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1 Flood Emergency Management Programme Case Study on Building the Local Capacity in Flood- Vulnerable Communities in Cambodia The Davis Hotel Bangkok 22 nd -23 rd .July.2010 Strengthening Climate Resilience Regional Consultation Workshop

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Page 1: Flood risk reduction adpc - cambodia

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Flood Emergency Management Programme

Case Study on

Building the Local Capacity in Flood-Vulnerable Communities in CambodiaThe Davis Hotel Bangkok

22nd -23rd .July.2010

Strengthening Climate ResilienceRegional Consultation Workshop

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Outline:

1. Background2. Interventions and Achievements 3. Lesson Learnt and Recommendations 4. Publications

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1. Background

• Flood has a significant impact on people and economic, Cambodia is a relatively high economic risk from flood

• Climate change, deforestation, and poorly plan of development activities contribute to the damage caused by the annual flood of the Lower Mekong Basin.

• Lives are lost; crops destroyed; and livelihoods are often irreparably affected

• Urban vulnerabilities are accumulating and

• Rural vulnerability is increasing

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@ provincial level

63%

2. Interventions and Achievements

@ district level

22%

63%

22%

14%

@ commune & village levels

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2. Interventions and Achievements (Con ’t)

Provincial and district level

Because of flood management capacity building package provided to

Disaster Management Committee at sub-national level and advocate with

them through consultations and workshops:

• Flood Risk Reduction Planning are integrated into provincial and district development plans in some target provinces which more focus on the trend of changing climate condition.

• Flood Disaster Response (contingency) plans: flood scenario analyze has been conducted to develop flood disaster response plans in some target provinces.

Climate change adaptation initiatives are integrated in the above activities

Climate change adaptation initiatives are integrated in the above activities

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Community level (village & commune)• Flood Risk Management Capacity Building: Based on

participatory vulnerability, capacity and risk assessment conducted by disaster management committee at commune levels informed the village and community level to develop flood reduction action plans and integrate in the local development planning process.

• Public awareness: The public awareness on flood risk reduction have been increased through disseminate of IEC materials such as flood safety poster, flood information kits for teachers and schools, drama and radio spot on flood risk reduction to the target communes.

2. Interventions and Achievements (Con ’t)

Climate change adaptation initiatives are integrated in the above activities

Climate change adaptation initiatives are integrated in the above activities

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Community level (village & commune)

• School flood safety program: With the mobilization of relevant local stakeholders, enhancing their understanding and acceptance of flood risk reduction through orientation workshops, ToT, the development of simple and appropriate methodologies and tools to aid teachers in communicating flood risk reduction to school children. The school based flood safety campaigns have been conducted at target schools to increase awareness and create culture of school safety to children and teachers

• Pilot Flood Early Warning System: Many civil society organizations are piloting Flood Early Warning System

2. Interventions and Achievements (Con ’t)

Climate change adaptation initiatives are integrated in the above activities

Climate change adaptation initiatives are integrated in the above activities

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Photo of School Flood Safety Program Carried by Department of Education, Youth and Sports

Climate change adaptation initiatives and concepts are integrated in contents of campaign and IEC materiasl

Climate change adaptation initiatives and concepts are integrated in contents of campaign and IEC materiasl

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Pilot Flood Early Warning System

Improved dissemination of flood forecasts through community-based early warning systems

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• Flood marks and billboards installation in 76 villages in 14 districts and 5 provinces (Prey Veng, Kandal, Kratie, and Steoung Treng)

• Topographical Survey by DHRW

Before flood

Pilot Flood Early Warning System (Con ’t)

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Trainings of CCDM & village, Red Cross Volunteers, Village Disaster Management Team on operation, maintenance data collection and record keeping of flood marks and billboards and utilization of the information

Before floods

Pilot Flood Early Warning System (Con ’t)

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During floodIssuance of flood forecasts by

DHRW and MRCS to PCDM,

DCDM, PDOWRAM, Provincial

Red Cross Branches,

Water level disseminated on billboard by village chief/deputy (during flood season June-Dec)

Pilot Flood Early Warning System (Con ’t)

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Information Flow and Chanel

DoWRAM and PCDM, PRC

DHRW

DoWRAM and DCDM

CCDM, RCV, VDMT

MoWRAMNCDM

Flood

forecast

and early

warning

info.

Real flood

data and info at village level

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Pilot Flood Early Warning System (Con ’t)

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Implementing Partners• Department of Hydrology and River Works (DHRW) of

Ministry of Water Resource and Meteorology (MoWRAM)

• Provincial Department of Water Resource and

Meteorology

• Commune Committee for Disaster Management (CCDM)

and Village Authority (flood mark operators)

• Provincial Committee for Disaster Management (PCDM)

• District Committee for Disaster Management (DCDM)

• Village Volunteers (e.g. Red Cross Volunteer)

Pilot Flood Early Warning System (Con ’t)

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Structural measures • Community Safe Areas with water points &

latrines• Raised Family Safe Areas• Raised Water points• Household water filters• House strengthening• Community evacuation boats• Household evacuation & livelihood boats• Rehabilitation of drainage channels• Culverts• Flood control: raised bunds along river

banks• Evacuation routes

Non-structural measures • Flood early warning systems• Flood evacuation planning• Search & rescue teams• Hygiene awareness for flood conditions• Livestock care for flood conditions• Livelihood enhancement (fishing gear …)• Livelihood diversification• Promotion of fast growing fodder crops• Community social security measures (rice

banks, cow banks, self-help groups)• Disaster proofing agricultural practices:

alternative crops, short-term rice

Community Flood Risk Reduction Measures

2. Interventions and Achievements (Con ’t)

Climate change adaptation initiatives are integrated in the above flood risk reduction measures (Structural and Non-structural measures)

Climate change adaptation initiatives are integrated in the above flood risk reduction measures (Structural and Non-structural measures)

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Non-structural

FRR measures

Photos ~ Flood Risk Reduction measures

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Non-structural DRR measures

Structural FRR measures

Photos ~ Flood Risk Reduction measures

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1. Materials and documents about climate change adaptation and initiative are still highly insufficient in the country

2. Enhancing the capacity of women and children focal points at the commune levels can ensure sustainability of flood risk reduction initiatives and increase the potential replications of such practices in areas with similar problems.

3. Synergy and harmonization of DRM and Climate Change Adaptation.

3. Lesson learnt

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1. DRM institutions are in place in all levels, national, provincial, district and commune levels (NCDM, PCDM, DCDM and CCDM), therefore, climate change adaptation can be implemented through DRM mechanism

2. DRM tools are available such as:- HVCA tools and process, - Planning guideline, - Training curriculum,- IEC and Public Awareness Materials - Community Based Approach, DRR plan etc

** Those tools can be used for climate change adaptation as well

3. Recommendations

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4. Publications

IEC materials (Posters, leaflets, brochures, flood information kits have been produced to serve for public activities)