information literacy: a southern hemisphere need panel: information literacy 360 “international...

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  • Information Literacy: A Southern Hemisphere NeedPanel: Information Literacy 360 International Special Libraries Day 2004Special Libraries Association, DC ChapterKiplinger Washington Editors Building, 1729 H Street NW,Washington, DC, April 22, 2004, 6-9:00 PM Jess Lau, Ph.D. Director, USBI Veracruz Library, and Coordinator, UV Virtual Library Veracruz, Mxico [email protected] / [email protected] Personal: Institutional: *Part of this presentation was delivered at the Mortenson Center (Distinguished Lecture Series), University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2003

  • Information competenciesSocio-Economic and political development is best advanced by people who recognize their need for information, and identify, locate, access, evaluate and apply the needed information.

  • 1North - South

  • World Social StratasPoorVery poorMiddle classWealthy

  • Wealthy/Poverty ConnotationsIncomeGross National Income per CapitaBasic needsFoodHealthHousingEducationEmploymentCapabilityInformation competenciesResearchManagement

  • Population 2002 (World Bank, 2002)



    Low income2,495,033

    Middle income2,741,531

    Low & middle income5,236,564

    High income964,739



  • 2Knowledge Gaps

  • Internet: A great Venue for informationInternet is opening access to informationGreat amounts of resources are availableSome information aggregators are giving information awayHowever, low use capacity limits information benefits in Southern populations

  • Information Development in the Southern HemispherePublishing is limitedScientific serials are just fewNobel prizes are not from developing countriesReference publications are also scarce

  • Information/Knowledge Chain

  • Production/Demand: Researchers (UNESCO)Notes -12 Not including data for law, humanities and education.-13 Data refer to researchers only.

    CountryResearchersAfrica71,308America124,899Asia4,483,881Europe1,892,307Oceana60,066Canada80 510Japan651,099United States (12) (13)*962 700

  • Production: Patents (wipo)

    CountryApplicationsPercentageUSA44 60940%Germany15 26913%Japan13 53112%Subtotal73 04965%United Kingdom6 2745%Other developed Countries19 11516%Subtotal25 38986%Rest of the world16 20214%Total115 000100%

  • Production: Serials (ISSN, 2003)

    CountryISSN RecordsAfrica7,064Asia37,369Europa584,632Latin America/Caribbean27,842Oceania61,691Canada111,618Japan30,947United States161,031

  • Production/Demand: Newspapers/Circulation(Unesco, different years)

    ContinentsNumber of Dailies (000)Circ Total(millions)Per 1,000inhabitantsDeveloped countries3 972276226Developing countries4 41927260Least developed1723.98

  • Storage/Distribution: National Library CollectionsGeneral noteFor general explanations and definitions, please refer to the beginning of this chapter.17 Data refer only to books.

    CountryUnitVolumes000Africa132 920America1020 560Asia2645 992Europe63278 194Oceania12 441

    Canada16 387Japan15 528

  • Storage/Distribution: Public Library Collections (UNESCO)

    CountryUnitVolumesAfrica3586 271America2 06018 231Asia22 741597 394Europe127 2712 568 421

    Canada1 04570 077Japan2 172195 390

  • Demand/Production: Internet(, 2003)USA, Canada, Japan, and West Europe90% Demand70% Computer servers

    English Language60-80% Internet content60% English speakers users8% English speakers of total world population

  • 3Knowledge Bridge

  • Educational - DevelopmentEducation enables people to be better citizensIt helps economic mobility of individualsIt determines national progressEducation access is a challengeEducation quality is even a greater oneInformation development is related to educationEducation fosters information competences

  • Teacher Centered EducationEquips students with static knowledgeTeaching to the testReproducing textsStudents are classroom-boundPredominates in developing countries

  • Information Literacy - HurdlesHurdlesProfessorscourse notesTextbooksProfessor lecture- based learningRote learningMemorization

  • Learner Oriented EducationFostersInformation competenciesKnowledge construction by learnersLife along learningIndependent studentsCreativity and innovationOpen-horizontal managementContributes to create a base for democracy

  • Information Literacy: A Must for Socio Economic DevelopmentWorkers need to be learning constantly, jobs are for short time-spanThe work place is moving from routine to rich-thinking activitiesEducation for future citizens is focusing on learning how to learn in information-rich enviromentsNew education models are based on inquiry approach to learning rather than on transmission approach to teachingEducations new paradigm is to prepare students to know and to be able to doInformation competencies are a critical life skill

  • 4Mexican progress / IFLA

  • Mexican IL stepsUniversities are implementing IL programsCompulsory courses / tailored trainingNational association of university libraries has a IL national committeeOffers a training program for librariansThere are some dissertations and thesis on the subject

  • IL National ConferencesThree national IL meetingsThree IL manifestosThe manifestos have been distributed widelyProduced national standardsProceedings have been published

  • IFLA International Federation of Library Associations and InstitutionsInformation Literacy SectionBuenos Aires Conference, Aug 04Two sessions during the conferenceInternational GuidelinesBook on international IL practices / experiencesOffer international networking

  • ConclusionsThe North-South knowledge gaps can be bridged by information competenciesIndividuals of all ages need information literacy competenciesEducation needs pedagogical changes in developing countriesLibrarians are information experts who can advocate information development in Southern countries