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Does Happiness Matter? Applying Positive Psychology to Advising Teri Duever Oregon State University School of Psychological Science

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Teri Duever Oregon State University School of Psychological Science. Does Happiness Matter?. Applying Positive Psychology to Advising. What is the best thing that has happened to you since you left for this conference?. Pair Share. Why do you think it happened that way?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Page 1: Does Happiness Matter?

Does Happiness Matter?Applying Positive Psychology to Advising

Teri DueverOregon State UniversitySchool of Psychological Science

Page 2: Does Happiness Matter?

What is the best thing that has happened to you since you left for this conference?

Why do you think it happened that way?

Pair Share

Page 3: Does Happiness Matter?

Psychology Mental Illness

Depression, Anxiety, Schizophrenia, Autism, Bipolar Disorder, etc.

Page 4: Does Happiness Matter?

Psychology Mental Health

Harmony, comfort, gladness, fun, thrill, euphoria, wisdom,

courage, love, justice, temperance, etc.

Page 5: Does Happiness Matter?

Does Happiness Matter?

Self-Reported Mental Health across 5,689 students in13 colleges.

The Relationship of Level of Positive Mental Health With Current Mental Disorders in Predicting Suicidal Behavior And Academic Impairment in College Students

Corey L. M. Keyes, PhD, et al., Journal of American College Health, 2012

Flourishing:

51%2,947 Students

Moderate:

44.6%2,537 Students

Languishing:

3.6%204 Students

Series10

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

FlourishingModerateLanguishing

Page 6: Does Happiness Matter?

Depression and Anxiety

Percentage of Students with Mental Disorders by Mental Health Category

Flourishing: 2897 Students

1.7% Mental Health Disorders

Moderate: 2537 Students

11.6% Mental Health Disorders

Languishing: 294 Students

49% Mental Health Disorders

Flourishing Moderate Languishing0

10

20

30

40

50

60

Mental Disorders

Mental Disorders

Page 7: Does Happiness Matter?

Without Mental Disorders

Percentage of students without Mental Disorders who experienced Suicidal Behaviors or Academic Impairment

Flourishing2,897 students

Suicidal Behaviors: 1.3%37 students

Academic Impairment: 2.4% 70 students

Moderate2,243 students

Suicidal Behaviors: 3.9%87 students

Academic Impairment: 5.6%126 students

Languishing104 students

Suicidal Behaviors:15.4%15 students

Academic Impairment: 17.0%18 students

Flourishing Moderate Languishing0

5

10

15

20

Suicidal Behaviors

Academic Impairment

Page 8: Does Happiness Matter?

With Mental Disorders

Percentage of students with Mental Disorders who experienced Suicidal Behaviors or Academic Impairment

Flourishing50 students

Suicidal Behaviors: 7% (up from 1.3%)

4 students

Academic Impairment: 20.4% (up from 2.4%)

10 students

Moderate294 students

Suicidal Behaviors: 18% (up from 3.9%)

53 students

Academic Impairment: 34% (up from 5.6%)

100 students

Languishing100 students

Suicidal Behaviors:28.3% (up from 15.4%)

28 students

Academic Impairment: 52% (up from 17.0%)

52 students

Flourishing Moderate Languishing0

102030405060

Suicidal Behaviors

Academic Impairment

Page 9: Does Happiness Matter?

Does Happiness Matter?

Findings (paraphrased):

• Lots of college students experience depression and anxiety.

• Depressed and anxious students are at a greater risk of suicidal behavior and academic impairment.

• Flourishing students are at the lowest risk of suicidal behavior and academic impairment among students.

Conclusion:

Flourishing protects against suicidal behavior and academic impairment.

Page 10: Does Happiness Matter?

What is Flourishing?Flourishing: a theory of Happiness and Well-Being by Martin Seligman, Ph.D.

Positive Emotions, Engagement, Relationships, Meaning, and Achievements

Page 11: Does Happiness Matter?

Positive Emotions

More than just a good mood.

Page 12: Does Happiness Matter?

Positive Emotions

Pair Share

Think of a meaningful kindness that somebody did toward you for no reason at all.

Share what that kindness was, and how it made you feel.

Plot a kindness you could do toward somebody this week.

Page 13: Does Happiness Matter?

“You can’t lead somebody to a place you’ve never been.”

Positive Emotions:

What do students look like on the far negative end of this continuum?

What might be a clue that a student was too far into the negative emotion section of this continuum?  What resources would you refer this student to?    

Page 14: Does Happiness Matter?

Engagement

Getting “lost” in something.

Page 15: Does Happiness Matter?

Engagement

Pair Share

Think of an activity that you enjoy so much you lose track of time.

Try to describe how it feels to be lost in that activity.

What could you change in your life in order to be able to experience it more often?

Page 16: Does Happiness Matter?

“You can’t lead somebody to a place you’ve never been.”

 

Engagement:

What are clues that a student is not engaging in their school work or anything else for that matter?

What are some unhealthy engagements? What resources would you refer this student to?   

Page 17: Does Happiness Matter?

Relationships

Joy is often best when shared.

Page 18: Does Happiness Matter?

Relationships

Pair Share

Is there somebody you could call at 3:00 am if you really needed to?

Who is it?

Share a little about that relationship?

Page 19: Does Happiness Matter?

“You can’t lead somebody to a place you’ve never been.”

 

Relationships:

What are some situations where you see students who do not have the relationship supports that they need? What resources would you refer this student to? 

Page 20: Does Happiness Matter?

Meaning

Why do you get up every morning?

Page 21: Does Happiness Matter?

Meaning

Pair Share

What is it that makes you want to get out of bed every morning?

What gives your life purpose or meaning?

What would you do if you could spend more of your life pursuing that purpose?

Page 22: Does Happiness Matter?

“You can’t lead somebody to a place you’ve never been.”

 

Meaning:

When does this subject come up in advising?

What are the comments of students who seem to lack meaning? What resources would you refer this student to? 

Page 23: Does Happiness Matter?

Accomplishments• Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet,

consectetuer adipiscing elit. Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem sed magna suscipit egestas.

• Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Vivamus et magna. Fusce sed sem sed magna suscipit

Reward for not giving up.

Page 24: Does Happiness Matter?

Accomplishments

Pair Share

What accomplishment are you preparing for, practicing for, and anticipating?

Or, what is something you would like to accomplish, even if you are not currently preparing for it?

What is one step you could take toward it this week?

Page 25: Does Happiness Matter?

“You can’t lead somebody to a place you’ve never been.”

Achievement:

What are some examples of typical achievements for college students?

What can you do for the student who is not experiencing any of these?

Page 26: Does Happiness Matter?

Happiness Homework

• What went well? And why?

• Kindness Exercise

• Letter and/or Visit of Gratitude

• Spending Exercise

• Strengths Identification and Exercise

Detailed Instructions for these exercises are provided in the handout.

Page 27: Does Happiness Matter?

Resources Cited

Buettner, D. (2008). Blue Zones. Washington DC: National Geographic

Corey L. M. Keyes PhD, Daniel Eisenberg PhD, Geraldine S. Perry DrPH, Shanta R. Dube PhD, MPH, Kurt Kroenke MD & Satvinder S. Dhingra MPH (2012): The Relationship of Positive Mental Health With Current Mental Disorders in Predicting Suicidal Behavior and Academic Impairment in College Students, Journal of American College Health, 60:2, 126-133

Seligman, Martin E.P.(2002). Authentic Happiness. New York, NY: Free Press

Seligman, Martin E.P. (2011) Flourish. New York: Free Press

Snowdon, D. (2002). Aging with Grace. New York: Bantam Books

Valliant, George E. (2003). Aging Well. Boston: Little Brown and Company

Page 28: Does Happiness Matter?

Does Happiness Matter? Yes!

Page 29: Does Happiness Matter?

Choose Happiness! It does matter.