icomos-iscs : illustrated glossary on stone deterioration patterns

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  • ICOMOS International Scientific Committee for Stone (ISCS) . Comit scientifique international Pierre de lICOMOS

    English-French versionVersion Anglais-Franais

    CRACK & DEFORMATIONFISSURE & DFORMATION

    DETACHMENT DETACHEMENT

    FEATURES INDUCED BY MATERIAL LOSSFIGURES INDUITES PAR UNE PERTE DE MATIRE

    DISCOLORATION & DEPOSITALTRATION CHROMATIQUE ET DPT

    BIOLOGICAL COLONIZATIONCOLONISATION BIOLOGIQUE

    ICOMOS-ISCS :Illustrated glossary on stone deterioration patterns

    Glossaire illustr sur les formes daltration de la pierre

    MONUMENTS AND SITESMONUMENTS ET SITES XV

  • ICOMOS International Scientific Committee for Stone (ISCS) . Comit scientifique international Pierre de lICOMOS

  • RECOMMENDATIONS FOR BEST PRINTING RESULTSRECOMMANDATIONS POUR UN MEILLEUR RENDU L'IMPRESSION

    This 86 pages glossary is meant to be printed recto-verso in full colours. When the book isopen, each definition should appear on the left page, and the corresponding illustrations onthe right page.Ce glossaire comporte 86 pages. Pour qu'il soit comprhensible, il faut l'imprimer en pleinescouleurs et en recto-verso. Lorsque le livre est ouvert, chaque dfinition doit figurer sur lapage de gauche, et les illustrations correspondantes sur la page de droite.

    PURCHASING INFORMATIONPURCHASING ORDER

    A limited number of the printed version of this publication can be purchased from the ICOMOS-International Documentation Centre,Un nombre limit de la version imprime de cette publication est vendue par le centre dedocumentation d'ICOMOS International :49-51, rue de la fdration 75015 Paris, France - verrier@icomos.org, Fax : +33 1 45 66 06 22 :

    Postage Rate ICOMOS member Non memberEconomy 20 Euros 25 EurosPriority 25 Euros 30 Euros

    Name / Prnom : ............................................................................ Date : ...............................

    Family name / Nom de famille : ................................................................................................

    Company / Compagnie : ...........................................................................................................

    Address / Adresse : ...................................................................................................................

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    Tel : .................................. Fax : .................................. e-mail : ................................................

    Payment should be made in Euros by / Merci d'effectuer le paiement en Euros par :Credit Card / Carte bancaire (VIA, Eurocard, Mastercard, American Express)Pay Pal : to verrier@icomos.orgBank transfert to / Virement :

    CRDIT DU NORDIBAN: FR76 3007 6023 5211 5890 0020 018BIC: NORDFRPP

    Cheque : Only cheques from French Bank accounts are accepted / Cheque : Seuls les chques tablis sur une banque franaise sont accepts.

    ICOMOS-ISCS :Illustrated glossary on stone deterioration patternsGlossaire illustr sur les formes daltration de la pierre

    MONUMENTS AND SITESMONUMENTS ET SITES XV

    A dcouper et retourner ICOMOS International - 49-51, rue de la fdration - 75015 Paris, France

  • ICOMOS International Scientific Committee for Stone (ISCS) . Comit scientifique international Pierre de lICOMOS

  • CONTRIBUTORS /CONTRIBUTIONS(Alphabetical order / Ordre alphabtique)

    English version / Version Anglaise

    Tamara Anson Cartwright, Ministry of Culture, Toronto, Canada; Elsa Bourguignon,Conservation scientist, France; Philippe Bromblet, CICRP, Marseille, France; Jo Ann Cassar,Institute for Masonry and Construction Research, Msida, Malta; A. Elena Charola, Universityof Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA; Eddy De Witte, KIK-IRPA, Brussels, Belgium; JoseDelgado-Rodrigues, LNEC, Lisbon, Portugal; Vasco Fassina, SPAS-Veneto, Venice, Italy;Bernd Fitzner, RWTH, Aachen, Germany; Laurent Fortier, LRMH, Champs-sur-Marne, France;Christoph Franzen, IDK, Dresden, Germany; Jos-Maria Garcia de Miguel, ESM UPM,Madrid, Spain; Ewan Hyslop, British Geological Survey, Edinburgh, UK; Marie Klingspor-Rotstein, Skanska, Stockholm, Sweden; Daniel Kwiatkowski, Skanska, Stockholm, Sweden;Wolfgang E. Krumbein, ICBM, Oldenburg, Germany; Roger-Alexandre Lefvre, UniversityParis XII, Crteil, France; Ingval Maxwell, Historic Scotland, Edinburgh, UK; AndrewMcMillan, British Geological Survey, Edinburgh, UK; Dagmar Michoinova, NIPCMS, Prague,Czech republic, Tadateru Nishiura, Kokushikan University, Tokyo, Japan; Kyle Normandin,Wiss, Janney Elstner Associates Inc., New York, New York, USA; Andreas Queisser, EPFL,Lausanne, Suisse; Isabelle Pallot-Frossard, LRMH, Champs-sur-Marne, France; Vasu Poshyanandana, Office of National Museums Bangkok, Thailand; George W. Scherer,Princeton University, USA; Stefan Simon, Rathgen-Forschungslabor, Staatliche Museen zuBerlin, Germany; Rolf Snethlage, Bayerisches Landesamt fr Denkmalpflege, Munich,Germany; Francis Tourneur, Pierres et Marbres de Wallonie, Namur, Belgium; Jean-MarcVallet, CICRP, Marseille, France; Rob Van Hees, TNO, Delft, Netherland; Myrsini Varti-Matarangas, IGME, Athens, Greece; Vronique Vergs-Belmin, LRMH, Champs-sur-Marne, France; Tomas Warscheid, MPA, Bremen, Germany; Kati Winterhalter, Architect,Helsinki, Finland; David Young, Heritage consultant, Campbell, Australia.

    Translation and adaptation into French / Traduction et adaptation en FranaisP. Bromblet, J.-M. Vallet, V. Vergs-Belmin.

    Edition / Coordination : V. Vergs-BelminLay out / Maquette : Nadine Guyon

    ISBN : 978-2-918086-00-0 EAN : 9782918086000Impression septembre 2008, Ateliers 30 Impression, Champigny/Marne, France

    ICOMOS-ISCS :Illustrated glossary on stone deterioration patternsGlossaire illustr sur les formes daltration de la pierre

    MONUMENTS AND SITESMONUMENTS ET SITES XV

  • ICOMOS International Scientific Committee for Stone (ISCS) . Comit scientifique international Pierre de lICOMOS

  • The ICOMOS International Scientific Committee forStone (ISCS) is providing a forum for the interchange ofexperience, ideas, and knowledge in the field of stoneconservation. ISCS aims at facilitating the publication,dissemination and presentation of state of the artreviews on pre-identified issues. Simplification anddemystification of scientific information for practitio-ners are also part of the main goals of the group.

    In studies on stone deterioration and conservation, ter-minological confusions lead to major communicationproblems between scientists, conservators and practi-tioners. In this context, it is of primary importance to setup a common language; if degradation patterns can beshown, named and described, then they can be recogni-sed and compared with similar ones in a more accurateway in further investigations.

    The ISCS glossary constitutes an important tool forscientific discussions on decay phenomena and proces-ses. It is also an excellent basis for tutorials on stonedeterioration. It is based on the careful examination ofpre-existing glossaries of English terms. It does not aimat replacing these glossaries, often set up originally in alanguage other than English, and for most of them doneto a high standard.

    As President of ICOMOS I would like to congratulate theInternational Scientific Committee for Stone and itsPresident Vronique Verges-Belmin for the results ofyears of research presented in this publication. Stoneconservation is a crucial topic in monument conserva-tion and many of our National Committees all over theworld hope for advice and help from the specialistsfamiliar with traditional and modern methods ofconservation. The Illustrated Glossary on StoneDeterioration Patterns offers a wide range of sugges-tions and practical advice. Probably, after the English-French version becomes avaible the Glossary will alsobe translated into other languages. In view of the acce-lerating decay of our stone monuments worldwide thisis an exemplary contribution which will promote theinternational cooperation so important in this field.

    Prof. Dr. Michael Petzet, President of ICOMOS

    Le comit scientifique International de lICOMOS (ISCS)constitue un forum dchanges dexpriences, dides etde connaissances dans le domaine de la conservationde la Pierre. LISCS a pour but de faciliter la publication,la dissmination et la prsentation de revues sur unchoix de problmes. Il sattache aussi simplifier,dmystifier linformation scientifique pour les prati-ciens.

    Dans les tudes sur la dtrioration et la conservationde la pierre, les confusions terminologiques conduisent des problmes de communication majeurs entreconservateurs, restaurateurs et scientifiques. Dans cecontexte, ltablissement dun langage commun est pri-mordial. Si les figures daltration peuvent tre mon-tres, nommes et dcrites, elles peuvent tres recon-nues et compares de faon exacte avec dautres dansdes investigations ultrieures. Le glossaire illustr delISCS constitue ainsi un outil important pour les discus-sions interdisciplinaires sur les phnomnes et proces-sus de dgradation. Sa version publie sur Internet estgalement une excellente collection dimages pour lescours sur la conservation de la pierre.

    Le glossaire ISCS est construit partir dun examenattentif de glossaires prexistants en anglais. Il ne pr-tend pas sy substituer car ces derniers, pour la plupartoriginellement tablis dans dautres langues que lan-glais, sont pour la plupart trs bien faits.

    En tant que Prsident de l`ICOMOS, j`aimerais fliciter lecomit international Pierre et son prsident VroniqueVerges-Belmin pour le rsultat des annes de recher-ches prsent dans cette publication. La conservationde la pierre est un sujet crucial dans le domaine de laconservat