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  • 1.1/6/2013Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden Extraordinary Scents Native Plant Scents forPotpourri and More C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake CSUDH & Madrona Marsh PreserveMadrona Marsh PreserveMay 5 & 8, 2012Gardening with Western L.A. County Native PlantsProject SOUND 2012 (our 8th year) Project SOUND Project SOUND Do you ever wish you knew more about how to use your native plants?http://www.sepulvedabasinwildlife.org/vegemanage.htmlSmell is a potent wizard that transports us across athousand miles and all the years we have lived. - Helen Keller Project SOUND Project SOUND1

2. 1/6/2013Smell is our most primitive sense Floral scent is often the most powerfully sensual experience in the garden Memories recalled by smells The scent-sensing part of often feel more vivid and the brain is very ancient emotional than those associated with sights, Floral memories can last a sounds and tastes.lifetime and are among the strongest memories Unlike the other sense organs, the nose sends Not all people experience information directly to the the same scent in the same limbic system, a primitiveway: part of the brain concerned Biologic differences with memory and emotion.http://www.altmd.com/Articles/Aromatherapy--Encyclopedia-of-Alternative-Medicinedifferent receptors The memories thatparticular scents evoke Project SOUND Project SOUNDDespite their complexity, plant scents can be asThe experience of scent is individualistic recognizable as their other attributes Yet some scents have been The human nose is capable ofpurported to cause certain recognizing 10,000 scents.effects for a long time and in many different Scent in plants comes fromcultures: volatile oils found in the glands of flowers, leaves, Lavender calming branches, seeds, bark, and, in Mint energizing some cases, roots. Sage can reduce mentalfatigue, stress and mental More than 3,000 chemically exhaustion. different oils have been identified from at least Is there a chemical basis eighty-seven families offor these effects? plants.http://www.allure.com/beauty-trends/blogs/daily-beauty-reporter/2011/10/the-floral-fragrance-note-both-you-and-he-will-love.html Project SOUND Project SOUND2 3. 1/6/2013Practitioners of aromatherapy say yesTraditional Simple Hanging herbsmethods of using Simmering herbs An aromatherapy garden focuses on the scents of the plants scented foliage Scented wood for drawersand flowers in it. The scents are the basis for the essential Bath teasoils used in aromatherapy. Hand rubs Essential oils are volatile (from the Latin volare, meaning to Slightly more complexfly), which means they evaporate at or above room Smudge stickstemperature. Sachets/scent pillows Heat releases the fragrance of the oils (essentially the Bath saltsplants perfume or flavor), hence the more noticeable Potpourri/infusersfragrances generated by a walk through a summer garden. In Infused oils for massagethe winter these fragrances are less noticeable as the coolerair prevents easy evaporation of the oils from plants. Scents/flavors/oils Hydrosols and essential oils A scentless garden would have amazed the ancient Greeks, SoapsRomans, Persians even the Victorians! Candles Perfumes Project SOUND Project SOUNDCA native essential oils and other products * Incense Cedar Calocedrus decurrens commonly available for purchase Salvia apiana Salvia mellifera Achillea millefolia Balsam fir Juniperhttp://www.artisan-aromatics.com/sunshop/catalog/artisan-essential-oils-/yarrow--milfoil-62.html Bay Laurel Monterey Cypress Incense Cedarhttp://www.wildrootbotanicals.com/html/essential_stan.htmlJ.S. Peterson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database Project SOUND Project SOUND3 4. 1/6/2013* Incense Cedar Calocedrus decurrens Incense Cedar: a true N. American Cedar Size: Montane forests from Commonly 40 to 70 ft. with ageOregon south through may be much tallerCalifornia to northern Baja 10-25+ ft wideCalifornia, Mexico and east Growth rate fast up to 20 ft.to western Nevada Locally in San Gabriel Mtns. Growth form: Woody tree On mesic sites including Can live 500+ years http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?157,158,159riparian habitats in mixed-evergreen, yellow-pine J.S. Peterson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database Bark thick, furrowed, cinnamon- brown later grayforests, 2000-7000 feet Foliage: Bright green; in flattened sprays of scale-like leaves Very aromatic Roots: taproots and shallow laterals 2005 Steven Perkins Project SOUND Project SOUNDSusan McDougall @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database Flowers are unusualIncense Cedar: Soils:not demanding Texture: likes a deep, well-drainedloam takes most Blooms: winter/spring pH: any local wide range (5.5-8.0) Flowers: Light: full sun to part-shade Separate male an female cones (on same tree) Water: Female cones urn-shaped Winter: good, deep water small but noticeable Summer: amazingly droughttolerant; good in Water Zone 2 once Seeds: established Take 1 year to develop Female cones split open Fertilizer: very tolerant (decorative) releasing seeds Other: likes an organic mulch Vegetative reproduction: Does well in a wide range of Tip-propagate from current years growth in fallconditions 2010 Ryan GilmoreCharles Webber California Academy of Sciences Project SOUND Project SOUND4 5. 1/6/2013 Incense Cedar is a Human uses of Incense Cedar magnificent tree Flavoring Good choice for evergreen tree in Leaves used to flavor acorn meallarge yards, parks, business parks, Medicinalschools & other large areas Leaves decocted to treat stomachailments Used as a large screen Foliage steamed to treat nasalcongestion and colds Other Wood used for shelters by nativeCalifornians Wood still used as insect-resistantlumber, fence posts, railroad ties,venetian blinds, greenhouse benches,siding, decking, cedar chests, pencils 2012 Daniel Passariniand shingles. Roots and bark used for basket-making Project SOUND Project SOUNDhttp://shriverfarms.com/default.aspx http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calocedrus_decurrens http://www.panoramio.com/photo/37860873 Monterey Cypress -Why do cedars & junipers have unique,Cupressus macrocarpaearthy or woodsy scents Cedar oil (cedarwood oil; Cypress oil) is anessential oil derived from the foliage, andsometimes the wood and roots, of varioustypes of conifers, most in the pine or cypressbotanical families. The most important cedar oils are producedfrom distilling wood of junipers and cypresses(Juniperus and Cupressus spp. - familyCupressaceae), rather than true cedars(Cedrus spp., of the family Pinaceae). Similar oils are distilled, pressed or chemicallyextracted in small quantities from wood, roots http://www.hardtofinditems.com/cedar-oil-32oz.html and leaves from plants of the generaCalocedrus.Citriodora Project SOUND Project SOUND 5 6. 1/6/2013Essential oils are volatile, natural, complexWhat makes up the scent of Cedar? What are compounds characterized by a strong odor and are formed by aromatic plants as essential oils? secondary metabolites. The main components ofChemically, essential oils are very complexcypress oil are a-pinene,natural mixtures which can contain aboutcamphene, sabinene, b-pinene,2060 components at quite differentd-3carene, myrcene, a- concentrations. They are characterized byterpinene, terpinolene, linalool,23 major components at fairly highbornyl acetate, cedrol and concentrations (2070%), compared to other components present in tracecadinene amounts. The main components ofGenerally, these major componentsIncense Cedar oil are: -3-determine the biological properties of thecarene, limonene, -pinene,essential oil. The components include twoterpinolene, -fenchyl acetate,groups with different biosyntheticalwith some cedrol.origins: the main group is composed of terpenes, and the other of aromatic and aliphatic constituents, all characterized by their low molecular weight. Project SOUND Project SOUND Various essential oils have been usedEssential oils medicinally at different periods in history.The distillation process: the most common Medical applications proposed by those who method for extracting essential oils sell medicinal oils range from skin treatments to remedies for cancer, and often are based solely on historical accounts of use of essential oils for these purposes. Claims for the efficacy of medical treatments and treatment of cancers in particular, are now subject to regulation in most countries. Interest in essential oils has revived in recent decades with the popularity of aromatherapy, a branch of alternative medicine that claims that essential oils and other aromatic compounds have curative effects. Oils are volatilized or diluted in a carrier oil and used in massage, diffused in the air by a nebulizer, heated over a candlehttp://www.baldwins.co.uk/blog/2011/07/how-is-essential-oils-produced/ flame, or burned as incense. Project SOUND Project SOUND6 7. 1/6/2013 Hydrosols and Floral Waters An organic compound (a monoterpene) alpha-Pinene Contains a reactive four-membered Made by distilling the whole plant; ring; very reactive. contain not only essential oils, but Found in the oils of many species of many other water soluble components many coniferous trees, notably the pine. It is also found in the essential More true to the essence of the plant oil of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis and a more complete representation of it, chemically. Known for its growth-inhibitory activity. -pinene inhibits early root Contain the same medicinal properties growth and causes oxidative damage in as the essential oils, but not as root tissue through enhanced concentrated, so it can be used ingeneration of ROS, as indicated by more applications.disruption of membrane integrity and elevated antioxidant enzyme levels. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:(1S)- (%E2%88%92)-alpha-pinene-from-xtal-3D- balls.png Can be used as a facial toner/cleanser, In the atmosphere alpha-pinene perfume, deodorant or room freshener unde