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HAYAO MIYAZAKI

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HAYAO MIYAZAKI

BIOGRAPHY

Hayao Miyazaki is a famous animation director and manga artist. Growing up

on 5/1/1941, in Tokyo, during World War II. His career began in 1963 in the Toei

Douga studio. In 1971, He worked for A-pro studio. After 2 years, moving to

Nippon Animation. From 1978 to 2008 he made a lot of famous animation films:

Future Boy Conan (1978), Lupin the III: The Castle of Cagliostro (1979),

Nausicaa of the Valley of Wind (1984), Laputa: Castle in the Sky (1986), My

Neighbor Totoro (1988), Kiki’s Delivery Service (1989), Crimson Pig (1992),

Princess Mononoke (1997), Spirited Away (2001), Howl’s Moving Castle (2004)

and Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea (2008)

Hayao Miyazaki was born on 5 January 1941, in Tokyo. When he was a child, he enjoyed drawing airplanes that was influenced on animations and the reason was that his father - Katsuji (1915 - 1993) was a director of Miyazaki airplane. His mother fought against the disease - tuberculosis for 9 years. In addition, most of his female characters were based on his mother.

While watching the first Japanese colour cartoon – Hakuja Den in 1958, he was interested in animation and intended to be a comic artist. He got dual degrees – Politic science and economics from Gakushuin University. During this time, he worked for the Children’s Literature Research, which was supported useful knowledge for his career.

WHO

He was the famous Japanese

animation director and manga artist.

People called him as the Japanese

Walt Disney. In all his films, flying

scenes and airplanes always

appear. He loved drawing a pig in

some comic books and explained,

“The behaviour of pigs is very similar

to human behaviour. I really like pigs

at heart, for their strengths as well as

their weaknesses. We look like pigs,

with our round bellies. They’re close

to us”. All his characters were created

from people who he knew in real life.

For example, in Spirited Away (2001),

the idea to make Chihiro was from

daughter of his friend

WHAT

After graduating from Gakushuin

University, he had a job in Toei Douga

studio. His first project was Watchdog

Bow Wow anime film during practicing

in this studio. In 1964, Hayao became

the Chief Secretary of Toei Douga’s

labor union. He worked at A-Pro in

1971, after 2 years, he moved to

Nippon Animation.

In 1979, he produced his first movie

Lupin III TV series, after that becoming

as a chief instructor for new animators

at Telecom. In 1984, he succeeded in

Nausicaa of the Valley of the Wind.

After this achievement, the new studio

– Studio Ghibli was built in 1985.

WHERE & WHEN

When he watched the first Japanese

colour anime Hakuja Den, he fell in

love with making animation film and

Comic book. Therefore, he decided to

become a manga artist and director.

Also, his father who was a director of

Miyazaki airplane was the reason for

him to begin to draw especially

airplanes. Moreover, Paul Gtimault

who was the French animator, Yuri

Nordstein from Russia and Frederick

Bach from Canada were affected his

thinking and design.

W H Y

H O WMiyazaki’s Manga or anime story was an inspiration for some western authors,

such as Ursula K. Le Guin, Lewis Carroll, and Diana Wynne Jones because

his stories were variety and had a meaning message about humankind, nature,

ecology, human spirit and pollution. Also, Miyazaki and Jean Giraud – the writer

and illustrator affected ideas and design each other but they respect their own

products. Therefore, 2004-2005, they had an exhibition of their own and co-

operative design. The name of this exhibition was Miyazaki et Moebius: Deux

Artistes Dont Les Dessins Prennent Vie (Two Artists’ Drawings Taking on a Life

of Their Own).

REFERENCE LIST1. IMDb, Biography for Hayao Miyazaki, http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0594503/bio

2. Steven Feldman, 24/6/94, HAYAO MIYAZAKI BIOGRAPHY, Revision 2, http://www.nau-

sicaa.net/miyazaki/miyazaki/miyazaki_biography.txt

3. Minoru Matsutani, Tues 30/9/2008, HAYAO MIYAZAKI Japan’s greatest film

director?, http://www.japantimes.co.jp/text/nn20080930i1.html

4. The boggle, 28/7/2011, The Influences of Hayao Miyazaki, http://we-are-ghibli.devian-

tart.com/journal/The-Influences-of-Hayao-Miyazaki-245180562

5. Tom Mes, 1/7/2002, Hayao Miyazaki, http://www.midnighteye.com/interviews/hayao_mi-

yazaki.shtml

6. Xan Brooks, Wed 14/9/2005, A god among animators, http://www.guardian.co.uk/

film/2005/sep/14/japan.awardsandprizes

PICTURES1. http://static.zerochan.net/full/45/12/238145.jpg

2. http://thehappinesshotel.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/hayao-miyazaki.jpg

3. http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-RSAgxy4357I/Tguq7g9pviI/AAAAAAAABvQ/GA-9bsSZqhw/

s1600/studio_ghibli.jpg

4. http://static.tumblr.com/b9miezc/cbXlmb992/ghiblogo.gif

5. http://cmttorrevillas.files.wordpress.com/2010/12/hayaomiyazaki1.jpg

6. http://konachan.com/post/show?md5=88623d3c71d28d620eb853f754a1e0cd

7. http://desktop-wallpapers.pics365web.net/18647-hayao-miyazaki-wallpapers.html

8. http://content7.flixster.com/photo/11/33/27/11332793_gal.jpg

9. http://s3.amazonaws.com/twitpic/photos/full/271401488.jpg?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAJF

3XCCKACR3QDMOA&Expires=1322411746&Signature=STC69iEt2Ikl0EEBVxi62KW%2B

jhg%3D

10. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-UPCpDiPvuH8/Tdk2An_ApAI/AAAAAAAAAH8/ZPSit_qcvaM/

s1600/Laputa-Castle-In-The-Sky-3-1024x768.jpg

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