editing and film history

Download Editing and Film History

Post on 03-Apr-2018

226 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • 7/28/2019 Editing and Film History

    1/13

    EDITING AND FILM

    HISTORY

  • 7/28/2019 Editing and Film History

    2/13

    LUMIERE BROTHERS

    in 1895 the Lumiere Brothers invented Cinematographe.

    Cinematographe was a three in one device that

    recorded, captured and projected motion picture

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4nj0vEO4Q6s

  • 7/28/2019 Editing and Film History

    3/13

    EDWIN S. PORTER

    AfterLumieres great invention Edwin S. Portercame along and showed that film didnt have tobe one long still in 1901. Edwin S. Porter also used

    footage to tell a different story unrelated to whatthe footage originally was meant to portray.

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p4C0gJ7BnLc

  • 7/28/2019 Editing and Film History

    4/13

    GRIFFITHS FILM

    . In 1908 D.W Griffiths film For Love of Goldfeatured the first ever continuity cut. Griffiths thenrealised that emotions could also be portrayed

    through different camera angles and pace ofediting and it wasnt all down to the actors. Griffithswas given credit for the narrative of a film, theproduction of the first American feature film and thediscovery of the close up. This is his first directed one

    reel film...

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cYQCTEYjYDA

  • 7/28/2019 Editing and Film History

    5/13

  • 7/28/2019 Editing and Film History

    6/13

    SOUND

    The 1927 U.S. film The Jazz Singerintroduced sound tomovies, revolutionizing the industry worldwide. Genresrequiring witty or action-oriented dialogue, such asgangster movies and screwball comedies, gained

    primacy, as did extravagant musicals. The Americanstudios, including Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Paramount,and Warner Bros., honed a "studio system" thatproduced a steady stream of films and stars forDepression-era audiences seeking escape. Americanstars of the period included James Cagney, Bette Davis,Clark Gable, Cary Grant, and Katharine Hepburn. Thesystem reached its apex in 1939, with dozens of now-classic films, including the Civil War epic Gone With theWind (1939).

  • 7/28/2019 Editing and Film History

    7/13

    CREATING MEANING THROUGH

    COLLAGE TEMPO AND TIMING

    Joining images is a type of editing form in which,several clips are joined together to create meaning,like a montage,Alfred Hitchcock was one of the

    first to use this editing style in this sequence, ofPsycho to create tension and make what aboring scene would be more exciting.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nvPqSRLO5Ms

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nvPqSRLO5Mshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nvPqSRLO5Ms
  • 7/28/2019 Editing and Film History

    8/13

  • 7/28/2019 Editing and Film History

    9/13

    FADES

    Fades normally fade into black or white beforeactually going to the next seen. They rarely occur in

    modern day cinema but when they do it is tocreate a clear transition into memory, fantasy,dreams, flashback or flash forward

  • 7/28/2019 Editing and Film History

    10/13

    STORY- CENTRED EDITING AND THE

    CONSTRUCTION OF MEANING

    Editing and spaces have to do with closeness of theshots, for example if scene in a film were consistingof a conversation between two friends talking in a

    small room, the shots they would be cuttingbetween would mostly be close-ups and mediumshots, this is to emphasise the small space andcloseness between the characters. In the openingchase scene of James Bond Casino Royale the

    shots that are used are mostly long shots, extremeshots and birds-eye-views, these shots create theillusion of wide open space.

  • 7/28/2019 Editing and Film History

    11/13

    Films like Fight Club and Limitless are the perfectexample of media res, which is a type of narrativethat doesnt follow the traditional conventions of a

    normal film narrative of beginning, middle and end.All of this had to do with a linear or none linearediting arrangement of events, the arrangement ofevents. The arrangements of events can be alteredfrom the traditional linear order for the reason that;

    it adds mystery and a sense of wonder to the filmand also the film makes more sense this way

  • 7/28/2019 Editing and Film History

    12/13

    Cutaways are usually used when there is aconversation between people and a differentsituation is happening in the same scene and

    moment, this allows the audience to receive twosets of information at once. Cutaways are used tolink inanimate objects or scenery with the currentsituation of mind. Cutaways are used very often inthe movie U-Turn by Oliver Stone

  • 7/28/2019 Editing and Film History

    13/13

    One key characteristic of soviet montage movies isthe moderation of individual characters in the

    centre of attention. Single characters are exposedas members of different social classes and arerepresenting a general category of people or class.Soviet montage is important as it conveys variety incharacters and separates them, allowing the

    audience to tell apart the importance of eachcharacters role in the film.