climate policy scenario in india

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Climate Policy Scenario in India Neha Pahuja [email protected]

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Climate Policy Scenario in India. Neha Pahuja [email protected]. Outline. India: developmental challenges & growing emissions India: mitigation policy scenario Increased efforts: NAPCC, Copenhagen Pledge India: key negotiating position. India: development indicators. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Page 1: Climate Policy Scenario in India

Climate Policy Scenario in IndiaClimate Policy Scenario in India

Neha [email protected]

Page 2: Climate Policy Scenario in India

OutlineOutline

India: developmental challenges & growing emissions

India: mitigation policy scenario Increased efforts: NAPCC, Copenhagen Pledge India: key negotiating position

Page 3: Climate Policy Scenario in India

India: development indicatorsIndia: development indicators Rapid economic growth

Development of Infrastructure (Roads, Railways, Power, Electricity transmission, Water supply)

Electricity for all by 2012

Galloping mobility demands

Stagnating domestic production of energy resources

Budgetary constraints

Page 4: Climate Policy Scenario in India

India: the energy challengeIndia: the energy challenge Approximately 470 million Indians live without electricity -

almost 8% of World Population Traditional biomass is the primary cooking fuel for over 700

million Indians 80% of the population is below the income level $2 a day

respectively Low HDI due to lack of access to commercial energy - illiteracy,

poor health India’s per capita commercial energy consumption is about 20%

of the world average, 4% that of the US and 28% that of China To uplift the bottom sections of its society, India needs a

sustained GDP growth of 8 - 9 % every year for the next 25 years - this is not possible without Provisions of Modern Energy

Page 5: Climate Policy Scenario in India

India: Emissions ProfileIndia: Emissions Profile

Source: INCCA Workshop, May-2010

Page 6: Climate Policy Scenario in India

Trends: Future ProjectionsTrends: Future Projections

Source: MoEF, September-2009

Page 7: Climate Policy Scenario in India

India’s plans and targetsIndia’s plans and targets

Source: FICCI Task Force on Climate Change: December 2007

Page 8: Climate Policy Scenario in India

Increased efforts- 24 initiativesIncreased efforts- 24 initiatives

Source: MoEF, January, 2010

Page 9: Climate Policy Scenario in India

PM council on climate change in actionPM council on climate change in action

June 30, 2008- PM releases India’s first National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)

Outlines existing and future policies and programs to address climate mitigation and adaptation

Identifies eight core-national missions (through 2017)

Pledges that India’s per capita GHG emissions will at no point exceed that of developed countries

Long-term convergence of per capita emission

In addition: Copenhagen Pledge-20-25% intensity target (Low carbon committee)

Page 10: Climate Policy Scenario in India

Eight MissionsEight Missions

Page 11: Climate Policy Scenario in India

India & NAMAsIndia & NAMAs Global issues

– Negotiations inconclusive and ambiguous on implementation issues

– Uncertainty over Kyoto commitments and instruments– Uncertainties about carbon market mechanisms– No significant progress on definitional issues pertaining

to NAMAs

Page 12: Climate Policy Scenario in India

India & NAMAs - IIIndia & NAMAs - II

India’s Stand– Voluntary, legally non-binding, guided by over-riding

development priorities - No ‘peaking year’ for emissions– Emphasis on public funds - essential for financial

sustainability– Multilateral mechanism for technology transfer,

accelerated adoption, capacity-building, and support networks

Page 13: Climate Policy Scenario in India

Where do we go ..Where do we go ..

•Different proposals- domestic, supported, credited, sectoral…•ICA/MRV/ or both.. But what is it?•Linkages with other mechanism- Green Climate fund, technology mechanism, CDM…?•Private sector participation?