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Film Editing Tutorial Quick start guide! Terri Meyer Boake

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Film Editing Tutorial

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  • FilmEditingTutorialFilmEditingTutorial

    Quickstartguide!TerriMeyerBoake

  • 1.Preparingyourselfandyourfiles:1.Preparingyourselfandyourfiles:

    Thisinformationisvalidforallfilmeditingsoftware:FCP,Premiere(theversionofFCbeingusedis

    FCExpress 4.01orFCP5orlower)

  • Remember:Garbagein=Garbageout!

    Remember:Garbagein=Garbageout!

    Videoandimagequalitymustbegood.Lightingandcolourmustbegood.

  • OrganizeyourselfOrganizeyourself

    Beforeyoustartediting Planyourfilm Understandyoursequence Getyourmediaready Makesureyouhaveenoughspaceonyour

    drivetostoretheproject Prepareanystillimages Checkallofyourformatsforcompatibility

  • 2.PreparingyourVideoFiles:2.PreparingyourVideoFiles:

    Ifyouneedtodownloadmaterialforthetutorialhttps://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/15256893/filmtutorial.zip

  • VideoFormatsVideoFormats

  • VideofileformatVideofileformat

    Thishasbecomeverycomplexduetothegreatvarietyofvideocamerasandformats

    Theshape(aspectratio)ofthevideoastakenbyyourcameraneedstodeterminetheshapeofthefinalvideoyouaremaking

    ExamineaclipofyourvideoinQuicktime ProInspectortobesureoftheformat

  • CommonformatsCommonformats

    TheoldMiniDV tapecamerassetthestandardfor4:3ratio=640x480pixels

    MostcurrentvideocamerasareshootingWidescreen(16:9),butthepixeldimensionsvary

    Anamorphicisanotherproportion YouneedtoknowifyouareshootingSD(Standard

    Definition)orHD(HighDefinition) ireferstointerlacedfootage preferstoprogressivefootage Ifyoudontknowwhatyouareshooting,use

    Quicktime Inspectortolookupthedetails

    Infotakenfrom:http://library.rice.edu/services/dmc/guides/video/VideoFormatsGuide.pdf

  • InterlacedfootageiInterlacedfootagei

    Acommonwaytocompressvideoistointerlaceit.Eachframeofaninterlacedvideosignalshowseveryotherhorizontallineoftheimage.Astheframesareprojectedonthescreen,thevideosignalalternatesbetweenshowingevenandoddlines.Whenthisisdonefastenough,i.e.around60framespersecond,thevideoimagelookssmoothtothehumaneye.

    Becauseonlyhalftheimageissentwitheachframe,interlacedvideousesroughlyhalfthebandwidththanitwouldsendingtheentirepicture.

  • ProgressivefootagepProgressivefootagep

    Aprogressivescanpicturedrawseverylineinsequence.Therefore,aprogressivescanvideosignalsendstwiceasmuchdatathananinterlacedsignaleachtimeitdrawsanimageonthescreen.

    Still,ifaprogressivescanandinterlacedimagearebothprojectedat60Hz,theprogressivescanimagewillusuallyappearslightlysmoother.Videothatcontainsfastmotionmakesthisdifferencemorenoticeable.Forthisreason,theDVDandHDTVstandardsweredevelopedtosupportprogressivescanvideosignals.

  • Whenyouseevideoformatsdescribedas480por720p,thenumberindicateshowmanyhorizontallinesofresolutionthevideosignaluses,whilethe"p"indicatesitisaprogressivescansignal.Similarly,the1080iformatcontains1080linesofresolution,butisinterlaced.Both720pand1080iareusedbyHDTV.

  • FrameRatesFrameRates

    Differentcamerashavedifferentframerates Mostcommonis29.97(30)FPSforvideo

    cameras 24and25canbefoundinmanyDSLRtype

    cameras Makesureyousetupyourprojectfilmwith

    thematchingframerate YoushouldnotMIXframerateswithinafilm

  • Thetwomostcommonformatsare4:3and16:9

  • 16:9

  • 4:3

  • 16:9

    .avi formatscauseproblemswiththeQuicktime systemastheyrequireoddcodecs

  • MixedFormatsMixedFormats

    Mixedvideoformatscancausetroubleif: Thepixeldimensionsdonotmatch(1:1vs 1:1.2121)When

    exportingrectangularpixelstheycanbecomesquareandsquishthevideo

    A4:3segmentina16:9filmwillhaveblackbarsattheside A16:9clipina4:3filmwillbecutoff Someeditingprogramsaremoreaccommodatingof

    differencesinframerates,butyouwontknowtil youaredoneandexportifthereisanissue

    WhenyouexportyoucanaskQuicktime toletterboxandthiswillputblackbarsonthemovietofitthechosenfilmsize

  • 3.PreparingyourImageFiles:3.PreparingyourImageFiles:

  • ImportingfilesImportingfiles

    Putallofyourimages,clipsandmusicinafilefolder.

    YouneedtoIMPORTtheseintoyoureditingprogramusingtheIMPORTcommand.

    Ifyoudraganddroptheminfromyourdesktop,andthenmovethefolder,theimageswilldisappearfromyourmoviebecausetheyhavebeen"disconnected".

    Someclipsmustbeimporteddirectlyfromyourvideocamera

  • ImagefilesImagefiles

    makesurethatyourimagesareat72dpi atleastaslargeasthevideosizeyouareusing inJPEGformatforFCE;Premieresupportsa

    multitudeofformats(notPDF) YouwillresizeinFCtoadjusttoyourscreensize Iftheyareanysmallerandyouneedtostretch

    them,theywillbeblurry(insufficientdata). Youcaneasilyuselargerimages,butnot"huge". Therenderingprocessinfilmeditingwill

    resolvedifferencesinresolutionforfinaloutput

  • PSDfilesPSDfiles

    IfyoubringaPSD(layered)fileintothesoftwareanddropitonthetimeline,it(should)breakoutintoitslayers,sothatyoucanmanipulatetheimagelayerbylayer.

    Thisisgoodformakingmasksormakingthedifferentlayersintheimagedodifferentmotionactions,opacities,etc.

  • 4.PreparingyourAudioFiles:4.PreparingyourAudioFiles:

  • AudioFormatAudioFormat

    ChecktheQuicktimeInspectortoseetheaudioratethatyourfilmisusing

    Mostcommonis48kHZ Mostshouldbein

    stereo,16bit

  • AddingMusicAddingMusic

    ThenaturalsoundsinyourvideoandthekHzofyourmusicneedtomatch.

    FinalCutProisfairlypickyaboutwhatsortofaudiofilesyouuse.Theyhavetobeat48kHz.

    StandardCDfilesareinm4aormp3formatandrecordedat44.1kHz.YouneedtoconvertthesewithQuicktime Proto48kHztopreventpotentialpoppingnoisesinthefinalvideoinFCE

    AdobePremiereseemstoaccommodatemorevarietyinternally

  • Audiofiles!

    .m4a

    .mp3

  • Changeto48

  • 5.SettinguptheFilmforEditing5.SettinguptheFilmforEditing

  • AdobePremiere

    NotetheFPSareroundeduptothenextevennumber

    DVNTSCWidescreen48kHzIsthemostbasicwidescreensetting

    Notethepixelaspectratiois1:2121

  • AdobePremiere

    NotetheFPSareroundeduptothenextevennumber

    NotethepixelaspectratioisSQUARE

  • ImportingyourVideoFilesImportingyourVideoFiles

    Onceyouhaveyourprojectinitiated,importyourfiles VideowilleitherbeimportedasclipsfromyourDSLR Orloggedandcapturedfromavideocamera Oracombinationofthetwo Shootmorevideothanyouneedtoallowforediting

    andloss,butdontshootahugeamountoritgivesyoumoreworktosortthroughit

    Clipsareeasiertomanagethanacontinuousshoot. Goodtostartandstopyourcameratocreateclips

  • EditingBasicsEditingBasics

    EditinginFCP,Premiere(andiMovie)isallnondestructive

    Changesmadetofilesonthetimelinedonotaffecttheoriginalfile

    Clips,images,soundfilescanbeusedoverandover

    Audiofilesonmultipletimelineswillplayallatonce

    Image/moviefilesonmultipletimelinesarelayered(likeinPhotoshop) theoneontopisreadfirst

  • TheSequenceLineTheSequenceLine

    InbothFCandPremiereyoucreateaseriesoffilmsequences

    Thesequencelinehasvideotracksontopandaudiotracksonthebottom

    Unlimited(to99)ofeach iMovie islimitedtoonevideotrackandtwoaudio

    tracks Forcomplicatedmovies,createmultiplesequencesand

    useoneinsideofanother Youcanlockthetracksthatyouarenotusingsothat

    youreditingdoesnotinadvertentlymovepreviouslyfinishedcontent

  • TitleorImageSafeAreasTitleorImageSafeAreas

    Oldertelevisionswillcutoffsomeoftheareaofthefilmwhenitisprojected

    Findthetitlesafesettingonyoureditingsoftwareandkeepyourimportantmaterialandtextwithintheseframes

    ThisisalsoimportantwhenyouareusingyourDVDmakingsoftwarewhenlocatingtitles

  • KeyFramesKeyFrames

    Keyframesarepointsonthesequencetimelinethatareusedtostartandstopmotionactionsonclipsorimages

    Yousetthekeyframeforeachtypeofmotionoropacitychange,setthevalue,thensetthekeyframewherethismotionistoterminateandsetthevalue

    Thesoftwarecreatesasmoothtransitionbetweenthetwopoints

  • TextandTitlesTextandTitles

    InFCEtextisgeneratedinthevideoeffectswindowunderapulldownfoldercalledVideoGeneration

    Thistextispulledintothetimeline/sequenceonceitiscreated

    InPremierethereisaspecialwindowformakingtext.Oncecreateditwillresideinyourmenuoffilesandyoucanpullitintoyourtimeline

  • ExportingyourMovieExportingyourMovie

    Whenyouarefinishededitingyouneedtoexportyourmovie(FinalSequence)

    InFCEuseExport/Quicktime conversion Makesurethatyoursettingsmatchtheinitialsettings

    forthemoviethatyousetup Youcanchangetheoverallsize,compressionatexport

    time UseeitheriDVD orEncoretocreateaplayableDVD

    versionofyourmovie(compressesit) ThefilecreateddirectlyoutofFCorPremierehasnot

    beencompressedandisverylarge