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LITHIUM BATTERIES – UPDATED ACCORDING TO THE IATA DGR 52nd EDITION DHL – Restricted Commodities Group

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LITHIUM BATTERIES – UPDATED ACCORDING TO THE IATA DGR 52nd EDITION

DHL – Restricted Commodities Group

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

Step 1 – What type of Battery are you shipping?

Lithium Ion Batteries

Lithium Metal Batteries

Rechargeable batteries commonly used in consumer electronicsMost popular battery for portable electronics: laptops, mobile phones, MP3, camcorders etc. A fire involving lithium ion batteries can be extinguished by an aircraft halon fire extinguisher

Not rechargeableLonger life than the normal alkaline batteries and can be used in toys, cameras, ...A fire involving lithium metal batteries can NOT be extinguished by an aircraft halon fire extinguisher

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

Step 2 – How are you shipping them?

Batteries alone Batteries with

equipment (but not installed on it)

Batteries in equipment

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

Step 2 – How are you shipping them?

Batteries alone Batteries with

equipment (but not installed on it)

Batteries in equipment

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

Step 3 – How many Watt per hour* does your battery have?

≤100 W/h in case of a Battery

≤ 20 W/h in case of a cell

• Cell is a single powered unit.• Battery is a number of cells connected to each otherNormally, shipments consist of batteries, and not of cells.

*The W/h must be marked on the outside of th battery, for batteries manufactured since January 2009. But, laptops, mobile phones and other small consumer electronics have less than 100 W/h batteries (apart from perhaps some extra duration batteries – for those use formula Wh = AhxV in case the Wh are not marked in the battery).

>100 W/h in case of a Battery

> 20 W/h in case of a cell

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

Step 3 – How many Watt per hour* does your battery have?

≤100 W/h in case of a Battery

≤ 20 W/h in case of a cell

• Cell is a single powered unit.• Battery is a number of cells connected to each otherNormally, shipments consist of batteries, and not of cells.

*The W/h must be marked on the outside of th battery, for batteries manufactured since January 2009. But, laptops, mobile phones and other small consumer electronics have less than 100 W/h batteries (apart from perhaps some extra duration batteries – for those use formula Wh = AhxV in case the Wh are not marked in the battery).

>100 W/h in case of a Battery

> 20 W/h in case of a cell

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

Step 3 – How many Watt per hour* does your battery have?

≤100 W/h in case of a Battery

≤ 20 W/h in case of a cell

• Cell is a single powered unit.• Battery is a number of cells connected to each otherNormally, shipments consist of batteries, and not of cells.

*The W/h must be marked on the outside of th battery, for batteries manufactured since January 2009. But, laptops, mobile phones and other small consumer electronics have less than 100 W/h batteries (apart from perhaps some extra duration batteries – for those use formula Wh = AhxV in case the Wh are not marked in the battery).

>100 W/h in case of a Battery

> 20 W/h in case of a cell

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

Step 3 – How much lithium does your battery have?

≤ 2 grams in case of a Battery

≤ 1 gram in case of a cell

• Cell is a single powered unit.• Battery is a number of cells connected to each otherNormally, shipments consist of batteries, and not of cells.

>2 grams in case of a Battery

> 1 gram in case of a cell

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

Step 3 – How much lithium does your battery have?

≤ 2 grams in case of a Battery

≤ 1 gram in case of a cell

• Cell is a single powered unit.• Battery is a number of cells connected to each otherNormally, shipments consist of batteries, and not of cells.

>2 grams in case of a Battery

> 1 gram in case of a cell

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

Step 3 – How much lithium does your battery have?

≤ 2 grams in case of a Battery

≤ 1 gram in case of a cell

• Cell is a single powered unit.• Battery is a number of cells connected to each otherNormally, shipments consist of batteries, and not of cells.

>2 grams in case of a Battery

> 1 gram in case of a cell

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

UN3480, Lithium Ion Batteries - Packing Instruction 965 Section II

Packaging Package Tests

Documentation Labeling DHL Product

Each battery must be individually packed in an inner package (plastic blister wrap, pasteboard, etc.) that protects from short circuit

Strong outer package

Maximum 10 kg G (gross weight) per package

1.2m drop tested

The following statement is required on the AWB:

“Lithium ion batteries not restricted as per PI965 Section II”

A statement with following intention must be attached to the package (or stated on the AWB):

“Handle with care. When package is damaged can cause fire. Special procedures should be followed: inspect the package and arrange repack by qualified persons when required. Contact Nr: 00XX XXXX XXX XXX”

must be completed

TD – account must be approved

ACS – ACP/D booking mentioning Section II is required

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

UN3480, Lithium Ion Batteries - Packing Instruction 965 Section I

Packaging Package Tests

Documentation Labeling DHL Product Available

Each battery must be protected against short circuit

UN Packaging

Maximum 5 kg G for PAX shipments

Maximum 35 kg G for CAO shipments

Packing Group II performance standards

Shipper’s Declaration

MAWB

Class 9

(CAO if applicable)

ACS – booking is required as CAO/PAX

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

UN3481, Lithium Ion Batteries packed with equipment - Packing Instruction 966 Section II

Packaging Package Tests

Documentation Labeling DHL Product

Each battery must be individually packed in an inner package (plastic blister wrap, pasteboard, etc.) that protects from short circuit

Strong outer package

Maximum number of batteries: those necessary to power the equipment and 2 spares

No maximum gross weight

1.2m drop tested

The following statement is required on the AWB:

“Lithium ion batteries not restricted as per PI966 Section II”

A statement with following intention must be attached to the package (or stated on the AWB):

“Handle with care. When package is damaged can cause fire. Special procedures should be followed: inspect the package and arrange repack by qualified persons when required. Contact Nr: 00XX XXXX XXX XXX”

must be completed

TD – account must be approved

ACS – ACP/D booking mentioning Section II is required

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

UN3481, Lithium Ion Batteries packed with equipment - Packing Instruction 966 Section I

Packaging Package Tests

Documentation Labeling DHL Product Available

Each battery must be protected from short circuit

UN Packaging for the batteries

Maximum 5 kg (excluding equipment) for PAX shipments

Maximum 35 kg (excluding equipment) for CAO shipments

Batteries packaging and the equipment must be placed in a overpack

Packing Group II performance standards for the package containing batteries

Shipper’s Declaration

MAWB

Class 9

(CAO if applicable)

ACS – booking is required as PAX/CAO

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

Step 4 – How many batteries does your package has in total (independent of the number of equipments)?

Note: do not confuse package with overpack. There are no restrictions for the number of packages (and therefore batteries) per overpack.

>2 batteriesor

> 4 cells

2 batteries or lessor

4 cells or less

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

UN3481, Lithium Ion Batteries contained in equipment - Packing Instruction 967 Section II

Packaging Package Tests

Documentation Labeling DHL Product

The equipment must be protected against accidental activation

Strong outer package

No maximim number of equipments

No maximum Gross weight

Strong package equivalent to its capacity and intended use

The following statement is required on the AWB:

“Lithium ion batteries not restricted as per PI967 Section II”

A statement with following intention must be attached to the package (or stated on the AWB):

“Handle with care. When package is damaged can cause fire. Special procedures should be followed: inspect the package and arrange repack by qualified persons when required. Contact Nr: 00XX XXXX XXX XXX”

must be completed

TD – account must be approved

ACS – ACP/D booking mentioning Section II is required

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

UN3481, Lithium Ion Batteries contained in equipment - Packing Instruction 967 Section II

Packaging Package Tests

Documentation Labeling DHL Product

The equipment must be protected against accidental activation

Strong outer package

No maximim number of equipments

No maximum Gross weight

Strong package equivalent to its capacity and intended use

The AWB must state:

“Lithium ion batteries not restricted as per PI967 Section II”

No requirements

TD

ACS

(no further requirements)

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

UN3481, Lithium Ion Batteries contained in equipment - Packing Instruction 967 Section I

Packaging Package Tests

Documentation Labeling DHL Product Available

Outer package must be waterproof by using a liner (plastic bag)

The equipment must be protected against accidental activation and movement (cushioning material)

Maximum weight of the batteries per piece of equipment: 5 kg for PAX shipments, 35 kg for CAO shipments

Strong outer package

Shipper’s Declaration

MAWB

Class 9

(CAO if applicable)

ACS – booking is required as CAO/PAX

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

UN3090, Lithium Metal Batteries - Packing Instruction 968 Section II

Packaging Package Tests

Documentation Labeling DHL Product

Each battery must be individually packed in an inner package (plastic blister wrap, pasteboard, etc.) that protects from short circuit

Strong outer package

Maximum 2.5 kg G (gross weight) per package

1.2m drop tested

The following statement is required on the AWB:

“Lithium metal batteries not restricted as per PI968 Section II”

A statement with following intention must be attached to the package (or stated on the AWB):

“Handle with care. When package is damaged can cause fire. Special procedures should be followed: inspect the package and arrange repack by qualified persons when required. Contact Nr: 00XX XXXX XXX XXX”

must be completed

TD – account must be approved

ACS – ACP/D booking mentioning Section II is required

Shipping to the US?

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

UN3090, Lithium Metal Batteries - Packing Instruction 968 Section I

Packaging Package Tests

Documentation Labeling DHL Product Available

Batteries must be protected against short circuit

UN Packaging

Maximum 2.5 kg G for PAX shipments

Maximum 35 kg G for CAO shipments

Packing Group II performance standards

Shipper’s Declaration

MAWB

Class 9

(CAO if applicable)

ACS – booking is required as CAO/PAX

Shipping to the US?

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

UN3091, Lithium Metal Batteries packed with equipment - Packing Instruction 969 Section II

Packaging Package Tests

Documentation Labeling DHL Product

Each battery must be individually packed in an inner package (plastic blister wrap, pasteboard, etc.) that protects from short circuit

Strong outer package

Maximum number of batteries: those necessary to power the equipment and 2 spares

No maximum gross weight

1.2m drop tested

The following statement is required on the AWB:

“Lithium metal batteries not restricted as per PI969 Section II”

A statement with following intention must be attached to the package (or stated on the AWB):

“Handle with care. When package is damaged can cause fire. Special procedures should be followed: inspect the package and arrange repack by qualified persons when required. Contact Nr: 00XX XXXX XXX XXX”

must be completed

TD – account must be approved

ACS – ACP/D booking mentioning Section II is required

Shipping to the US?

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

UN3091, Lithium Metal Batteries packed with equipment - Packing Instruction 969 Section I

Packaging Package Tests

Documentation Labeling DHL Product Available

Each battery must be protected from short circuit

UN Packaging for the batteries

Maximum 5 kg (excluding equipment) for PAX shipments

Maximum 35 kg (excluding equipment) for CAO shipments

Batteries package and the equipment must be placed in a overpack

Packing Group II performance standards for the package containing batteries

Shipper’s Declaration

MAWB

Class 9

(CAO if applicable)

ACS – booking is required as CAO/PAX

Shipping to the US?

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

Step 4 – How many batteries does your package has in total (independent of the number of equipments)?

Note: do not confuse package with overpack. There are no restrictions for the number of packages (and therefore batteries) per overpack.

>2 batteriesOr

> 4 cells

2 batteries or lessOr

4 cells or less

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

UN3091, Lithium Metal Batteries contained in equipment - Packing Instruction 970 Section II

Packaging Package Tests

Documentation Labeling DHL Product

The equipment must be protected against accidental activation

Strong outer package

No maximim number of equipments

No maximum Gross weight

Strong package equivalent to its capacity and intended use

The following statement is required on the AWB:

“Lithium metal batteries not restricted as per PI970 Section II”

A statement with following intention must be attached to the package (or stated on the AWB):

“Handle with care. When package is damaged can cause fire. Special procedures should be followed: inspect the package and arrange repack by qualified persons when required. Contact Nr: 00XX XXXX XXX XXX”

must be completed

TD – account must be approved

ACS – ACP/D booking mentioning Section II is required

Shipping to the US?

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

UN3091, Lithium Metal Batteries contained in equipment - Packing Instruction 970 Section II

Packaging Package Tests

Documentation Labeling DHL Product

The equipment must be protected against accidental activation

Strong outer package

No maximim number of equipments

No maximum Gross weight

Strong package equivalent to its capacity and intended use

AWB must state:

“Lithium metal batteries not restricted as per PI970 Section II”

No requirements

TD

ACS

(no further requirements)

Shipping to the US?

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

UN3091, Lithium Metal Batteries contained in equipment - Packing Instruction 970 Section I

Packaging Package Tests

Documentation Labeling DHL Product Available

Outer package must be waterproof by using a liner (plastic bag)

The equipment must be protected against accidental activation and movement (cushioning material)

Maximum lithium per equipment is 12g per cell and 500 g per battery

Maximum weight of the batteries per piece of equipment: 5 kg for PAX shipments, 35 kg for CAO shipments

Strong outer package

Shipper’s Declaration

MAWB

Class 9

(CAO if applicable)

ACS – booking is required as CAO/PAX

Shipping to the US?

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

EXTRA REQUIREMENTS ACCORDING TO USG-02

If shipping to/from/through the United States of America, Lithium Metal (or Lithium Primary) batteries are forbidden in passenger aircraft.

Packages complying with the Section II of the different PIs must be marked:

“PRIMARY LITHIUM BATTERIES — FORBIDDEN FOR TRANSPORT ABOARD PASSENGER AIRCRAFT”

or

“LITHIUM METAL BATTERIES — FORBIDDEN FOR TRANSPORT ABOARD PASSENGER AIRCRAFT.”

Note: There are exceptions to this rule, in case batteries are shipped with or in equipment. However, exceptions are still stricter than IATA regulations, please contact [email protected] for specific information.

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

EXTRA REQUIREMENTS ACCORDING TO USG-02

If shipping to/from/through the United States of America, Lithium Metal (or Lithium Primary) batteries are forbidden in passenger aircraft:

Packages complying with the Section I of the different PIs must be labeled with the CAO label, even if under the limits of PAX. Documentation must be made accordingly.

Restricted Commodities Group | January 2011

LITHIUM BATTERIES

Important Disclaimer:

Please note that the information mentioned on this presentations is purely illustrative and does not replace the study of the Dangerous Goods regulations to perform any tasks related to the preparation of shipments of Lithium batteries.

DHL will not be held responsible for any mistake or lack of accuracy of the information contained herewith.