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An overview of the Victorian gold rush of the 1850s and its impact on Australia


  • The Gold Rush
  • Gold Rush: earlier discoveries
    • Convicts found gold and were flogged
    • Authorities were worried about a rush
    • Well have our throats cut!
  • Gold Rush
  • Gold Rush: around the world
    • Other rushes:
    • California rush 1848-49
    • 1851 Victorian gold rush began
    • biggest of several Australian gold rushes
    • many miners from Victoria later travelled to join a gold rush in NZ
    • this rush kick-started New Zealand's economy
  • Gold Rush: Victoria
    • The Victorian gold rush
    • was highly significant for the development of Victoria and Melbourne
    • This included
        • political development
        • economic development
  • Gold Rush: Bendigo buildings
  • Gold Rush: Ballarat buildings
  • Gold Rush: impact
    • With the Australian gold rushes came
    • construction
        • first railways
        • first telegraph lines
    • migrants other places and cultures (beginning of multicultural Australia)
    • outbreaks of racism
    • the Eureka Stockade and changes to the system for election of parliamentarians in Victoria (and later Australia) vote for all adult males
    • the end of transportation of convicts
  • Gold Rush: transport
    • Many city people left for the diggings
    • Establishment of rich country towns
    • Development of transport
  • Gold Rush: Chinese Miners
    • Organised into groups, worked hard
    • Worked on mines others had left
    • Saved money, started businesses
  • Gold Rush: Many Cultures
    • The people who rushed to the goldfields
    • Came from all over Australia
    • Came from all over the world, inclding
        • Chinese
        • Irish
        • Russiona
  • Gold Rush Chinese migrants
    • 2,000 buried at Beechworth Cemetery (in Victoria)
  • Gold Rush Chinese migrants
    • largest non-British group of migrants during this period
    • in 1852 there was 400 Chinese immigrants
    • in 1855 more than 4,000
  • Gold Rush: Victoria
    • The Victorian gold rush
    • began just when Victoria became independent
    • thousands of miners arrived quickly
        • only 50 police and soldiers in colony
        • hard to find police criminals and misfits
    • Victorian government needed money
    • Victorian government controlled by rich farmers
        • introduced system of licences for gold diggers
  • Victorian Gold Rush: Licences
    • Mining Licences
    • expensive
    • not everyone found gold
    • police harassment
    • series of events led to unrest
  • Gold Rush: Eureka Stockade
    • The Stockade
    • People from around the world
    • Agreed to stand together
    Birth of the Eureka Flag
  • Gold Rush: Eureka Stockade
  • Gold Rush: Eureka Stockade EUREKA DECEMBER 3, 1854 (Oil on Canvas) Artist: George Browning A.M. (1918-2000)
  • Gold Rush: Eureka Stockade
    • many killed or arrested
    • leaders found not guilty by jury
    EUREKA DECEMBER 3, 1854 (Oil on Canvas) Artist: George Browning A.M. (1918-2000)
  • Gold Rush: Eureka Stockade EUREKA DECEMBER 3, 1854 (Oil on Canvas) Artist: George Browning A.M. (1918-2000)
  • Eureka Stockade: outcomes
    • Change in the Victorian law about who could vote
    • Leader Peter Lalor voted into Victorian parliament
    • parliament awarded a pension of 4,000 pounds when he retired in 1887