eu fight against food fraud - etusivu - evira fight against food fraud eu fight against food fraud...

of 21 /21
Slides with EU logo borrowed from DG SANTE, Unit G5 Presentation to Nordic Food Control Conference, Helsinki, 7-8 February 2017 Keren Bar-Yaacov, FFCP Norway Norwegian Food Safety Authority EU fight against Food Fraud

Upload: trinhnga

Post on 17-Mar-2018

218 views

Category:

Documents


2 download

TRANSCRIPT

Page 1: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

Slides with EU logo borrowed from DG SANTE, Unit G5Presentation to Nordic Food Control Conference, Helsinki, 7-8 February 2017Keren Bar-Yaacov, FFCP NorwayNorwegian Food Safety Authority

EU fight against Food Fraud

Page 2: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

EU fight against Food Fraud

Background

The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal

The next steps

Page 3: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

Food fraud is not new(s)!

“If you please, Sir, Mother says, will you let her have a quarter of a pound of your best tea to kill the rats with, and a ounce of chocolate as would get rid of the black beetles?” Punch, 14 August 1855

Page 4: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

Undeclared horse meat in beef products

From local crooks to organised crime

Page 5: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

Response to the horse meat scandal

• Increase cooperation between and within Member States• Improve knowledge and competence to fight against food fraud • Reinforce the legal framework

EC priorities and measures to reinforce the fight against food fraud:

¼ of the horse meat scandal in a graphic presentation!

Page 6: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

What is FOOD FRAUD ?

1. Violation of EU Food Law

2. Intention

3. Economic Gain

4. Customer Deception

Page 7: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

ONGOING ACTIONS (1/2)

The EUROPEAN FOOD FRAUD NETWORK

to facilitate exchanges of information between Member States. Since November 2015 the network is supported

by a dedicated IT system (AAC)

EU-WIDE COORDINATED CONTROL PLANS

In 2015, two coordinated control plans targeted to honey and fish. They provided information on the nature and scale of frauds for these commodities.

Page 8: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

ONGOING ACTIONS (2/2)

BTSF (Better Training for Safer Food)

Five specific workshops per year dedicated to food fraud: eCommerce and Investigation Techniques

Revised OCR Regulation

Proposal including the establishment of EU Reference Centres for food authenticity and Scope for the IT

system (Food Fraud): Animal Health, Animal Welfare, Plant Health

These initiatives have been welcomed by Member States, MEPs, consumer organisations and industry

Page 9: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

The Food Fraud Network

• Members: Food fraud contact points (FFCPs) appointed by competent authorities as per Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 on official controls.

• Aim: • Facilitate administrative assistance and cooperation in the case

of suspicion of fraud with a transborder element

• Facilitate cooperation between the EC and MS as well as the tasks of coordination of the EC

• Learn from each other

• Advantage: rapid exchange of information

Page 10: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

The Administrative Assistance and

Cooperation SYSTEM (IT application)

LAUNCHED IN NOVEMBER 2015 after development by SANTE.A4

FACILITATE COMPLIANCE WITH Administrative Assistance and Cooperation (AAC) OBLIGATIONS (REG. 882/2004)

ONE INSTANCE COVERS FOR CASES OF SUSPICION OF FRAUD

ANOTHER INSTANCE COVERS NON-COMPLIANCE CASES

BETTER INTEGRATION FORESEEN WITH OTHER IT SYSTEMS, E.G. RASFF, TRACES, OFIS

Page 11: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

INFORMATION FLOW

11

iRASFF

AAC (AA)

AAC (FF)

RASFF Network

Member State AAC Liaison

Bodies

Food Fraud Network

Information(fact)

Each case or notification has one or more contexts:•Health risk (iRASFF)•Non-Compliances (AAC-AA)•Food Fraud suspicion (AAC-FF)

Users see cases and notification (or part of them) according to the context.

Page 12: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

300 CASES EXCHANGED VIA THE NETWORK

*category introduced with the AAC

**category suppressed with the AAC or merged with other categories

Page 13: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

Intelligence

TRUST

Expertise/Enforcement

The EU Food Fraud Network

Investigative legalpowers

A COOPERATIVE APPROACH

Member States

Interpol

Page 14: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

EU policy cycle to disrupt the activity of organised crime groups

• Funded by the Commission (DG Migration and Home Affairs).

• Operational actions lead by Europol. • The goal is to ensure effective cooperation

between national law enforcement agencies, EU institutions, EU Agencies and other relevant partners in the fight against serious and organized crime.

• One of the priorities is to disrupt OCGs involved in the production and distribution of counterfeit goods violating health, safety and food regulations and those producing sub-standard goods.

• Annual plans for field operations and training activities.• OPSON is an annual time limited action to seize counterfeit food and

drink at the borders partially funded through this cooperation.

EU police and customs cooperation

Page 15: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

Coordinated control plans

• Ad-hoc and time-limited

• Aim: better understand the extent of fraud in certain sectors

• Harmonized sampling method and analysis

• 2 x horse meat in 100% beef labelled goods (2013 and 2014)

• White fish species substitution (2015)

• Honey authenticity (2015 – 2016)

The EC may propose coordinated control plans at EU level Regulation (EC) No 882/2004, article 53

Page 16: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

Funding R&D

• The Food Integrity Project.

• Financed by the 7th Framework Programme 12 M € (Coordination Fera, UK).

• Harmonise and exploit research and technology to ensure food integrity.

• Industry, academia, research institutions, technology providers, global network of stakeholders.

Page 17: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

Capacity building – train the trainer

• Better Training for Safer Food (BTSF)• Two new modules on new investigation techniques for official

controls along the food chain started in 2014.

• Course on investigation techniques to detect food fraud.

• Course on e-commerce in food, i.e. sales of food and food products on the internet.

• E-commerce advanced course started in 2016.

• An important innovation – participants include police and customs officers.

Page 18: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

New official Controls Regulation

• Regular unannounced official controls directed at identifying intentional violations (fraud) (Article 8(2))

• Mandatory (instead of recommended) EU coordinated control plans (e.g. horse meat like cases) (Article 111(a))

• Sufficiently dissuasive financial penalties in case of intentional violations (balancing out the gain expected from the violation) (Article 136(2))

• EU reference centre for food authenticity (art 161)

Page 19: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

• Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 on food information to consumers (FIC)

• Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 on Common organisation of the markets in agricultural products

• Regulation (EU) No 1379/2013 on Common organisation of the markets in fishery and aquaculture products

• Council Directive 2001/110/EC relating to honey

• Regulations (EC) No 834/2007 and 889/2008 on organic production and labelling of organic products

Other relevant legislation

Page 20: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

The next steps

• Further adaptation and integration of the notification systems, including adaptation for e-commerce cases.

• Development of EC coordination of cases.• Coordinated control action related to e-commerce.• Appointment of EU reference centre for food

authenticity.• Continue to strengthen ties with police and customs;

possible Joint Investigation Teams (JIT) on concrete cases.

Page 21: EU fight against Food Fraud - Etusivu - Evira fight against Food Fraud EU fight against Food Fraud Background The European Commission initiatives following the horse meat scandal The

Takk for oppmerksomheten!Tak for din opmærksomhed!Tack för din uppmärksamhet!

Kiitos huomiota!Takk fyrir athygli þína!