evaluation of the integrated participatory arts programme in north warwickshire dr glenn williams,...
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Evaluation of the Integrated Participatory Arts Programme in North Warwickshire Dr Glenn Williams, Senior Lecturer in Psychology Warwickshire Arts and Health Network Event 8 th November 2012 Slide 2 2 Participation in Artistic and Creative Activities: Impacts on Health and Well-Being Review by Staricoff (2004) of 385 studies Benefits of the arts for health for: Health and health care delivery Promoting good health and reducing impact of ill-health However, literature mainly focuses on impact of music Limited research into impact of multiple art forms on health and well-being Review into of evidence on effects of arts participation on mental health (Walford, 2010): Small-scale studies (e.g. Eades & Ager, 2008; Hacking et al, 2008) and over two time points) Slide 3 Recap on Main Findings from 12-Week Pilot Programme Quantitative Trends Mental Ill-Health symptoms significantly reduced from weeks 1 to 12 (as measured by GHQ-12) Quality of life for mental health significant increase (as measured by SF-12) For the full report, see: http://tinyurl.com/buxjqtq Qualitative Findings Themes from the perceptions of stakeholders (participants, artists, link coordinators, service providers) include: Positive impact on well-being Labelling of the Programme Perceptions of support from service providers Dynamics of being inclusive and participative Difficulties with the evaluation Making transition from the Pilot to the Drop-in Sessions Slide 4 Evaluation of the Integrated Programme Interviews with 9 participants (4 of whom were pilot project participants) and 4 artists and link-coordinators Total interview time =357 minutes Min. and Max. interview times were 8 mins. and 41 mins. respectively. Average interview length = 27.46 mins. (Std. Deviation = 9.84) Diary data from artists and link-coordinators (i.e. sessions 11-32, sessions 35-38, sessions 44-56). Diary data related to sessions using a variety of art forms including mono-printing, stone painting, group production of music, claywork, pinhole photography, Russian dolls. Used qualitative methods (i.e. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis; IPA) for interviews and searched for general themes from diaries 4 Slide 5 Evaluation of the Integrated Programme Beyond the Pilot Programme Main themes from the data: Group dynamics Barriers to taking part Benefits of participation Creating an environment to flourish Slide 6 Group Dynamics You felt that community spirit Its companionship I didnt enjoy really making the doll. Thats not my thing. I wouldnt particularly want to do it again. But I probably would do it again, because I found youre chatting when youre doing it. And people are discussing oh, why dont you do this and before you know it its amazing how quickly the time goes when you are here Well, it gets you to mix with different people It gives you a sense of belonging Slide 7 Barriers to Taking Part Not knowing too much before attending session: I thought No, if they start running through different things [that will be covered in the session]. Ill be thinking I cant do that and I cant do that. Ill just turn up and take it from there. Perceptions of not being arty: Ive got things out of it. Ive done things I wouldnt have done before, because Im not arty and Ive always fancied drawing, but I havent got the talent for it. Slide 8 Benefits of Participation Well, its something to look forward to, you know. If you look after someone who has dementia, its quite demanding. Its somewhere to go, its a routine. Itssome people probably the only thing they do in a week errm its coming out its mixing socially, its getting confidence in the fact that you do have certain amount of skills, social skills, errm, being somewhere at a certain time, I think the list [of benefits] is huge really You cant under-estimate the benefits that people get from coming to something that might only be once a week but that once a week is enough to keep you going for a bit longer if youre struggling with mental health problems certainly. Slide 9 Creating an Environment to Flourish They can comment about it [the participants creations]. They are not judged on it For me it was helpful that I didnt know [what was going to be done] before I came. I dont mind once youre here and youve broken the ice Its trying different skills, trying different skills that you wouldnt normally do Can still talk about problems during sessions: It doesnt dominate the conversation. If you see what I mean Slide 10 Diary Data Attendance: Session attendance ranged from 10 (in August) to 33 (in May) participants. Average of 18 participants (Std. Deviation = 5.06) with increasing numbers of participants towards the end of the diary data period with 33, 25, 38, 23, 28 participants in the final five sessions sampled (May-June 2012). Themes: Life-lines Community building Improvements Skills-building Stepping stones 10 Slide 11 Themes illustrated Life-lines: Everyone is delighted with the news that our workshops can continue well into the year with people often saying how much theyd miss the chance to try out something new and to meet other people. For some, our sessions are like a life line for them and the only thing they feel comfortable participating in, where there is no pressure and everyones achievements are celebrated. (15.12.11) Stepping stones: One regular participant will be leaving our group soon to take on a temporary full-time position. She wanted to thank us for our help and says that, without the work shops, she doesnt feel she would have been able to apply and secure this position, her first for some time. 11 Slide 12 More Themes Improvements: One participant said today that coming here has been a life-changing experience for her. Whereas before, she hardly went out and had very little confidence, now she really enjoys coming here every week, has started writing poetry and attending other arts and craft sessions locally. This is something we are seeing quite often with people who attend regularly. Community Building: The group seems to have formed now with a core of regular attendees, others who come and go and some who stay for one or a few weeks and never return. Others have found employment or are attending other groups, but still return to visit when possible which is always a joy and gives everyone a chance to catch up. and Skills-building: It has struck me how much more independently people are working. One participant sorted out the refreshments as I was busy elsewhere. Over the past four weeks, participants have learned the basictechniques and subsequently now have the knowledge to carry out all the processes. 12 Slide 13 Additional Quotes It has been truly impressive. It has got me out of the house, interested in life and trying to do new things. I have met and spoken to new people and started to want to enjoy life instead of just trying to cope. I only had a chance to attend a couple of sessions but I was so proud of what I achieved when I tried basket weaving for the first time. Everyone was so friendly and welcoming. I loved learning different styles of art. It has a lovely atmosphere in the classes. I havent got a favourite. I enjoyed everything. Ive only been cominga short time. Im really enjoying it. Theres such a variety of things to do. People are lovely and friendly. Theres always something new to learn. also lots of tea and chat. Ive enjoyed being creative and learning new things at a time I thought I couldnt be. Ive enjoyed trying out different crafts, particularly screen printing, pottery and willow weaving. Its been great meeting other people and making new friends. 13 Slide 14 Acknowledgements With thanks for funding the evaluation: Transcription and analysis support from Anya Biggins and George Cottee, Research Assistants, NTU 14