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  • Administrator's Guide PUBLICDocument Version: 1503 SP 5 2016-11-09

    Central Finance SAP Simple Finance, On-Premise Edition 1503 SPS 5

  • Content

    1 Document History. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

    2 Central Finance Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

    3 Getting Started. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63.1 About this Document. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63.2 Related Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63.3 Prerequisites. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

    4 System Landscape. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19

    5 Technical Clearing of Open Items. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

    6 Special Business Transactions: Additional Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22

    7 Installation Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .237.1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

    Overview of Activities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

    8 Configuration in Central Finance System: General Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

    9 Error Handling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .299.1 About Error Handling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299.2 AIF - Archiving and Compression of XML Messages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

    10 Data Mapping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3510.1 Introduction to Data Mapping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3510.2 Define Technical Settings for Business Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3510.3 Configuration in Central Finance System: Mapping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3610.4 Enhance Business Mapping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4310.5 Determination of Cost Object-Dependent Objects in Central Finance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4510.6 Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) Split for Account-Based COPA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

    11 Configuration in SAP System Landscape Replication Server. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48

    12 Customizing Settings for Asset Documents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

    13 Initial Load. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5313.1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

    Prerequisites. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5513.2 Initial Load of CO Secondary Postings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64

    2 P U B L I CCentral Finance SAP Simple Finance, On-Premise Edition 1503 SPS 5

    Content

  • 13.3 Initial Load: Additional Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6513.4 After the Initial Load. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67

    Central Finance SAP Simple Finance, On-Premise Edition 1503 SPS 5Content P U B L I C 3

  • 1 Document History

    Table 1: Title

    Version Date Description

    4 P U B L I CCentral Finance SAP Simple Finance, On-Premise Edition 1503 SPS 5

    Document History

  • 2 Central Finance Overview

    With Central Finance customers can connect their distributed system landscape, which can be made up of a combination of SAP systems of different releases and non-SAP systems, to a centralized SAP Simple Finance system. Financial Accounting (FI) and Management Accounting (CO) postings can be replicated into this Central Finance system.

    This allows you to establish a Central Reporting Platform for FI/CO with the option of creating a common reporting structure. Additionally, selected financial processes can be executed centrally in this system. To prepare common reporting structures, you can map your different accounting entities (for example, account, profit center, or cost center) in your local systems to one common set of master data in the central system. You can then replicate Financial Accounting and Management Accounting postings to your Central Finance system.

    There, FI documents and CO postings are combined into one document; the universal journal entry. In addition, all cost elements are part of the chart of accounts. Before you replicate CO postings to the Central Finance system, you need to make sure that accounts are available for all cost elements. You can also replicate cost objects (for example, internal orders) to the Central Finance system. These represent the business transactions in logistics (for example, production, maintenance, and quality) and may not be at an appropriate granularity in the Central Finance system. For this reason, you can choose to transfer some cost objects, such as long-living internal orders, directly to orders and to map other cost objects, such as short-living production orders, to more long-living cost objects, such as a production cost collector.

    NotePlease note that only the creation but no changes to cost objects are replicated in this release.

    Central Finance SAP Simple Finance, On-Premise Edition 1503 SPS 5Central Finance Overview P U B L I C 5

  • 3 Getting Started

    3.1 About this Document

    This guide is the starting point for the implementation of Central Finance and is divided into the following main sections:

    Introduction with references to related documents and relevant SAP notes System Landscape Configuration

    NoteYou can find the most current version of this document on SAP Service Marketplace at http://service.sap.com/erp-inst .

    We strongly recommend that you use the document available there. The guide will be updated according to updates of the software.

    3.2 Related Information

    Planning Information

    For more information about implementation topics not covered in this guide, see the following content on SAP Service Marketplace or SAP Help portal:

    Table 2:

    Content Location

    Latest versions of installation and upgrade guides http://service.sap.com/erp-inst

    Administrators Guide, SAP Simple Finance, On-Premise Edition

    http://service.sap.com/erp-inst

    SAP Landscape Transformation Replication Server http://help.sap.com SAP In-Memory Computing SAP

    HANA SAP HANA Options SAP HANA Real-Time

    Replication

    6 P U B L I CCentral Finance SAP Simple Finance, On-Premise Edition 1503 SPS 5

    Getting Started

    http://help.sap.com/disclaimer?site=http://service.sap.com/erp-insthttp://help.sap.com/disclaimer?site=http://service.sap.com/erp-insthttp://help.sap.com/disclaimer?site=http://service.sap.com/erp-insthttp://help.sap.com/disclaimer?site=http://service.sap.com/erp-insthttp://help.sap.com

  • Before you Start your Implementation

    We strongly recommend that you read SAP Note 2148893 - Central Finance: Implementation and Configuration. This note provides additional information and documentation about the installation and configuration of Central Finance and lists all relevant notes that need to be implemented in either the source systems or the Central Finance system.

    Also read SAP Note 2184567 - Central Finance: Frequently Asked Questions.

    In addition, install all notes on component FI-CF to avoid encountering problems which have already been solved.

    Make sure that you have the up-to-date version of each SAP Note, which you can find on SAP Service Marketplace at http://service.sap.com/notes .

    Important SAP Notes for Source Systems

    When an FI or CO document is posted in the source system, additional data has to be stored temporarily and sent to the Central Finance system. The following SAP Notes contain the most recent information on the installation, as well as corrections to the installation documentation, and need to be implemented in order to enable the document transfer from the source systems to the Central Finance system using the SAP LT Replication Server:

    Table 3:

    SAP Note Number Title Description

    2323494 Overview of notes relevant for source system

    Relevant for Source Systems

    Contains an overview of all notes re

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