humantarian response to children in post earthquake situation cwish nepal

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To response the post-earthquake situation, CWISH has been supporting children in 5 affected districts; Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Dhading, Kavre to have access to a protective and safe environment for children that will allow for efficient learning and trauma healing after the earthquake. In this post-earthquake situation


  • Children and Women in Social Service and Human Rights (CWISH)

    Humanitarian Response to Children in Post-Earthquake Situation

    The most devastating earthquake of 7.6 on the Richter scale struck Nepal on 25th April and 6.8 Richter scale

    on May 12th causing widespread death, destruction and displacement of people. According to the data of

    Nepal Disaster Risk Reduction Portal created by the Government of Nepal, till date (May 20, 2015) 8,622

    people have lost their lives and 16,808 people are injured. 3424 people died in Sindhupalchowk only.

    The highly affected 14 districts are Sindhupalchowk, Dolakha, Gorkha, Dhading, Nuwakot, Kathmandu,

    Rasuwa, Bhaktapur, Kavre, Lalitpur, Ramechhap, Makawanpur, Solukhumbu and Okhaldhunga. There are

    more casualties in Sindhupalchowk, Kathmandu valley, Dolakha, Dhading, Gorkha and Kavre. Around 15%

    houses in these districts are collapsed while 95% and 90% damaged in Dolakha and Sindhupalchowk

    respectively. Total of 4,887,774 public houses are destroyed where 260,735 houses are partially destroyed

    in the affected districts. Most of the houses of remote villages have been totally collapsed caused hundreds

    of thousands people homeless.

    According to the initial report of Department of Education (DOE), 7093 schools are damaged, estimated

    870,000 children are out of school due to earthquake. Further, 24,974 classrooms are destroyed (totally

    collapsed/majorly damaged) where 20,071 (public) and 4,903 (private) school classrooms. Similarly, 9,986

    classrooms have minor damage. As estimated by DOE, there is a need of 15,000 Temporary Learning

    Centers (TLCs) in the affected schools to resume the classes and it is proposing for TLCs and psychosocial

    counseling support to teachers to ensure the protective environment for children and prepare teachers and

    students to go to schools.

    To response the post-earthquake situation, CWISH has been supporting children in 5 affected districts;

    Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Dhading, Kavre to have access to a protective and safe environment for

    children that will allow for efficient learning and trauma healing after the earthquake. In this post-earthquake

    situation, CWISH has been conducting following activities:

    Child Friendly Spaces (CFSs)

    - for children to have a place to play, learn and stay safe

    Psychosocial counseling to traumatized children - early intervention prevents PTSD

    Psychosocial counseling orientation to teachers

    - for identification and intervention at CFSs and TLCs

    Establishment of Temporary Learning Centers (TLCs)

    - to ensure continuity of education

    Information desks / Check-points

    - to prevent child trafficking

    Transit Center in Dhading

    - for children unknown on whereabouts of families and vulnerable

    Supporting to pregnant women, lactating mothers and infants with nutritious food, warm clothes

    - to ensure a safe start at life for the most vulnerable

    Radio Message / Public Social Announcements (PSAs)

    - to raise awareness on child protection in post earthquake

  • 1. Child Friendly Space (CFS): A space

    where children enjoy with recreational

    and learning activities is child friendly

    space. The recreational and learning

    materials are availed in each of the

    centers. These CFS are established in

    coordination with Protection Cluster.

    The CFS is in good supervision of

    teachers who have received trainings

    in psychosocial counseling organized

    by CWISH.

    CWISH established 15 such centers in

    different places of Kathmandu Valley

    and 2 in Kavre district. More than 1000

    children are benefiting from such

    centers. Now, 12 CFS are functioning

    while 5 CFS in Baniyatar, Champi,

    Suryabinayak and Madhyapur are

    closed after the second quake. These

    centers is well appreciated by the

    community people as children enjoy

    learning while playing and are more

    secure within the centers. Parents also say that they are relieved sending their children in CFS during

    this unpredictable disastrous situation. The details of CFS is in Annex 2;

    "Everything was getting normal gradually. But the second earthquake on May 12 terrified us. Thank

    God our children were in Child friendly Space at that time otherwise anything could have happened.

    We appreciate the work of CWISH in providing protective environment."

    - Parent of a child attending CFS in Bhaktapur

    2. Establishment of Temporary Learning Centers (TLCs): The quake has brought mayhem in 7093

    schools. CWISH has started to setup 20 TLCs in Lalitpur district with the support of UNICEF. The TLCs

    are also being established in Ramechhap and Dhading in the coordination of DEO.

  • 3. Psychosocial counseling to the

    traumatized children: The earthquake

    has caused psychological effect among

    people. Post traumatic stress disorder

    (PTSD) is seen among children. CWISH

    has been providing psychosocial

    counseling to the traumatized children

    from established CFS. Counselors and

    trained teachers who have received

    psychosocial counseling training observe,

    identify and provide counseling to

    vulnerable and affected children.The

    severe cases are referred for necessary

    interventions. A total of 150 such children

    have been benefited.

    4. Psychosocial counseling training to

    the teachers: CWISH has been providing

    psychosocial counseling training

    especially trauma counseling to the

    teachers of Kathmandu valley.864

    teachers have been trained till May 12. We are further providing the training.

    5. Radio Message / Public Social Announcements (PSAs):

    CWISH aired PSAs related to earthquake awareness, post

    earthquake and child protection issues through Nepal FM,

    Radio Sagarmatha and local stations of 7 districts. Nepal FM

    (91.8 MHz), in Kathmandu valley plays the PSA 20 30 times

    per day. The same PSA is also aired through Prime FM 104.5

    MHz in Kavre, Radio Melamchi 107.2 MHz in

    Sindhupalchowk and Radio Dhading 106 MHz in Dhading

    district. The PSA has been aired about 20-30 times in the

    stations.The situation of children in post earthquake is aired

    every Wednesday in program titled 'Ajakakura' at 8 PM from

    Radio Sagarmatha.

    6. Information desk / Check Post: In post earthquake

    situation, children are vulnerable to abuse, exploitation and

    violence. Children are in risk of separation from families.

    CWISH collaborated with Protection Cluster, District Police and District Child Welfare Board to establish

  • information desk including police check post in Dhading (Malekhu and Gajuri). Similarly, CWISH

    together with District Child Welfare Board, District Police and Save the Children are setting-up

    Information Desk in 8 different places of Kavre. Further, Check Post has been setup in Sindhupalchowk

    (Bandeu, Melamchi and Bhotechaur) by protection cluster partners.

    a. 46 children claimed as orphan

    were unnecessarily separated

    from families from Ree VDC and

    Jharlang VDC, Dhading were

    brought towards Kathmandu.

    Considering the case of child

    trafficking, Central Child Welfare

    Board (CCWB), sent back these

    children to Dhading. They are

    staying in Transit Center in

    Dhadingbesi managed by District

    Child Welfare Board, CWISH and

    other protection cluster partners.

    Out of 46, only 3 had lost their

    parents. Please follow this link

    about news coverage;




    b. 2 children were on their way

    towards Mahendranagar. They

    were telling that someone was

    waiting in Mahendranagar (Far

    western region of Nepal) but were not sure. The Check Post managed by District Police and CWISH

    in Highway identified it suspicious and hence rescued these children. These children are staying in

    Transit Home in Dhadingbesi, Dhading. CWISH is tracing the family and planning for reintegration.

    7. Transit Center: CWISH together with District Child Welfare Board Dhading and Protection Cluster

    initiated to establish the Transit Center' in Dhadingbesi, Dhading to provide immediate and alternative

    care to the children. CWISH is tracing families and reintegrating children living in Transit Center.

    8. Support to pregnant women, lactating mothers and infants: CWISH together with District Child

    Welfare Board (DCWB) of Kathmandu and Lalitpur supported 200 lactating mothers and their neonatal

    with nutritious food, warm clothes, napkins, towels, and dairy essentials.

  • Annex 1: List of supporters:

    i. UNICEF

    ii. EveryChild UK

    iii. Save the Children

    iv. AC International Denmark

    v. Interpedia, Finland

    vi. Embassy of Finland in Nepal

    vii. TDH Germany

    viii. Bikas Association, Belgium

    ix. World Education

    x. Alliance Franaise de Kathmandu

    xi. Social Workers Association Nepal (SWAN)

    xii. Prayas Nepal

    xiii. Mahila Aatmanirbharta Kendra (MANK), Sindhupalchowk

    xiv. Shrijanshil Yuba Samaj (SYS), Ramechhap

    xv. Shreya Paudel / Monika Shrestha, UK

    xvi. John Peel, Australia

    xvii. Growing Holistic Approach for Rehabilitation (GHAR)

    xviii. Radio Sagarmatha