e3 det animals and insects definitions evu45

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Unit 45 Animals and insects

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  • 1. Unit 45 Animals and insects
  • 2. A. Pets and farm animals
  • 3. Pets
  • 4. a small animal with fur, four legs, a tail and claws, usually kept as a pet or for catching mice, or any member of the group of similar animals such as the lion
  • 5. a cat Dogs, cats and horses can be microchipped. Sound : miaow/purr. He-cat or she-cat.Young one : a kitten./A pedigree cat./Neutering (spaying or castrating).Kattebak : litter box. Krabpaal : scratching post/A cat bed/a cat basket/A pet leash. Mijn kat is loops : My cat is in heat. Deworm your cat.
  • 6. a common animal with four legs, especially kept by people as a pet or to hunt or guard things
  • 7. a dog Sound : bark. 800 dog breeds./A mixed- breed dog or mongrel or mutt./A litter : a group of offspring./Young one : a pup/a puppy. Neutering (spaying females and castrating males) refers to the sterilization of animals . Male dog/Female dog. post/A dog bed/a dog basket/A pet leash
  • 8. a small mammal with short fur, a pointed face, and a long tail
  • 9. a mouse/two mice Sound : squeak
  • 10. a small animal with long ears and large front teeth, which moves by jumping on its long back legs
  • 11. a rabbit
  • 12. a small, shiny, gold or orange fish which is often kept as a pet in a bowl or garden pool
  • 13. a goldfish/two goldfish bowl
  • 14. Farm animals
  • 15. a type of bird kept on a farm for its eggs or its meat, or the meat of this bird which is cooked and eaten
  • 16. a chicken Sound : cackle .Female : hen Male : rooster or cock, young male : cockerel Young : chick
  • 17. a large female farm animal kept to produce meat and milk
  • 18. a cow Sound : Female : cow/Male : bull (castrated : ox) Young : calf Meat : beef/veal. Dairy cow. vee : cattle.
  • 19. an animal which is related to sheep, which usually has horns, and which lives wild on mountains or is kept on farms to provide milk, meat, wool, etc
  • 20. a goat sound : bleat
  • 21. a large animal with four legs which people ride on or use for carrying things or pulling vehicles
  • 22. a horse Male horse : a stallion. Female horse : a mare. Young horse : a foal.
  • 23. a large pink, brown or black farm animal with short legs and a curved tail, kept for its meat
  • 24. a pig Female pig : a sow Male pig : a boar. Young pig : piglet, suckling.
  • 25. a farm animal with thick wool, that eats grass and is kept for its wool, skin and meat
  • 26. a sheep/two sheep Sound : bleat Male sheep : ram, buck Female sheep : ewe. Young one : lamb. Meat : young : lamb/old : mutton
  • 27. B. Wild animals
  • 28. a large, strong wild mammal with a thick fur coat that lives especially in colder parts of Europe, Asia and North America
  • 29. a bear
  • 30. a large animal with a long neck, that lives in the desert and has one or two humps (= large raised areas of flesh) on its back
  • 31. a camel
  • 32. a very large grey mammal which has a trunk (= long nose) with which it can pick things up
  • 33. an elephant
  • 34. a large African animal with a very long neck and long legs
  • 35. a giraffe
  • 36. a large ape that comes from western Africa
  • 37. a gorilla
  • 38. a large wild cat that has yellow fur with black spots on it and lives in Africa and southern Asia
  • 39. a leopard
  • 40. a large wild animal of the cat family with yellowish brown fur which lives in Africa and southern Asia
  • 41. a lion Sound : roar
  • 42. an animal that lives in hot countries, has a long tail and climbs trees. They are primates (= the group of animals which are most like humans
  • 43. a monkey
  • 44. a large wild animal of the cat family with yellowish orange fur with black lines which lives in parts of Asia
  • 45. a tiger
  • 46. an African wild animal which looks like a horse, and which has black or brown and white lines on its body
  • 47. a zebra
  • 48. C. Insects
  • 49. a very small insect which lives under the ground in large and well-organized social groups
  • 50. an ant
  • 51. a yellow and black flying insect which makes honey and can sting you
  • 52. a bee Sound : buzz Produces honey
  • 53. a type of insect with large often brightly coloured wings
  • 54. a butterfly
  • 55. a small insect with two wings
  • 56. a fly
  • 57. a small flying insect that bites people and animals, and sucks their blood
  • 58. a mosquito
  • 59. a small creature similar to an insect with eight thin legs which catches other insects in a web (= a net made from sticky threads)
  • 60. a spider It makes a web.
  • 61. D. In the water, in the air and on the ground
  • 62. In the water
  • 63. a very large sea mammal that breathes air through a hole at the top of its head
  • 64. a dolphin
  • 65. a sea mammal that is large, smooth and grey, with a long pointed mouth
  • 66. a whale
  • 67. In the air
  • 68. a large strong bird with a curved beak which eats meat and can see very well
  • 69. an eagle
  • 70. On the ground
  • 71. a small creature with a soft wet body and a round shell, that moves very slowly and often eats garden plants
  • 72. a snail
  • 73. a reptile with a long cylindrical body and no legs
  • 74. a snake Sound : hiss