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IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4 AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM Funded by: Partnered by: Washington State Department of Labor and Industries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District Grant Program (SHIP). 113 and Marysville School District Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

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Page 1: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL

THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING

DAY 4 AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM

Funded by Partnered by Washington State Department of Labor and

Industries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service DistrictGrant Program (SHIP) 113 and Marysville School District

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

AGENDA DAY 4

bull Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL) bull Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior - Homework review

bull Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways

bull Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NORMS

1 Honor Time 2 Constructive Talk About Students and

Concerns 3 Maintain Confidentiality 4 Support the Learning Environment

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TOPICS FOR TODAY

Safe Working Environment

1 Understandingthe Relation

Between Disabilities and

Behavior

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

3 DevelopingPositive

Relationshipswith Students

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation

5 Identifying theLines of

Communication to Support a Safe

Environment

6 UnderstandingSpecial

Education Law to Guide Safe

Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

OUR AIM

Behavior Intervention Planning Cycle of Acting Out (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems (Source Colvin G 1992) Network)

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event

Alternative Behavior

Problem Behavior

Desired Behavior Consequence

Function

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS

bull moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)

bull The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)

bull Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES

bull The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullThe goals of most MBP in schools bullImprove attention bullIncrease emotional physical and cognitive awareness

and bullimprove emotional regulation (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullTypes of practice often include bullMeditation bullBreathing bullMovement

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS

Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of well-being and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY

bull Awareness of the breath bull Awareness of thoughts bull Awareness of bodily

sensations bull Awareness of emotions bull Awareness of awareness

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

Safe Working

Environment

3 DevelopingPositive

Relationshipswith Students

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE

THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo JOHN HATTIE (2009)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RELATIONSHIPS MATTER

bull ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)

bull ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo

bull Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

bull Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)

bull Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)

With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following 1 What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your

students 2 How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships 3 Share any bumps encountered in the road 4 Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note- simple ideas

are often the most useful

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING

Safe Working

Environment

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation 6 Understanding

SpecialEducation Law to

Guide Safe Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
                • bull
                  • bull
                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
                      • bull
                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
                          • bull
                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
                            • bull
                              • bull
                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
                                                                • bull
                                                                  • bull
                                                                    • bull
                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
                                                                      • bull
                                                                        • bull
                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
                                                                          • bull
                                                                            • bull
                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
                                                                                • bull
                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                • Meditation
                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence -This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Clues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • He is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Reprimanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Asked to leave the classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR (THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peers andor teacherlaughing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peers andor teachervisibly upset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Teacher has lengthydiscussion with student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher calls home
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Teacher takes away item points rewards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • No longer required to participate in instruction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Kept in at lunch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of recess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher moves the student to another spotin room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sent out of room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sent home for day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian is receiving bad grades in my class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • His state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Define the behavior of concern as an observable event
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How you feel about the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The day you are having
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • When does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Where does the behavior occur Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • How long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Behavior (Define the problem behavior) Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior) Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ACTIVITY -HOW DID YOU DO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Check your ABC data against your neighbor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What was hard about taking data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • What did you notice from the data for the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • If so is it working well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • If not what are your barriers to data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Desired Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Alternative Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for ways to draw others into a struggle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash confusion withdraw deny blame
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash relatively subdued in interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY -CREATING A PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Do you have an observable description of the features of the problem behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • When does it occur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Positive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Negative consequences (describe circumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How have you responded in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • What showed some promise Why did you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • What failed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm Maintain this with positive interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to resolve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time and space when appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation State expectation and consequence Use when then statements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak Safety first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If possible have student restore damage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thank you for joining our training
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • SELECTED REFERENCES
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West
Page 2: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

AGENDA DAY 4

bull Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL) bull Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior - Homework review

bull Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways

bull Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NORMS

1 Honor Time 2 Constructive Talk About Students and

Concerns 3 Maintain Confidentiality 4 Support the Learning Environment

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TOPICS FOR TODAY

Safe Working Environment

1 Understandingthe Relation

Between Disabilities and

Behavior

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

3 DevelopingPositive

Relationshipswith Students

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation

5 Identifying theLines of

Communication to Support a Safe

Environment

6 UnderstandingSpecial

Education Law to Guide Safe

Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

OUR AIM

Behavior Intervention Planning Cycle of Acting Out (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems (Source Colvin G 1992) Network)

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event

Alternative Behavior

Problem Behavior

Desired Behavior Consequence

Function

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS

bull moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)

bull The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)

bull Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES

bull The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullThe goals of most MBP in schools bullImprove attention bullIncrease emotional physical and cognitive awareness

and bullimprove emotional regulation (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullTypes of practice often include bullMeditation bullBreathing bullMovement

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS

Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of well-being and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY

bull Awareness of the breath bull Awareness of thoughts bull Awareness of bodily

sensations bull Awareness of emotions bull Awareness of awareness

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

Safe Working

Environment

3 DevelopingPositive

Relationshipswith Students

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE

THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo JOHN HATTIE (2009)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RELATIONSHIPS MATTER

bull ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)

bull ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo

bull Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

bull Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)

bull Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)

With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following 1 What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your

students 2 How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships 3 Share any bumps encountered in the road 4 Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note- simple ideas

are often the most useful

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING

Safe Working

Environment

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation 6 Understanding

SpecialEducation Law to

Guide Safe Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
                • bull
                  • bull
                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
                      • bull
                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
                          • bull
                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
                            • bull
                              • bull
                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
                                                                • bull
                                                                  • bull
                                                                    • bull
                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
                                                                      • bull
                                                                        • bull
                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
                                                                          • bull
                                                                            • bull
                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
                                                                                • bull
                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                • Meditation
                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence -This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Clues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • He is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Reprimanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Asked to leave the classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR (THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peers andor teacherlaughing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peers andor teachervisibly upset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Teacher has lengthydiscussion with student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher calls home
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Teacher takes away item points rewards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • No longer required to participate in instruction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Kept in at lunch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of recess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher moves the student to another spotin room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sent out of room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sent home for day
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian is receiving bad grades in my class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • His state math test scores were poor last year
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Define the behavior of concern as an observable event
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How you feel about the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The day you are having
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • When does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Where does the behavior occur Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • How long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Behavior (Define the problem behavior) Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior) Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ACTIVITY -HOW DID YOU DO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Check your ABC data against your neighbor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What was hard about taking data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • What did you notice from the data for the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • If so is it working well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • If not what are your barriers to data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Desired Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Alternative Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for ways to draw others into a struggle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash confusion withdraw deny blame
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash relatively subdued in interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY -CREATING A PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Do you have an observable description of the features of the problem behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • When does it occur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Positive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Negative consequences (describe circumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How have you responded in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • What showed some promise Why did you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • What failed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm Maintain this with positive interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to resolve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time and space when appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation State expectation and consequence Use when then statements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak Safety first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If possible have student restore damage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thank you for joining our training
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West
Page 3: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

AGENDA DAY 4

bull Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL) bull Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior - Homework review

bull Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways

bull Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NORMS

1 Honor Time 2 Constructive Talk About Students and

Concerns 3 Maintain Confidentiality 4 Support the Learning Environment

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TOPICS FOR TODAY

Safe Working Environment

1 Understandingthe Relation

Between Disabilities and

Behavior

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

3 DevelopingPositive

Relationshipswith Students

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation

5 Identifying theLines of

Communication to Support a Safe

Environment

6 UnderstandingSpecial

Education Law to Guide Safe

Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

OUR AIM

Behavior Intervention Planning Cycle of Acting Out (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems (Source Colvin G 1992) Network)

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event

Alternative Behavior

Problem Behavior

Desired Behavior Consequence

Function

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS

bull moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)

bull The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)

bull Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES

bull The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullThe goals of most MBP in schools bullImprove attention bullIncrease emotional physical and cognitive awareness

and bullimprove emotional regulation (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullTypes of practice often include bullMeditation bullBreathing bullMovement

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS

Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of well-being and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY

bull Awareness of the breath bull Awareness of thoughts bull Awareness of bodily

sensations bull Awareness of emotions bull Awareness of awareness

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

Safe Working

Environment

3 DevelopingPositive

Relationshipswith Students

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE

THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo JOHN HATTIE (2009)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RELATIONSHIPS MATTER

bull ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)

bull ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo

bull Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

bull Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)

bull Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)

With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following 1 What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your

students 2 How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships 3 Share any bumps encountered in the road 4 Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note- simple ideas

are often the most useful

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING

Safe Working

Environment

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation 6 Understanding

SpecialEducation Law to

Guide Safe Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
                • bull
                  • bull
                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
                      • bull
                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
                          • bull
                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
                            • bull
                              • bull
                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
                                                                • bull
                                                                  • bull
                                                                    • bull
                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
                                                                      • bull
                                                                        • bull
                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
                                                                          • bull
                                                                            • bull
                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
                                                                                • bull
                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                • Meditation
                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence -This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Clues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • He is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Reprimanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Asked to leave the classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR (THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peers andor teacherlaughing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peers andor teachervisibly upset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Teacher has lengthydiscussion with student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher calls home
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Teacher takes away item points rewards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • No longer required to participate in instruction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Kept in at lunch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of recess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher moves the student to another spotin room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sent out of room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sent home for day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian is receiving bad grades in my class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • His state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Define the behavior of concern as an observable event
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent events)
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How you feel about the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The day you are having
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • When does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Where does the behavior occur Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • How long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Behavior (Define the problem behavior) Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior) Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ACTIVITY -HOW DID YOU DO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Check your ABC data against your neighbor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What was hard about taking data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • What did you notice from the data for the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • If so is it working well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • If not what are your barriers to data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Desired Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Alternative Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for ways to draw others into a struggle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash confusion withdraw deny blame
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash relatively subdued in interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY -CREATING A PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Do you have an observable description of the features of the problem behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • When does it occur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Positive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Negative consequences (describe circumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How have you responded in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • What showed some promise Why did you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • What failed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm Maintain this with positive interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to resolve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time and space when appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation State expectation and consequence Use when then statements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak Safety first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If possible have student restore damage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thank you for joining our training
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West
Page 4: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

NORMS

1 Honor Time 2 Constructive Talk About Students and

Concerns 3 Maintain Confidentiality 4 Support the Learning Environment

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TOPICS FOR TODAY

Safe Working Environment

1 Understandingthe Relation

Between Disabilities and

Behavior

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

3 DevelopingPositive

Relationshipswith Students

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation

5 Identifying theLines of

Communication to Support a Safe

Environment

6 UnderstandingSpecial

Education Law to Guide Safe

Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

OUR AIM

Behavior Intervention Planning Cycle of Acting Out (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems (Source Colvin G 1992) Network)

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event

Alternative Behavior

Problem Behavior

Desired Behavior Consequence

Function

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS

bull moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)

bull The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)

bull Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES

bull The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullThe goals of most MBP in schools bullImprove attention bullIncrease emotional physical and cognitive awareness

and bullimprove emotional regulation (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullTypes of practice often include bullMeditation bullBreathing bullMovement

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS

Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of well-being and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY

bull Awareness of the breath bull Awareness of thoughts bull Awareness of bodily

sensations bull Awareness of emotions bull Awareness of awareness

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

Safe Working

Environment

3 DevelopingPositive

Relationshipswith Students

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE

THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo JOHN HATTIE (2009)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RELATIONSHIPS MATTER

bull ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)

bull ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo

bull Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

bull Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)

bull Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)

With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following 1 What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your

students 2 How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships 3 Share any bumps encountered in the road 4 Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note- simple ideas

are often the most useful

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING

Safe Working

Environment

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation 6 Understanding

SpecialEducation Law to

Guide Safe Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
                • bull
                  • bull
                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
                      • bull
                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
                          • bull
                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
                            • bull
                              • bull
                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
                                                                • bull
                                                                  • bull
                                                                    • bull
                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
                                                                      • bull
                                                                        • bull
                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
                                                                          • bull
                                                                            • bull
                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
                                                                                • bull
                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                • Meditation
                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence -This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Clues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • He is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Reprimanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Asked to leave the classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR (THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peers andor teacherlaughing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peers andor teachervisibly upset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Teacher has lengthydiscussion with student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher calls home
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Teacher takes away item points rewards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • No longer required to participate in instruction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Kept in at lunch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of recess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher moves the student to another spotin room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sent out of room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sent home for day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian is receiving bad grades in my class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • His state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Define the behavior of concern as an observable event
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How you feel about the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The day you are having
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • When does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Where does the behavior occur Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • How long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Behavior (Define the problem behavior) Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior) Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ACTIVITY -HOW DID YOU DO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Check your ABC data against your neighbor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What was hard about taking data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • What did you notice from the data for the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • If so is it working well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • If not what are your barriers to data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Desired Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Alternative Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for ways to draw others into a struggle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash confusion withdraw deny blame
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash relatively subdued in interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY -CREATING A PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Do you have an observable description of the features of the problem behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • When does it occur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Positive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Negative consequences (describe circumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How have you responded in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • What showed some promise Why did you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • What failed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm Maintain this with positive interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to resolve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time and space when appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation State expectation and consequence Use when then statements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak Safety first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If possible have student restore damage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thank you for joining our training
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • SELECTED REFERENCES
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West
Page 5: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

TOPICS FOR TODAY

Safe Working Environment

1 Understandingthe Relation

Between Disabilities and

Behavior

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

3 DevelopingPositive

Relationshipswith Students

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation

5 Identifying theLines of

Communication to Support a Safe

Environment

6 UnderstandingSpecial

Education Law to Guide Safe

Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

OUR AIM

Behavior Intervention Planning Cycle of Acting Out (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems (Source Colvin G 1992) Network)

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event

Alternative Behavior

Problem Behavior

Desired Behavior Consequence

Function

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS

bull moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)

bull The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)

bull Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES

bull The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullThe goals of most MBP in schools bullImprove attention bullIncrease emotional physical and cognitive awareness

and bullimprove emotional regulation (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullTypes of practice often include bullMeditation bullBreathing bullMovement

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS

Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of well-being and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY

bull Awareness of the breath bull Awareness of thoughts bull Awareness of bodily

sensations bull Awareness of emotions bull Awareness of awareness

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

Safe Working

Environment

3 DevelopingPositive

Relationshipswith Students

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE

THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo JOHN HATTIE (2009)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RELATIONSHIPS MATTER

bull ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)

bull ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo

bull Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

bull Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)

bull Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)

With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following 1 What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your

students 2 How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships 3 Share any bumps encountered in the road 4 Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note- simple ideas

are often the most useful

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING

Safe Working

Environment

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation 6 Understanding

SpecialEducation Law to

Guide Safe Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
                • bull
                  • bull
                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
                      • bull
                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
                          • bull
                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
                            • bull
                              • bull
                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
                                                                • bull
                                                                  • bull
                                                                    • bull
                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
                                                                      • bull
                                                                        • bull
                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
                                                                          • bull
                                                                            • bull
                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
                                                                                • bull
                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                • Meditation
                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence -This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Clues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • He is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Reprimanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Asked to leave the classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR (THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peers andor teacherlaughing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peers andor teachervisibly upset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Teacher has lengthydiscussion with student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher calls home
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Teacher takes away item points rewards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • No longer required to participate in instruction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Kept in at lunch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of recess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher moves the student to another spotin room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sent out of room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sent home for day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian is receiving bad grades in my class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • His state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Define the behavior of concern as an observable event
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How you feel about the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The day you are having
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • When does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Where does the behavior occur Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • How long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Behavior (Define the problem behavior) Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior) Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ACTIVITY -HOW DID YOU DO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Check your ABC data against your neighbor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What was hard about taking data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • What did you notice from the data for the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • If so is it working well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • If not what are your barriers to data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Desired Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Alternative Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for ways to draw others into a struggle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash confusion withdraw deny blame
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash relatively subdued in interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY -CREATING A PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Do you have an observable description of the features of the problem behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • When does it occur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Positive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Negative consequences (describe circumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How have you responded in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • What showed some promise Why did you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • What failed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm Maintain this with positive interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to resolve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time and space when appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation State expectation and consequence Use when then statements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak Safety first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If possible have student restore damage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thank you for joining our training
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West
Page 6: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

OUR AIM

Behavior Intervention Planning Cycle of Acting Out (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems (Source Colvin G 1992) Network)

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event

Alternative Behavior

Problem Behavior

Desired Behavior Consequence

Function

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS

bull moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)

bull The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)

bull Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES

bull The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullThe goals of most MBP in schools bullImprove attention bullIncrease emotional physical and cognitive awareness

and bullimprove emotional regulation (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullTypes of practice often include bullMeditation bullBreathing bullMovement

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS

Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of well-being and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY

bull Awareness of the breath bull Awareness of thoughts bull Awareness of bodily

sensations bull Awareness of emotions bull Awareness of awareness

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

Safe Working

Environment

3 DevelopingPositive

Relationshipswith Students

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE

THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo JOHN HATTIE (2009)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RELATIONSHIPS MATTER

bull ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)

bull ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo

bull Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

bull Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)

bull Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)

With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following 1 What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your

students 2 How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships 3 Share any bumps encountered in the road 4 Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note- simple ideas

are often the most useful

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING

Safe Working

Environment

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation 6 Understanding

SpecialEducation Law to

Guide Safe Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
                • bull
                  • bull
                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
                      • bull
                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
                          • bull
                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
                            • bull
                              • bull
                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
                                                                • bull
                                                                  • bull
                                                                    • bull
                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
                                                                      • bull
                                                                        • bull
                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
                                                                          • bull
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                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
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                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
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                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
                                                                                            • bull
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                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
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                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
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                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
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                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
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                                                                                                                                • Meditation
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                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
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                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
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                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
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                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
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                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
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                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
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                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
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                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
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                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
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                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence -This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Clues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • He is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Reprimanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Asked to leave the classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR (THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peers andor teacherlaughing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peers andor teachervisibly upset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Teacher has lengthydiscussion with student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher calls home
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Teacher takes away item points rewards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • No longer required to participate in instruction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Kept in at lunch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of recess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher moves the student to another spotin room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sent out of room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sent home for day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian is receiving bad grades in my class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • His state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Define the behavior of concern as an observable event
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How you feel about the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The day you are having
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • When does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Where does the behavior occur Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • How long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Behavior (Define the problem behavior) Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior) Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ACTIVITY -HOW DID YOU DO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Check your ABC data against your neighbor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What was hard about taking data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • What did you notice from the data for the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • If so is it working well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • If not what are your barriers to data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Desired Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Alternative Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for ways to draw others into a struggle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash confusion withdraw deny blame
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash relatively subdued in interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY -CREATING A PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Do you have an observable description of the features of the problem behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • When does it occur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Positive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Negative consequences (describe circumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How have you responded in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • What showed some promise Why did you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • What failed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm Maintain this with positive interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to resolve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time and space when appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation State expectation and consequence Use when then statements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak Safety first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If possible have student restore damage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thank you for joining our training
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West
Page 7: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS

bull moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)

bull The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)

bull Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES

bull The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullThe goals of most MBP in schools bullImprove attention bullIncrease emotional physical and cognitive awareness

and bullimprove emotional regulation (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullTypes of practice often include bullMeditation bullBreathing bullMovement

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS

Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of well-being and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY

bull Awareness of the breath bull Awareness of thoughts bull Awareness of bodily

sensations bull Awareness of emotions bull Awareness of awareness

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

Safe Working

Environment

3 DevelopingPositive

Relationshipswith Students

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE

THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo JOHN HATTIE (2009)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RELATIONSHIPS MATTER

bull ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)

bull ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo

bull Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

bull Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)

bull Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)

With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following 1 What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your

students 2 How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships 3 Share any bumps encountered in the road 4 Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note- simple ideas

are often the most useful

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING

Safe Working

Environment

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation 6 Understanding

SpecialEducation Law to

Guide Safe Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
                • bull
                  • bull
                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
                      • bull
                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
                          • bull
                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
                            • bull
                              • bull
                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
                                                                • bull
                                                                  • bull
                                                                    • bull
                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
                                                                      • bull
                                                                        • bull
                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
                                                                          • bull
                                                                            • bull
                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
                                                                                • bull
                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                • Meditation
                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
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                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
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                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence -This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Clues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • He is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Reprimanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Asked to leave the classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR (THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peers andor teacherlaughing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peers andor teachervisibly upset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Teacher has lengthydiscussion with student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher calls home
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Teacher takes away item points rewards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • No longer required to participate in instruction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Kept in at lunch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of recess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher moves the student to another spotin room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sent out of room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sent home for day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian is receiving bad grades in my class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • His state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Define the behavior of concern as an observable event
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How you feel about the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The day you are having
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • When does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Where does the behavior occur Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • How long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Behavior (Define the problem behavior) Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior) Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ACTIVITY -HOW DID YOU DO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Check your ABC data against your neighbor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What was hard about taking data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • What did you notice from the data for the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • If so is it working well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • If not what are your barriers to data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Desired Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Alternative Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for ways to draw others into a struggle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash confusion withdraw deny blame
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash relatively subdued in interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY -CREATING A PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Do you have an observable description of the features of the problem behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • When does it occur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Positive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Negative consequences (describe circumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How have you responded in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • What showed some promise Why did you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • What failed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm Maintain this with positive interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to resolve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time and space when appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation State expectation and consequence Use when then statements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak Safety first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If possible have student restore damage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thank you for joining our training
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West
Page 8: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS

bull moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)

bull The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)

bull Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES

bull The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullThe goals of most MBP in schools bullImprove attention bullIncrease emotional physical and cognitive awareness

and bullimprove emotional regulation (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullTypes of practice often include bullMeditation bullBreathing bullMovement

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS

Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of well-being and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY

bull Awareness of the breath bull Awareness of thoughts bull Awareness of bodily

sensations bull Awareness of emotions bull Awareness of awareness

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

Safe Working

Environment

3 DevelopingPositive

Relationshipswith Students

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE

THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo JOHN HATTIE (2009)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RELATIONSHIPS MATTER

bull ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)

bull ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo

bull Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

bull Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)

bull Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)

With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following 1 What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your

students 2 How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships 3 Share any bumps encountered in the road 4 Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note- simple ideas

are often the most useful

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING

Safe Working

Environment

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation 6 Understanding

SpecialEducation Law to

Guide Safe Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
                • bull
                  • bull
                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
                      • bull
                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
                          • bull
                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
                            • bull
                              • bull
                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
                                                                • bull
                                                                  • bull
                                                                    • bull
                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
                                                                      • bull
                                                                        • bull
                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
                                                                          • bull
                                                                            • bull
                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
                                                                                • bull
                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                • Meditation
                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence -This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Clues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • He is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Reprimanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Asked to leave the classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR (THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peers andor teacherlaughing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peers andor teachervisibly upset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Teacher has lengthydiscussion with student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher calls home
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Teacher takes away item points rewards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • No longer required to participate in instruction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Kept in at lunch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of recess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher moves the student to another spotin room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sent out of room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sent home for day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian is receiving bad grades in my class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • His state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Define the behavior of concern as an observable event
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How you feel about the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The day you are having
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • When does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Where does the behavior occur Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • How long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Behavior (Define the problem behavior) Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior) Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ACTIVITY -HOW DID YOU DO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Check your ABC data against your neighbor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What was hard about taking data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • What did you notice from the data for the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • If so is it working well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • If not what are your barriers to data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Desired Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Alternative Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for ways to draw others into a struggle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash confusion withdraw deny blame
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash relatively subdued in interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY -CREATING A PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Do you have an observable description of the features of the problem behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • When does it occur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Positive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Negative consequences (describe circumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How have you responded in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • What showed some promise Why did you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • What failed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm Maintain this with positive interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to resolve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time and space when appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation State expectation and consequence Use when then statements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak Safety first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If possible have student restore damage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thank you for joining our training
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West
Page 9: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES

bull The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullThe goals of most MBP in schools bullImprove attention bullIncrease emotional physical and cognitive awareness

and bullimprove emotional regulation (Meiklejohn et al 2012)

bullTypes of practice often include bullMeditation bullBreathing bullMovement

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS

Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of well-being and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY

bull Awareness of the breath bull Awareness of thoughts bull Awareness of bodily

sensations bull Awareness of emotions bull Awareness of awareness

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

Safe Working

Environment

3 DevelopingPositive

Relationshipswith Students

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE

THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo JOHN HATTIE (2009)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RELATIONSHIPS MATTER

bull ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)

bull ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo

bull Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

bull Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)

bull Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)

With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following 1 What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your

students 2 How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships 3 Share any bumps encountered in the road 4 Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note- simple ideas

are often the most useful

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING

Safe Working

Environment

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation 6 Understanding

SpecialEducation Law to

Guide Safe Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
                • bull
                  • bull
                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
                      • bull
                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
                          • bull
                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
                            • bull
                              • bull
                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
                                                                • bull
                                                                  • bull
                                                                    • bull
                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
                                                                      • bull
                                                                        • bull
                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
                                                                          • bull
                                                                            • bull
                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
                                                                                • bull
                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                • Meditation
                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence -This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Clues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • He is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Reprimanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Asked to leave the classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR (THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peers andor teacherlaughing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peers andor teachervisibly upset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Teacher has lengthydiscussion with student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher calls home
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Teacher takes away item points rewards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • No longer required to participate in instruction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Kept in at lunch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of recess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher moves the student to another spotin room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sent out of room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sent home for day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian is receiving bad grades in my class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • His state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Define the behavior of concern as an observable event
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent events)
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How you feel about the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The day you are having
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • When does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Where does the behavior occur Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • How long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Behavior (Define the problem behavior) Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior) Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ACTIVITY -HOW DID YOU DO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Check your ABC data against your neighbor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What was hard about taking data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • What did you notice from the data for the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • If so is it working well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • If not what are your barriers to data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Desired Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Alternative Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for ways to draw others into a struggle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash confusion withdraw deny blame
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash relatively subdued in interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY -CREATING A PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Do you have an observable description of the features of the problem behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • When does it occur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Positive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Negative consequences (describe circumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How have you responded in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • What showed some promise Why did you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • What failed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm Maintain this with positive interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to resolve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time and space when appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation State expectation and consequence Use when then statements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak Safety first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If possible have student restore damage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thank you for joining our training
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • SELECTED REFERENCES
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West
Page 10: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS

Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of well-being and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY

bull Awareness of the breath bull Awareness of thoughts bull Awareness of bodily

sensations bull Awareness of emotions bull Awareness of awareness

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

Safe Working

Environment

3 DevelopingPositive

Relationshipswith Students

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE

THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo JOHN HATTIE (2009)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RELATIONSHIPS MATTER

bull ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)

bull ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo

bull Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

bull Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)

bull Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)

With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following 1 What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your

students 2 How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships 3 Share any bumps encountered in the road 4 Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note- simple ideas

are often the most useful

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING

Safe Working

Environment

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation 6 Understanding

SpecialEducation Law to

Guide Safe Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
                • bull
                  • bull
                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
                      • bull
                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
                          • bull
                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
                            • bull
                              • bull
                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
                                                                • bull
                                                                  • bull
                                                                    • bull
                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
                                                                      • bull
                                                                        • bull
                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
                                                                          • bull
                                                                            • bull
                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
                                                                                • bull
                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                • Meditation
                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence -This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Clues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • He is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Reprimanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Asked to leave the classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR (THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peers andor teacherlaughing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peers andor teachervisibly upset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Teacher has lengthydiscussion with student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher calls home
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Teacher takes away item points rewards
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • No longer required to participate in instruction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Kept in at lunch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of recess
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher moves the student to another spotin room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sent out of room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sent home for day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian is receiving bad grades in my class
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • His state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Define the behavior of concern as an observable event
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How you feel about the student
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The day you are having
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • When does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Where does the behavior occur Math class
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • How long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred)
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Behavior (Define the problem behavior) Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior) Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ACTIVITY -HOW DID YOU DO
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Check your ABC data against your neighbor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What was hard about taking data
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • What did you notice from the data for the student
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • If so is it working well
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • If not what are your barriers to data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Desired Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Alternative Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for ways to draw others into a struggle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash confusion withdraw deny blame
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash relatively subdued in interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY -CREATING A PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Do you have an observable description of the features of the problem behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • When does it occur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Positive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Negative consequences (describe circumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How have you responded in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • What showed some promise Why did you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • What failed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm Maintain this with positive interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to resolve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time and space when appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation State expectation and consequence Use when then statements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak Safety first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If possible have student restore damage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thank you for joining our training
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West
Page 11: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY

bull Awareness of the breath bull Awareness of thoughts bull Awareness of bodily

sensations bull Awareness of emotions bull Awareness of awareness

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

Safe Working

Environment

3 DevelopingPositive

Relationshipswith Students

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE

THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo JOHN HATTIE (2009)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RELATIONSHIPS MATTER

bull ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)

bull ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo

bull Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

bull Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)

bull Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)

With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following 1 What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your

students 2 How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships 3 Share any bumps encountered in the road 4 Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note- simple ideas

are often the most useful

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING

Safe Working

Environment

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation 6 Understanding

SpecialEducation Law to

Guide Safe Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
                • bull
                  • bull
                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
                      • bull
                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
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                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
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                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
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                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
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                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
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                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
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                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
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                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
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                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
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                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
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                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
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                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
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                                                                                                                                • Meditation
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                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
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                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
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                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
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                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
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                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
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                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
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                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
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                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
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                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
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                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
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                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
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                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence -This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Clues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • He is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Reprimanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Asked to leave the classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR (THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peers andor teacherlaughing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peers andor teachervisibly upset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Teacher has lengthydiscussion with student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher calls home
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Teacher takes away item points rewards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • No longer required to participate in instruction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Kept in at lunch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of recess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher moves the student to another spotin room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sent out of room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sent home for day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian is receiving bad grades in my class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • His state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Define the behavior of concern as an observable event
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How you feel about the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The day you are having
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • When does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Where does the behavior occur Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • How long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Behavior (Define the problem behavior) Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior) Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ACTIVITY -HOW DID YOU DO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Check your ABC data against your neighbor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What was hard about taking data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • What did you notice from the data for the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • If so is it working well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • If not what are your barriers to data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Desired Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Alternative Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for ways to draw others into a struggle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash confusion withdraw deny blame
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash relatively subdued in interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY -CREATING A PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Do you have an observable description of the features of the problem behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • When does it occur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Positive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Negative consequences (describe circumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How have you responded in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • What showed some promise Why did you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • What failed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm Maintain this with positive interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to resolve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time and space when appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation State expectation and consequence Use when then statements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak Safety first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If possible have student restore damage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thank you for joining our training
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West
Page 12: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

Safe Working

Environment

3 DevelopingPositive

Relationshipswith Students

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE

THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo JOHN HATTIE (2009)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RELATIONSHIPS MATTER

bull ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)

bull ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo

bull Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

bull Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)

bull Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)

With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following 1 What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your

students 2 How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships 3 Share any bumps encountered in the road 4 Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note- simple ideas

are often the most useful

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING

Safe Working

Environment

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation 6 Understanding

SpecialEducation Law to

Guide Safe Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
                • bull
                  • bull
                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
                      • bull
                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
                          • bull
                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
                            • bull
                              • bull
                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
                                                                • bull
                                                                  • bull
                                                                    • bull
                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
                                                                      • bull
                                                                        • bull
                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
                                                                          • bull
                                                                            • bull
                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
                                                                                • bull
                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                • Meditation
                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence -This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Clues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • He is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Reprimanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Asked to leave the classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR (THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peers andor teacherlaughing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peers andor teachervisibly upset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Teacher has lengthydiscussion with student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher calls home
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Teacher takes away item points rewards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • No longer required to participate in instruction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Kept in at lunch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of recess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher moves the student to another spotin room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sent out of room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sent home for day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian is receiving bad grades in my class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • His state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Define the behavior of concern as an observable event
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How you feel about the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The day you are having
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • When does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Where does the behavior occur Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • How long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Behavior (Define the problem behavior) Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior) Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ACTIVITY -HOW DID YOU DO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Check your ABC data against your neighbor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What was hard about taking data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • What did you notice from the data for the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • If so is it working well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • If not what are your barriers to data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Desired Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Alternative Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for ways to draw others into a struggle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash confusion withdraw deny blame
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash relatively subdued in interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY -CREATING A PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Do you have an observable description of the features of the problem behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • When does it occur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Positive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Negative consequences (describe circumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How have you responded in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • What showed some promise Why did you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • What failed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm Maintain this with positive interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to resolve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time and space when appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation State expectation and consequence Use when then statements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak Safety first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If possible have student restore damage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thank you for joining our training
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West
Page 13: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE

THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo JOHN HATTIE (2009)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RELATIONSHIPS MATTER

bull ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)

bull ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo

bull Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

bull Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)

bull Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)

With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following 1 What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your

students 2 How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships 3 Share any bumps encountered in the road 4 Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note- simple ideas

are often the most useful

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING

Safe Working

Environment

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation 6 Understanding

SpecialEducation Law to

Guide Safe Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
                • bull
                  • bull
                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
                      • bull
                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
                          • bull
                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
                            • bull
                              • bull
                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
                                                                • bull
                                                                  • bull
                                                                    • bull
                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
                                                                      • bull
                                                                        • bull
                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
                                                                          • bull
                                                                            • bull
                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
                                                                                • bull
                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                • Meditation
                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence -This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Clues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • He is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Reprimanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Asked to leave the classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR (THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peers andor teacherlaughing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peers andor teachervisibly upset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Teacher has lengthydiscussion with student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher calls home
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Teacher takes away item points rewards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • No longer required to participate in instruction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Kept in at lunch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of recess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher moves the student to another spotin room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sent out of room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sent home for day
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian is receiving bad grades in my class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • His state math test scores were poor last year
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Define the behavior of concern as an observable event
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How you feel about the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The day you are having
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • When does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Where does the behavior occur Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • How long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Behavior (Define the problem behavior) Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior) Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ACTIVITY -HOW DID YOU DO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Check your ABC data against your neighbor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What was hard about taking data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • What did you notice from the data for the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • If so is it working well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • If not what are your barriers to data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Desired Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Alternative Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for ways to draw others into a struggle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash confusion withdraw deny blame
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash relatively subdued in interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY -CREATING A PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Do you have an observable description of the features of the problem behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • When does it occur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Positive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Negative consequences (describe circumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How have you responded in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • What showed some promise Why did you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • What failed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm Maintain this with positive interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to resolve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time and space when appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation State expectation and consequence Use when then statements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak Safety first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If possible have student restore damage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thank you for joining our training
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West
Page 14: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

RELATIONSHIPS MATTER

bull ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)

bull ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo

bull Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

bull Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)

bull Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)

With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following 1 What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your

students 2 How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships 3 Share any bumps encountered in the road 4 Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note- simple ideas

are often the most useful

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING

Safe Working

Environment

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation 6 Understanding

SpecialEducation Law to

Guide Safe Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
                • bull
                  • bull
                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
                      • bull
                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
                          • bull
                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
                            • bull
                              • bull
                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
                                                                • bull
                                                                  • bull
                                                                    • bull
                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
                                                                      • bull
                                                                        • bull
                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
                                                                          • bull
                                                                            • bull
                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
                                                                                • bull
                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                • Meditation
                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence -This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Clues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • He is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Reprimanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Asked to leave the classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR (THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peers andor teacherlaughing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peers andor teachervisibly upset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Teacher has lengthydiscussion with student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher calls home
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Teacher takes away item points rewards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • No longer required to participate in instruction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Kept in at lunch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of recess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher moves the student to another spotin room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sent out of room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sent home for day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian is receiving bad grades in my class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • His state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Define the behavior of concern as an observable event
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How you feel about the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The day you are having
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • When does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Where does the behavior occur Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • How long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Behavior (Define the problem behavior) Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior) Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ACTIVITY -HOW DID YOU DO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Check your ABC data against your neighbor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What was hard about taking data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • What did you notice from the data for the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • If so is it working well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • If not what are your barriers to data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Desired Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Alternative Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for ways to draw others into a struggle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash confusion withdraw deny blame
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash relatively subdued in interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY -CREATING A PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Do you have an observable description of the features of the problem behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • When does it occur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Positive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Negative consequences (describe circumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How have you responded in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • What showed some promise Why did you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • What failed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm Maintain this with positive interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to resolve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time and space when appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation State expectation and consequence Use when then statements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak Safety first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If possible have student restore damage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thank you for joining our training
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West
Page 15: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT

bull Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)

bull Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)

With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following 1 What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your

students 2 How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships 3 Share any bumps encountered in the road 4 Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note- simple ideas

are often the most useful

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING

Safe Working

Environment

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation 6 Understanding

SpecialEducation Law to

Guide Safe Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
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                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
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                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
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                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
                            • bull
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                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
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                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
                                                                      • bull
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                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
                                                                          • bull
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                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
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                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
                                                                                            • bull
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                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
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                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
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                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
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                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
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                                                                                                                                • Meditation
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                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
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                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
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                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
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                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
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                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
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                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
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                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
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                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
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                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence -This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Clues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • He is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Reprimanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Asked to leave the classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR (THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peers andor teacherlaughing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peers andor teachervisibly upset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Teacher has lengthydiscussion with student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher calls home
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Teacher takes away item points rewards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • No longer required to participate in instruction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Kept in at lunch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of recess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher moves the student to another spotin room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sent out of room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sent home for day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian is receiving bad grades in my class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • His state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Define the behavior of concern as an observable event
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How you feel about the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The day you are having
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • When does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Where does the behavior occur Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • How long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Behavior (Define the problem behavior) Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior) Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ACTIVITY -HOW DID YOU DO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Check your ABC data against your neighbor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What was hard about taking data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • What did you notice from the data for the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • If so is it working well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • If not what are your barriers to data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Desired Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Alternative Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for ways to draw others into a struggle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash confusion withdraw deny blame
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash relatively subdued in interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY -CREATING A PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Do you have an observable description of the features of the problem behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • When does it occur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Positive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Negative consequences (describe circumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How have you responded in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • What showed some promise Why did you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • What failed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm Maintain this with positive interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to resolve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time and space when appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation State expectation and consequence Use when then statements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak Safety first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If possible have student restore damage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thank you for joining our training
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West
Page 16: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)

With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following 1 What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your

students 2 How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships 3 Share any bumps encountered in the road 4 Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note- simple ideas

are often the most useful

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING

Safe Working

Environment

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation 6 Understanding

SpecialEducation Law to

Guide Safe Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
                • bull
                  • bull
                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
                      • bull
                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
                          • bull
                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
                            • bull
                              • bull
                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
                                                                • bull
                                                                  • bull
                                                                    • bull
                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
                                                                      • bull
                                                                        • bull
                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
                                                                          • bull
                                                                            • bull
                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
                                                                                • bull
                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                • Meditation
                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence -This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Clues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • He is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Reprimanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Asked to leave the classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR (THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peers andor teacherlaughing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peers andor teachervisibly upset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Teacher has lengthydiscussion with student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher calls home
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Teacher takes away item points rewards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • No longer required to participate in instruction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Kept in at lunch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of recess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher moves the student to another spotin room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sent out of room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sent home for day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian is receiving bad grades in my class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • His state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Define the behavior of concern as an observable event
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How you feel about the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The day you are having
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • When does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Where does the behavior occur Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • How long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Behavior (Define the problem behavior) Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior) Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ACTIVITY -HOW DID YOU DO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Check your ABC data against your neighbor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What was hard about taking data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • What did you notice from the data for the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • If so is it working well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • If not what are your barriers to data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Desired Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Alternative Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for ways to draw others into a struggle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash confusion withdraw deny blame
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash relatively subdued in interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY -CREATING A PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Do you have an observable description of the features of the problem behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • When does it occur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Positive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Negative consequences (describe circumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How have you responded in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • What showed some promise Why did you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • What failed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm Maintain this with positive interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to resolve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time and space when appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation State expectation and consequence Use when then statements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak Safety first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If possible have student restore damage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thank you for joining our training
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West
Page 17: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING

Safe Working

Environment

2 Understandingthe Basics of

Behavior Change

4 Knowing Howto Respond

During the Cycleof Behavioral

Escalation 6 Understanding

SpecialEducation Law to

Guide Safe Practice

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
                • bull
                  • bull
                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
                      • bull
                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
                          • bull
                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
                            • bull
                              • bull
                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
                                                                • bull
                                                                  • bull
                                                                    • bull
                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
                                                                      • bull
                                                                        • bull
                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
                                                                          • bull
                                                                            • bull
                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
                                                                                • bull
                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                • Meditation
                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence -This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Clues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • He is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Reprimanded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Asked to leave the classroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR (THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peers andor teacherlaughing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peers andor teachervisibly upset
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Teacher has lengthydiscussion with student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher calls home
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Teacher takes away item points rewards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • No longer required to participate in instruction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Kept in at lunch
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Loss of recess
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Teacher moves the student to another spotin room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sent out of room
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sent home for day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • POSSIBLE FUNCTION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian is receiving bad grades in my class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • His state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Define the behavior of concern as an observable event
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent events)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How you feel about the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The day you are having
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • When does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Where does the behavior occur Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • How often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • How long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Antecedents (What happened before the behavior) Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Behavior (Define the problem behavior) Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior) Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • ACTIVITY -HOW DID YOU DO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Check your ABC data against your neighbor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • What was hard about taking data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • What did you notice from the data for the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • If so is it working well
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • If not what are your barriers to data collection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Desired Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Alternative Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircCalm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircTrigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircAgitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • EcircAcceleration-looking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for ways to draw others into a struggle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • EcircPeak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EcircDe-escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ndash confusion withdraw deny blame
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • EcircRecovery
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • ndash relatively subdued in interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY -CREATING A PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Do you have an observable description of the features of the problem behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • When does it occur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Positive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Negative consequences (describe circumstances for use)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • How have you responded in the past
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • What showed some promise Why did you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • What failed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Calm Maintain this with positive interactions
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to resolve
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time and space when appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation State expectation and consequence Use when then statements
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Peak Safety first
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If possible have student restore damage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • for Special Education Personnel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • PhasesofStudentobservableterms BehaviorDescribein
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Calm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Trigger
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Agitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Peak
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • De escalation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Recovery Be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • audoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improvfor Special Education Personn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ing Safety el
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ResponsePlan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • EVALUATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Thank you for joining our training
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • SELECTED REFERENCES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • SELECTED REFERENCES
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West
Page 18: IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION …wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/SHIPProducts/CapRegESD113Mt... · 2019-10-10 · Beaudoin & Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety

THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip

bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6th grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip

bull Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board bull When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo

ldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)

bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school

bull Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN

WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must (i) Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports

to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others

WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either (1) Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER

Getting Something Desired

bullThis behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something

bullThe behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo

bull Source httpwwwpentcagov

Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired

bull The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired

bull The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ABC

Antecedent (settingtriggers)

Behavior Consequence

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES

bull ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo

bull If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent bull hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during

independent seatwork or work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT VARIABLES

bull Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring bullsomething that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not

getting enough sleep problem on the bus) bullchanges in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)

bullAntecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENT EVENTS

bull Setting events Tardy to class bull Setting Math class bull Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Consequence - This is what happens directly after the behavior and may be maintaining the behavior

bullClues bullHe is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquo ldquoBrian if you do that

one more time Irsquom sending you to see Ms Collinsrdquo) bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES

bull Reprimanded bull Asked to leave the classroom

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

CONSEQUENCES POSSIBLE RESPONSES THAT FOLLOW THE BEHAVIOR

(THESE CAN ALSO BE TRIGGERS)

bullPeers andor teacherlaughing

bullPeers andor teachervisibly upset

bullTeacher has lengthydiscussion with student

bullTeacher calls home bullTeacher takes away item

points rewards bullLoss of points

bullNo longer required to participate in instruction

bullKept in at lunch bullLoss of recess bullTeacher moves the

student to another spotin room

bullSent out of room bullSent home for day

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

POSSIBLE FUNCTION

bull I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhellip bull Brian is receiving bad grades in my class bull Usually happenshellipworksheets and math at the board bull Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos

office where he often just sits and goofs aroundhellip bull His state math test scores were poor last year

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

TO DETERMINE THE FUNCTION YOU MUST TAKE DATA ON THE PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

bull Define the behavior of concern as an observable event bull Examine what happens immediately before it occurs (antecedent

events) bull Examine what happens immediately after it occurs (consequent

events)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

COMMUNICATING ABOUT STUDENTS ndash WORDS MATTER

bull Use objective reporting especially when communicating about students or situations involving students

bull Describe the events in concrete terms that explain what was seen or heard

bull Stay clear of drawing conclusions which can be biased depending on bull How you feel about the student bull The day you are having bull Unconscious prejudices about a particular race age level or gender Source Sprick Garrison amp Howard (2000) Para Pro Supporting the Instructional Process

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

A MORE PRECISE DEFINITION OF A TARGET BEHAVIOR

bullWhat do you call the behavior Disruptive bullWhat does the behavior look like Blurts out comments such as ldquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrdquo

bullWhen does the behavior occur working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board

bullWhere does the behavior occur Math class bullHow often does the behavior occur 3-5 times per class period bullHow long does the behavior last Under a minute (inferred) bullHow intense is the behavior Moderate (inferred)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ANTECEDENTS BEHAVIOR CONSEQUENCES

Antecedents (What happened before the behavior)

Teacher handed Jon a math worksheet

Behavior (Define the problem behavior)

Defiance = Refusing to complete assigned work by or tearing up the worksheet

Consequence (Immediately follows the problem behavior)

Verbal reprimand by teacher referral written student sent to office received detention

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - HOW DID YOU DO

bull Check your ABC data against your neighbor bull How did you do ndash Look for data that you missed bull What was hard about taking data bull What did you notice from the data for the student

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY CURRENT PRACTICE AND NEEDS

bull Are you collecting data to determine ABCs and Function bull If so is it working well bull Whatrsquos the biggest problem or area for improvement with data

collection bull If not what are your barriers to data collection

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SOURCE KANSAS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS NETWORK

BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY

Desired Behavior Consequence

Setting Event Antecedent Problem Behavior Consequence Function

Alternative Behavior

(Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient) (Make problem behavior ineffective) Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR ESCALATION CYCLE (COLVIN G 1992)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEGIN TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

ResponsePlanPhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

PHASES OF THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

EcircCalm ndash looks like on task following expectations complying with corrections responding to praise

EcircTrigger ndash experiencing events that are anxiety provoking or discomforting to the student

EcircAgitation ndash increases in negativeoff task behaviors or decreases in engagement and classroom interaction

EcircAcceleration- looking for ways to draw others into a struggle

EcircPeak ndash out of control behaviors property destruction assault

EcircDe-escalation ndash confusion withdraw deny blame

EcircRecovery ndash relatively subdued in interactions (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY - CREATING A PLAN

bull Do you know what ldquocalmrdquo looks like for this student bull Have you identified the studentrsquos triggers bull Do you have an observable description of the features of the

problem behavior

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

BEHAVIOR X IN YOUR CLASSROOM

bullWhat does Student Xrsquos behavior look like in yourclassroom

bullWhen does it occur bullWhat seems to trigger the behavior

bullHow are you currently responding to this studentrsquosbehavior bullPositive practices (describe positive behaviorscircumstances

for use)

bullNegative consequences (describe circumstances for use) bullHow have you responded in the past

bullWhat showed some promise Why did you stop

bullWhat failed

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

RESPONSE PLANNING THE ACTING OUT CYCLE

bull Calm Maintain this with positive interactions bull Trigger Let student know you are aware and offer help to

resolve bull Agitation Let student know you are aware and give time

and space when appropriate bull Acceleration Decline the my turn your turn invitation

State expectation and consequence Use when then statements

bull Peak Safety first bull De-escalation Get student back on track with routine If

possible have student restore damage bull Recovery Emphasize productive and calm behavior Plan

ahead (Kauffman Pullen Mostert amp Trent 2011)

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

ACTIVITY TEAM TIME TO BUILD A RESPONSE PLAN FOR A STUDENT WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOR

PhasesofStudentobservableterms

BehaviorDescribein StaffResponsetoBehaviorIncludeaspecific description of how staff shouldrespond at each phase

DocumentationandorFollowUpWhatdocumentationneedstotakeplaceWhoshould be contacted

Calm

Trigger

Agitation

Acceleration

Peak

De escalation

Recovery

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improvfor Special Education Personn

ing Safety el

ResponsePlan

EVALUATIONS

bull Please complete the professional development evaluation prior to signing out for the day

bull Thank you for joining our training

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) - Improving Safety for Special Education Personnel

SELECTED REFERENCES

bull Jones S M Bouffard S M amp Weissbourd R (2013) Educators social and emotional skills vital to learning Phi Delta Kappan 94(8) 62-65

bull Kauffman J M Pullen P L Mostert M P ampTrent S C (2011) Managing classroom behavior A reflective case-based approach Boston Allyn amp Bacon

bull Sprick R Garrison M amp Howard L (2000) Para pro Supporting the instructional process Longmont CO Sopris West

Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2017) - Keeping Special Education Paraprofessionals Safe amp Working 46

  • Structure Bookmarks
    • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • IMPROVING SAFETY CONDITIONS FOR ALL SPECIAL EDUCATION PERSONNEL THROUGH COLLABORATIVE SAFETY PROTOCOL TRAINING DAY 4
      • AN INJURY PREVENTION TRAINING PROGRAM
      • Funded by Partnered by
      • Washington State Department of Labor andIndustries Safety and Health Investment Projects Capital Region Educational Service District113 and Marysville School District
        • Grant Program (SHIP)
          • Figure
          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
          • TRAINERS DR KATHY BEAUDOIN AND DR LAURA FEUERBORN
          • Figure
            • AGENDA DAY 4
              • AGENDA DAY 4
              • bull
                • bull
                  • bull
                  • Personal Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
                    • bull
                      • bull
                      • Building Relationships to Promote Safe Behavior -Homework review
                        • bull
                          • bull
                          • Identifying the Functions of Behavior through Data Collection and Behavior Pathways
                            • bull
                              • bull
                              • Developing Response Plans for the Acting Out Cycle
                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                  • Figure
                                    • NORMS
                                      • NORMS
                                      • 1
                                        • 1
                                          • 1
                                          • Honor Time
                                            • 2
                                              • 2
                                              • Constructive Talk About Students and Concerns
                                                • 3
                                                  • 3
                                                  • Maintain Confidentiality
                                                    • 4
                                                      • 4
                                                      • Support the Learning Environment
                                                          • TOPICS FOR TODAY Safe Working Environment 1 Understandingthe Relation Between Disabilities and Behavior 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 5 Identifying theLines of Communication to Support a Safe Environment 6 UnderstandingSpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                          • OUR AIM
                                                          • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                            • Behavior Intervention Planning
                                                              • Cycle of Acting Out
                                                                • (Source Kansas Technical Assistance Systems
                                                                • (Source Colvin G 1992)
                                                                • Network)
                                                                • BEHAVIOR SUPPORT PLAN COMPETING BEHAVIOR PATHWAY
                                                                • ConsequenceAntecedentSetting Event Alternative Behavior Problem Behavior Desired Behavior Consequence Function
                                                                • (Make problem behavior irrelevant) (Make problem behavior inefficient)
                                                                • (Make problem behavior ineffective)
                                                                • Setting Event Strategies Antecedent Strategies Behavior Teaching Strategies Consequence Strategies
                                                                • TO BEGIN PERSONAL SEL MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                • SOME MINDFULNESS DEFINITIONS
                                                                • bull
                                                                  • bull
                                                                    • bull
                                                                    • moment-by-moment awareness and keeping onersquos consciousness alive to the present reality (Hanh 1976 p11)
                                                                      • bull
                                                                        • bull
                                                                        • The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose in the present moment and non-judgmentally to the unfolding of experience moment-by-moment (Kabat-Zinn 2003 p 145)
                                                                          • bull
                                                                            • bull
                                                                            • Open-hearted open-minded curious moment-to-moment awareness (Kabat-Zinn 2005 p24)
                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                • SCHOOL-BASED MINDFULNESS PRACTICES
                                                                                • bull
                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                    • The practices used in most schools are secularized (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                          • The goals of most MBP in schools
                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                • Improve
                                                                                                  • attention
                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                        • Increase emotional physical and cognitive and
                                                                                                          • awareness
                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                • improve emotional (Meiklejohn et al 2012)
                                                                                                                  • regulation
                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                          • Types of practice often include
                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                • Meditation
                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                    • Breathing
                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                        • Movement
                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                            • MINDFULNESS FOR EDUCATORS
                                                                                                                                            • Educators need to possess certain ldquohabits of mindrdquo or dispositions such as mindfulness attention flexibility and intentionality (Roeser et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                            • Mindfulness skills can increase educatorsrsquo sense of wellbeing and teaching self-efficacy their ability to manage classroom behavior and establish supportive relationships with students (Meiklejohn et al 2012) These are all important to safety
                                                                                                                                              • -
                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                • A BRIEF MINDFULNESS-BASED FOCUSING ACTIVITY
                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of the breath
                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                        • Awareness of thoughts
                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                            • Awareness of bodily sensations
                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                • Awareness of emotions
                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                    • Awareness of awareness
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                            • INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE Safe WorkingEnvironment 3 DevelopingPositive Relationshipswith Students
                                                                                                                                                                            • ldquoIT IS TEACHERS WHO HAVE CREATED POSITIVE TEACHER STUDENT RELATIONSHIPS THAT ARE MORE LIKELY TO HAVE
                                                                                                                                                                            • THE ABOVE AVERAGE EFFECTS ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENTrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                              • JOHN HATTIE (2009)
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                • RELATIONSHIPS MATTER
                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoRecent research on high school students who have frequent and intense discipline problems shows that when adolescents perceive their teachers are trustworthy people they show less defiant behaviorrdquo (Gregory amp Ripski 2008)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                        • ldquoPersistent teacher-student conflict throughout the elementary years increases the likelihood that children will exhibit negative externalizing behaviors (OConnor et al 2012) so it is important for teachers to build close relationships at an early age with children at-risk for behavioral issuesrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source Rimm-Kaufman amp Sandilos 2015
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                • YOUR HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Meet with your direct supervisor (this may be the special education teacher school psychologist or building administrator)
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Present your ideas for improving your relationships with students Agree on a course of action steps for you to take Determine some ways that you will know your relationships are improving Begin as soon as possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ACTIVITY ( 7-10 MINUTES)
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • With your team memberstable members In terms of your homework assignment please discuss the following
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • What action steps did you take to improve relationships with your students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • How do you know if these steps are improving your relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Share any bumps encountered in the road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Be prepared to share out a list of your best ideas Note-simple ideas are often the most useful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • NEXT TOPIC FUNCTIONALLY DRIVEN PLANNING Safe Working Environment 2 Understandingthe Basics of Behavior Change 4 Knowing Howto RespondDuring the Cycleof Behavioral Escalation 6 Understanding SpecialEducation Law to Guide Safe Practice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • THE TEACHER INITIALLY REPORTShellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull ldquoI am Brianrsquos 6grade math teacher I believe he is rude and disrespectful I think his parents let him get away with anything and everything In my classroom hersquos constantly disrupting class by his comments such as lsquoI donrsquot want to do thishellip This is stupidhellip Why do I have to do thisrsquo I hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problem but I think maybe itrsquos because other teachers are too easy on him Needless to say Brian is receiving bad grades in my classrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • THEN YOU DISCOVERhellip
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brian engages in this behavior about 3-5 times per class period
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • It usually happens when he is working on a worksheet duringindependent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • When he blurts out he is reprimanded (eg ldquoBrian get to workrdquoldquoBrian if you do that one more time Irsquom sending you to see MsCollinsrdquo)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Most times the situation escalates and he is sent to Ms Collinrsquos office where he often just sits and goofs around while Ms Collins deals with the other problem-causing kids of the school
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Also you find out later that his state math test scores were poor last year
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTIONAL BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT amp POSITIVE BEHAVIOR INTERVENTION PLAN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • WAC 392-172A-03110 (2)(a)When considering special factors unique to a student the IEP team must
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • (i)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Consider the use of positive behavioral interventions and supports to address behavior in the case of a student whose behavior impedes the studentrsquos learning or that of others
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • WAC 392-172A-05147 Ifhellipstudentrsquos IEP team determine the conduct to be a manifestation of the students disability the IEP team must either
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • (1)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Conduct a functional behavioral assessmenthellip and implement a behavioral intervention plan for a student or (2) If a behavioral intervention plan already has been developed review the behavioral intervention plan and modify it as necessary to address the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • FUNCTION THE OUTCOME FROM THE STUDENTS PERSPECTIVE IS IN TERMS OF EITHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Getting Something Desired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • This behavior is working or has worked in the past to gain something
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The behavior is ldquopositively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Source httpwwwpentcagov
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Protesting Escaping or Avoiding something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The behavior is working or has worked in the past to remove partially remove or communicate displeasure about something undesired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The behavior maintains because it is negatively reinforcedrdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ABC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent (settingtriggers) Behavior Consequence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • THE ldquoArdquo OF THE ABC CHAIN FINDING CLUES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • ldquoI hear his other teachers donrsquot have this kind of problemhelliprdquo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • If he is tardy his outbursts tend to be more frequent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • hellipusually happens when he is working on a worksheet during independent seatwork or work at the board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Setting event Anything that increases the likelihood of the problem behavior occurring
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • something that occurred in the near distant past (eg a fight last night not getting enough sleep problem on the bus)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • changes in the current environment (eg people in the room noise)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Antecedent Anything that happens that directly triggers the behavior
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Beaudoin amp Feuerborn (2019) -Improving Safety
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • ANTECEDENT VARIABLES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • ANTECEDENT EVENTS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull Setting events Tardy to class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Setting Math class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • bull
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Antecedent Asked to complete a worksheet independently at his desk or perform work at the board