cartoon #1: modern cartoon. cartoon #2: late 1870s cartoon

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  • Cartoon #1: Modern cartoon

  • Cartoon #2: Late 1870s Cartoon

  • Millions of immigrants entered the U.S. in the late 19th Century for various reasonsPush FactorsPull Factors

  • Push:1. Religious Persecution

    2. Overpopulation

    3. Spirit of Reform in EuropePull:1. Availability of Jobs

    2. Availability of Land

    3. Political and Religious Freedom

  • Europeans arrived on the East Coast (New York Harbor)Ellis IslandBefore 1890---mostly from western and northern EuropeAfter 1890, mostly from southern and eastern EuropeAdd Ellis Island to your U.S. map!!

  • From 1892-1924, 17 million immigrants passed through Ellis Islands facilities20% were detained more than one day2% were denied entry

  • ELLIS ISLAND, NEW YORK HARBOR

  • Statue of LibertyEllis Island

  • Chinese arrived on the West CoastAngel Island is in San Francisco Port for Asian immigrantsProcessing was much harder than that on Ellis IslandWhy? Pull Factors included:Gold RushRailroadsMany Chinese men worked for the railroadsAdd Angel Island to your map!!

  • ANGEL ISLAND WAS CONSIDERED MORE HARSH THAN ELLIS ISLAND

  • Hawaiian planters recruited Japanese workers

  • Immigrants arrived from Jamaica, Cuba, Puerto Rico, and other islands

    Mexicans immigrated to the U.S. to find work and flee political turmoil

  • While some tried to assimilate into American culture, others created ethnic communities

    Some native born Americans disliked the immigrants unfamiliar customs and languagesKnown as NativismXenophobia: fear of anyone/thing foreignIn 1882, Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act which limited Chinese immigration until 1943

    Chinatowns are found in many major citiesDefacto segregation

  • To become a citizen (A citizen is a participatory member of a political community) you must complete the NATURALIZATION processSEE HANDOUTLong ProcessApplicationBackground checkCitizenship TestInterviewCeremony

  • OBJECTIVE: You will analyze Primary and Secondary sources to determine whether the source presents the realities of American immigration as a DREAM or NIGHTMARE.