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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome By Melissa Sterling

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. By Melissa Sterling. Questions?. Should legal policies be developed in regard to FAS? Should Parents be charged with child abuse?. What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?. It is caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol and is the leading cause of mental retardation. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Its Long Term Effects

Fetal Alcohol SyndromeBy Melissa Sterling

Questions?Should legal policies be developed in regard to FAS?

Should Parents be charged with child abuse?What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?It is caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol and is the leading cause of mental retardation.

It consists of a pattern of neurologic, behavioral, and cognitive deficits that can interfere with growth, learning, and socialization.

Why I Chose this TopicI chose Fetal Alcohol Syndrome because, I had a child in my after care program who has FAS. After finding out her diagnosis I began to research it and found out how important it is for Educators to be aware of the signs, and how WE can help these children.Fetal Alcohol Syndrome has Four Major Components:A characteristic pattern of facial abnormalities such as small eye openings, indistinct or flat philtrum, thin upper lip.Growth deficiencies, such as low birth weightBrain damage, a small skull at birth, structural defects, and neurologic signs, including impaired fine motor skills, poor eye-hand coordination, and tremorsMaternal alcohol use during pregnancy

Differences in Facial Features

Front View of a Child with FAS

Brain Damage

The NumbersFetal Alcohol Syndrome presents a significant hazard for our countrys newborn population. It is the leading cause of mental retardation, with prevalence figures surpassing Down Syndrome, Cerebral Palsy and Spina Bifida.Mental RetardationApproximately 8% of all mild mental retardation appears to be the result of prenatal exposure to alcohol, and between six and eleven thousand children born each year in the United States are reported to have major or minor physical birth defects caused by prenatal alcohol exposure. It is determined when a child has a cluster of disorders within three diagnostic areas.Central Nervous System DysfunctionCraniofacial malformationsPrenatal and post-natal growth development

How is FAS diagnosed?Frequently a child is not diagnosed until they come to the attention of the education system or social services and only then because of developmental delays or physical problems.TreatmentFAS is a permanent condition, and there is no cure. It affects every aspect of an individuals life and the lives of his or her family.Early diagnosis is very importantInvolvement in special education and social servicesA loving, nurturing, and stable caretaking environment An absence of Violence

Quote from a Mother I gave birth to a baby that weighed two pounds because I used. In recovery, they say alcohol is a drug, and I did drink with him. I lost that baby because I couldn't stop using because alcoholism is a disease.Sheila GaskinsHow Much Can A Pregnant Women Drink?None!

There has been a recent surge in media coverage regarding light to moderate drinking during pregnancy and that it is okay. This is not true.

The Surgeon General states that women are advised to abstain from alcohol during pregnancy, or when considering pregnancy, due to the risk of birth defects.

Alcohol is a Teratogen, it is a DrugOne drink a day is like given your baby 16 bottles of alcohol

How Alcohol Travels to the Fetus

17Neurological SignsAnxiety seizures manifest themselves within 6-12 hours of birth and last about seven days.Infants exhibit poor sucking reflexes, abnormal muscle tone, hyperactivity and attention deficits.

Additional Central Nervous system symptoms include a high degree of irritability and hypersensitivity to loudness.

Preschoolers with FAS

Demonstrate attention deficits, delayed reaction time, and decrements in fine and gross motor performance. During their early school years, there is poor impulse control, social intrusiveness, poor peer relations, trouble remembering social rules, and excessive demands for bodily contact.

There also may be significant deficits in IQ, verbal performance, reaction time, and motor speed.

Pre School Child with FAS

As They GrowAs children with FAS mature, they continue to have short stature, but their weight is less effected, leaving them of normal weight or even plump. They continue to have head sizes two standard deviations smaller that average with microcephaly being their most prominent growth deficiency.What Educators Need to KnowStudents with FAS may have learning challenges such as:Visual and auditory processing problemsDifficulty with reading comprehensionMemory problemsSensitivity to sensory inputAttention deficitsProblems with social behaviorsProblems following multiple directions or rulesDifficulty with math and abstract reasoningInability to understand cause and effectDifficulty organizing tasks and materials

What Can We Do As Teachers?Use literal termsBe consistentRepeat, Repeat, RepeatFollow a RoutineKeep it simpleBe specificProvide StructureSupervisePreventionThe only prevention is EducationWomen need to be made more aware of the affects of drinking while pregnantQuestions?Should legal policies be developed in regard to FAS?

Should Parents be charged with child abuse?