281,400 Nrs.310,100 Nrs.336,000 Nrs.368,000 Nrs.413,800 Nrs.450,800

    Direct Cost of Sales Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Decproject consulting Nrs.15,000 Nrs.13,000 Nrs.11,500 Nrs.9,500 Nrs.14,200 Nrs.16,300 Nrs.17,100 Nrs.15,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.7,000 Nrs.5,500 Nrs.5,000Project management Nrs.27,000 Nrs.32,200 Nrs.37,300 Nrs.34,000 Nrs.24,200 Nrs.18,000 Nrs.13,000 Nrs.12,500 Nrs.15,200 Nrs.14,800 Nrs.19,000 Nrs.19,000Field inspection and

    supervisionNrs.15,000 Nrs.13,000 Nrs.11,000 Nrs.17,000 Nrs.20,200 Nrs.22,100 Nrs.15,000 Nrs.18,000 Nrs.23,000 Nrs.25,100 Nrs.19,700 Nrs.18,500

    Computer aided design services Nrs.23,000 Nrs.22,400 Nrs.23,500 Nrs.21,900 Nrs.24,300 Nrs.23,600 Nrs.23,000 Nrs.22,500 Nrs.24,300 Nrs.25,000 Nrs.21,500 Nrs.26,000Subtotal Direct Cost of Sales Nrs.80,000 Nrs.80,600 Nrs.83,300 Nrs.82,400 Nrs.82,900 Nrs.80,000 Nrs.68,100 Nrs.68,000 Nrs.70,500 Nrs.71,900 Nrs.65,700 Nrs.68,500

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    Appendix

    Personnel PlanJan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

    Civil Engineer 0% Nrs.40,000 Nrs.40,000 Nrs.40,000 Nrs.40,000 Nrs.40,000 Nrs.40,000 Nrs.40,000 Nrs.40,000 Nrs.40,000 Nrs.40,000 Nrs.40,000 Nrs.40,000Architect 0% Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000Receptionist 0% Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000Helper 0% Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000Security 0% Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.8,000Total People 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6Total Payroll Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000

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    Appendix

    Pro Forma Profit and LossJan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

    Sales Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.154,000 Nrs.187,000 Nrs.210,700 Nrs.244,500 Nrs.281,400 Nrs.310,100 Nrs.336,000 Nrs.368,000

    Nrs.413,80

    0Nrs.450,80

    0Direct Cost of Sales Nrs.80,000 Nrs.80,600 Nrs.83,300 Nrs.82,400 Nrs.82,900 Nrs.80,000 Nrs.68,100 Nrs.68,000 Nrs.70,500 Nrs.71,900 Nrs.65,700 Nrs.68,500Other Costs of Sales Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0

    ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------Total Cost of Sales Nrs.80,000 Nrs.80,600 Nrs.83,300 Nrs.82,400 Nrs.82,900 Nrs.80,000 Nrs.68,100 Nrs.68,000 Nrs.70,500 Nrs.71,900 Nrs.65,700 Nrs.68,500Gross Margin (Nrs.80,000) (Nrs.80,600) Nrs.70,700 Nrs.104,600 Nrs.127,800 Nrs.164,500 Nrs.213,300 Nrs.242,100 Nrs.265,500 Nrs.296,10

    0Nrs.348,10

    0Nrs.382,30

    0Gross Margin % 0.00% 0.00% 45.91% 55.94% 60.65% 67.28% 75.80% 78.07% 79.02% 80.46% 84.12% 84.80%

    ExpensesPayroll Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000Marketing/Promotio

    nNrs.20,000 Nrs.25,000 Nrs.30,000 Nrs.35,000 Nrs.40,000 Nrs.45,000 Nrs.50,000 Nrs.55,000 Nrs.65,000 Nrs.70,000 Nrs.80,000 Nrs.100,00

    0Depreciation Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.2,000 Nrs.2,000 Nrs.2,000 Nrs.2,000 Nrs.2,000 Nrs.2,000 Nrs.2,000 Nrs.2,000 Nrs.2,000 Nrs.2,000Rent Nrs.35,000 Nrs.35,000 Nrs.35,000 Nrs.35,000 Nrs.35,000 Nrs.35,000 Nrs.35,000 Nrs.35,000 Nrs.35,000 Nrs.35,000 Nrs.35,000 Nrs.35,000Utilities Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000 Nrs.20,000Insurance Nrs.50,000 Nrs.50,000 Nrs.50,000 Nrs.50,000 Nrs.50,000 Nrs.50,000 Nrs.50,000 Nrs.50,000 Nrs.50,000 Nrs.50,000 Nrs.50,000 Nrs.50,000Payroll Taxes 15

    %

    Nrs.12,900 Nrs.12,900 Nrs.12,900 Nrs.12,900 Nrs.12,900 Nrs.12,900 Nrs.12,900 Nrs.12,900 Nrs.12,900 Nrs.12,900 Nrs.12,900 Nrs.12,900

    Legal Nrs.20,000 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Stationary Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.10,000Computer Nrs.100,000 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Other Nrs.500,000 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0

    ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------ ------------Total Operating

    ExpensesNrs.853,900 Nrs.238,900 Nrs.245,900 Nrs.250,900 Nrs.255,900 Nrs.260,900 Nrs.265,900 Nrs.270,900 Nrs.280,900 Nrs.285,90

    0Nrs.295,90

    0Nrs.315,90

    0

    Profit Before Interest

    and Taxes(Nrs.933,900

    )(Nrs.319,500

    )(Nrs.175,200

    )(Nrs.146,300

    )(Nrs.128,100

    )(Nrs.96,400

    )(Nrs.52,600

    )(Nrs.28,800

    )(Nrs.15,400

    )Nrs.10,200 Nrs.52,200 Nrs.66,400

    EBITDA (Nrs.933,900)

    (Nrs.319,500

    )(Nrs.173,200

    )(Nrs.144,300

    )(Nrs.126,100

    )(Nrs.94,400

    )(Nrs.50,600

    )(Nrs.26,800

    )(Nrs.13,400

    )Nrs.12,200 Nrs.54,200 Nrs.68,400

    Interest Expense Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Taxes Incurred Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0

    Net Profit (Nrs.933,900)

    (Nrs.319,500

    )(Nrs.175,200

    )(Nrs.146,300

    )(Nrs.128,100

    )(Nrs.96,400

    )(Nrs.52,600

    )(Nrs.28,800

    )(Nrs.15,400

    )Nrs.10,200 Nrs.52,200 Nrs.66,400

    Net Profit/Sales 0.00% 0.00% -113.77% -78.24% -60.80% -39.43% -18.69% -9.29% -4.58% 2.77% 12.61% 14.73%

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    Appendix

    Pro Forma Cash FlowJan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

    Cash

    Received

    Cash from

    OperationsCash Sales Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.115,500 Nrs.140,250 Nrs.158,025 Nrs.183,375 Nrs.211,050 Nrs.232,575 Nrs.252,000 Nrs.276,000 Nrs.310,350 Nrs.338,100Cash fromReceivables

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.1,283 Nrs.38,775 Nrs.46,948 Nrs.52,957 Nrs.61,433 Nrs.70,589 Nrs.77,741 Nrs.84,267

    Subtotal

    Cash from

    Operations

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.115,500 Nrs.140,250 Nrs.159,308 Nrs.222,150 Nrs.257,998 Nrs.285,532 Nrs.313,433 Nrs.346,589 Nrs.388,091 Nrs.422,367

    Additional

    Cash

    ReceivedSales Tax,

    VAT,

    HST/GST

    Received

    10.00

    %Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.15,400 Nrs.18,700 Nrs.21,070 Nrs.24,450 Nrs.28,140 Nrs.31,010 Nrs.33,600 Nrs.36,800 Nrs.41,380 Nrs.45,080

    New

    Current

    Borrowing

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0

    New Other

    Liabilities

    (interest-

    free)

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0

    New Long-

    term

    Liabilities

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0

    Sales of

    Other

    Current

    Assets

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0

    Sales of

    Long-term

    Assets

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0

    New

    Investment

    Received

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0

    Subtotal

    Cash

    Received

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.130,900 Nrs.158,950 Nrs.180,378 Nrs.246,600 Nrs.286,138 Nrs.316,542 Nrs.347,033 Nrs.383,389 Nrs.429,471 Nrs.467,447

    Expenditure

    sJan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

    Expenditure

    s from

    OperationsCash

    SpendingNrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000

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    AppendixBill

    PaymentsNrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.28,263 Nrs.827,420 Nrs.233,757 Nrs.241,337 Nrs.245,483 Nrs.250,870 Nrs.252,670 Nrs.246,163 Nrs.251,317 Nrs.263,613

    Subtotal

    Spent on

    Operations

    Nrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.114,263 Nrs.913,420 Nrs.319,757 Nrs.327,337 Nrs.331,483 Nrs.336,870 Nrs.338,670 Nrs.332,163 Nrs.337,317 Nrs.349,613

    Additional

    Cash SpentSales Tax,

    VAT,

    HST/GSTPaid Out

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0

    Principal

    Repayment

    of Current

    Borrowing

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0

    Other

    Liabilities

    Principal

    Repayment

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0

    Long-term

    Liabilities

    Principal

    Repayment

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0

    Purchase

    Other

    Current

    Assets

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0

    Purchase

    Long-term

    Assets

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0

    Dividends Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Subtotal

    Cash SpentNrs.86,000 Nrs.86,000 Nrs.114,263 Nrs.913,420 Nrs.319,757 Nrs.327,337 Nrs.331,483 Nrs.336,870 Nrs.338,670 Nrs.332,163 Nrs.337,317 Nrs.349,613

    Net Cash

    Flow(Nrs.86,000) (Nrs.86,000) Nrs.16,637 (Nrs.754,470

    )(Nrs.139,378

    )(Nrs.80,737) (Nrs.45,346) (Nrs.20,328) Nrs.8,363 Nrs.51,226 Nrs.92,154 Nrs.117,833

    Cash

    BalanceNrs.2,799,00

    0Nrs.2,713,00

    0Nrs.2,729,63

    7Nrs.1,975,16

    7Nrs.1,835,78

    8Nrs.1,755,05

    2Nrs.1,709,70

    6Nrs.1,689,37

    8Nrs.1,697,74

    0Nrs.1,748,96

    6Nrs.1,841,12

    0Nrs.1,958,95

    3

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    Appendix

    Pro Forma Balance SheetJan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

    Assets StartingBalances

    Current

    Assets

    Cash Nrs.2,885,000 Nrs.2,799,000 Nrs.2,713,000 Nrs.2,729,637 Nrs.1,975,167 Nrs.1,835,788 Nrs.1,755,052 Nrs.1,709,706 Nrs.1,689,378 Nrs.1,697,740 Nrs.1,748,966 Nrs.1,841,120 Nrs.1,958,953Accounts

    ReceivableNrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.38,500 Nrs.85,250 Nrs.136,642 Nrs.158,992 Nrs.182,394 Nrs.206,963 Nrs.229,530 Nrs.250,941 Nrs.276,650 Nrs.305,083

    Other

    Current

    Assets

    Nrs.500,000 Nrs.500,000 Nrs.500,000 Nrs.500,000 Nrs.500,000 Nrs.500,000 Nrs.500,000 Nrs.500,000 Nrs.500,000 Nrs.500,000 Nrs.500,000 Nrs.500,000 Nrs.500,000

    Total

    Current

    Assets

    Nrs.3,385,00

    0Nrs.3,299,00

    0Nrs.3,213,00

    0Nrs.3,268,13

    7Nrs.2,560,41

    7Nrs.2,472,43

    0Nrs.2,414,04

    3Nrs.2,392,10

    0Nrs.2,396,34

    0Nrs.2,427,27

    0Nrs.2,499,90

    7Nrs.2,617,77

    0Nrs.2,764,03

    7

    Long-term

    AssetsLong-term

    AssetsNrs.1,000,00

    0Nrs.1,000,00

    0Nrs.1,000,00

    0Nrs.1,000,00

    0Nrs.1,000,00

    0Nrs.1,000,00

    0Nrs.1,000,00

    0Nrs.1,000,00

    0Nrs.1,000,00

    0Nrs.1,000,00

    0Nrs.1,000,00

    0Nrs.1,000,00

    0Nrs.1,000,00

    0Accumulat

    ed

    Depreciati

    on

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.2,000 Nrs.4,000 Nrs.6,000 Nrs.8,000 Nrs.10,000 Nrs.12,000 Nrs.14,000 Nrs.16,000 Nrs.18,000 Nrs.20,000

    Total

    Long-term

    Assets

    Nrs.1,000,00

    0Nrs.1,000,00

    0Nrs.1,000,00

    0Nrs.998,000 Nrs.996,000 Nrs.994,000 Nrs.992,000 Nrs.990,000 Nrs.988,000 Nrs.986,000 Nrs.984,000 Nrs.982,000 Nrs.980,000

    Total

    AssetsNrs.4,385,00

    0Nrs.4,299,00

    0Nrs.4,213,00

    0Nrs.4,266,13

    7Nrs.3,556,41

    7Nrs.3,466,43

    0Nrs.3,406,04

    3Nrs.3,382,10

    0Nrs.3,384,34

    0Nrs.3,413,27

    0Nrs.3,483,90

    7Nrs.3,599,77

    0Nrs.3,744,03

    7

    Liabilities

    and

    Capital

    Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

    Current

    LiabilitiesAccounts

    PayableNrs.0 Nrs.847,900 Nrs.1,081,40

    0Nrs.1,294,33

    7Nrs.712,217 Nrs.729,260 Nrs.740,823 Nrs.741,340 Nrs.741,370 Nrs.752,100 Nrs.775,737 Nrs.798,020 Nrs.830,807

    CurrentBorrowing

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0Other

    Current

    Liabilities

    Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.15,400 Nrs.34,100 Nrs.55,170 Nrs.79,620 Nrs.107,760 Nrs.138,770 Nrs.172,370 Nrs.209,170 Nrs.250,550 Nrs.295,630

    Subtotal

    Current

    Liabilities

    Nrs.0 Nrs.847,900 Nrs.1,081,400

    Nrs.1,309,73

    7Nrs.746,317 Nrs.784,430 Nrs.820,443 Nrs.849,100 Nrs.880,140 Nrs.924,470 Nrs.984,907 Nrs.1,048,57

    0Nrs.1,126,43

    7

    Long-term

    LiabilitiesNrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0 Nrs.0

    Total

    LiabilitiesNrs.0 Nrs.847,900 Nrs.1,081,40

    0Nrs.1,309,73

    7Nrs.746,317 Nrs.784,430 Nrs.820,443 Nrs.849,100 Nrs.880,140 Nrs.924,470 Nrs.984,907 Nrs.1,048,57

    0Nrs.1,126,43

    7

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    Appendix

    Paid-in

    CapitalNrs.6,000,00

    0Nrs.6,000,00

    0Nrs.6,000,00

    0Nrs.6,000,00

    0Nrs.6,000,00

    0Nrs.6,000,00

    0Nrs.6,000,00

    0Nrs.6,000,00

    0Nrs.6,000,00

    0Nrs.6,000,00

    0Nrs.6,000,00

    0Nrs.6,000,00

    0Nrs.6,000,00

    0Retained

    Earnings(Nrs.1,615,0

    00)(Nrs.1,615,0

    00)(Nrs.1,615,0

    00)(Nrs.1,615,0

    00)(Nrs.1,615,0

    00)(Nrs.1,615,0

    00)(Nrs.1,615,0

    00)(Nrs.1,615,0

    00)(Nrs.1,615,0

    00)(Nrs.1,615,0

    00)(Nrs.1,615,0

    00)(Nrs.1,615,0

    00)(Nrs.1,615,0

    00)Earnings Nrs.0 (Nrs.933,90

    0)(Nrs.1,253,4

    00)(Nrs.1,428,6

    00)(Nrs.1,574,9

    00)(Nrs.1,703,0

    00)(Nrs.1,799,4

    00)(Nrs.1,852,0

    00)(Nrs.1,880,8

    00)(Nrs.1,896,2

    00)(Nrs.1,886,0

    00)(Nrs.1,833,8

    00)(Nrs.1,767,4

    00)Total

    CapitalNrs.4,385,00

    0Nrs.3,451,10

    0Nrs.3,131,60

    0Nrs.2,956,40

    0Nrs.2,810,10

    0Nrs.2,682,00

    0Nrs.2,585,60

    0Nrs.2,533,00

    0Nrs.2,504,20

    0Nrs.2,488,80

    0Nrs.2,499,00

    0Nrs.2,551,20

    0Nrs.2,617,60

    0Total

    Liabilitiesand

    Capital

    Nrs.4,385,00

    0

    Nrs.4,299,00

    0

    Nrs.4,213,00

    0

    Nrs.4,266,13

    7

    Nrs.3,556,41

    7

    Nrs.3,466,43

    0

    Nrs.3,406,04

    3

    Nrs.3,382,10

    0

    Nrs.3,384,34

    0

    Nrs.3,413,27

    0

    Nrs.3,483,90

    7

    Nrs.3,599,77

    0

    Nrs.3,744,03

    7

    Net Worth Nrs.4,385,000

    Nrs.3,451,10

    0Nrs.3,131,60

    0Nrs.2,956,40

    0Nrs.2,810,10

    0Nrs.2,682,00

    0Nrs.2,585,60

    0Nrs.2,533,00

    0Nrs.2,504,20

    0Nrs.2,488,80

    0Nrs.2,499,00

    0Nrs.2,551,20

    0Nrs.2,617,60

    0