chapter 9 development -short version-. what is development? the continued progress of a society in...
Post on 25-Dec-2015
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- Chapter 9 Development -Short version-
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- What is DEVELOPMENT? The continued progress of a society in all areas ranging from demographics to economics to social factors.
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- Human Development Index (HDI) Economists and Geographers agree that certain characteristics of development affect all members of a human race regardless of culture ~Kaplan~ 4 Indicators of Human Development 1.Life Expectancy 2.Literacy 3.Education 4.Standard of Living
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- What can you infer?
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- Literacy Rate Map
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- Education of Girls Map (# of girls in school per 100 boys)
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- % of population with high school diploma or higher
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- Economic Data Indicators Can also measure development of a society Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Selling price of all goods & services produced in a country in a year. Gross National Product (GNP) Value of goods & services produced by that countries companies in a year. Can include sales by transnational corporations in other countries.
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- What can you infer?
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- GDP per Capita GDP divided by total population of that country. Result is value of the average persons production in a year. 2005 GDP of the USA was over 12.4 trillion, its nearest competitor was Japan. BUT GDP per capita shows that the leading country is Luxembourg with $70,000. The USA is $41,000.
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- Economic Sectors You can analyze the development of a country by looking at where the majority of people work in their economy. If the majority of people in a society worked in agricultural sectors, what level of development do you think that society would be in?
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- Economic Sector Classification Primary Secondary Tertiary
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- Primary Economic Sectors Involvement in basic activities, such as farming. Primary industries extract resources from the Earth, such as timber, fish, minerals, and soil.
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- Secondary Economic Sectors Use the materials from primary activities to manufacture a product for purchase. Ex: Furniture making
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- Tertiary Economic Activities Sells the products from the secondary economic sectors and provide services
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- Types of Jobs are different in LDCs and MDCs Agriculture Jobs 60% in LDC compared to only 5% in MDC LDCs first priority is food production for survival MDCs have recently experienced a decline in manufacturing jobs. Why?
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- Rags to Riches: Dimensions of Development 1. What two indicators did you use to assess a countrys level of development? 2. Why would researchers want to look at the % of people involved in non-agricultural activities? What do non-agricultural activities indicate? 3. What correlations did you notice between a countrys GDP per-capita ranking & their non- agricultural employment ranking? 4. How did these rankings impact their overall economic development ranking? Answer these on a separate sheet of paper when you are done with the activity!