commuter rail system

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  • Commuter Rail System

    An Analyze In Developed Countries

    Present:

    Amin SePehrNia

  • Definitions and concepts

    Commuter rail is a public transport system in which delivers

    service to commuters.

    Commuter lines normally extend an average of 50 miles from

    their downtown terminus.

    Commuter train is a passenger train that is ridden mainly by

    passengers who travel regularly from one place to another.

    2Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • The trains are normally made up of a locomotive and a

    number of passenger coaches.

    The coaches are dimensionally similar to intercity coaches, but

    typically have higher density seating as the average ride is

    shorter.

    Commuter rail, also called suburban rail.

    3

    Definitions and concepts

    Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • Characteristics

    Providing more seating and less standing space, for the longer

    distances involved.

    Having scheduled services.

    Deliver services to lower-density suburban areas.

    Having a lower frequency of service.

    In ideal situation, trains run at high speed, theyre scheduled

    and they have minimum stops.

    4Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • The scheduled Trains

    Commuter rail system has lower frequency in compare with

    rapid railway.

    Instead of fixed times it follows scheduled programs.

    Moreover fewer stations have separated with longer distances.

    At first commuter rail, serves the suburbs with lower density

    and often shares its right with other rail transportation system.

    5Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • In some cases services are only offered in rush hours.

    In some cities, service is operated throughout the day and

    evening and on weekends.

    The distance range of commuter trains varies between 15

    to 200 kilometers.

    6

    The scheduled Trains

    Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • Differences between CR and other rail transport systems

    Inter-city trains are more comfortable than commuter trains.

    In inter-city train there are many spaces for passengers luggage.

    As the most important thing in commuter train isthe number of

    seats.

    Generally commuter trains are optimized for maximum seats.

    7Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • The rapid transport

    Normally covers the urban areas with higher trains frequency.

    Runs in domain between 12 to 20 km

    Serves on a separate line and infrastructure.

    Commuter rail usually uses of tracks, technology and standard

    framework on the mainline of railroad network.

    8

    Differences between CR and other rail transport systems

    Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • The Largest urban area in the world with approximately 31,200,000

    people.

    The urban area covers 2030 square miles.

    15,369 people per square mile.

    15 billion rides are carried annually.

    One of the most successful worlds metropolis in public transport.

    The highest public transport market share among urban areas.

    TOKYO-YOKOHAMA

    9Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • * Roughly 57 % of all travels in Tokyo are by public transport.

    * The largest urban railway network in the world:

    * The commuter rails and metro are completely integrated with each

    other.

    10

    TOKYO-YOKOHAMA

    *158 lines *48 operators

    *4714.5 km operational tracks *2210 stations.

    Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • The routes have extended about 1800 miles with more than 1200

    stations based on 60 lines.

    All of these routes are owned to commuter trains system.

    (without sharing with freight trains).

    This system is completely profitable without any investment or

    financing from government.

    The Commuter Rail System in Tokyo

    11Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • Commuter train feeds two of the words largest subway systems:

    Yokohama Subway System

    Chiba Monorail System.

    A kind of coordinating and cooperation in the railway services

    that just belongs to Japan.

    12

    The Commuter Rail System in Tokyo

    Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • Reciprocal service on northern suburban line

    (Tobu Isezaki Line-Tokyo)

    13

    International Standard gauge 1435 mm has changed to 1067 mm.

    Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • Commuter railway corporations have compact bus network that

    feeds trains.

    The number of buses in these lines are estimated more than 5000

    and this network is separated from common bus system .

    There are 0.61 commuter rail stations per square mile.

    1 station available for each 1.6 square miles of city area.

    Yamanote is a commuter route that has surrounded the central

    business area with more than 4.2 million jobs.14

    The Commuter Train System in Tokyo

    Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • tokyo-map.pngtokyo-map.png

  • Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • Distinctive Commuter Rail System in Tokyo

    Cooperation between companies that deliver public transport

    services.

    Competing between companies that deliver suburban services.

    Applied technology in suburban railway

    Differentiation

    Diversity

    Accuracy and agility

    Profitability

    in Service Delivery

    16Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • OSAKA-KOBE-KYOTO

    Osaka with approximately 15,250,000 people is the second urban

    area in japan.

    The urban area covers 1050 square miles.

    14,500 peoples per square mile.

    The second highest public transport ridership in the automotive

    world with 6 billion annual Trips.

    Roughly 60 percent of all travels in Osaka are done by public

    transport.17Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • The high amount of public transport passengers are carried by

    suburban railways.

    Osaka has more than 1000 miles route with more than 1000

    stations based on 30 lines in commuter rail network.

    There are 1.01 commuter rail stations per square mile.

    It means the commuter trains are more accessible than Tokyo.

    The Commuter Rail System in Osaka

    18Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • o The commuter rail system operates as a profitable enterprise

    without any investment or financing from government.

    o Railway private companies have prepared a dense and

    connected network with more than 2500 bus that is separated

    from common bus system.

    o The commuter railways are connected with subway lines.

    19

    The Commuter Train System in Osaka

    Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • Osaka Loop Line (21.7 km), which connects all subway lines,

    and the two Hankai tramway lines.

    As is common with other Japanese metro systems, some lines

    have a reciprocal service with suburban rail lines.

    20Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • osaka-map.pngosaka-map.png

  • Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • NAGOYA

    Nagoya has approximately 8 million people.

    With population density less than Tokyo and Osaka and 7,400

    peoples per square mile is the third largest urban area in Japan.

    The urban area covers 1090 square miles.

    Public transport market share for Nagoya is 25 percent.

    Half of it belongs to commuter rail system.

    22Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • Suburban trains in Nagoya have 650 million passenger annually.

    Nagoya has a comprehensive commuter rail system with more

    than 500 miles route and more than 800 stations based on 35 lines.

    The Commuter Train System in Nagoya

    23

    This system belongs to private sector that has about 800 buses

    more over common bus system in city.

    Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • In Nagoya there are 0.77 commuter rail stations per square mile.

    In each 1.3 mile, one station will be accessible.

    Like Osaka, Nagoya is more accessible than Tokyo.

    Nagoya commuter rail system is managed by private sector -

    without any subsidies or financing from government.

    The Commuter Train System in Nagoya

    24Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • 39 km Meitetsu Nagoya Railroad a private suburban rail

    service, partly shared service on Tsurumai Subway Line.

    8.5 km KinetsuKinki Nippon Railway (suburban) 5 km

    Tokai Kotsu Jigyo.

    25Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

    nagoya-map.gifnagoya-map.gif

  • Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • The success factors of commuter railway and public transport

    Tokyo, Osaka and Nagoya

    Great development in public transport system before

    widespread use of private Vehicles.

    The coordinated and integrated public transport system.

    Extended commuter railway.

    Connecting to bus network

    The higher speed of public transport system

    The high frequency of service delivery27Am!n SePehrNia Commuter Rail System

  • PARIS

    The Europe's largest public transport system.

    9,650,000 people and 9,100 density per square mile.

    24 % of travels in Paris are being done by public transport

    system.

    One-quarter of passengers are carried by suburban trains.

    The main core of this system is local rapid trains network that

    deliver services to suburbs.

    28Am!n

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