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    IPOH SUSTAINABILITY EVALUATION

    Ipoh is the capital city of Perak Darul Ridzuan. It is approximately 200 km north

    of Kuala Lumpur on the North-South Expressway. The official population as in 2007 is

    710,798. Ipoh developed into one of Malaysia's main cities around the turn of the 19th

    century due to the booming tin mining industry. During the British colonial era, Ipoh

    was Malaysia's second city for administrative purposes. There are several notable buildings

    from the British Colonial era such as the railway station and the town hall. The population of

    Ipoh is majority 70% of Chinese origin. As the capital of Perak Darul Ridzuan, Ipoh isthe administrative center, commercial, sporting, cultural, financial, political, religious and

    educational.

    Figure 1.0: Ipoh Map (Google Satellite view)

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    This report will evaluate the sustainability around Ipoh town. The evaluation will be

    based on urban design, biodiversity, waste, eco footprint, employment, transport, education,

    healthcare, green space, climate changes, food, economy, recycling and air quality.

    1.0) Urban Design

    Picture : Ipoh building architecture

    Ipoh town buildings are influenced from British tradisonal design including the

    architecture and landscaping. This town arrangement, appearance and functionality of towns

    and cities expecially in city center are good beacause of the building is just near to each

    others. Most of the building function is for office and business use.

    Picture : Majlis Bandaraya Ipoh (MBI) landscaping

    For Ipoh landscaping design; the outdoor and public spaces to achieve environmental

    and socio-behavioral is in the good rating. MBI field is the best place to describe about the

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    landscaping. This place where the citizen gather if there is any activities or event around

    Ipoh, besides this is the center of Ipoh town.

    2.0) Biodiversity

    Picture : IpohA boganville city

    Ipoh is a city with a rich diversity of biological resources. Ipoh has a number of

    reacreation park such as Taman Dr. Senivasagam and Ipoh padang for the citizen to play

    and enjoy its beauty, it also has important role in ecosystem function to recycle the water,

    stabilizing climate and soilfertility. Besides arround of the town there are a lot of trees, and

    flowers covering the land, wish is good for the environment. Picture below shown a tree with

    a lot of birds at Ipoh Padang and the second picture is Ipoh river crose the Ipoh city.

    Picture : Ipoh Padang and Ipoh River

    3.0) WasteMunicipal wastes are managed by Majlis Bandaraya Ipoh or MBI and human waste

    are manage by Indah Water Konsortium (IWK). MBI will collect the trash or municipal

    waste every two days per week for every place in the town however IWK will manage their

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    work at every house yearly. Their service can be evaluate as moderate services because of

    sometime the trash will produce bad smell which is no good for the people around, this can

    be avoided by collect the waste three to four time per week. MBI also provide garbash bin

    around the Ipoh town to the citize (as in the first two picture below), however minority of the

    citizen dont have the good awareness about cleanliness. They just throw the rubbish on the

    road and etc.

    Figure : Garbage Bin

    Figure : Behavior minority of Ipoh citizen

    4.0) Eco FootprintThere are about 710 000 population of Ipoh, however Ipoh doesnt have the source in

    the Ipoh town to supply the fresh food such as fish and also the agriculture. Alternatively the

    fresh food will be imported from the other district of Perak such as Manjung, same thing goes

    to the agriculture source. For the land use, Ipoh has a lot of green space because of the high

    total area of Ipoh are high, besides the new construction site are in slow rate, as the effect the

    percentage of green space are very high. In addition the suburbs area they are a lot of green

    space for the environmental activities such as tree planting.

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    5.0) Employment

    Ipoh town citizen are employment based on business and for the suburb citizen are

    industrial bases. Ipoh city center consist a lot of shops and a few numbers of housing area,

    besides suburb are plenty of housing area with. People from suburbs going to the city center

    to get job with government agencies or private sectors, this is a good social environment for a

    developing cities.

    6.0) Transport

    Ipoh is located 200 km from Kuala Lumpur. There are a few ways transit from KualaLumpur to Ipoh; by car, bus, flight and train. Its take about 2 hours and 30 minutes travel by

    car. Medan Gopeng is the main bus terminal in Ipoh, this is the place where all the buses pick

    up and drop off passenger from and to all over Peninsular Malaysia. The alternative ways

    travel to Ipoh is by train. Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) provides two type of train

    from Kuala Lumpur to Ipoh; Train Shuttel and Electronic Train Service (ETS). Train Shuttle

    is the conventional train cost about RM22 per person in three hours duration, four trips daily,

    furthermore ETS will take only two hours duration and RM30 per person in five trips daily.

    The last option is, travel to Ipoh is by flight, a few flight operators are operating at Sultan

    Abdul Aziz Shah Airport Terminal in Ipoh. Generally, ETS is the best way to use to move in

    and out from Ipoh, it is cheap (economic) easy to access, time saving (social), environmental

    friendly to the users.

    Most of Ipoh citizen are using car and motorbike to transit from one place and

    minority as Ipoh citizen are using bicycles as their transportation. Shuttle bus and taxi

    services is the only public transportation in Ipoh, this is the way for Ipoh citizen who do not

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    have own transport to travel and commuter within the Ipoh area. The bus and taxi are using

    distance rate. From my observation the bus services in Ipoh can consider as bad because of

    there is no time schedule for the bus service, and the bus conductor are not friendly to the

    customer, and most of the bus is old bus and it produce bad smoke from the exzos.

    Most o the road in Ipoh are asphalt pavement and only few road in Ipoh are using

    rigid pavement. The road condition in Ipoh can consider as good because of the maintenance

    service by Jabatan Kerja Raya Malaysia Ipoh branch. As a conclusion transportation in Ipoh

    can consider as good except of the shuttel bus services.

    Transportation : Buses, Shuttel train, ETS, bicycle, Car and Shuttel bus

    7.0) Education

    Ipoh is a wide area with the high population of people, therefore a lot of school are

    required to cater the increasing of people especially children from age 4 until 19 years old to

    get the formal education. Kindergartens, primary school, secondary school and college are

    the formal education serve in Ipoh town. Besides government school such as SMK Anderson,

    SMK Teknik Lebuh Cator and SK Tarsiciont Convent, international school also available at

    the center of Ipoh town. The location of the school are very strategic because of parent can

    drop their children while on the way the to work.

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    For higher education there is a few private institution are located in Ipoh such as

    Cosmopoint, Royal Collage of Medical and etc, some of the collage provide the hostel for the

    students. This will attract people to study and live in Ipoh. As a conclusion the education

    institution in Ipoh not just for Ipoh citizen, but it is also for people outside from Ipoh

    especially for secondary and higher education.

    Higher education institution at Ipoh :Cosmopoint and Royal Collage of Medical

    8.0) Healthcare

    Figure : Private hospital around Ipoh town.

    As capital city of Perak, Ipoh provide a lot of health centre around the town. The

    servis is not only for ipoh citizen, however its for people around the Perak state. This is

    because most of the hospital in Ipoh town is the speciallist hospital, which is not provided at

    the other district of Perak state. Map below shown the health centre in Ipoh town, there are

    seven government and private hospital located around Ipoh (pink cloude is the location of

    hospital).

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    Map: location of Healthcare center at Ipoh town.

    Figure : Goverment HospitalHospital Raja Permaisuri Bainun

    9.0) Green Space

    Picture : Ipoh recreation area

    Although Ipoh town are full with the building, there is a lot of other space. The total

    area of 643 km2

    , there are a lot of recreation are in Ipoh town that can be as green space at

    Ipoh. This space is the place of the natural habitat, stabilizing climate, surface runoff and etc

    to balancing the ecosystem.

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    10.0) Climate changesIpoh features a tropical rainforest climate. Temperatures show little variation

    throughout the year. The city's average temperature is 27 degrees Celsius. Ipoh sees high

    precipitation throughout the year, averaging 2340 mm of rain per year. The wettest month is

    November where on average

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