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Arctic Wolf By Iman Luther

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  • Arctic Wolf By Iman Luther
  • Scientific Classification
    • Kingdom animalia,
    • phylum chordata,
    • class mammalia,
    • order carnivora,
    • family canidae,
    • genus canis,
    • species lupus
  • Habitat
    • Live in the High Artic
      • North America
      • Greenland
      • North Pole
    • Maintain white coat year round
  • What They Eat
    • Are carnivors
    • Primary eat musk oxen, caribou, and arctic hares
    • Hunt in small packs of 2-3 wolves
  • Characteristics
    • Have 2 coats of fur
      • Top coat is oily so that it is water resistant
      • Undercoat is thick to insulate heat
    • Smaller than most most wolves
      • Have smaller ears and noses to maintain heat
    • Large wooly paws that are webbed
      • Helps tread over snow quietly and efficiently
  • Characteristics
    • Pups are born with one coat of fur but are blind. When their eyes first open they are blue and then change to yellow at 6 months
    • Feed from mothers breast milk and regurgitated food
    • Are weaned at 2-4 months
  • Behaviors
    • Mate during the summer months
      • Only time when there is some grass on the ground
      • The time when there is the most food available
    • Have small packs that consist of
      • Alpha male, Alpha female, Yearlings, and new born pups
      • Maximum 8 wolves to a pack
      • Will sometimes adopt a stray wolf as a step parent
  • Behaviors
    • Alpha status is automatic once a wolf has mated
    • An alpha male has dominance over every other wolf but an alpha female has dominance over every wolf but the male
    • Wolf packs behave differently when there are pups and when there are not
  • Howling
    • Wolf howls are a wolfs communication to one
    • another. Their specific pitch
    • and tone is audible through
    • thick woods and high pitched
    • winds. It can let a hunting
    • party know that the rendez
    • vous spot has been changed
    • or the marking of territory
    • Large packs of wolfs will howl more than smaller packs this is because smaller packs have less competition for territory
  • Mating
    • Mating season is during the summer months of june, july, and august
    • Both male and female wolves are wanderers until they find a mate
    • Sexually mature at 2-3 years old
    • Female will birth 2-4 pups at one time
    • Dominance issues are rare because packs stay so small in order to have enough food for everyone.
  • Social Dominance
    • A demonstration of social dominance is when a wolf stands
    • over a sitting wolf. The sitting wolf will have their ears
    • tucked back, and standing wolf will have ears erect and tail horizontal
    • A dominant stance when a couple is about to mate is the
    • female will lay on her side with her legs stretched out and
    • the male will sniff her genitals.
    • Submitting to the alpha male or female simply means
    • that they are trying to be friendly and are not showing any
    • type of challenge to their dominance.
    • Active submission is demonstrated when a younger wolf
    • is begging for food from either one of the alphas. They will
    • approach the alphas with their ears tucked back head
    • lowered horizontally and their tail wagging, then they will
    • lick up.the alpha will choose to regurgitate food or not.
  • Social Dominance
    • Licking up
      • Licking up is when a wolf approaches an alpha in active submission and licks the mouth of the alpha like a kiss.
    • Passive submission is like the submission a female will do for a male before they mate. The wolf will lay on its back or side and the alpha will sniff its genitals. Standing over is a wolfs way of affectionately hugging
  • Hunting
    • Alpha male and female will hunt separate from the yearlings
    • Both will hunt for 2-3 hour intervals will rarely leave pups alone
    • Newly born pups will only be left in a hidden den when food is scarce
    • The wolves will only keep coming back to the same den for a maximum of 2 weeks so that their scent is not picked up but predators.
  • How do wolf packs act differently when there are pups and when there arent
    • When a wolf pack has pups the yearlings, which are the wolves that are 1-2 years old, are more independent and leave the pack to mate and make their own packs earlier.
    • Alpha male and alpha female do not hunt with yearlings and spend more time on providing food for the pups
    • Yearlings will also regurgitate food for the pups
  • When wolf packs do not have pups
    • Yearlings will stay with the pack longer
    • Alpha male and female will regurgitate food to them if they beg
    • Yearlings will hunt with alpha male and female
    • Yearlings will sleep in close vicinity to each other like young pups who need more warmth until their second coat grows.
  • Bibiliography
    • http://www.galleryone.com/images/brenders/brenders_-_tundra_summit-arctic_wolves.JPG
    • http://www.itsnature.org/Ice/images/article-images/arctic-wolf.jpg
    • http://www.asij.ac.jp/elementary/projects/3-s/webgame/milesb/arcticwolf1.jpg
    • http://animals.timduru.org/dirlist/wolf/Arctic%20Wolf.jpg
    • http://fangedwolf.tripod.com/ArcticWolfpup.jpg
    • http://fangedwolf.tripod.com/ArcticwolfOK.jpg
    • http://grannevacation.s3.amazonaws.com/2007_summer_plains/20070701_sunday/20070701_bear_country_elk_solo_640x480.jpg