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more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp UK National Action Plan for Pesticides: integrating regulation and non-regulatory approaches James Clarke Chairman [email protected] v.uk

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For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Original images and graphics as PPT Slide 2 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Notes This presentation is based on some of the graphics and data from the Pesticides Forum Annual Report 2012. It provides users with all the information in one easily accessible place. Some graphs may be updated with more recent data as this becomes available during the year. The layout of this years report reflects the new UK National Action Plan; although many of the previous indicators remain, they appear in a different order and under new sections. For the full context please see the supporting text in the annual report. The link to the 2012 annual report is: http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/guidance/industries/pesticides/advisory-groups/pesticides- forum/Focus/pesticides-forum-annual-reports http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/guidance/industries/pesticides/advisory-groups/pesticides- forum/Focus/pesticides-forum-annual-reports Slide 3 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp UK National Action Plan for Pesticides: integrating regulation and non-regulatory approaches James Clarke Chairman [email protected] Slide 4 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Presentation content The role of the Pesticides Forum (PF) Thematic strategy (for pesticides) The UK National Action Plan (NAP) EU context UK approach Indicators of Sustainable Use By key heading in NAP Summary and future plans Slide 5 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Pesticides in the UK Pesticides Forum annual report Impacts and sustainable use PPT of data available www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Slide 6 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp About the Pesticides Forum Members, objectives and topics covered Slide 7 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Pesticides Forum Membership Organisations Users, Advisors, Manufacturers, Environment, Consumers ADAS The Organic Sector Advisory Committee on Pesticides (ACP) Agricultural Engineers Association (AEA) Agricultural Industries Confederation (AIC) Agriculture & Horticulture Development Board (AHDB) The Amenity Forum BASIS (Registration) Ltd The Co-operative Farms Country Land & Business Association (CLA) Crop Protection Association (CPA) Environment Agency (EA) Fresh Produce Consortium/British Retail Consortium The Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust (GWCT) Linking the Environment & Farming (LEAF) National Farmers Union (NFU) National Farmers Union Scotland (NFUS) Pesticide Action Network (PAN-UK) Scotlands Rural College (SRUC) Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) SUSTAIN Unite Voluntary Initiative (VI) Wildlife & Countryside LINK (WCL) Womens Food & Farming Union (WFU) Slide 8 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Pesticides Forum Observers Health & Safety Executive (HSE) Department of Agriculture & Rural Development Northern Ireland (DARDNI) Department of Health (DoH) Department for Business, Innovation & Skills (BIS) Food Standards Agency (FSA) Natural England (NE) Scottish Government Rural and Environment Science and Analytical Services Division The Welsh Government (WG) Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA) Slide 9 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Aims and Objectives Aims: To oversee work under the UK National Action PlanUK National Action Plan To monitor the effects of policies, laws and other initiatives that affect or are affected by the use of pesticides, and To offer advice to Ministers and stakeholders To provide a forum for exchanging views, and where possible to allow our stakeholders to come to a general agreement Specific Objectives: Communications Monitoring impacts Knowledge transfer Slide 10 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Objectives: Communications To promote effective ways of helping all those involved in selling, supplying, storing, using and disposing of pesticides and pesticide waste products to use technologies and techniques which: limit the need to use these products (and the risks that can arise from using them) in a way which is consistent with sustainable production and the control of pests, weeds and diseases; and share best practice between all farming systems, whether organic systems using pesticides or other control options To monitor, review and improve the quality and relevance of information available to all those involved in selling, supplying, storing, using and disposing of pesticides and pesticide waste products To prepare and publish an annual report of our activities and maintain a close working relationship with the Advisory Committee on Pesticidesannual reportAdvisory Committee on Pesticides Slide 11 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Objectives: Impacts and KT Monitoring impacts To consider how to most effectively monitor all impacts arising from the use of pesticides (including using indicators), and communicate these findings to Ministers, our stakeholders and the public Knowledge transfer To monitor pesticide-related research and development and aim to inform funding organisations of any significant gaps in the programme To promote the most effective and practical ways for sharing best practice in technology and research and development, by encouraging discussions between researchers and research funders, and between all those involved in selling, supplying, storing, using and disposing of pesticides Slide 12 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Key topics covered in 2011/2012 Discussion on the Consultation on the implementation of the Sustainable Use Directive, and workshops on minimising impacts best practice and control measures Container Management Group final report, including developments in container design The work of the Expert Committee for Pesticides Residues in Food Impact of reduced availability of pesticides Impacts of EU legislation Slide 13 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp The UK National Action Plan Available from: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/pesticides-uk-national-action-plan Slide 14 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Thematic strategy (for PPPs) Disposal/degradation Pre-marketing Use Authorisation regulation 1107/2009/EC Pesticides and Waste law Machinery Directive 2009/127/EC (Amended) Sustainable Use Directive 2009/128/EC Statistics regulation 1185/2009/EC Slide 15 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp National Action Plan (NAP) NAP setting objectives, targets, measures and timetables Indicators to monitor products containing substances of concern Use reduction targets if appropriate for risk reduction To take account of health, social, economic and environmental impacts, national, regional and local conditions and other legislation (e.g. WFD) Public participation To Commission by November 2012 and reviewed 5 yearly Slide 16 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp UK National Action Plan: Approach Outlines pesticides legislative regime Authorisation, MRLs, Sustainable Use Directive Explains governments wider strategic priorities reducing burdens in business, improving productivity and competitiveness of farming, enhancing the environment and biodiversity adopting a proportionate approach to regulation and removing un- necessary burdens Clarifies roles Defra with strategic oversight, government and non-governmental organisations to work together Stakeholder consultations, role for the Pesticide Forum, supported by short-life and standing working groups Slide 17 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp National Action PlanNational Action Plan (NAP) Required under implementation of the Sustainable Use Directive for PPPs Provides framework for: reducing the risks and impacts of pesticide use on human health and the environment promoting the use of integrated pest management and of alternative approaches or techniques, such as non-chemical alternatives to pesticides. Slide 18 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp National Action Plan R&D Assurance schemes Regulation Slide 19 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp UK National Action Plan Objectives, targets, measures and timetables Objective: to ensure pesticides used sustainably, through promotion of risk reduction Priority areas: protection of water; better practice in amateur and amenity sectors, development and adoption of integrated approaches Targets include, maintaining current high levels of training and testing of application equipment and meeting objectives of Water Framework Directive Measures will include items listed in the National Action Plan Slide 20 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Role of PF and NAP Ensure appropriate regulation and compliance Encourage current best practice Monitor progress (indicators) Identify and promote even better practice Regulation Industry initiatives Research and Development Short-life working groups Slide 21 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp NAP main headings Training Improving standards Operators - (R), advisers Sales storekeeper certification Information and awareness raising Consumer and health protection, wildlife protection Inspection of application equipment Sprayer testing (R)- every 3 years from 2020; Annual (Assurance Schemes) Aerial application very limited, permitted application only Protection of aquatic environment and drinking water Risk in specific areas Protected areas, amenity Handling & storage, packaging Sub-group & communication Integrated Pest Management (IPM) encourage and support uptake Baselines, sectoral needs, IPM Plans Indicators Usage data (R), needs Slide 22 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Key issues: NAP Protection of water Best practice in Amenity and Amateur Integrated approaches Availability and viable techniques Adoption Slide 23 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Information to the public Member states may include in their National Action Plans provisions on informing people who may be exposed to spray drift Also provisions in authorisation regulation: approvals may specify the need to notify members of the public of applications and make spray records available Slide 24 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Information to the public Regulation Not a legal obligation Non-regulatory Voluntary scheme from farmers Slide 25 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Indicators of Sustainable Use 3 Slide 26 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Part 1: Training 4 Slide 27 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Training and Certification Training initial and on-going by November 2012 Access for users, distributors and advisors, to recognise different roles Training bodies designated by the competent authorities. Certification - by November 2013 Establish certification systems. Designate competent authorities responsible for implementation Establish requirements and procedures to grant, renew and withdraw certificates. Slide 28 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Training Context Importance of training, market is able to meet demand and deliver to an appropriate quality. Retailer assurance schemes promote continuing professional development Regulation Law requires that all users must be trained initially. CRD has established system for designation of training bodies. Content of existing training courses has been updated Non-regulatory Industry has developed continuing professional development training programmes for users and initial and ongoing training for advisors and distributors Slide 29 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 1: Indicator - User practice: National Register of Sprayer Operators (NRoSO) (number of members & % sprayed area) Source: VI Annual Report 2011-2012 Slide 30 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 2: Indicator - User Practice: BASIS professional register (number of members) Source: BASIS *2012 figure as at 31 Jan 2013 Slide 31 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Part 2: Sales. Slide 32 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Sales distributors of non-professional products to provide general information on risks/mitigation/low-risk alternatives. by November 2015 distributers of professional products have sufficient staff with training certificate in employment. Staff with certificate to be available at time of sale. Micro-distributors may be exempt if not selling certain types of products. Member states to take measures to restrict sales of professional products to persons holding the certificate. Slide 33 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Sales Context Pesticides purchased on account. Responsible distributors make enquiries before selling to persons unknown Regulation Law requires: distributors to have sufficient staff with certificate available at point of sale; any person who purchases a pesticide to ensure end user holds a certificate; distributors of non-professional products to provide general information; and that storekeepers take reasonable precautions to protect human health and the environment Other measures High standards promoted by BASIS nominated storekeeper certificate Information for non-professional products on simple/clear labels and Amateur Liaison Group Slide 34 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 3: BASIS Nominated Storekeeper (NSK) / Amenity Storekeeper (Amenity NSK) training courses: Total number of successful candidates Source: BASIS Slide 35 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 4: BASIS Garden Centre qualification (Guardian Certificate in Garden Care): number of candidates and passes Source: BASIS Slide 36 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Part 3: Information and awareness raising 4 Slide 37 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Information and awareness raising Member states to take measures to inform the public and facilitate information and awareness raising programmes Information should be balanced and accurate and cover risks to human health and the environment and use of non-chemical alternatives Member states to put in place systems for gathering information on pesticide poisoning incidents Slide 38 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Information and awareness raising Context Active sharing of information by government and stakeholders. EU Commission developing guidance document on monitoring systems Regulation Revised labelling to products (e.g. hard surfaces) Other measures Reviews on human health monitoring arrangements Slide 39 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 5: Indicator - Consumer protection: Maximum Residues Levels compliance % of fruit and vegetable samples tested and found with one or more residues above the MRL Source: Defra Expert Committee on Pesticide Residues in Food Slide 40 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 6: Indicator - Human health protection: PIAP investigations Source: HSE Pesticide Incident Appraisal Panel Report 2011-12 Number of incidents Slide 41 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 7: Indicator - Pesticide poisoning incidents investigated by the Wildlife Incident Investigation Scheme (WIIS) Source: CRD Slide 42 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Part 4: Inspection of application equipment 5 Slide 43 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Inspection of application equipment Many different deadlines Certified equipment used from 2016. 5 yearly tests until 2020, 3 yearly thereafter Possible exemptions or differing arrangements for certain types of application equipment Users to conduct regular calibrations and technical checks Designation of bodies to conduct tests/certification systems Mutual recognition of certificates Slide 44 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Inspection of application equipment Context Market supplies demand for annual testing of application equipment Regulation New law requires all equipment to be tested in line with requirements of the directive. Also requires CRD to designate bodies to conduct inspections, keep a register of inspectors and grant certificates. Low-scale of use equipment to be inspected every 6 years. Derogation for knapsacks and handhelds. Professional users must carry out regular calibration checks Non-regulatory measures Retailer protocols specify annual testing of equipment Slide 45 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 8: Indicator - User practice: National Sprayer Testing Scheme (NSTS) (number of sprayer tests and % sprayed area) Source: VI Annual Report 2010-11 and NSTS /AEA (2011/2012) number of tests % sprayed area Slide 46 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 9: Membership of crop assurance schemes on holdings sampled in the United Kingdom Pesticide Usage Survey Source: Pesticide Usage Survey n = number of farms surveyed 1 = Surveys of GB only 2 = Excluding holdings only growing cider apples Slide 47 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Part 5: Aerial application Indicators 408 permits issued in 2012 Slide 48 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Aerial spraying Prohibited but derogation possible if conditions met Designate authorities to set out conditions/ circumstances under which aerial spraying can be carried out Designated authority to consider application plans and issue permits to spray Monitoring to check compliance Records to be kept and made available to the public Slide 49 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Aerial spraying Regulation Law allows CRD to issue permit to spray only when relevant conditions exist. Aviation legislation also regulates low-flying activities. Nature conservation legislation also relevant where CRD permits applications in or close to protected areas Non-regulatory Aerial Application Association developing Operating Standards (best practice guide) Slide 50 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Part 6: Measures to protect the aquatic environment and drinking water 6 Slide 51 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Protection of the aquatic environment and drinking water Appropriate measures support Water Framework Directive Give preference to particular products and application techniques Use mitigation measures that minimise risk of off-site pollution including buffer zones and safeguard zones Minimise or eliminate applications on man- made surfaces with risk of run-off to water Slide 52 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Protection of the aquatic environment and drinking water Context Pesticide pollution of water means that UK may fail to meet requirements of Water Framework Directive. Good understanding of pesticides which most frequently pollute surface waters and groundwaters Regulation Use of risk assessment and mitigation measures. Users to take reasonable precautions to protect the environment, confine spray to target areas, minimise use in identified higher risk areas and give preference to particular product types. Also use of water legislation Incentives Use of subsidies to encourage adoption of best practice measures Non-regulatory Government and industry published guidance (Codes of Practice, Voluntary Initiative, Campaign for the Farmed Environment, Get Pelletwise, Amenity Forum), Catchment Sensitive Farming programme Research and Development programme to improve understanding of behaviour of pesticides once released into the environment; precision of spraying; and safe disposal practice Slide 53 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 10: Indicator - Surface water Drinking Water Protected Areas (DrWPAs) in England and Wales where assessments indicate pesticides are putting WFD Article 7 compliance at risk Source: Environment Agency 15% at risk of non- compliance metaldehyde MCPA chlorotoluron mecoprop-P carbetamide 2,4-D propyzamide Slide 54 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 14: Indicator Groundwater bodies in England and Wales failing WFD objectives due to pesticides Source: Environment Agency 5% at risk of non- compliance bentazone mecoprop-P and 5 pesticides no longer available Slide 55 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 16: Indicator - Number of substantiated category 1 and 2 pollution incidents for land, air or water, involving agricultural and non-agricultural pesticides Source: Environment Agency Slide 56 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Part 7: Reduction of risk in specific areas 7 Slide 57 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Reduction of use or risk in specific areas Member states shall, taking account of hygiene, public health and biodiversity requirements, ensure use in minimised or prohibited in: a.areas used by the general public or vulnerable groups (parks, gardens, sports and recreation grounds, school grounds and childrens playgrounds and in the close vicinity of healthcare facilities) b.WFD protected areas or Natura 2000 sites c.recently treated areas accessible to agricultural workers The use of low-risk products and biological control measures shall be considered in the first instance Slide 58 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Reduction of use or risk in specific areas Context 10% of all pesticide use in public spaces. Use in conservation areas also subject to conditions of nature protection legislation Regulation Risk assessment process considers risk to public and workers in recently treated areas and imposes relevant mitigation measures (worker and human health protection legislation also relevant). Nature protection legislation imposes enhanced controls for sensitive sites Non-regulatory Amenity Forum developing best practice guidance. Training providers launching NASOR and Amenity Assured Research and Development into effectiveness and cost of integrated approaches Slide 59 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Part 8: Handling and storage of pesticides & treatment of their packaging and remnants 7 Slide 60 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Handling and storage Adopt measures necessary to ensure the ensure following professional operations do not endanger human health or the environment a.storage, handling, dilution and mixing before application b.handling and packaging of remnants c.disposal of tank mixtures after application d.cleaning of equipment after application e.recovery or disposal of remnants and packaging in accordance with relevant waste legislation Storage areas constructed to ensure they prevent unwanted releases Adopt measures to ensure non-professional users avoid dangerous handling operations (low-toxicity products, RTU, pack sizes) Slide 61 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Handling and storage Context Evidence suggests generally done to a high standard but some groups of users better than others Regulation Risk assessment process identifies and mitigates risk (e.g. use closed transfer systems, container sizes, etc). Special requirements for authorisation of non-professional products. Legislation on use requires adoption of reasonable precautions and construction of storage areas to prevent unwanted releases. Also legislation on pollution, waste, transport, accident hazards and building standards Non-regulatory Government and industry guidance. Capital grants also available in Catchment Sensitive Farming Scheme for infrastructure investments. Pesticide Forum Container Management Group Industry Voluntary Initiative promoting TOPPS guidance. BASIS store inspection scheme. Retailer protocols require adoption of relevant standards. Specific amenity and amateur guidance Slide 62 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 20: Indicator - User practice: Cross compliance checks, legislative breaches under SMR 9 and SMR 11 in 2011 Source: RPA inspection records Slide 63 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 21: Variation in Cross Compliance Breach Rate (SMR 9 & SMR 11) between 2006 and 2011 Source: RPA inspection records Slide 64 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 22: Comparison of number of cross compliance (SMR 9 and SMR 11) breaches and breach severity in 2011 Source: RPA inspection records n %= % reduction of Single Payment Scheme claim WL = Warning letter Slide 65 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Part 9: Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 7 Slide 66 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Integrated Pest Management Take measures to promote low-input pest management (IPM and organic farming) giving priority to non-chemical methods Establish and support establishment of conditions for implementation of IPM, ensuring users have information and tools to monitor pests and make decisions and access to advisory services Report to the Commission on the way in which and how successful they have been, in meeting these requirements by 30 June 2013 Describe in NAP how they will ensure general principles of IPM are implemented by users by 1 January 2014 Establish appropriate incentives to encourage users to implement crop or sector specific IPM guidelines on voluntary basis. Guidelines can be drawn up by public bodies or user organisations Slide 67 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Integrated Pest Management Context Many users adopting elements of an integrated approach. Barriers to uptake are lack of quality and consistent level of control Regulation Training programmes must cover integrated approaches. Biopesticides Scheme to support registration of products Incentives Government support for farmers converting to organic production Non-regulatory Retailer protocols promote practices consistent with the general principles of IPM. Particular guidance for Forestry Research and Development Alternative approaches significant part of research programme Slide 68 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp IPM IPM = ICM (crop) = IFM (farm) What is the baseline? Sectoral needs vary IPM Plans Agenda item October 2013 PF meeting Check list Greater encouragement Site and season specific Identify and monitor priorities at farm level Slide 69 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 23: Indicator - User practice: Crop Protection Management Plans (CPMPs) (area covered in hectares) Source: VI Annual Report 2011-12 (* 2011/12 figure is CPMP/LEAF combined data) hectares Slide 70 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 24: Indicator - Population of selected UK farmland bird species Source: Defra/British Trust for Ornithology/Joint Nature Conservation Committee/RSPB Slide 71 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 25: Indicator - Population of all UK bird species Source: Defra Index (1970=1) Slide 72 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 26: Indicator Cumulative numbers of active substances and products approved as biopesticides, in any one year Source: HSE Slide 73 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 27: Comparison of number of biopesticides (active substances) registered in each EU member state according to the UK definition of a biopesticide (as at May 2012) Source: EU Pesticides Database, 2012 Slide 74 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 28: Total number of active substances authorised* for use on plum crops, by type (*on-label and SOLA/EAMU) Source: HSE Slide 75 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 29: Total number of active substances authorised to control blossom wilt, plum fruit moth and perennial broad-leaved weeds in plum crops (on-label and SOLA/EAMU) Source: HSE Slide 76 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 30: Indicator Pesticide Availability - Total number of active substances authorised* for use on winter oilseed rape crops, by type (*on-label and SOLA/EAMU) Source: HSE Notes: Active substances not used by growers: 1995: 4 herbicides, 5 insecticides, 1 PGR, 3 soil sterilants 2000: 2 herbicides, 3 insecticides, 1 PGR, 3 soil sterilants 2005: 1 fungicide, 1 insecticide, 1 molluscicide, 3 soil sterilants; 1 herbicide only available as SOLA/EAMU 2010: 2 fungicides, 1 herbicide, 2 insecticides, 1 molluscicide, 2 soil sterilants, 1 vertebrate control agent; 2 herbicides only available as SOLA/EAMU Slide 77 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 31: Indicator - Pesticide Availability Total number of active substances authorised* to control phoma canker, cabbage stem flea beetle and cleavers in winter oilseed rape crops (*on-label and SOLA/EAMU) Source: HSE Notes: 2005: one herbicide authorised for cleaver control is only available as SOLA/EAMU 2010: one herbicide authorised for cleaver control is only available as SOLA/EAMU See Figure 32 for numbers of active substances used by growers against the target pests. Slide 78 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 32: Total number of active substances (probably) used by growers to control phoma canker, cabbage stem flea beetle and cleavers in winter oilseed rape crops (on-label and SOLA/EAMU) Source: HSE Notes: For 2005 and 2010: one herbicide authorised for cleaver control is only available as SOLA/EAMU Slide 79 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Part 10: Indicators 10 Slide 80 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Indicators Member States shall: calculate the harmonised risk indicators using the sales and usage data collected under the statistics regulation; identify trends in the use of certain active substances; identify substances, crops, regions or practices that require attention or are examples of good practice Member states shall communicate the results of these evaluations to the Commission Slide 81 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Indicators Context Sophisticated and long-standing suite of indicators prepared by Pesticides Forum. Awaiting development of EU HAIR indicators Regulatory measures Collection of pesticide usage and sales data. Food residue monitoring programme. Number of human health monitoring surveys (being reviewed) Non-regulatory Wildlife Incident monitoring schemes Research and development Pest, weed and disease survey reports Slide 82 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Source: Food & Environment Research Agency (FERA) Pesticides Usage Survey N.B. Totals exclude sulphuric acid. * figures include Northern Ireland Figure 36: Indicator Pesticide Usage Estimated annual usage for all crops in Great Britain (tonnes of active substance applied) Slide 83 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp CropMajor pest, disease or weed IncidenceImpact on pesticide use Notable changes in pesticide use Winter wheatSeptoria Increased use of SDHI fungicides & increased rates. Winter WheatFusarium ear blight & Microdochium ear blight Increased use of T3 ear wash sprays. Seed treatment expected to increase for 2013. Winter wheat & barleyAphids =Increased BYDV in 2012 which could result in increased insecticide use in 2013 Winter wheatBlack-grass =Increased resistance Oilseed rapeSclerotinia = Key Issues and Pesticide Use- Arable Crops Pest, disease, weed incidence in 2011/12 = Large increase Small increase NormalSmall decrease Large decrease Key: Source: ADAS See http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/guidance/industries/pesticides/topics/about-pesticides/pest-disease-and-weed-incidence-informationhttp://www.pesticides.gov.uk/guidance/industries/pesticides/topics/about-pesticides/pest-disease-and-weed-incidence-information Slide 84 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Key Issues and Pesticide Use- Arable Crops II Pest, disease, weed incidence in 2011/12 CropMajor pest, disease or weed IncidenceImpact on pesticide use Notable changes in pesticide use PotatoLate blight Number of sprays increased (from 10 per crop) as newer, more aggressive disease strains develop. PotatoStorage diseases = Oilseed rapeSclerotinia =Recommendation that MBC, SDHI and strobilurins are not used more than once on their own Oilseed rapeLight leaf Spot = MaizeEyespot = Large increase Small increase NormalSmall decrease Large decrease Key: Source: ADAS See http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/guidance/industries/pesticides/topics/about-pesticides/pest-disease-and-weed-incidence-informationhttp://www.pesticides.gov.uk/guidance/industries/pesticides/topics/about-pesticides/pest-disease-and-weed-incidence-information Slide 85 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp CropMajor pest, disease or weed IncidenceImpact on pesticide use Notable changes in pesticide use Soft Fruit (strawberry) Slugs High levels in the summer resulted in increased molluscicide use. StrawberryRedcore Fosetyl-aluminium (Aliette) until stocks ran out then switched to the newly introduced fenamidone + fosetyl- aluminium (fenomenal) AppleApple scab More sprays at poor timings due to weather issues. CarrotAll disease =Protectant sprays used therefore application occurs before symptoms OnionDowny Mildew Increased use of Unicur and Valbon due to short harvest intervals Key Issues and Pesticide Use- Horticulture Crops Pest, disease, weed incidence in 2011/12 = Large increase Small increase NormalSmall decrease Large decrease Key: Source: ADAS See http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/guidance/industries/pesticides/topics/about-pesticides/pest-disease-and-weed-incidence-informationhttp://www.pesticides.gov.uk/guidance/industries/pesticides/topics/about-pesticides/pest-disease-and-weed-incidence-information Slide 86 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 37: Indicator - Cropped areas (in hectares) in the UK Source: Defra UK June Agricultural Survey 2012, Welsh Government hectares Slide 87 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 38: Indicator - Pesticide average inputs per crop (kg active substance applied per hectare grown) in the UK including soil sterilants Source: Pesticides Usage Survey Surveys are not conducted annually for all crops. The most recent year of data availability is shown against each crop. *Figures relate to GB usage only, other figures are for UK usage kg active substance applied per hectare grown Slide 88 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 39: Indicator - Pesticide average inputs per crop (kg active substance applied per hectare grown) in the UK excluding soil sterilants Source: Pesticides Usage Survey Surveys are not conducted annually for all crops. The most recent year of data availability is shown against each crop. *Figures relate to GB usage only, other figures are for UK usage kg active substance applied per hectare grown Slide 89 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 40: Indicator Pesticide average inputs for oilseed rape (kg active substance applied per hectare grown) in Great Britain Source: Pesticides Usage Survey kg active substance applied per hectare grown Slide 90 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 41: Indicator - Herbicide use on oilseed rape (number of products and total doses of active substances per hectare) Source: Pesticides Usage Survey kg active substance per hectare Slide 91 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Figure 42: Indicator - Insecticide use on oilseed rape (number of products and total doses of active substances per hectare) Source: Pesticides Usage Survey kg active substance per hectare Slide 92 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Summary and future plans 10 Slide 93 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Summary - usage Use of pesticides not impacting adversely UK health or environment statutory and voluntary controls effective, but scope to reduce risks further Pesticide usage affected by season, product availability, resistance, commodity prices continued decline in use of active substance application technology continues to improve precision of application Training of pesticide users increasing 85% sprayed area are NRoSO members improvements in Amenity and for garden centre staff Slide 94 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Summary focus for improvement Further reduce water bodies at risk from pesticides Key bird species continue to decline More recycling of packaging Reduce misuse and/or abuse Improve users understanding of risk and risk mitigation in both the amenity and the home and garden sectors Slide 95 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Summary future plans Continue to meet challenge of securing food supply Continue to encourage best practice Implementation of National Action Plan (NAP) Pesticides Forum is principal stakeholder group Implementation of Sustainable Use Directive (SUD) Promotion of IPM/Integrated Crop Management (ICM) Short-life working groups and expert contributions specific topics identified by Government or stakeholders report back to Pesticides Forum Indicators To further align with SUD and NAP Slide 96 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Priorities for 2012/13 Protecting water Metaldehyde, oilseed rape herbicides Improving standards in non-agricultural sectors Amenity; home and garden Promotion of IPM Pesticides Forum will work with member organisations and other stakeholders to help further reduce the risk to human health and the environment Slide 97 For more information see: www.pesticides.gov.uk/pesticides_forum_home.asp Acknowledgements Member Organisations of the Pesticides Forum and many others provide data and analysis used in Indicators