events of wwi. 3 important battle sites the somme verdun ypres
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Events of WWI
3 Important Battle Sites
The SommeOn 1st July, 1916, after a week of
artillery bombardment the British launched the now infamous "Big Push" attack across the river Somme. They intended to breakthrough the German defenses in a matter of hours. The battle however, lasted four months.
The Lochnagar Crater
The SommeThe troops marched in uniform
lines towards the enemy across no-man's land. The failure of the artillery bombardment to dislodge much of the German barbed wire, or to destroy machine-gun posts, led to one of the biggest slaughters in military history.
The Battle of the SommeWhen the attack began the
Germans dragged themselves out of their dugouts, manned their posts and destroyed the oncoming waves of British infantry.
The SommeWhen the offensive was
eventually called off the British were still 3 miles short of their objectives.
The Battle of the SommeTotal losses on the Allied side
numbered 419,654 with German casualties between 450,000 and 680,000.
First Aid Post Somme
The Battle of Verdun was a ten month long ordeal between the French and German armies.
VerdunThe battle was
part of an unsuccessful German campaign to take the offensive on the western front.
VerdunBoth the French
and German armies suffered with an estimated 540,000 French and 430,000 German casualties and no strategic advantages were gained for either side.
VerdunThe Battle of Verdun
is considered one of the most brutal events of World War I, and is remembered as the "battlefield with the highest density of dead per square yard.”
VerdunThe German attack began on February 21, 1916
with an intense artillery bombardment of the forts surrounding Verdun.
VerdunAlthough three French forts near Verdun had
fallen to German forces, Verdun itself remained undefeated. The Germans were eventually removed from the three forts.
YpresThere were three significant battles fought
around Ypres during the War.
YpresYpres is notable for the first use of poison gas by
YpresThe Battle of Passchendaele, one of the most
famous of WWI, was fought here for four months.
YpresBy the time the offensive was called off total
casualties for both sides had been approximately 250,000.
YpresOne of the central objectives, the village
of Passchendaele (taken on November 6 by Canadians), lent its name to the whole conflict.