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The History of Pens

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Page 1: History Of Pens

The History of Pens

Page 2: History Of Pens

• The “Pen” (Latin for pinna,feather) officially began in India approximately 5,000 B.C.E.

• It was made of feathers or bamboo sticks.

Page 3: History Of Pens

• The literature of Ramayana (4th Century B.C.E.) was written in this manner.

• The Ramayana is an ancient Sanskrit epic. • It is attributed to the Hindu sage Valmiki and forms an

important part of the Hindu canon

Page 4: History Of Pens

• As was the Puranas (1,500 B.C.E.). • The Puranas is a group of important Hindu religious texts, notably

consisting of narratives of the history of the universe from creation to destruction, genealogies of kings, heroes, sages, and demigods, and descriptions of Hindu cosmology, philosophy, and geography.

Page 5: History Of Pens

• Ancient Egyptians used thin reed brushes made from Juncus Maritimus as far back as the First Dynasty (3,000 B.C.E.).

Page 6: History Of Pens

• Reed Pens continued to be used until the Middle Ages.

Page 7: History Of Pens

• Reed pens were slowly replaced by quills in the 7th Century.

Page 8: History Of Pens

• The Quill pen was used in Qumran, Judea to write some of the Dead Sea Scrolls and then introduced to Europe by around 700 C.E.

Page 9: History Of Pens

• After the fall of the Roman Empire Europeans experienced some difficulty obtaining reeds and began using more quill pens.

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• This was specifically mentioned in the writing of St. Isidore of Seville.

Page 11: History Of Pens

• The Quill pen was used to Sign the Declaration of Independence in the United States in 1787.

Page 12: History Of Pens

• Quill pens were used up until the 19th century.

Page 13: History Of Pens

• A copper nib was found in the ruins of Pompeii.

• This indicates that metal nibs were used as far back as 79 C.E.

Page 14: History Of Pens

• A metal pen point was patented in 1803.• John Mitchell of Birmingham was the first to

mass produce pens with metal nibs in 1822.

Page 15: History Of Pens

• From that point the quality of steel nibs had improved enough that dip pens with metal nibs came into general use.

Page 16: History Of Pens

• The earliest record of a reservoir fountain pen dates back to the 10th century.

Page 17: History Of Pens

• In 953, Ma'ād al-Mu'izz, the Fatimid Caliph of Egypt, demanded a pen which would not stain his hands or clothes, and was provided with a pen which held ink in a reservoir and delivered it to the nib via gravity and capillary action.

Page 18: History Of Pens

• While a student in Paris, Romanian Petrache Poenaru re-invented the fountain pen, which the French Government patented in May 1827.

Page 19: History Of Pens

• Fountain pen patents and production then increased in the 1850s, especially steel pens produced by the same John Mitchell.

Page 20: History Of Pens

• The first patent on a ballpoint pen was issued on October 30 1888, to John J Loud.

Page 21: History Of Pens

• In 1938, László Bíró, a Hungarian newspaper editor, with the help of his brother George, a chemist, began to work on designing new types of pens including one with a tiny ball in its tip that was free to turn in a socket.

• As the pen moved along the paper, the ball rotated, picking up ink from the ink cartridge and leaving it on the paper.

Page 22: History Of Pens

• Erasable ballpoint pens were introduced by Papermate in 1979 when the Erasermate was put on the market.

Page 23: History Of Pens

• In the 1960s the felt-tipped pen was invented by Yukio Horie of the Tokyo Stationery Company, Japan.

Page 24: History Of Pens

• Papermate's Flair was among the first felt-tip pens to hit the U.S. market in the 1960s, and it has been the leader ever since.

Page 25: History Of Pens

• Marker pens and highlighters, both similar to felt pens have become popular in recent years.

Page 26: History Of Pens

• Rollerball pens were introduced in the early 1980s. They make use of a mobile ball and liquid ink to produce a smoother line.

Page 27: History Of Pens

• In 1997 the grip less ring pen was developed.

Page 28: History Of Pens

• The Fisher Space Pen was invented by American industrialist and pen manufacturer Paul C. Fisher and is manufactured in Boulder City, Nevada, USA.

• Fisher first patented the AG7 "anti gravity" pen in 1965.

Technologically Enhanced Pens

Page 29: History Of Pens

• Scanner Pens – can scan text right into the computer

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• Dictionary Pens – can scan and tell the meaning of a word

Page 31: History Of Pens

• Livescribe's Pulse Smart Pen can record and write