chapter 15 notes physical geography of russia & the republics: a land of extremes

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  • Chapter 15 NotesPhysical Geography of Russia & the Republics: A Land of Extremes

  • Region is 3xs the size of U.S.Crosses 11 time zones & 2 continents1/6 of all land areaSection 1- Landforms & Resources

  • Northern European plainContains 75% of regions populationMoscowSt. PetersburgKievChernozem- black earthSection 1- Landforms & Resources

  • Ural Mts.- dividing line between Europe & AsiaEurasia- name given for the single landmass of Europe & AsiaSection 1- Landforms & Resources

  • DONT WRITETranscaucasia- region that consists of Armenia, Azerbaijan, & GeorgiaSection 1- Landforms & ResourcesTranscaucasiaCentral Asia

  • Lake Baikal- Deepest lake in the worldHolds 20% of worlds freshwater supplies

    Section 1- Landforms & Resources

  • Siberia- the part of Russia that lies on the continent of AsiaVery inaccessible1/5 of worlds timber resourcesVery cold wintersSection 1- Landforms & Resources

  • Continentality- the effects of being so far away from large bodies of waterHotter summers & colder wintersKansas?Section 2- Climate & Vegetation

  • Taiga- largest forest on earthSection 2- Climate & Vegetation

  • DONT WRITEReindeerSection 2- Climate & Vegetation

  • Aral Sea- once 4th largest freshwater lake in worldWater from its 2 main rivers has been diverted to cotton fields No native fish left of 24 speciesSection 3- Human-Environment Interaction

  • Runoff- rainfall not absorbed by the soil that runs into streams & riversThis has severely damaged the Aral SeaSection 3- Human-Environment Interaction

  • Dont Write Some areas of Siberia get to -95 F in the winterCracks steelTires Explode Whispering of the StarsWhen you exhale, your breath freezes into crystals that fall to the ground & make a noiseSection 3- Human-Environment Interaction

  • Dont WriteWarm weather melts the ice & snow causing floodingBrings enormous clouds of insectsPermafrost in the region also means buildings have to be built up off of the groundSection 3- Human-Environment Interaction

  • Dont WriteRussian winters stopped Napoleon & HitlerNapoleon left Russia with 100,000 troops at the beginning of winter, by the time he got back to France he had lost 90,000 troopsSection 3- Human-Environment Interaction

  • Section 3- Human-Environment InteractionDONT WRITETrans-Siberian Railroad- links Moscow and Vladivostok5700 miles longCrosses 7 time zones