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Slide 2 Content: History. (How dogs were domesticated) History. (How dogs were domesticated) History. (How dogs were domesticated) Dogs in military service Dogs in military service Dogs in military service Rescue dogs Rescue dogs Rescue dogs Space dogs Space dogs Space dogs Dogs faithfulness Dogs faithfulness Dogs faithfulness Mad about dogs Mad about dogs Mad about dogs Homeless dogs Homeless dogs Homeless dogs My suggestions to solve the problem of homeless dogs My suggestions to solve the problem of homeless dogs My suggestions to solve the problem of homeless dogs My dogs My dogs My dogs Slide 3 Problem: Why while homeless dogs die, people are mad about their pets? Slide 4 History. (How dogs were domesticated) Wild wolves were domesticated around 10,000 B.C. in southwest Asia, China. Wolves highly structured pack behavior made them ideal for domestication because they were eager to please. Eventually, domestication greatly changed the appearance and behavior of the animals, making them what are known today as dogs. Slide 5 Dogs in military service Dogs have been used in war for a very long time. Some ancient civilizations that used war dogs included the Egyptians, the Greeks, the ancient Britons and the Romans. In the 20-th century dogs served in both World Wars. They carried secret messages, laid telegraph wires, sniffed out mines, dug out bomb victims and even made parachute jumps. For example, a dog Zhuchka found 2.000 mines in 18 days during the Great Patriotic War. Nowadays, dogs still have their service in the army. Mine dogs are trained to sniff out a mine and then sit down while their masters clear it. Slide 6 Rescue dogs The first rescue dogs appeared some centuries ago and worked in the mountains. The monks of the Saint Bernard monastery created a special kind of dogs for using them to look for the people lost their way in the Alps. The most famous of St.Bernard dogs Barry by name saved over 40 lives and was shot dead by a rescuee who mistook the dog for a bear. Nowadays dogs are widely used for rescuing people after snow-slips and earthquakes. Slide 7 Space dogs Laika (Barker) became the first living Earth-born creature in orbit aboard Sputnik-I in November 3.1957. Some call her the first living passenger to go into space. Belka and Strelka (Whitey and Little Arrow) spent a day aboard space ship Sputnik-II in August 19.1960 before safely returning to the Earth. Strelka after her space trip went on to have six puppies. One of the pups named Pushinka was presented to president John F. Kennedys daughter Carolina by Nikita Khrushchev in 1961. Slide 8 Dogs faithfulness In 1924 a dog, Hachiko was brought to Tokyo by his owner. The dog saw him off from the front door and greeted him at the end of the day at the railway station. Even after his owners death in 1925 Hachiko returned every day to the station to wait for him, and did it so for the next 10 years. The dogs devotion to his lost master moved people who nicknamed him faithful dog. When Hachiko died in 1935, a well-known Japanese artist made a sculpture of the dog. Slide 9 Mad about dogs The annual British dog show is called Crufts. It takes place every March in Birmingham and it is 113 years old. It was organized by Charles Cruft, a dog-biscuit seller in 1886. The Crufts dog show is the largest in the world. It lasts for 4 days and attracts dog lovers from all the continents. The aim of the show is to encourage interest in the care, training and all sorts of other activities connected with dogs. People all over the world are fond of dogs. An American scientist has invented a mobile phone for dogs which you can fix on your pets collar and have a chat with it. The top model also has a camera so you can see exactly what your dog is doing. Three Belgian student have set up a company that is going to produce ice cream for dogs! They are sure their Dog Ice, in the shape of a big bone, will be a huge success, because it has a special meat flavour. The ice crme will cost about 4. Rather expensive, isnt it? Slide 10 Homeless dogs Feral dogs have become a common sight in our country. They sleep in packs in empty lots and are fed buy the kindhearted and ambused by the cruel. Sometimes the animals become dangerous for people. Over five million dogs are killed in shelters each year. Millions more suffer from illness or injury before dying. Such neglect is accompanied by a number of cruel attacks against homeless animals. Slide 11 My suggestions to solve the problem of homeless dogs What to do with homeless dogs? To solve this problem people suggest: 1) To reduce the stray population of dogs through sterilization. 2) To open new shelters, to provide free veterinary care and boards the animal for free when the owner is away from home. 3) To adopt pets from shelters, to care for the animal properly and to bring it back if the owner cant manage. 4) To protect animals from cruel treatment, to punish people for beating and killing dogs. Slide 12 All members of my family are great dog lovers. Recently we had four dogs, but unfortunately one of them died. Our dogs names are Candy, Jimmy and Chuck. We like them not because they do some special work or rescue somebody. We love them because they are good friends, they trust and understand us every minute of their life. They express their love wagging their tales and looking into your eyes. Its a great fun to play with them. I cant stand when people make dogs suffer. Thats why I want to be a vet. Slide 13 USED LITERATURE: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Speak Out 2/2004 6) Speak Out 1/2005 7) Speak Out 2/2006

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