felicity oswald-nicholls

Resilience from 2004 to 2014: A UK perspective Felicity Oswald-Nicholls Deputy Director, Civil Contingencies Secretariat, Cabinet Office, UK


This is a presentation by Felicity Oswald-Nicholls at the RUSI Resilience Conference 2014.


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Resilience from 2004 to 2014:

A UK perspective A UK perspective

Felicity Oswald-NichollsDeputy Director, Civil Contingencies Secretariat, Cabinet Office, UK

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What does resilience mean in the UK context?

How has our understanding evolved?

What is ‘good’ in terms of resilience?

What does the future look like for resilience?

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Civil Contingencies Act 2004

Civil Contingencies Act 2004

Part 1 – Local Arrangements

Part 2 – Emergency Powers

Statutory Guidance - Emergency


Non-Statutory Guidance -

Emergency Response &


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Our five Rs of resilience (2011)

British Standard for Organizational Resilience (BS65000) (2014): “the ability of an organization to anticipate, prepare for, and

respond and adapt to incremental change and sudden

disruptions in order to survive and prosper.”

Key concepts: prevent, prepare, adapt, protect, resist,

redundancy, response and recovery

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UK Resilience – Delivered Together

1. Identifying


4. Evaluating




Systematic risk


Performance Management


Real-life events


2. Assessing


3. Building



Generic Capabilities

Specific Plans

Business Continuity

Crisis Management


Systematic Risk


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Risk Identification and AssessmentRisk Identification and Assessment

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National Risk Register 2013 -Threats

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National Risk Register 2013 - Hazards

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Building resilience Building resilience

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Who plays a role in building resilience?

Communities Communities Communities Communities

Regulators Regulators


Communities Communities Communities Communities




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Example 1: Community Resilience

“Communities and individuals harnessing local resources and expertise to help themselves in an emergency, in a way that

complements the response of the emergency services.”

UK Civil Protection Lexicon

Holistic BespokeHolistic









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Communities Prepared Hub

• Website for LRFs, local authorities, emergency responders & local community groups to access at: www.epcollege.com/community-hub

• Free resources to access & share• Free resources to access & share

• Sign up for the newsletter on the site

• Let us know about the resilience work your organisation or local community group is undertaking, at: [email protected]

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Example 2: Winter preparedness

•Provides information and advice to individuals and

communities on how to prepare and plan for the impacts of

winter weather


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Evaluating and improvingEvaluating and improving

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How has our understanding evolved? Community resilience and Infrastructure resilience

For example: Recommendation from the Pitt report (2008) on the 2007 floods, that Government, “...should establish a programme to support & encourage individuals & communities to be better prepared & more self-reliant during prepared & more self-reliant during emergencies, allowing the authorities to focus

on those areas & people in greatest need.”

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The 2010 National Security Strategy Tier one: The National Security Council considered the following groups of risks to be those of

highest priority for UK national security looking ahead, taking account of both likelihood and impact.

• International terrorism affecting the UK or its interests, including a chemical, biological,

radiological or nuclear attack by terrorists; and/or a significant increase in the levels of terrorism

relating to Northern Ireland.

• Hostile attacks upon UK cyber space by other states and large scale cyber crime.

• A major accident or natural hazard which requires a national response, such as severe coastal

flooding affecting three or more regions of the UK, or an influenza pandemic.

• An international military crisis between states, drawing in the UK and its allies as well as other

states and non-state actors. states and non-state actors.

Tier Two: The National Security Council considered the following groups of risks to be the next

highest priority looking ahead, taking account of both likelihood and impact. (For example, a CBRN

attack on the UK by a state was judged to be low likelihood, but high impact.)

• An attack on the UK or its overseas territories by another state or proxy using chemical,

biological, radiological or nuclear (CBRN) weapons.

• Risk of major instability, insurgency or civil war overseas which creates an environment that

terrorists can exploit to threaten the UK.

• A significant increase in the level of organised crime affecting the UK.

• Severe disruption to information received, transmitted or collected by satellites, possibly as a

result of a deliberate attack by a another state.

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Future challenges :


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We’re getting better, but there is still more to We’re getting better, but there is still more to do....

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Early warnings from the Met Office of the St Jude’s Day storm

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St Jude’s Day Storm – 28 October 2013