greek gods and goddesses


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Page 1: Greek gods and  goddesses



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Zeus (Jupiter)

• King of the gods.•Ruler of Mount Olympus.•Symbols include; thunderbolt, eagle, oak tree, scepter, and scales.•Zeus was carefree and loved to laugh out loud.•He possessed the perfect knowledge and was just, merciful and prudent. However, he was rather unpredictable, since no one could guess the decisions he would make.

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•Youngest child of the Titans Cronus and Rhea.•Husband and brother of Hera.•Had many children with different women, including Aphrodite, Apollo, Artemis, Athena, Hermes, Hephaestus, Persephone, Hebe, Heracles, Dionysus, Helen of Troy, Perseus, Aglaea, Aletheia, and Dike.

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Poseidon (Neptune)

• God of the seas, earthquakes, and tidal wave.•Symbols include the horse, bull, dolphin, and trident.•He was considered to be the bad-tempered, moody and greedy god among the Olympians.

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•Middle son of Cronus and Rhea.•Married to the nereid Amphitrie.•Also had many lovers like the other gods.•Also had children to different women. His children are; Triton, Pegasus, Areion, Polyphemus, The Aloadai, Orion, Neleus, Pelias, Nausithoos, Nauplios, and Euadne.

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Hades (Pluto)

•God of the underworld, dead and the riches.•His sacred symbol is his helmet.•He owns a three-headed dog namely, Cerberus.•Hades means “invisible” in ancient Greek.

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•He was born into the first Olympian generation.•The elder brother of Zeus, Poseidon, Hera , and Demeter, and Younger brother of Hestia.•He lives in the Underworld rather than on Mount Olympus.•His wife is Persephone whom he abducted from his sister Demeter and took with him down to the Underworld.

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Dionysus (Bacchus)

•God of wine, celebrations, and ecstasy.•Patron god of the art of theater.•Symbols include the grapevine, ivy, cup, tiger, panther, leopard, dolphin, and goat.•Known for his light-heartness and always offered his help to anyone in need.•He was very popular among gods and mortals.

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•Son of Zeus and the mortal Theban princess Semele.•Married to the Cretan princess Ariadne.•The youngest Olympian.•The only Olympian to have a mortal mother.

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Apollo (Apollo)

•God of light, knowledge, healing, plague and darkness, the arts, music, poetry, prophecy, archery, the sun, manly youth, and beauty.•Symbols include the sun, lyre, bow and arrow, raven, dolphin, wolf, swan, and mouse.

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• Son of Zeus and Leto.•Twin brother of Artemis.•Had a relationship with the Nymphs Cyrene and Daphne, and the mortal Coronis.•Father of Asclepius, Orpheus, Troilus, and Aristaeus.

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Hermes (Mercury)

•Messenger of the Gods.•God of commerce, thieves, and games.•Symbols include the caduceus (his staff), the purse (or leather pouch), the winged sandals, the ram and the petasus (his hat).•Hermes was the only Olympian god who was authorized to visit Heaven, Earth and also the Underworld and enjoyed this way popularity among all the Greek gods and spirits.

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•Son of Zeus and the mountain Nymph Maea.•He was born inside a cave on Mount Cyllene in Arcadia, southern Greece.•He had a relationship with Merope, Aphrodite, Dryope, and Peitho.•Father of Pan, Tyche, Abderus, Autolycus, Angelia and Hermaphroditus.•He is the second youngest among the gods.

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Ares (Mars)

•God of war, violence, and bloodshed.•His symbol is his spear.•His sacred animal is a dog.•Ares had a very difficult character to deal with and was therefore rather unpopular among the other deities and mankind.• He often had conflicts and fights with his half-sisters Artemis and Athena, especially during the Trojan War.

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•Son of Zeus and Hera.•Had an affair with Aphrodite.•Father of Eros, Himeros, Pothos, Phobos, Deimos, Armonia and Anteros.• Ares had his residence up on Mount Olympus and his throne was upholstered with human skin. Usually he was accompanied by Eris, the goddess of discord.•Usually he was riding a chariot, wearing a helmet on his head. In his hands he was holding a shield, a sword or a spear.

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Hephaestus (Vulcan)

•Master blacksmith and craftsman of the gods.•God of fire and the forge.•Symbols include fire, anvil, axe, donkey, hammer, tongs, and quail.•He was a very kind and loveable god, but was the only deity who was physically ugly and lame. 

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•Son of Zeus and Hera.•Husband of Aphrodite.•When his mother Hera saw him for the first time, she was so frustrated that she took her son and threw him from Mount Olympus to the depths of the seas, causing a deformation to his leg. Hephaestus was finally rescued by two Nereids, Thetis and Eurynome, who raised him for nine years inside a cave, far away and hidden from his cruel mother.

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Asclepius (Vejovis)

•God of medicine and healing.•He represents the healing aspect of the medical arts.

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•His daughters are Hygieia ("Hygiene", the goddess/personification of health, cleanliness, and sanitation), Iaso (the goddess of recuperation from illness), Aceso (the goddess of the healing process), Aglæa/Ægle (the goddess of beauty, splendor, glory, magnificence, and adornment), and Panacea (the goddess of universal remedy).

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Eros (Cupid)

•God of sexual love and beauty.•He was also worshiped as a fertility deity.•He was depicted often carrying a lyre or bow and arrow.•He is often accompanied by dolphins, roses, and torches.

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•Son of Aphrodite and Ares.•Husband of Psyche.•Father of Hedone.•He is represented as a blindfolded child, the precursor to the chubby Renaissance Cupid – whereas in early Greek poetry and art.•Eros was depicted as an adult male who embodies sexual power.

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Heracles (Hercules)

•The greatest of the Greek heroes.•A paragon of masculinity and a champion of the Olympian order against chthonic monsters.•Strongest of all mortals.•Offsetting his strength was a noticeable lack of intelligence or wisdom.

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•Son of Zeus and the mortal Alcemene.•Foster son of Amphitryon.•Great-grandson of Perseus.•He is the only man born of mortal woman to become a god upon his death.•Hera attempted to kill Heracles many times.•He was married to Hebe.

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Pan (Faunus)

•God of nature, the wild, shepherds and flocks, mountains, hunting, the forest, and rustic music, as well as the companion of the nymphs.•A lover of nymphs, who commonly fled from his advances. •Pan was depicted as a man with the horns, legs and tail of a goat, and with thick beard, snub nose and pointed ears.

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•Son of Hermes and Driope•His name originates within the Ancient Greek language, from the word paein (πάειν), meaning "to pasture.“•The worship of Pan began in Arcadia which was always the principal seat of his worship.

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Hera (Juno)•Queen of the gods.•Goddess of marriage and family.•Symbols include the peacock, pomegranate, crown, cuckoo, lion, and cow.•Hera was a beautiful, mature woman with big eyes and pierced lobes. She always took care of her appearance, dressing elegantly and decently in a feminine, but not exotic fashion. . However, Hera was not really a desirable woman, despite her beauty. For this reason, Aphrodite had to loan Hera her famous girdle to help her seduce her husband Zeus.

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•Wife and sister of Zeus.•Youngest child of Cronus and Rhea.•Hera used to stay in high places in order to keep an eye on her husband's doings. There were times she would also interfering, causing harm to Zeus' mistresses, since Zeus himself was invincible.•Mother of Hebe, Eilithya, Ares, and Hephaestus.

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Demeter (Ceres)

•Goddess of fertility, agriculture, nature, and the seasons.•Symbols include the poppy, wheat, torch, and pig.•Her Latin name Ceres gave us the word “cereal”.•Demeter was most appreciated for introducing wheat to mankind, making man different from animals.

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•Middle daughter of Cronus and Rhea.•Had a child with Zeus.•Mother of Persephone.•Demeter was a peace-loving deity and the source of all growth and life; she was the goddess who provided all nutrition on the earth and taught mortals how to cultivate the earth and ease life.

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Artemis (Diana)

•Goddess of hunt, virginity, childbirth, archery, the moon, and all animals.•Symbols include the moon, deer, hound, she-bear, snake, cypress tree, and bow and arrow.•Artemis had absolute sovereignty over nature and was said to bring fertility to all places that worshipped her.

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•Daughter of Zeus and Leto.•Twin sister of Apollo.• Artemis was born before Apollo and helped her mother give birth to her little brother.•She never married.•Artemis had asked from her father Zeus to remain an eternal virgin and therefore became one of the three Virgin Goddesses in Greek mythology.

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Athena (Minerva)•Virgin goddess of wisdom, handicrafts, defense, and strategic warfare.•Symbols include the owl and the olive tree.•The patron deity of the city of ancient Athens and the Parthenon was built in her honour.

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•Daughter of Zeus and the Oceanid Metis.•She rose from her father’s head fully grown and in full battle armor after he swallowed her mother.•Athena never married and had no children.

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Aphrodite (Venus)

•Goddess of love, beauty, and desire.•Symbols include the dove, bird, apple, bee, swan, myrtle, and rose.•Aphrodite may have been the most attractive goddess, but according to the Iliad(the famous poem by Homer), she was a rather weak, frightful goddess.

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•Daughter of Zeus and Oceanid Dione.•Or perhaps Aphrodite was created from the foam of the crystal waters of Paphos in the fragrant island of Cyprus, when the Titan Cronos slew his father, the major Titan Ouranos, and threw then his genitals into the sea.•Married to Hephaestus, but her heart was devoted to Ares.

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Hestia (Vesta)•Goddess of the hearth and of the right ordering of domesticity and the family.•One of the three Virgin goddess.•Hestia was a kind, forgiving goddess and had a discrete character. She never left her residence, the sacred mountain of Olympus and never participated in any disputes or wars. For this reason, all Olympian gods respected and loved her.

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•Eldest daughter of Cronus and Rhea.•Belong to the original twelve Olympians until she gave her throne to Dionysus in order to keep the peace, making her the most generous and gentlest of the gods.•Eldest of the Olympians.

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Persephone (Proserpina)

•Queen of the Underworld•Goddess of spring time.•Persephone was usually depicted as a young goddess holding sheaves of grain and a flaming torch.

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•Daughter of Demeter and Zeus.•She became the consort of Hades when he kidnapped her.•Persephone ate six of the twelve pomegranate seeds, therefore she had to spend six months in the underworld each year.

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Hebe (Juventas)

•Cupbearer of the gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus, serving their nectar and ambrosia.•Goddess of the youth.•Married to his half-brother Heracles.