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Group Psychotherapy

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Group Therapy

Sathish RAJAMANI. M.Sc (N) Lecturer - AMCON

IntroductionHuman beings are complex creatures who share their activities of daily living with various groups of people. Human beings are Biological organism Psychological organism Social organism

DEFINITION Group Collection of individuals whose

associations are founded on shared commonalities of interest. Group

Therapy A form of psycho social

treatment in which a number of clients meet together with a therapist for the purpose of sharing, gaining personal insight, and improving interpersonal coping strategies

GROUP FUNCTIONSSampson and Marthas (1990), have outlined eight functions that group serve for their members. Socialization Support Task Completion Camaraderie Informational Normative EmpowermentGovernance

GROUPS TYPES

Clark (1994) identifies three types of groups.

I. II. III. IV.

Task Groups Teaching Groups Supportive Therapeutic Groups Self Help Groups

SELECTION Homogeneous Adolescents

and patients with

PD Families and couples where the system needs change.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Antisocial Patients. Actively suicidal or severely depressed patients. Patients who are delusional.

PHYSICAL CONDITIONSSEATING SIZE

SEATING There

should not be any barriers between the members. A circle of chair is better than chairs around a table. Members should be encouraged to sit in different chairs for each meeting.

SIZE 8 members in a group favors the therapeutic environment. The larger the size, less time is available to devote to individual members.7

MEMBERSHIP Open

/ Close ended groups. Open ended groups are those in which members leave and others join at any time while the group exists. Open ended groups are commonly used in short term in patients.

MEMBERSHIP Close

ended groups are usually pre determined and have fixed time frame. All members join at the time the group is organized and terminate at the end of the designate time period.

APPROACHESTherapist role Facilitator (Provides safe and comfortable environment). Focus on Here and Now. Protect members from any verbal abuse or scapegoating. Provide positive reinforcement. Therapist should approach the clients in a group in a gentle, supportive and non threatening manner.

APPROACHES

Able to preserve the self esteem of hallucinatory

and delusional patients. Must able to set limits for the undesired behaviors of the clients. Use Silence. Encourage Introspection and Facilitate Insight. Laughter and Moderate Joking contributes to group cohesiveness. Role playing helps members to develop insight.

THERAPEUTIC FACTORSSharing Experience II. Support to and from group members III. Socialization IV. Limitation V. Interpersonal LearningI.

TECHNIQUESReflecting or rewarding comments of group members. Asking for group reaction to one member's statement. Pointing out any shared feelings within the group. Summarizing various points at the end of the session.

CONCLUSION

Group Therapy plays a major role in rehabilitation of mentally ill patient. It gives an opportunity for immediate feedback. It facilitates chance for therapist to observe the patients emotional and behavioral response towards variety of people. Enhances patients IPR, Communication, decision making and assertive skills.