drafting catia v5
Post on 18-Nov-2014
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Contents Chapter 1 1.1 How to enter into Drafting Workbench 1.2 Drafting workbench Interface 1.3 What is Generative Drafting and Interactive Drafting Chapter 2 2.1 Selecting drawing standards 2.2 Inserting Frames and Title block 2.3 Editing the Sheet Properties. Chapter 3 3.1 Part Drawing Creation 3.1.1 Opening a Part 3.1.2 Creating Front View 3.1.3 Creating Projection View 3.1.4 Creating auxiliary view 3.1.5 Creating Isometric view 3.1.6 Creating Offset Section View and Aligned Section View 3.1.7 Creating Offset Section Cut and Aligned Section Cut 3.1.8 Creating Detail View 3.1.9 Creating Clip view 3.1.10 Creating Broken view and Brokeout view 3.1.11 Creating view using Wizard
Contents 3.2 creating dimensions and annotations 3.2.1 Crating Axis and Threads 3.2.2 Crating Dimensions 3.2.3 Crating Annotations 3.3 Assembly Drawing Creation 3.3.1 Opening a Assembly 3.3.2 Creating Section View 3.3.3 Overload properties 3.3.4 Generating Balloons 3.3.5 Generating Bill of material
Chapter 1 : 1.1 How to enter into Drafting WorkbenchMETHOD 1: Step 1
You can change the settings in the Step 2 even after entering the workbench hence Hide when Starting workbench check box is provided. By checking this option catia will skip the second step and directly enters the drafting workbench.
Step 2Step 1: Select Start>Mechanical Design>Drafting from the menu bar as highlighted. Step 2 : - Standards such as ISO, ANSI etc. for the drawing can be selected using drop down menu. - Sheet Style (size) A0,A1,A2, etc. can be selected as required. - And orientation of the sheet Portrait or Landscape can also be set at this stage. Click to enter the Drafting workbench.
1.1 How to enter into Drafting WorkbenchMETHOD 2: Step 1: Select File>New from the menu bar Step 2: - Select Drawing from the Dialog box Click Click - After clicking OK you will get New Drawing Dialog box explained in Step 2 in METHOD 1. Step 2
1.2 Drafting workbench Interface
Views : Creating and Modifying views Dimensioning : Creating Dimensioning
Annotations : Creating text, Annotations & tables Dress-up : Creating Axis, Fill Area Drawing : Inserting New sheets, Empty views and crating details views
Geometry Creation Geometry Modification
1.3 What is Generative Drafting & Interactive DraftingGenerative Drafting:Generative Drafting involves creation of 2D Drawing views from 3D models and assemblies, here views will have link with the 3D model. This training document cover Generative Drafting only.
Interactive Drafting:Interactive Drafting involves creation of views without using 3D models and assemblies and hence there will be any with the 3D.
Chapter 2 : 2.1Selecting drawing standardsStep 1 : Select File>Page Setup from main menu. Step 2 : Select the Drop down menu provided for standards in Page setup dialog box. Step 3 : Select the Standards as required Click to apply.
2.2 Inserting drawing template- Generally Sheet background views ( title block plus elements) are added From the another drawing sheet. Which requires some setting in the Tools>Option>Mechanical Design>Drafting>Layout. - Check Copy background view and Select Other drawing - Click to apply. - This will let you copy the Title block and elements from the reference drawing.
2.2 Inserting drawing templateOnce setting are completed. Follow bellow step to copy the background from the other file. Step 1: Select File>Page Setup, Page Setup Dialog box will appear. Step 2: Select Insert Background View highlighted in red box
2.2 Inserting drawing templateStep 3: Select Browse.. button from Insert element into a sheet dialog box. Step 4: File Selection window will pop up and here you can select reference file from where you need to select the background view. Select the file and click on Open
Step 3 Step 4
2.2 Inserting drawing templateStep 5 : Click on and click on Page Setup box to apply. Step 6 : final drafting sheet after application of title block
Selected reference file Preview of the BackgroundStep 5
2.3 Editing sheet propertiesMETHOD 1Sheet size can be selected from the same Page Setup dialog box ( Step 2) Previous slide. Step 1 : Select drop down menu Sheet Style from the Page Setup dialog box Step 2 : Select the Drawing sheet size as required and Click to apply.
2.3 Editing sheet propertiesMETHOD 2Step 1 : Right click ( Mouse button) on the Sheet.1 from the tree and select Properties Step 2 : - In the Property dialog box Sheet name Sheet.1 can be renamed as needed. - Select the scale of the sheet as required highlighted with red box. - Select the Format drop down menu and Select appropriate sheet size. - Select the Projection Method by selecting the Radio button provided in Properties Dialog box. Finally click to apply.
Chapter 3: 3.1 Part Drawing Creation3.1.1 Opening a Part Step 1 : Select File>Open Step 2 : File Selection window will appear select the file (Sample) and click on
3.1 Part Drawing Creation3.1.2 Creating Front View Step 1 : Click on Front view icon the same option can be accessed by other method shown in below.
3.1.2 Creating Front ViewStep 2 : Select window, and select the part for which views to be generated here we are selecting 1 Sample.CATPart. That will take you Sample model. Step 3 : Select the datum planes or Flat face of the solid. Here we have selected YZ plane. Preview of the view which is going to be generated is displayed at right bottom of screen and immediately the CATIA will automatically take you to drafting mode. Best Practice is to select the Plane instead of solid face.
3.1.2 Creating Front ViewStep 4: Once you come back to drafting workbench(do not click on the screen) you will see screen as shown below - Here the orientation of the view can changed as required by using navigator which in top right corner of sheet (high lighted in red box) - If we assume the X axis as horizontal axis arrow pointing towards right of the screen and Y axis as vertical axis pointing upwards and Z axis as normal to screen, then, clicking on Blue arrows will rotate the view about X and Y axis directions and clicking on Blue curved arrows will rotate the view about Z axis.
Blue curved arrows
3.1.2 Creating Front ViewStep 5: Once the orientation of the view is set then click left bottom on the screen or on the blue circle at the center of the navigator to create the view.
Specificatio n tree
(in RED color)
(in BLUE color)
Step 5 Under Line for Front view in the tree show it is Active currently and hence View Frame for that view will appear in Red color as shown in First figure above. If the view is not active View Frame would appear in BLUE color and view name in the tree Will not underlined as shown in second figure above.
3.1 Part Drawing Creation3.1.3 Creating Projection View To create the projection view Activate the Main view from which projection view to Be created. Step:1 Activating the view: This can be done using two methods Method 1: By right clicking on the Main view in the tree or on the view frame and selecting the Activate View Method 2: By Double clicking left button on the view frame.
Before Activating (View frame in BLUE)
After Activating (view frame in Step:1 RED)
3.1 Part Drawing CreationStep 2: Creating the projection view: click on the icon from the view creation tool bar, same can be accessed by selecting Insert>Views>Projections>Projection Here the view creation depends on the position of mouse pointer. if the pointer is right side of the main view then Left side view (Left view ) will be created and if the pointer is left side of the main view then Right Side View will be crated and it will work similarly for Top and Bottom view. ( Here projection method is First angle projection.)
Left View Top view Right view
3.1 Part Drawing CreationStep 3: Once the view to be created is decided lift click on that position. Here left view is Created.
3.1 Part Drawing Creation3.1.4 Creating auxiliary view Auxiliary view is the project of main view at an angle. Step 1: Click on Step 2: Select Start point and End point of a callout line, then auxiliary view perpendicular to that line will be generated. viewing direction can be changed by moving the mouse pointer away from main view on either sides.
3.1 Part Drawing CreationOrientation of the auxiliary view Select the Start point and right click on the reference line catia will prompt the option shown in the figure below. Midpoint: Mid point of the Reference line will be selected as End point. Nearest End Point: Nearest end point of the Reference line will be selected as End point Parallel : callout line will be created parallel to the Reference line. For this option you can directly select the line. Perpendicular: callout line will be created perpendicular to the Reference line. Start Point
3.1 Part Drawing Creation3.1.5 Creating Isometric View Step 1 : Open the sample model and Select Isometric view , so that model will be in isometric view. Step 2 : Go to Drafting workbench, select the Insert Isometric view from either of the option shown.
3.1 Part Drawing Creation
Step 3 : Go to Part model and select the either of three plane, immediately it takes you to drafting workbench, here also we can change the orientation of the view, finally click on screen to create view.
3.1 Part Drawing Creation3.1.6 Creating Offset Section View and Aligned Section View Before creating Section view it is recommended that you tile the drawing and the part windows horizontally or vertically. - To tile the windows go to Windows>Tile Horizontally or Tile Vertically - To go back to single window double click on the either part or Drawing window.
3.1 Part Drawing Creation3.1.6 Creating Offset Section View and Aligned Section View Before selecting the section view option make sure that front view (parent view) is active. If required double click on the front views view frame which makes it active. Step 1: Select Offset Section View.
3.1 Part Drawing CreationStep 2: Select Point, edge (linear or curved) or axis to define the cutting profile on the view. As you select the second point, the section plane appears and moves dynamically on the 3D part while you define the profile on the drawing. To crate cutting profile double click at the end point.
If you select a circle, the profile will go through the circle center. If you select an edge, the profile will be parallel to the selected edge.
3.1 Part Drawing CreationStep 3: Double clicking at the end point will end the cutting profile creation. -Then select the direction of viewing by moving the cursor on either side of the parent view. -Finally click on the screen to generate the view.
3.1 Part Drawing CreationIn sectioning through irregular objects, it is often desirable to show several features that do not lie in a straight line by offsetting or bending the cutting plane as shown below. In other words offset section view is cutting the object by parallel planes. -Here keep selecting the point so the cutting profile passes through the features that you wanted to show and while selecting final point double click to end cutting profile creation. The final output after offsetting the cutting plane is as shown below.
3.1 Part Drawing CreationIn Aligned section view object is cut by using non parallel planes. To access the aligned section view click on small black pyramid just below the section view icon. Then the tool bar expands and open sub tool bar.
3.1 Part Drawing Creation3.1.7 Creating Offset Section Cut and Aligned Section Cut Offset/Aligned section cut view profile creation is similar to offset/Aligned section View. Difference will be in view generated. Which is shown below.
3.1 Part Drawing Creation3.1.8 Creating Detail View
Detail view : used to create detail view with circular callout.
Detail view profile: used to create user defined callout profile (non circular). Quick Detail view: used to create detail of broken views. For more details on Broken view refer section 3:1:10 Quick Detail view profile: used to create user defined callout profile.
3.1 Part Drawing Creation3.1.8 Creating Detail View Before creating detail view make sure that the view from which detail view to be created is active. Step 1: Click on Detail View in the Views toolbar (Details sub-toolbar). Step 2: Click where you want to position the callout center. Step 3: Drag the cursor to define the callout radius, radius value can be given in the box highlighted and click when you are satisfied. A dashed, blue circle appears at the position of the cursor. Shown in next slide.
3.1 Part Drawing CreationStep 4 : Move this circle to where you want to position the detail view, and click to generate the view. Scale of the view will be by default 2:1 it can be changed by accessing properties of view. i.e right click on the view and select properties and change scale.
3.1 Part Drawing CreationCreating Detail View profile Detail view profile will let you to define own profile other than circle. Step 1: click on the icon Step 2: create the callout profile as required. Step 3: click on the screen to generate the view.
3.1 Part Drawing CreationIf detail view is created from a view which contains broken view then it will not be Reflected in the detail view. In order to reflect the same we have to use Quick Detail View. After creation of Detail View the detail profiles can be modified by double clicking on the Profile, if Detail View is created by using Quick Detail View or Quick Detail view profile then profile can not be modified.
Detail view profile modificationDouble click on the profile. will take you profile modification mode Where you can modify or replace the Profile. After modifications click on to exit.
3.1 Part Drawing CreationQuick Detail View Procedure of creating the view is same as Detail view, but it is generally used when Parent view contains broken view.
Profile creation in Quick Detail view profile is similar to Detail view profile. So it is not explained here.
3.1 Part Drawing Creation3.1.9 Creating Clip viewClip View is partially generated view that shows only what is necessary in the clear description of the object. The difference between a clipping view and a detail view is that the clipping view replaces the primary view, when a detail view is created in addition.
Clip view. Clip view profile. Quick Clip view. Quick Clip view profile.The procedure of crating callout profile is similar to detail view. Clipping View command uses a boolean operator from the 3D whereas the Quick Clipping View command computes the view directly from the 2D projection. The representation is therefore different.
3.1 Part Drawing CreationStep 1: Click on clip view in the Views toolbar (Details sub-toolbar). Step 2: Click where you want to position the callout center. Step 3: Drag the cursor to define the callout radius, radius value can be given in the box highlighted and click when you are satisfied, immediately view will be clipped and features within the circle will only appear. The view generated by using Quick Clip is as shown in the figure.
3.1 Part Drawing CreationClip view profile and Quick Clip view profile are similar to Detail view profile so these are not covered here.
Once a clipping has been applied on a view, it is impossible to create detail views, breakout views and broken views from this view. Once a clipping has been applied on a section, detail or auxiliary view, modifying the section, detail or auxiliary view profile may lead to an update error if this modification places all of the generated geometry outside the clipping profile
3.1 Part Drawing Creation3.1.10 Creation of Broken and Brokeout view. Broken views are used to shorten elongated objects. Step 1 : Click Broken View in the Views toolbar. Step 2 : Select the first point at the first extremity. Green doted lines (vertical an Horizontal) will appear on the object.
3.1 Part Drawing CreationStep 3 : Select the respective line (vertical or horizontal) along which you want to create the Broken View. Here vertical line is selected to break the object along horizontal direction. Step 4 : select the second point at the other end up to which the object needs to be broken then click some where else on the screen. To create the Broken view.
3.1 Part Drawing CreationBreakout view.In Breakout view you will remove locally material from a generated view in order to visualize the remaining visible internal part. Step 1: Click the first point of the breakout profile. Click as many points as desired for creating the profile. If needed, double-click to end the profile creation and close this profile automatically. You can also click on the profile first point to close and end the profile creation. After closing the Profile 3D Viewer window will appear.
3.1 Part Drawing CreationStep 2: To position the cutting plane (or Depth definition) select the Reference element from Other view and give the depth value and click to generate the Breakout view. You can also crate the Breakout view by clicking without selecting the Reference element.
3.1 Part Drawing Creation3.1.11 Creating view using Wizard Step 1: click on Wizard icon view wizard dialog box will appear. Step 2: select the configuration of views to be created (it will create the view automatically based On the angle of project selected). Step 3: click on you can select some more views and finally select the
3.1 Part Drawing CreationStep 4: Then go to part model and select the part face or plane then automatically the selected configuration of view will be generated as shown.
3.1 Part Drawing CreationThe different configuration available in the wizard are as below.In our scenario, the ISO standard and the first angle projection method are used, and the following configurations are available: front view front, bottom and left rear view front, bottom and right top view front, top and left bottom view front, top and right left view projection and isometric right view projection, rear and isometric isometric view clear preview
3.2 creating dimensions and annotations3.2.1 Crating Axis hidden lines and Threads To create axis hidden lines and threads right click on the view from the tree or right Click on the view frame and select properties Select the check boxes Hidden lines, Axis, thread, centre lines to these elements then click . The view appears as below.
3.2 creating dimensions and annotations3.2.2 Crating Dimensions To crate the dimensions generally used option is Dimensions on dimension tool bar
If you open the sub tool bar by clicking on the black pyramid just below the icon it appears as below.
Step 1: Click on Dimensions Projected dimensions
tools pallet will appear on the screen Forced horizontal dimension Forced dimension along a direction True length dimension
Forced dimension on element Forced vertical dimension
Here by default either of the first two option will be selected if not select
3.2 creating dimensions and annotationsStep 2: select the element to which dimension to be created. If single line is selected then catia will create length of that line if two Parallel lines selected it will create distance between them and If tow lines at an angle are selected then automatically angle between then is created. Step 3: Length dimension created and it will move along with mouse pointer (with default settings) click left button to option the dimension.
3.2 creating dimensions and annotations
Distance between two lines
Angle between two lines
Diameter of circle
After creation of the dimensions you can change the potion of the dimension selecting the Dimension (left mouse button) and draging the dimension. Creation of forced Horizontal and vertical dimension
3.2 creating dimensions and annotationsCreation of forced Horizontal and vertical dimension Step 1: select the element to which horizontal or vertical dimension to be given Step 2: select the Forced Horizontal Dimension option same can be accessed from contextual menu (by right clicking).
3.2 creating dimensions and annotationsCreation of Forced dimension along a direction To create dimension along a direction select , tools pallet will expand and will give three Options
Dimension along a direction. Here first select the direction and then select the element To be dimensioned. Here dimension will be parallel to direction.
Dimension perpendicular to a direction. Here first select the direction and then select the element to be dimensioned. Here dimension will be perpendicular to direction.
Dimension along fixed angle in a view. Here keen in the angle value and select the line to be dimensioned, then the dimension of line (element) will at an angle defined.
3.2 creating dimensions and annotationsIntersection point detection Step 1: select Dimensions and use projected Forced projected dimension option
Step 2: select first element , Line. Then click on Intersection point Detection When mouse point near the intersection point of two line then catia will highlight the point as Shown then select the point to crate the dimension.
3.2 creating dimensions and annotationsDimensioning of a line and a circle or an arch of a circle (anchor Point selection) Step 1: select Dimensions and use projected Forced projected dimension option Step 2: Right click on the dimension (contextual menu) and select Extension Lines Anchor Select the Anchor 1, Anchor 2 or Anchor 3. Anchor 1 selecting this will give dimension between line and Far extreme point of circle. Anchor 2 selecting this will give dimension between line and Center of the circle. Anchor 3 selecting this will give dimension between line and Nearest extreme point of circle.
3.2 creating dimensions and annotationsCreating interruptions in the dimension line. Step 1: select Crete interruption(s) in dimension tool bar.
Click here to expand the tool bar.
Step 2: Select the dimension line to which interruption to be added, Tool pallet will appear. It gives option to crating interruption single side or both sides. Select second option to create both sides.
Step 3: Select the start and end point to create the interruption.
3.2 creating dimensions and annotationsRemove InterruptionStep 1: To remove the interruption click on Remove Interruption(s)
Step 2: Tools Pallet will appear with following option. Remove one interruption: Select dimension and click near the interruption on dimension Line. Remove interruptions on one side: Select dimension and click on the dimension line on Which interruptions to be removed. Remove all interruptions: Select the dimension it will remove all the interruptions on the Dimension lines.
3.2 creating dimensions and annotationsChanging the properties of Dimensions (size, arrow type etc) Right click on the Dimension and select properties>Properties dialog box will appear. Select the Value tab. - Here you can change the orientation of the value with reference to the dimension line - Show Dual value where you can represent Two value eg: both in Inches an mm for Single dimension. - Format: here you can select mm value with . or , as separator. -Fake dimension: by selecting this we create fake dimension both numeric and alpha numeric.
3.2 creating dimensions and annotations
To change tolerance representation select tolerance tab. To change the representation of dimension line select the Dimension Line tab. Similarly user should check different tabs to change the properties of dimensions.
3.2 creating dimensions and annotations3.2.3 Crating AnnotationsStep 1: Select Create text. Step 2: Click on the screen where you want place the text. Text editor window will Appear. Step 3: Type the text in the editor box and click
To change the position of the text select the test and drag it. And to edit the text double click on the text which is already created.
3.2 creating dimensions and annotationsAdding Leader to text. Step 1: To add leader right click on the text and select Add Leader from contextual menu. Step 2: click to create the anchor point of the leader. Here we are selecting the Holes in front view (circle) Step 1: To remove the leader select the text, a yellow anchor point will appear near the arrow. Step 2: Right click on the yellow anchor point. And select Remove Leader
3.2 creating dimensions and annotationsRemoving Leader to text.Step 1: To remove the leader select the text, a yellow anchor point will appear near the arrow. Step 2: Right click on the yellow anchor point. And select Remove Leader/Extremity
3.2 creating dimensions and annotationsCreating Text with Leader Step 1: Click on small pyramid to access the sub tool bar Text.
Step 2: select or click on the element where you want to crate the Anchor point. Step 3: Now click on the screen to place the text, Text editor box will appear. Step 4: Type the required text and click on
3.2 creating dimensions and annotationsInserting TableStep 1: Click on the icon Table Editor Box will appear. Step 2: Define the number of Rows and Columns and click Step 3: click on the screen to position the table. By default table will be generated in active View. Step 4: Editing table and inserting the Text in the cell. Double click on the table to edit the length and width of cells drag the lines highlighted and to insert the text. Further double click on the cells so that text editor dialog box will appear where you can type text and click ok.
3.3 Assembly Drawing Creation3.3.1 Opening a AssemblyStep 1: select File>Open> Select the assembly file to open. Step 2: Now select File>New>Drawing to start new drawing.
3.3 Assembly Drawing Creation3.3.2 Creating Section View Step 1: Create Front View, Top view and Isometric view. Step 2: Create section view from Front view. So that cutting plane passes through almost all the parts. The section view is as shown below.
3.3 Assembly Drawing CreationOverload Properties: Using this option we can change properties such as Line type, Line thickness, color, Visibility to cut section for individual components. Step 1: Right click on the Section view from the tree or on the view frame of the Section view. Characteristics Dialog box will appear.
3.3 Assembly Drawing CreationStep 2: Select individual component one by one from section view so that it gets added in the Characteristic Dialog box.
3.3 Assembly Drawing CreationStep 3: select the component from characteristics dialog box for which properties to be Changed and click on Edit, Editor dialog box will appear where you will have check boxes Cut in Section view: selecting this box will show section of the selected object. Represent with hidden lines: it will show the selected object in hidden lines. Use when projecting: the selected object will project in the view and if unchecked the selected Object will be removed from the view. Show: it will hide the selected object from the view and it will be available in No shown mode. And also you will have options to change color, line thickness and line type for the selected Object.
3.3 Assembly Drawing CreationFor our drawing we change the color of the Allen Screw to red and will represent it without cut. Step 4: uncheck the Cut in section View and change the color in Graphical properties to red as shown below click in editor box and click in characteristics dialog box to apply. Output is as shown in second figure.
3.3 Assembly Drawing Creation3.3.4 Generating BalloonsBefore creating the balloons the components in the product should be numbered to known more about it please refer Generate numbering in Assembly design workbench. As balloon numbers are generated from 3D. Balloons can created by manually (one by one) or by automatic generation. Step 1: select the Balloon option from Annotation tool bar. Step 2: Move the mouse pointer on the components in ISOMETRIC VIEW, the components Gets highlighted.
3.3 Assembly Drawing CreationStep 3: Click on the component to generate balloon (number is taken form 3D) and click on the screen then balloon creation dialog box will appear where you can also assign (change) the number to the component. Step 4: After assigning the number click to create. Repeat the same for other components in the view the final output will appear as below.
3.3 Assembly Drawing CreationAutomatic Balloon Generation: This potion accessed from Insert>Generation>Balloon Generation or From the Dimension Generation tool bar. Step 1: Before selecting this option activate the view in which balloons are to be generated. Step 2: Click on the Balloon option Step 3: immediately after clicking on the balloon command balloons will be generated in the Active view. Balloon numbers are generated from 3D reference but we can change the number By double clicking on the balloons.
3.3 Assembly Drawing CreationGenerate Bill of material: This potion accessed from Insert>Generation>Bill of Material With this option you can generate the bill of material if the active view has link with product. If the active view has no link with a product, a message will appear, letting you know whether you can insert the Bill of Material. Step 1: Select the Bill of Material option Step 2: click on the screen to create the table.
Step 1 Step 2
3.3 Assembly Drawing CreationInsert Bill of Material in Background. Step 1: Edit>Sheet Background to enter background Step 2: select Insert>Drawing>Bill of Material Step 3: Select Window>select the product file which will you take product (3D)
3.3 Assembly Drawing CreationStep 4: select the main assembly from the tree which will immediately take you to drawing Step 5: click on the screen to position the Bill of Material. Step 6: Select Edit>Working view to go back.