greek mythology : gods & goddesses

Greek Mythology: Gods & Goddesses

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Greek Mythology : Gods & Goddesses. Mythology. Ancient cultures used mythology belief systems much the same way that people use modern religion. 1. to explain the world 2. to instruct or guide proper behavior 3. to give a sense of community. Origins of Mythology. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Page 1: Greek Mythology :  Gods  &  Goddesses

Greek Mythology:

Gods & Goddesses

Page 2: Greek Mythology :  Gods  &  Goddesses

Mythology Ancient cultures used mythology beliefsystems much the same way that peopleuse modern religion.

1. to explain the world2. to instruct or guide

proper behavior3. to give a sense of


Page 3: Greek Mythology :  Gods  &  Goddesses

Origins of MythologyAncient mythology belongs to the oral

tradition (folklore, legends, etc.)

1. stories passed orally appealed to the non-literate

2. these stories were a form of entertainment

3. the stories enabled the passing of history and culture from one group to the next

Page 4: Greek Mythology :  Gods  &  Goddesses

Archetypal Myth Symbols

Many cultures share myth symbols. Some of these are:1. The great flood or fire2. The serpent3. Things organized into 3, 7, or 124. The woman who brings evil into the

world5. The family “romance”

Page 5: Greek Mythology :  Gods  &  Goddesses

Greek Mythology1. The Greeks were the earliest people to give

their gods human forms2. The Greeks also

gave the gods human qualities and emotions

3. Greeks were able to determine proper behavior based on what would “anger the gods” or “please the gods.”

Page 6: Greek Mythology :  Gods  &  Goddesses

Greek Myth Categories

The Greek myths fall into the followingcategories:

a. Explanatory

(Pyramus and Thisbe)

b. Instructional(Daedalus and Icarus)

c. Entertainment

Page 7: Greek Mythology :  Gods  &  Goddesses

Remember the Titans?

• Gaea: Earth Goddess; made the rest of the Titans by mating with her son, Uranus.

• Uranus: Sky god; first ruler. Dethroned by Cronus.

• Cronus: Fathered the first of the Olympians. Swallowed his children except for Zeus.

• Prometheus: “Forethought” ; Protector of man; inventor of fire.

• Atlas: Punished by having to hold the world on his back.

Page 8: Greek Mythology :  Gods  &  Goddesses

Who Were the Olympians?

• The offspring of the Titans

• Overthrew the Titans in a war to control the universe.

• Led by Zeus, the god of the other gods.

• Zeus and his brothers split territory (Zeus- earth/sky, Poseidon- the seas, Hades- the underworld)

Page 9: Greek Mythology :  Gods  &  Goddesses

The Twelve Olympians• Aphrodite: goddess of love and beauty. Her

symbols were the dove, and myrtle, a type of evergreen shrub. Her Latin name was Venus.

• Apollo: god of the sun and of music. His symbols were the lyre, the chariot, and the laurel tree. His Latin name was Apollo.

• Ares: god of war. His symbols were armor,

dogs, and vultures. His Latin name was Mars.

Page 10: Greek Mythology :  Gods  &  Goddesses

• Artemis: goddess of the hunt and of the moon. Her symbols were hunting, weapons, stags, and the crescent moon. Her Latin name was Diana.

• Athena: goddess of wisdom and war. Her symbols were the owl, the olive tree, and two types of armor—the breastplate and the aegis, a shield. Her Latin name was Minerva.

• Demeter: goddess of agriculture. Her symbols were sheaves of wheat, and the poppy. Her Latin name was Ceres.

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• Dionysus: god of wine and revelry. His symbols were grapes and other crops. His Latin name was Bacchus.

• Hephaestus: god of fire and of the forge. His symbols were the anvil and the hammer. His Latin name was Vulcan.

• Hera: queen of the gods. Her symbols were the peacock and the pomegranate. Her Latin name was Juno.

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• Hermes: messenger of the gods. His symbols were a winged cap and sandals. His Latin name was Mercury.

 • Poseidon: god of the sea. His symbols

were the trident, a three pronged spear, and dolphins. His Latin name was Neptune.

 • Zeus: king of the gods. His symbols were

the thunderbolt, the eagle, and the oak tree. His Latin name was Jupiter.

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Family Tree

Page 14: Greek Mythology :  Gods  &  Goddesses

Other Gods and Goddesses

Eris - Goddess of Discord. Eros - God of Love. Helios - Personification of the Sun. Heracles - Greatest hero of the Greek myths. Iris - Personification of the Rainbow, also the

messenger of Olympus along with Hermes.Morpheus - God of Dreams. Muses - Nine ladies of science and arts. Nemesis - Greek goddess of retribution. Nike - Goddess of victory.