dcns press kit

PRESS KIT Euronaval exhibition 27-31 Octobre 2008 Paris – Le Bourget

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Page 1: DCNS Press Kit

PRESS KIT Euronaval exhibition 27-31 Octobre 2008 Paris – Le Bourget

Page 2: DCNS Press Kit

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DCNS ____________________________________________________________________________3

Welcome aboard! _______________________________________________________________________________ 3 Strategy ______________________________________________________________________________________ 7 Filières du Talent trade skills and ocean racing programme_________________________________________________ 10

Surface vessels and submarines_______________________________________________________11

Deterrence_____________________________________________________________________________11 New-generation nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines (French designation: SNLE-NG) _______________________ 11

Crisis management ______________________________________________________________________15 The PA2 aircraft carrier project_____________________________________________________________________ 16 BPC-type force projection & command vessels (aka LHDs)_________________________________________________ 18

Blue Water Capabilities ___________________________________________________________________19 Horizon high-tech air defence frigates ________________________________________________________________ 19 FREMM multimission frigates______________________________________________________________________ 19 The FM 400 is a new compact and flexible frigate derived from the FREMM with a full range of specialized versions.________ 19 Scorpene, an international benchmark in SSK design_____________________________________________________ 19 Barracuda nuclear-powered attack submarine __________________________________________________________ 19

Homeland security_______________________________________________________________________19 The Gowind Family: simple and efficient ships for sovereignty enforcing________________________________________ 19 Andrasta, excellence in the littorals__________________________________________________________________ 19

Autres Produits et services ___________________________________________________________19

Naval combat systems____________________________________________________________________19 SETIS: Naval Tactical Integrated Combat System _______________________________________________________ 19 SUBTICS® : Submarine Tactical Integrated Combat System________________________________________________ 19 Stand alone interoperability solutions ________________________________________________________________ 19 MATRICS maritime safety, security and surveillance system________________________________________________ 19

Equipments & Systems ___________________________________________________________________19 F21 next-generation heavyweight torpedo _____________________________________________________________ 19 Torpedo countermeasures ________________________________________________________________________ 19 BEST hybrid propulsion system ____________________________________________________________________ 19 Inovelis™ electric propulsion pods __________________________________________________________________ 19 Systems & subsystems / Mesma AIP ________________________________________________________________ 19 Shipmaster® ship management system_______________________________________________________________ 19 Sysmart® wireless communication system ____________________________________________________________ 19 Sylver® vertical launchers ________________________________________________________________________ 19 Aviation solutions ______________________________________________________________________________ 19

Innovations ____________________________________________________________________________19 Eco-design, a federative approach __________________________________________________________________ 19 SMX-24: flexible design for for future requirements_______________________________________________________ 19 Automatic flight deck landing system for naval UAVs _____________________________________________________ 19 ASM-X multimission UUV demonstrator for submarines ___________________________________________________ 19 Undersea warfare ______________________________________________________________________________ 19

Services_______________________________________________________________________________19 TLS expertise for sophisticated naval systems __________________________________________________________ 19 A full range of e-services _________________________________________________________________________ 19 NAVEO: modular, evolvable IT solutions for navies ______________________________________________________ 19 Closer to ships wherever they are… _________________________________________________________________ 19

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Welcome aboard!

The DCNS Group is one of Europe’s leading players on the world market for naval defence systems. DCNS acts as a prime contractor for naval shipbuilding, integration and support programmes by combining its own development, marketing and production capabilities with those of selected partners. To manage the complexity of such projects, the Group draws on in-house expertise in naval architecture and systems engineering, ship assembly and integration and equipment design and production, as well as through-life support. A world-class player in naval defence (2007 figures)

� Revenue: €2.8 billion � Orderbook: €8.3 billion � Operating income: €203 million � Experience: almost 400 years � Workforce: 12,723 (as of end 2007) � Customer base: over 50 navies

From naval dockyard to commercial company DCNS’s success as an advanced-technology company with global reach is built on over three centuries of know-how in naval shipbuilding and an exceptional heritage. DCNS, a 400-year-old startup DCNS’s history goes back to 1631 when Cardinal Richelieu set up France’s first naval shipyards. After giving the country the ships it needed to become a maritime power, the shipyards grew steadily while building up a growing body of know-how and introducing numerous technological innovations. Now with the legal status of a public limited company (or société anonyme) under French law, DCNS is a European leader in integrated warships, from design concept to construction and through-life support. A European leader in naval defence is born On 2 April 2007, the French naval defence sector’s key industrial, marketing and sales resources were combined to form a single company with a truly international identity. The new entity, known as DCNS, comprises the former DCN and the French naval activities of Thales. As part of this process, DCNS acquired Thales’s French naval businesses (with the exception of its equipment businesses) and its interests in Armaris and their subsidiaries while Thales acquired a 25% interest in DCNS. Following the change of status from government administration to stand-alone company, the next chapter in the Group’s story will be one of sustained growth. DCNS has the strengths – from products to expertise in prime contracting, combat management systems and services – to face ever-keener competition and win a growing share of international markets thanks to its comprehensive range of naval products and solutions.

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� Milestones in history

o 1631: Cardinal Richelieu sets up modern naval shipyards in Brest, Toulon and Indret

o 1751: Naval gun foundry set up in Ruelle

o 1778: Navy takes over Lorient shipyard from Compagnie des Indes

o 1803: Last state shipyard set up in Cherbourg

o 1961: President Charles de Gaulle instructs French defence procurement agency DGA to group naval shipyards under a new entity named Direction des Constructions Navales, or DCN

o 2003: DCN changes legal status from government administration to stand-alone company

o 2007: DCN changes name to DCNS and acquires French naval businesses of Thales (excluding equipment activities) while Thales, in exchange, acquires a 25% interest in DCNS. In addition to strengthening its international standing, this regrouping enables DCNS to deliver comprehensive solutions to client navies all over the world.

o 2008: DCNS adopts aggressive new growth policy designed to expand international sales and win new business in the power industry and services.

Unparalleled expertise Aside from its heritage, DCNS takes special pride in its internationally acclaimed expertise in all aspects of naval defence. To manage the complexity of such projects, DCNS draws on in-house expertise in naval architecture, warship systems engineering, ship assembly and integration and equipment design and production as well as through-life support.

Did you know?

Studies by international industrial analysts reveal that nuclear-powered ballistic-missile submarines (SSBNs) are the most sophisticated products ever designed by man. For instance, SSBN Le Terrible, the latest of France’s Le Triomphant class, weighs over 12,000 tonnes, comprises one million components and took 15 million person-hours to build. As prime contractor, DCNS coordinated the contributions of some 6,000 subcontractors.

By way of comparison, a car weighing 1.9 tonnes and comprising 3,000 components takes 23 person-hours to build while an airliner weighing 250 tonnes and comprising 100,000 components takes 50,000 person-hours to build.

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An innovative high-tech company

Almost 400 years’ experience in product innovation

1624: Birth of French Levant and Ponant fleets (Flotte du Levant and Flotte du Ponant)

1690: Soleil Royal, a 120-gun flagship built in less than 12 months, launched at Brest

1858: Work begins in Toulon on La Gloire, the world’s first ocean-going, iron-clad, steam-powered battleship

1899: Narval, an ancestor of the modern-day submarine, launched at Cherbourg

1967: Le Redoutable, France’s first SSBN, launched at Cherbourg making France a member of the group of just four countries with an independent submarine-based nuclear deterrent

1980: Design work begins on La Fayette stealth frigate with design features that will go on to be emulated by navies around the world

1997: Le Triomphant new-generation SSBN – quieter than the ocean’s background noise – enters service

2000: Charles de Gaulle nuclear-powered aircraft carrier enters service

2006: First SCORPENE conventional-propulsion submarine delivered to Chile

2007: BPC-type force projection and command vessels Mistral and Tonnerre, designed and built by DCNS, enter service with the French Navy

2008: Delivery of sixth Formidable-class frigate (DCNS Delta programme) to Republic of Singapore Navy

An integrated approach to naval defence DCNS’s key strengths include the ability to deliver highly integrated products, to control costs and to ensure ready-to-deploy interoperability. DCNS offers three main types of solutions:

� surface combatants and submarines with integrated combat systems

� critical equipment and systems including underwater weapons and propulsion systems

� services: guaranteed-availability through-life support, modernisations, upgrades, repairs and maintenance.

From design concept to decommissioning and throughout each vessel’s active life, DCNS can call on expertise and resources spanning:

� naval engineering, design and architecture by specialist teams based in Lorient, Cherbourg, Brest and Toulon

� shipbuilding at Cherbourg, Lorient and Brest with track records that include Le Triomphant-class SSBNs, Franco-Italian Horizon air defence frigates and FREMM multimission frigates, etc.

� combat and weapon systems, including the delivery and integration of the SENIT® combat management system (CMS) (the ‘brain’ of CVN Charles de Gaulle), SYLVER® vertical missile launchers, light- and heavyweight torpedoes, propulsion systems, etc.

� through-life support (TLS): repairs, maintenance and scheduled maintenance of surface combatants and submarines to ensure optimal operational availability.

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Unique experience in complex programmes

The management of technologically complex programmes is DCNS’s core area of expertise and the key to delivering complex high-quality products on budget. Products like the Barracuda nuclear-powered attack submarines (six next-generation SSNs to be delivered to the French Navy between 2016 and 2027). Some of the secrets of DCNS’s success in managing complexity include a proven ability to build and maintain team spirit, to give all Group entities a sense of community and to promote cooperation and understanding not only among DCNS shipyards and facilities, but also with customers and industrial partners. Knowledge and expertise are thus shared within the DCNS community and each programme a collective success.

Did you know?

Day in, day out, DCNS works with a vast array of partners in France and across Europe. Around 6,000 companies contribute to each SSBN. DCNS’s purchasing department actively networks with some 1,500 direct suppliers. Across

France, DCNS indirectly generates several thousand jobs.

Cutting-edge R&D DCNS’s reputation as a consistent innovator hinges on sustained Group-funded R&D. The aim is not only to develop new products meeting the emerging needs of client navies all over the world – like the new FM 400 modular frigates or the recently revamped GOWIND family of corvettes – but also to constantly improve the performance of current-generation products while raising Group-wide productivity and economic efficiency. A significant proportion of DCNS’s R&D budget is allocated to exploratory studies of new concepts, like the SMX 24 concept submarine on display at Euronaval 2008. Most of DCNS’s R&D projects involve partnerships with engineering schools, universities, laboratories and industrial firms as well as national and international bodies working on cooperation projects.

Proactive policies to protect the environment and more particularly the marine environment

Recognising that the sea is home not only to DCNS products, but also to the pastimes of many of the Group’s employees, DCNS has translated key environment protection responsibilities into corporate policy. Since 2004, the comprehensive environment management system rolled out at all DCNS sites has further reduced both hazardous and non-hazardous industrial waste. The Group is also paying special attention to human factors. In parallel with this effort, the Group has reorganised its management structure to ensure that nuclear risk management involves executives at the appropriate levels. DCNS has launched a procedure to achieve Group-wide environmental certification to ISO 14001 by end 2008. As part of a broad sustainable development strategy, a number of teams are working to reduce the environmental impact of DCNS products. The eco-design initiative takes environmental considerations into account throughout each vessel design lifecycle – from construction to operation, through-life support and decommissioning. DCNS has also signed an environmental charter with the French Navy, committing the parties to exchange best practice on the improvement of working conditions at French naval bases.

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The Group’s continuing growth is based on unparalleled expertise and resources at the service of an ambitious industrial project calling for, among other things, greater internationalisation, increased focus on naval service contracts and contributions to civil nuclear engineering projects. In a word, DCNS is determined to grow. The Group is expanding its product portfolio based on core competencies and developing a new portfolio in related areas. The aim is to promote DCNS expertise on growth markets with potential applications for the Group’s proven and often exceptional expertise. Raising DCNS’s international profile Bulgaria, Chile, Ecuador, Greece, India, Malaysia, Morocco, Russia... DCNS is positioning itself in a growing number of countries. From R&D partnerships to the setting up of local subsidiaries, the Group’s international initiatives are tailored to local market conditions. In 2007, international sales represented almost 30% of Group revenue. This figure, in line with projections, is a clear indication of the special importance that DCNS attaches to international customers and partners. With the firm intention of gaining greater access to growth markets, DCNS has adopted strategies to raise customer loyalty and win over new prospects for integrated warships, equipment and services. Success hinges on long-term relations with international customers and partners. This strategy is organised around two groups: existing customers whose loyalty we hope to retain for future programmes and new prospects that we hope to win over for the first time. This second group includes navies and procurement agencies in South America, Asia, Eastern Europe and North Africa, etc. With existing customers, DCNS aims to build long-term partnerships by, among other means, setting up local offices or subsidiaries. As well as promoting closer relations with local customers, this helps DCNS to identify potential industrial partners earlier and set up joint ventures. Better control over technology transfers is another advantage. The setting up of DCNS India Private Limited in Mumbai in September 2008 is a case in point. The main missions assigned to this wholly-owned DCNS subsidiary are (i) to provide support for the technology transfer contract signed in 2005 to build six SCORPENE submarines in India, (ii) to provide general support for DCNS staff seconded to India to work on this and other contracts, and (iii) to carry out studies and purchase products meeting the needs of other Group projects. DCNS India Private Limited is also responsible for expanding industrial partnerships with local contractors. Overall, this subsidiary is helping the Group to strengthen its industrial presence in India, to gain credibility and so better position itself for forthcoming calls for tenders (for heavyweight torpedoes, frigates, a second batch of submarines, force projection & command vessels, etc.). For DCNS, this is a concrete example of international growth on a rapidly expanding market. When establishing relations with new customers, DCNS usually begins by stepping up promotion and by prospecting for bid opportunities while exploring the potential for cooperation with local contractors. A case in point here is Greece, where DCNS recently opened an office to promote the new-generation frigate programme for the Hellenic Navy. This comes under a broad proactive initiative to listen more closely to our customers and to build strategic partnership with them. This initiative targets a number of Greek partners, not least the Sunlight company with which DCNS recently signed a contract for the supply of batteries for the Barracuda nuclear-powered attack submarine (SSN) programme. When a country’s needs reach a certain threshold, DCNS begins promoting selected items of naval equipment and bidding for contracts to overhaul or modernise existing vessels. Leveraging internationally acknowledged expertise, every contract is an opportunity to build trust. In Ecuador, DCNS is modernising the combat systems of two Type 209 submarines in association with Chilean naval shipbuilder ASMAR, following the signing of a contract between the two partners in December 2007. The contract calls for replacement of the German-designed combat systems by SUBTICS configurations comprising a DCNS-designed combat management system (CMS) and a sonar suite from Thales Underwater Systems.

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DCNS’s international growth also hinges on sustained R&D, particularly in partnership with our European and international counterparts. This enables British, Italian, Russian and other companies to contribute to DCNS projects. The Group’s cooperation with British company BAE Systems on the French and UK aircraft carrier projects is a case in point. This type of collaboration brings together the best expertise and multiplies the pathways to excellence. Expanding into new markets Drawing on its technologies and expertise, DCNS is now gearing up for significant expansion. Over the next ten years, the Group aims to raise the proportion of orders placed by international client navies and customers in new market segments (power, services, etc.) from 25% to 50%. To this end, DCNS aims to boost international sales by proposing new variants of existing products – including a range of smaller frigates – and by setting up subsidiaries in countries like Singapore and India. The idea here is to respond to calls for tenders in cooperation with local contractors who can then contribute by building the vessels locally. These initiatives include both existing and new products. The existing products are led by SCORPENE submarines (ten sold to date to India, Chile and Malaysia), FREMM multimission frigates (one sold in August 2008 to Morocco) and BPC-type force projection & command vessels (also known as LHDs). The FREMM family represents the Group’s state-of-the-art baseline in front-line fighting ships. The French Navy is highly satisfied with its two BPC-type vessels and a number of navies have expressed keen interest in the BPC/LHD concept. Emerging regional powers want to expand their fleets to gain greater control over their maritime areas and shipping lanes. DCNS is responding to these needs with new variants of existing designs. Examples include the new family of GOWIND corvettes, FM 400 modular frigates and ANDRASTA coastal defence submarines. The Group also aims to win more service contracts and a significant share of the market resulting from the French government’s efforts to outsource industrial services. Indeed, DCNS sees itself as a successful example of precisely this type of effort. The Group offers services for French military and naval bases as well as industrial facilities. For example, state-of-the-art service contracts tailored to the needs of the French Navy (major refits, refuelling and complex overhauls, support for weapon systems, logistic support, etc.) also match the needs of other navies. As armed forces outsource a growing range of services, navies are outsourcing through-life support services for ships and systems. In this highly competitive growth market, DCNS’s experience, expertise and track record – including the French fleet’s exceptional 72% technical availability – represent important strengths when bidding for new contracts. The refuelling and complex overhaul (RCOH) of CVN Charles de Gaulle – an important benchmark – involved the coordination of over 650 people on site, a host of industrial contractors and around 1,000 members of the ship’s regular crew. The decision to set up an INM (Infrastructure-Networks-Maintenance) team is part of DCNS’s proactive response to growing interest in outsourcing service management, first among French military and naval bases and, perhaps later, among commercial ports and industrial installations powered by gas turbines or diesel engines. Drawing on in-house skills and expertise and existing industrial support activities, the teams working in this area offer a vast array of industrial services. Drawing on its expertise in major engineering projects, the production of major items for nuclear powerplants and maintenance, DCNS also plans to expand its services in the civil nuclear engineering sector as a subcontractor to programme prime contractors and operators of nuclear power stations. With 40 years’ experience, including contributions to the design, development, construction and maintenance of 18 nuclear powerplants and long-term partnerships with the French atomic energy commission (CEA) and Areva TA, DCNS has acquired unique expertise that is of direct interest to nuclear engineering prime contractors like EDF or Areva for projects like the European Pressurised Reactor (EPR). Also in civil nuclear engineering, DCNS is now contributing to the ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) project and the renovation of nuclear power plants currently in service. And tomorrow… Given European and international targets for environmental protection, renewable energy from wind turbines, turbine-type marine current generators or systems exploiting thermal gradients in the sea offer considerable potential as future alternative energy sources. Combining its know-how and expertise, DCNS is well placed to offer a range of products and services.

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Partnerships and acquisitions DCNS also aims to step up international growth through partnerships and acquisitions. The first step was the acquisition of a majority interest in engineering company SIREHNA in 2007. SIREHNA develops and markets dynamic control systems for marine platforms, including dynamic positioning systems, anti-roll stabilisation systems and vessel monitoring systems for super yachts, professional and naval vessels and the offshore sector. The company is supplying Rudder Roll stabilisation systems for the FREMM programme. In recent months, DCNS has signed an R&D partnership with Russian defence export agency Rosoboronexport; an R&D cooperation agreement with Converteam, a company specialising in propulsion pods which, until recently, were used mainly in the civil sector; and a partnership with Norwegian company Kongsberg for ship management systems.

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Filières du Talent trade skills and ocean racing programme

A three-year programme The Filières du Talent programme represents a major commitment for the entire DCNS Group from 2008 to 2010. This human adventure with educational, social, technical and sporting benefits adds new colour to corporate life. DCNS has chosen famous French skipper Marc Thiercelin as the programme’s chief mentor. Over and above his outstanding record in ocean racing, Marc stands for the same cultural, educational, social and industrial values as DCNS. Trade skills and ocean racing

The Filières du Talent programme focuses on two areas: trade skills, an essential component of the Group’s corporate culture, and ocean racing, a passion closer to the corporate heart. 1) Knowledge sharing and helping young people to realise their potential are long-standing features of DCNS’s corporate culture. From naval architects who design warships to expert welders who build and maintain them, without forgetting the engineers who develop their IT and combat systems, all DCNS employees are keen to see their often unique know-how passed on to future generations. This programme offers young job seekers an opportunity to realise their potential with the support of DCNS employees and young skippers an opportunity to hone their skills with the support of Marc Thiercelin; 2) The Filières du Talent programme aims to promote teamwork and cooperation, two ongoing corporate challenges in a changing world, by giving employees an opportunity to write the pages of their shared history. The programme’s social and sporting dimensions give each and every employee an opportunity to commit according to their personal preferences. Those who enjoy passing on know-how and knowledge can contribute to trade skill actions while those who love sailing – one of the most popular sports among DCNS employees – can contribute to ocean racing actions. Those who like both, can, of course, contribute to both. To ensure that no employee is side-lined, every DCNS shipyard and facility offers a range of options for active involvement.

Filières du Talent highlights

o An innovative three-year programme – spanning 2008, 2009 and 2010 – to motivate the entire DCNS Group o Two areas: trade skills and ocean racing o Two core values: knowledge sharing and a passion for the sea o Marc Thiercelin, skipper of DCNS’s racing monohull and mentor for ocean racing o Trade skills: 1,000 young job-seekers will be offered discovery placements at DCNS shipyards and facilities. The

300 most promising will be offered combined study-and-work apprenticeships with the Group. DCNS will then help at least 50% of these apprentices to find jobs within DCNS or with other companies. As of end September 2008:

o 537 young people had attended discovery placements o 61 had signed combined study-and-work apprenticeship contracts

o Ocean racing: DCNS and Marc Thiercelin are sponsoring young sailors training to compete in ocean races. This is the first skipper talent quest ever to lead directly to an opportunity to compete in a major ocean race. Romain Attanasio or Christopher Pratt will go on to compete in the Transat Jacques Vabre 2009 alongside Marc Thiercelin, then in the Route du Rhum solo race in 2010.

For further information (in French only), go to: www.lesfilieresdutalent.com

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New-generation nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines (French designation: SNLE-NG)

Le Triomphant class, an ambitious programme The design, development and construction of France’s Le Triomphant-class SSBNs offering improved performance, particularly as regards acoustic discretion, began with the Cœlacanthe programme awarded to DCNS in 1986. The fact that the first-of-class Le Triomphant was, at one and the same time, a prototype, a test bench and the first of a new class made the programme especially challenging. Each submarine benefited from lessons learnt during its predecessor’s construction, beginning with SSBN Le Triomphant. The Le Triomphant-class SSBN programme also benefited from a range of advanced technologies developed in the course of over ten years’ R&D and studies by DCNS design bureaux. Unprecedented acoustic discretion, a high-performance combat system and a high-reliability propulsion system make the class an excellent nuclear deterrent. Naturally, these vessels also comply with strict nuclear safety requirements. Three Le Triomphant-class SSBNs – Le Triomphant, Le Téméraire and Le Vigilant – are currently operational with the French Navy’s strategic ocean force (FOST). The fourth and last of the class, SSBN Le Terrible, was launched at a ceremony attended by the French President on 21 March 2008 and will begin sea trials in early 2009. It will be the first to carry the new M51 ballistic missile. The other three will be modified to carry the M51 as part of major refits.

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Le Triomphant-class SSBNs Overview Le Triomphant-class SSBNs replace the earlier Le Redoutable class and their role with the Strategic Ocean Force (FOST). The Le Triomphant class’s improved performance, particularly their endurance and acoustic discretion, ensure both their survivability and effectiveness as a nuclear deterrent force. The size, sophistication, reliability and extremely high performance of Le Triomphant-class submarines place them among the most technologically advanced products currently in operation. Each one of these extraordinarily complex machines houses within its pressure hull a nuclear powerplant and most of the services one would expect to find in a small town, not to mention their primary function, namely that of an intercontinental ballistic missile launch base. The Le Triomphant-class is the result of over ten years’ R&D mobilising the resources of not only the French defence procurement agency (DGA) and DCNS, but also the French atomic energy commission (CEA) and a large number of French laboratories, university departments and industrial firms. New generation, improved survivability The SSBN deterrent principle hinges critically on the submarines’ discretion or stealth. The development and construction of the Le Triomphant class marks a disruptive change in the history of technology. In a word, these ultra-modern submarines are designed to win the ‘war of silence’, which means that they simply disappear into the ocean’s background noise. Le Triomphant-class SSBNs are the biggest submarines in the French fleet. Diving depth and underwater navigation have also been significantly improved. To achieve these new levels of acoustic discretion and diving performance, DCNS introduced design and layout innovations contributing to higher system reliability, reduced vibration, improved signal processing or improved alloys, composite and sound-proofing materials, propulsion, power electronics, hydrodynamics and shipbuilding and assembly processes. These advances have benefited not only the entire French shipbuilding industry, but also a broad swathe of French industry in general. SSBN Le Terrible, the fourth and last of the Le Triomphant class, will be the first to carry the new SAD M51 deterrent weapon system and its M51 missiles. This new capability will be accompanied by extensive changes to the boat’s engineering definition. In particular, SSBN Le Terrible features: • an extensively revamped combat system comprising the Sycobs system and the new DSM submarine detection system

(or sonar) and compatible with the F21 heavyweight torpedo • a global navigation system offering the same performance as the earlier version but costing significantly less to

purchase and maintain • an acoustic state surveillance system benefiting from lessons learnt from earlier systems • an external communications system offering improved integration with systems used by other forces • a new platform management system (nuclear powerplant, main motor, electrical plant, engine room, pilotage).

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SLBMs From mid-life refit to decommissioning, Le Redoutable-class SSBNs carried type M4 submarine-launched ballistic missile, or SLBM (French designation MSBS). The three Le Triomphant-class SSBNs currently in service carry the type M45 making it the primary weapon of the submarine component of France’s strategic nuclear force. The Le Triomphant class is, however, designed and built to accommodate type M51 missiles without major changes to the pressure hull. SSBN Le Terrible will receive type M51 weapon systems instead of the earlier type M4/M45. The M51 was developed by EADS. The range and throw weight of the type M51 missile will be significantly greater than those of types M4/M45. DCNS is the prime contractor for the development and qualification of the M51 launch system, the shipboard component of the SAD M51 deterrent weapon system. Nuclear propulsion The K15 nuclear powerplant design project was led by the French atomic energy commission (Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique, or CEA). The plant was built under the prime contractorship of DCNS and Areva TA (ex-Technicatome). Most of the key components, including the reactor vessels and steam generators, were built and assembled by DCNS. Nuclear safety involves not only the nuclear powerplant proper, but also: • radiological protection of personnel • environmental protection • nuclear safety of installations and transportation of nuclear materials • protection and control of nuclear materials • procedures in event of incidents or accidents. As nuclear safety regulations are refined, changes are made to all French nuclear-powered submarines to ensure full compliance with the latest targets. The analysis and application of lessons learnt play significant roles in this process. The powerplant is the result of many years’ work by the CEA and Areva TA’s facility at Cadarache in southern France. This integrated plant, like that developed for the French Navy’s Rubis-class nuclear-powered attack submarines, or SSNs (French designation SNA), features a number of innovations contributing to improved acoustic discretion, higher core performance, improved control mechanisms and a significantly improved human-machine interface. Technical data for SSBN Le Terrible

Length overall: 138 metres Diameter: 12.5 metres Displacement, surface: 12,640 tonnes Displacement, submerged: 14,300 tonnes Speed, submerged: > 25 knots Complement: 111 Strategic weapons: 16 type M51 SLBMs Tactical weapons for self-defence: torpedoes and type SM39 missiles Advanced industrial know-how and long history For 20 years now, the design and building of new-generation SSBNs has been overseen by the Cœlacanthe programme contracting principle (Maître d’Ouvrage du Programme Cœlacanthe), known as MOP Cœlacanthe. - MOP Cœlacanthe is the overall programme director for the entire Cœlacanthe organisation - DCNS is the full-authority prime contractor, as well as lead integrator for all SSBN equipment and systems. The SSBN Le Terrible programme involves most DCNS sites, business units and areas of expertise.

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Major milestones, SNLE-NG programme - 1986: SNLE-NG programme launched - 1987: Order placed for SNLE-NG 1 Le Triomphant - 1989: Order placed for SNLE-NG 2 Le Téméraire - 1993: Order placed for SNLE-NG 3 Le Vigilant - 1994: Le Triomphant begins official trials - 1997: Le Triomphant enters service - 1999: Le Téméraire enters service - 2000: Order placed for SNLE-NG 4 Le Terrible - 2004: Le Vigilant enters service - 2010: Le Terrible scheduled to enter service

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Designing, building, and providing support for a full range of versatile warships for crisis management is among DCNS’s core missions. DCNS surface combatants and submarines are designed to be used and operated under close political control, in unison with allied Navies inside national or international joint forces in a wide range of missions. For example, FREMM is a truly multimission frigate; the Mistral family LHDs are designed to accommodate and support a large range of landing craft, helicopters and UAVs, they are NATO certified for joint embarked HQ; SCORPENE submarines are designed to be operated in ‘blue’ or ‘brown’ waters.

o Coordinated naval response

In order to address multiple threats, DCNS offers integrated combat systems with extensive command and control capabilities. DCNS also integrates UXVs and advanced deep strike weapons.

o Endurance and availability

FREMM frigates, FM 400 frigates, GOWIND® sovereignty enforcing vessels and SCORPENE submarines are designed to maximise availability at sea and benefit from a proven reduced life cycle cost thanks to optimised crews and integrated logistic support

o Versatility and efficiency

As an example, with their extensive capabilities as hospital ships, Mistral family LHDs are perfect for humanitarian missions. Capable of carrying both military personnel and civilians, they can be reconfigured for every type of missions.

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The PA2 aircraft carrier project

With CVN Charles de Gaulle, France has a recognised, operational, proven capability for power projection, air/sea dominance and deep strike missions. DCNS has been working on definition studies for a second aircraft carrier for the French Navy since 2003. The aim is to ensure the continuous availability, to France and to Europe, of a key power projection capability at all times. In January 2005, DCNS and its partners launched a study to exploit the similarities between the British CVF (Carrier Vessel of the Future) programme and the French PA2 programme. This led DCNS to define a French version of the CVF, dubbed CVF-FR, for the PA2 requirement. In 2007, DCNS proposed to the French State a co-prime contractor industrial arrangement with Aker Yards SA for the construction of the CVF-FR design. In the second quarter of 2008, negotiations between the co-prime contractors and the French State resulted in a technical and financial agreement for the CVF-FR project. Carrier-based air power The PA2/CVF-FR carrier’s nominal mission capabilities include providing a sea base for the airborne arm of France’s nuclear deterrent force, air/sea control over a wide area and force projection against land and maritime targets. In addition, the ship must be equipped to perform these missions as the centrepiece of a French carrier group or in cooperation with allied forces. On long-range operational deployments with an air wing of 40 aircraft, the PA2 will be able to carry out up to 75 air missions per day for extended periods. The PA2 and its British near-sister ships will be the biggest warships ever built in Europe. Optimal availability To increase the French Navy’s force projection capabilities, every effort is being made to ensure that the PA2/CVF-FR offers high at-sea availability. In particular, DCNS proposes to apply lessons learnt and the improved through-life support results achieved over the last few years for French warships. Operational availability will be improved by ensuring that the ship is laid up less often and for shorter periods. Provision will also be made for easier access, handling and removal of heavy or cumbersome equipment.

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Crew first The PA2/CVF-FR is being designed for reduced crewing, specifically a complement of just 900. The ship will also accommodate an air wing of 620, a command team of up to 100 and up to 100 other passengers or crew for special missions. Every effort is being made to improve living and working conditions. Accommodation and living areas will be separated from work areas. Air power and flight deck operations Drawing on the experience acquired with the Charles de Gaulle, the PA2/CVF-FR offers both qualitative and quantitative enhancements. The ship will carry a 40-aircraft air wing comprising Rafale combat aircraft, Hawkeye surveillance aircraft and NH90 heavy helicopters. The flight deck will be fully operational up to sea state 5/6. The larger and better equipped flight deck and aircraft facilities include: - two 90-metre catapults to accelerate aircraft to over 300 kph - flight deck launch rate of one aircraft every 30 seconds, or a complete strike of 24 in about 12 minutes - air wing and flight deck facilities fully interoperable with latest naval aircraft operated by leading navies. Combat system and weapons The PA2/CVF-FR will be equipped with a highly integrated combat direction system (CDS) – the real-time portion of the combat management system (CMS) – derived directly from that under development for the FREMM programme. The sensors will include a multifunction surveillance radar, a medium-range surveillance radar, IR sensors and optronic cameras. The integrated internal and external communications suite will include radio links (HF, UHF and VHF) as well as tactical datalinks. Link 11, Link 16 and Link 22 datalinks will be used for real-time high-speed exchanges between the PA2’s combat system, Hawkeye surveillance aircraft, Rafale combat aircraft, helicopters and other naval force units. The resulting common tactical picture will enable the tactical command team to control and command all units in its area. The electronic warfare (EW) sensors include an R-ESM (Radar Electronic Support Measures) suite for radar detection and a C-ESM (Cryptologic Electronic Support Measures) suite for eavesdropping. The self-defence system will include two vertical missile launcher modules, each holding eight Aster 15 anti-air missiles, an RECM (Radar Electronic CounterMeasures) system to jam enemy radars and small-calibre guns with 360° coverage. The design can also accommodate a SLAT anti-torpedo system. Platform (conventional propulsion option) Technical data (conventional propulsion option) Length overall (flight deck): 283 m Beam overall (flight deck): 73 m Displacement (start of life): 69,500 tonnes Draft (start of life): 10.3 m Maximum speed: 26 knots Propulsion: Integrated Full Electric Propulsion (IFEP) Endurance: 45 days Hangar area: 4,700 sq.m Accommodation (total) for: 1,720 Flight deck area: 15,400 sq.m

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BPC-type force projection & command vessels (aka LHDs)

Mistral-class force projection & command vessels are the biggest ships in the French fleet after the Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier. This new class of vessel is designed to meet new and emerging military challenges. DCNS refers to them as BPCs and the French Navy as the Mistral class. The design is, however, broadly similar to what the international naval community calls a landing helicopter dock, or LHD. Missions include a key role in amphibious assault operations, crisis management, sea-based air mobility and command operations, operational transportation, medevac and cargo transportation.

Force projection and interoperability are key challenges Over the last 20 years, force projection has played a growing role on the international stage. Although these operations are sometimes undertaken by a single-nation force acting under a defence or cooperation agreement, they are more frequently the responsibility of multinational forces. Force projection operations involve not only moving people and equipment to distant locations, but also support roles, from logistics and sustainment (i.e. forwarding and distribution of fuel, munitions, spares, food and other supplies) to medical evacuation by air, sea or land. Force projection calls for air, land and sea capabilities, including amphibious assault ships and troop and materiel transports. Besides deploying landing craft, navies also need to provide increasing support for helicopter operations and command teams. Multirole ships to meet new challenges Mistral-type force projection and command vessels offer excellent facilities for a maritime command centre (MCC) or multinational joint forces command team. The Mistral/BPC concept is ideal for navies wishing to renew and strengthen their force projection and command capabilities while at the same time meeting allied interoperability objectives.

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The French Navy’s Mistral class

With a displacement of 21,000 tonnes for a length overall of 199 metres, Mistral-class vessels offer a speed of 19 knots and sufficient endurance and range for global force projection. As normally configured, a typical payload might include over 450 troops, 16 heavy helicopters, two hovercraft or four LCM landing craft and one-third of a mechanised regiment complete with armoured vehicles (1,000 tonnes). These ships feature electric propulsion using azimuth pods and high-level automation compatible with a complement of just 160. Mistral-class vessels, currently the Mistral and the Tonnerre, are bigger and more capable than the French Navy’s earlier TCD-type amphibious assault vessels. In particular, the Mistral class’s sea-based air mobility capability combined with exceptional multirole flexibility enables them to undertake a huge variety of missions. Mistral-class vessels can:

o embark materiel (i.e. vehicles, helicopters, troops, weapons, munitions, etc.), transport it to destination then provide on-site support

o prepare materiel prior to disembarkation o project embarked forces o command operations o support forces during shore-based operations o support shipboard command teams o support ship-based units (medical and paramedical staff, munitions supplies, helo air group, vehicles,

landing craft, etc.) o re-embark forces.

To undertake these missions efficiently, the Mistral class called for capabilities far exceeding those of the earlier Foudre and Siroco classes. Key improvements include:

o capacity for 10 to 16 combat helicopters, depending on mix of types o improved interoperability with allied forces, particularly allied landing craft, helicopters and

communications equipment o powerful, interoperable command systems and facilities o increased payload for vehicles and munitions (60 armoured and logistic vehicles) o optimised management of embarkation and disembarkation operations.

o In the force projection role, Mistral-class vessels typically deploy both landing craft and helicopters. o The 5,200-sq.m flight deck offers six helo spots: five NH90/Tiger-class helicopters and one for a Super Stallion-class

heavy-lift helicopter. The 1,800-sq.m below-deck hangar, served by two lifts, provides storage and maintenance space for 16 helicopters.

o Each ship also carries four LCM landing craft or two LCACs while each 95-tonne LCAC air-cushion landing craft can

carry several armoured vehicles and infantry carriers, all stored in transit on a 2,650-sq.m deck. The class also offers ample capacity as a hospital ship or for humanitarian evacuation missions. The 750-sq.m hospital comprises 20 separate areas, including two operating theatres, an X-ray room and a 19-bed ward. Hospital capacity can be further expanded by adding field hospital modules. The helicopter hangar can even be converted into a fully-equipped 69-bed field hospital. For humanitarian evacuation missions, these vessels can be reconfigured to provide temporary accommodation for over 750 people.

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High-performance communications suite The Mistral family’s advanced communications suite offers high performance. It combines internal communications and all forms of external communications, including radio, satellite links, internet, videoconferencing and tactical datalinks. Access to shipboard spaces is controlled by an access control system while the flight deck, well deck and other restricted areas are monitored by closed-circuit video surveillance systems. In addition to the flight operations system and various planning and intelligence analysis systems, Mistral-family vessels can be equipped with information systems and command aids tailored to the needs of the relevant command team. The vessels have been designed from the outset to allow chiefs of staff to command joint, allied and multinational forces from locations outside their respective countries. The high-performance communications suite included in the basic design makes BPC-type vessels ideal command vessel.

Mistral 140, 160 and 250 LHDs

DCNS designed the 21,000-tonne Mistral-class vessels to the French Navy’s requirements. In response to emerging operational needs identified by other navies, DCNS proposes the Mistral 140, 160 and 250 landing helicopter docks (LHDs) with displacements of 14,000, 16,000 and 25,000 tonnes, respectively. All are based on the same general layout as the Mistral class.

All feature a ‘flush-deck’ architecture (i.e. unobstructed flight deck), several helicopter spots and excellent payload capacity. All include hospitals with two operating theatres while the troop habitability compartments can outfitted to each navy’s own standards. The forward sections are similar in both layout and shipbuilding terms to commercial ships while the aft sections are more military and naval. Other propulsion arrangements can also be envisaged, all ensuring excellent manoeuvrability.

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All Mistral 140, 160 and 250 vessels include a high-performance combat system comprising: - An integrated navigation system indicating the ship’s attitude, position, heading, speed and so forth, the innovative new

Senin electronic chart system which simplifies navigation and improves navigation safety and a combat management system (CMS) controlling all weapon systems, including the close-in self-defence system.

- The ship’s two navigation and precision approach radars and the 3D surveillance radar double as the CMS’s main

sensors. As the names suggest, the navigation and precision approach radars are used both for navigation and to guide helicopters during final approach, while the 3D surveillance radar monitors the neighbouring air space and surface. The CMS, a derivative of the DCNS-designed Senit® 8 family developed for the Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier, enables duty officers to analyse and respond to the tactical situation and control helicopter movements in real time.

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To defend their vital interests, countries need state-of-the-art naval forces including submarines and surface combatants

equipped with fully integrated communications and combat systems.

To allow submarines, surface combatants and naval air wings to work together, DCNS Blue Water solutions use an open

architecture so that they can be readily tailored to any platform. Frigates (FREMM, FM 400), corvettes (GOWIND) and conventional submarines (SCORPENE) equipped with integrated combat systems can play a decisive role in joint and allied


o Surface combatants with multimission capabilities offer the flexibility to counter multiple threats. Warships are valuable assets that call for effective protection. This is why DCNS provides integrated combat systems capable of providing the appropriate response when and where necessary.

o Full anti-submarine warfare (ASW) suites to protect territorial waters. To deter submarines from entering a

country’s territorial waters, DCNS equips its new-generation surface combatants with effective, integrated ASW combat systems.

o Long-range targeted land strikes from a prepositioned sea-based command centre. Sea-based operations: DCNS

transforms the chain of expertise to ensure the success of complex operations.

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Horizon high-tech air defence frigates

With a displacement of 7,000 tonnes for a length overall of 153 metres and a beam of 20.3 metres, Horizon-type air defence frigates are among the most strategically significant in the French fleet. The combat system’s outstanding firepower and all-round capabilities are tailored to the Horizon’s air defence missions. The type is designed for a range of missions, including high-intensity operations, all with reduced crewing. Key asset for naval air arm Horizon frigates are front-line fighting ships with one highly specialised mission: anti-air warfare, also known as air defence. The ships’ chief capabilities are thus airspace control over areas of operations, air defence command and control and anti-air cover for carrier groups and convoys. Horizon frigates provide protection against high-intensity threats and attacks by anti-ship missiles. They also contribute to air/sea control during military operations by providing air defence command and control for allied forces. They can also participate in public service missions. Reduced crewing, optimised working conditions

These highly automated vessels require a complement of 190, just half as many as current-generation warships offering comparable capabilities. To optimise crew workloads, key tasks, including navigation, conning and communications, are performed directly on multifunction consoles allowing for the real-time reallocation of both tasks and operators. Working conditions are another prime focus. The automatic control systems for platform and combat system management have been developed to ensure fast efficient crew response to accidents, incidents and changes in the ship’s tactical situation. The integrated bridge features consoles for navigation, conning and communications. It also allows operators to manage and control all platform systems, monitor safety and security and coordinate these with any operations in hand. Platform management functions are automated to a level enabling operators to focus on ship control and navigation on the one hand and operations on the other.

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Survivability and seakeeping The seakeeping, turning stability and other nautical qualities of the hull form have been amply demonstrated. The first sea trials by the first-of-class Forbin, in 2006, confirmed its excellent nautical qualities and manoeuvrability. The ship also reached a top speed in excess of 30 knots. Overall, the platform is extremely comfortable with low levels of vibration and noise even at high speed. The basic architecture – based on that of the La Fayette class and featuring an inboard service passageway and a projectile-resistant operations room and bridge – offers good protection against projectiles. A range of stealth features significantly reduce the ship’s radar cross-section despite its large size. Cutting-edge technologies

The main mission of Horizon frigates – real-time defence against aircraft and missiles, including sea-skimming and supersonic types over an area 70 km in radius and an impenetrable protective ‘bubble’ over an area 300 km (200 nm) in radius around the naval force under its guard – demands high-performance sensors, countermeasures and missiles coordinated by a combat management system (CMS) designed to process and correlate a vast array of incoming data. Propulsion

The Horizon type’s CODOG (combined diesel or gas turbine) propulsion system comprises two LM 2500 gas turbines rated at 31,000 HP (22 MW) driving two shaftlines and offering a maximum speed in excess of 30 knots while the two diesel engines, rated at 4,575 HP (2 MW), offer a cruising speed of 18 knots.

Combat system and weapons

The combat system is designed around the PAAMS (Principal Anti-Air Missile System) system developed in cooperation with Italy and the United Kingdom. This system represents a major step forward in its own right. The PAAMS configuration comprises 48 Aster 15 and 30 anti-air missiles by MBDA stored in DCNS-designed SYLVER® vertical launchers, an Empar multifunction radar for 3D surveillance and fire control by Finmeccanica and an S1850M 3D long-range radar with a range of 200 nm. The system is supplemented by a highly sophisticated electronic warfare suite. The combat system also includes an anti-submarine warfare self-defence system (comprising a hull-mounted sonar, MU90 lightweight torpedoes and an anti-torpedo system) and an anti-surface system comprising eight MM40 block3 missiles and two 76-mm guns. The combat system is controlled by a CMS developed jointly by DCNS and Finmeccanica through the EuroSysnav consortium.

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Innovative industrial organisation

Franco-Italian design

Although the initial concept goes back to tripartite studies launched by France, Italy and the United Kingdom in 1992, the project was relaunched as a Franco-Italian cooperation programme. In October 2000, the overall prime contract was awarded to Horizon SAS, a joint venture by DCNS and Fincantieri/Finmeccanica subsidiary Orizzonte Sistemi Navali. The programme called for four frigates – two for the Italian Navy and two for the French Navy – along with the associated logistics. DCNS is responsible for the design and construction of the French ships and Fincantieri for the design and construction of the Italian ships. The combat system prime contract was awarded to DCNS/Finmeccanica joint venture EuroSysnav. This is the first time two countries have set up a cooperation programme to build such highly sophisticated warships with no less than 90% commonality. The cooperation covers not only the platforms, but also most of the shipboard systems, including the PAAMS anti-air system, the SLAT anti-torpedo system and the MU90 torpedo developed by France and Italy. The Horizon programme has set a new standard in cooperation between French and Italian naval contractors. The move towards closer cooperation was confirmed when the French and Italian ministers for defence launched the Franco-Italian FREMM multimission frigate programme.

Concentrated expertise, better warships

DCNS was heavily involved in the development and shipbuilding phases of the Horizon cooperation programme and indeed all other phases. The design work, in cooperation with Fincantieri, was done by DCNS’s Engineering division. DCNS also supplied reduction gears, SYLVER® vertical missile launchers, IPMS integrated platform management systems and SAMAHÉ® helicopter traversing systems for all four Italian and French Horizon frigates. The two French frigates were built and assembled at the Group’s Lorient shipyard following significant investment to improve material storage and production facilities. The combat systems were developed and produced in partnership with Finmeccanica under the contractual responsibility of EuroSysnav. The combat systems were integrated and tested in Toulon under the responsibility of Lorient-based DCNS teams who travelled to Toulon as and when necessary. The Group-wide adoption of networked CAD systems significantly reduced the time spent building mockups and radically reduced reworking to overcome anomalies observed during the assembly phase.

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Technical data

Length / beam overall: 153 m / 20.3 m Displacement / full load: 6,500 tonnes / 7,300 tonnes Accommodation: 210 (complement of 190 + 20 passengers) Range: 7,000 nm at 18 knots Maximum speed: 29 knots Equipment: LRR long-range radar

Empar fire control radar IR and optical imaging sensors Electronic warfare suite (detection of radars and communications transmitters, electronic countermeasures, including jammers and decoys) Aster 15 and 30 anti-air missiles Exocet MM40 anti-ship missiles / 76-mm guns MU90 torpedoes / SLAT anti-torpedo system NH90 helicopter

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FREMM multimission frigates

FREMM, Europe’s biggest naval programme ever Frigates for tomorrow’s missions Reduced crewing, optimised working conditions, simplified and easy maintenance, ever higher performance combat capabilities and interoperability plus compliance with environmental requirements are among the emerging needs of the world’s navies. They are also among the requirements taken into account by the FREMM multimission frigate programme. DCNS has been applying the full spectrum of its expertise and resources to the FREMM programme since it got under way in 2002. These vessels will meet the current and emerging needs of the two client navies. Truly multimission frigates The multimission FREMM design is being tailored to meet the French Navy’s needs for anti-submarine and land-attack frigates. The land-attack version is known as the AVT, for action vers la terre. Both versions are also designed for ‘shared missions’. The shared missions include ASW and air/sea control, escort duties and maritime traffic control along with deep-strike operations, prepositioning, surveillance and public service missions. The ASW mission involves the detection, tracking and, where necessary, destruction of enemy submarines. The AVT mission involves the detection and neutralisation of land targets. Both versions will carry Scalp cruise missiles for the deep-strike mission. The AVT version will also be equipped to deploy special forces.

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Modern, flexible, modular design The overriding guidelines governing the FREMM design process focus on the ability to accommodate an upgradeable high-performance combat system, compatibility with reduced crewing and concentrated command and control systems. At the same time, the vessels must offer significant growth margins, good endurance and ease of maintenance, the key to improved operational availability. The combat system architecture is being designed, from the outset, around a high-speed data network and a system-level solution that is fully compliant with all programme requirements. To optimise overall performance, data from all sensors is correlated and displayed by the CMS. Other key design process concepts include network redundancy, a real-time-reconfigurable CMS, upgradeability and through-life support optimisation. FREMM frigates are designed for ease of equipment access and maintenance. In addition to the usual facilities for personnel, the design includes special access doors and paths for quayside maintenance. Other naval architecture features include wide passageways, dedicated maintenance access doors and special provisions for equipment removal. All of these features are specified as part of broad guidelines to reduce the time required to complete maintenance operations and to optimise at-sea availability for the customer’s benefit. To optimise platform dimensions, great attention has been paid to the provision of ample space for future growth and an optimum cost/density ratio. This approach has significant impact on the ship’s overall layout, including increased headroom between decks, deeper and longer engine compartments, larger equipment pathways for maintenance and generous margins for all areas and cubic capacities for liquids. Reduced crewing, optimised working conditions These highly automated new-generation frigates require just half the crew numbers of current-generation vessels with comparable capabilities. Crew activities are a prime focus of the FREMM design process. Recognising that crew performance depends critically on well-being, design solutions have been adopted to improve living and working conditions by optimising workloads and providing space and facilities for off-duty rest and recovery. To improve navigation, conning, platform management and combat system management, considerable attention is being paid to operator working conditions. In particular, automatic control systems have been developed to enable operators to respond quickly and efficiently to accidents, incidents and changes in the ship’s tactical situation. The integrated bridge has consoles for all essential operations, not least navigation, conning and communications. Under normal circumstances, the bridge has full centralised control over all platform systems along with displays to monitor safety and security and coordinate operations in hand. Platform management functions are automated to a level enabling operators to focus on ship control and navigation on the one hand and operations on the other. To optimise data processing, bridge operators work on multifunction consoles. This is a big step towards the complete elimination of dedicated consoles since it allows for the real-time reallocation of operator tasks.

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Technologies and innovations The FREMM multimission frigates combine the latest technologies developed by the DCNS Group with lessons learnt from earlier frigate classes and the French Navy’s vast experience in through-life support. These technological and engineering advances will make the FREMM frigates world leaders in their class. The thoroughly multimission FREMM concept is also ideally suited to a world stage subject to constant change. Hybrid propulsion system The propulsion system features two shaftlines. In silent mode (i.e. up to 15 knots), the shaftlines and fixed-pitch propellers are driven by electric motors. This ensures the acoustic discretion required for ASW operations. In high-speed mode, the shaftlines are driven by the gas turbine. An azimuth thruster ensures safe quayside and harbour manoeuvring as well as emergency propulsion in the event of damage to the main propulsion systems. Communication systems to international standards The external communications systems are based on NATO standards and tailored to the ship’s command needs. For full interoperability with NATO forces, the frigates will carry L11, L16, L22 and JSAT tactical datalinks. Internal communication services include messaging (interfacing with external messaging systems); internal/external conventional and wireless telephony (telephones, fax, videoconference circuits); broadcast and public address (PA) for orders and warnings; displays; closed-circuit video; internet and intranet connections (via external communication systems); emergency communications and remote briefing system with ship’s helicopter; monitoring and management of access to selected areas and applications. High-performance sensors For the ship’s self-defence and extended group defence, the multifunction radar performs both medium-range anti-air surveillance and missile fire control. In addition to detecting aircraft and missiles, the multifunction radar interfaces with Aster missiles to provide an anti-air capability with mid-course guidance. The FREMM’s surface sensor suite features two navigation radars; one for ship navigation, the other to control helicopter approaches, landings and take-offs. The second navigation radar is controlled from a multifunction console. The standard fit for both the ASW and AVT versions includes an active hull-mounted sonar and a torpedo warning system. The ASW version will also carry an active very-low-frequency (VLF) towed array. Weapons The French FREMM frigates will carry Exocet anti-ship missiles and Aster 15 anti-air missiles (from MBDA) for self-defence. They will also be able to carry Scalp Naval cruise missiles, also from MBDA. The Exocet anti-ship missiles are controlled by a Mer-Mer 40 weapon control system via a CMS multifunction console.

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The medium-calibre gun is a 76/62 SR from Otomelara, the biggest selling type in its category and already in service with many navies. This weapon offers a performance-efficiency tradeoff in line with the FREMM’s needs. The gun interfaces with an optronic fire control system and can be controlled via a CMS multifunction console or in local mode from the bridge under the control of the visual weapons director. Four deck-mounted 12.7-mm machine guns are provided for defence against close-in targets. The standard-fit AVT version will be fitted out for, but not equipped with, a tactical unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and a 127-mm gun. This version will also be able to control medium- and high-altitude, long-endurance (MALE and HALE) unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) launched by other units. Technical data Length overall: 142 m Beam: 20 m Displacement: 6,000 tonnes (approx.) Max. speed: 27 knots Complement: 108

FREMM, a major industrial challenge European cooperation For many years now, economic synergies have been among the main aims of industrial and engineering cooperation projects by DCNS and its international partners. For the FREMM programme, DCNS and Fincantieri have cooperated on all design phases and the joint purchase of a range of major systems and items of equipment. Shipbuilding on an industrial scale The contract for the French FREMM frigates calls represents both an innovation and an industrial challenge for DCNS. This volume of shipbuilding represents an enormous workload for DCNS and its shipyards. Some of the work may be contracted out to shipyards outside the DCNS Group. The FREMM design was developed from the outset for flexible shipbuilding with a view to the simultaneous optimisation of costs, build time and performance. The FREMM programme involves virtually all DCNS business units and areas of expertise at key shipyards and facilities including Lorient, Toulon le Mourillon (CMS), Nantes Indret (propulsion), Ruelle-Angoulême (equipment) and Brest. To ensure timely product delivery and compliance with the relevant quality standards, the DCNS Group has invested heavily in improved design and production facilities. DCNS has invested heavily to upgrade its Lorient shipyard. The pre-outfitting facility has been extended and hull workshops modernised to reduce turnaround times and costs for hull work. The batch of FREMM frigates on order is large enough to enable DCNS to define an industrial organisation tailored to the continuous improvement of the Group’s project coordination methods and project management tools and to introduce further innovations in bid management and supplier-contractor relations. Partnerships have been set up for the design study phase. In addition to giving DCNS access to proven expertise, these partnerships give the shipbuilding partners a clear indication of their future workloads. The programme also benefits from all DCNS actions to date to improve industrial productivity in such areas as methods, project management and purchasing.

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The FM 400 is a new compact and flexible frigate derived from the FREMM with a full range of specialized versions.

In designing the FM 400, DCNS drew on a long line of stealth vessels that began with the famous La Fayette and now includes the FREMM frigates. Like its predecessors, the FM 400 offers multi-role capabilities tailored to the needs of a wide range of navies. The general-purpose FM 400 is a very capable vessel. It is fully equipped to handle most crisis scenarios whether far out to sea or closer to land, including asymmetric threats in littoral waters. The multi-role FM 400 is equipped to work with other naval units. Its weapons include a medium-calibre gun, remotely controlled machine guns for close-in defence, anti-ship missiles and vertically launched anti-air missiles. Specialised variants are also proposed with enhanced capabilities in one warfare domain:

o Anti-submarine (ASW) version with a complete sonar suite including hull mounted, towed array and heliborne sonars, as well as ship and heliborne torpedoes

o Land attack (LA) version with a larger calibre gun for shore fire support as well as large fast boats to carry special

forces and UAVs for reconnaissance and target designation missions

o Anti-air warfare (AAW) version with long-range sensors, more VLS cells for anti-air missiles and a full electronic warfare suite.

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The FM 400 is designed and built to naval standards. In line with DCNS’s customer-oriented approach, this ensures that the design meets naval requirements regarding signatures (radar, infrared, acoustic, magnetic) and survivability (shock resistance, capacity to withstand underwater explosions and other military threats). The FM 400 is also designed with its crew’s living and working conditions in mind. Both life at sea and operational efficiency benefit directly from the optimised arrangement of the different living spaces. The DCNS-designed integrated mast offers 360° coverage for all sensors while the 360° visibility offered by the bridge and its integrated wings are ideal when facing asymmetric threats. The FM 400 benefits from DCNS’s latest generation combat management system which is both modular and easily configured. Other key features include:

o flight deck and facilities for a helicopter or UAVs can be tailored to specific mission requirements o large covered aft deck can accommodate several boats and/or unmanned surface vehicles (launched and

recovered in all weather via stern ramp) and/or a towed array sonar, depending on variant o docking area to link mission containers or modules (e.g. temporary command centre or unmanned vehicle control

station) with the ship’s networks and utilities o flexible propulsion system optimised for mission and fuel efficiency and readily tailored to the customer’s specific

needs. Main characteristics: displacement: 4,000 tonnes; length overall: 126 m; beam overall: 17.5 m; max. draft: 4.5 m; accommodation (crew + passengers): 130; speed: 25 to 29 knots, depending on propulsion arrangement; range: up to 7,500 nm at 15 knots.

AAW Land attack ASW

General Purpose

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Scorpene, an international benchmark in SSK design

International standing confirmed With ten units delivered or on order, SCORPENE is a benchmark for conventional-propulsion submarine (SSK) fleets the world over. DCNS has completed its contract with Chile. The two boats – Carrera and O’Higgins – are now operational and homeported at Talcahuano. Their performance during international exercises demonstrated the design’s remarkable qualities and the considerable expertise of DCNS and Navantia. The two SCORPENEs ordered by Malaysia are approaching completion. The first has almost completed its sea trials and will be delivered to the customer in early 2009 while the second was launched recently by the Cartagena shipyard in Spain and will commence sea trials shortly. An order for six SCORPENEs was placed by the Indian Navy in October 2005. The first is scheduled for delivery in 2014 with the others to follow at a rate of one per year. The SCORPENE gives DCNS an excellent baseline for meeting a wide range of needs, hence the operational requirements of all navies, while combining advanced technologies, competitive pricing and low cost of ownership. General description and missions The SCORPENE is a conventional propulsion submarine (i.e. diesel-electric or diesel-electric + AIP) designed for all types of missions, including anti-surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare, deep strike, special operations and intelligence gathering. The air-independent propulsion (AIP) module can be added as a new-build option or during a refit. The basic design incorporates innovations developed for the French Navy’s submarine programmes resulting in a clear break compared to the operational performance of its competitors. The SCORPENE is agile and quiet and its sensors remain effective at all speeds. The design thus combines advanced technologies and the highest performance currently available on the world market for conventional submarines. To optimise acoustic discretion, all vibrating equipment is isolated from the hull using double-suspended cradles, a principle adopted for the French Navy’s latest nuclear-powered submarines.

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Advanced-technology SSK Modular design The SCORPENE design concept, a technological challenge in its own right, was developed successfully by DCNS. The Group based the programme on proven design and construction strategies, including modular shipbuilding and technologies based directly on long experience with nuclear-powered designs. This pedigree has resulted in exceptional qualities, including: greater maximum diving depth (without restriction to the hull lifetime), impressive submerged endurance, low observables, an especially low acoustic signature, highly automated and highly integrated platform and combat management systems, and high availability and low cost of ownership thanks to extended intervals between overhauls. Other features contributing to the SCORPENE’s thoroughly 21st-century design include the high-performance propulsion system (Magtronic permanent-magnet motors) and electrical plant, the advanced combat system and the ready integration of the MESMA AIP system. Clean lines mean smooth flow and minimal flow noise, hence minimal impact on the acoustic signature and minimal interference with the boat’s own sensors. An efficient hull also means less drag when submerged, hence increased endurance at higher speeds. The SCORPENE is fast and quiet. The electrical plant includes the main batteries, the sole source of power when submerged, and powerful diesel generators to recharge the batteries in minimum time at snorkelling depth, thereby reducing the risk of detection. With the MESMA AIP, submerged endurance is increased to three weeks or more… making the SCORPENE the clear market leader. The safety/diving system, the life support systems and crew amenities are designed for a complement of 30 and patrols lasting up to two months in a comfortable though admittedly confined space. The SCORPENE’s highly automated systems are designed for reduced crewing and to allow operators to concentrate on navigation and the analysis of tactical data displayed on the integrated combat system’s six multifunction consoles. The SCORPENE is also equipped with a full range of secure communications systems. The SCORPENE’s modular design can be readily tailored to the customer’s specific mission profiles and other requirements. In particular, it can accommodate two or four diesel generators, a cofferdam, lifeboats and a trailing-wire antenna.

Combat system and weapons The Subtics® (Submarine Tactical Integrated Combat System) combat system’s chief operational benefit is its extremely long range detection and weapon systems. Drawing on over 20 years’ experience in submarine CMS design, Subtics® offers an optimal operational trade-off between automation using state-of-the-art algorithms and the practical benefits of interactive tools. This gives operators and their officers full control over all available data and a level of situational awareness enabling them to take split-second decisions and conduct combat actions very efficiently indeed. Subtics® also contributes to improved teamwork between the submarine and cooperating surface and airborne units by exchanging sensor data via tactical datalinks. Subtics® uses the latest multimedia technologies to give operators optimal control over the entire combat system. The ‘operational roles & tasks’ concept behind the human-machine interface (HMI) significantly increases operator efficiency. It also improves overall operational flexibility and efficiency by allowing for operator/task allocation according to platform management and mission needs. The HMI can also be tailored to the organisational needs of each client navy and its crews. The extensive use of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) software and hardware based on the latest industry standards ensures high system availability and easy maintenance. Thanks to its open, modular and flexible architecture, Subtics® can be readily tailored to the customer’s needs. Subtics® CMSs are also designed to interface with all modern weapons and countermeasures.

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The SCORPENE’s weapons payload of 18 tube-launched weapons (heavyweight torpedoes, missiles, etc.), makes it the most heavily armed SSK in its displacement category. The SCORPENE features six launch tubes and a sophisticated weapons handling system allowing the crew to load any weapon into any tube quickly and quietly. Technical data Length overall: 66 to 76 m Diameter: 6.2 m Displacement, submerged: 1,790 to 2,010 tonnes Diving depth: > 350 m Max. speed, submerged: > 20 knots Endurance, patrol: up to 70 days Complement: 31 Armament: 6 launch tubes, 18 heavyweight weapons State-of-the-art production methods Industrial organisation The SCORPENE submarine was designed by DCNS and developed jointly by DCNS and Spanish naval shipbuilder Navantia. Chile and Malaysia, the first two customers, ordered two boats each. For these tow contracts, each boat is built partly in France and partly in Spain according to the same industrial process. DCNS’s Cherbourg shipyard fabricates all four pressure hull sections and sends the aft sections (two sections = one half) to Cartagena where Navantia fits them out. Meanwhile, Cherbourg fits out the forward sections. The aft half of the first boat of each series is sent to Cherbourg to be mated with the forward half, followed by final outfitting and preparation for sea trials. Similarly, the forward half of the second boat of each pair is sent to Cartagena to be mated with the aft half, followed by final outfitting and preparation for sea trials. The six SCORPENEs ordered by the Indian Navy are being built entirely in India by Mumbai-based Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL). The first cut for the first of the series took place on 15 December 2006. Thanks to a major technology transfer, hull fabrication and assembly, equipment integration and outfitting are all being undertaken using methods developed by DCNS and Navantia in Europe. DCNS prime contractor The SCORPENE programme involves most DCNS sites and business units and all areas of expertise.

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Barracuda nuclear-powered attack submarine

Barracuda nuclear-powered attack submarines (SSNs) will form a key component of the French Navy’s force projection assets. This powerhouse of technology leverages DCNS’s vast expertise in submarine design, development and construction. As one of the very few European prime contractors with the expertise, resources and industrial infrastructure to undertake shipbuilding projects of this complexity, DCNS is drawing on 50 years’ experience as a designer and builder of nuclear-powered submarines to develop a new-generation SSN combining the latest advances in acoustic discretion and nuclear propulsion. The Barracuda will feature extremely low observables and vulnerability to all types of surface and underwater threats. SSNs, a component of the French deterrent force The Barracuda will give the French Navy the means to dominate the maritime battlespace and project power. SSN missions include the ‘strategy of prevention’ (i.e. control of the maritime domain and area surveillance and/or interdiction), power projection backed by a deep-strike cruise missile capability – a new capability for the French Navy – naval force protection, including escort missions with the CVN Charles de Gaulle carrier group, and SSBN security. The Barracuda’s mission capabilities will range from intelligence gathering to special operations (by deploying commandoes and combat swimmers), mine laying, anti-surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare and land strikes, plus participation in joint operations wherever its interoperability and associated capabilities (discrete communications, tactical datalinks, etc.) are required. Compared to its predecessors, the Barracuda offers a higher ‘acoustic speed’ (i.e. maximum speed at which self-radiated noise is compatible with reliable detection of other submarines) combined with excellent agility and discretion. The design’s stealth will enable it to advance to and withdraw from advantageous firing positions without risk of detection. The Barracuda also offers ample payload capacity for a range of weapons, including naval cruise missiles. Availability The interval between major refits – known as refuelling and complex overhauls (RCOHs) – has been extended to ten years, with just one intermediate maintenance period per year. The Barracuda is being designed for a nominal at-sea availability of 240 days/year. Drawing on lessons learnt in the course of the design, development and through-life support of current-generation SSNs, DCNS is incorporating improved maintainability into the Barracuda design process from the outset. The Barracuda is also being designed for continual upgrades and engineering changes throughout its lifecycle.

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Reduced crewing Barracuda submarines will carry a complement of 60, compared with 70 for the Améthyste version of the current Rubis-class SSNs. Thanks to an innovative data network, platform management will be highly automated. In particular, the aft section (nuclear powerplant and propulsion system) will be unmanned, which is to say that under normal circumstances it will be controlled entirely from the forward section. The design also takes full account of human factors and occupational safety and health requirements both at sea and during maintenance. Environmental protection is being taken into account from the outset and throughout all phases of design, construction, operation and decommissioning. A new-generation SSN The Barracuda will be smaller than other SSNs currently under development by Western powers – specifically the US Navy’s Virginia class and the Royal Navy’s Astute class. The design will also incorporate the latest advances adopted for France’s Le Triomphant-class SSBNs and SCORPENE-type SSKs. The aim is to design a coherent product meeting the Navy’s ‘strict minimum’ needs (i.e. meeting but not exceeding requirements). The design will thus be homogeneous and offer excellent all-round performance. Technical data Displacement, surface: 4,765 tonnes Length overall: 99 m Speed: > 25 knots Nuclear powerplant: derivative of K15 plant powering Le Triomphant-class SSBNs Propulsion: hybrid steam-electric Weapons: naval cruise missiles, F21 heavyweight torpedoes, SM39 anti-ship missiles, mines, etc. Accommodation: 60 crew + 15 passengers Combat system and weapons The Barracuda will be equipped with a new-generation Sycobs integrated combat management system (CMS) and the new DSM submarine detection system, Sycobs being common to the Barracuda and the latest Le Triomphant-class SSBN. The option of submitting the entire combat system for NATO certification is under consideration. The weapons area is being designed to the ATEX standard to accommodate a range of weapons, including MDCN naval cruise missiles, under optimal safety conditions. The weapons store will accommodate a large number of weapons. The Barracuda will be the first French submarine to use non-penetrating optronic masts and periscopes instead of conventional hull-penetrating types, thereby giving the naval architects greater freedom in positioning the sail relative to the pressure hull. Hybrid steam-electric propulsion The hybrid steam-electric propulsion ensures optimal efficiency at all speeds thus significantly extending the nuclear reactor’s lifetime.

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Safety A preliminary safety report was compiled and reviewed before the decision was taken to proceed with the design phase. This report’s safety targets are more ambitious than those adopted for earlier nuclear-powered vessels. With a view to continuous improvement, the report also recommends a new methodology including more demanding demonstration requirements. High priority has been given to using civil standards and to meeting the associated certification requirements in all areas. These innovations will make the Barracuda safe and fully compliant with the latest standards, thereby freeing it of operational restrictions and enabling it to operate under extreme conditions. Industrial organisation All DCNS sites are contributing to the Barracuda programme. Several DCNS shipyards and industrial plants are contributing to the construction phase. Activities include development, industrial engineering and logistic support plus the production of six SSNs and the associated through-life support. Current planning calls for a production rate of one submarine every two years. Co-contractorship To help ensure that the programme meets all scheduling, cost and quality requirements, the contracting principal’s side will be handled jointly by the French defence procurement agency (DGA) and the CEA (Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique), or French Atomic Energy Commission. On the prime contractor’s side, DCNS and Areva TA (ex-Technicatome) will act as co-contractors by setting up a DCNS-led project consortium with the legal status under French law of a GME (groupement momentané d’entreprises). DCNS will act as prime contractor for the integrated warship as well as leader of the DCNS/Areva TA co-contractors’ consortium. DCNS will also assume responsibility as the overall architect (responsible for the boat’s overall performance and safety), coordinator of nuclear safety studies, prime contractor for systems (platform, propulsion, combat system and support) and prime contractor for integrated warship through-life support. Areva TA will act as prime contractor for the nuclear reactor compartment. DCNS-Areva TA, a separate GME, will act as prime contractor for reactor compartment through-life support. DCNS as warship prime contractor As warship prime contractor, DCNS is responsible for the Barracuda’s many external interfaces. These include the interfaces with:

- port infrastructure during both construction and maintenance (Cherbourg, Brest and Toulon) - weapons prime contractors, including interfaces with the F21 heavyweight torpedo, naval cruise missiles, anti-ship

missiles and FG29 mines - command information systems, including interfaces with Syracuse, Rifan, Muse, PR4G, OMAR HF, SIC 21,

Prisme, Senin and Cassis systems - NATO Submarine Rescue System (NSRS).

As the prime contractor with overall responsibility for integration, DCNS traditionally calls on a wide range of suppliers to contribute to the design and construction of its warships. For the Barracuda programme, DCNS has prepared a submarine procurement plan that is open to both new suppliers and new engineering solutions. This plan is based on a new industrial logic attributing new responsibilities to contractors on the basis of broadly scoped contracts and engineering responsibilities from design concept to sea trials. Stronger, closer ties have already been established with over 100 major suppliers tasked with optimising project price-performance-risk tradeoffs while ensuring optimum quality.

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Major milestones The Barracuda programme will comprise five main phases:

- feasibility phase - definition phase - development, qualification and industrial engineering phase covered by the production-to-deployment stage (SRU)

contract - production phase for submarines and associated logistics - deployment phase, including through-life support.

The total construction time for each submarine will be 120 months. Production considerations dictated the adoption of a modular construction methodology with each section being outfitted to an advanced stage before the sections are mated. Barracuda gets official go-ahead The Barracuda programme calls for the delivery of six nuclear-powered attack submarines (SSNs) at an optimised production rate. DCNS cut the first plate for the first-of-class Le Suffren at its Cherbourg shipyard on 19 December 2007. SSN Le Suffren is scheduled to enter service in 2017 after 120 months’ work. The Barracuda is one of the most important programmes for the renewal of France’s naval forces.

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Not only does DCNS design naval ships adapted to the coastal environment, as a prime contractor we also offer global, integrated and interoperable security solutions and long-term partnerships. Thanks to our experience in integrating all kinds of systems, DCNS’s global solutions for homeland security are tailored to the specific needs of each customer. All the different members of a naval force can communicate with one another and with allied forces thanks to innovative solutions designed by DCNS in compliance with recognised NATO standards.

o Coastal preparedness to prevent potential crises and provide fast and efficient assistance with appropriate


The coastline must be monitored at all times by a multimission fleet. Equipped with integrated communications systems, DCNS vessels are in constant liaison with the Command Centre.

o Actions to counter illegal activities

Advanced detection systems are necessary to combat all types of trafficking. Models of discretion, ANDRASTA and SCORPENE submarines use sensors, infrared cameras and listening equipment to identify any suspect activities.

o National defence capability to protect critical infrastructures

To protect offshore infrastructures and interest, DCNS designs and builds warships that boast a wealth of innovations, capable of detecting intruders from land, sea and air. Boasting devastating military capacity, they can clear mines from coastal regions.

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The Gowind Family: simple and efficient ships for sovereignty enforcing

DCNS has enlarged the GOWIND family with a range of ocean-capable vessels designed to provide navies with an up-to-date tool to fulfil all the emerging missions ranging from anti-piracy to sea control and denial: combat, counter-terrorism, drug interdiction and anti-smuggling operations, oil and gas platform protection, search and rescue, fisheries protection, environmental protection, humanitarian support.

The GOWIND family offers a range of affordable, configurable, huge payload capable, highly available and sea-worthy vessels which share the following key features:

o Ship and systems easy to operate and to maintain; o Unmatched action at sea and special forces operation capability with a quick launch and recovery system at stern

for two RHIBs or USVs; o Helicopter and UAV operation capability; o 360° panoramic vision from the bridge for asymmetric threat and sea surveillance; o Gradual, remotely operated, day and night capable response to asymmetric threat; o SATCOM and communication with maritime surveillance networks.

Combat system can be suited according to customer requirements ranging from security up to combat level needs.

The typical members of the family are the following:

o GOWIND Control for patrolling and sovereignty enforcing in littoral and EEZ areas including special forces and commando fast deployment;

o GOWIND Presence for mastering of high seas with a sustained capacity for long-range intervention and long period at sea, including helicopter hangar;

o GOWIND Action for operating a full set of anti-air and anti-surface sensors and effectors with an efficient, robust and high enduring mission system including interoperability capability;

o GOWIND Combat for operating a full-scale mission system for multi-threat response including a full ASW suite with towed array sonar, and with improved stealth and survivability.

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GOWIND family vessels are sea-proven type steel mono-hull with length ranging from 85 to 105 m and displacement from 1,000 to 2,500 tonnes. According to the size and to the customer requirements, the ship can accommodate 50 to 75 persons (crew and passengers) and reach a maximum speed from 22 to 27 knots.

DCNS has developed the GOWIND family vessels with proven-ships’ engineering know-how for integrated platforms and systems, as well as operational feed-back from French and customer navies worldwide. DCNS guarantees the support needed to perform locally the design adaptation and shipbuilding according to customer needs.

DCNS is also proposing various associated maintenance and service solutions for cost-effective operations.

GOWIND Control ‘Sovereignty Enforcer’

GOWIND Presence ‘High Seas Master’

GOWIND Action ‘Deterrent Warrior’

GOWIND combat ‘Multimission Combatant’

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Andrasta, excellence in the littorals

Littoral defence The ANDRASTA compact submarine is designed to operate in coastal waters, a theatre of growing importance to all maritime nations. It is also a fearsome adversary in deep water. ANDRASTA combines a state-of-the-art design with stealth, agility and power. A direct descendant of the SCORPENE, it is remarkably effective in any underwater role in coastal waters that a client navy may wish to assign to it. ANDRASTA can undertake most missions normally assigned to full-size conventional submarines. In particular, ANDRASTA deters anyone and everyone tempted to explore littoral waters under its watch. It takes extensive resources and a great deal of time to locate an ANDRASTA submarine on its home turf. ANDRASTA submarines are designed for safe, precise navigation in shallow waters in the course of missions ranging from special operations to intelligence gathering and mine laying. Powerful sensors ensure significant operational advantages over all types of adversaries, especially in challenging coastal waters. ANDRASTA’s small size contributes to the design’s excellent stealth, making it an exceptional lookout, not only in times of peace. Combat system and weapons ANDRASTA’s state-of-the-art combat system can accommodate new-generation heavyweight torpedoes and anti-ship missiles, ensuring ample firepower and making it a strong deterrent. Systems and features for special operations include a lock-out/lock-in trunk for combat swimmers, an electronic warfare suite, intelligence gathering systems and a mine-laying system.

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A new market ANDRASTA is ideal for navies big and small wishing to establish or expand a submarine force around a product offering unparalleled capabilities for littoral operations. ANDRASTA is the first design for a new segment of the conventional submarine market. ANDRASTA draws heavily on proven solutions adopted for the SCORPENE family. The layout and overall concept reflect the boat’s mission profile while ensuring a low procurement cost and a low cost of ownership. Length overall: 49 m Displacement, surface: 855 tonnes Speed, submerged: > 15 knots Submerged endurance: up to 5 days Diving depth: > 200 m Range: > 3,000 nm Complement: 19

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Navies must meet defence and security challenges whilst operating in multinational contexts and extended operation theatres Building on the skills and expertise of a team of 1,000 specialists, DCNS designs and develops highly effective, powerful, evolvable and sea proven combat systems.

o Evolvable solutions Building on its expertise as prime contractor for the French Navy, DCNS offers evolvable combat solutions responding to all fields of naval warfare and supporting multiple equipment configurations to address all customer needs in terms of mission, ships and environment. DCNS is also providing solutions for combat system modernisation, as well as cooperative engagement and network centric warfare.

o System interoperability Whether operating within national or allied forces, DCNS combat systems integrate highly secured networks and commands aids, as a result providing maximum interoperability. o Improved operational effectiveness Offering cost effective solutions and services designed to enhance navies’ capabilities, DCNS can also support navies’ R&D effort based on future naval capability studies to lead their programmes from cradle to grave.

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SETIS: Naval Tactical Integrated Combat System

The SETIS® combat management system for surface combatants offers modularity, interoperability and an open system architecture to address current and emerging naval combat requirements. As the modern warship’s integrated nerve centre, SETIS improves combat effectiveness and coordination. By gathering and analysing data from onboard and fleet-wide sensors, it quickly generates a common tactical situation based on threat identification, classification and assessment. Its algorithms and interactive tools provide capabilities enabling operators to respond to any type of attack. SETIS manages anti-surface, anti-air and anti-submarine warfare as well as intelligence gathering, land attack and special operations. SETIS can be fitted to all types of surface combatants from patrol boats to aircraft carriers and can be upgraded to meet evolving requirements.

Fully integrated system

o Powerful and war-proven data fusion algorithms to detect and neutralise threats in real time o Multifunction consoles with user-friendly human-machine interface o Combined Combat Support System for situational awareness, mission planning, air mission management, weather

and maritime environment, electromagnetic intelligence o Integrated Command Information System to simultaneously manage real-time information and tactical planning o Onboard training capability using embedded training environment o Full integration with platform for whole-ship effectiveness.

Flexible and evolvable The SETIS combat management system is based on commercial off the shelf (COTS) components and can be configured for customised solutions according to operational requirements. SETIS can be upgraded during its lifetime to maintain its operational superiority and adapt to new missions such as mine warfare, UXV integration and management, asymmetric threats etc.

Joint operations capability SETIS is fully interoperable with French and international datalinks to allow all types of joint operations. It includes an extensive Command Support System with mission planning, command aids, secure messaging and recognised maritime picture (RMP).

Ideal for modernisation programmes SETIS can be installed as part of a warship modernisation programme to improve awareness, interoperability, operational capabilities (CSS, CIS, datalinks, etc.).

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SUBTICS® : Submarine Tactical Integrated Combat System

SUBTICS® combines operational efficiency, high-performance sensors and long-range weapons. The system can be readily added to any new-build programme or integrated as part of a refit. It has been selected by several navies for SCORPENE and AGOSTA 90B submarines, as well as for modernisation programmes for submarines already in service. The sea trials of SUBTICS® systems already commissioned have demonstrated their outstanding level of performance and integration, including the capability to successfully launch several types of weapons. Key features

Submarines are increasingly used for both blue water and littoral missions ranging from anti-submarine or anti-surface warfare to intelligence gathering, land attack and special operations. SUBTICS® is designed for all these scenarios:

o Outstanding sonars and other sensors, including adaptive planar flank arrays for long-range detection, even at high

speed o Fusion of data from all sensors (optical, optronic, R-ESM and C-ESM, radar), location and identification of vessels o Advanced, sea-proven automatic and interactive target motion analysis o Track association and fusion through interactive track management o Aids for tactical analysis, decision-making and action management with respect to geographical and tactical

environment o Exchange of tactical data via datalinks o Engagement of targets and control of different weapons: sea-proven capability for F17, SUT266, TP617 and

Black Shark torpedoes as well as SM39 missiles.

References SUBTICS® has been selected by the Malaysian Navy and the Indian Navy to equip their SCORPENE submarines. SUBTICS® has been selected by the Chilean and Venezuelan navies and other navies of South America and Asia to modernise the combat systems of their submarines. SUBTICS® systems are currently in operation aboard Chilean Navy SCORPENE submarines and Pakistan Navy AGOSTA 90B submarines.

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Stand alone interoperability solutions

DCNS offers innovative solutions to help command teams to take decisions quickly and accurately, irrespective of whether they are working in a national or international context. These stand-alone solutions ensure interoperability between naval units and command levels. LINKS® and NAOS® enhance the interoperability of each naval unit. They implement multi-standard tactical datalink, command & information systems based on standardised protocols (messaging, database, cartography, etc.) to improve information sharing between ships and shore based centres. LINKS® and NAOS® are available to improve existing systems through modernisation.

High interoperability LINKS® product range works with both NATO datalinks (L11, L16, JSAT, L22) and non-NATO datalinks. These systems are designed to support future changes to these standards and maintain interoperability, including links using the IP protocol.

Improving situational awareness The NAOS® command information system (CIS) builds the common operational picture and exchanges orders with higher command echelons using secure messaging. NAOS® provides tools for situational awareness, mission planning, decision-making and implementation, irrespective of the type of crisis or conflict. NAOS® can also distribute the real-time common operational picture (COP) to distant command teams via satellite.

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MATRICS maritime safety, security and surveillance system

MATRICS (MAritime Traffic Intelligence and Coastal Surveillance) is a DCNS proposal for a maritime safety, security and surveillance system for civil and military administrations and other bodies contributing to government actions at sea. This comprehensive solution combines the surveillance and extended protection of areas from coastal waters to an entire EEZ (exclusive economic zone). MATRICS can be tailored to meet emerging maritime safety & security (MSS) needs as governments and government bodies become aware of the challenges. The system’s innovative tools optimise the management of multi-source intelligence and generate a reliable enhanced RMP (recognised maritime picture). MATRICS also generates alerts automatically in response to suspicious behaviour or events then helps operators to plan actions or responses. DCNS is actively developing innovative new building blocks for the MATRICS offering. Scamaris and Tamaris are two in-house R&D projects to expand the solutions available to detect abnormal vessel behaviour and identify potential threats as early as possible. MATRICS is interoperable with other systems, not least DCNS-designed warships and their combat systems. This capability enables DCNS to offer solutions covering surveillance, protection and security. MATRICS:

o generates the common operational traffic picture, be it local, national or international o generates automatic alarms in response to abnormal vessel behaviour (movements and activities) o identifies events (accidents, illicit and criminal activities, pollution, regulation violations) o continuously informs decision-making authorities of abnormal events and distributes the corresponding ‘analysis

files’ o helps operators to plan and propose optimised responses to threats as they arise.

MATRICS features intuitive tools to compile a consolidated ‘analysis file’ containing all available information concerning each event, the aim here being to support and expedite decision-making by the relevant authorities.

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Drawing on in-depth expertise in naval defence and warship design, DCNS supplies client navies with equipment and systems enabling them to optimise their spending while deploying their assets in complete security. Today’s warships are smart. Their state-of-the-art equipment and systems are highly integrated for maximum discretion and mobility, ease of operation, fast decision-making and efficient in both attack and defence.

o Innovation and integration DCNS’s success is built on long-term partnerships with navies, shipyards and manufacturers. DCNS designs innovative solutions ensuring the ease of integration of its equipment and systems.

o Close to our customers and flexible

One of DCNS’s strengths lies in its proven expertise in naval combat and combat management systems and its capacity to design and integrate equipment and systems and produce key components. Another DCNS strength is the Group’s close ties with client navies and local partners.

o Security and firepower DCNS equipment and systems enable navies to secure maritime space by conducting successful missions, whether amphibious, underwater or from the air. Thanks to optimised data management from sensor to shooter, DCNS solutions protect naval fleets worldwide.

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F21 next-generation heavyweight torpedo

The next-generation F21 heavyweight torpedo for the French Navy is based on the Black Shark® torpedo developed and marketed jointly by DCNS and Italian company WASS. The F21 is designed to enable French submarines to knock out enemy surface combatants and submarines. As such, it will replace the current-generation F17 Mod2 torpedo. The F21 will meet all French Navy requirements, including its specific requirements for pneumatic ram discharge, an extended operating envelope, full compliance with the MURAT SSN/SSBN safety standards, functional integration with a range of combat systems and advanced countermeasures. The wire-guided F21 uses autonomous homing during final approach and offers excellent endurance and high speed thanks to its high energy density AgO/Al (silver oxide/aluminium) primary battery. The design also offers unprecedented safety thanks to electric propulsion and a high-stability warhead that is immune to accidental detonation. Other features include a high-performance, multi-frequency acoustic head with proven capabilities against low-noise targets in deep or shallow water and environments with high background noise levels. Like the Black Shark®, the F21 will outperform all other heavyweight torpedoes currently in service. The F21 also meets the dual requirement of high performance and low cost of ownership.

Torpedo countermeasures

DCNS has vast experience in torpedo countermeasures. For over 30 years, the Group has equipped all French submarines (i.e. SSKs, SSNs and SSBNs). For surface combatants, DCNS is a member of the SLAT anti-torpedo system production team under the Franco-Italian Horizon programme. SLAT is a proven system developed jointly by Thales, WASS and DCNS. Contralto-V® DCNS developed the Contralto-V® torpedo countermeasures system to protect surface combatants against both older and state-of-the-art types of submarine-launched heavyweight torpedoes. The core benefits of the Contralto-V® concept reside in both the countermeasure effector and the response logic. Contralto-V® is compatible with mortar-, rocket- and compressed air-type launchers and legacy launchers, including multi-purpose types, which means both minimum impact on the platform architecture and low integration costs. The system’s response logic proposes optimised evasive manoeuvres according to the type of attack. Using Sealat Canto® rocket-propelled decoy/jammers developed in partnership with Lacroix, countermeasure effectors can be deployed accurately, in rapid succession and at long range to ensure unprecedented performance. Contralto-V® is also the only currently available system that is compatible with the wake-homing anti-torpedo effectors developed jointly by DCNS and Lacroix. Contralto® systems protect all types of surface vessels, including new-generation frigates like the FREMM family and aircraft and helicopter carriers (CVs, LHDs, etc.). They can be readily incorporated into new-build designs or added to earlier generation warships as part of a refit or a modernisation programme.

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Contralto-S® Contralto-S® is a DCNS-designed anti-torpedo system for all types of submarines (i.e. SSKs, SSNs and SSBNs). It can be readily incorporated into new-build designs or added to existing boats as part of a refit or a modernisation programme. Contralto-S® uses a sea-proven launcher and is fully integrated with the host submarine’s combat system via the DCNS-designed response processing unit (RPU). The RPU ensures optimal response by combining evasive manoeuvres while deploying Canto® acoustic countermeasures. Canto® effectors are operational from the moment they are launched, which reduces the overall response time and improves the submarine’s prospects for survival when the threat is detected at short range. Canto® effectors can be launched while the submarine is moving at full speed, which again improves the chances of survival. Canto® decoy/jammers The Canto® wideband decoy/jammer enables warships to counter acoustic head-type torpedoes. It does so by jamming the acoustic head’s entire frequency range, whether in active or passive mode. The decoy/jammer’s mission is to divert the incoming torpedo while masking the host vessel so it can undertake evasive manoeuvres. Canto® can be programmed using a conventional PC and can be upgraded without having to make hardware changes to the effectors. Canto® can thus be tailored to counter new threats as and when they arise.

BEST hybrid propulsion system

The BEST (Boosted Electrical propulsion System Technology) hybrid propulsion system was initially designed to power FREMM multimission frigates. This innovative propulsion system offers both the flexibility and acoustic discretion of electric propulsion at low speeds (using in-line electric motors) and a high-power boosted mode using a gas turbine coupled to the two shaftlines. BEST thus combines flexibility and acoustic discretion in the anti-submarine warfare (ASW) role with high power and efficiency for other roles, including land strike. The all-electric and boosted modes offer maximum speeds of 16 and 27 knots, respectively. BEST features best-of-breed components, mechanical propulsion equipment designed and produced by DCNS and a compact and highly integrated architecture. BEST draws extensively on DCNS’s proven know-how and experience in the design and construction of high-performance power and propulsion systems. The BEST system’s operational flexibility and high efficiency at all speeds also contribute directly to lower fuel bills for client navies. This innovative high-performance power and propulsion system is tailored to the extended operational requirements of new-generation multimission surface combatants.

Inovelis™ electric propulsion pods

DCNS and Converteam pooled their know-how and experience to develop the new-generation Inovelis™ family of electric propulsion pods, also known as azimuth pods. Inovelis™ pods are available in various sizes for both naval and commercial ships. Their innovative design ensures both high performance and operational availability. Inovelis™ pods combine an asynchronous electric motor, a pump-jet propulsor and hydrodynamic bearings to meet the most demanding naval requirements as regards noise, reliability and overall performance. The compact modular design simplifies pod integration and maintenance while high efficiency helps client navies to reduce their fuel bills.

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Systems & subsystems / Mesma AIP

To date, MESMA has been selected by the Pakistan Navy for its AGOSTA 90B-type submarines. In 2008, the first MESMA module completed intensive sea trials on PNS Hamza demonstrating that it worked perfectly and achieved the contractual specifications. PNS Hamza completed customer acceptance testing on 26 September 2008.

The MESMA air-independent propulsion (AIP) module is a complete powerplant for conventional (i.e. diesel-electric) submarines. MESMA extends a submarine’s submerged endurance or the amount of time it can spend before having to surface or return to snorkelling depth to recharge its batteries. Submerged endurance exceeds that of other conventional submarines and is only limited by the amount of oxygen stored in the cryogenic tank. A SCORPENE submarine with a MESMA AIP module offers a submerged endurance of three weeks or more… making it the clear market leader. Drawing on 50 years’ experience in steam-cycle machines, DCNS designed the MESMA AIP around mature technologies with proven reliability. MESMA uses readily available fuels and is easy to maintain, especially compared with less mature technologies, resulting in a very low cost of ownership.

The MESMA AIP module is designed as a dedicated weight-balanced hull section which means that it can be readily incorporated into new build projects or added at a later date as part of a refit. This flexibility gives customers considerable freedom. Key benefits include:

o Improved operational performance: Significantly greater submerged range and endurance without restriction as to diving depth.

o Acoustic discretion: Because it is mounted on a double-suspended cradle isolated from the hull by elastomeric blocks, the MESMA module is perfectly silent.

o Compact: Because it is integrated as a dedicated weight-balanced hull section, MESMA offers an excellent power density (power/volume ratio).

o Safe: No hydrogen tanks. MESMA is designed to the highest standards, particularly as regards ruggedness and shock resistance.

o Reliable: MESMA is based on mature, proven technologies and many years of DCNS experience.

Shipmaster® ship management system

SHIPMASTER® is a modular integrated bridge solution combining all the interfaces needed to sail the ship and manage its platform systems. SHIPMASTER® versions are available for all types of warships, from submarines to aircraft carriers. These systems centralise and automatically manage navigation and platform systems, including propulsion, power generation, electrics and auxiliaries. They also help crews to respond quickly and efficiently to equipment failures and damage, including combat damage, by presenting the watch with a structured overview of all warning and emergency systems. Additional modules are available for shipboard crew training, flight deck management and personnel tracking through an interface with the SYSMART® wireless communication system. SHIPMASTER® systems are standard fit for the French Navy’s Foudre-class amphibious assault vessels, Horizon air defence frigates and FREMM multimission frigates as well as the Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier and nuclear-powered submarines (SSBNs and SSNs, including the planned Barracuda type) and SCORPENE conventional propulsion submarines. Nine other navies have also chosen SHIPMASTER® systems. The Republic of Singapore Navy chose SHIPMASTER® for its Formidable-class frigates; the Royal Saudi Naval Forces chose SHIPMASTER® for its Al Riyadh-class multimission frigates and the Chilean Navy chose SHIPMASTER® for its SCORPENE submarines.

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Sysmart® wireless communication system

The SYSMART® system was developed by DCNS under an in-house R&D programme. SYSMART® uses proven technologies to offer a wide range of shipboard services based on reliable and secure wireless communications. More specifically, SYSMART® uses standard Wi-Fi tailored to shipboard environments and naval operating conditions to provide voice, data and video services. Low-level radiated emissions ensure that there is no risk of interference with shipboard systems. Low-power antennas distributed throughout the ship track on-duty personnel so crew members can be quickly dispatched to where they are most needed in the event of a fire, failure or damage while senior officers have a clear up-to-the-minute picture of who is where and how many have been assigned to each incident.

Sylver® vertical launchers

SYLVER® modules on surface combatants serve as both safe storage silos and vertical launchers. The upper portion protects the missiles against environmental conditions, shock and vibration as well as projectiles and small-calibre bullets. The gas duct associated with each module protects the ship and her crew against hot exhaust gases by evacuating them from the moment a missile motor ignites. SYLVER® launchers are compact, lightweight, easily installed and readily tailored to any warship architecture. They offer high launch rates while guaranteeing the safety of ship and crew in the event of a missile malfunction. An inherently simple design ensures high reliability and ease of maintenance. The SYLVER® family includes launchers compatible with most types of vertical-launch naval missiles, whether in service or planned. They are also readily tailored to different platforms and evolving operational needs. DCNS designed the SYLVER® family for use with Aster missiles. Because the different versions share strong family traits, SYLVER® launchers offer unprecedented mix-and-match weapon flexibility. SYLVER® A50 modules can store and fire not only Aster 30 missiles, but also Aster 15 missiles normally carried by the SYLVER® A43 while the SYLVER® A70 modules ordered for the Franco-Italian FREMM frigates can also accommodate Scalp Naval cruise missiles. SYLVER® launchers have been selected for the Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier, the Italian Navy’s Cavour aircraft carrier, the French Navy’s La Fayette-class frigates, the Singapore Navy’s Formidable-class frigates, the Royal Saudi Naval Forces’ Al Riyadh-class frigates, the Royal Navy’s Type 45 destroyers and the French Navy’s Forbin-class and Italy’s Andrea Doria-class anti-air frigates (Horizon programme). The SYLVER® A35, the latest addition to the family, can accommodate missiles up to 3.5 metres long, specifically, to date, the VL Mica from MBDA and the VT1 from Thales.

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Aviation solutions

Drawing on its long experience in flight deck systems, DCNS offers client navies proven aviation solutions ensuring the safety of ship and crew and excellent operational availability. SAMAHÉ® traversing systems The SAMAHÉ® traversing system takes charge of a ship’s helicopter from the moment it touches down until it takes off again, including moving it from the landing spot to the hangar and back again while holding it securely in all weathers. Various versions are available to suit different types of helicopters and UAVs. One of the designer’s main aims was to reduce the number of operators working on the flight deck and ensure a tight hold on heavy helicopters, even in rough seas and bad weather. These modular systems can be readily tailored to new-build designs or modernisation programmes for existing vessels. Nine navies currently use some 50 SAMAHÉ® systems. Landing grids DCNS-designed harpoon & grid landing systems allow helicopters and UAVs equipped with a harpoon to land quickly and safely without deck assistance, even in rough seas and bad weather. DCNS offers a range of grids for UAVs and civil and military helicopters up to 18 tonnes. All comply with the relevant NATO requirements (STANAG 1276). Twenty-eight navies use over 300 DCNS landing systems. Lightweight harpoon In addition to standard harpoons for use with DCNS-designed landing grids, the Group also offers lightweight harpoons for all types of UAVs and civil and military helicopters up to 5 tonnes. These devices allow a UAV or helo to engage or release the grid quickly and safely. They are easy to use and can be fitted to any helicopter without major work and without affecting performance. A dozen DCNS-designed lightweight harpoon units are currently in service. Aviation package In partnership with Italian company Calzoni, DCNS offers a modular aviation package comprising the DCNS-designed SAMAHÉ® traversing system and Calzoni-designed landing lights. Depending on customer needs, the package can also include a munitions handling system (to load and unload helicopter munitions in complete safety and in all weathers), a hangar door and a telescopic hangar that can accommodate even the largest naval helicopters.

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Eco-design, a federative approach

As part of a broad sustainable development plan, the Group has drafted an environmental policy to control and reduce the environmental impact of DCNS activities and products. In addition to setting up an environmental management organisation and system in compliance with ISO 14001, the Group’s eco-design strategy takes environmental considerations into account throughout each vessel’s design lifecycle – from construction to operation, through-life support and decommissioning. Scope DCNS’s eco-design strategy covers all environmental impacts of all types of vessels:

o Life cycle assessments (LCAs): analyse ship life cycles with a view to reducing environmental impact of construction, operation and decommissioning.

o Energy sources: select energy sources and prime movers with the lowest environmental impact, particularly as regards atmospheric pollution in sensitive areas (coasts, harbours, roads and ports).

o Energy efficiency: optimise energy efficiency of ships. o Waste and emissions: minimise waste by improving storage facilities (smaller and safer), processing and recycling;

use onboard recycling where possible (fresh water); reduce harmful electromagnetic radiation. o Traceability and decommissioning: list and ensure traceability of dangerous substances used in ships; optimise

processing and recycling of end-of-life materials.

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Applications and R&D So far, DCNS’s eco-design strategy has resulted in:

o a number of R&D projects in partnership with industrial firms and civil research organisations to develop better eco-tools and eco-technologies

o initiatives to assess the true impact of technical studies on projects: preliminary Ecoship design study demonstrating that it is possible to design a warship with 50% lower overall environmental impact and uncompromising performance for an additional cost payback of just five years.

Gathering momentum DCNS’s eco-design strategy will gather momentum over the coming months and years as efforts are stepped up to meet customers’ growing environmental demands and as greater importance is attached to ‘cleaner’ warships that are more respectful of marine environments. DCNS consistently anticipates trends and is progressively integrating environmental impact considerations into all its warships from the design concept stage. All current projects comply with the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) and ‘green passport’ requirements. A ship’s green passport includes an inventory of all potentially hazardous materials used in its construction and details of where they are located.

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SMX-24: flexible design for for future requirements

Missions The SMX-24 is a long-range, ocean-going conventional propulsion submarine (SSK) with an excellent payload capability. The design aims to optimise mission reconfiguration by combining maximum modularity and flexible features. The mission profile ranges from special operations to massive land strikes, in addition to the usual missions assigned to ocean-going SSKs, which is to say, attacks against enemy naval forces and fleet protection, both of which require significant anti-surface and anti-submarine warfare capabilities. Cutting-edge technologies

o The SMX-24’s systems benefit from promising concepts now emerging from DCNS’s R&D teams: o High performance sonar featuring extra long flank arrays o Advanced sensors and remotely-controlled unmanned vehicles o New-generation weapons (land strike and anti-air missiles, hard-kill torpedoes, etc.) o Augmented reality combat and platform management systems o Energy production system featuring dual air/LOX fuel cells o Superconductor technologies.

Modularity The SMX-24’s innovative architecture offers four different types of modular areas which can be reconfigured easily and rapidly:

o cartridges masts in wings o modular equipment bays o side structures that can accommodate modules of various sizes and shapes o a modular section for large modules.

The modules can be used to increase the boat’s payload (weapons, unmanned vehicles, sensors, special operation features, etc.) or performance (additional fuel, liquid oxygen, modular batteries, etc.). More than 25 types of modules are currently available, with many more to come. The only limits on the SMX-24’s capabilities are the limits of human imagination.

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Massive capabilities Thanks to its extreme modularity and advanced technologies, the SMX-24 offers outstanding operational capabilities for its displacement:

o Storage space for 38 heavyweight weapons of various types o Facilities for special operations teams of up to 18, including a 12-diver trunk, 2 drydock shelters and unmanned

vehicles o Excellent survivability thanks to improved sensors and stealth and a three-layer defences including weapons to

knock out all types of platforms, decoys against all types of torpedoes and hard-kill torpedoes. o Excellent mobility, sensors and communications and submerged endurance (i.e. without returning to

periscope/snorkel depth) of up to 30 days. Technical data Displacement, surface: 3450 tonnes Length overall: 88.8 m Diving depth: 350 m Beam overall: 26 m Maximum submerged speed: 20 kts Submerged endurance: 30 days Flank array area: 130 m² Complement: 22 to 31 (depending on configuration)

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Automatic flight deck landing system for naval UAVs

Concept: The benefits of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are such that many navies are planning to deploy them in large numbers on surface combatants over the next few years. Key benefits include low cost per flight hour, excellent endurance and loitering capabilities, danger-free for crews, stealth, flexibility. UAVs are currently available for reconnaissance and surveillance missions from naval vessels, provided solutions can be found to the problems associated with flight deck launch and recovery. Automatic UAV deck landing and take-off is a major challenge, especially if poor sea states and weather are taken into account. DCNS has developed the Automatic Deck landing Device to allow rotary-wing UAVs to take off and land on naval flight decks. The ADD system successfully completed its first sea trials off Toulon in October 2008. The system uses an infrared trajectograph to track the UAV while receiving real-time platform motion data. Meanwhile, a computer processes the motion data to generate UAV flight commands to adjust its trajectory. ADD can be used up to sea state 5, when it takes 2 minutes to land a UAV.

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ASM-X multimission UUV demonstrator for submarines

The French white paper on defence and national security (Livre blanc sur la défense et la sécurité nationale) published in June 2008 clearly identifies intelligence as a strategic mission. The upsurge in conflicts in littoral waters, the need to protect sealanes and the steady spread of a range of threats are forcing navies to invest in new capabilities. Thanks to its stealth and endurance, the ASM-X tube-launched unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) is an ideal tool for an effective response to new challenges. The ASM-X multimission UUV radically expands a submarine’s operational capabilities by entering otherwise inaccessible waters then gathering and relaying strategic intelligence in real time without betraying the mother boat’s presence while at the same time ensuring its improved protection. Technical data Range: > 200 km Endurance: >> 30 hours Launch and recovery: via torpedo tubes Fully integrated with submarine’s DCNS-designed combat system Wide range of mission payloads Torpedo-type body ensures easy integration with submarine

Undersea warfare

Undersea and mine warfare products include detection and location systems, countermeasures and undersea target weapons. The systems used to detect undersea targets include active and passive sonar systems carried by submarines, surface combatants and aircraft, non-acoustic detection systems and the environmental parameter measurement sensors required to optimise sonar performance. In addition to detection and neutralisation, the scope of mine countermeasure systems includes operating, data processing and mine sweeping systems. The challenge is to integrate these into today’s increasingly independent AUVs. The most effective response to the undersea threat is still the torpedo: lightweight torpedoes launched from surface combatants, helicopters and maritime patrol aircraft, and heavyweight torpedoes launched from submarines against other submarines or surface combatants. The lightweight torpedo is the perfect subsea weapon, combining fire-and-forget technology with speed, agility and lethal power in a much lighter package able to resist extremely severe environment constraints. Responding to these very demanding operational demands, the MU90 offers a complete system that includes acoustic self-guidance, electric propulsion and explosive charge. The countermeasures are those anti-torpedo countermeasures carried by submarines and surface combatants. Industrial cooperation between DCNS and Lacroix DS has enabled the development of the SEALAT CANTO munition designed to provide self-protection for surface combatants against torpedoes.

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SSeerrvviicceess DCNS service solutions offer increased fleet availability and tightly controlled costs while making full use of local resources. In addition to raising fleet and equipment availability, DCNS service solutions include cost control to ensure that costs remain within the client navy’s budget constraints.

o Maintenance & Repair DCNS experts maintain and repair ships all over the world. The Group guarantees that the right spares are delivered on time and to the right place.

o Support organisation

DCNS offers consultancy and maintenance training services. The Group also integrates and delivers fleet support information systems ensuring improved fleet management and availability.

o Optimised infrastructure

Building on its long-standing partnership with navies all over the world, DCNS designs, builds, maintains and upgrades naval bases while working in close cooperation with local contractors.

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TLS expertise for sophisticated naval systems

DCNS keeps FOST fleet operational For almost 35 years, DCNS has provided through-life support services for nuclear-powered ballistic-missile submarines (SSBNs) assigned to the French Navy’s strategic ocean force (FOST). The maintenance programme for these vessels calls for nine intermediate maintenance periods per year, totalling around five weeks, and one refuelling and complex overhaul (RCOH) every 90 months. An RCOH takes around two years to complete. Each RCOH includes a thorough inspection of the boat’s pressure hull, the systematic overhaul of all components contributing to diving safety, the complete overhaul of the propulsion system, combat system and all weapon systems along with engineering changes and refurbishments required as a result of changes to operational requirements or obsolescence. DCNS offers the French Navy and its Fleet Support Service (DSSF) a comprehensive service under a single contract covering repairs and maintenance proper, maintenance engineering, logistics (including the management of shipboard spares) and the necessary crew training. This service also includes the maintenance and operation of all facilities and plant (drydocks, lifting gear, security, etc.) associated with the FOST mission.

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CVN Charles de Gaulle’s RCOH in good hands French nuclear-powered aircraft carrier CVN Charles de Gaulle dropped anchor in Toulon harbour on 1 September 2007 for her first major refit, known as a refuelling and complex overhaul. The RCOH was scheduled to take just 15 months, which is a very short time indeed for an RCOH for a nuclear-powered vessel. DCNS spent two years planning and preparing for this massive refit representing 2.5 million person-hours involving 400 DCNS employees and 200 subcontractors. The ship’s 1,000-strong crew also played an active role. In addition to the technological and human challenge of completing the RCOH in record time, DCNS worked with a panel of competitive subcontractors, including Areva for reactor refuelling. Spent fuel rods were removed from the ship’s two reactors, packaged and transported to a basic nuclear installation (INBS). The two steam raising plants, each 10 metres tall and weighing 80 tonnes, were transported by barge. The nuclear powerplant underwent a complete checkup including the thorough inspection of all critical components. DCNS teams worked with surgical precision. A robot inspected tunnel of the Cogîte heel correction system beneath the carrier’s flight deck measuring just 40 cm wide by 30 cm high and 65 m in length. This revealed that various pulleys and 2,500 m of cable had to be replaced. The Cogîte system uses load cars on rails to correct heeling.

A full range of e-services

DCNS offers a full range of e-services and e-tools based on its considerable experience in performance optimisation and cost control. The Group proposes maintenance and logistics information systems that are reliable, easy to use and upgradeable. Drawing on the experience of teams specialising in both logistic support and IT, DCNS builds and tailors user-friendly solutions to the client navy’s needs as well as its productivity and cost targets. Like the French Navy, the navies of Italy, Pakistan and Chile have chosen DCNS e-solutions. The French Navy’s SIGLE information and logistics management system is used to manage a fleet of 73 surface vessels and submarines and their bases, worldwide.

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NAVEO: modular, evolvable IT solutions for navies

As navies everywhere seek to optimise budgets and expenditure, DCNS’s in-house experts are leveraging the Group’s considerable experience in logistic support and IT to identify the best software packages available to meet the specific needs of each navy. Using a process layer developed by DCNS’s own teams, the Group integrates existing packages with an IT system dubbed NAVEO. NAVEO combines computer-assisted maintenance management, knowledge management, e-learning, operations, configuration management and more. The possibilities are virtually unlimited. NAVEO solutions can also be integrated with the customer’s existing IT systems. DCNS’s in-house expertise and partnerships with software developers enable the Group to propose IT solutions that are readily upgradeable.

Closer to ships wherever they are…

Through its subsidiaries (like DCN Services Far East) or through partnerships with local companies and shipyards, DCNS is ready to assist, repair and maintain naval vessels anywhere in the world.

Patrol frigate Prairial overhauled in Papeete On 21 January 2008, the French Navy awarded DCNS a contract to refit the patrol frigate Prairial. The aim was to fully refurbish the vessel’s main systems. This class of patrol frigates spends seven to eight months of each year on patrol missions for French overseas territories, often in harsh conditions. The refit was special in that the work had to be carried out some 18,000 km from France. “We had to purchase then ship, by sea or by air, some 2,500 spare parts,” says Thierry Guevel, the project manager who monitored progress in liaison with the shipyard manager, a mechanical engineer, a works coordinator and a technician. In all, 35 DCNS employees were involved. Some systems had to be disassembled in Papeete so that key components could be sent to Brest by air. In Brest, the ship’s gun turret and components were inspected and refurbished then sent back to Papeete by air before being reinstalled on the ship. Five months were spent planning and preparing the entire operation.

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Brazil: CV São Paulo, almost 50 years old, refurbished to as-new condition CV São Paulo, formerly CV Foch, pride of the French Navy, was acquired by the Brazilian Navy in 2000. DCNS makes expertise available to the Brazilian Navy on an ‘as needed’ basis. Most requests concern the ship’s boilers, catapults, aviation facilities and propulsion system. To ensure that the São Paulo is constantly in top condition, DCNS supports the Brazilian Navy’s Rio de Janeiro shipyard through telephone conference calls, by seconding experts and by supplying spare parts. Singapore: DCNS maintains French Navy ships operating in the Indian Ocean For almost two years, underway replenishment tanker Var has served as base for the admiral commanding French naval forces in the Indian Ocean. The French Navy awarded DCNS a contract to overhaul URT Var over a period of ten weeks in mid-2008. DCNS entrusted the task to DCN Services Far East, Singapore-based subsidiary set up to oversee the local construction, under a technology transfer agreement, of five out of six Formidable-class frigates (under DCNS’s Delta programme). The work on URT Var was performed at Jurong SML’s shipyard at Tuas. The main tasks included overhauling the ship’s two main propulsion motors, two diesel-alternator sets and the air conditioning plant. The work was performed by local subcontractors, French Navy teams from the Toulon shipyard and BAP-type repair vessel Jules Verne plus the Var’s own engineers. The French teams played a leading role in overhauling the diesel-alternator sets powering the Var’s electrical plant.

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CCOONNTTAACCTTSS DCNS Corporate Communications 2 rue Sextius Michel F-75732 Paris Cedex 15, France +33 (0)1 40 59 50 00 Christophe Lachnitt Director, Corporate Communications +33 (0)1 40 59 56 07 +33 (0)6 61 91 30 50 Emmanuel Gaudez Press & Media Manager + 33 (0)1 40 59 55 69 +33 (0)6 61 97 36 63 [email protected] Fanny Joseph Press officer +33 (0)1 40 59 50 34 +33 (0)6 64 68 21 89 [email protected] Virginie Lemière Press officer +33 (0)1 40 59 53 57 +33 (0)6 76 65 87 69 [email protected] Photo credits : DCNS, Thales, Marine nationale, G. Leimdorfer/Rapho – G. Uferas/Rapho Exclusive press rights